CN109015082A - Swinging frame and device and machining center and loading and unloading method for plate loading and unloading - Google Patents

Swinging frame and device and machining center and loading and unloading method for plate loading and unloading Download PDF

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Publication number
CN109015082A
CN109015082A CN201810713121.9A CN201810713121A CN109015082A CN 109015082 A CN109015082 A CN 109015082A CN 201810713121 A CN201810713121 A CN 201810713121A CN 109015082 A CN109015082 A CN 109015082A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
ratchet
rack gear
swinging frame
extension
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810713121.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
朱文平
杨子超
李增华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
DONGGUAN SAIKALYULA ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Original Assignee
DONGGUAN SAIKALYULA ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Application filed by DONGGUAN SAIKALYULA ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd filed Critical DONGGUAN SAIKALYULA ELECTROMECHANICAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810713121.9A priority Critical patent/CN109015082A/en
Publication of CN109015082A publication Critical patent/CN109015082A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting
    • B23Q7/04Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting by means of grippers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B25HAND TOOLS; PORTABLE POWER-DRIVEN TOOLS; MANIPULATORS
    • B25JMANIPULATORS; CHAMBERS PROVIDED WITH MANIPULATION DEVICES
    • B25J15/00Gripping heads and other end effectors
    • B25J15/06Gripping heads and other end effectors with vacuum or magnetic holding means
    • B25J15/0616Gripping heads and other end effectors with vacuum or magnetic holding means with vacuum

Abstract

The present invention relates to the swinging frames and machining center and loading and unloading method for plate loading and unloading, and the swinging frame rotation for plate loading and unloading is connected in mounting base, including rotating the swinging axle coupled, and two pieces of oscillating decks set on swinging axle one end with mounting base;The oscillating deck has towards outside at least provided with one group of suction for drawing plate;The other end and swing power source driving coupling of the swinging axle.The swing arm configuration that the oscillating deck that the present invention uses is constituted, intensity is high, is unlikely to deform or shakes.The mounting hole that long strip type is equipped with directly on oscillating deck saves this technical characteristic of rotating block for installing vacuum slot, not only at low cost, and is easily installed and safeguards.The reciprocating swing of 180 degree of swing arm is changed by lift slide (or being lifting platform) relative to the oscilaltion campaign for going up and down fixing seat using four rack-and-pinion groups.Reduce the purchase cost of servo motor.It is easily achieved the overall-in-one control schema of swing and lifting.

Description

Swinging frame and device and machining center and loading and unloading method for plate loading and unloading
Technical field
The present invention relates to sheet machining apparatus, more specifically refer to a kind of swinging frame and device for plate loading and unloading And machining center and loading and unloading method.
Background technique
In the equipment of sheet fabrication, plate feeding blanking device is particularly critical in whole equipment, under the feeding of plate Material inaccuracy, the unreliable processing quality that will affect plate, influence the automation of equipment.
Chinese patent " plate handling equipment and mobile phone glass machining center " (application number CN201520396790.X, Shen Please day 2015.06.10) disclose plate handling equipment, comprising: for by plate erect arrangement place and plate to be processed with The shared hopper of machined plate, the rotating mechanism with rotating bar, for carry rotating mechanism in plate alignment direction and First driving mechanism of lower direction movement, and the rotating block being mounted in the rotating bar, the front and rear sides of rotating block are respectively mounted There is the pick-and-place portion for taking laying board material, rotating mechanism is mounted in the first driving mechanism and rotating block is located above hopper, is located at Plate alignment direction is equipped with the machine table for being further processed to plate.
There are many defects for above-mentioned patent, the intensity of rotating bar is bad, fast move, and are easy to produce shaking.Rotating block When being fixed on rotating bar using shaft hole matching, when installation, does not have location base.And the tracheae coupled on rotating block, it is received without place It receives.Rotating block is solid construction, is not easy to installation vacuum slot, and will increase weight.Using servo motor as rotating mechanism, Purchase cost is high, and when failure, maintenance cost is high.Suction nozzle does not need continuously to rotate, and can find out more practical and not Power source easy to damage.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the deficiencies of existing technologies, a kind of swinging frame and dress for plate loading and unloading is provided It sets and machining center and loading and unloading method.
To achieve the above object, the invention adopts the following technical scheme:
A kind of swinging frame for plate loading and unloading, the described swinging frame rotation are connected in mounting base, including with mounting base Rotate the swinging axle of connection, and two pieces of oscillating decks set on swinging axle one end;The oscillating deck is towards outside at least provided with one group of use In the suction tool for drawing plate;The other end and swing power source driving coupling of the swinging axle.Wherein, preferred scheme are as follows: two A oscillating deck is symmetrical set, and the axis of swinging axle is the symmetry axis of two oscillating decks.
Its further technical solution are as follows: the suction tool is for drawing the vacuum slot of smooth finish surface plate or for drawing The electromagnetic type sucker of magnetic conduction plate.
Its further technical solution are as follows: the oscillating deck is equipped with the elongated mounting hole axially extended, and the suction tool is fixed In in elongated mounting hole;Between the oscillating deck be equipped with gap, for install vacuum slot and its conduit or magnechuck and its Conducting wire.
Its further technical solution are as follows: the swing power source be the motor being fixedly connected with mounting base, oscillating cylinder or Oscillating oil cylinder;Motor, oscillating cylinder or the oscillating oil cylinder is equipped with the output shaft with swinging axle driving coupling.
A kind of swing type plate handling equipment of the present invention, including for plate to be erect arrangement placement and plate to be processed The hopper shared with machined plate, the horizontal slide set on hopper side, the horizontal sliding table being slidably connected with horizontal slide, and Horizontal power mechanism for driving horizontal sliding table to move along feedstock direction;The horizontal sliding table is equipped with lifting sliding rail, with lifting The mounting base that sliding rail is slidably connected, and the lifting drive mechanism moved up and down for drive installation seat;
The mounting base is equipped with above-mentioned swinging frame;
Alternatively, the mounting base is equipped with rotating bar, and the rotating block being mounted in the rotating bar, the front and back of rotating block Two sides be mounted on for picking and placing plate pick-and-place portion (rotating bar as CN201520396790.X patent document and Rotate block structure).
Its further technical solution are as follows: one end that the swinging axle is distal to oscillating deck is equipped with extension;The extension is set There are four the ratchets of ratchet rack gear group;The side that the horizontal sliding table is distal to oscillating deck is equipped with mounting rack, described Mounting rack is equipped with the rack gear of ratchet rack gear group;Up and down motion of the mounting base relative to horizontal sliding table, constitutes unidirectional tooth The relative motion of wheel and rack, by extension to drive oscillating deck back and forth to overturn, to realize feeding and the blanking of plate.
Its further technical solution are as follows: one end that the hopper is bordering on Working position is material position to be processed, is distal to machining position The other end set is machined material position;The ratchet rack gear group includes being respectively separated the first unidirectional tooth for being set to extension Wheel, the second ratchet, third ratchet and the 4th ratchet, and successively with the first ratchet, the second ratchet, The first rack gear, the second rack gear, third rack gear, the 4th rack gear that third ratchet, the 4th ratchet are mutually matched;Described Two rack gears, the 4th rack gear are set to extension and are bordering on the side of Working position, and first rack gear, third rack gear are set to extension And the other side far from Working position.
Its further technical solution are as follows: the hopper is lower than Working position;First rack gear and the 4th rack gear are in phase Same lower installation position, second rack gear and the 4th rack gear are in identical upper installation position;The upper installation position is higher than lower peace Fill position, required space when providing turning plate;
Uphill process of the swinging frame after drawing plate to be processed, the first ratchet engage and the with the first rack gear One ratchet single-direction transmission drives swinging frame to rotate in the forward direction substantially 90 degree, the 4th ratchet and the 4th rack gear to extension It engages and the 4th ratchet unidirectionally dallies, do not drive to extension;
Swinging frame moves to Working position and draws after machined plate rises setting height again, and the swinging frame continues to rise When, the second ratchet is engaged with the second rack gear and the second ratchet single-direction transmission is to extension, and swinging frame is driven reversely to revolve Turn substantially 90 degree, third ratchet is engaged with third rack gear and third ratchet unidirectionally dallies, and does not drive to extension;
When declining behind swinging frame arrival extreme higher position, third ratchet is engaged with third rack gear and third ratchet list To extension is driven to, continue to drive swinging frame to reversely rotate substantially 90 degree, the second ratchet engages and the with the second rack gear Two ratchets unidirectionally dally, and do not drive to extension;
After swinging frame declines setting height, plate to be processed is placed in Working position, then is moved to and is bordering on the upper and lower of hopper When discharge position, in decline process, the 4th ratchet is engaged with the 4th rack gear and the 4th ratchet single-direction transmission is to extension, Driving swinging frame rotates in the forward direction substantially 90 degree, and the first ratchet is engaged with the first rack gear and the first ratchet unidirectionally dallies, Do not drive to extension.
Its further technical solution are as follows: the swinging frame further includes arrestment mechanism;The arrestment mechanism includes being set to swing Axis periphery and the anchor ear for being used to brake swinging axle, and the electromagnetic mechanism with driving anchor ear.
A kind of machining center of the present invention, including base, the machine table on base, and be located above machine table and by three The processing dynamics head of axis power mechanism driving, which is characterized in that further include above-mentioned plate handling equipment;The hopper is located at The side of machine table;The processing dynamics head is that multiple, described suction tools is also multiple groups.
The loading and unloading method of plate of the present invention, using plate handling equipment above-mentioned, by plate to be processed and machined Plate is set to the same hopper, and is bordering on and vertically puts;When plate plate to be processed is sucked in the suction tool of swinging frame, rises to and set When determining height, then moving Working position, while swinging frame rotates in the forward direction about 90 degree, and plate is in be bordering on horizontal direction and plate to be processed Material is located above swinging frame;After machined plate is sucked, swinging frame rises and drops to machining position again after reversely rotating about 180 degree It sets, plate to be processed is released to Working position;Swinging frame is moved horizontally to the machined plate material area of hopper again, and swinging frame is same Step rotates in the forward direction about 90 degree, discharges in machined plate to hopper
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that: the swing arm configuration that the oscillating deck that the present invention uses is constituted, Intensity is high, is unlikely to deform or shakes.It is equipped with the mounting hole of long strip type directly on oscillating deck, for installing vacuum slot, saves Rotating block this technical characteristic, it is not only at low cost, and be easily installed and safeguard.Using four rack-and-pinion groups, pass through liter Oscilaltion campaign of the slide (or being lifting platform) relative to lifting fixing seat is dropped, and the 180 degree for changing into swing arm is reciprocating It swings.Reduce the purchase cost of servo motor.It is easily achieved the overall-in-one control schema of swing and lifting.
The invention will be further described in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of top view of the swinging frame for plate loading and unloading of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a kind of front view of the swinging frame for plate loading and unloading of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a kind of swinging frame for plate loading and unloading of the present invention with the top view for swinging power source;
Fig. 4 is a kind of swing type plate handling equipment of the present invention with the front view for swinging power source;
Fig. 5 is a kind of front view with ratchet rack gear group of swing type plate handling equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is a kind of ratchet rack gear group structure letter view of swing type plate handling equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is a kind of another visual angle ratchet rack gear group structure letter view of swing type plate handling equipment of the present invention Figure;
Fig. 8 is a kind of arrestment mechanism letter view of swing type plate handling equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is a kind of front view of machining center of the present invention;
Figure 10 is a kind of side view of machining center of the present invention;
Figure 11 to Figure 22 is the swinging frame movement that a kind of handling equipment swinging frame of machining center of the present invention grabs plate The schematic diagram of process and rack-and-pinion group working condition.
Specific embodiment
In order to more fully understand technology contents of the invention, combined with specific embodiments below to technical solution of the present invention into One step introduction and explanation, but not limited to this.
Such as the drawing that Fig. 1 to Figure 22 is the embodiment of the present invention.
A kind of swinging frame 10 for plate loading and unloading, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, the rotation of swinging frame 10 are connected in Mounting base 11, including rotating the swinging axle 12 coupled, and two pieces of oscillating decks 13 set on 12 one end of swinging axle with mounting base 11.Pendulum Movable plate 13 is towards outside at least provided with one group of suction tool 14 for drawing plate.The other end and swing power source 15 of swinging axle 12 pass Dynamic connection.Wherein, preferred scheme are as follows: two oscillating decks are symmetrical set, and the axis of swinging axle is the symmetrical of two oscillating decks Axis.
Tool 14 is inhaled for the electromagnetic type sucker for drawing the vacuum slot of smooth finish surface plate or for drawing magnetic conduction plate.
Oscillating deck 13 is equipped with the elongated mounting hole 131 axially extended, and the suction tool 14 is fixed on elongated mounting hole 131 It is interior.Gap is equipped between oscillating deck 13, for installing vacuum slot and its conduit or magnechuck and its conducting wire.
Swinging power source 15 is motor, oscillating cylinder or the oscillating oil cylinder being fixedly connected with mounting base 11.Motor swings gas Cylinder or oscillating oil cylinder are equipped with the output shaft with 12 driving coupling of swinging axle.
A kind of swing type plate handling equipment 20, as shown in Fig. 4 to Fig. 8, for by plate erect arrangement place and to The hopper 21 that plate and machined plate share, and the horizontal slide 23 set on 21 side of hopper are processed, it is sliding with horizontal slide 23 The horizontal sliding table 22 of dynamic connection, and the horizontal power mechanism 24 for driving horizontal sliding table 22 to move along feedstock direction.Level is sliding Platform 22 is equipped with lifting sliding rail 25, the mounting base 11 being slidably connected with lifting sliding rail 25, and moves up and down for drive installation seat 11 Lifting drive mechanism 26.Mounting base 11 is equipped with above-mentioned swinging frame 10.
One end that swinging axle 12 is distal to oscillating deck 13 is equipped with extension 121.Extension 121 is set there are four ratchet rack gear The ratchet of group 16.The side that horizontal sliding table 22 is distal to oscillating deck 13 is equipped with mounting rack 27, and the mounting rack 27 is equipped with single To the rack gear of rack-and-pinion group 16.Up and down motion of the mounting base 11 relative to horizontal sliding table 22, composition ratchet and rack gear Relative motion, by extension 121 to drive oscillating deck 13 back and forth to overturn, to realize feeding and the blanking of plate.
One end that hopper 21 is bordering on Working position is material position to be processed, for placing plate to be processed;It is distal to machining position The other end set is machined material position, for placing machined plate.Hopper 21 is lower than Working position.
Ratchet rack gear group 16 include be respectively separated be set to extension 121 the first ratchet 161, second it is unidirectional Gear 162, third ratchet 163 and the 4th ratchet 164, and successively with the first ratchet 161, the second ratchet 162, third ratchet 163, the 4th ratchet 164 are mutually matched the first rack gear 165, the second rack gear 166, third rack gear 167, the 4th rack gear 168.Second rack gear 166, the 4th rack gear 168 are set to extension 121 and are bordering on the side of Working position, described First rack gear 165, third rack gear 167 are set to extension 121 and the other side far from Working position.
First rack gear 165 and the 4th rack gear 168 are in identical lower installation position, second rack gear 166 and the 4th rack gear 168 are in identical upper installation position.Upper installation position is higher than lower installation position, required space when providing turning plate.
Uphill process of the swinging frame 10 after inhaling plate to be processed, the first ratchet 161 are nibbled with the first rack gear 165 It closes and 161 single-direction transmission of the first ratchet is to extension 121, drive swinging frame 10 to rotate in the forward direction substantially 90 degree, the 4th is unidirectional Gear 164 is engaged with the 4th rack gear 168 and the 4th ratchet 164 unidirectionally dallies and do not drive to extension 121.
Swinging frame 10 moves to Working position and draws after machined plate rises setting height again, on the swinging frame 10 continues When rising, the second ratchet 162 is engaged with the second rack gear 166 and 162 single-direction transmission of the second ratchet is to extension 121, is driven Movable pendulum moving frame 10 reversely rotates substantially 90 degree, and third ratchet 163 is engaged with third rack gear 167 and third ratchet 163 Unidirectional idle running does not drive to extension 121.
When declining behind the arrival of swinging frame 10 extreme higher position, third ratchet 163 is engaged with third rack gear 167 and third list To 163 single-direction transmission of gear to extension 121, swinging frame 10 is driven to reversely rotate substantially 90 degree, the second ratchet 162 and the Two rack gears 166 engage and the second ratchet 162 unidirectionally dallies and do not drive to extension 121.
After swinging frame 10 declines setting height, plate to be processed is placed in Working position, then is moved to and is bordering on hopper 21 When upper and lower discharge position, the 4th ratchet 164 is engaged with the 4th rack gear 168 and 164 single-direction transmission of the 4th ratchet extremely extends Portion 121, driving swinging frame 10 rotate in the forward direction substantially 90 degree, and the first ratchet 161 is engaged with the first rack gear 165 and first is unidirectional Unidirectionally idle running does not drive to extension 121 to gear 161.
Swinging frame 10 further includes single shoe brake mechanism 28, the friction pulley 281 set on 12 periphery of swinging axle, and acts on friction The brake shoes 282 (being driven by other power mechanisms) in 281 outside of wheel.Arrestment mechanism can also use brake holding structure: include setting In swinging axle periphery and for braking the anchor ear of swinging axle, and with the electromagnetic mechanism for driving anchor ear.
A kind of machining center, as shown in Fig. 9 to Figure 10, including base 30, the machine table 40 on base 30, and be located at The processing dynamics head 50 machine table 40 top and driven by three axis power mechanisms, further includes above-mentioned plate handling equipment 20. Hopper 21 is located at the side of machine table 40.Processing dynamics head 50 is that multiple, described suction tools 14 is also multiple groups.
Figure 11 to Figure 22 is that the handling equipment swinging frame of machining center grabs the process schematic of plate, dotted line table in figure The plate shown is plate to be processed, and the plate that solid line indicates is machined plate.
When extension 121 moves between the first rack gear 165 and the 4th rack gear 168, the first ratchet 161 and the 4th is single It is idle running to one of them of gear 164, the other is be engaged with rack, so that swinging frame 10 is overturn.Specifically, when lifting is dynamic When force mechanisms 26 drive swinging frame 10 to move upwards, the first ratchet 161 is engaged with the first rack gear 165, so that swinging frame 10 General 90 ° of overturnings clockwise, at this point, the 4th ratchet 164 dallies on the 4th rack gear 168.When lifting drive mechanism 26 drives When movable pendulum moving frame 10 moves downward, the 4th ratchet 164 engages in the 4th rack gear 168 and transmits power, and the first ratchet 161 dally on the first rack gear 165, at this point, the general 90 ° of overturnings clockwise of swinging frame 10.
When lifting drive mechanism 26 drives swinging frame 10 to move to the first rack gear 165 and third rack gear 167, the second rack gear 166 and when the 4th gap between rack gear 168, swinging frame 10 does not rotate, and arrestment mechanism 28 is fixed by outrigger shaft 121 at this time, and And horizontal power mechanism 24 drives 10 horizontal movement of swinging frame to 40 top of machine table.
When extension 121 moves between third rack gear 167 and the second rack gear 166, third ratchet 163 and the second list It is idle running to one of them of gear 162, the other is be engaged with rack, so that swinging frame 10 is overturn.Specifically, when lifting is dynamic When force mechanisms 26 drive swinging frame 10 to move upwards, the second ratchet 162 engages transmitting power with the second rack gear 166, so that The general 90 ° of overturnings counterclockwise of swinging frame 10, at this point, third ratchet 163 dallies on third rack gear 167.Work as lifting drive When mechanism 26 drives swinging frame 10 to move downward, third ratchet 163 engages in third rack gear 167 and transmits power, and second Ratchet 162 dallies on the second rack gear 166, at this point, the general 90 ° of overturnings counterclockwise of swinging frame 10.
The invention also discloses the loading and unloading methods of plate, using plate handling equipment above-mentioned, by plate to be processed It is set to the same hopper with machined plate, and is bordering on and vertically puts;When plate plate to be processed is sucked in the suction tool of swinging frame, When rising to setting height, then moving Working position, while swinging frame rotates in the forward direction about 90 degree, plate in be bordering on horizontal direction and Plate to be processed is located above swinging frame;After machined plate is sucked, swinging frame rises and declines again after reversely rotating about 180 degree To Working position, plate to be processed is released to Working position;Swinging frame is moved horizontally to the machined plate material area of hopper again, Swinging frame synchronous forward rotates about 90 degree, discharges in machined plate to hopper.It is described as follows:
As shown in Figure 11 to 12, for swinging frame 10 after hopper 21 draws plate, lifting drive mechanism 26 drives swinging frame 10 The 21 scheduled position in top of hopper is risen to, at this point, the first ratchet 161 is engaged with the first rack gear 165, so that swinging frame 10 Certain angle (with vertical plane at 75 to 85 degree) was rotated clockwise, was spent so that plate tilts 75 to 85, at this time the height of plate It is slightly higher than machine table 40 to spend position.Horizontal power mechanism 24 drives horizontal horizontal sliding table 22 to transport towards 40 direction of machine table It is dynamic.
As shown in Figure 13-15, after swinging frame 10 drives plate to move to 40 top of machine table, plate to be made to be in water Level state, outrigger shaft 121 declines under the effect of lifting drive mechanism 26 between the first rack gear 165 and the 4th rack gear 168 at this time Segment distance, the 4th rack gear 168 are engaged with the 4th ratchet 164, and swinging frame 10 rotates clockwise a small distance, so that plate Material rotates 5 to 15 ° close to horizontality, and the first ratchet 161 is dallying at this time with the first rack gear 165.Then lifting is dynamic Force mechanisms 26 drive swinging frame 10 to continue to decline a small distance, and the suction nozzle that swinging frame 10 does not adsorb the other side of plate will add Manufactured plate is sucked on work platform 40, and rises to certain altitude (plate is in near-horizontal state), at this point, outrigger shaft Any movement is not done in 121 gap between two rack gears.Horizontal power mechanism 24 drives horizontal horizontal sliding table 22 far from processing 40 direction of platform movement, so that swinging frame 10 will not be touched in overturning with machine table 40.
As shown in Figure 16-19, swinging frame 10 continuously rises to certain altitude under the effect of lifting drive mechanism 26, with It is in outrigger shaft between third rack gear 167 and the second rack gear 166, the second ratchet 162 engages transmitting with the second rack gear 166 Power, so that the general 90 ° of overturnings (plate is in a vertical state) counterclockwise of swinging frame 10, at this point, third ratchet 163 is the It dallies on three rack gears 167.After outrigger shaft 121 rises to highest point, then decline under the effect of lifting drive mechanism 26, third list Transmitting power is engaged with third rack gear 167 to gear 163, the second ratchet 162 dallies on the second rack gear 166, swinging frame 10, which continue general 90 ° of overturnings, swinging frame 10 counterclockwise, is in horizontality, and outrigger shaft 121 is in the gap between rack gear at this time.
As shown in Figure 20-22, horizontal power mechanism 24 drives horizontal horizontal sliding table 22 to transport towards 40 direction of machine table Dynamic, lifting drive mechanism 26 drives swinging frame 10 to decline, and when plate to be processed is close to machine table 40, suction nozzle disconnects vacuum, allows Plate is fallen in machine table 40.After plate is placed in machine table 40, swinging frame 10 slightly rises a distance, then horizontal power Mechanism 24 drives horizontal horizontal sliding table 22 to move far from 40 direction of machine table.When swinging frame 10 is above hopper 21, lifting drive Mechanism 26 drives swinging frame 10 to decline, and outrigger shaft 121 moves between the first rack gear 165 and the 4th rack gear 168, the 4th unidirectional tooth Wheel 164 engages transmitting power in the 4th rack gear 168, and the first ratchet 161 dallies on the first rack gear 165, at this point, swinging The general 90 ° of overturnings clockwise of frame 10, processed plate is in a vertical state, then proceedes to the decline of swinging frame 10, and suction nozzle disconnects true Plate is placed on hopper one end by sky, completes the feeding and blanking of a plate.
In the other embodiments of a kind of swing type plate handling equipment of the present invention and machining center, it can not also use The swinging frame structure stated, but rotating bar, and the rotating block being mounted in the rotating bar are equipped in the mounting base, rotation The front and rear sides of block are mounted on the pick-and-place portion for picking and placing plate (as CN201520396790.X patent document Rotating bar and rotation block structure).Also just on the basis of CN201520396790.X patent document, reject rotating machine therein Structure (i.e. motor), and use the rack-and-pinion group of four single-direction transmissions of the invention instead, it is fallen with the liter using mounting base come band turn Lever carries out reciprocating overturning.Particular content are as follows:
A kind of swing type plate handling equipment, including be used for plate setting arrangement placement and plate to be processed and added The shared hopper of work plate, the horizontal slide set on hopper side, the horizontal sliding table being slidably connected with horizontal slide, and for driving The horizontal power mechanism that dynamic horizontal sliding table is moved along feedstock direction;The horizontal sliding table is equipped with lifting sliding rail, sliding with lifting sliding rail The mounting base of dynamic connection, and the lifting drive mechanism moved up and down for drive installation seat;The mounting base is equipped with rotating bar, And it is mounted on the rotating block in the rotating bar, the front and rear sides of rotating block are mounted on the pick-and-place portion for picking and placing plate.
Further, one end that the swinging axle is distal to oscillating deck is equipped with extension;The extension sets that there are four unidirectional The ratchet of rack-and-pinion group;The side that the horizontal sliding table is distal to oscillating deck is equipped with mounting rack, and the mounting rack is equipped with The rack gear of ratchet rack gear group;Up and down motion of the mounting base relative to horizontal sliding table, composition ratchet and rack gear Relative motion, by extension to drive oscillating deck back and forth to overturn, to realize feeding and the blanking of plate.
Further, one end that the hopper is bordering on Working position is material position to be processed, is distal to the other end of Working position For machined material position;The ratchet rack gear group includes being respectively separated the first ratchet for being set to extension, the second list It is unidirectional with the first ratchet, the second ratchet, third to gear, third ratchet and the 4th ratchet, and successively The first rack gear, the second rack gear, third rack gear, the 4th rack gear that gear, the 4th ratchet are mutually matched;Second rack gear, 4th rack gear is set to extension and is bordering on the side of Working position, and first rack gear, third rack gear are set to extension and separate The other side of Working position.
Further, the hopper is lower than Working position;First rack gear and the 4th rack gear are in identical lower installation Position, second rack gear and the 4th rack gear are in identical upper installation position;The upper installation position is higher than lower installation position, to provide Required space when turning plate;
Uphill process of the swinging frame after drawing plate to be processed, the first ratchet engage and the with the first rack gear One ratchet single-direction transmission drives swinging frame to rotate in the forward direction substantially 90 degree, the 4th ratchet and the 4th rack gear to extension It engages and the 4th ratchet unidirectionally dallies, do not drive to extension;
Swinging frame moves to Working position and draws after machined plate rises setting height again, and the swinging frame continues to rise When, the second ratchet is engaged with the second rack gear and the second ratchet single-direction transmission is to extension, and swinging frame is driven reversely to revolve Turn substantially 90 degree, third ratchet is engaged with third rack gear and third ratchet unidirectionally dallies, and does not drive to extension;
When declining behind swinging frame arrival extreme higher position, third ratchet is engaged with third rack gear and third ratchet list To extension is driven to, continue to drive swinging frame to reversely rotate substantially 90 degree, the second ratchet engages and the with the second rack gear Two ratchets unidirectionally dally, and do not drive to extension;
After swinging frame declines setting height, plate to be processed is placed in Working position, then is moved to and is bordering on the upper and lower of hopper When discharge position, in decline process, the 4th ratchet is engaged with the 4th rack gear and the 4th ratchet single-direction transmission is to extension, Driving swinging frame rotates in the forward direction substantially 90 degree, and the first ratchet is engaged with the first rack gear and the first ratchet unidirectionally dallies, Do not drive to extension.
Further, the swinging frame further includes arrestment mechanism;The arrestment mechanism includes being set to swinging axle periphery and use In braking swinging axle anchor ear, and with drive anchor ear electromagnetic mechanism.
A kind of machining center, including base, the machine table on base, and be located above machine table and by three axis power The processing dynamics head of mechanism driving, further includes above-mentioned plate handling equipment;The hopper is located at the side of machine table;It is described Processing dynamics head is that multiple, described suction tools is also multiple groups.
The structure of specific embodiment is referring to part corresponding with handling equipment and machining center in above-mentioned Fig. 4-22.
In conclusion the swing arm configuration that the oscillating deck that the present invention uses is constituted, intensity is high, is unlikely to deform or shakes.Directly It connects the mounting hole on oscillating deck equipped with long strip type and saves this technical characteristic of rotating block, not only for installing vacuum slot It is at low cost, and be easily installed and safeguard.Using four rack-and-pinion groups, by lift slide (or being lifting platform) relative to The oscilaltion campaign for going up and down fixing seat, changes into the reciprocating swing of 180 degree of swing arm.Reduce the buying of servo motor at This.It is easily achieved the overall-in-one control schema of swing and lifting.
It is above-mentioned that technology contents of the invention are only further illustrated with embodiment, in order to which reader is easier to understand, but not It represents embodiments of the present invention and is only limitted to this, any technology done according to the present invention extends or recreation, by of the invention Protection.Protection scope of the present invention is subject to claims.

Claims (10)

1. being used for the swinging frame of plate loading and unloading, the described swinging frame rotation is connected in mounting base, which is characterized in that including with peace Fill the swinging axle of seat rotation connection, and two pieces of oscillating decks set on swinging axle one end;The oscillating deck is towards outside at least provided with one Suction of the group for drawing plate has;The other end and swing power source driving coupling of the swinging axle.
2. a kind of swinging frame for plate loading and unloading according to claim 1, which is characterized in that suction tool for for Draw the vacuum slot of smooth finish surface plate or the electromagnetic type sucker for drawing magnetic conduction plate.
3. a kind of swinging frame for plate loading and unloading according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the oscillating deck is equipped with The elongated mounting hole axially extended, the suction tool are fixed in elongated mounting hole;It is equipped with gap between the oscillating deck, is used for Vacuum slot and its conduit or magnechuck and its conducting wire are installed.
4. a kind of swinging frame for plate loading and unloading according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the swing power source For the motor, oscillating cylinder or oscillating oil cylinder being fixedly connected with mounting base;Motor, oscillating cylinder or the oscillating oil cylinder is equipped with With the output shaft of swinging axle driving coupling.
5. a kind of swing type plate handling equipment, including for by plate erect arrangement place and plate to be processed with it is machined The shared hopper of plate, the horizontal slide set on hopper side, the horizontal sliding table being slidably connected with horizontal slide, and for driving The horizontal power mechanism that horizontal sliding table is moved along feedstock direction;The horizontal sliding table is equipped with lifting sliding rail, slides with lifting sliding rail The mounting base of connection, and the lifting drive mechanism moved up and down for drive installation seat;It is characterized in that, being set in the mounting base It has the right to require the described in any item swinging frames of 1-3.
6. a kind of swing type plate handling equipment according to claim 5, which is characterized in that the swinging axle is distal to pendulum One end of movable plate is equipped with extension;The extension sets the ratchet there are four ratchet rack gear group;The horizontal sliding table The side for being distal to oscillating deck is equipped with mounting rack, and the mounting rack is equipped with the rack gear of ratchet rack gear group;The mounting base phase Up and down motion for horizontal sliding table constitutes the relative motion of ratchet and rack gear, by extension to drive oscillating deck past Multiple overturning, to realize feeding and the blanking of plate.
7. a kind of swing type plate handling equipment according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the hopper is bordering on processing One end of position is material position to be processed, and the other end for being distal to Working position is machined material position;The ratchet rack gear group packet It includes and is respectively separated the first ratchet for being set to extension, the second ratchet, third ratchet and the 4th ratchet, And the first tooth being successively mutually matched with the first ratchet, the second ratchet, third ratchet, the 4th ratchet Article, the second rack gear, third rack gear, the 4th rack gear;Second rack gear, the 4th rack gear are set to extension and are bordering on Working position Side, first rack gear, third rack gear are set to extension and the other side far from Working position.
8. a kind of swing type plate handling equipment according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the hopper is lower than processing Position;First rack gear and the 4th rack gear are in identical lower installation position, and second rack gear and the 4th rack gear are in identical Upper installation position;The upper installation position is higher than lower installation position, required space when providing turning plate;
Uphill process of the swinging frame after drawing plate to be processed, the first ratchet is engaged with the first rack gear and first is single To gear single-direction transmission to extension, swinging frame is driven to rotate in the forward direction substantially 90 degree, the 4th ratchet is engaged with the 4th rack gear And the 4th ratchet unidirectionally dally, do not drive to extension;
Swinging frame moves to Working position and draws after machined plate rises setting height again, when the swinging frame continues to rise, the Two ratchets are engaged with the second rack gear and the second ratchet single-direction transmission is to extension, and swinging frame is driven to reversely rotate substantially 90 degree, third ratchet is engaged with third rack gear and third ratchet unidirectionally dallies, and does not drive to extension;
When declining behind swinging frame arrival extreme higher position, third ratchet is engaged with third rack gear and third ratchet unidirectionally passes It moves to extension, continues that swinging frame is driven to reversely rotate substantially 90 degree, the second ratchet is engaged with the second rack gear and second is single It unidirectionally dallies to gear, does not drive to extension;
After swinging frame declines setting height, plate to be processed is placed in Working position, then is moved to the material position up and down for being bordering on hopper When setting, in decline process, the 4th ratchet is engaged with the 4th rack gear and the 4th ratchet single-direction transmission is to extension, is driven Swinging frame rotates in the forward direction substantially 90 degree, and the first ratchet is engaged with the first rack gear and the first ratchet unidirectionally dallies, and is not passed It moves to extension.
9. a kind of machining center, including base, the machine table on base, and be located above machine table and by three axis engines The processing dynamics head of structure driving, which is characterized in that further include the described in any item plate handling equipments of claim 5 to 8;Institute State the side that hopper is located at machine table;The processing dynamics head is that multiple, described suction tools is also multiple groups.
10. the loading and unloading method of plate, using the described in any item plate handling equipments of claim 5 to 8, by plate to be processed Material and machined plate are set to the same hopper, and are bordering on and vertically put;Plate plate to be processed is sucked in the suction tool of swinging frame When, when rising to setting height, then moving Working position, while swinging frame rotates in the forward direction about 90 degree, and plate is in be bordering on level side To and plate to be processed be located above swinging frame;After machined plate is sucked, after swinging frame rise and reverse rotation about 180 degree again Working position is dropped to, plate to be processed is released to Working position;Swinging frame is moved horizontally to the machined plate of hopper again Expect area, swinging frame synchronous forward rotates about 90 degree, discharges in machined plate to hopper.
CN201810713121.9A 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 Swinging frame and device and machining center and loading and unloading method for plate loading and unloading Pending CN109015082A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810713121.9A CN109015082A (en) 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 Swinging frame and device and machining center and loading and unloading method for plate loading and unloading

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810713121.9A CN109015082A (en) 2018-06-29 2018-06-29 Swinging frame and device and machining center and loading and unloading method for plate loading and unloading

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112850060A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-28 广东成功自动化设备有限公司 VCP production line change material device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112850060A (en) * 2020-12-30 2021-05-28 广东成功自动化设备有限公司 VCP production line change material device

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