CN108995543A - A kind of overhead automatic charging system - Google Patents

A kind of overhead automatic charging system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108995543A
CN108995543A CN201710419849.6A CN201710419849A CN108995543A CN 108995543 A CN108995543 A CN 108995543A CN 201710419849 A CN201710419849 A CN 201710419849A CN 108995543 A CN108995543 A CN 108995543A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
charging
automatic
overhead
connector
automatic movement
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Pending
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CN201710419849.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨国森
杨敏骅
李嘉
廖利平
范文旭
赵鹏辉
高静静
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Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co Ltd
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Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co Ltd filed Critical Zhengzhou Yutong Bus Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710419849.6A priority Critical patent/CN108995543A/en
Publication of CN108995543A publication Critical patent/CN108995543A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T90/00Enabling technologies or technologies with a potential or indirect contribution to GHG emissions mitigation
    • Y02T90/10Technologies relating to charging of electric vehicles
    • Y02T90/16Information or communication technologies improving the operation of electric vehicles

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of overhead automatic charging systems, including for providing the charger of charge power supply, first overhead track of horizontal cross setting, and first the setting of guiding movement on overhead track the first automatic movement mechanism, be provided on first automatic movement mechanism one with charging mechatronics, for give lower section Vehicular charging charge connector, one for controlling the positioning device of the vehicle location to be charged for identification of driving mechanism that charge connector moves up and down and one;First automatic movement mechanism, driving mechanism and positioning device are also connected with the control power supply for energizing for them.The present invention drives charge connector to move from trend vehicle to be charged by the first automatic movement mechanism, and conducting and disconnection with vehicle busbar connector are realized by the lifting of control charge connector, without specially arranging personnel to plug charging plug manually, it can be achieved that more electric cars in station carry out concentration automatic charging.

Description

A kind of overhead automatic charging system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of charging system, in particular to a kind of overhead automatic charging system.
Background technique
The important vehicles of the automobile as modern society provide convenient, comfortable trip service for people.However, Conventional fuel oil vehicle can generate a large amount of pernicious gas in use, and exacerbate to non-renewable petroleum resources according to Rely.It is automobile-used using automobile power electrification as the New-energy electric vehicle rapid technological improvement of main feature since the new century Energy storage technology is constantly progressive, and how to realize the charging of electric car become electric car promote and apply in one it is urgently to be resolved Problem.
Existing common charging unit is usually arranged as console mode, and when vehicle needs to charge, vehicle parking is being set Charging station place, plug charging plug manually to realize the charging of charging unit and vehicle.Such charging unit is due to setting On the ground, occupied area is relatively large, and since charging process needs artificial participation, the degree of automation is not high.
Notification number is that the Chinese patent of 204947654 U of CN discloses a kind of intelligent charger, which will move Dynamic charger and charging plug are arranged on a movement mechanism, and the movement mechanism can be carried out along the track above garage It is mobile, to realize to the Vehicular charging on multiple parking stalls below track.It is arranged on fixed bracket due to track, it can be real The space of existing mobile charger and charging plug is mobile, not only can satisfy the charge requirement of more electric cars, but also save Occupied area.But during Vehicular charging, it is desired nonetheless to pull down charging plug from track, then insert charging Head insertion vehicle;After charging complete, charging plug is extracted.This process is not convenient enough by manually completing, and is also easy to make At safety accident.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of overhead automatic charging systems, for solving to more electric cars in station When carrying out concentrating charging, needs to be manually operated this technical problem, further solve since vehicle parking position deviation is larger Or vehicle size difference cause charging unit that cannot well contact with Vehicular charging interface so that charge it is unreliable or even can not The problem of charging normal.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides a kind of overhead automatic charging systems, including for providing charging The charger (2) of power supply, horizontal cross setting the first overhead track (1) and the first overhead track (1) on be oriented to move The first automatic movement mechanism (5) of setting is moved, is provided with one and the charger on the first automatic movement mechanism (5) (2) charge connector being electrically connected, for giving lower section Vehicular charging, one moves up and down for controlling the charge connector Driving mechanism and a vehicle location to be charged for identification positioning device (12);The first automatic movement mechanism (5), the driving mechanism and the positioning device (12) are also connected with the control power supply for energizing for them.
Further, the charger (2) is electrically connected by cable with the charge connector.
Further, the charging system further include an extending direction and the first overhead track (1) direction it is consistent, It is wholely set with the first overhead track (1) or the first electric conductor of bus-type (16) of split settings, the described first automatic movement Mechanism (5) is equipped with the first power-taking connector (19), first power-taking connector (19) and the first electric conductor of bus-type (16) Mobile conductive cooperation;The charger (2) is electrically connected with first electric conductor of bus-type (16), first power-taking connector (19) it is electrically connected with the charge connector.
Further, the control power supply by cable and the described first automatic movement mechanism (5), the driving mechanism and Positioning device (12) electrical connection.
Further, the control power supply is electrically connected with first electric conductor of bus-type (16), and described first takes and be electrically connected Device (19) is connect also to be electrically connected with the described first automatic movement mechanism (5), the driving mechanism and positioning device (12).
Further, which further includes the second overhead rail being arranged on the described first automatic movement mechanism (5) Road (15), guiding movement is provided with the second automatic movement mechanism (14), second overhead on the second overhead track (15) Track (15) and first overhead track (1) horizontal cross are configured so that the described second automatic movement mechanism (14) described second Length travel is realized under the guiding role of overhead track (15);The charge connector, driving mechanism and positioning device (12) Pass through the second overhead track (15) being arranged on the described first automatic movement mechanism (5) and the second automatic movement mechanism (14) it is arranged on the described first automatic movement mechanism (5);The second automatic movement mechanism (14) connects the control power supply.
Further, the charging system further include an extending direction and the first overhead track (1) direction it is consistent, It is wholely set with the first overhead track or the first electric conductor of bus-type (16) of split settings, the first automatic movement mechanism (5) the first power-taking connector (19) are equipped with, first power-taking connector (19) and the first electric conductor of bus-type (16) are mobile Conduction cooperation;The charger (2) is electrically connected with first electric conductor of bus-type (16);
The first automatic movement mechanism (5) is equipped with an extending direction and the second overhead track (15) direction one Cause and the second overhead track (15) is wholely set or the second electric conductor of bus-type of split settings, and described second certainly Dynamic movement mechanism (14) are equipped with the second power-taking connector, and second power-taking connector is led with the movement of the second electric conductor of bus-type It is electrically mated;First power-taking connector (19) is electrically connected with second electric conductor of bus-type, second power-taking connector It is electrically connected with the charge connector.
Further, the control power supply is electrically connected with first electric conductor of bus-type (16), and described first takes and be electrically connected Device (19) is connect to be electrically connected with the first automatic movement mechanism (5);Second power-taking connector and the described second automatic movement mechanism (14), the driving mechanism and positioning device (12) electrical connection.
Further, the charging system further include an extending direction and the first overhead track (1) direction it is consistent, It is wholely set with the first overhead track or the first electric conductor of bus-type (16) of split settings, the first automatic movement mechanism (5) the first power-taking connector (19) are equipped with, the first power-taking connector (19) and the first electric conductor of bus-type (16) are mobile conductive Cooperation;The charger (2) is electrically connected with first electric conductor of bus-type (16);First power-taking connector (19) passes through Cable connection charge connector.
Further, the control power supply is electrically connected with first electric conductor of bus-type (16), and described first takes and be electrically connected It connects device (19) to be electrically connected with the first automatic movement mechanism (5), first power-taking connector (19) is also by described in cable connection Second automatic movement mechanism (14), the driving mechanism and positioning device (12).
Further, the charge connector is pantograph, trolley pole or charging plug.
Further, the positioning device (12) be infrared positioning apparatus, laser locating apparatus, radar fix device or Vision positioning device.
Further, the charger (2) includes for the carrier communication mould with Vehicular battery management system handshake communication Block (10), the carrier communication module (10) are used to make the charging connect with after the success of Vehicular battery management system handshake communication Connect device energization.
Further, the described first automatic movement mechanism (5) is the rolling movement mechanism or sliding walking for rolling walking Sliding motion mechanism;The second automatic movement mechanism (14) is the rolling movement mechanism for rolling walking or the sliding of sliding walking Movement mechanism.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
First automatic movement mechanism drives charge connector, driving mechanism and positioning device to be arranged along horizontal cross First overhead track is moved, and vehicle location is positioned using positioning device, when the first automatic movement mechanism is moved on vehicle When the suitable position of side, driving mechanisms control charge connector, which is moved down, to be connect with Vehicular charging interface to Vehicular charging;? After charging complete, driving mechanisms control charge connector is moved up;First automatic movement mechanism drives charge connector, driving Mechanism and positioning device are mobile to the next electric car to charge, to realize more electric cars in station Carry out concentration automatic charging;Entire charging process can be automatically performed, and not need to be manually operated, and charging is convenient and safe.
Since overhead automatic charging system of the invention needs two-way power supply: it is charge power supply all the way, is provided by charger, For being Vehicular charging by charge connector;Another way is control power supply, for moving, driving for the first automatic movement mechanism Mechanism controls and positioning device positioning provide electric energy.
The technical effect of power supply mode is mainly introduced below:
By setting extending direction and consistent the first electric conductor of bus-type of the first overhead orbital direction, and it is automatic first First power-taking connector is set on movement mechanism;Charger passes through the first electric conductor of bus-type and the first power-taking connector and charging Connector electrical connection, avoids and needs the phenomenon that arranging long cable between charger and charge connector;Wherein, bus-type first Electric conductor can be also possible to be wholely set, it might even be possible to be first overhead track itself with the first overhead track split settings.
Similarly, control power supply can also realize power supply by above-mentioned the first electric conductor of bus-type and the first power-taking connector, Avoid the problem of being routed over long distances.
Further, by the way that the second overhead track, the second overhead track and first are arranged on the first automatic movement mechanism The setting of overhead track horizontal cross, guiding movement is provided with the second automatic movement mechanism on the second overhead track, charge connector, Driving mechanism and positioning device are arranged on the second automatic movement mechanism;During the charging process, the first automatic movement mechanism band Dynamic second automatic movement mechanism and charge connector, driving mechanism and the positioning device being arranged on the second automatic movement mechanism It is moved along the first overhead track, after being moved to certain position, then by the second automatic movement mechanism drive charging connection Device, driving mechanism and positioning device are moved along the second overhead is rail-guided, and charge connector passes through in horizontal cross and level There is displacement in longitudinal both direction, the motion mode of this various dimensions can more perfectly realize charge connector to vehicle Positioning, effectively prevent when vehicle specification is of different sizes or vehicle position difference in library causes charge connector good Vehicular charging interface is touched well and leads to not the phenomenon that charging normal.
Further, consistent by setting extending direction and the first overhead orbital direction, integrated with the first overhead track It is arranged or the first electric conductor of bus-type of split settings, and the first power-taking connector is set on the first automatic movement mechanism; Extending direction is set and the second overhead orbital direction is consistent and the second overhead track is wholely set or the bus of split settings The second electric conductor of formula, and the second power-taking connector is equipped on the second automatic movement mechanism, charger is led by bus-type first Electric body, the first power-taking connector, the second electric conductor of bus-type and the second power-taking connector are electrically connected with charge connector, are avoided The phenomenon that arranging longer wire lead is needed between charger and charge connector.
Similarly, control power supply can also pass through above-mentioned the first electric conductor of bus-type, the first power-taking connector, bus-type second Electric conductor and the second power-taking connector realize power supply, avoid the problem of being routed over long distances.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of overhead automatic charging system first embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the circuit structure diagram between charger, control power supply and the first electric conductor of bus-type;
Fig. 3 be in overhead automatic charging system first embodiment the first automatic movement mechanism, pantograph and positioning device it Between structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is structural schematic diagram of the first automatic movement mechanism (using running on wheels mode) with the first overhead track;
Fig. 5 is the work flow diagram of overhead automatic charging system;
Fig. 6 is the top view of the structural schematic diagram of overhead automatic charging system second embodiment;
Fig. 7 is the front view of the structural schematic diagram of overhead automatic charging system second embodiment.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing and specific embodiment describes to the present invention in detail.
Overhead automatic charging system first embodiment:
The structural schematic diagram of the overhead automatic charging system is as shown in Figure 1, the charging system includes the extension along bracket First overhead track 1 of direction horizontal cross setting, charger 2, the first automatic movement mechanism 5, setting move automatically first In mechanism 5 for lower section Vehicular charging charge connector, for control the driving mechanism that charge connector moves up and down with And the positioning device 12 (not providing positioning device in Fig. 1) of identification vehicle location to be charged.Wherein, bracket is according to vehicle parking position It sets and is arranged, horizontal cross is equipped with the first overhead track 1 on bracket, and the shape of the first overhead track 1 is not fixed, for example, can Think linear type, shaped form etc..First automatic movement mechanism 5 can be automatically along the first overhead track 1 being arranged on bracket It is moved, charge connector, driving mechanism and positioning device 12, can be with by being arranged on the first automatic movement mechanism 5 The first automatic movement mechanism 5 moved along the first overhead track 1.The charge connector is electrically connected with charger 2, charging Connector is by being attached charging with the charging interface of vehicle below bracket, the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism and fixed The position electrical connection control power supply of device 12.
Above scheme includes duplex feeding power supply altogether: being the charge power supply provided by charger all the way, another way is to the The control power supply (control power supply is not drawn into Fig. 1) that one automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism and positioning device 12 are powered.
Wherein, charger 2 use console mode charger, the console mode charger can using fixed setting on the ground or It is equal multiple mounting modes on the shelf for be fixed on specific placement.When charger 2 is using console mode charger, 2 He of charger It can also be attached by long cable between charge connector, the length of cable should be according to charger 2 and filling at this time Maximum distance between electric connector is appropriately configured, to guarantee that in charge connector moving process, cable will not be because of Excessively tightens and break.
Similarly, for controlling power supply, control power supply is using the console mode control being not arranged on the first automatic movement mechanism 5 Power supply controls power supply and the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism and determines when controlling power supply using console mode control power supply It can also be attached by long cable between the device 12 of position.The control power supply can also be automatic using being fixed at first Mobile control power supply on movement mechanism 5, at this time the control power supply can with the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism and Positioning device 12 moves together, the control power supply can by shorter cable respectively with the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving machine Structure and positioning device 12 are attached.
In the present embodiment, in order to avoid charge power supply and control power supply power supply use long cable, using track power supply Mode.
Since control power supply is used on, driving mechanism driving charge connector mobile to the first automatic movement mechanism 5 move down Dynamic and positioning device 12 provides electric energy when positioning, and charge power supply is used to provide electric energy when charging to charge connector, controls Power supply and charge power supply are not to power simultaneously, and as shown in Figure 2,4, the present embodiment considers all to connect control power supply and charge power supply Onto same power supply rail, and pass through the isolation of diode realization power supply.
As shown in figure 4, one extending direction of setting and 1 direction of the first overhead track is consistent, and the first overhead track 1 one The first electric conductor of bus-type 16 of body setting, and first power-taking connector 19 is set on the first automatic movement mechanism 5, it fills Motor 2 is electrically connected with the first electric conductor of bus-type 16, and the first power-taking connector 19 is mobile conductive with the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 Cooperation, the first power-taking connector 19 are electrically connected with charge connector.
Certainly, above-mentioned the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 be also possible to extending direction it is consistent with 1 direction of the first overhead track, with First overhead track, 1 split settings, first electric conductor of bus-type 16 can also be served as in itself by the first overhead track 1.
Similarly, in the present embodiment, control power supply is divided by bus-type the first electric conductor 16 and the first power-taking connector 19 It Lian Jie not the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism and positioning device 12.It is, control power supply and bus-type first are conductive Body 16 is conductively connected, and the first power-taking connector 19 is electrically connected with the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism and positioning device 12 respectively It connects.
It should be noted that when charger 2 is using bus-type the first electric conductor 16 and the first power-taking connector 19 and charging Connector is powered connection, while controlling power supply and also using bus-type the first electric conductor 16 and the first power-taking connector 19 and When one automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism and positioning device 12 are powered connection, as shown in Fig. 2, control power supply and bus-type Connect a diode D1 between first electric conductor 16, for reversely cut-off to control electricity during charger 2 gives Vehicular charging Source, it is, when need to provide charge power supply by charger 2 charge to vehicle when, charger 2 and bus-type first at this time Electric conductor 16 is connected, and provides charge power supply by the first electric conductor of bus-type 16, since the charging voltage that charger 2 provides is higher than control The voltage of power supply processed, control reversal of power cut-off;When charger 2 does not charge to vehicle, charger 2 and bus-type first Electric conductor 16 disconnects, and control power supply and the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 are connected, and supplies electricity to the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving machine Structure and positioning device 12.Between charger 2 and the first electric conductor of bus-type 16, it is also in series with a diode D2.
As shown in Figure 1, being provided with carrier communication module 10 in charger 2, charger carrier communication module 10 passes through vehicle Carrier communication module 13 is communicated with the battery management system BMS 11 of vehicle 4, charger carrier communication module 10 and vehicle Carrier communication module 13 specifically can also use Wi- using dedicated communication pole plate or connection progress wire communication Fi, bluetooth (Bluetooth), ZigBee or other wireless communication modes carry out wireless communication.
Specifically, in the present embodiment, above-mentioned charge connector is pantograph 8.Traditional pantograph is arranged in vehicle On, when vehicle is charged, contacted by control rising bow with charge power supply to receive electric energy and realize charging;It is filling After the completion of electricity, control pantograph drop bow.Pantograph herein is actually a kind of inverted pantograph, the pantograph directly with fill Power supply connection is contacted with the charging interface of vehicle by control drop bow when vehicle is charged and authorizes electric energy Realize charging;After charging complete, pantograph rising bow is controlled.Since the pantograph is similar with the structure of traditional pantograph, only It is only installation site difference, therefore the structure of pantograph is no longer described in detail.In addition, above-mentioned charge connector can also be with Using trolley pole, charging plug either other can be realized automatically and Vehicular charging interface under the driving of driving mechanism Conducting and disconnection equipment.
Fig. 3 gives the structural schematic diagram between the first automatic movement mechanism 5, pantograph 8 and positioning device 12, In, as shown in figure 4, the first automatic movement mechanism 5 is the rolling movement mechanism for rolling walking, wheel 17 can be along the first top It is mobile to set track 1, wheel shaft 18 can contribute to balance of the wheel 17 in moving process.In the wheel of the first automatic movement mechanism 5 In sub 17 moving process, realize bus-type the first electric conductor 16 and the mobile conductive cooperation of the first power-taking connector 19, charger 2 with The first electric conductor of bus-type 16 is electrically connected, and the first power-taking connector 19 is electrically connected with charge connector.
As other embodiments, it might even be possible to realize the movement of the first automatic movement mechanism 5 by wheel 17 itself, also It realizes and the first power-taking connector 19, the conduction of the first electric conductor of bus-type 16.Certainly, the first automatic movement mechanism 5 can also be with For other rolling movement mechanisms either sliding motion mechanism, for realizing the first automatic movement mechanism 5 along the first overhead rail Road 1 is rolled or is slided walking.For example, the running gear of the first automatic movement mechanism 5 can use running on wheels, chain Item/belt transmission walking, linear motor walking or other forms walking mechanism.Due to the structure of the first automatic movement mechanism 5 Setting belongs to the prior art, is no longer described in detail herein.
In above embodiment, the first automatic 5 lower surface of movement mechanism is provided with positioning device 12, which is Infrared positioning apparatus, laser locating apparatus, radar fix device, vision positioning device or other forms positioning device, be used for Position the position of vehicle to be charged.The specific structure of positioning device 12 and how to position vehicle location and belongs to the prior art, It is no longer described in detail herein.
Pantograph 8 is also mounted at the lower surface of the first automatic movement mechanism 5.The pantograph 8 includes bow 9, and bow 9 is used for It is contacted with the charging interface i.e. busbar connector 6 for being mounted on roof to vehicles energy accumulating system such as battery, super capacitor or to be Super capacitor+battery charges.Wherein, the structure of pantograph 8 is unrestricted, can for any bow shape and structure or other The current collecting equipment of form, the specific installation site on the first automatic movement mechanism 5, which also can according to need, to be adjusted.When So, the installation site of busbar connector 6 is not limited to roof location on vehicle, also may be mounted at the side or bottom of vehicle, this When pantograph 8 by structural adjustment, may be implemented to be reliably connected with busbar connector.In addition, on the first automatic movement mechanism 5 also It is provided with the voltage for monitoring pantograph 8 and the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 and monitoring pantograph 8 and bus-type first is led The voltage and current detecting unit of the electric current of electric body 16, when the electric current of pantograph 8 or the first electric conductor of bus-type 16, voltage appearance are different Chang Shi can disconnect charging connection, be equal to GB/T18487.1-2015, the connector failure stopping in GB/T27930-2015 And sudden-stop function, details are not described herein again for concrete implementation process.
In addition, the first automatic movement mechanism 5 is in the process of moving, can be set as every time a mobile parking stall away from From then determining the positioning for realizing whether there is or not vehicle vehicle to be charged on parking stall by positioning device 12;It is also possible to known Under the premise of vehicle location to be charged, the first automatic movement mechanism 5 moves directly to vehicle to be charged by positioning device 12 Position corresponding to overhead support.
Below for being charged in Fig. 1 for the vehicle 4 on charging parking stall 3, the work of above-mentioned overhead automatic charging system Make flow chart as shown in figure 5, detailed process is as follows:
When vehicle, which goes back to field, to be needed to charge, corresponding parking stall is docked to, such as vehicle 4 docks to charging parking stall 3.It opens Above-mentioned overhead automatic charging system makes the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 charge (24VDC).Wherein, bus-type is given in the present embodiment The control power supply of first electric conductor 16 power supply can be provided by charger 2, can also be provided by other power-supply devices.The band goddess of lightning The automatic walking of movement mechanism 5 of the supply of the first electric conductor of wire type 16 first, positioning device 12 position target vehicle and driving mechanism Control the power supply that pantograph 8 is gone up and down.The first automatic movement mechanism 5 can be moved along the first overhead track 1 on bracket at this time, and Pass through the target vehicle 4 in the automatic positioning of positioning device 12 to charging parking stall 3.
Overhead automatic charging system judges whether to reach drop bow condition, which bends condition are as follows: automatic positioning equipment with wait fill Vehicle identification feature (infrared, laser, visual signature etc.) is interactive, has vehicle on Rule of judgment 1, the charge position and vehicle is target carriage ?;Condition 2, the stop error of vehicle meet pantograph or other charging interface device fault tolerance requirements;If not up to drop bow condition, Overhead automatic charging system then sequentially navigates to next vehicle to be charged.If reaching drop bow condition, driving mechanisms control is by electricity 8 drop bow of bow, makes bow 9 contact the roof busbar connector of vehicle 4, the confirmation of charger 2 at this time is connect with vehicle 4, and charger 2 is by filling Motor carrier communication module 10 and vehicle carrier communication module 13 according to GB/T 27930-2015 standard and vehicle BMS 11 Carrying out shake communication.If communication is abnormal, 8 rising bow of driving mechanisms control pantograph, and the reason of store rising bow.If communication is normal, After the completion of carrying out shake communication, the charge parameter that charger 2 is requested according to vehicle BMS 11 charges to vehicle 4.
After charging complete either manual termination, vehicle BMS 11 passes through vehicle carrier communication module 13, charger carrier wave Communication module 10 sends charging complete instruction to charger 2, and charger 2 stops charging.Voltage and current detecting unit monitors bus After the first electric conductor of formula 16 and the electric current in pantograph 8, voltage drop to the condition for allowing rising bow, driving mechanisms control pantograph 8 Rising bow, and the reason of store rising bow, 4 charging complete of vehicle, charging and vehicle interlocking release.Meanwhile the first automatic movement mechanism 5 Next vehicle to be filled, such as vehicle 7 are sequentially positioned by positioning device 12, repeats the above process and charges for it.If in vehicle 4 After charging complete, the first automatic movement mechanism 5 has moved to the terminal of bracket, then shows that this wheel charging terminates.
Overhead automatic charging system second embodiment:
On the basis of first embodiment, second embodiment is formed, which includes the extending direction along bracket The first overhead track 1, the charger 2, the first automatic movement mechanism 5 of horizontal cross setting.It is arranged on first automatic movement mechanism 5 One the second automatic movement mechanism 14 and the second overhead track 15, on the second overhead track 15 guiding movement be arranged this second Automatic movement mechanism 14, the second overhead track 15 and 1 horizontal cross of the first overhead track are configured so that the second automatic fitness machine Structure 14 realizes length travel under the guiding role of the second overhead track 15.Use is provided on the second automatic movement mechanism 14 In to lower section Vehicular charging charge connector, for the charge connector of lower section Vehicular charging and to be charged for identification The positioning device 12 of vehicle location.Wherein, charge connector is electrically connected with charger 2, and for obtaining rechargeable electrical energy, first is automatic Movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism, positioning device 12 and the second automatic movement mechanism 14 and control power electric connection.
Compared with first embodiment, charge connector, driving mechanism and positioning device 12 are automatic first by setting The second overhead track 15 and the second automatic movement mechanism 14 on movement mechanism 5 are arranged on the first automatic movement mechanism 5.Also It is that the first automatic movement mechanism 5 is arranged on the first overhead track 1, and the second overhead track 15 is arranged in the first automatic fitness machine On structure 5, the second automatic movement mechanism 14 is arranged on the second overhead track 15, charge connector, driving mechanism and positioning dress 12 settings are set on the second automatic movement mechanism 14.
At this point, in order to realize being electrically connected between charger 2 and charge connector, between charger 2 and charge connector Cable connection can be directly used, in order to realize control power supply and the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism, positioning device 12 And cable and the first automatic movement mechanism also can be directly used in the second electrical connection between automatic movement mechanism 14, control power supply 5, driving mechanism, positioning device 12 and the second automatic movement mechanism 14 are electrically connected.
As first embodiment, can be set an extending direction and 1 direction of the first overhead track it is consistent, with first The first electric conductor of bus-type 16 that overhead track 1 is wholely set, and be arranged one first on the first automatic movement mechanism 5 and take electricity Connector 19, charger 2 are electrically connected with the first electric conductor of bus-type 16, the first power-taking connector 19 and the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 mobile conductive cooperations.At this point, the first power-taking connector 19 can be electrically connected using cable realization with charge connector.
Similarly, control power supply can also be electrically connected with the first electric conductor of bus-type 16, and the first power-taking connector 19 passes through electricity Cable is electrically connected with the first automatic movement mechanism 5, driving mechanism, positioning device 12 and the second automatic movement mechanism 14 respectively.
Scheme as a further improvement is additionally provided with an extending direction and second on the first automatic movement mechanism 5 The second electric conductor of bus-type that 15 direction of overhead track is consistent, is wholely set with the second overhead track 15, in the second automatic fortune Motivation structure 14 is equipped with the second power-taking connector, and the second electric conductor of bus-type is electrically connected with the first power-taking connector 19, and second takes Electric connector and the mobile conductive cooperation of the second electric conductor of bus-type, the second power-taking connector are electrically connected with charge connector.Due to The setting of second automatic movement mechanism 14, the second overhead track 15 and the second power-taking connector and the first automatic movement mechanism 5, The setting of first overhead track 1 and the first power-taking connector 19 is similar, and details are not described herein again.
Particularly, in the present embodiment, the second overhead track 15 and 1 square crossing of the first overhead track are arranged.At this point, top Top view and the front view for setting the structural schematic diagram of automatic charging system are as shown in Figure 6 and Figure 7.Certainly, the second overhead track 15 It should be adjusted according to the design conditions on parking stall with 1 horizontal cross facilities of the first overhead track.
Similarly, in order to avoid the first power-taking connector 19 by cable respectively with the second automatic movement mechanism 14, driving machine Structure and positioning device 12 are electrically connected, and are controlled power supply at this time and are electrically connected with the first electric conductor of bus-type 16, the second power-taking connector point It is not electrically connected with the second automatic movement mechanism 14, driving mechanism and positioning device 12.
Since the running gear setting of the second automatic movement mechanism 14 is identical as the setting of the first automatic movement mechanism 5, this Place repeats no more.
Likewise, as first embodiment, when charger and control power supply by the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 come When electric energy is provided, the diode D1 that connects between control power supply and the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 is needed, at this time charger 2, the circuit structure diagram controlled between power supply and the first electric conductor of bus-type 16 is as shown in Figure 2.
In a second embodiment, positioning device 12 should be able to not only position the position of vehicle to be charged, while should also It can recognize that the specific location of Vehicular charging interface, therefore positioning device 12 herein should have compared with first embodiment Higher positioning accuracy.
During the charging process, the first automatic movement mechanism 5 drives the second automatic movement mechanism 14, charge connector, driving Mechanism and positioning device 12 are moved along the first overhead track 1, after being moved to certain position, then by the second automatic movement Mechanism 14 drives charge connector, driving mechanism and positioning device 12 to be moved along the second overhead track 15.Due to second Embodiment is exactly that a second automatic movement mechanism 14 is increased on the basis of above-mentioned first embodiment along the second overhead track 15 is mobile, charge connector, driving mechanism and positioning device 12 can first along 1 coarse positioning vehicle location of the first overhead track, More finely positioning vehicle location is carried out further along the second overhead track 15, ensure that pantograph can be moved to suitable position It sets, carries out reliable contacts charging with vehicle.Due to the charging process in the charging process and above-described embodiment in the improvement project Identical, details are not described herein again.
The present invention solves the problems, such as that new energy vehicle carries out cluster charging, improves the convenience of electric car charging And economy.

Claims (14)

1. a kind of overhead automatic charging system, which is characterized in that horizontal horizontal including the charger (2) for providing charge power supply The first automatic fitness machine that guiding movement is arranged on the first overhead track (1) of setting and the first overhead track (1) Structure (5), be provided on the first automatic movement mechanism (5) one it is being electrically connected with the charger (2), for lower section The charge connector of Vehicular charging, one for controlling the driving mechanism and a use that the charge connector moves up and down In the positioning device (12) for identifying vehicle location to be charged;The first automatic movement mechanism (5), the driving mechanism and described Positioning device (12) is also connected with the control power supply for energizing for them.
2. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the charger (2) by cable with The charge connector electrical connection.
3. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the charging system further includes an extension Direction and the first overhead track (1) direction are consistent, are wholely set or the mother of split settings with the first overhead track (1) The first electric conductor of wire type (16), the first automatic movement mechanism (5) are equipped with the first power-taking connector (19), and described first takes Electric connector (19) and the mobile conductive cooperation of the first electric conductor of bus-type (16);The charger (2) and the bus-type first Electric conductor (16) electrical connection, first power-taking connector (19) are electrically connected with the charge connector.
4. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the control power supply passes through cable and institute State the first automatic movement mechanism (5), the driving mechanism and the positioning device (12) electrical connection.
5. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the control power supply and the bus-type First electric conductor (16) electrical connection, first power-taking connector (19) also with the described first automatic movement mechanism (5), the drive Motivation structure and positioning device (12) electrical connection.
6. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the charging system further includes being arranged in institute The second overhead track (15) on the first automatic movement mechanism (5) is stated, guiding movement is arranged on the second overhead track (15) Have the second automatic movement mechanism (14), the second overhead track (15) and the first overhead track (1) horizontal cross be arranged so that It obtains the second automatic movement mechanism (14) and realizes length travel under the guiding role of the second overhead track (15);It is described Charge connector, driving mechanism and positioning device (12) are described on the described first automatic movement mechanism (5) by being arranged Second overhead track (15) and the second automatic movement mechanism (14) are arranged on the described first automatic movement mechanism (5);Described Two automatic movement mechanisms (14) connect the control power supply.
7. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the charging system further includes an extension Direction and the first overhead track (1) direction are consistent, are wholely set or the bus of split settings with the first overhead track The first electric conductor of formula (16), the first automatic movement mechanism (5) are equipped with the first power-taking connector (19), and described first takes electricity Connector (19) and the mobile conductive cooperation of the first electric conductor of bus-type (16);The charger (2) is led with the bus-type first Electric body (16) electrical connection;
It is consistent with the second overhead track (15) direction that the first automatic movement mechanism (5) is equipped with an extending direction , be wholely set or the second electric conductor of bus-type of split settings with the second overhead track (15), described second is automatic Movement mechanism (14) is equipped with the second power-taking connector, and second power-taking connector and the second electric conductor of bus-type are mobile conductive Cooperation;First power-taking connector (19) is electrically connected with second electric conductor of bus-type, second power-taking connector with The charge connector electrical connection.
8. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the control power supply and the bus-type First electric conductor (16) electrical connection, first power-taking connector (19) are electrically connected with the first automatic movement mechanism (5);Described Two power-taking connectors are electrically connected with the described second automatic movement mechanism (14), the driving mechanism and positioning device (12).
9. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the charging system further includes an extension Direction and the first overhead track (1) direction are consistent, are wholely set or the bus of split settings with the first overhead track The first electric conductor of formula (16), the first automatic movement mechanism (5) are equipped with the first power-taking connector (19), and first takes electrical connection Device (19) and the mobile conductive cooperation of the first electric conductor of bus-type (16);The charger (2) and first electric conductor of bus-type (16) it is electrically connected;First power-taking connector (19) passes through cable connection charge connector.
10. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 9, which is characterized in that the control power supply and the bus The first electric conductor of formula (16) electrical connection, first power-taking connector (19) is electrically connected with the first automatic movement mechanism (5), described First power-taking connector (19) also passes through the second automatic movement mechanism (14), the driving mechanism described in cable connection and positioning dress Set (12).
11. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 1 to 10, which is characterized in that the charging connection Device is pantograph, trolley pole or charging plug.
12. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 1 to 10, which is characterized in that the positioning device It (12) is infrared positioning apparatus, laser locating apparatus, radar fix device or vision positioning device.
13. overhead automatic charging system according to claim 1 to 10, which is characterized in that the charger It (2) include for the carrier communication module (10) with Vehicular battery management system handshake communication, the carrier communication module (10) For making the charge connector be powered with after the success of Vehicular battery management system handshake communication.
14. the overhead automatic charging system according to any one of claim 6-10, which is characterized in that described first is automatic Movement mechanism (5) is the rolling movement mechanism for rolling walking or the sliding motion mechanism of sliding walking;Described second automatic movement Mechanism (14) is the rolling movement mechanism for rolling walking or the sliding motion mechanism of sliding walking.
CN201710419849.6A 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of overhead automatic charging system Pending CN108995543A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710419849.6A CN108995543A (en) 2017-06-06 2017-06-06 A kind of overhead automatic charging system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109552095A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-04-02 享奕自动化科技(上海)有限公司 Two-way charging pipette tips and automatic charging system
CN111267666A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-06-12 上海申沃客车有限公司 Centralized full-automatic top contact charging system and method for charging station

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109552095A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-04-02 享奕自动化科技(上海)有限公司 Two-way charging pipette tips and automatic charging system
CN111267666A (en) * 2020-04-09 2020-06-12 上海申沃客车有限公司 Centralized full-automatic top contact charging system and method for charging station

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