CN108972157A - Plate nesting method and cutter device - Google Patents

Plate nesting method and cutter device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108972157A
CN108972157A CN201811104258.0A CN201811104258A CN108972157A CN 108972157 A CN108972157 A CN 108972157A CN 201811104258 A CN201811104258 A CN 201811104258A CN 108972157 A CN108972157 A CN 108972157A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cutting
jacking
double
symmetrical
headed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201811104258.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨秀峰
杨伟锋
黄耀华
周立强
Original Assignee
中船黄埔文冲船舶有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 中船黄埔文冲船舶有限公司 filed Critical 中船黄埔文冲船舶有限公司
Priority to CN201811104258.0A priority Critical patent/CN108972157A/en
Publication of CN108972157A publication Critical patent/CN108972157A/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q39/00Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23DPLANING; SLOTTING; SHEARING; BROACHING; SAWING; FILING; SCRAPING; LIKE OPERATIONS FOR WORKING METAL BY REMOVING MATERIAL, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23D79/00Methods, machines, or devices not covered elsewhere, for working metal by removal of material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B63SHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; RELATED EQUIPMENT
    • B63BSHIPS OR OTHER WATERBORNE VESSELS; EQUIPMENT FOR SHIPPING 
    • B63B73/00Building or assembling vessels or marine structures, e.g. hulls or offshore platforms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q39/00Metal-working machines incorporating a plurality of sub-assemblies, each capable of performing a metal-working operation
    • B23Q2039/006Machines with multi-spindles

Abstract

The present invention relates to the technical fields of preparation of shipbody, disclose the nesting method and cutter device of a kind of plate, using hull port and starboard line of demarcation as symmetrical center line, it picks out about the symmetrical part of symmetrical centre, the qualified part automatic nest processing that will be singled out, generate jacking volume and cutting codes, the jacking volume and cutting codes of generation are subjected to numerical control programming, selection double-headed cutting machine is cut, in this way, for the qualified part picked out only need jacking be located at larboard or starboard one of them, then the good one of part of jacking is done on drawing can another jacking part about the image pattern of symmetrical center line, then two good parts of jacking are once cut into completion by double-headed cutting machine, reduce the number of jacking and cutting parts, improve the working efficiency of jacking and cutting, The period for shortening shipbuilding improves the efficiency of hull construction.

Description

Plate nesting method and cutter device

Technical field

The present invention relates to the technical fields of preparation of shipbody, more particularly to a kind of plate nesting method and cutter device.

Background technique

Number material be setting-out later process.Number material be exactly according to mold lofting offer data and data, by individuals of hull structure Expansion shape and various processes of the construction sign flag on plate, when jacking is blanking, some places in discharge Bad row or vacancy cause very big waste, can inside extract some small powders of different shapes again, i.e., in limited material It is as much as possible on area to be produced using material, stock utilization is improved, a kind of method of waste material is reduced.

Existing major shipyard is generally owned by area of computer aided hull construction system, and has at computer interactive graphics jacking Software is managed, numerical control jacking is realized, after completing the generation of setting-out and frame line of hull theory shaped wire, then carries out ship Body structural modeling is unfolded through Ship Structure part, into plate and profile database, is placed in ordered steel plate and is closed The arrangement of reason generates Numerical control cutting instruction.Current nesting method by the part of required jacking by number facilitate set and plate it In, traditional numerical control nesting method is all that the part of port and starboard is carried out to jacking, part symmetrical for port and starboard respectively to be also By the way of this separately jacking, but the cutting machine that scene uses is mostly double-headed cutting machine, and steel plate placement platform is also It is made by double-headed cutting machine, process is tedious for this separated jacking mode for port and starboard symmetrical component, virtually extends ship The period that oceangoing ship is built is unfavorable for improving the efficiency of hull construction.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of plate nesting method and cutter devices, can be same for port and starboard symmetrical component Shi Jinhang nest cutting shortens the period of shipbuilding, improves the efficiency of hull construction.

To solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of plate nesting method, includes the following steps:

S1, determine that the port and starboard of hull is chosen using port and starboard line of demarcation as symmetrical center line according to hull drawing Choosing is about the symmetrical part of symmetrical centre;

S2, the qualified part automatic nest that will be singled out processing, generate jacking volume and cutting codes;

S3, the jacking volume and cutting codes of generation are subjected to numerical control programming, double-headed cutting machine is selected to be cut.

Further, in above-mentioned steps S1, in body section drawing, the part selected is located at the same segmentation of hull In, and it is symmetrical about subsection hull port and starboard line of demarcation.

Further, the part is even number, and is evenly arranged on port and starboard.

Further, in above-mentioned steps S2, using computer interactive graphics jacking processing software to the symbol picked out The part of conjunction condition carries out automatic nest processing.

Same in order to solve the problems, such as, the present invention also provides a kind of cutter device, including workbench and double-headed cutting machine, institutes It states and cuts installation position there are two setting on workbench, center line symmetrical cloth of two cutting installation positions about the workbench Set, two cutting heads of the double-headed cutting machine be located at two it is described cutting installation position tops, the two of the workbench Side is equipped with sliding rail, and the sliding rail arranges that the double-headed cutting machine is slidably connected to described along the centerline direction of the workbench In sliding rail.

Further, the double-headed cutting machine includes mounting base and stabilizer blade, and the two of the mounting base are arranged in the stabilizer blade Side, the stabilizer blade are equipped with the pulley that can be slided in the sliding rail.

Further, the mounting base is equipped with the first adjusting knot for adjusting distance between two cutting heads Structure.

Further, each cutting head is equipped with for adjusting distance between the cutting head and the mounting base Second adjustment structure.

The present invention provides a kind of nesting method of plate, using hull port and starboard line of demarcation as symmetrical center line, selects Out about the symmetrical part of symmetrical centre, the processing of the qualified part automatic nest that will be singled out, generate jacking volume and The jacking volume and cutting codes of generation are carried out numerical control programming, select double-headed cutting machine to be cut, in this way, right by cutting codes In the qualified part picked out only need jacking be located at larboard or starboard one of them, then by good its of jacking In a part done on drawing about symmetrical center line image pattern can another jacking part, it is then that jacking is good Two parts once cut completion by double-headed cutting machine, reduce the number of jacking and cutting parts, improve jacking and cut The working efficiency cut shortens the period of shipbuilding, improves the efficiency of hull construction.

The present invention provides a kind of cutter device, including workbench and double-headed cutting machine, set on workbench there are two cutting peace Position is filled, the qualified part picked out according to plate nesting method is individually positioned on two cutting installation positions, double end Cutting machine is slided along sliding rail and is cut with realizing to the part on workbench, and the every operation of double-headed cutting machine once may be implemented It is cut while two parts, substantially increases cutting efficiency, shorten the period of shipbuilding, improve the effect of hull construction Rate.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the flow diagram of plate nesting method in the embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of cutter device in the embodiment of the present invention.

In figure, 1, workbench;2, double-headed cutting machine;3, part;101, sliding rail;201, cutting head;202, mounting base;203, Stabilizer blade;204, pulley.

Specific embodiment

With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, specific embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail.Implement below Example is not intended to limit the scope of the invention for illustrating the present invention.

In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that, term " on ", "lower", "left", "right", "top", "bottom" etc. indicate Orientation or positional relationship be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, be merely for convenience of description the present invention and simplification retouch It states, rather than the device or element of indication or suggestion meaning must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, Therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.

Referring to figs. 1 and 2, a kind of plate nesting method of the embodiment of the present invention is schematically showed, including such as Lower step:

S1, determine that the port and starboard of hull is chosen using port and starboard line of demarcation as symmetrical center line according to hull drawing Choosing is about the symmetrical part 3 of symmetrical centre, and generally, in body section drawing, the part 3 selected should be located at hull In same segmentation, and symmetrical about subsection hull port and starboard line of demarcation, in order to guarantee that the part 3 selected can be about in symmetrical Heart line is symmetrical, and the part 3 selected is even number, and is evenly arranged on port and starboard;

S2,3 automatic nest of qualified part that will be singled out processing, generate jacking volume and cutting codes, generally adopt Automatic nest processing is carried out to the qualified part 3 picked out with computer interactive graphics jacking processing software, is improved Jacking efficiency and jacking precision are reduced because of error brought by manual jacking;

S3, the jacking volume and cutting codes of generation are subjected to numerical control programming, double-headed cutting machine 2 is selected to be cut, due to Two parts on port and starboard are arranged symmetrically, and can be programmed and be cut by the same cutting codes.

Specifically, it using hull port and starboard line of demarcation as symmetrical center line, picks out symmetrical about symmetrical centre Part 3,3 automatic nest of the qualified part processing that will be singled out, generates jacking volume and cutting codes, by the jacking of generation Volume and cutting codes carry out numerical control programming, select double-headed cutting machine 2 to be cut, in this way, qualified for what is picked out Part 3 only need jacking be located at larboard or starboard one of them, then by the good one of part 3 of jacking on drawing Do about symmetrical center line image pattern can another jacking part 3, two good parts 3 of jacking are then passed through into double end Cutting machine 2 once complete by cutting, reduces the number of jacking and cutting parts 3, improves the working efficiency of jacking and cutting, contracts In the short period of shipbuilding, improve the efficiency of hull construction.

Referring to shown in Fig. 2, the embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of cutter device, including workbench 1 and double-headed cutting machine 2, It is set on workbench 1 there are two installation position is cut, two cutting installation positions are arranged symmetrically about the center line of workbench 1, and double end is cut Two cutting heads 201 of cutting mill 2 are located at the top of two cutting installation positions, and the two sides of workbench 1 are equipped with sliding rail 101, sliding Rail 101 arranges that double-headed cutting machine 2 is slidably connected in sliding rail 101 along the centerline direction of workbench 1, specifically, will be according to this The qualified part 3 that the plate nesting method that invention provides is picked out is individually positioned on two cutting installation positions, double end Cutting machine 2 is slided along sliding rail 101 and is cut with realizing to the part 3 on workbench 1, and the every operation of double-headed cutting machine 2 is primary Cutting while two part 3 may be implemented, substantially increase cutting efficiency, shorten the period of shipbuilding, improve ship The efficiency that body is built.

Further, double-headed cutting machine 2 includes mounting base 202 and stabilizer blade 203, two cutting heads 201 of double-headed cutting machine 2 It is arranged in mounting base 202, the two sides of mounting base 202 are arranged in stabilizer blade 203, and stabilizer blade 203 is equipped with and can slide in sliding rail 101 Pulley 204, slided in sliding rail 101 by the pulley 204 on stabilizer blade 203, to realize double-headed cutting machine 2 along workbench 1 Center line sliding cutting, further increases cutting efficiency.

In the present embodiment, it is equipped with first for adjusting distance between two cutting heads 201 in mounting base 202 and adjusts knot Structure guarantees cut quality, generally, the first adjustment structure includes guide rail to adapt to 3 cutting position of part on cutting installation position And guide wheel, guide rail arranges that guide wheel is mounted on cutting head 201 along the length direction of mounting base 202, sliding in guide rail by guide wheel The dynamic change to realize relative position between two cutting heads 201.Similarly, to make cutting head 201 adapt to cutting parts 3 Highly, each cutting head 201 is equipped with the second adjustment structure for adjusting distance between cutting head 201 and mounting base 202, and one As, the second adjustment structure includes the telescopic rod being arranged on cutting head 201, passes through the flexible to realize cutting head of telescopic rod The distance between 201 and mounting base 202 change.

It should be understood that various information are described in the present invention using term " first ", " second " etc., but these information It should not necessarily be limited by these terms, these terms are only used to for same type of information being distinguished from each other out.For example, not departing from the present invention In the case where range, " first " information can also be referred to as " second " information, and similar, " second " information can also be referred to as " first " information.

The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, several improvement and replacement can also be made, these are improved and replacement Also it should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of plate nesting method, which comprises the steps of:
S1, the port and starboard that hull is determined according to hull drawing select pass using port and starboard line of demarcation as symmetrical center line In the symmetrical part of symmetrical centre;
S2, the qualified part automatic nest that will be singled out processing, generate jacking volume and cutting codes;
S3, the jacking volume and cutting codes of generation are subjected to numerical control programming, double-headed cutting machine is selected to be cut.
2. plate nesting method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that in above-mentioned steps S1, in body section drawing In, the part selected is located in the same segmentation of hull, and symmetrical about subsection hull port and starboard line of demarcation.
3. plate nesting method as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that the part is even number, and is evenly arranged on larboard On starboard.
4. plate nesting method as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that in above-mentioned steps S2, using computer interaction Formula figure jacking processing software carries out automatic nest processing to the qualified part picked out.
5. a kind of cutter device, which is characterized in that including workbench and double-headed cutting machine, set on the workbench there are two cutting Installation position, two cutting installation positions are arranged symmetrically about the center line of the workbench, and two of the double-headed cutting machine Cutting head is located at the top of two cutting installation positions, and the two sides of the workbench are equipped with sliding rail, and the sliding rail is along institute The centerline direction arrangement of workbench is stated, the double-headed cutting machine is slidably connected in the sliding rail.
6. cutter device as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the double-headed cutting machine includes mounting base and stabilizer blade, institute The two sides that the mounting base is arranged in stabilizer blade are stated, the stabilizer blade is equipped with the pulley that can be slided in the sliding rail.
7. cutter device as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that the mounting base is equipped with for cutting described in adjusting two Cut the first adjustment structure of distance between head.
8. cutter device as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that each cutting head is equipped with for adjusting described cut Cut the second adjustment structure of distance between head and the mounting base.
CN201811104258.0A 2018-09-20 2018-09-20 Plate nesting method and cutter device CN108972157A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN110681924A (en) * 2019-10-31 2020-01-14 广船国际有限公司 Manufacturing process for end part of flat-bulb steel

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
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