Crayfish belt cleaning device that decaptitates
The invention belongs to the technical field of food processing, and particularly relates to a crawfish head removing and cleaning device.
Crayfish, also known as procambarus clarkii, crayfish red and freshwater crayfish. The shrimp meat is shaped like a shrimp, has hard shell, is a freshwater economic shrimp, is popular with people due to delicious meat taste, and forms absolute competitive advantage in local ecological environment due to omnivory, high growth speed and strong adaptability, so the shrimp meat is suitable for a large amount of artificial culture, and dishes of crayfish series are popularized.
However, an important reason why the crayfish is frequently exploded unsafely in recent years is insanitary during the manufacturing process, when the crayfish is manufactured, restaurants usually need to manually clean the crayfish, such as spitting dirty and removing mud, and the steps consume a lot of time and cost, so that a considerable part of merchants only can simply clean the crayfish, so that the crayfish carries a lot of pollutants, particularly the head of the crayfish is the position with the most heavy metal accumulation, and the crayfish still poses a threat to the bodies of eaters, and therefore, the overlong cleaning time and the overhigh labor cost become important factors influencing the sanitation manufacturing process.
To this end, we propose a crawfish deheading cleaning device to solve the above problems.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems and provides a crawfish head-removing and cleaning device which can quickly and effectively clean crawfish and automatically cut off the head of the crawfish.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: the utility model provides a crayfish belt cleaning device that decapitates, includes the organism, be equipped with the work groove of controlling the intercommunication on the organism, be equipped with in the work groove and be used for carrying out the clamping mechanism that fixes and dragging clamping mechanism left and right sides translation actuating mechanism to the crayfish, actuating mechanism's lower extreme and clamping mechanism's upper end fixed connection, the bottom in work groove is installed and is used for cooperating clamping mechanism and all sets up clean mechanism and excision mechanism on clamping mechanism's removal route, the bottom fixedly connected with in work groove is used for cooperating clamping mechanism's excision mechanism, excision mechanism is by actuating mechanism drive action, be equipped with in the organism and wash the mechanism, wash the mechanism and be connected with outside water supply equipment, wash the mechanism and be located clamping mechanism under.
In foretell crayfish belt cleaning device that decaptitates, clamping mechanism includes two pairs of support columns of fixed connection in the work tank bottom, and is every right the equal fixedly connected with slide rail in upper end of support column, the cooperation slides on the slide rail has the sliding block, two be connected with the horizontal pole between the sliding block, the lower extreme fixedly connected with of horizontal pole places the piece, the initial position of placing the piece is close to the edge of the left end or the right-hand member of work tank.
In foretell crayfish belt cleaning device that decaptitates, it includes the first splint of fixed connection at the horizontal pole lower extreme to place the piece, equal spacing post of fixedly connected with on the both ends lateral wall around the first splint, the cover is equipped with and carries out gliding snap ring on the spacing post, it is connected with the connecting plate to rotate on the one end lateral wall that first splint were kept away from to the snap ring, two the level is equipped with second splint between the connecting plate, both ends lateral wall rotates with the lateral wall of two connecting plates respectively around the second splint to be connected.
In foretell crayfish belt cleaning device that decaptitates, actuating mechanism is including setting up first cavity and the second cavity that just is located same horizontal plane in the organism, install first driving motor in the first cavity, first driving motor's drive shaft runs through to the second cavity in and coaxial coupling has the threaded rod, the other end and the second cavity inner wall of threaded rod rotate to be connected, and threaded rod parallel arrangement in slide rail, the movable block has been cup jointed to the screw thread on the threaded rod, the lower extreme fixedly connected with of movable block removes the post, the lower extreme that removes the post run through the bar opening and with the upper end fixed connection of horizontal pole, coaxial fixedly connected with reel on the threaded rod, fixed winding has many ropes on the reel, many the one end that the reel was kept away from to the rope all runs through the bar opening and with excision mechanism's upper end fixed connection.
In foretell crayfish belt cleaning device that decaptitates, wash the mechanism including setting up the intake chamber on organism one end lateral wall, fixed mounting has the water pump in the intake chamber, the vertical apopore that communicates about being equipped with two and the work groove on the one end inner wall of intake chamber, two sets of nozzles of work tank bottom fixedly connected with, one of them group nozzle is located between telescopic link and the first fixed block, and another group nozzle is located the second splint initial position under, fixedly connected with inlet tube on the one end lateral wall of organism, the inlet tube sets up with the intake chamber intercommunication, the one end that the organism was kept away from to the inlet tube is connected with outside water supply equipment.
In foretell crayfish device of decapitating, clean mechanism includes the first fixed block of fixed connection in the working tank bottom, the upper end fixedly connected with conveyer belt of first fixed block, fixedly connected with polylith stereoplasm brush board on the conveyer belt, the running direction of conveyer belt is parallel with the slide rail, the conveyer belt is located the below of second splint.
In foretell crayfish device of decapitating, excision mechanism includes many telescopic links of fixed connection in the working tank bottom, many the same diaphragm of upper end fixedly connected with of telescopic link, the upper end fixedly connected with blade of diaphragm, the upper end of diaphragm and the lower extreme fixed connection of many ropes.
Compared with the prior art, this crayfish belt cleaning device that decaptitates lies in:
1. the crayfish washing machine has the advantages that the driving mechanism, the clamping mechanism, the washing mechanism and the cleaning mechanism are matched, so that a plurality of crayfishes can be washed quickly and effectively at the same time, the labor cost of a restaurant can be reduced, the crayfishes are washed uniformly, and the crayfishes are not easy to leak to wash.
2. The cutting mechanism can cut off the head of the crayfish to prevent heavy metal contained in the crayfish from flowing into the soup, and saves the time for a cook to make the crayfish.
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of embodiment 1 of a crawfish deheading cleaning device provided in the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a second clamping plate of the crawfish de-heading and cleaning device provided by the invention;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged view of a portion A of FIG. 1;
FIG. 4 is a perspective view of embodiment 2 of a crawfish deheading cleaning device in accordance with the present invention.
In the figure, 1 machine body, 2 working grooves, 3 clamping mechanisms, 4 driving mechanisms, 5 cleaning mechanisms, 6 cutting mechanisms, 7 flushing mechanisms, 8 supporting columns, 9 sliding rails, 10 sliding blocks, 11 cross rods, 12 placing pieces, 13 first clamping plates, 14 limiting columns, 15 clamping rings, 16 connecting plates, 17 second clamping plates, 18 first cavities, 19 second cavities, 20 first driving motors, 21 threaded rods, 22 moving blocks, 23 moving columns, 24 winding drums, 25 ropes, 26 first fixing blocks, 27 conveyor belts, 28 hard hairbrush plates, 29 third cavities, 30 second driving motors, 31 turntables, 32 telescopic rods, 33 cross plates, 34 blades, 35 water inlet grooves, 36 water outlet holes, 37 nozzles, 38 water inlet pipes, 39 water pumps and 40 second fixing blocks.
The following examples are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention.
As shown in fig. 1-3, a crayfish head-removing cleaning device comprises a machine body 1, a left and right communicated working groove 2 is arranged on the machine body 1, a clamping mechanism 3 is fixedly connected to the bottom of the working groove 2, the clamping mechanism 3 comprises a clamping mechanism 3 which is fixedly connected to the working groove 2 and is arranged on a moving path of the clamping mechanism 3, and a driving mechanism 4 which drives the clamping mechanism 3 to move horizontally left and right, a sliding rail 9 is fixedly connected to the upper end of each pair of supporting columns 8, a sliding block 10 slides on the sliding rail 9 in a matched manner, the sliding block 10 is located among the supporting columns 8, a cross rod 11 is connected between the sliding blocks 10, a placing piece 12 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the cross rod 11, and the initial position of the placing piece 12 is close to the edge of the left end or the right.
Place a 12 and include first splint 13 of fixed connection in horizontal pole 11 lower extreme, equal spacing post 14 of fixedly connected with on the both ends lateral wall around first splint 13, spacing post 14 is cylindricly, the cover is equipped with and can carries out gliding snap ring 15 on the spacing post 14, be equipped with the bayonet socket that can supply spacing post 14 to remove on the snap ring 15, snap ring 15 rotates on keeping away from the one end lateral wall of first splint 13 and is connected with connecting plate 16, the level is equipped with second splint 17 between two connecting plates 16, the square hole of intercommunication about the bottom of second splint 17 is equipped with, can expose the belly of cray, only press from both sides the shrimp tail and the partial shrimp head of cray tightly, both ends lateral wall rotates with the lateral wall of two connecting plates 16 respectively around the second splint 17 and is connected.
The lower end of the driving mechanism 4 is fixedly connected with the upper end of the clamping mechanism 3, the driving mechanism 4 comprises a first cavity 18 and a second cavity 19 which are arranged in the machine body 1 and located on the same horizontal plane, a first driving motor 20 is installed in the first cavity 18, a driving shaft of the first driving motor 20 penetrates through the second cavity 19 and is coaxially connected with a threaded rod 21, the other end of the threaded rod 21 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the second cavity 19, the threaded rod 21 is arranged in the sliding rail 9 in parallel, a moving block 22 is sleeved on the threaded rod 21 in a threaded manner, the initial position of the moving block 22 is the same as the initial position of the placing part 12, a moving column 23 is fixedly connected with the lower end of the moving block 22, and the lower end of the moving column 23 penetrates through a strip-.
Coaxial fixedly connected with reel 24 on the threaded rod 21, fixed winding has many ropes 25 on reel 24, many ropes 25 keep away from reel 24 one end all run through the bar opening and with excision mechanism 6's upper end fixed connection, the bottom fixedly connected with of work groove 2 is used for cooperating clamping mechanism 3's clean mechanism 5, clean mechanism 5 includes fixed connection in the first fixed block 26 of work groove 2 bottom, the upper end fixedly connected with conveyer belt 27 of first fixed block 26, fixedly connected with polylith stereoplasm brush board 28 on the conveyer belt 27, stereoplasm brush board 28 is used for careful cleaning to the belly of cray, conveyer belt 27's operation direction is parallel with slide rail 9, conveyer belt 27 is located the below of second splint 17.
The excision mechanism 6 that is used for cooperation clamping mechanism 3 is installed to the bottom of work groove 2, excision mechanism 6 is driven by actuating mechanism 4 and moves, excision mechanism 6 includes many telescopic links 32 of fixed connection in work groove 2 bottom, the same diaphragm 33 of the upper end fixedly connected with of many telescopic links 32, many telescopic links 32 can keep diaphragm 33 stable, the upper end fixedly connected with blade 34 of diaphragm 33, blade 34 is vertical to be set up its edge of a knife upwards, blade 34 becomes 90 degrees angles with slide rail 9, blade 34 is located and places 12 opposite work groove 2 of initial position of piece, the upper end of diaphragm 33 and the lower extreme fixed connection of many ropes 25.
The machine body 1 is internally provided with a washing mechanism 7, the washing mechanism 7 is connected with external water supply equipment, the washing mechanism 7 is positioned under the clamping mechanism 3, the washing mechanism 7 comprises a water inlet groove 35 arranged on the side wall of one end of the machine body 1, a water pump 39 is fixedly arranged in the water inlet groove 35, two water outlet holes 36 vertically communicated with the working groove 35 are vertically arranged on the inner wall of one end of the water inlet groove 35, the bottom of the working groove 2 is fixedly connected with two groups of nozzles 37, one group of nozzles 37 is positioned between the telescopic rod 32 and the first fixed block 26, the other group of nozzles 37 is positioned under the initial position of the second clamping plate 17, the side wall of one end of the machine body 1 is fixedly connected with a water inlet pipe 38, the water inlet pipe 38 is communicated with the water inlet groove 35, one end of the water inlet pipe 38, which is far away from the machine body 1, is connected with the external water, and will not be described in detail herein.
In the invention, an operator arranges a plurality of crayfishes in sequence at the upper end of a second clamping plate 17, the bellies of the crayfishes face downwards, the backs of the crayfishes can be fully expanded under the extrusion of a first clamping plate 13, the operator rotates a plurality of clamping rings 15 to 180 degrees after the crayfishes are arranged, the clamping rings 15 drive a connecting plate 16 to rotate and displace, when the clamping rings 15 are tightly pressed against a limiting column 14 again, the first clamping plate 13 and the second clamping plate 17 are matched to clamp all the crayfishes, then a water pump 39 is started, water in a water inlet pipe 38 enters a water outlet hole 36 after passing through a water inlet groove 35, the water in the water inlet hole 36 washes the bellies of the crayfishes on the second clamping plate 17 for the first time through a nozzle 37 so as to clear impurities on the bellies, then a first driving motor 20 is started, the first driving motor 20 is started to drive a threaded rod 21 to rotate, the threaded rod 21 rotates to drive a moving block 22 to move, the moving block 22 is matched with the moving column 23 to enable the placing part 12 to integrally start moving, when the moving block moves to the cleaning mechanism 5, the conveying belt 27 rotates to drive the hard brush plate 28 on the conveying belt to perform first careful cleaning on the belly of the crayfish, the crayfish continues to move in the working groove 2 after the cleaning is completed, the winding drum 24 simultaneously winds the conveying rope 25 along with the rotation of the threaded rod 21, after the crayfish passes through another group of nozzles 37 for the second time again, the rope 25 winds and drives the transverse plate 33 to move upwards so that the blade 34 is in contact with the lower end of the first clamping plate 13 in an abutting mode, so that the head of the crayfish can be removed, then the first driving motor 20 rotates reversely, the crayfish starts to return in the working groove 2, and sequentially passes through the group of nozzles 37 for cleaning, the hard brush plate 28 and the other group of nozzles 37 for cleaning, then the operator rotates the clamping ring 15 again to enable the first clamping plate 13 and the second clamping plate 17 not to clamp the crayfish, so that the crayfishes can be completely taken down and replaced by new crayfishes to be cleaned for cleaning.
Referring to fig. 4, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that: cleaning mechanism 5 includes second fixed block 40 of fixed connection in work groove 2 bottom, be equipped with third chamber 29 in the second fixed block 40, the bottom fixedly connected with second driving motor 30 of third chamber 29, the drive shaft of second driving motor 30 runs through the top surface of third chamber 29 and extends to its outside, fixedly connected with carousel 31 in the drive shaft of second driving motor 30, many nylon burrs of upper end fixedly connected with of carousel 31, carousel 31 is located the below of second splint 17, second driving motor is prior art, do not do here and describe repeatedly.
The advantages of this embodiment over embodiment 1 are: conveyer belt 27 when cooperation stereoplasm brush board 28 clears up the cray belly, in two clear trips that make a round trip, always once the moving direction with second splint 17 is the same, it is different to lead to two clear effects, and simultaneously, it is clean difficult clean with the belly of cray to carry out to clean along second splint 17 moving direction, produce the dead angle easily, and second driving motor 30 rotates and drives 31 cooperation nylon burrs and rub cleanly with rotatory mode to the belly of cray, be difficult for producing the dead angle so that cleaner clear to the cray.
Although the terms of the machine body 1, the working groove 2, the clamping mechanism 3, the driving mechanism 4, the cleaning mechanism 5, the cutting mechanism 6, the flushing mechanism 7, the supporting column 8, the sliding rail 9, the sliding block 10, the cross bar 11, the placing member 12, the first clamping plate 13, the limiting column 14, the clamping ring 15, the connecting plate 16, the second clamping plate 17, the first chamber 18, the second chamber 19, the first driving motor 20, the threaded rod 21, the moving block 22, the moving column 23, the winding drum 24, the rope 25, the first fixing block 26, the conveyor belt 27, the hard brush plate 28, the third chamber 29, the second driving motor 30, the rotating disc 31, the telescopic rod 32, the transverse plate 33, the blade 34, the water inlet groove 35, the water outlet hole 36, the nozzle 37, the water inlet pipe 38, the water pump 39, the second fixing block 40, and the like are used more frequently, the possibility of. These terms are used merely to more conveniently describe and explain the nature of the present invention; they are to be construed as being without limitation to any additional limitations that may be imposed by the spirit of the present invention.