CN108963716B - Socket assembling machine - Google Patents

Socket assembling machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108963716B
CN108963716B CN201810740737.5A CN201810740737A CN108963716B CN 108963716 B CN108963716 B CN 108963716B CN 201810740737 A CN201810740737 A CN 201810740737A CN 108963716 B CN108963716 B CN 108963716B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conveying
shell
cylinder
grabbing
track
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810740737.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108963716A (en
Inventor
杨道救
Original Assignee
苏州市相城区黄桥工业园经济发展有限公司
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Priority to CN201810740737.5A priority Critical patent/CN108963716B/en
Publication of CN108963716A publication Critical patent/CN108963716A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108963716B publication Critical patent/CN108963716B/en

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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01RELECTRICALLY-CONDUCTIVE CONNECTIONS; STRUCTURAL ASSOCIATIONS OF A PLURALITY OF MUTUALLY-INSULATED ELECTRICAL CONNECTING ELEMENTS; COUPLING DEVICES; CURRENT COLLECTORS
    • H01R43/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining, or repairing of line connectors or current collectors or for joining electric conductors
    • H01R43/20Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing, assembling, maintaining, or repairing of line connectors or current collectors or for joining electric conductors for assembling or disassembling contact members with insulating base, case or sleeve

Abstract

The invention relates to the field of production of electrical sockets, in particular to a socket assembling machine. A socket assembling machine comprises a case, a wiring body conveying mechanism, a shell conveying mechanism, a jack body conveying mechanism, an assembling mechanism and a workpiece body output mechanism, wherein the wiring body conveying mechanism, the shell conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are arranged in the case; a workbench is arranged in the middle of the case, a working cavity is formed inside the case above the workbench, and the wiring body conveying mechanism, the shell conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are positioned in the working cavity and are arranged on the surface of the workbench; the output ends of the wiring body conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are sequentially arranged on a conveying path of the shell conveying mechanism; the socket assembling machine is stable in assembling quality, and can assemble the shell, the wiring body and the jack body automatically to obtain the socket.

Description

Socket assembling machine

Technical Field

The invention relates to the field of production of electrical sockets, in particular to a socket assembling machine.

Background

The socket of the electric appliance is the most main circuit communication component used in various electric appliances at present, and the circuit is communicated by the contact of the plug and the contact sheet in the socket. The socket comprises a shell, and a wiring body and a jack body which are arranged in the shell, and the traditional socket assembly is realized through manual operation. However, when the conventional electrical socket is assembled, the assembly is usually performed by a human hand; when mass production occurs, the assembly efficiency of manual operation is extremely low, and a large amount of labor force is consumed, so that the production efficiency of the electric appliance socket is greatly reduced. Therefore, how to change the current situation of manual assembly of the traditional electric socket is always a problem which is urgently needed to be solved by manufacturers of the electric socket.

Disclosure of Invention

In order to solve the above problems, an object of the present invention is to provide a socket assembling machine which has stable assembling quality and can automatically assemble a housing, a wire connecting body and a jack body to obtain a socket.

In order to achieve the purpose, the invention adopts the following technical scheme: a socket assembling machine comprises a case, a wiring body conveying mechanism, a shell conveying mechanism, a jack body conveying mechanism, an assembling mechanism and a workpiece body output mechanism, wherein the wiring body conveying mechanism, the shell conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are arranged in the case; a workbench is arranged in the middle of the case, a working cavity is formed inside the case above the workbench, and the wiring body conveying mechanism, the shell conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are positioned in the working cavity and are arranged on the surface of the workbench; the output ends of the wiring body conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are sequentially arranged on a conveying path of the shell conveying mechanism;

The shell conveying mechanism comprises a shell conveying frame, a shell feeding frame and a shell pushing assembly, wherein the shell feeding frame and the shell pushing assembly are arranged on the shell conveying frame; the shell conveying frame comprises a conveying table board and a shell conveying rail arranged on the conveying table board; the shell conveying track comprises a first shell track part, a second shell track part and a third shell track part, wherein the first shell track part, the second shell track part and the third shell track part are arranged on the conveying table surface, the first shell track part and the second shell track part are arranged on two sides of the conveying table surface in parallel, the first shell track part is longer than the second shell track part, and the third shell track part is connected to the downstream section of the first shell track part and is vertical to the first shell track part; a feed opening is formed between the second shell track piece and the third shell track piece; the shell feeding frame is fixed on the conveying table surface and comprises two feeding supports which are respectively arranged at the initial ends of the first shell rail piece and the second shell rail piece; the two feeding supports are oppositely provided with support grooves, and the two support grooves and the middle area thereof form a shell feeding track; the side wall of the feeding bracket is also provided with a reinforcing rib plate which is connected with the shell conveying frame; the shell pushing assembly comprises a shell pushing cylinder and a shell pushing piece arranged on the output end of the shell pushing cylinder, the shell pushing cylinder is fixed on the lower end face of the conveying table, and the shell pushing piece comprises a T-shaped plate in the pushing through hole and a push plate fixed above the T-shaped plate; the T-shaped plate is erected on the side wall of the material pushing through hole, the lower end of the T-shaped plate is connected with the output end of the shell pushing cylinder, and the upper end of the T-shaped plate is connected with the push plate;

The wiring body conveying mechanism comprises a wiring body transferring frame, a wiring body conveying table and a transverse moving pair which are arranged on the wiring body transferring frame, a lifting pair arranged on the transverse moving pair, a distance adjusting component arranged on the lifting pair, and a grabbing pair arranged on the distance adjusting component; the wiring body transferring frame comprises a guide sliding plate and support columns arranged at two ends of the guide sliding plate, two guide sliding rails are arranged on the guide sliding plate, and a first linear opening arranged along the rail direction of the guide sliding rails is arranged on the guide sliding plate between the two guide sliding rails; the wiring body conveying table is arranged on the supporting column, the wiring body conveying table is arranged in parallel with the guide sliding plate, a second linear opening parallel to the track direction of the guide sliding track is arranged on the wiring body conveying table, a blocking strip arranged along the linear direction of the second linear opening is arranged at the starting end of the second linear opening, and the blocking strip is positioned on the central line of the second linear opening; two guide cushion blocks are respectively arranged on the wiring body conveying tables on the two sides above the barrier strips, and a wiring body leading-in groove is formed between the two guide cushion blocks; the transverse moving pair comprises a transverse moving cylinder and a transverse moving plate arranged on the output end of the transverse moving cylinder; the two end parts of the transverse moving plate are respectively erected on the two guide sliding rails, the output direction of the transverse moving cylinder is parallel to the guide sliding rails, and the transverse moving cylinder drives the transverse moving plate to reciprocate on the guide sliding rails; the lifting pair comprises a lifting cylinder fixed on the lower end face of the transverse moving plate and a lifting plate arranged on the output end of the lifting cylinder; the cylinder body of the lifting cylinder is positioned in the first linear opening, and an output shaft of the lifting cylinder vertically and upwardly penetrates through the transverse moving plate; the distance adjusting assembly comprises a guide frame, limiting parts arranged at two end parts of the guide frame, a fixed block and two movable blocks arranged on the guide frame; the guide frame comprises guide rod fixing blocks on two sides and two guide rods arranged between the guide rod fixing blocks on the two sides; two groups of limiting parts are respectively arranged on the guide rod fixing blocks on the two sides, and each limiting part comprises a limiting stop block arranged on the outer side of each guide rod fixing block and a limiting screw arranged in each guide rod fixing block; the limiting screw is positioned between the two guide rods, the fixed block is arranged in the middle of the guide rods, and the two movable blocks are respectively movably arranged on the guide rods on the two sides of the fixed block; the three groups of grabbing pairs are respectively arranged on the fixed block and the two movable blocks; the grabbing pair comprises a grabbing cylinder, two grabbing arms arranged on the output end of the grabbing cylinder, and two clamping support plates respectively arranged on the two grabbing arms, the grabbing cylinder drives the two grabbing arms to relatively approach or separate from each other so as to grab the wiring body and release the wiring body to work, the farthest distance of the two grabbing arms is smaller than the width of the first linear opening, and when the wiring body is guided into the groove, the two grabbing arms are respectively positioned in the first linear openings on the two sides of the barrier strip;

The jack body conveying mechanism comprises a jack body conveying frame and a grabbing and transferring device; the jack body conveying frame comprises a supporting block, a conveying track table arranged on the supporting block and guide sliding plates arranged on two sides of the conveying track table, a conveying path is formed between the guide sliding plates on the two sides and the conveying track table, a pressing assembly is arranged at the tail end of the conveying path, and the pressing assembly comprises a bidirectional cylinder fixed on the conveying track table and pressing arms arranged at two output ends of the bidirectional cylinder; the two pressing arms are opposite in axial direction and are synchronously driven by the bidirectional cylinder to realize relative approaching or departing; the pressing arm comprises a pressing guide sliding body arranged on the output end of the bidirectional cylinder, a supporting block arranged on the pressing guide sliding body and a pressing gasket arranged on the supporting block; the supporting block is positioned at the outer side of the guide sliding plate, and the pressing gasket is positioned above the conveying track table; when the two-way cylinder drives the two pressing arms to approach, the two pressing gaskets are butted and cover the conveying path; when the bidirectional air cylinder drives the two pressing arms to move away, the two pressing gaskets relatively move away, so that the tail end of the conveying path is exposed; the grabbing and transferring device comprises a grabbing and moving frame, a moving pair arranged on the grabbing and moving frame, a lifting pair arranged on the moving pair, and a jack grabbing pair arranged on the lifting pair; the moving pair comprises a belt positioned on the grabbing moving frame through a driving wheel and a driven wheel, and a transverse moving support which is arranged on the grabbing moving frame in a sliding mode and driven by the belt; the lifting pair comprises a lifting driving cylinder fixed on the transverse moving bracket; the jack body grabbing pair comprises a grabbing frame arranged on the output end of the lifting driving cylinder, a plurality of light columns transversely fixed on the grabbing frame, a fixed grabbing piece fixed in the middle of each light column, and two movable grabbing pieces movably arranged on the light columns; the two movable grabbing pieces are respectively positioned at two sides of the fixed grabbing piece.

Preferably, the workbench comprises an upper plate, a lower plate, a support rod, a display screen, a button and a control panel; the upper plate and the lower plate are fastened together by screws, and a rectangular cavity is arranged in the middle of the upper plate and the lower plate; the control panel is supported by two bracing pieces, and display screen, button inlay in the panel.

Preferably, the assembling mechanism comprises a stamping cylinder and a stamping head arranged on the output end of the stamping cylinder; the stamping cylinder drives the stamping head to move.

Preferably, the workpiece body output mechanism comprises a blanking cylinder, a cylinder body of the blanking cylinder is mounted on the outer side wall of the first shell rail piece, and an output shaft of the blanking cylinder penetrates through the first shell rail piece.

By adopting the technical scheme, the invention relates to a socket assembling machine which comprises a wiring body conveying mechanism, a shell conveying mechanism, a jack body conveying mechanism, an assembling mechanism and a workpiece body output mechanism, wherein the output ends of the wiring body conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism and the assembling mechanism are sequentially arranged on a conveying path of the shell conveying mechanism, so that the socket assembling machine can sequentially assemble the wiring body and the jack body on a shell to obtain a socket, the assembling efficiency is improved, and the assembling quality is stabilized.

drawings

fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of a chassis.

Fig. 2 is a schematic exploded view of the mechanisms in the chassis.

Fig. 3 is an exploded view of the wiring body conveying mechanism.

FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a lifting pair in the wire connecting body conveying mechanism.

FIG. 5 is a schematic view of a distance adjustment assembly in the wire-connecting body conveying mechanism.

FIG. 6 is a schematic view of a grasping sub-mechanism in the wire-connecting body conveying mechanism.

Fig. 7 is a schematic structural view of the shell conveying mechanism.

Fig. 8 is a schematic structural view of a shell carrier.

Fig. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of the shell pushing assembly.

Fig. 10 is a schematic structural view of the jack body conveying mechanism.

Fig. 11 is a schematic structural view of the hold-down assembly.

Fig. 12 is a schematic structural view of the assembly mechanism.

Fig. 13 is a schematic structural view of the workpiece body output mechanism.

Fig. 14 is a schematic structural view of the table.

Detailed Description

Preferred embodiments of the present invention will be described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings.

The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments.

In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the terms "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "top", "bottom", "inner", "outer", and the like, indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, are merely for convenience in describing the present invention and simplifying the description, and do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention.

The socket assembling machine shown in fig. 1 to 14 includes a case 1, and a wiring body conveying mechanism 2, a shell conveying mechanism 3, a jack body conveying mechanism 4, an assembling mechanism 5 and a workpiece body output mechanism 6 which are arranged in the case 1. The middle part of the case 1 is provided with a workbench 7, a working cavity is formed inside the case 1 above the workbench 7, and the wiring body conveying mechanism 2, the shell conveying mechanism 3, the jack body conveying mechanism 4, the assembling mechanism 5 and the workpiece body output mechanism 6 are arranged in the working cavity and are arranged on the surface of the workbench 7. The output ends of the wiring body conveying mechanism 2, the jack body conveying mechanism 4, the assembling mechanism 5 and the workpiece body output mechanism 6 are sequentially arranged on the conveying path of the shell conveying mechanism 3. The workbench 7 includes an upper plate 71, a lower plate 72, a support rod 73, a display 74, a button 75, and a control panel 76. Wherein, the upper plate 71 and the lower plate 72 are fastened together by screws, and a rectangular cavity is arranged in the middle. The control panel 76 is supported by two support rods 73, and the display screen 74 and the buttons 75 are embedded in the panel.

the shell conveying mechanism 3 comprises a shell conveying frame 31, and a shell feeding frame 32 and a shell pushing assembly which are arranged on the shell conveying frame 31. The shell conveying rack 31 comprises a conveying table 311 and a shell conveying track arranged on the conveying table 311. The conveying table 311 is fixed on the workbench 7 through a support, the shell conveying track comprises a first shell track part 312, a second shell track part 313 and a third shell track part 314 which are arranged on the conveying table 311, the first shell track part 312 and the second shell track part 313 are arranged on two sides of the conveying table 311 in parallel, the first shell track part 312 is longer than the second shell track part 313, and the third shell track part 314 is connected to the downstream section of the first shell track part 312 and is perpendicular to the first shell track part; a feed opening 315 is formed between the second housing rail member 313 and the third housing rail member 314. The shell feeding frame 32 is fixed on the conveying table 311, and the shell feeding frame 32 comprises two feeding brackets 321 which are respectively arranged at the starting ends of the first shell rail member 312 and the second shell rail member 313; the two feeding brackets 321 are oppositely provided with bracket grooves 322, and the two bracket grooves 322 and the middle area thereof form a shell feeding track. In order to further improve the connection strength between the feeding support 321 and the shell conveying frame 31, a reinforcing rib plate 323 is further arranged on the side wall of the feeding support 321 to be connected with the shell conveying frame 31. A material pushing through hole 316 is formed in the conveying table 311 below the shell feeding frame 32, the shell pushing assembly comprises a shell pushing cylinder 331 and a shell pushing part arranged at the output end of the shell pushing cylinder 331, the shell pushing cylinder 331 is fixed on the lower end face of the conveying table 311, and the shell pushing part comprises a T-shaped plate 332 in the material pushing through hole 316 and a push plate 333 fixed above the T-shaped plate 332; the T-shaped plate 332 is erected on the side wall of the pushing through hole 316, the lower end of the T-shaped plate 332 is connected with the output end of the shell pushing cylinder 331, and the upper end of the T-shaped plate 332 is connected with the push plate 333.

When the shell conveying mechanism 3 operates, the plurality of patch board shells are embedded in the support grooves 322 of the two feeding supports 321, and are sequentially fed from top to bottom through the shell feeding track. The shell pushing assembly operates, and the shell pushing cylinder 331 drives the shell pushing member to reciprocate to push the patch board shell at the lowest end of the shell feeding rail onto the shell conveying frame 31 (move by the distance of one patch board shell width); after the resetting process of the shell pushing cylinder 331, the patch board shell at the next station falls into the output end of the shell pushing assembly, so that the pushing of the next patch board shell can be continued.

the wiring body conveying mechanism 2 comprises a wiring body transfer frame, a wiring body conveying table and a transverse moving pair which are arranged on the wiring body transfer frame, a lifting pair which is arranged on the transverse moving pair, a distance adjusting component which is arranged on the lifting pair, and a grabbing pair which is arranged on the distance adjusting component. The wiring body transfer frame comprises a guide sliding plate 211 and support columns 212 arranged at two ends of the guide sliding plate 211, two guide sliding rails 213 are arranged on the guide sliding plate 211, and a first linear opening 214 arranged along the rail direction of the guide sliding rails 213 is arranged on the guide sliding plate 211 between the two guide sliding rails 213. The wire connecting body conveying table is arranged on the supporting column 212, the wire connecting body conveying table is arranged in parallel with the guide sliding plate 211, a second linear opening 221 parallel to the rail direction of the guide sliding rail 213 is arranged on the wire connecting body conveying table, a blocking strip 222 arranged along the linear direction is arranged in the starting end part of the second linear opening 221, and the blocking strip 222 is positioned on the central line of the second linear opening 221. Two guiding cushion blocks 223 are respectively arranged on the wire connecting body conveying tables on two sides above the barrier strips 222, and a wire connecting body guiding groove is formed between the two guiding cushion blocks 223. The transverse moving pair comprises a transverse moving cylinder 231 and a transverse moving plate 232 arranged on the output end of the transverse moving cylinder 231; the two end portions of the lateral moving plate 232 are respectively erected on the two sliding guide rails 213, the output direction of the lateral moving cylinder 231 is parallel to the sliding guide rails 213, and the lateral moving cylinder 231 drives the lateral moving plate 232 to reciprocate on the sliding guide rails 213. The lifting pair includes a lifting cylinder 241 fixed on the lower end surface of the traverse moving plate 232, and a lifting plate 242 provided on the output end of the lifting cylinder 241. Wherein, the cylinder body of the lifting cylinder 241 is located in the first linear opening 214, and the output shaft of the lifting cylinder 241 vertically passes through the transverse moving plate 232 upwards. The distance adjusting assembly comprises a guide frame, limiting parts arranged at two ends of the guide frame, a fixed block 252 and two movable blocks 253 arranged on the guide frame. The guide frame includes guide rod fixing blocks 251 at both sides, and two guide rods 256 disposed between the guide rod fixing blocks 251 at both sides. Two sets of limiting parts are respectively arranged on the guide rod fixing blocks 251 on the two sides, and the limiting parts comprise limiting stoppers 254 arranged on the outer sides of the guide rod fixing blocks 251 and limiting screws 255 arranged in the guide rod fixing blocks 251. The limit screw 255 is positioned between the two guide rods, the fixed block 252 is installed in the middle of the guide rods, and the two movable blocks 253 are respectively movably arranged on the guide rods on the two sides of the fixed block 252. Three groups of grabbing pairs are arranged on the fixed block 252 and the two movable blocks 253 respectively; the grabbing pair comprises a grabbing cylinder 261, two grabbing arms 262 arranged on the output end of the grabbing cylinder 261 and two clamping supporting plates 263 respectively arranged on the two grabbing arms 262, the grabbing cylinder 261 drives the two grabbing arms 262 to relatively approach or move away, so that the wire body can be grabbed and released to work, the farthest distance of the two grabbing arms 262 is smaller than the width of the first linear opening 214, and when the wire body is guided into the groove, the two grabbing arms 262 are respectively positioned in the first linear openings 214 on two sides of the barrier strip 222.

When the wire connecting body conveying mechanism 2 operates, the wire connecting body is conveyed into the wire connecting body guiding groove firstly, and the wire connecting body is received by the blocking strip 222 in the wire connecting body guiding groove because the blocking strip 222 is arranged in the first linear opening 214 below the wire connecting body guiding groove. Then, the transverse moving pair works, and the transverse moving cylinder 231 transfers the transverse moving plate 232 to the lower part of the lead-in groove of the wire connecting body; then the lifting pair works, and the lifting cylinder 241 lifts the lifting plate 242 to a certain height. Because the wiring bodies are closely abutted in the wiring body leading-in groove; therefore, before the grabbing pairs work, the two movable blocks 253 in the distance adjusting assembly are close to and attached to the middle fixed block 252, and in the state, the three grabbing pairs synchronously grab the wire connecting body. After the wire body is grabbed, the transverse moving pair drives the transverse moving pair to move rightwards, and after the wire body is led out of the wire body leading-in groove, the lifting pair starts to descend; at the same time, the two movable blocks 253 in the distance adjustment assembly move away from the fixed block 252 in the middle until the movable blocks 253 contact against the limit screws 255, so that the three contacts are at equal distances, and the distance should be determined by the width of the socket housing. After the power receiving body is conveyed to the position below the conveying path of the shell conveying mechanism 3 by the transverse moving pair (namely, the position below the shell conveying track), the power receiving body and the clamping pair are upwards jacked to the central position of the patch board shell by the ascending motion of the lifting pair, then the grabbing arm 262 of the clamping pair is separated from the power receiving body, and the first-step assembly of the power receiving body and the patch board shell is completed. And finally, the grabbing pair, the distance adjusting assembly, the lifting pair and the grabbing pair are reset integrally, and the next transmission of the power connector is carried out.

The jack body transfer mechanism 4 includes a jack body transfer rack 41 and a gripping and transferring device 42. The jack body conveying frame 41 comprises a supporting block 411, a conveying track table 412 arranged on the supporting block 411 and guide sliding plates 211 arranged on two sides of the conveying track table 412, a conveying path is formed between the guide sliding plates 211 on two sides and the conveying track table 412, a pressing assembly is arranged at the tail end of the conveying path, and comprises a bidirectional air cylinder 413 fixed on the conveying track table 412 and pressing arms 414 arranged on two output ends of the bidirectional air cylinder 413; the two pressing arms 414 are axially opposite and synchronously driven by the bidirectional air cylinder 413 to realize relative approaching or departing. The pressing arm 414 includes a pressing guide 415 disposed on the output end of the bidirectional cylinder 413, a support block disposed on the pressing guide 415, and a pressing pad 416 disposed on the support block. The supporting block is arranged at the outer side of the guide sliding plate 211, and the pressing gasket 416 is arranged above the conveying track table 412; when the bidirectional air cylinder 413 drives the two pressing arms 414 to be close, the two pressing gaskets 416 are butted and covered above the conveying path; when the bidirectional cylinder 413 drives the two pressing arms 414 away, the two pressing pads 416 are relatively away, leaving the end of the conveying path exposed. The grabbing and transferring device 42 comprises a grabbing and moving frame 421, a moving pair arranged on the grabbing and moving frame 421, a lifting pair arranged on the moving pair, and a jack grabbing pair arranged on the lifting pair; the moving pair includes a belt 424 positioned on the grasping moving frame 421 by a driving pulley 422 and a driven pulley 423, and a lateral moving bracket 425 slidably disposed on the grasping moving frame 421 and driven by the belt. The lift pair includes a lift drive cylinder 426 secured to a traversing carriage 425. The jack body grabbing pair comprises a grabbing frame 427 arranged on the output end of the lifting driving cylinder 426, a plurality of light beams 428 transversely fixed on the grabbing frame 427, a fixed grabbing piece 429 fixed in the middle of the light beams 428, and two movable grabbing pieces 420 movably arranged on the light beams 428; the two movable grabbing pieces are respectively positioned at two sides of the fixed grabbing piece.

When the jack body conveying mechanism 4 works, the jack body is fed by the jack body conveying frame 41 and is pressed and positioned by the pressing assembly at the tail end of the conveying path. The gripper transfer 42 moves over the end of the transport path and the two pressure pads 416 move away from each other as the two-way cylinder 413 in the hold down assembly drives the two hold down arms 414 away, exposing the end of the transport path. Then the lifting driving cylinder 426 drives the jack body grabbing pair to move downwards, and the fixed grabbing piece and the two movable grabbing pieces are relatively close to each other and grab the jack body; after the jack bodies are grabbed, the lifting driving cylinder 426 drives the jack bodies to move upwards, and meanwhile, the two movable grabbing pieces move away from the fixed grabbing pieces, so that the three jack bodies are arranged at equal intervals. After the jack body is lifted to a certain height, the moving pair moves to transfer the jack body to be grabbed to a conveying path of the shell conveying mechanism 3; then the lifting driving cylinder 426 descends, the jack body grabbing pair places the jack body on the shell, and the second assembly early-stage preparation stage is completed; the semi-finished product (the housing in which the jack is placed) moves forward under the action of the housing pushing assembly until the semi-finished product moves to the output direction of the assembling mechanism 5.

The fitting mechanism 5 includes a punching cylinder 51, and a punching head 52 provided on an output end of the punching cylinder 51. The stamping cylinder 51 drives the stamping head 52 to move, when the semi-finished product moves to the output direction of the assembling mechanism 5, the stamping cylinder 51 works to press the jack of the protruding part of the assembled semi-finished product in the second step to a standard position, and a complete socket assembly body is formed. Then, the socket assembly moves forward along with the housing conveying mechanism 3, moves by the width of the patch board housing, and finally moves to abut against the third housing rail 314. The workpiece body output mechanism 6 comprises a blanking cylinder, a cylinder body 61 of the blanking cylinder is mounted on the outer side wall of the first shell track piece 312, and an output shaft 62 of the blanking cylinder penetrates through the first shell track piece 312. When the socket complete assembly body abuts against the third shell track piece 314, the workpiece body output mechanism 6 works, the output shaft of the blanking cylinder pushes the socket complete assembly body out, so that the socket complete assembly body is separated from the shell conveying table, and the full-automatic assembly process of the socket is completed.

The above description is only for the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and any person skilled in the art should be considered to be within the technical scope of the present invention, and equivalent alternatives or modifications according to the technical solution of the present invention and the inventive concept thereof should be covered by the scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. A socket assembling machine comprises a case, a wiring body conveying mechanism, a shell conveying mechanism, a jack body conveying mechanism, an assembling mechanism and a workpiece body output mechanism, wherein the wiring body conveying mechanism, the shell conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are arranged in the case; a workbench is arranged in the middle of the case, a working cavity is formed inside the case above the workbench, and the wiring body conveying mechanism, the shell conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are positioned in the working cavity and are arranged on the surface of the workbench; the output ends of the wiring body conveying mechanism, the jack body conveying mechanism, the assembling mechanism and the workpiece body output mechanism are sequentially arranged on a conveying path of the shell conveying mechanism;
The shell conveying mechanism comprises a shell conveying frame, a shell feeding frame and a shell pushing assembly, wherein the shell feeding frame and the shell pushing assembly are arranged on the shell conveying frame; the shell conveying frame comprises a conveying table board and a shell conveying rail arranged on the conveying table board; the shell conveying track comprises a first shell track part, a second shell track part and a third shell track part, wherein the first shell track part, the second shell track part and the third shell track part are arranged on the conveying table surface, the first shell track part and the second shell track part are arranged on two sides of the conveying table surface in parallel, the first shell track part is longer than the second shell track part, and the third shell track part is connected to the downstream section of the first shell track part and is vertical to the first shell track part; a feed opening is formed between the second shell track piece and the third shell track piece; the shell feeding frame is fixed on the conveying table surface and comprises two feeding supports which are respectively arranged at the initial ends of the first shell rail piece and the second shell rail piece; the two feeding supports are oppositely provided with support grooves, and the two support grooves and the middle area thereof form a shell feeding track; the side wall of the feeding bracket is also provided with a reinforcing rib plate which is connected with the shell conveying frame; the shell pushing assembly comprises a shell pushing cylinder and a shell pushing piece arranged on the output end of the shell pushing cylinder, the shell pushing cylinder is fixed on the lower end face of the conveying table, and the shell pushing piece comprises a T-shaped plate in the pushing through hole and a push plate fixed above the T-shaped plate; the T-shaped plate is erected on the side wall of the material pushing through hole, the lower end of the T-shaped plate is connected with the output end of the shell pushing cylinder, and the upper end of the T-shaped plate is connected with the push plate;
The wiring body conveying mechanism comprises a wiring body transferring frame, a wiring body conveying table and a transverse moving pair which are arranged on the wiring body transferring frame, a lifting pair arranged on the transverse moving pair, a distance adjusting component arranged on the lifting pair, and a grabbing pair arranged on the distance adjusting component; the wiring body transferring frame comprises a guide sliding plate and support columns arranged at two ends of the guide sliding plate, two guide sliding rails are arranged on the guide sliding plate, and a first linear opening arranged along the rail direction of the guide sliding rails is arranged on the guide sliding plate between the two guide sliding rails; the wiring body conveying table is arranged on the supporting column, the wiring body conveying table is arranged in parallel with the guide sliding plate, a second linear opening parallel to the track direction of the guide sliding track is arranged on the wiring body conveying table, a blocking strip arranged along the linear direction of the second linear opening is arranged at the starting end of the second linear opening, and the blocking strip is positioned on the central line of the second linear opening; two guide cushion blocks are respectively arranged on the wiring body conveying tables on the two sides above the barrier strips, and a wiring body leading-in groove is formed between the two guide cushion blocks; the transverse moving pair comprises a transverse moving cylinder and a transverse moving plate arranged on the output end of the transverse moving cylinder; the two end parts of the transverse moving plate are respectively erected on the two guide sliding rails, the output direction of the transverse moving cylinder is parallel to the guide sliding rails, and the transverse moving cylinder drives the transverse moving plate to reciprocate on the guide sliding rails; the lifting pair comprises a lifting cylinder fixed on the lower end face of the transverse moving plate and a lifting plate arranged on the output end of the lifting cylinder; the cylinder body of the lifting cylinder is positioned in the first linear opening, and an output shaft of the lifting cylinder vertically and upwardly penetrates through the transverse moving plate; the distance adjusting assembly comprises a guide frame, limiting parts arranged at two end parts of the guide frame, a fixed block and two movable blocks arranged on the guide frame; the guide frame comprises guide rod fixing blocks on two sides and two guide rods arranged between the guide rod fixing blocks on the two sides; two groups of limiting parts are respectively arranged on the guide rod fixing blocks on the two sides, and each limiting part comprises a limiting stop block arranged on the outer side of each guide rod fixing block and a limiting screw arranged in each guide rod fixing block; the limiting screw is positioned between the two guide rods, the fixed block is arranged in the middle of the guide rods, and the two movable blocks are respectively movably arranged on the guide rods on the two sides of the fixed block; the three groups of grabbing pairs are respectively arranged on the fixed block and the two movable blocks; the grabbing pair comprises a grabbing cylinder, two grabbing arms arranged on the output end of the grabbing cylinder, and two clamping support plates respectively arranged on the two grabbing arms, the grabbing cylinder drives the two grabbing arms to relatively approach or separate from each other so as to grab the wiring body and release the wiring body to work, the farthest distance of the two grabbing arms is smaller than the width of the first linear opening, and when the wiring body is guided into the groove, the two grabbing arms are respectively positioned in the first linear openings on the two sides of the barrier strip;
The jack body conveying mechanism comprises a jack body conveying frame and a grabbing and transferring device; the jack body conveying frame comprises a supporting block, a conveying track table arranged on the supporting block and guide sliding plates arranged on two sides of the conveying track table, a conveying path is formed between the guide sliding plates on the two sides and the conveying track table, a pressing assembly is arranged at the tail end of the conveying path, and the pressing assembly comprises a bidirectional cylinder fixed on the conveying track table and pressing arms arranged at two output ends of the bidirectional cylinder; the two pressing arms are opposite in axial direction and are synchronously driven by the bidirectional cylinder to realize relative approaching or departing; the pressing arm comprises a pressing guide sliding body arranged on the output end of the bidirectional cylinder, a supporting block arranged on the pressing guide sliding body and a pressing gasket arranged on the supporting block; the supporting block is positioned at the outer side of the guide sliding plate, and the pressing gasket is positioned above the conveying track table; when the two-way cylinder drives the two pressing arms to approach, the two pressing gaskets are butted and cover the conveying path; when the bidirectional air cylinder drives the two pressing arms to move away, the two pressing gaskets relatively move away, so that the tail end of the conveying path is exposed; the grabbing and transferring device comprises a grabbing and moving frame, a moving pair arranged on the grabbing and moving frame, a lifting pair arranged on the moving pair, and a jack grabbing pair arranged on the lifting pair; the moving pair comprises a belt positioned on the grabbing moving frame through a driving wheel and a driven wheel, and a transverse moving support which is arranged on the grabbing moving frame in a sliding mode and driven by the belt; the lifting pair comprises a lifting driving cylinder fixed on the transverse moving bracket; the jack body grabbing pair comprises a grabbing frame arranged on the output end of the lifting driving cylinder, a plurality of light columns transversely fixed on the grabbing frame, a fixed grabbing piece fixed in the middle of each light column, and two movable grabbing pieces movably arranged on the light columns; the two movable grabbing pieces are respectively positioned at two sides of the fixed grabbing piece.
2. the socket assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein: the workbench comprises an upper plate, a lower plate, a supporting rod, a display screen, a button and a control panel; the upper plate and the lower plate are fastened together by screws, and a rectangular cavity is arranged in the middle of the upper plate and the lower plate; the control panel is supported by two bracing pieces, and display screen, button inlay in the panel.
3. The socket assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein: the assembling mechanism comprises a stamping cylinder and a stamping head arranged on the output end of the stamping cylinder; the stamping cylinder drives the stamping head to move.
4. The socket assembling machine according to claim 1, wherein: the workpiece body output mechanism comprises a blanking cylinder, the cylinder body of the blanking cylinder is installed on the outer side wall of the first shell track piece, and the output shaft of the blanking cylinder penetrates through the first shell track piece.
CN201810740737.5A 2018-07-08 2018-07-08 Socket assembling machine CN108963716B (en)

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CN207282895U (en) * 2017-05-24 2018-04-27 东莞市恒明机器人自动化有限公司 A kind of five spring hole scoket automatic assemblings
CN207124358U (en) * 2017-07-24 2018-03-20 杭州中为光电技术股份有限公司 A kind of socket electrode automatic assembling apparatus
CN207052925U (en) * 2017-08-28 2018-02-27 广东红禾朗科技实业有限公司 A kind of socket production line automatic turning drawing mechanism
CN207518039U (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-06-19 东莞市宝诺电器有限公司 A kind of multistation socket switch pressing device

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