CN108956405A - A kind of engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method - Google Patents

A kind of engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108956405A
CN108956405A CN201811105140.XA CN201811105140A CN108956405A CN 108956405 A CN108956405 A CN 108956405A CN 201811105140 A CN201811105140 A CN 201811105140A CN 108956405 A CN108956405 A CN 108956405A
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China
Prior art keywords
exhaust
air inlet
dust
gas
fan motor
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CN201811105140.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108956405B (en
Inventor
李志清
周应新
侯建伟
钱正富
汪永林
苗晟源
曾维成
吴尚峰
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Yunnan Wuyi Expressway Construction Headquarters
Institute of Geology and Geophysics of CAS
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Yunnan Wuyi Expressway Construction Headquarters
Institute of Geology and Geophysics of CAS
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Priority to CN201811105140.XA priority Critical patent/CN108956405B/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N15/00Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume, or surface-area of porous materials
    • G01N15/06Investigating concentration of particle suspensions
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N15/00Investigating characteristics of particles; Investigating permeability, pore-volume, or surface-area of porous materials
    • G01N15/06Investigating concentration of particle suspensions
    • G01N2015/0693Investigating concentration of particle suspensions by optical means, e.g. by integrated nephelometry

Abstract

A kind of engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method, it is characterized in that carrying out engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring using a kind of monitoring device of powder-like waste, the device includes dust device cabinet (1), light receiving element (2), receiver board (3), scatter plate (4), light-emitting component (5), first exhaust pipeline (6), second exhaust pipeline (7), first fan motor (8), second fan motor (9), first row port (10), second exhaust port (11), first exhaust passage (12), second exhaust channel (13), first air inlet (14), second air inlet (15), gas production mouth (16), data acquisition and memory system and power supply system.This method is simple, and measurement accuracy is high, under the conditions of meeting dust heavily contaminated, the self-cleaning function of equipment.Independent dust concentration measurement can be carried out, vehicle-mounted removable dust concentration measurement can also be carried out.

Description

A kind of engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method
Technical field
The present invention relates to engineering constructions and atmospheric environment protection field, especially highway engineering field, and in particular to a kind of Engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method.
Background technique
Expressway construction inevitably causes direct or indirect influence to environment to a certain extent, especially it The continuity and globality for changing existing natural environment, destroy the ecological balance of conservation of natural environment.By being built in engineering If installing the mode of all kinds of atmosphere environment supervision probes and system in the process, dirt of the engineering construction to environment can be effectively supervised Dye.It is but remote up to several hundred rice for the linear engineering as highway engineering or railway engineering, it is clear that completely covering atmospheric environment Monitoring point, not only cost is high, and maintenance cost is very expensive, how to research and develop a set of vehicle-mounted mobile, and configure a kind of use In the monitoring device of powder-like waste of highway engineering, movable type environmental monitoring can be carried out according to the degree and demand of environmental pollution, it will be very big The cost of atmosphere environment supervision is reduced in degree.
The present invention is exactly a kind of engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring methods, for solving linear engineering atmosphere The monitoring of environment dust PM10.
The technical solution of invention, it is characterized in that carrying out engineering construction atmospheric environment powder using a kind of monitoring device of powder-like waste Dirt monitoring, which includes dust device cabinet 1, light receiving element 2, receiver board 3, scatter plate 4, light-emitting component 5, downtake pipe Road 6, second exhaust pipeline 7, the first fan motor 8, the second fan motor 9, first row port 10, second exhaust port 11, first Exhaust passage 12, second exhaust channel 13, the first air inlet 14, the second air inlet 15, gas production mouth 16, data acquisition and memory system And power supply system, power supply system have the function of automatic fitration using electricity sun energy solar panel or battery, second exhaust pipeline 7.Powder Dirt equipment cabinets 1 connect the first air inlet 14, the second air inlet 15, gas production mouth 16, light receiving element 2 and light-emitting component 5, gas production mouth 16 connection scatter plates 4, light receiving element 2 connect receiver board 3, and the gas in dust device cabinet 1 passes through 12 He of first exhaust passage Second exhaust channel 13 is discharged, and first exhaust passage 12 connects first exhaust pipeline 6, is equipped with first in first exhaust pipeline 6 Fan motor 8, the connection first row port 10 of first exhaust pipeline 6, the connection of second exhaust channel 13 second exhaust pipeline 7, second Second fan motor 9 is installed, second exhaust pipeline 7 connects second exhaust port 11, and second exhaust port 11 connects in gas exhaust piping 7 First air inlet 14 and the second air inlet 15.
A kind of monitoring device of powder-like waste for highway engineering, the test method for measuring dust concentration are as follows:
(1) first exhaust passage 12, second exhaust channel 13, the first air inlet 14, the second air inlet 15, first row port are closed 10 and second exhaust port 11.
(2) data collection system and power supply system are opened.
(3) gas production mouth 16 is opened, the dusty gas that must be acquired is made to enter dust device cabinet 1, scatter plate 4 is by dust gas Body dispersion, light-emitting component 5 make dusty gas that light scattering occur after shining, received plate 3 receives light scattering by light receiving element 2 The concentration information of gas transfers data to data acquisition and memory system.
(4) after data acquisition, gas production mouth 16 is closed, second exhaust channel 13, the first air inlet 14 and second are opened Air inlet 15, dusty gas enter second exhaust channel 13, by the second fan motor 9, by the automatic mistake of second exhaust pipeline 7 Filter, the gas after cleaning pass through second exhaust port 11, and into the first air inlet 14 and the second air inlet 15, it is logical to open first exhaust Road 12 is discharged by the dusty gas in dust device cabinet 1 through the first fan motor 8 by first row port 10.
(5) after reciprocal 3 circulations, the dusty gas in dust device cabinet 1 is by automated cleaning.
(6) first exhaust passage 12, second exhaust channel 13, the first air inlet 14, the second air inlet 15, first row are closed Port 10 and second exhaust port 11 open gas production mouth 16, carry out dusty gas concentration monitor again.
The invention has the advantages that
This method is simple, and measurement accuracy is high, under the conditions of meeting dust heavily contaminated, the self-cleaning function of equipment.It can carry out independence Dust concentration measures, and can also carry out vehicle-mounted removable dust concentration measurement.
The scope of application of the present invention:
Suitable for all kinds of engineering constructions such as civil engineering, highway engineering, railway engineering, the dust pollution as caused by construction, Real-time monitoring dust concentration change.
Detailed description of the invention:
Fig. 1 is a kind of monitoring device of powder-like waste schematic diagram that engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method uses.Wherein have: dust Equipment cabinets 1, light receiving element 2, receiver board 3, scatter plate 4, light-emitting component 5, first exhaust pipeline 6, second exhaust pipeline 7, the One fan motor 8, the second fan motor 9, first row port 10, second exhaust port 11, first exhaust passage 12, second exhaust are logical Road 13, the first air inlet 14, the second air inlet 15, gas production mouth 16.
Specific embodiment:
Embodiment: a kind of engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method is as follows,
1. closing first exhaust passage 12, second exhaust channel 13, the first air inlet 14, the second air inlet 15, first row port 10 and second exhaust port 11.
2. opening data collection system and power supply system.
3. opening gas production mouth 16, the dusty gas that must be acquired is made to enter dust device cabinet 1, scatter plate 4 is by dust gas Body dispersion, light-emitting component 5 make dusty gas that light scattering occur after shining, received plate 3 receives light scattering by light receiving element 2 The concentration information of gas, transfers data to data acquisition and memory system, and pending data can acquire storing data after stablizing.
4. after data acquire, closing gas production mouth 16, second exhaust channel 13, the first air inlet 14 and second are opened Air inlet 15, dusty gas enter second exhaust channel 13, by the second fan motor 9, by the automatic mistake of second exhaust pipeline 7 Filter, the gas after cleaning pass through second exhaust port 11, and into the first air inlet 14 and the second air inlet 15, it is logical to open first exhaust Road 12 is discharged by the dusty gas in dust device cabinet 1 through the first fan motor 8 by first row port 10.
5. after reciprocal 3 circulations, dusty gas in dust device cabinet 1 is by automated cleaning, after data stabilization to be monitored It can stop.
6. closing first exhaust passage 12, second exhaust channel 13, the first air inlet 14, the second air inlet 15, first row Port 10 and second exhaust port 11 open gas production mouth 16, can carry out dusty gas concentration measurement again.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method is built it is characterized in that carrying out engineering using a kind of monitoring device of powder-like waste If atmospheric environment dust monitoring, which includes dust device cabinet (1), light receiving element (2), receiver board (3), scatter plate (4), Light-emitting component (5), first exhaust pipeline (6), second exhaust pipeline (7), the first fan motor (8), the second fan motor (9), First row port (10), second exhaust port (11), first exhaust passage (12), second exhaust channel (13), the first air inlet (14), the second air inlet (15), gas production mouth (16), data acquisition and memory system and power supply system, power supply system is using the positive energy of electricity Solar panel or battery, second exhaust pipeline 7 have the function of automatic fitration, and dust device cabinet (1) connects the first air inlet (14), the second air inlet (15), gas production mouth (16), light receiving element (2) and light-emitting component (5), gas production mouth (16) connect scatter plate (3), light receiving element (2) connection receiver board (4), dust device cabinet (1) interior gas pass through first exhaust passage (12) and second Exhaust passage (13) discharge, first exhaust passage (12) connect first exhaust pipeline (6), are equipped in first exhaust pipeline (6) First fan motor (8), first exhaust pipeline (6) connect first row port (10), and second exhaust channel (13) connect second row Air pipe (7), second exhaust pipeline (7) is interior to be equipped with the second fan motor (9), and second exhaust pipeline (7) connects second exhaust Mouth (11), second exhaust port (11) connect the first air inlet (14) and the second air inlet (15),
It is as follows using device progress dust monitoring method,
1. it closes first exhaust passage (12), second exhaust channel (13), the first air inlet (14), the second air inlet (15), the One exhaust outlet (10) and second exhaust port (11),
2. data collection system and power supply system are opened,
3. opening gas production mouth (16), enter the dusty gas that must be acquired dust device cabinet (1), scatter plate (4) is by dust Gas dispersion, light-emitting component (5) make dusty gas that light scattering occur after shining, received plate (3) is connect by light receiving element (2) The concentration information for receiving light scattering gas, transfers data to data acquisition and memory system,
4. after data acquire, closing gas production mouth (16), open second exhaust channel (13), the first air inlet (14) and the Two air inlets (15), dusty gas enter second exhaust channel (13), by the second fan motor (9), by second exhaust pipeline (7) automatic fitration, the gas after cleaning passes through second exhaust port (11), into the first air inlet (14) and the second air inlet (15), first exhaust passage (12) are opened, by the dusty gas in dust device cabinet (1) through the first fan motor (8), by the One exhaust outlet (10) discharge,
5. after reciprocal 3 circulations, dusty gas in dust device cabinet (1) by automated cleaning,
6. it closes first exhaust passage (12), second exhaust channel (13), the first air inlet (14), the second air inlet (15), the One exhaust outlet (10) and second exhaust port (11) are opened gas production mouth (16), can carry out dusty gas concentration monitor again.
CN201811105140.XA 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 Engineering construction atmospheric environment dust monitoring method Active CN108956405B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN108956405A true CN108956405A (en) 2018-12-07
CN108956405B CN108956405B (en) 2021-03-02

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Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA1135074A (en) * 1979-06-15 1982-11-09 Gerdt Fladda Dust measurement
CN102706780A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-10-03 苏州苏净仪器自控设备有限公司 Instrument for monitoring small particulate matters in air
CN102914491A (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-02-06 东莞市汇海环保科技有限公司 Collector with real-time monitoring function
CN202837149U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-03-27 北京绿林创新数码科技有限公司 Multifunctional laser dust meter
CN104655533A (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-27 中山欧麦克仪器设备有限公司 Two-channel automatic particulate monitoring device
CN104791147A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-07-22 上海交通大学 Particulate matter removing device of marine heavy-duty diesel engine EGR system
CN105092441A (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-11-25 苏州元泰自动化科技有限公司 Fine particle matter measuring device and measuring method
CN204831979U (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 中煤科工集团重庆研究院有限公司 Binary channels atmosphere raise dust on -line monitoring equipment
CN105181546A (en) * 2015-10-27 2015-12-23 扬中市南方矿用电器有限公司 Mine-used dust concentration sensor having automatic cleaning function
CN206399778U (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-08-11 北京市环境保护监测中心 Light scattering method Atmospheric particulates detection device and its sheath gas gas circuit
CN206862835U (en) * 2017-04-25 2018-01-09 淮南师范学院 A kind of new sensor of dust concentration
CN107860070A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-03-30 上海科华光电技术研究所 Gas treatment equipment containing particulate matter

Patent Citations (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CA1135074A (en) * 1979-06-15 1982-11-09 Gerdt Fladda Dust measurement
CN102706780A (en) * 2012-06-14 2012-10-03 苏州苏净仪器自控设备有限公司 Instrument for monitoring small particulate matters in air
CN202837149U (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-03-27 北京绿林创新数码科技有限公司 Multifunctional laser dust meter
CN102914491A (en) * 2012-10-19 2013-02-06 东莞市汇海环保科技有限公司 Collector with real-time monitoring function
CN104655533A (en) * 2013-11-18 2015-05-27 中山欧麦克仪器设备有限公司 Two-channel automatic particulate monitoring device
CN105092441A (en) * 2014-05-14 2015-11-25 苏州元泰自动化科技有限公司 Fine particle matter measuring device and measuring method
CN104791147A (en) * 2015-03-18 2015-07-22 上海交通大学 Particulate matter removing device of marine heavy-duty diesel engine EGR system
CN204831979U (en) * 2015-08-28 2015-12-02 中煤科工集团重庆研究院有限公司 Binary channels atmosphere raise dust on -line monitoring equipment
CN105181546A (en) * 2015-10-27 2015-12-23 扬中市南方矿用电器有限公司 Mine-used dust concentration sensor having automatic cleaning function
CN206399778U (en) * 2016-12-14 2017-08-11 北京市环境保护监测中心 Light scattering method Atmospheric particulates detection device and its sheath gas gas circuit
CN206862835U (en) * 2017-04-25 2018-01-09 淮南师范学院 A kind of new sensor of dust concentration
CN107860070A (en) * 2017-12-22 2018-03-30 上海科华光电技术研究所 Gas treatment equipment containing particulate matter

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