CN108942137B - Automatic space key assembling system - Google Patents

Automatic space key assembling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108942137B
CN108942137B CN201810801307.XA CN201810801307A CN108942137B CN 108942137 B CN108942137 B CN 108942137B CN 201810801307 A CN201810801307 A CN 201810801307A CN 108942137 B CN108942137 B CN 108942137B
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space key
rolling
lifting
station
jig
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CN108942137A (en
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林焕城
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林焕城
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P19/00Machines for simply fitting together or separating metal parts or objects, or metal and non-metal parts, whether or not involving some deformation; Tools or devices therefor so far as not provided for in other classes
    • B23P19/001Article feeders for assembling machines
    • B23P19/007Picking-up and placing mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed

Abstract

The invention discloses an automatic space key assembling system, which comprises: the blank key feeding device, the four-axis manipulator, the CCD detection device, the station rotating platform device, the rolling and discharging device, the material receiving device and the PLC are arranged on the rack. Through the mode, the space key automatic assembly system automatically loads materials in a tray feeding mode, the manipulator takes the materials, the CCD automatically detects the materials, the qualified space key lining is placed in the key cap on the positioning jig, the rolled-in station is used for pressing the lining and the key cap after transferring and overturning, the blanking device places the pressed space key into the material receiving device, and the positioning jigs of various types are installed in equipment, so that the jig does not need to be replaced when the positioning jig needs to be replaced, the time for replacing is shortened, errors caused by manual participation are reduced, the production efficiency is improved, and the space key automatic assembly system has the advantages of high reliability, accurate positioning, compact structure, high transposition speed, low noise and the like.

Description

Automatic space key assembling system
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of electronics, in particular to an automatic space key assembling system.
Background
Space key, or white key, be computer keyboard's a key, because computer keyboard's specification is different, space key's big and small specification is also different, space key includes space key cap and space key inside lining, need be in the same place with space key cap and space key inside lining laminating earlier by the manual work, then put into the equipment pressfitting and take out by the manual work again, and can assemble because space key inside lining needs to pass through the detection, need the equipment that the space key could be accomplished to multichannel process, and need change the tool when changing different models, the process is loaded down with trivial details, artifical many easy mistakes that make, low production efficiency, finished product quality is not high.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention mainly solves the technical problem of providing an automatic space key assembling system.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention adopts a technical scheme that:
providing a space key automatic assembly system comprising: the device comprises a rack, and a space key lining feeding device, a four-axis manipulator, a CCD detection device, a station rotating platform device, a rolling device, a material receiving device and a PLC which are arranged on the rack, wherein the PLC sends control instructions to the space key lining feeding device, the four-axis manipulator, the CCD detection device, the station rotating platform device, the rolling device and the material receiving device respectively; the four-axis manipulator carries a space key lining from the space key lining feeding device to the CCD detection device for quality detection, carries the detected space key lining to the corresponding positioning jig of the station rotating platform device according to the model, and the rolling device carries the detected space key lining and a space key keycap from the station rotating platform device and carries the assembled space key to the material receiving device for storage.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the space key liner feeding device comprises a feeding lifting mechanism, a waiting lifting mechanism, a feeding tray transfer manipulator, a feeding station and a waiting station, wherein the feeding lifting mechanism drives the feeding tray to move vertically, the waiting lifting mechanism drives the waiting tray to move vertically, the feeding station and the waiting station are respectively arranged at the top ends of the feeding lifting mechanism and the waiting lifting mechanism, and the feeding tray transfer manipulator transfers the tray filled with the space key liner from the feeding station to the waiting station.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the loading tray transferring robot includes a horizontal first slide rail, a first suction cup, and a first rodless cylinder, and the first rodless cylinder drives the first suction cup to move along the first slide rail.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the CCD detecting device includes a CCD lens and a light source, and the PLC detects the space key lining according to a picture taken by the CCD lens.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the execution end of the four-axis robot is provided with a second suction cup, and an NG recovery box is arranged below the four-axis robot.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the station rotating platform device comprises a rotating platform and a plurality of positioning jigs, wherein the rotating platform rotates around a central shaft of the rotating platform, and the positioning jigs are equidistantly arranged on the circumference of the rotating platform.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the rolling device comprises a turnover transfer mechanism, a lower transfer mechanism and a rolling blanking mechanism, wherein the turnover transfer mechanism turns over and carries the space key after the space key lining and the space key keycap are primarily assembled to the lower transfer mechanism, and the turnover transfer mechanism carries the space key from the lower transfer mechanism to a rolling station for rolling and carries the space key to a material receiving device; the overturning and transferring mechanism comprises a third sucker, a first rotary cylinder, a first lifting cylinder, a second rodless cylinder, a second slide rail, a third rodless cylinder, a fourth sucker, a second lifting cylinder and a third slide rail, wherein the first rotary cylinder drives the third sucker to overturn, the first lifting cylinder drives the third sucker to move in the vertical direction, the second rodless cylinder drives the third sucker to move along the second slide rail, the second lifting cylinder drives the fourth sucker to move in the vertical direction, and the third rodless cylinder drives the fourth sucker to move along the third slide rail; the downward moving mechanism comprises a guide rail, a buffer stop block, a fourth rodless cylinder, a downward moving jig and a first sliding table cylinder, the fourth rodless cylinder drives the downward moving jig to move along the guide rail, the buffer stop block is arranged at the tail end of the fourth rodless cylinder, and the first sliding table cylinder drives the downward moving jig to move vertically.
In a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the rolling and discharging mechanism comprises a rolling and transferring module, a rolling and loading device, a discharging manipulator device, a temporary storage device module, a rolling and loading device and a discharging and loading module, wherein the rolling and loading device transfers the primarily assembled space key to the lower part of the rolling and loading device for rolling, and the discharging manipulator device transfers the rolled space key to the tray; the rolling carrier moves along the rolling load-transferring module, a blanking station is arranged on the rolling load-transferring module, the rolling jig comprises a roller, a floating mechanism and a first double-guide-rod cylinder, the first double-guide-rod cylinder drives the roller to move in the vertical direction through the floating mechanism, and the rolling jig moves along the rolling jig load-transferring module; the blanking manipulator jig moves along the blanking transfer module, and comprises a fifth sucker, a second rotary cylinder and a second sliding table cylinder, wherein the second rotary cylinder drives the fifth sucker to rotate along the horizontal rotating shaft, and the second sliding table cylinder drives the fifth sucker to move along the vertical direction; the temporary storage jig module comprises a temporary storage jig and a variable pitch cylinder, wherein the variable pitch cylinder changes the distance of a space key placed on the temporary storage jig.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the material receiving device comprises a material receiving tray transfer manipulator, a first lifting mechanism and a second lifting mechanism, wherein the first lifting mechanism carries empty trays for placing space keys to the discharging station, the material receiving tray transfer manipulator carries trays filled with the space keys to a material storage station, the discharging station is arranged at the top end of the first lifting mechanism, the material storage station is arranged at the top end of the second lifting mechanism, and the first lifting mechanism and the second lifting mechanism are identical in structure.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, the material collecting tray transferring manipulator comprises a fifth rodless cylinder, a sixth suction cup, a second double-guide-rod cylinder and a linear guide rail, wherein the fifth rodless cylinder drives the sixth suction cup to move along the linear guide rail, and the second double-guide-rod cylinder drives the sixth suction cup to move in the vertical direction; the second lifting mechanism comprises a motor, a bracket, a chain wheel, a guide pillar and a linear bearing, and the motor drives the chain wheel to enable the bracket to move along the direction of the guide pillar.
The invention has the beneficial effects that: the utility model provides a blank key automatic assembly system, mode automatic feeding through adopting the tray feed, get the material by the manipulator, CCD detects automatically, put qualified blank key inside lining in the key cap on the positioning jig, get it and put in the roll-in tool with pressfitting inside lining and key cap, and the order switching procedure need not to change the tool when the tool of multiple model is installed in the equipment and needs the remodelling, time when reducing the remodelling, reduce the error that artifical participation caused simultaneously, and the production efficiency is improved, and has the advantages of reliable performance height, the location is accurate, compact structure, the transposition is fast, the noise is little.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the description of the embodiments are briefly introduced below, it is obvious that the drawings in the following description are only some embodiments of the present invention, and other drawings can be obtained by those skilled in the art without inventive efforts, wherein:
FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of a preferred embodiment of the space bar automatic assembly system of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic structural view of a space bar liner feeding device in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the space bar automatic assembly system of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic structural view of a loading tray transfer robot according to a preferred embodiment of the space key automatic assembly system of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a four-axis robot, a CCD detection device and a station rotation platform device according to a preferred embodiment of the space key automatic assembly system of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a rolling device according to a preferred embodiment of the space key automatic assembly system of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a partial schematic view of a rolling device of the space key automatic assembly system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a lower moving mechanism of the space bar automatic assembly system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic structural diagram of an initial position of a lower moving mechanism of the space bar automatic assembly system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a front view of a rolling and blanking mechanism of the space key automatic assembly system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic view of the structure of the back of the rolling and blanking mechanism of the space key automatic assembly system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a schematic structural view of a rolling jig according to a preferred embodiment of the space bar automatic assembly system of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of a first dual-rail cylinder of a preferred embodiment of the space bar automatic assembly system of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural view of a blanking robot tool according to a preferred embodiment of the space key automatic assembly system of the present invention;
FIG. 14 is a schematic structural diagram of a temporary storage module of the space bar automatic assembly system according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a schematic view of a receiving device of the space bar automatic assembly system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a schematic view of a material receiving tray transfer robot according to a preferred embodiment of the space bar automatic assembly system of the present invention;
fig. 17 is a schematic structural view of the first elevating mechanism of the space bar automatic assembly system according to the preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 17, an embodiment of the present invention includes:
space key automatic assembly system includes: the device comprises a rack 1, and a space key lining feeding device 2, a four-axis manipulator 3, a CCD detection device 4, a station rotating platform device 5, a rolling device 6, a material receiving device 7 and a PLC which are arranged on the rack 1, wherein the PLC sends control instructions to the space key lining feeding device 2, the four-axis manipulator 3, the CCD detection device 4, the station rotating platform device 5, the rolling device 6 and the material receiving device 7 respectively; the four-axis manipulator 3 carries the space key inside lining from the space key inside lining feeding device 2 to the CCD detection device 4 for quality detection, the four-axis manipulator 3 carries the detected space key inside lining to the corresponding position of the station rotating platform device 5 according to the model, the rolling device 6 assembles the detected space key inside lining and the space key keycap from the station rotating platform device 5, and carries the assembled space key to the material receiving device 7 for storage.
The execution end of the four-axis manipulator 3 is provided with a second sucker 31, and an NG recovery box 51 is arranged below the four-axis manipulator.
The space key lining feeding device 2 comprises a feeding lifting mechanism 21, a waiting lifting mechanism 27, a feeding tray transferring manipulator 24, a feeding station 25 and a waiting station 26, wherein the feeding lifting mechanism 21 drives the feeding tray 22 to move in the vertical direction, the waiting lifting mechanism 27 drives the waiting tray 23 to move in the vertical direction, the feeding station and the waiting station are respectively arranged at the top ends of the feeding lifting mechanism 21 and the waiting lifting mechanism 27, and the feeding tray transferring manipulator 24 transfers a tray filled with a space key lining from the feeding station 25 to the waiting station 26; the loading tray transfer robot 24 includes a horizontal first slide rail 241, a first suction cup 242, and a first rodless cylinder 243, and the first rodless cylinder 243 drives the first suction cup 242 to move along the first slide rail 241.
The CCD detection device 4 comprises a CCD lens 41 and a light source 42, and the PLC detects the space key lining according to the pictures shot by the CCD lens 41.
Station rotary platform device 5 includes rotary platform 52, a plurality of positioning tool 53, and rotary platform 52 rotates around its center pin, and positioning tool 53 equidistance sets up on rotary platform 52's circumference.
The rolling device 6 comprises a turnover transfer mechanism 61, a lower transfer mechanism 62 and a rolling blanking mechanism 63, wherein the turnover transfer mechanism 61 turns over and carries the space key after the space key lining and the space key keycap are primarily assembled to the lower transfer mechanism 62, and the turnover transfer mechanism 61 carries the space key from the lower transfer mechanism 62 to a rolling station for rolling and carries the space key to the material receiving device 7; the overturning and transferring mechanism 61 comprises a third suction cup 611, a first rotating cylinder 612, a first lifting cylinder 613, a second rodless cylinder 614, a second slide rail 615, a third rodless cylinder 616, a fourth suction cup 617, a second lifting cylinder 618 and a third slide rail 619, wherein the first rotating cylinder 612 drives the third suction cup 611 to overturn, the first lifting cylinder 613 drives the third suction cup 611 to move in the vertical direction, the second rodless cylinder 614 drives the third suction cup 611 to move along the second slide rail 615, the second lifting cylinder 618 drives the fourth suction cup 617 to move in the vertical direction, and the third rodless cylinder 616 drives the fourth suction cup 617 to move along the third slide rail 619; the lower moving mechanism 62 comprises a guide rail 621, a buffer stop block 622, a fourth rodless cylinder 623, a lower moving fixture 624 and a first sliding table cylinder 625, wherein the fourth rodless cylinder 623 drives the lower moving fixture 624 to move along the guide rail 621, the buffer stop block 622 is arranged at the tail end of the fourth rodless cylinder 623, the first sliding table cylinder 625 drives the lower moving fixture 624 to vertically move, fig. 8 shows the initial position of the lower moving mechanism 62, the third suction cup 611 moves a space key to the upper part of the lower moving mechanism 62, the lower moving fixture 624 is positioned below the space key at the moment, then the first sliding table cylinder 625 extends out, the lower moving fixture 624 ascends, the space key falls into a positioning groove of the lower moving fixture 624, then the fourth rodless cylinder 623 acts, the lower moving fixture 624 moves to the position shown in fig. 7, and the third suction cup 611 also returns to the initial position; the rolling and feeding mechanism 63 includes a rolling and transferring module 631, a rolling and carrying tool 632, a rolling and carrying tool 633, a feeding manipulator tool 634, a temporary storage tool module 635, a rolling and carrying tool transferring module 636, and a feeding and carrying module 637, wherein the rolling and carrying tool 632 carries the primarily assembled space keys to the lower part of the rolling and carrying tool 633 for rolling, the feeding manipulator tool 634 carries the rolled space keys to the tray, when the feeding manipulator tool 634 carries the space keys to the tray, one of the 5 space keys is required to be rotated 90 ° and then carried to the empty tray, and when the blank keys are taken and placed for the third time, one of the 5 space keys is required to be placed in the temporary storage tool 635, and the remaining 4 space keys are placed in the tray, because the number of the space keys which can be placed in the tray corresponding to the space keys of the type is 14, and the space key which is assembled once is 5, therefore, the blanking manipulator tool 634 needs to place an extra space bar in the second temporary storage tool 6353 of the corresponding temporary storage module 635, and the second temporary storage tool 6353 is taken into an empty tray by the blanking manipulator tool 634 after being filled with 4 space bars, and for another space bar with a special type, the blanking manipulator tool 634 needs to place the space bar on the corresponding first temporary storage tool 6351 for pitch change and then take the space bar into the tray of the material collecting device; the rolling carrier 632 moves along the rolling transfer module 631, a blanking station is arranged on the rolling transfer module 631, the rolling jig 633 comprises a roller 6331, a floating mechanism 6332 and a first double-guide-rod cylinder 6333, the roller 6331 is driven by the first double-guide-rod cylinder 6333 to move in the vertical direction through the floating mechanism 6332, and the rolling jig 633 moves along the rolling jig transfer module 636; the blanking manipulator tool 634 moves along the blanking transfer module 637, the blanking transfer module 637 is perpendicular to the rolling transfer module 631, the rolling tool transfer module 636 is in the same direction as the blanking transfer module 637, the second slide rail 615 is perpendicular to the blanking transfer module 637, the second slide rail 615 is in the same direction as the rolling transfer module 631, the blanking manipulator tool 634 comprises a fifth suction cup 6341, a second rotary cylinder 6342 and a second sliding table cylinder 6343, the second rotary cylinder 6342 drives the fifth suction cup 6341 to rotate along a horizontal rotating shaft, and the second sliding table cylinder 6343 drives the fifth suction cup 6341 to move along a vertical direction; the temporary storage jig module 635 includes a first temporary storage jig 6351, a variable pitch cylinder 6352, and a second temporary storage jig 6353, wherein the variable pitch cylinder 6352 changes the distance of the blank space placed on the first temporary storage jig 6351.
The material receiving device 7 comprises a material receiving tray transfer manipulator 71, a first lifting mechanism 72 and a second lifting mechanism 73, the second lifting mechanism 71 lifts an empty tray 76 for placing a space key to a material placing station 74, the material receiving tray transfer manipulator 71 transfers a tray 77 full of the space key to a material storing station 75, the material placing station 74 is arranged at the top end of the first lifting mechanism, and the material storing station 75 is arranged at the top end of the second lifting mechanism 73; the receiving tray transferring manipulator 71 comprises a fifth rodless cylinder 711, a sixth suction cup 712, a second double-guide-rod cylinder 713 and a linear guide rail 714, wherein the fifth rodless cylinder 711 drives the sixth suction cup 712 to move along the linear guide rail 714, and the second double-guide-rod cylinder 713 drives the sixth suction cup 712 to move in the vertical direction; the first lifting mechanism 72 includes a motor 721, a bracket 722, a sprocket 723, a guide post 724, and a linear bearing 725, wherein the motor 721 drives the sprocket 723 to move the bracket 722 along the guide post 724.
The feeding lifting mechanism 21 lifts empty trays from the lower part to the upper part, a plurality of trays filled with space key linings are manually placed into the feeding lifting mechanism 21, the feeding lifting mechanism 21 lifts the trays from the lower part to a feeding station, the first rodless cylinder 243 drives the first suction cup 242 to carry the trays filled with the space key linings to move to a waiting station along the first slide rail 241, the four-axis manipulator 3 carries the space key linings to the station rotating platform device 5, after the carrying is finished, the waiting lifting mechanism 27 lowers the empty trays with the space key linings taken out from the upper part to the lower part, and an empty tray position is placed for the next time.
The space key lining is conveyed to the position below the CCD lens 41 by the second suction cup 31 at the tail end of the four-axis mechanical arm 3 for detection, the light source 42 supplies light to the space key lining, the keycaps with the space keys of the adhesives are manually placed in the positioning jig 53, qualified space key linings are detected and conveyed to the space key caps on the positioning jig 53 with corresponding models by the second suction cup 31, unqualified space key linings are conveyed to the NG recycling box 51 by the second suction cup 31, the positioning jigs 53 with different models are arranged on the circumference of the rotary platform 52 at intervals, and therefore when the space keys with different models are assembled, the jigs do not need to be replaced.
The second rodless cylinder 614 drives the third suction cup 611 to move to the position above the space key of the positioning jig 53, the first lifting cylinder 613 drives the third suction cup 611 to descend and slightly press down to enable the inner side of the space key to be bonded with the keycap, then the space key is sucked by the third suction cup 611, after the suction is completed, the first lifting cylinder 613 drives the third suction cup 611 to ascend, the first rotating cylinder 612 drives the third suction cup 611 to overturn, and after the overturn is completed, the second rodless cylinder 614 drives the third suction cup 611 to be conveyed to the lower transfer mechanism 62; the fourth rodless cylinder 623 drives the lower transfer fixture 624 to move to the position below the third suction cup 611 along the guide rail 621, and the first sliding table cylinder 625 drives the lower transfer fixture 624 to ascend and lift the space key; the third rodless cylinder 616 drives the fourth sucker 617 to suck the space key and convey the space key to the rolling carrier 632, the rolling transfer module 631 drives the rolling carrier 632 to be below the rolling jig 633, the first double-guide-rod cylinder 6333 drives the roller 6331 to be pressed down to the space key, the rolling jig transfer module 636 drives the roller 6331 to roll back and forth on the space key to press the space key tightly, the floating mechanism 6332 comprises a spring 63321 and is used for preventing the roller 6331 from damaging the space key due to overlarge pressure, after the rolling is completed, the rolling jig 633 returns to the initial position, and the rolling transfer module 631 drives the rolling carrier 632 to a blanking station; the second sliding table air cylinder 6343 drives the fifth suction cup 6341 to suck space keys, and then the space keys are transported to an empty tray of the receiving device 7, and are placed in different trays according to the space keys of different models, before the space keys are transported to the empty tray of the receiving device 7, for one model of space keys, the second rotating air cylinder 6342 needs to drive the fifth suction cup 6341 to rotate 90 degrees along the vertical rotating shaft, and then the space keys are transported to the empty tray of the receiving device 7, and when the space keys of this model are taken and placed for the third time, one of the 5 space keys which are sucked needs to be placed in the temporary storage fixture 6353, for another model of space keys, the space keys need to be changed in distance and then placed in the tray, when the space keys are taken and placed in the tray, the transferring module 637 drives the fifth suction cup 6341 to place the space keys of special model into the temporary storage 6351 for distance change, and then the space keys are sucked by the special suction cup 6341 after distance change, the original space between the suckers can still suck the space key with a special model because the distance of the variable distance is smaller, and then the space key is conveyed to an empty tray of the material receiving device 7.
After the empty tray is manually placed on the bracket 722, the fifth suction cup 6341 fills the empty tray 76 on the bracket 722, the motor 721 drives the sprocket 723 to enable the bracket 722 to move upwards to the emptying station 74 along the guide post 724 direction, the blanking manipulator tool 634 fills the empty tray 76 with the space key, the fifth rodless cylinder 711 drives the sixth suction cup 712 to move to the position above the tray 77 filled with the space key along the linear guide rail 714, the second double-guide-rod cylinder 713 drives the sixth suction cup 712 to descend to suck the tray 77 filled with the space key, the material collecting tray transfer manipulator 71 carries the tray 77 filled with the space key to the storage station 75, and the second lifting mechanism 73 carries the tray 77 filled with the space key downwards for manual removal.
The space key automatic assembly system has the beneficial effects that: the utility model provides a blank key automatic assembly system, mode automatic feeding through adopting the tray feed, get the material by the manipulator, CCD detects automatically, put qualified blank key inside lining in the key cap on the positioning jig, get it and put in the roll-in tool with pressfitting inside lining and key cap, and the order switching procedure need not to change the tool when the tool of multiple model is installed in the equipment and needs the remodelling, time when reducing the remodelling, reduce the error that artifical participation caused simultaneously, and the production efficiency is improved, and has the advantages of reliable performance height, the location is accurate, compact structure, the transposition is fast, the noise is little.
The above description is only an embodiment of the present invention, and not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and all modifications of equivalent structures and equivalent processes, which are made by the present specification, or directly or indirectly applied to other related technical fields, are included in the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. Space key automatic assembly system, its characterized in that includes: the device comprises a rack, and a space key lining feeding device, a four-axis manipulator, a CCD detection device, a station rotating platform device, a rolling device, a material receiving device and a PLC which are arranged on the rack, wherein the PLC sends control instructions to the space key lining feeding device, the four-axis manipulator, the CCD detection device, the station rotating platform device, the rolling device and the material receiving device respectively; the four-axis manipulator carries a space key lining from the space key lining feeding device to the CCD detection device for quality detection, carries the detected space key lining to the corresponding positioning jig of the station rotating platform device according to the model, and the rolling device carries the detected space key lining and a space key keycap from the station rotating platform device and carries the assembled space key to the material receiving device for storage.
2. The space key automatic assembly system according to claim 1, wherein the space key liner feeding device comprises a feeding lifting mechanism, a waiting material lifting mechanism, a feeding tray transfer manipulator, a feeding station and a waiting material station, the feeding lifting mechanism drives the feeding tray to move vertically, the waiting material lifting mechanism drives the waiting material tray to move vertically, the feeding station and the waiting material station are respectively arranged at the top ends of the feeding lifting mechanism and the waiting material lifting mechanism, and the feeding tray transfer manipulator transfers the tray filled with the space key liner from the feeding station to the waiting material station.
3. The space key automatic assembly system of claim 2, wherein the loading tray transfer robot comprises a horizontal first slide rail, a first suction cup, and a first rodless cylinder, wherein the first rodless cylinder drives the first suction cup to move along the first slide rail.
4. The space key automatic assembly system according to claim 1, wherein the CCD detecting device includes a CCD lens, a light source, and the PLC detects the space key lining according to a picture taken by the CCD lens.
5. The space bar automatic assembly system of claim 1, wherein the execution end of the four-axis manipulator is provided with a second suction cup, and an NG recovery box is arranged below the four-axis manipulator.
6. An automatic space key assembly system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said station rotary platform device comprises a rotary platform, a plurality of positioning jigs, the rotary platform rotates around its central axis, and the positioning jigs are equidistantly arranged on the circumference of the rotary platform.
7. The space key automatic assembly system according to claim 1, wherein the rolling device comprises a turnover transfer mechanism, a downward transfer mechanism and a rolling blanking mechanism, the turnover transfer mechanism turns over and carries the space key after the space key liner and the space key keycap are firstly assembled to the downward transfer mechanism, and the turnover transfer mechanism carries the space key from the downward transfer mechanism to a rolling station for rolling and carries the space key to a material receiving device; the overturning and transferring mechanism comprises a third sucker, a first rotary cylinder, a first lifting cylinder, a second rodless cylinder, a second slide rail, a third rodless cylinder, a fourth sucker, a second lifting cylinder and a third slide rail, wherein the first rotary cylinder drives the third sucker to overturn, the first lifting cylinder drives the third sucker to move in the vertical direction, the second rodless cylinder drives the third sucker to move along the second slide rail, the second lifting cylinder drives the fourth sucker to move in the vertical direction, and the third rodless cylinder drives the fourth sucker to move along the third slide rail; the downward moving mechanism comprises a guide rail, a buffer stop block, a fourth rodless cylinder, a downward moving jig and a first sliding table cylinder, the fourth rodless cylinder drives the downward moving jig to move along the guide rail, the buffer stop block is arranged at the tail end of the fourth rodless cylinder, and the first sliding table cylinder drives the downward moving jig to move vertically.
8. The automatic space key assembling system of claim 7, wherein the rolling and unloading mechanism comprises a rolling and transferring module, a rolling and loading device, a rolling jig, an unloading manipulator tool, a temporary storage jig module, a rolling and loading jig module, and an unloading and loading module, the rolling and loading device carries the primarily assembled space key to the lower part of the rolling and loading jig for rolling, and the unloading manipulator tool carries the rolled space key to the tray; the rolling carrier moves along the rolling load-transferring module, a blanking station is arranged on the rolling load-transferring module, the rolling jig comprises a roller, a floating mechanism and a first double-guide-rod cylinder, the first double-guide-rod cylinder drives the roller to move in the vertical direction through the floating mechanism, and the rolling jig moves along the rolling jig load-transferring module; the blanking manipulator jig moves along the blanking transfer module, the blanking transfer module is perpendicular to the rolling transfer module, the rolling jig transfer module and the blanking transfer module are in the same direction, the blanking manipulator jig comprises a fifth sucker, a second rotary cylinder and a second sliding table cylinder, the second rotary cylinder drives the fifth sucker to rotate along the horizontal rotating shaft, and the second sliding table cylinder drives the fifth sucker to move along the vertical direction; the temporary storage jig module comprises a temporary storage jig and a variable pitch cylinder, wherein the variable pitch cylinder changes the distance of a space key placed on the temporary storage jig.
9. The space key automatic assembly system according to claim 1, wherein the material receiving device comprises a material receiving tray transfer robot, a first lifting mechanism and a second lifting mechanism, the first lifting mechanism carries empty trays for placing space keys to the discharge station, the material receiving tray transfer robot carries trays filled with space keys to a storage station, the discharge station is arranged at the top end of the first lifting mechanism, the storage station is arranged at the top end of the second lifting mechanism, and the first lifting mechanism and the second lifting mechanism are identical in structure.
10. The space key automatic assembly system of claim 9, wherein the material receiving tray transfer robot comprises a fifth rodless cylinder, a sixth suction cup, a second double-guide-rod cylinder and a linear guide rail, the fifth rodless cylinder drives the sixth suction cup to move along the linear guide rail, and the second double-guide-rod cylinder drives the sixth suction cup to move in a vertical direction; the second lifting mechanism comprises a motor, a bracket, a chain wheel, a guide pillar and a linear bearing, and the motor drives the chain wheel to enable the bracket to move along the direction of the guide pillar.
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CN112743309A (en) * 2020-12-28 2021-05-04 博众精工科技股份有限公司 Workpiece assembling equipment and workpiece assembling method

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