CN108928011A - A kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate and skeleton vacuum resin import integral formation method - Google Patents

A kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate and skeleton vacuum resin import integral formation method Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN108928011A
CN108928011A CN201710441402.9A CN201710441402A CN108928011A CN 108928011 A CN108928011 A CN 108928011A CN 201710441402 A CN201710441402 A CN 201710441402A CN 108928011 A CN108928011 A CN 108928011A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
foam core
fabric
ships
resin
light boats
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710441402.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
臧瑞斌
张赟
苏生
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CHANGZHOU FRP BOATBUILDING Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CHANGZHOU FRP BOATBUILDING Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Priority to CN2017103914554 priority Critical
Priority to CN201710391455 priority
Application filed by CHANGZHOU FRP BOATBUILDING Co Ltd filed Critical CHANGZHOU FRP BOATBUILDING Co Ltd
Publication of CN108928011A publication Critical patent/CN108928011A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B29WORKING OF PLASTICS; WORKING OF SUBSTANCES IN A PLASTIC STATE IN GENERAL
    • B29CSHAPING OR JOINING OF PLASTICS; SHAPING OF MATERIAL IN A PLASTIC STATE, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; AFTER-TREATMENT OF THE SHAPED PRODUCTS, e.g. REPAIRING
    • B29C70/00Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts
    • B29C70/04Shaping composites, i.e. plastics material comprising reinforcements, fillers or preformed parts, e.g. inserts comprising reinforcements only, e.g. self-reinforcing plastics
    • B29C70/28Shaping operations therefor
    • B29C70/30Shaping by lay-up, i.e. applying fibres, tape or broadsheet on a mould, former or core; Shaping by spray-up, i.e. spraying of fibres on a mould, former or core
    • B29C70/34Shaping by lay-up, i.e. applying fibres, tape or broadsheet on a mould, former or core; Shaping by spray-up, i.e. spraying of fibres on a mould, former or core and shaping or impregnating by compression, i.e. combined with compressing after the lay-up operation
    • B29C70/342Shaping by lay-up, i.e. applying fibres, tape or broadsheet on a mould, former or core; Shaping by spray-up, i.e. spraying of fibres on a mould, former or core and shaping or impregnating by compression, i.e. combined with compressing after the lay-up operation using isostatic pressure

Abstract

The present invention relates to the hulls that a kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate and skeleton vacuum resin import integral formation method and application this method acquisition, the glass-reinforced plastic boat structure includes integrally formed ships and light boats shell and more longitudinal keels being placed in ships and light boats shell, more transverse frames, each longitudinal keel/transverse frame includes foam core material and fabric, foam core material is arranged in a rectangular parallelepiped shape, the roof of foam core material, bottom wall, the a plurality of diversion trench communicated is respectively set on left side wall and right side wall, fabric is wrapped in the surface of foam core material, and the fabric between the bottom wall and bottom plate of foam core material extends to its two sides, so that the section after foam core material package fabric is in ⊥ font;The resin of importing along diversion trench foam core material surface flow to be infiltrated to fabric, after resin solidification, the plastic bonding adhered on fabric is integral, fabric of the foam core material through bottom wall and resin and the cementing fixation of bottom plate.

Description

A kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate and skeleton vacuum resin import integral formation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to boat manufacturing technology field, especially a kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate is led with skeleton vacuum resin Enter integral formation method.
Background technique
Field is fabricated in traditional glass-reinforced plastic boat, vacuum resin introducing technology is current mainstream machining processes, Such as Chinese patent Authorization Notice No. CN101417510B discloses a kind of production method of ferry glass reinforced plastic boat, step is the system of mold Make, waxing, gel coat spraying, hull molding, hull is reinforced, head laying at column, the paving that is plated in release cloth, is plated in flow-guiding cloth, helix tube If, the laying of vacuum tube, coated vacuum diaphragm, vacuumize, resin imports etc., have that technique is unique, deck is smooth, the production cycle It is short, labor intensity of workers is low, the advantages that reducing to the environment of pollution;Glass-reinforced plastic boat keel made from the above method and hull bottom it Between cementing firmness it is lower, be easy to produce the hidden danger of delamination.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of well-set glass-reinforced plastic boat structures and preparation method thereof.
In order to solve the above technical problems, glass-reinforced plastic boat structure provided by the invention, including:Integrally formed ships and light boats shell Be placed in ships and light boats shell more longitudinal keels, more transverse frames, the ships and light boats shell includes bottom plate, end side and ship Side plate, the front and rear ends of the transverse frame are connected with the strake, the front and rear ends of the longitudinal keel and institute It states end side or transverse frame is connected;Each longitudinal keel/transverse frame includes foam core material and fabric, the foam core Material is arranged in a rectangular parallelepiped shape, and a plurality of water conservancy diversion communicated is respectively set on the roof of foam core material, bottom wall, left side wall and right side wall Slot, the fabric are wrapped in the surface of the foam core material, and between the bottom wall of the foam core material and the bottom plate Fabric extends to its two sides, so that the section after foam core material package fabric is in ⊥ font;It leads on the resin edge of importing Chute foam core material surface flow to be infiltrated to fabric, after resin solidification, the resin that adheres on fabric It is cementing integral, fabric and resin and bottom plate cementing fixation of the foam core material through bottom wall.
Further, the diversion trench is in semi-cylindrical, so that the arc-shaped setting of the inner wall of diversion trench, is conducive to resin and circulates.
Further, the diversion trench includes a plurality of transverse channels disposed in parallel, a plurality of longitudinal water conservancy diversion disposed in parallel Slot, transverse channels and longitudinal diversion trench on same side are vertically arranged, so as to be formed on the side of foam core material latticed Flow-guiding channel.
Further, the foam core material is PVC foam core material, nonflammable, high strength and deformation.
The manufacturing method of above-mentioned glass-reinforced plastic boat structure, includes the following steps:
A, ships and light boats outer casing mold is made, and carries out waxing and gel coat spraying, there is bottom plate, end side and strake to obtain Ships and light boats shell.
B, transverse channels and longitudinal diversion trench are processed on each surface of longitudinal keel/transverse frame foam core material, Fabric is wrapped in the outer surface of foam core material, multi-layer fiber fabric and fiber are laid between foam core material bottom wall and bottom plate Fabric extends to the left and right sides of foam core material, so that the section after foam core material package fabric is in ⊥ font, to increase Cementing area between foam core material bottom wall and bottom plate.
C, it is laid with release cloth outside fabric, flow-guiding cloth is laid with outside release cloth, vacuum bag is laid with outside flow-guiding cloth, very Multiple resin ingress pipes, each resin ingress pipe is arranged on vacuum bag in the edge of empty bag and ships and light boats outer casing mold bead sealed set It is placed on the foam core material roof of corresponding longitudinal keel/transverse frame, so that resin can enter in vacuum bag through resin ingress pipe; It is additionally provided with two on vacuum bag and vacuumizes outlet, respectively vacuumizes front end side plate and tail end that outlet is respectively placed in ships and light boats shell Side plate.
D, vacuumized by the air-introduced machine of peripheral hardware by the outlet that vacuumizes at both ends, to the pressure in vacuum bag≤- When 0.1Mpa, resin is entered in vacuum bag by resin ingress pipe, resin is along flow-guiding cloth, transverse channels and longitudinal diversion trench Fabric is infiltrated;After resin is impregnated with fabric completely, stop charging, and the vacuum pressure in vacuum bag is protected It holds below -0.1Mpa 4 hours, can be formed completely after solidification was not less than 20 hours at room temperature.
E, release cloth, flow-guiding cloth and vacuum bag are removed, the glass-reinforced plastic boat with longitudinal keel and transverse frame is obtained.
The technical effect of invention:(1)Glass-reinforced plastic boat structure of the invention, compared with the existing technology, the bottom of foam core material Fabric between wall and bottom plate extends to its two sides, can increase the cementing area between foam core material bottom wall and bottom plate, Increase the laying area of resin and fabric, is connected after resin solidification more secured;(2)Longitudinal keel/transverse frame bubble Each surface setting transverse channels of foam core material and longitudinal diversion trench, can accelerate the circulation efficiency of resin, while remaining in transverse direction Resin in diversion trench and longitudinal diversion trench can carry out cementing fixation with fabric, form grid row on the surface of foam core material The reinforcing rib of column, so that the connection between foam core material and bottom plate is more secured.
Detailed description of the invention
Invention is further described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification:
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of glass-reinforced plastic boat structure of the present invention;
The schematic diagram of the section structure when Fig. 2 is glass-reinforced plastic boat structure fabrication;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view of a-quadrant in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the distribution schematic diagram of foam core material surface transverse channels and longitudinal diversion trench.
In figure:Bottom plate 10, left strake 11, right strake 12, tail end side plate 13, front end side plate 14, first Vacuumize outlet 15, second vacuumizes outlet 16, transverse frame 17, longitudinal keel 18, fabric 2, and diversion trench 3 is longitudinally led Chute 31, transverse channels 32, resin ingress pipe 4, resin introducing port 41, foam core material 5, roof 52, bottom wall 53, left side wall 54, right side wall 55, vacuum bag 6, flow-guiding cloth 7, release cloth 8.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, the glass-reinforced plastic boat structure of the present embodiment includes:Integrally formed ships and light boats shell, the ships and light boats shell It is made of bottom plate 10, front end side plate 14, tail end side plate 13, left strake 11 and right strake 12, in ships and light boats shell More longitudinal keels 18 and Duo Gen transverse frame 17 are set, and the front end of transverse frame 17 is connected with right strake 12, cross rib The rear end of bone 17 is connected with left strake 11, and the front end of longitudinal keel 18 is connected with front end side plate 14 or transverse frame 17, The rear end of longitudinal keel 18 is connected with tail end side plate 13 or transverse frame 17;Each 18/ transverse frame 17 of longitudinal keel includes bubble PVC foam core material, nonflammable, high strength and deformation can be selected in foam core material 5 and fabric 2, foam core material 5;Foam core Material 5 is arranged in a rectangular parallelepiped shape, and a plurality of phase is respectively set on the roof 52 of foam core material 5, bottom wall 53, left side wall 54 and right side wall 55 Logical diversion trench 3, diversion trench 3 include a plurality of transverse channels 32 disposed in parallel, a plurality of longitudinal diversion trench 31 disposed in parallel, Transverse channels 32 and longitudinal diversion trench 31 on same side are vertically arranged, so as to form grid on the side of foam core material 5 The flow-guiding channel of shape;Transverse channels 31 and longitudinal diversion trench 32 are in semi-cylindrical, so that the arc-shaped setting of the inner wall of diversion trench, Conducive to resin circulation;Fabric 2 is wrapped in the surface of foam core material 5, and between the bottom wall 53 and bottom plate 10 of foam core material 5 Fabric 2 extends to its two sides, so that the section after the package fabric 2 of foam core material 5 is in ⊥ font;The resin edge of importing Diversion trench 3 foam core material 5 surface flow to be infiltrated to fabric 2, after resin solidification, adhere on fabric 2 Plastic bonding it is integral, fabric 2 and resin of the foam core material 5 through bottom wall 53 and the cementing fixation of bottom plate 10.
Embodiment 2
The manufacturing method of the glass-reinforced plastic boat structure of above-described embodiment 1, includes the following steps:
A, ships and light boats outer casing mold is made, and carries out waxing and gel coat spraying, there is bottom plate 10, front end side plate 14, tail to obtain The ships and light boats shell of end side 13, right strake 12 and left strake 11.
B, transverse channels 32 and longitudinal direction are processed on each surface of the foam core material 5 of 18/ transverse frame 17 of longitudinal keel Fabric 2 is wrapped in the outer surface of foam core material 5 by diversion trench 31, is laid between foam core material bottom wall 53 and bottom plate 10 more Layer fabric 2 and fabric 2 extend to the left and right sides of foam core material 5, so that after foam core material 5 wraps up fabric 2 Section be in ⊥ font, to increase the cementing area between foam core material bottom wall 53 and bottom plate 10.
C, it is laid with release cloth 8 outside fabric 2, flow-guiding cloth 7 is laid with outside release cloth 8, is laid with vacuum outside flow-guiding cloth 7 Multiple resin ingress pipes 4 are arranged on vacuum bag 6 in bag 6, the edge of vacuum bag 6 and ships and light boats outer casing mold bead sealed set, each to set Rouge ingress pipe 4 is placed on the foam core material roof 52 of corresponding 18/ transverse frame 17 of longitudinal keel, so that resin can be imported through resin Pipe 4 enters in vacuum bag 6, and the resin ingress pipe 4 of arranged on left and right sides distinguishes concentrated setting, imports tube inlet to form corresponding resin 41;It it is additionally provided with first on vacuum bag 6 vacuumizes outlet 15 and second and vacuumize outlet 16, first, which vacuumizes outlet 15, is placed in ships and light boats At the tail end side plate 13 of shell, second, which vacuumizes outlet 16, is placed at the front end side plate 14 of ships and light boats shell.
D, by the air-introduced machine of peripheral hardware by first vacuumize outlet 15 and second vacuumize outlet 16 pairs of vacuum bags 6 carry out Vacuumize, when pressure≤- 0.1Mpa in vacuum bag 6, resin import tube inlet 41 by resin by resin ingress pipe 4 into Enter in vacuum bag 6, resin infiltrates fabric 2 along flow-guiding cloth 7, transverse channels 32 and longitudinal diversion trench 31;Wait set After rouge is impregnated with fabric 2 completely, stop charging, and the vacuum pressure in vacuum bag 6 is maintained at -0.1Mpa or less 4 hours, It can be formed completely after solidification was not less than 20 hours at room temperature.
E, release cloth 8, flow-guiding cloth 7 and vacuum bag 6 are removed, the glass reinforced plastic with longitudinal keel 18 and transverse frame 17 is obtained Ships and light boats.
Obviously, the above embodiment is merely an example for clearly illustrating the present invention, and is not to of the invention The restriction of embodiment.For those of ordinary skill in the art, it can also be made on the basis of the above description Its various forms of variation or variation.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.And these belong to this hair Bright spiritual changes and variations that derived from are still in the protection scope of this invention.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate and skeleton vacuum resin import integral formation method, which is characterized in that including:Including Following steps:
A, ships and light boats outer casing mold is made, and carries out waxing and gel coat spraying, there is bottom plate, end side and strake to obtain Ships and light boats shell;
B, transverse channels and longitudinal diversion trench are processed on each surface of longitudinal keel/transverse frame foam core material, it will be fine Dimension fabric is wrapped in the outer surface of foam core material, and multi-layer fiber fabric and fabric are laid between foam core material bottom wall and bottom plate The left and right sides of foam core material is extended to, so that the section after foam core material package fabric is in ⊥ font;
C, it is laid with release cloth outside fabric, flow-guiding cloth is laid with outside release cloth, vacuum bag, vacuum bag are laid with outside flow-guiding cloth Edge and ships and light boats outer casing mold bead sealed set, multiple resin ingress pipes are set on vacuum bag, each resin ingress pipe is placed in On the foam core material roof of corresponding longitudinal keel/transverse frame, so that resin can enter in vacuum bag through resin ingress pipe;Vacuum Two are additionally provided on bag and vacuumizes outlet, respectively vacuumize front end side plate and tail end side that outlet is respectively placed in ships and light boats shell Plate;
D, it is vacuumized by the air-introduced machine of peripheral hardware by the outlet that vacuumizes at both ends, to pressure≤- 0.1Mpa in vacuum bag When, resin is entered in vacuum bag by resin ingress pipe, resin is along flow-guiding cloth, transverse channels and longitudinal diversion trench to fiber Fabric is infiltrated;After resin is impregnated with fabric completely, stop charging, and the vacuum pressure in vacuum bag is maintained at- It 0.1Mpa or less 4 hours, can be formed completely after solidification was not less than 20 hours at room temperature;
E, release cloth, flow-guiding cloth and vacuum bag are removed, the glass-reinforced plastic boat with longitudinal keel and transverse frame is obtained.
2. a kind of glass-reinforced plastic boat structure, which is characterized in that including:It integrally formed ships and light boats shell and is placed in ships and light boats shell More longitudinal keels, more transverse frames, the ships and light boats shell include bottom plate, end side and strake, the cross rib The front and rear ends of bone are connected with the strake, the front and rear ends of the longitudinal keel and the end side or cross rib Bone photo connects;Each longitudinal keel/transverse frame includes foam core material and fabric, and the foam core material is arranged in a rectangular parallelepiped shape, The a plurality of diversion trench communicated, the fabric package are respectively set on the roof of foam core material, bottom wall, left side wall and right side wall On the surface of the foam core material, and the fabric between the bottom wall of the foam core material and the bottom plate prolongs to its two sides It stretches, so that the section after foam core material package fabric is in ⊥ font.
3. glass-reinforced plastic boat structure according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the diversion trench is in semi-cylindrical.
4. glass-reinforced plastic boat structure according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the foam core material is PVC foam core material.
5. glass-reinforced plastic boat structure according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the diversion trench includes a plurality of is arranged in parallel Transverse channels, a plurality of longitudinal diversion trench disposed in parallel, the transverse channels and longitudinal direction diversion trench on same side are vertical Setting.
CN201710441402.9A 2017-05-27 2017-06-13 A kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate and skeleton vacuum resin import integral formation method Pending CN108928011A (en)

Priority Applications (2)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2017103914554 2017-05-27
CN201710391455 2017-05-27

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108928011A true CN108928011A (en) 2018-12-04

Family

ID=64447965

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710441402.9A Pending CN108928011A (en) 2017-05-27 2017-06-13 A kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate and skeleton vacuum resin import integral formation method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108928011A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110979548A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-10 无锡东方高速艇发展有限公司 Integral vacuum adsorption forming process method for ship body and longitudinal and transverse structures

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101041278A (en) * 2007-04-10 2007-09-26 南京工业大学 Alveolus type interlayer structure of the composite material
CN101417510A (en) * 2008-11-28 2009-04-29 威海中复西港船艇有限公司 Glass reinforced plastic boat production method
CN101564894A (en) * 2008-11-21 2009-10-28 深圳市海斯比船艇科技发展有限公司 Method for manufacturing composite-material hull of high-speed self-righting ship
CN102745307A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-24 深圳市海斯比船艇科技股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of ship and ship manufactured by using same
CN105480377A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-13 威海中复西港船艇有限公司 Ship body casing wall of prefabricated connecting fitting
CN106585873A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 浙江澳托美克船业有限公司 Manufacturing process for anti-sinking fiber reinforced plastic ship
CN207826473U (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-09-07 常州玻璃钢造船厂有限公司 A kind of glass-reinforced plastic boat structure

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101041278A (en) * 2007-04-10 2007-09-26 南京工业大学 Alveolus type interlayer structure of the composite material
CN101564894A (en) * 2008-11-21 2009-10-28 深圳市海斯比船艇科技发展有限公司 Method for manufacturing composite-material hull of high-speed self-righting ship
CN101417510A (en) * 2008-11-28 2009-04-29 威海中复西港船艇有限公司 Glass reinforced plastic boat production method
CN102745307A (en) * 2012-06-29 2012-10-24 深圳市海斯比船艇科技股份有限公司 Manufacturing method of ship and ship manufactured by using same
CN105480377A (en) * 2015-12-15 2016-04-13 威海中复西港船艇有限公司 Ship body casing wall of prefabricated connecting fitting
CN106585873A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-04-26 浙江澳托美克船业有限公司 Manufacturing process for anti-sinking fiber reinforced plastic ship
CN207826473U (en) * 2017-05-27 2018-09-07 常州玻璃钢造船厂有限公司 A kind of glass-reinforced plastic boat structure

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110979548A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-10 无锡东方高速艇发展有限公司 Integral vacuum adsorption forming process method for ship body and longitudinal and transverse structures

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN207826473U (en) A kind of glass-reinforced plastic boat structure
CN103496178B (en) A kind of vacuum of foam reinforced composite material structure injects integral forming method altogether
CN101352926B (en) Vacuum auxiliary molding technique produced by large-sized sandwich composite material
CN101417510B (en) Glass reinforced plastic boat production method
CN101725464B (en) Method for making vane of wind-driven generator by adopting ultra-high strength polyethylene fiber composites
CN104626607B (en) A kind of integral forming technique in light-duty carbon fiber compartment
CN108928011A (en) A kind of composite material ships and light boats outside plate and skeleton vacuum resin import integral formation method
CN105242337A (en) Pouring carbon plastic large spherical reflection lens and production method
CN109292059B (en) Pressure-resistant cabin for deep sea and preparation device and preparation method thereof
CN101412287A (en) Vacuum leading-in method with pressure transmission module
CN202741010U (en) Submerged-type hollow fiber membrane module
JP2004130723A (en) Method of manufacturing fiber-reinforced resin structure and manufacturing device using this method
CN109606551A (en) A kind of modularization yacht and assemble method
CN105437569A (en) Method for molding composite material reflector
CN103303430A (en) Advanced composite material submersible vehicle structure and manufacturing process thereof
CN105269837B (en) Crossbeam prefabricated component and its manufacture method, blade and its manufacture method
CN102785368B (en) Preparation method for super-hybrid composite material
CN205056958U (en) Many high -efficient multilayers are folded and are watered the gating system
CN112140594A (en) Carbon fiber blade integral forming method and product
CN210860123U (en) Glass steel pipe with heat expansion and cold shrinkage resistant structure
CN207789779U (en) A kind of polygon multilayer fabric composite material pipe preforming tool
CN107901454A (en) A kind of pre-forming device and its preformation method for multilayer fabric pultrude process
CN205553264U (en) Low cost production device of thin wall combined material skin structure spare
CN102179942A (en) Liquid forming method of composite material for closed die built-in resin flow distributor
CN109318507A (en) A kind of big L/D ratio carbon fibre reinforced pipe production mold and forming method

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination