CN108927486A - The higher riveting machine of safety - Google Patents

The higher riveting machine of safety Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108927486A
CN108927486A CN201811027546.0A CN201811027546A CN108927486A CN 108927486 A CN108927486 A CN 108927486A CN 201811027546 A CN201811027546 A CN 201811027546A CN 108927486 A CN108927486 A CN 108927486A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
riveting
fixed
frame
photoelectric sensor
seat
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Granted
Application number
CN201811027546.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108927486B (en
Inventor
潘长江
段文拯
王文磊
朱俊
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Changzhou College of Information Technology CCIT
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Changzhou College of Information Technology CCIT
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Priority to CN201811027546.0A priority Critical patent/CN108927486B/en
Publication of CN108927486A publication Critical patent/CN108927486A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108927486B publication Critical patent/CN108927486B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/38Accessories for use in connection with riveting, e.g. pliers for upsetting; Hand tools for riveting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/10Riveting machines
    • B21J15/16Drives for riveting machines; Transmission means therefor
    • B21J15/26Drives for riveting machines; Transmission means therefor operated by rotary drive, e.g. by electric motor

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of higher riveting machines of safety, are structurally characterized in that: including rack, riveting set and protective device.Riveting set is arranged on the rack.Riveting set includes driving assembly, transmission component, riveting component and guidance set.It drives the steel needle formed punch of riveting component to move downward along guidance set by transmission component by driving assembly, carries out riveting operation.Protective device includes protection slider cylinder, protective sheet and speed governing valve.Protective sheet is in U-shaped for opening forward.Protective sheet is fixed on the slide unit of protection slider cylinder by the rear part.Two ends of the U-shaped of protective sheet are corresponding with 2 guide sleeves on riveting seat respectively in the longitudinal direction.Protection slider cylinder is connected to by speed governing valve with corresponding gas source, extends and retracts speed by speed regulation valve regulation protective sheet.

Description

The higher riveting machine of safety
Technical field
The present invention relates to relay technical field, riveting machine that specifically a kind of pair of relay contact is installed.
Background technique
Switch relay is many kinds of, is applying among various switches extensively, plays important conducting in the switch and makees With.Contact is one of most important components of electromagnetic type relay.In traditional industry, riveting contacts operation also uses artificial side Formula is mainly controlled by a floor push, and worker is respectively clamped two to operating platform to riveting terminal with tweezers, fixed respectively Behind position, with foot, one rivet of riveting is stepped on.Such operation, yield rate are largely dependent upon the skilled journey of worker Degree.Moreover, existing such as in the production technology of existing artificial riveting contacts: production efficiency is low, labor intensity is big, product matter The problems such as measuring unstable, high production cost.Manual rivet has been unable to meet existing automation assemble production line and produces to components Amount, the demand of quality.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of structure is simple, the riveting that riveting installation is carried out to relay contact of high yield rate It picks.
Realizing the basic technical scheme of the object of the invention is: a kind of higher riveting machine of safety is structurally characterized in that: packet Including rack, riveting set and protective device.Riveting set is arranged on the rack.Riveting set include driving assembly, transmission component, Rivet component and guidance set.
Riveting component includes formed punch attachment base, drift mounting seat, steel needle formed punch, riveting guidance set, guide holder, riveting seat With positioning backup plate.Formed punch attachment base is fixed on transmission component.
Drift mounting seat is fixed on the lower middle side part of formed punch attachment base.Steel needle formed punch has 2,2 steel needle formed punches It is fixed in drift mounting seat by formed punch attachment base from uppermost limit.
Riveting guidance set has 2 groups, and 2 groups of riveting guidance sets include cylinder guide rod and linear bearing.2 groups of riveting guiding On the cylinder guide rod of component point is fixed at left and right sides of the downside of formed punch attachment base.
Guide holder is arranged on the downside of formed punch attachment base by 2 contour screw slippages.Contour screw and guide holder are solid Fixed connection, contour screw are slidably connected with formed punch attachment base.The linear bearing of 2 groups of riveting guidance sets, which is respectively fixedly disposed at, leads To on the left and right sides of seat, and it is slidably arranged on the corresponding cylinder guide rod on formed punch attachment base respectively.The middle part of guide holder Equipped with downwardly projecting positioning region, outside the downside of the downwardly projecting linear bearing in riveting guidance set in positioning region.Positioning region It is equipped with 2 riveted holes above and below it.The lower end corresponding site of 2 steel needle formed punches is located at corresponding 1 of positioning region In the top of riveted holes.
Riveting seat is fixed on the front lower part of main frame body, positioned at the lower section of drift mounting seat.It rivets seat and is equipped with 2 A guide sleeve corresponding with 2 cylinder guide rods on formed punch attachment base.The middle part rear portion of riveting seat is equipped with determines with guide holder The corresponding locating slot in position portion, locating slot are equipped with 2 and put blind hole for putting the contact of relay contact, and 2 contacts are put The position of blind hole is corresponding with the riveted holes of positioning region respectively.The middle part front for riveting seat is equipped with discharging inclined-plane.
Positioning backup plate is higher by riveting seat on being fixed in the middle part of the rear side of riveting seat upwards, and seals from rear by locating slot Firmly.The left part for positioning backup plate is located at the part riveted on the upside of seat and is equipped with forwardly convex guide part, the guide part right upper portion Equipped with the first guiding surface, the first guiding surface is arranged in right low left high.
The top for positioning backup plate is equipped with the second guiding surface.Second guiding surface intersects with the first guiding surface, in rear high Preceding low setting.It drives the steel needle formed punch of riveting component to move downward along guidance set by transmission component by driving assembly, carries out Rivet operation.Protective device includes protection slider cylinder, protective sheet and speed governing valve.Protective sheet is in U-shaped for opening forward.Protective sheet It is fixed at by the rear part on the slide unit of protection slider cylinder.Distinguish in the longitudinal direction two ends of the U-shaped of protective sheet It is corresponding with 2 guide sleeves on riveting seat.Protection slider cylinder is connected to by speed governing valve with corresponding gas source, and speed governing valve tune is passed through Section protective sheet extends and retracts speed.
Technical solution based on above-mentioned basic technical scheme is: rack includes main frame body and inner frame body.Main frame body Lower part is equipped with mounting base.The surrounding of main frame body and top are equipped with corresponding sealing plate.The lower part of inner frame body is equipped with the second installation bottom Plate.Forequarter is each side equipped with one piece of support plate on second mounting base.Inner frame body is set by the fixation of its second mounting base It sets on the upside of the mounting base of main frame body, is located in main frame body.A raw material box is respectively provided at left and right sides of frame front.
Technical solution based on above-mentioned corresponding technical solution is: riveting set further includes unidirectional limit assembly.
Driving assembly includes motor, drive shaft and drive disk.Motor uses threephase asynchronous machine.Including motor fixed setting On frame body, motor shaft stretches out upwards.Drive shaft passes through in the bearing block and the bearing block being arranged on inner frame body accordingly Bearing is rotatably arranged on inner frame body, and rotation axis is vertically to setting.Drive shaft passes through the motor shaft of shaft coupling and motor Electric machine shaft driving connection.Drive disk is coaxially keyed on the upper end of drive shaft.The periphery of drive disk is equipped with above and below it Spacing breach.
Transmission component includes first connecting rod, the first attachment base, cursor, the second attachment base, the first mounting base and the first water Flat line guide rail.The rear and front end of first connecting rod passes through corresponding oscillating bearing and the first attachment base respectively and drive disk rotation connects It connects.Cursor is L-shaped.Cursor is rotatably arranged between the top of 2 pieces of support plates of inner frame body by its middle part.Cursor top End is equipped with vertically to setting kidney ellipsoid pilot hole, and the first attachment base is equipped with rotation axis, which is slidably arranged in In the kidney ellipsoid pilot hole on cursor top;The lower front part head of cursor is equipped with edge and controls to setting kidney ellipsoid pilot hole, Second attachment base is equipped with rotation axis, which is slidably arranged in the kidney ellipsoid pilot hole of cursor lower front part head.The Two attachment bases are fixed in the first mounting base.The guide rail of first level linear guide is along front and back to being fixed at inner frame body Top on.First attachment base is fixed on the sliding block of first level linear guide.
Unidirectional limit assembly is unidirectional limited block.Unidirectional limited block is along front and back to being horizontally disposed with, and unidirectional limited block is by before it Portion's rotation connection is arranged on inner frame body top, and unidirectional limited block is adjacent to its rear end always to the left by corresponding torsional spring to drive It on the periphery of Moving plate, rotate drive disk can only in one direction.
Technical solution based on above-mentioned corresponding technical solution is: guidance set includes the first vertical line guide rail and the Two vertical line guide rails.Before first vertical line guide rail and the second vertical line guide rail are successively set on inner frame body from left to right On side.First vertical line guide rail is from its guide rail vertically on the front side for being fixed at inner frame body.Second vertical line is led Rail from its guide rail vertically on the front side for being fixed at inner frame body, positioned at the right side of the first vertical line guide rail.First peace Dress seat is fixed on the sliding block of the first vertical line guide rail and the sliding block of the second vertical line guide rail.
Technical solution based on above-mentioned corresponding technical solution is: further including discharging device.Discharging device includes first Deflector chute, the second deflector chute and rewinding basket.First deflector chute along front and back in low setting before rear high in the front lower part of main frame body On.Second deflector chute is equipped with charging on the front lower part that main frame body is arranged in right low left high, on rear side of left end along left and right and lacks Mouthful.The front discharge port of first deflector chute is located in the charging notch of the second deflector chute.Rewinding basket is placed in the second deflector chute Right part discharge port goes out, for collecting the relay contact riveted.The feed inlet of first deflector chute is located at the lower section of riveting seat, with The position on discharging inclined-plane is corresponding.
Technical solution based on above-mentioned corresponding technical solution is: further including stop gauge.Stop gauge includes backgauge Slider cylinder and striker plate.Backgauge slider cylinder is fixed on the front lower part of rack.Striker plate is fixed at backgauge On the slide unit of slider cylinder, the backgauge portion of striker plate along left and right to being vertically arranged, the discharge port positioned at the discharging inclined-plane of riveting seat Front side.
Technical solution based on above-mentioned corresponding technical solution is: further including sensor module.The first of transmission component The right side of mounting base is equipped with anti-dazzling screen, and the right end shading light part of anti-dazzling screen is along front and back to being vertically arranged.Sensor module includes the One riveting photoelectric sensor and the second riveting photoelectric sensor.First riveting photoelectric sensor is groove type photoelectric sensor.The Two riveting photoelectric sensors are groove type photoelectric sensor.First riveting photoelectric sensor and the second riveting photoelectric sensor are along upper It is lower on the front side right part for being successively fixed at inner frame body, the first riveting photoelectric sensor and the second riveting photoelectric sensor Groove is vertically to setting, the position and the first mounting base of the first riveting photoelectric sensor and the second riveting photoelectric sensor Anti-dazzling screen is corresponding, and the anti-dazzling screen of the first mounting base can vertically be riveted to when movement from the first riveting photoelectric sensor and second Pass through in the groove of photoelectric sensor.
Technical solution based on above-mentioned corresponding technical solution is: further including sensor module.Sensor module includes Third photoelectric sensor.Third photoelectric sensor is fixed on the lower part of the second deflector chute, for record riveted after The quantity of appliance contact.
Technical solution based on above-mentioned corresponding technical solution is: further including sensor module.Sensor module includes Close to switch.It is fixed on positioning anchor forward close to switch, whether the hand for detection workman is in riveting region.
The present invention has the following beneficial effects: (1) it is of the invention riveting machine structure it is simple, accurate positioning greatly improves Yield rate, use are safe.
(2) raw material box is respectively provided at left and right sides of the frame front of riveting machine of the invention, a raw material box is for depositing Relay contact to be riveted is put, another raw material box is greatly improved work efficiency for putting contact to be riveted.
(3) riveting set of riveting machine of the invention is equipped with limit assembly, it is ensured that drive disk one-directional rotation.
(4) riveting set of riveting machine of the invention is equipped with guidance set, and riveting process is more smooth, accurately, is conducive to Improve yield rate.
(5) the positioning backup plate of riveting machine of the invention is equipped with the first guiding surface and the second guiding surface, is conducive to be oriented to Seat is smoothly accurately fallen into locating slot, while guaranteeing that relay contact can smoothly enter into riveted holes.
(6) riveting machine of the invention is equipped with stop gauge, is avoided that the relay contact not riveted is fallen into rewinding basket, subtracts Few time waste, improves working efficiency.
(7) riveting machine of the invention is equipped with close to switch and protective device, is avoided that the hand for weighing worker wounded, improves safety Property.Protective device is equipped with speed governing valve, is adjusted correspondingly according to the skilled operation degree of worker, more adaptable, not only fits Symphysis hand uses, and is conducive to skilled worker and improves working efficiency.
(8) riveting machine of the invention is equipped with third photoelectric sensor, for recording the quantity for completing riveting, further increases Working efficiency.
(9) riveting machine of the invention is equipped with discharging device, convenient for collecting finished product, improves working efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the higher riveting machine of safety of the invention;
Schematic diagram when Fig. 2 is from the front upper right of Fig. 1;
Schematic diagram when Fig. 3 is from the left anterior-superior part of Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is that Fig. 1 removes the structural schematic diagram after two pieces of support plates on sealing plate and inner frame body in rack;
Fig. 5 is the right side view of Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is the left view schematic diagram of Fig. 4;
Fig. 7 is the schematic top plan view of Fig. 4;
Schematic diagram when Fig. 8 is from the front upper right of Fig. 4;
Schematic diagram when Fig. 9 is from the left front lower section of Fig. 4;
The enlarged structure of inner frame body corresponding portion and riveting component corresponding portion is illustrated when Figure 10 is from the right of Fig. 1 Figure;
Schematic diagram when Figure 11 is from the left anterior-superior part of Figure 10;
Schematic diagram when Figure 12 is from the left back top of Figure 10;
Schematic diagram when Figure 13 is from the left front lower section of Figure 10;
Formed punch attachment base, drift mounting seat, steel needle formed punch, riveting guiding group when Figure 14 is from the right back lower place of Fig. 1 The schematic diagram of part and guide holder;
Formed punch attachment base, drift mounting seat, steel needle formed punch, riveting guiding group when Figure 15 is from the right back upper place of Fig. 1 The schematic diagram of part and guide holder;
The schematic diagram of riveting seat and positioning backup plate when Figure 16 is from the left anterior-superior part of Fig. 1;
The schematic diagram of riveting seat and positioning backup plate when Figure 17 is from the right back upper place of Fig. 1;
The enlarged structure signal of backgauge component, discharge component and guard assembly when Figure 18 is from the front upper right of Fig. 1 Figure;
The enlarged structure signal of backgauge component, discharge component and guard assembly when Figure 19 is from the right back upper place of Fig. 1 Figure.
Label in attached drawing are as follows:
Rack 1, main frame body 11, mounting base 11-1, inner frame body 12, the second mounting base 12-1, support plate 12-2, raw material Box 13,
Riveting set 2,
Driving assembly 2-1, motor 2-11, drive shaft 2-12, drive disk 2-13, spacing breach 2-13-1,
Transmission component 2-2, first connecting rod 2-21, the first attachment base 2-22, cursor 2-23, the second attachment base 2-24, the One mounting base 2-25, anti-dazzling screen 2-25a, first level linear guide 2-26,
Component 2-3, contour screw 2-3a are riveted,
Formed punch attachment base 2-3-1,
Drift mounting seat 2-3-2,
Steel needle formed punch 2-3-3,
Guidance set 2-3-4, cylinder guide rod 2-3-41, linear bearing 2-3-42 are riveted,
Guide holder 2-3-5, positioning region 2-3-5a, riveted holes 2-3-5a-1,
Seat 2-3-6, guide sleeve 2-3-6-1, locating slot 2-3-6a are riveted, blind hole 2-3-6b is put in contact, and discharge inclined-plane 2-3- 6c,
Backup plate 2-3-7, guide part 2-3-7a, the first guiding surface 2-3-7a-1, the second guiding surface 2-3-7b are positioned,
Guidance set 2-4, the first vertical line guide rail 2-41, the second vertical line guide rail 2-42,
Limit assembly 2-5,
Stop gauge 3, backgauge slider cylinder 3-1, striker plate 3-2,
Discharging device 4, the first deflector chute 4-1, the second deflector chute 4-2, rewinding basket 4-3,
Protective device 5 protects slider cylinder 5-1, protective sheet 5-2, speed governing valve 5-3,
Sensor module 6, the first riveting photoelectric sensor 6-1, the second riveting photoelectric sensor 6-2, close switch 6-3, Third photoelectric sensor 6-4,
Relay contact 10.
Specific embodiment
In order that the present invention can be more clearly and readily understood, right below according to specific embodiment and in conjunction with attached drawing The present invention is described in further detail.The description in orientation of the invention is according to shown in orientation shown in FIG. 1 progress namely Fig. 1 Direction up and down be the direction up and down described, a side of court of Fig. 1 institute is front, and the side away from Fig. 1 is rear. It is to be appreciated that the indicating positions such as term " on ", "lower", "inner", "outside" or positional relationship are based on position described in attached drawing Relationship is merely for convenience of the description present invention or simplifies description, rather than the specific orientation that instruction must have.
It should also be noted that similar label and letter indicate similar terms in following attached drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined in a attached drawing, does not then need that it is further defined and explained in subsequent attached drawing.Meanwhile of the invention In description, term " first ", " second " etc. are only used for distinguishing description, are not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
(embodiment 1)
See Fig. 1 to Figure 15, the higher riveting machine of safety of the invention include rack 1, riveting set 2, stop gauge 3, Discharging device 4 and protective device 5.
See Fig. 1 to Figure 15, rack 1 includes main frame body 11 and inner frame body 12.The lower part of main frame body 11 is equipped with mounting base 11- 1.The surrounding of main frame body 11 and top are equipped with corresponding sealing plate.The lower part of inner frame body 12 is equipped with the second mounting base 12-1.Second Forequarter is each side equipped with one piece of support plate 12-2 on mounting base 12-1.Inner frame body 12 is by its second mounting base 12-1 It is fixed on the upside of mounting base 11-1 of main frame body 11, is located in main frame body 11.1 front of rack is each side set There is a raw material box 13, a raw material box 13 is for storing relay contact 10 to be riveted, another raw material box 13 is for putting Put contact to be riveted.
See that Fig. 1 to Figure 13, riveting set 2 include driving assembly 2-1, transmission component 2-2, riveting component 2-3, guidance set 2-4 and limit assembly 2-5.
Driving assembly 2-1 includes motor 2-11, drive shaft 2-12 and drive disk 2-13.Motor 2-11 uses phase asynchronous electricity Machine.Motor 2-11 is fixed on inner frame body 12, and motor shaft stretches out upwards.Including drive shaft 2-12 by being arranged accordingly The bearing in bearing block and the bearing block on frame body 12 is rotatably arranged on inner frame body 12, and rotation axis is vertically to setting. Drive shaft 2-12 is connect by shaft coupling with the electric machine shaft driving of the motor shaft 2-12 of motor 2-11.Drive disk 2-13 connects with axle key It connects on the upper end of drive shaft 2-12.The periphery of drive disk 2-13 is equipped with the spacing breach 2-13-1 above and below it.
Transmission component 2-2 include first connecting rod 2-21, the first attachment base 2-22, cursor 2-23, the second attachment base 2-24, First mounting base 2-25 and first level linear guide 2-26.The rear and front end of first connecting rod 2-21 passes through corresponding joint respectively Bearing and the first attachment base 2-22 and drive disk 2-13 are rotatablely connected.Cursor 2-23 is L-shaped.Cursor 2-23 is turned by its middle part It is dynamic to be arranged between the top of 2 pieces of support plate 12-2 of inner frame body 12.The top cursor 2-23 end is equipped with vertically to setting Kidney ellipsoid pilot hole is set, the first attachment base 2-22 is equipped with rotation axis, which is slidably arranged in the top cursor 2-23 In kidney ellipsoid pilot hole.The lower front part head of cursor 2-23, which is equipped with, to be connected along left and right to setting kidney ellipsoid pilot hole, second Seat 2-24 is equipped with rotation axis, which is slidably arranged in the kidney ellipsoid pilot hole of cursor 2-23 lower front part head.The Two attachment base 2-24 are fixed on the first mounting base 2-25.The guide rail of first level linear guide 2-26 is along front and back to fixation It is arranged on the top of inner frame body 12.First attachment base 2-22 is fixed on the sliding block of first level linear guide 2-26. The right side of first mounting base 2-25 is equipped with anti-dazzling screen 2-25a, and the right end shading light part of anti-dazzling screen 2-25a is along front and back to setting vertically It sets.
Riveting component 2-3 includes formed punch attachment base 2-3-1, drift mounting seat 2-3-2, steel needle formed punch 2-3-3, riveting guiding Component 2-3-4, guide holder 2-3-5, riveting seat 2-3-6 and positioning backup plate 2-3-7.
Formed punch attachment base 2-3-1 is fixed on the first mounting base 2-25 of transmission component 2-2.
Drift mounting seat 2-3-2 is fixed on the lower middle side part of formed punch attachment base 2-3-1.Steel needle formed punch 2-3-3 has 2 A, 2 steel needle formed punch 2-3-3 are fixed in drift mounting seat 2-3-2 by formed punch attachment base 2-3-1 from uppermost limit.
Riveting guidance set 2-3-4 has 2 groups, and 2 groups of riveting guidance set 2-3-4 include cylinder guide rod 2-3-41 and straight line Bearing 2-3-42.The cylinder guide rod 2-3-41 of 2 groups of riveting guidance set 2-3-4 points are fixed at formed punch attachment base 2-3-1's On at left and right sides of downside.
Guide holder 2-3-5 is slidably arranged on the downside of formed punch attachment base 2-3-1 by 2 contour screw 2-3a.It is contour Screw 2-3a is fixedly connected with guide holder 2-3-5, and contour screw 2-3a is slidably connected with formed punch attachment base 2-3-1.2 groups of rivetings are led It is respectively fixedly disposed on the left and right sides of guide holder 2-3-5 to the linear bearing 2-3-42 of component 2-3-4, and sliding is set respectively It sets on the corresponding cylinder guide rod 2-3-41 on formed punch attachment base 2-3-1.The middle part of guide holder 2-3-5 is equipped with downwardly projecting The downside of the downwardly projecting linear bearing 2-3-42 in riveting guidance set 2-3-4 of positioning region 2-3-5a, positioning region 2-3-5a Outside.Positioning region 2-3-5a is equipped with 2 riveted holes 2-3-5a-1 above and below it.The lower end of 2 steel needle formed punch 2-3-3 is corresponding Position is located in the top of corresponding 1 riveted holes 2-3-5a-1 of positioning region 2-3-5a.
Riveting seat 2-3-6 is fixed on the front lower part of main frame body, positioned at the lower section of drift mounting seat 2-3-2.Riveting Joint chair 2-3-6 is equipped with 2 guide sleeve 2-3-6-1s corresponding with 2 cylinder guide rod 2-3-41 on formed punch attachment base 2-3-1. The middle part rear portion for riveting seat 2-3-6 is equipped with locating slot 2-3-6a corresponding with the positioning region 2-3-5a of guide holder 2-3-5, fixed Position slot 2-3-6a is equipped with 2 and puts blind hole 2-3-6b for putting the contact of relay contact 10, and blind hole 2-3- is put in 2 contacts The position of 6b is corresponding with the riveted holes 2-3-5a-1 of positioning region 2-3-5a respectively.The middle part front for riveting seat 2-3-6 is equipped with Expect inclined-plane 2-3-6c.
Positioning backup plate 2-3-7 is fixed in the middle part of the rear side of riveting seat 2-3-6 is higher by riveting seat 2-3-6 upwards, and It is sealed from rear by locating slot 2-3-6a.Position backup plate 2-3-7 left part be located at riveting seat 2-3-6 on the upside of part be equipped with to The guide part 2-3-7a of preceding protrusion, guide part 2-3-7a right upper portion are equipped with the first guiding surface 2-3-7a-1, the first guiding Inclined-plane 2-3-7a-1 is arranged in right low left high.
The top for positioning backup plate 2-3-7 is equipped with the second guiding surface 2-3-7b.Second guiding surface 2-3-7b is led with first Intersect to inclined-plane 2-3-7a-1, in low setting before rear height.
Guidance set 2-4 includes the first vertical line guide rail 2-41 and the second vertical line guide rail 2-42.First is vertical straight Line guide rail 2-41 and the second vertical line guide rail 2-42 are successively set on from left to right on the front side of inner frame body 12.First is vertical straight Line guide rail 2-41 is from its guide rail vertically to being fixed on the front side of inner frame body 12.Second vertical line guide rail 2-42 is by it Guide rail is vertically to being fixed on the front side of inner frame body 12, positioned at the right side of the first vertical line guide rail 2-41.First peace Dress seat 2-25 is fixed on the sliding block of the first vertical line guide rail 2-41 and the sliding block of the second vertical line guide rail 2-42.
Unidirectional limit assembly 2-5 is unidirectional limited block.Unidirectional limited block is along front and back to being horizontally disposed with, and unidirectional limited block is by it Front rotation connection is arranged on 12 top of inner frame body, and unidirectional limited block is adjacent to its rear end always to the left by corresponding torsional spring It on the periphery of drive disk 2-13, rotate drive disk 2-13 can only in one direction.
See that Fig. 1 to Figure 15, discharging device 4 include the first deflector chute 4-1, the second deflector chute 4-2 and rewinding basket 4-3.First Deflector chute 4-1 along front and back in low setting before rear high on the front lower part of main frame body 11.Second deflector chute 4-2 is along left and right to being in Right low left high is arranged on the front lower part of main frame body 11, and charging notch 4-21 is equipped on rear side of left end.First deflector chute 4-1's Front discharge port is located in the charging notch 4-21 of the second deflector chute 4-2.Rewinding basket 4-3 is placed in the right side of the second deflector chute 4-2 Portion's discharge port goes out, for collecting the relay contact 10 riveted.The feed inlet of first deflector chute 4-1 is located at riveting seat 2-3-6 Lower section, it is corresponding with the discharging position of inclined-plane 2-3-6c, from the relay contact riveted that slides of discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c 10 fall into the first deflector chute 4-1, and slide forward along the first deflector chute 4-1 continuation into the second deflector chute 4-2, from second It slides to the right in deflector chute 4-2 into rewinding basket.
See that Fig. 1 to Figure 15, stop gauge 3 include backgauge slider cylinder 3-1 and striker plate 3-2.Backgauge slider cylinder 3-1 is solid It is arranged on the front lower part of main frame body 11 calmly.Striker plate 3-2 is fixed on the slide unit of backgauge slider cylinder 3-1, backgauge The backgauge portion of plate 3-2 along left and right to being vertically arranged, lead with first by the discharge port positioned at the discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c of riveting seat 2-3-6 Between the feed inlet of hopper 4-1, striker plate 3-2 side-to-side movement is driven by backgauge slider cylinder 3-1, makes to discharge inclined-plane 2-3-6c's Discharge port is connected to or disconnects with the feed inlet of the first deflector chute 4-1.
See that Fig. 1 to Figure 15, protective device 5 include protection slider cylinder 5-1, protective sheet 5-2 and speed governing valve 5-3.Protective sheet 5-2 is in U-shaped for opening forward.Protective sheet 5-2 is fixed on the slide unit of protection slider cylinder 5-1 by the rear part.Protective sheet Two ends of the U-shaped of 5-2 are corresponding with 2 guide sleeve 2-3-6-1 on riveting seat 2-3-6 respectively in the longitudinal direction.Protection Slider cylinder 5-1 is connected to by speed governing valve 5-3 with corresponding gas source, and the stretching and contracting of protective sheet 5-2 are adjusted by speed governing valve 5-3 Return speed.
See that Fig. 1 to Figure 15, sensor module 6 include the first riveting photoelectric sensor 6-1, the second riveting photoelectric sensor 6- 2, close to switch 6-3 and third photoelectric sensor 6-4.First riveting photoelectric sensor 6-1 is recessed using the EE-SX474 of Omron Flute profile photoelectric sensor.Second riveting photoelectric sensor 6-2 uses the EE-SX474 groove type photoelectric sensor of Omron.First The riveting of photoelectric sensor 6-1 and second photoelectric sensor 6-2 is riveted vertically to the front side for being successively fixed at inner frame body 12 On right part, the groove of the first riveting photoelectric sensor 6-1 and the second riveting photoelectric sensor 6-2 are vertically to setting, and first Rivet position and the anti-dazzling screen 2-25a phase of the first mounting base 2-25 of the riveting of photoelectric sensor 6-1 and second photoelectric sensor 6-2 Corresponding, the anti-dazzling screen 2-25a of the first mounting base 2-25 vertically can rivet photoelectric sensor 6-1 and second from first to when movement It rivets and passes through in the groove of photoelectric sensor 6-2, the first riveting photoelectric sensor 6-1 is in for judging whether riveting resets In place whether initial position, the second riveting photoelectric sensor 6-2 rivet downwards for judging.
It is fixed on positioning backup plate 2-3-7 forward close to switch 6-3, whether the hand for detection workman is in riveting area Domain.In use, when the hand for detecting worker close to switch 6-3 is in and rivets region (namely worker is by relay to be riveted When device contact 10 is put on riveting seat 2-3-6 or when taking out the relay contact 10 riveted), protect slider cylinder 5-1 Slide unit drive protective sheet 5-2 travel forward, make two ends of the U-shaped of protective sheet 5-2 be located at riveting seat 2-3-6 2 The top of a guide sleeve 2-3-6-1 can prevent 2 cylinder guide rod 2-3-41 on formed punch attachment base 2-3-1 from entering guide sleeve 2-3-6-1 In, to prevent guide holder 2-3-5 from continuing to move downward and weigh worker wounded, improve safety.When worker puts relay contact 10 When putting well, after detecting that the hand of worker has been taken away close to switch 6-3, the slide unit of protection slider cylinder 5-1 drives protective sheet 5-2 It moves backward, equipment enters job state to be riveted.
Third photoelectric sensor 6-4 uses the E3T-ST11 photoelectric sensor of Omron.Third photoelectric sensor 6-4 is fixed It is arranged on the lower part of the second deflector chute 4-2, by third when the relay contact 10 riveted slides from the second deflector chute 4-2 The light 6-4a of photoelectric sensor 6-4 is blocked, and is often blocked third photoelectric sensor 6-4 record and once, is riveted for recording Relay contact 10 quantity.
When riveting machine of the invention uses: first taking out relay contact 10 and touching to be riveted from raw material box 13 by worker Blind hole 2-3-6b and locating slot 2- are put in piece, the contact that riveting seat 2-3-6 is put after relay contact 10 and contact are spelled In 3-6a.Backgauge slider cylinder 3-1 drives striker plate 3-2 that the backgauge portion of striker plate 3-2 is made to be located at going out for riveting seat 2-3-6 at this time Expect to prevent the relay contact not riveted 10 from falling between the discharge port of inclined-plane 2-3-6c and the feed inlet of the first deflector chute 4-1 In rewinding basket 4-3.When close to switch 6-3 detect worker hand be in rivet region when (namely worker by it is to be riveted after When appliance contact 10 is put on riveting seat 2-3-6), the slide unit of protection slider cylinder 5-1 drives protective sheet 5-2 to travel forward, So that two ends of the U-shaped of protective sheet 5-2 is located at the top of 2 guide sleeve 2-3-6-1 of riveting seat 2-3-6, punching can be prevented 2 cylinder guide rod 2-3-41 on head attachment base 2-3-1 enter in guide sleeve 2-3-6-1, thus prevent guide holder 2-3-5 continue to Lower movement weighs worker wounded, improves safety.When relay contact 10 is well placed by worker, worker is detected close to switch 6-3 Hand taken away after, protection slider cylinder 5-1 slide unit drive protective sheet 5-2 move backward, equipment enter operation to be riveted State.The motor 2-11 of starting device at this time, driving assembly 2-1 drives drive disk 2-13 to rotate counterclockwise 180 degree (referring to figure 7), during this, drive disk 2-13 makes the first attachment base 2-22 along first level linear guide 2-26 by first connecting rod 2-21 It travels forward, so that the top cursor 2-23 be made to rotate forward, being moved downward by the lower part cursor 2-23 makes the first mounting base 2-25 is moved downward along the first vertical line guide rail 2-41 and the second vertical line guide rail 2-42.Rivet guidance set 2-3-4's Cylinder guide rod 2-3-41 is inserted into respectively in corresponding guide sleeve 2-3-6-1.Contact is pressed on locating slot 2- downwards by guide holder 2-3-5 In 3-6a, 10 top corresponding portion of relay contact is located in riveted holes 2-3-5a-1, and formed punch attachment base 2-3-1 is along contour screw 2-3a continues to move downwards, and cylinder guide rod 2-3-41 continues to move downward with formed punch attachment base 2-3-1, to make steel needle formed punch 2- The top of the potential relay contact 10 from the top down 3-3, relay contact 10 is riveted on contact;Meanwhile backgauge slider cylinder 3-1 driving striker plate 3-2 makes the backgauge portion of striker plate 3-2 remove the discharging for riveting the discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c of seat 2-3-6 to the right Between mouth and the feed inlet of the first deflector chute 4-1, make the discharge port and the first guide of the discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c for riveting seat 2-3-6 The feed inlet of slot 4-1 is connected.The motor 2-11 of driving assembly 2-1 continues that drive disk 2-13 is driven to continue to rotate 180 degree, this mistake Cheng Zhong, drive disk 2-13 transport the first attachment base 2-22 backward along first level linear guide 2-26 by first connecting rod 2-21 Dynamic, so that the top cursor 2-23 be made to rotate backward, being moved upwards by the lower part cursor 2-23 makes the first edge mounting base 2-25 First vertical line guide rail 2-41 and the second vertical line guide rail 2-42 are moved upwards.Formed punch attachment base 2-3-1 is moved upwards, and is led to Crossing contour screw 2-3a drives guide holder 2-3-5 to move upwards;Meanwhile backgauge slider cylinder 3-1 driving striker plate 3-2 makes backgauge The backgauge portion of plate 3-2 be moved to the left riveting seat 2-3-6 discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c discharge port and the first deflector chute 4-1 into Between material mouth, disconnect the discharge port of discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c for riveting seat 2-3-6 and the feed inlet of the first deflector chute 4-1.It is complete After riveting, worker takes out the relay contact 10 riveted from riveting seat 2-3-6 makes it under discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c It is sliding.And it is blocked by the backgauge portion of striker plate 3-2.When carrying out second of riveting operation, backgauge is driven in backgauge slider cylinder 3-1 Plate 3-2 makes the backgauge portion of striker plate 3-2 remove the discharge port and the first guide for riveting the discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c of seat 2-3-6 to the right When between the feed inlet of slot 4-1, the relay contact 10 riveted falls into the first deflector chute 4-1 from discharging inclined-plane 2-3-6c, It is fallen into the second deflector chute 4-2 along the first deflector chute 4-1, when by third photoelectric sensor 6-4, by third photoelectric sensor 6-4 is counted, and is finally fallen into rewinding basket 4-3.
Particular embodiments described above has carried out further in detail the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effects It describes in detail bright, it should be understood that the above is only a specific embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, it is all Within the spirit and principles in the present invention, any modification, equivalent substitution, improvement and etc. done should be included in guarantor of the invention Within the scope of shield.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of higher riveting machine of safety, it is characterised in that: including rack, riveting set and protective device;Riveting set It is arranged on the rack;Riveting set includes driving assembly, transmission component, riveting component and guidance set;
Riveting component includes formed punch attachment base, drift mounting seat, steel needle formed punch, riveting guidance set, guide holder, riveting seat and determines Position backup plate;Formed punch attachment base is fixed on transmission component;
Drift mounting seat is fixed on the lower middle side part of formed punch attachment base;Steel needle formed punch has 2, and 2 steel needle formed punches are rushed Head attachment base is fixed in drift mounting seat from uppermost limit;
Riveting guidance set has 2 groups, and 2 groups of riveting guidance sets include cylinder guide rod and linear bearing;2 groups of riveting guidance sets Cylinder guide rod point be fixed at left and right sides of the downside of formed punch attachment base;
Guide holder is arranged on the downside of formed punch attachment base by 2 contour screw slippages;Contour screw and the fixed company of guide holder It connects, contour screw is slidably connected with formed punch attachment base;The linear bearing of 2 groups of riveting guidance sets is respectively fixedly disposed at guide holder The left and right sides on, and be slidably arranged on the corresponding cylinder guide rod on formed punch attachment base respectively;The middle part of guide holder is equipped with Downwardly projecting positioning region, positioning region are downwardly projecting in outside the downside of linear bearing for riveting guidance set;It is set on positioning region There are 2 riveted holes above and below it;The lower end corresponding site of 2 steel needle formed punches is located at corresponding 1 riveting of positioning region In the top in hole;
Riveting seat is fixed on the front lower part of main frame body, positioned at the lower section of drift mounting seat;Rivet seat be equipped with 2 with The corresponding guide sleeve of 2 cylinder guide rods on formed punch attachment base;The middle part rear portion of seat is riveted equipped with the positioning region with guide holder Corresponding locating slot, locating slot are equipped with 2 and put blind hole for putting the contact of relay contact, and blind hole is put in 2 contacts Position it is corresponding with the riveted holes of positioning region respectively;The middle part front for riveting seat is equipped with discharging inclined-plane;
Positioning backup plate is higher by riveting seat on being fixed in the middle part of the rear side of riveting seat upwards, and seals from rear by locating slot; The left part for positioning backup plate is located at the part riveted on the upside of seat and is equipped with forwardly convex guide part, which is equipped with First guiding surface, the first guiding surface are arranged in right low left high;
The top for positioning backup plate is equipped with the second guiding surface;Second guiding surface intersects with the first guiding surface, in low before rear height Setting;It drives the steel needle formed punch of riveting component to move downward along guidance set by transmission component by driving assembly, is riveted Operation;Protective device includes protection slider cylinder, protective sheet and speed governing valve;Protective sheet is in U-shaped for opening forward;Protective sheet is by it Rear portion is fixed on the slide unit of protection slider cylinder;Two ends of the U-shaped of protective sheet in the longitudinal direction respectively with riveting 2 guide sleeves on joint chair are corresponding;Protection slider cylinder is connected to by speed governing valve with corresponding gas source, anti-by speed regulation valve regulation Bluff piece extends and retracts speed.
2. the higher riveting machine of safety according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: rack includes main frame body and internal frame Body;The lower part of main frame body is equipped with mounting base;The surrounding of main frame body and top are equipped with corresponding sealing plate;The lower part of inner frame body is equipped with Second mounting base;Forequarter is each side equipped with one piece of support plate on second mounting base;Inner frame body second is installed by it Bottom plate is fixed on the upside of the mounting base of main frame body, is located in main frame body;One is respectively provided at left and right sides of frame front A raw material box.
3. the higher riveting machine of safety according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: riveting set further includes unidirectionally limiting Component;
Driving assembly includes motor, drive shaft and drive disk;Motor uses threephase asynchronous machine;Motor is fixed at inner frame body On, motor shaft stretches out upwards;Drive shaft passes through the bearing in the bearing block and the bearing block being arranged on inner frame body accordingly It is rotatably arranged on inner frame body, rotation axis is vertically to setting;The motor that drive shaft passes through shaft coupling and the motor shaft of motor Axis transmission connection;Drive disk is coaxially keyed on the upper end of drive shaft;The periphery of drive disk is equipped with the limit above and below it Position notch;
Transmission component includes that first connecting rod, the first attachment base, cursor, the second attachment base, the first mounting base and first level are straight Line guide rail;The rear and front end of first connecting rod passes through corresponding oscillating bearing and the first attachment base and drive disk rotation connection respectively; Cursor is L-shaped;Cursor is rotatably arranged between the top of 2 pieces of support plates of inner frame body by its middle part;Cursor upper end Head is equipped with vertically to setting kidney ellipsoid pilot hole, and the first attachment base is equipped with rotation axis, which, which is slidably arranged in, turns In the kidney ellipsoid pilot hole on swing arm top;The lower front part head of cursor is equipped with edge and controls to setting kidney ellipsoid pilot hole, the Two attachment bases are equipped with rotation axis, which is slidably arranged in the kidney ellipsoid pilot hole of cursor lower front part head;Second Attachment base is fixed in the first mounting base;The guide rail of first level linear guide is along front and back to being fixed at inner frame body On top;First attachment base is fixed on the sliding block of first level linear guide;
Unidirectional limit assembly is unidirectional limited block;Along front and back to being horizontally disposed with, unidirectional limited block is turned unidirectional limited block by its front Dynamic connection is arranged on inner frame body top, and unidirectional limited block is adjacent to its rear end always in drive disk to the left by corresponding torsional spring Periphery on, rotate drive disk can only in one direction.
4. the higher riveting machine of safety according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: guidance set includes first vertical straight Line guide rail and the second vertical line guide rail;First vertical line guide rail and the second vertical line guide rail are successively set on from left to right On the front side of inner frame body;First vertical line guide rail is from its guide rail vertically on the front side for being fixed at inner frame body;Second Vertical line guide rail from its guide rail vertically on the front side for being fixed at inner frame body, positioned at the right side of the first vertical line guide rail Side;First mounting base is fixed on the sliding block of the first vertical line guide rail and the sliding block of the second vertical line guide rail.
5. according to claim 1 to the higher riveting machine of safety described in 4 to one, it is characterised in that: further include discharging device; Discharging device includes the first deflector chute, the second deflector chute and rewinding basket;Along front and back, the low setting to before in rear height exists first deflector chute On the front lower part of main frame body;Second deflector chute edge left and right is left on the front lower part that main frame body is arranged in right low left high End rear side is equipped with charging notch;The front discharge port of first deflector chute is located in the charging notch of the second deflector chute;Rewinding basket pendulum The right part discharge port for being placed on the second deflector chute goes out, for collecting the relay contact riveted;The feed inlet position of first deflector chute It is corresponding with the discharging position on inclined-plane in the lower section of riveting seat.
6. according to claim 1 to the higher riveting machine of safety described in 4 to one, it is characterised in that: further include stop gauge; Stop gauge includes backgauge slider cylinder and striker plate;Backgauge slider cylinder is fixed on the front lower part of rack;Backgauge Plate is fixed on the slide unit of backgauge slider cylinder, and the backgauge portion edge left and right of striker plate is to being vertically arranged, positioned at riveting seat The front side of the discharge port on discharging inclined-plane.
7. according to the higher riveting machine of safety described in claim 2 to 4 to one, it is characterised in that: further include sensor group Part;The right side of first mounting base of transmission component is equipped with anti-dazzling screen, and the right end shading light part of anti-dazzling screen is along front and back to being vertically arranged; Sensor module includes the first riveting photoelectric sensor and the second riveting photoelectric sensor;First riveting photoelectric sensor is groove Shape photoelectric sensor;Second riveting photoelectric sensor is groove type photoelectric sensor;First riveting photoelectric sensor and the second riveting Photoelectric sensor is connect vertically on the front side right part for being successively fixed at inner frame body, the first riveting photoelectric sensor and second The groove of photoelectric sensor is riveted vertically to setting, the position of the first riveting photoelectric sensor and the second riveting photoelectric sensor Set it is corresponding with the anti-dazzling screen of the first mounting base, the anti-dazzling screen of the first mounting base vertically to movement when can from first riveting photoelectricity Pass through in the groove of sensor and the second riveting photoelectric sensor.
8. the higher riveting machine of safety according to claim 5, it is characterised in that: further include sensor module;Sensing Device assembly includes third photoelectric sensor;Third photoelectric sensor is fixed on the lower part of the second deflector chute, for recording The quantity of the relay contact riveted.
9. according to the higher riveting machine of safety described in claim 2 to 4 to one, it is characterised in that: further include sensor group Part;Sensor module includes close to switch;It is fixed on positioning anchor forward close to switch, the hand for detection workman is It is no to rivet region.
CN201811027546.0A 2018-09-04 2018-09-04 Riveting machine with higher safety Active CN108927486B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110666094A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-01-10 陈如豹 Metal cover riveting machine

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US6546609B1 (en) * 2001-12-12 2003-04-15 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Automatic riveting apparatus
CN102407273A (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-04-11 徐州宇家化工科技有限公司 Rivet riveting device
CN204258009U (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-04-08 东莞市森佳机械有限公司 The riveting mechanism of three insertion terminals
CN106040949A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-26 吴中区木渎蒯斌模具加工厂 Riveting machine
CN106964744A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-07-21 常州信息职业技术学院 The full-automatic special riveting machine of motor radiating piece
CN206652930U (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-11-21 厦门海宏信自动化设备有限公司 A kind of riveting contact machine decompressor

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6546609B1 (en) * 2001-12-12 2003-04-15 Hon Hai Precision Ind. Co., Ltd. Automatic riveting apparatus
CN102407273A (en) * 2011-11-25 2012-04-11 徐州宇家化工科技有限公司 Rivet riveting device
CN204258009U (en) * 2014-11-14 2015-04-08 东莞市森佳机械有限公司 The riveting mechanism of three insertion terminals
CN106040949A (en) * 2016-08-03 2016-10-26 吴中区木渎蒯斌模具加工厂 Riveting machine
CN106964744A (en) * 2017-04-18 2017-07-21 常州信息职业技术学院 The full-automatic special riveting machine of motor radiating piece
CN206652930U (en) * 2017-04-25 2017-11-21 厦门海宏信自动化设备有限公司 A kind of riveting contact machine decompressor

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110666094A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-01-10 陈如豹 Metal cover riveting machine

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