CN108926007A - The horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut - Google Patents

The horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108926007A
CN108926007A CN201811143686.4A CN201811143686A CN108926007A CN 108926007 A CN108926007 A CN 108926007A CN 201811143686 A CN201811143686 A CN 201811143686A CN 108926007 A CN108926007 A CN 108926007A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
walnut
roller
sawtooth roller
long rotor
green peel
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201811143686.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘永年
刘安定
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shaanxi Hanzhong China Machinery Research And Manufacturing Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shaanxi Hanzhong China Machinery Research And Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shaanxi Hanzhong China Machinery Research And Manufacturing Co Ltd filed Critical Shaanxi Hanzhong China Machinery Research And Manufacturing Co Ltd
Priority to CN201811143686.4A priority Critical patent/CN108926007A/en
Publication of CN108926007A publication Critical patent/CN108926007A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N5/00Machines for hulling, husking or cracking nuts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N12/00Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts
    • A23N12/02Machines for cleaning, blanching, drying or roasting fruits or vegetables, e.g. coffee, cocoa, nuts for washing or blanching
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/90Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in food processing or handling, e.g. food conservation

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut, including rack, power mechanism transmission mechanism, pericarp peeling mechanism and scrub body, the main body of rack is the rectangle steel cylinder surrounded by front and rear baffle and left and right end plate, and nozzle is setting up and down;Pericarp peeling mechanism includes a long rotor and a sawtooth roller;Scrub body includes seven brush rolls and two spray waterpipes;All rollers are all horizontally set in steel cylinder, long rotor is located on the midpoint line of two end plates in left and right, sawtooth roller be located at long rotor just under, seven brush rolls are divided equally in sawtooth roller two sides, and each axis, on the same circumference centered on rimmer knife roll axis, using both sawtooth roller and long rotor wheelbase as radius, two neighboring roller has the gap of leakage slag;Long rotor and Gear Transmission in Reducer, sawtooth roller and retarder chain drive, seven brush rolls and the chain drive of sawtooth roller.Water-saving of the present invention, power saving, time saving, efficiency is 7~8 times of existing green peel of walnut removing cleaning machine.

Description

The horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of farm machinery, specially a kind of green peel of walnut removes cleaning machine.
Background technique
After walnut is mature, must its outer layer green peel be removed and be cleaned in time, if this work is done badly, commodity walnut Surface it is necessarily gloomy, also have blackspot, not only influence walnut appearance, but also reduce walnut kernel quality.Existing walnut Although pericarp peeling cleaning machine can satisfy the timely removing and cleaning of green peel of walnut, but there is removing and clean not thorough enough Defect, there is also energy consumption is high, the deficiency of low efficiency.
Summary of the invention
Present invention aims to overcome that drawbacks described above present in existing walnut green husk peeling machine and deficiency, propose a kind of energy Consumption less, it is high-efficient, and the green peel of walnut can thoroughly be removed and by the horizontal removing of the clean green peel of walnut of walnut surface clean Cleaning machine.
The technical scheme is that a kind of horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut, including rack, power mechanism driver Structure, pericarp peeling mechanism and scrub body, it is characterised in that: the main body of the rack is surrounded by front and rear baffle and left and right end plate Rectangle steel cylinder, nozzle is setting up and down, and the lower end of steel cylinder is equipped with stabilizer blade;The power drive mechanism includes motor, retarder With the gear and a sprocket wheel on reducer power output shaft;The pericarp peeling mechanism includes a long rotor and one Sawtooth roller;The scrub body includes seven brush rolls and two spray waterpipes;All rollers are all horizontally set on the steel cylinder Interior, the roll shaft both ends of each roller are located on the left and right end plate, wherein the midpoint that long rotor is located at the end plate of left and right two connects On line, sawtooth roller is located at the underface of long rotor and the mouth edge placement close under steel cylinder, is distributed in saw there are six the brush roll Discaling roll two sides, and each axis centered on rimmer knife roll axis, using both sawtooth roller and long rotor wheelbase as the lower half of radius On circumference, the gap of two neighboring roller and sawtooth roller and the gap of adjacent brush roll are 8-12mm, another brush roll position In on upper semicircumference, the wheelbase of two neighboring brush roll is equal;Long rotor and Gear Transmission in Reducer, sawtooth roller and retarder chain Item transmission, seven brush rolls and the chain drive of sawtooth roller, two spray waterpipes are horizontally set on the upper of the front and rear baffle respectively Bead;Left side plate is equipped with discharge port, is hinged with valve on discharge port.
The blade of the long rotor is that left-hand screw is linear, and helix angle is 80 °~90 °.
It is linear that the tooth tip of the sawtooth roller is arranged as left-hand screw, and helix angle is 80 °~90 °.
The discharge port and the valve are U-typed.
Idler wheel is installed on the stabilizer blade.
In the present invention, green peel of walnut is cut, is crushed by long rotor and sawtooth roller, at the same brush roll to walnut surface into Row sufficiently scrub, green peel is shelled thoroughly, walnut surface is washed completely, and the percentage of damage of walnut is zero.Present invention construction rationally, saves Water, power saving, time saving, output per kWh (kg/kw.h) is 420~450kg, and efficiency is the 7~8 of existing green peel of walnut removing cleaning machine Times.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of one embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram that the present embodiment removes transmission case cover.
Fig. 3 Fig. 1 is the positive structure schematic of this implementation.
Fig. 4 is the cross-sectional view of line A-A in Fig. 3.
Fig. 5 is the drive path schematic diagram of brush roll and broken skin roller.
Fig. 6 is the shape and structural schematic diagram of shutter member in the present embodiment.
Fig. 7 is the perspective view of long rotor in the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the perspective view of sawtooth roller in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the perspective view of brush roll in the present invention.
In figure: 1. racks, 2. left side plates, 201. discharge ports, 202. valve, 3. right end plates, 4. transmission case covers, 5. electricity Machine, 6. retarders, 601. reducer power output shafts, 7. gears, 8. single sprocket chains, 9. front aprons, 10. rear baffles, 11. 3 Sprocket wheel, 12. duplicate sprockets, 13. long rotors, 14. sawtooth rollers, 15. spray waterpipes, 16. stabilizer blades, 17. idler wheels, a, b, c, d, e, F, g. brush roll.
Specific embodiment
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
As shown in figs. 1-9, the present invention includes rack 1, power drive mechanism, pericarp peeling mechanism and scrub body;
The main body of rack 1 is the rectangle steel cylinder surrounded by front apron 9, rear baffle 10 and left side plate 2 and right end plate 3, steel cylinder Nozzle is setting up and down, and the lower end of steel cylinder is equipped with stabilizer blade 16, and the left side plate 2 and right end plate 3 of steel cylinder are two pieces of thicker force-bearing steel plates;
Power drive mechanism includes gear 7 and single sprocket chain 8 on motor 5, retarder 6 and reducer power output shaft 601, power There is transmission case cover 4 outside transmission mechanism;
Pericarp peeling mechanism includes the sawtooth roller 14 of a long rotor 13 for cutting skin and an onal;
Scrub body includes seven brush roll a-g and two spray waterpipes 15, long rotor 13, sawtooth roller 14 and brush roll a-g And the equal length of spray waterpipe 15;
All rollers are all horizontally set in steel cylinder, on the end plate of left and right two that the roll shaft both ends of each roller are located at, wherein long Rotor 13 is located on the midpoint line of 3 two end plates of left side plate 2 and right end plate, sawtooth roller 14 be located at the underface of long rotor 13 and The mouth edge placement close under steel cylinder, seven brush roll a-g are distributed in centered on long 13 axis of rotor, with sawtooth roller 14 with Both long rotors 13 axis spacing is on the circumference of radius, wherein being evenly distributed on sawtooth there are six brush roll, that is, brush roll a-f The two sides of roller 14, and it is formed together lower half circumference with sawtooth roller 14, the axis of another brush roll g is located on upper semicircumference simultaneously It is adjacent with brush roll f (as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 4 shows);The gap of two adjacent brush rolls and sawtooth roller 14 and brush roll c Gap with brush roll d is 8-12mm, and the wheelbase of adjacent brush roll is equal, and the axis of each roller is parallel in steel cylinder;
Long 13 right end of rotor is also equipped with gear 7, which engages (such as Fig. 2 and Fig. 3 with the gear 7 on power output shaft 601 It is shown);The roll shaft right end of sawtooth roller 14 and seven brush roll a-g are respectively arranged with the sprocket wheel of the equal number of teeth, wherein brush roll a and What is filled on brush roll g is single sprocket chain 8, and what is all filled on remaining five brush roll b-f is duplicate sprocket 12, is filled on sawtooth roller 14 It is three sprocket wheels 11, sawtooth roller 14 and 6 chain drive of retarder, seven brush roll a-g and 14 chain drive of sawtooth roller are (as schemed 2, shown in Fig. 4 and Fig. 5);
Two spray waterpipes 15 are horizontally set on the upper edge hole of front apron 9 and rear baffle 10 respectively, and water jet is towards in steel cylinder, spray Spray pipe 15 is for rinsing walnut surface;
Left side plate 2 is equipped with discharge port 201, is hinged with valve 202 on discharge port 201.Valve 202 is closed when removing and cleaning, Valve 202 is opened after cleaning, clean walnut is discharged from discharge port 201.
In the present embodiment, the roller diameter of long rotor 13 is 145mm, and the roller diameter of sawtooth roller 14 is 150mm, the roller diameter of each brush roll For 120mm, the wheelbase of long rotor 13 and sawtooth roller 14 is 225;The blade of long rotor is that left-hand screw is linear, and helix angle is 80 ° ~90 °;It is linear that the tooth tip of sawtooth roller is arranged as left-hand screw, and helix angle is 80 °~90 °, and the length of each roller is 1120mm.
Discharge port 201 and the valve 202 of the invention is U-typed, as shown in figures 1 to 6.U-typed discharge port energy Make discharging quickly, thoroughly.
Idler wheel 17 is installed on stabilizer blade 16 in the present invention, to facilitate complete machine closely mobile, as Figure 1-Figure 4.
In the present invention, seven brush roll a-g and sawtooth roller 14 formed in steel cylinder a section be U-shaped work chamber (such as Shown in Fig. 4), the roller strap that walnut is rotated in work chamber is dynamic, forms iterative cycles movement.Long rotor 13 is mainly by green peel of walnut It cuts away, the green peel cut away is fallen in by thorough break into slag on sawtooth roller 14, then and from the gap is fallen below loom and quilt It removes, remaining green peel is also ticked by the sawtooth on sawtooth roller 14 in pit on walnut shell, keeps the green peel on walnut shell thorough It is removed;Brush roll a-g of rotation is rubbed repeatedly walnut brush simultaneously, is scrubbed clean.Brush roll g is brush roll f's Top, the walnut that it also will be moved to the side while scrubbing walnut are pushed among steel cylinder, and the walnut in work chamber is enable Uniformly stir.
In green peel of walnut removing cleaning process, the rotation direction of long rotor 13 and sawtooth roller 14 is on the contrary, 14 He of sawtooth roller The rotation direction of brush roll a-g is consistent.Following two kinds of movements stream is integrally formed in walnut in U-shaped work chamber: first is that in long rotor 13 counterclockwise under rotation and the drives that rotate clockwise of brush roll a-g and sawtooth roller 14, in cabin walnut be integrally formed one around The movement stream that long rotor 13 rotates counterclockwise;Second is that since the blade lift angle of rotor 13 and the tooth tip of sawtooth roller 14 arrange lift angle all It is left-handed 80 °~90 °, therefore, the walnut on top moves under the drive of long rotor 13 to 3 direction of right end plate, and lower part walnut exists It is moved under the drive of sawtooth roller 14 to 2 direction of left side plate, the movement stream that row slowly rolls at a transverse direction.In the same of walnut movement When, each walnut respectively does itself irregular rotation being cut, hooked, brushed and mutual extrusion and under the action of friction again Movement, constantly shifts one's position, and walnut reaches a dynamic equilibrium in cabin, until each green peel of walnut is stripped clean, each Walnut is washed.
Washable 130kg green rind walnut of the present embodiment, 0.23 degree of electricity consumption, with 34 liters of water, the used time 9 minutes, with patent Number ZL 201120311259.X entitled " walnut green husk peeling machine " is compared, electricity consumption is insufficient its 1/2, water consumption is insufficient its 1/ 5, the used time is insufficient its 1/3, efficiency is its 7~8 times.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut, including rack, power mechanism transmission mechanism, pericarp peeling mechanism and scrub Mechanism, it is characterised in that: the main body of the rack is the rectangle steel cylinder surrounded by front and rear baffle and left and right end plate, above and below nozzle The lower end of setting, steel cylinder is equipped with stabilizer blade;The power drive mechanism includes on motor, retarder and reducer power output shaft One gear and a sprocket wheel;The pericarp peeling mechanism includes a long rotor and a sawtooth roller;The scrub body packet Include seven brush rolls and two spray waterpipes;All rollers are all horizontally set in the steel cylinder, the roll shaft both ends difference of each roller On the left and right end plate, wherein long rotor is located on the midpoint line of two end plates in left and right, and sawtooth roller is located at long rotor Underface and the mouth edge placement close under steel cylinder, be distributed in sawtooth roller two sides there are six the brush roll, and each axis exists Centered on rimmer knife roll axis, using both sawtooth roller and long rotor wheelbase as on the lower half circumference of radius, between two neighboring roller The gap of gap and sawtooth roller and adjacent brush roll is 8-12mm, another brush roll is located on upper semicircumference, two neighboring The wheelbase of brush roll is equal;Long rotor and Gear Transmission in Reducer, sawtooth roller and retarder chain drive, seven brush rolls and saw Discaling roll chain drive, two spray waterpipes are horizontally set on the upper edge hole of the front and rear baffle respectively;Left side plate is equipped with discharging Mouthful, valve is hinged on discharge port.
2. the horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that: the blade of the long rotor is Left-hand screw is linear, and helix angle is 80 °~90 °.
3. the horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that: the tooth tip of the sawtooth roller is arranged It is linear to be classified as left-hand screw, helix angle is 80 °~90 °.
4. the horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that: the discharge port and the work Door is U-typed.
5. the horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut described in accordance with the claim 1, it is characterised in that: be equipped with rolling on the stabilizer blade Wheel.
CN201811143686.4A 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 The horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut Pending CN108926007A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811143686.4A CN108926007A (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 The horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811143686.4A CN108926007A (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 The horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108926007A true CN108926007A (en) 2018-12-04

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ID=64443901

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201811143686.4A Pending CN108926007A (en) 2018-09-29 2018-09-29 The horizontal removing cleaning machine of green peel of walnut

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108926007A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112545026A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-26 刘文革 Sugarcane root removing machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112545026A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-26 刘文革 Sugarcane root removing machine

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