CN108921122A - A kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification - Google Patents

A kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108921122A
CN108921122A CN201810773048.4A CN201810773048A CN108921122A CN 108921122 A CN108921122 A CN 108921122A CN 201810773048 A CN201810773048 A CN 201810773048A CN 108921122 A CN108921122 A CN 108921122A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
image
parts
processed
processing unit
module
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Pending
Application number
CN201810773048.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李保奎
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Wuhu Yi Hao Chang Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Wuhu Yi Hao Chang Intelligent Equipment Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810773048.4A priority Critical patent/CN108921122A/en
Publication of CN108921122A publication Critical patent/CN108921122A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06VIMAGE OR VIDEO RECOGNITION OR UNDERSTANDING
    • G06V20/00Scenes; Scene-specific elements
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06VIMAGE OR VIDEO RECOGNITION OR UNDERSTANDING
    • G06V10/00Arrangements for image or video recognition or understanding
    • G06V10/20Image preprocessing
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06VIMAGE OR VIDEO RECOGNITION OR UNDERSTANDING
    • G06V10/00Arrangements for image or video recognition or understanding
    • G06V10/20Image preprocessing
    • G06V10/30Noise filtering
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06VIMAGE OR VIDEO RECOGNITION OR UNDERSTANDING
    • G06V10/00Arrangements for image or video recognition or understanding
    • G06V10/20Image preprocessing
    • G06V10/34Smoothing or thinning of the pattern; Morphological operations; Skeletonisation
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06VIMAGE OR VIDEO RECOGNITION OR UNDERSTANDING
    • G06V2201/00Indexing scheme relating to image or video recognition or understanding
    • G06V2201/06Recognition of objects for industrial automation

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification,Utilize central control unit,Motor,Mechanical grabbing device,Image collecting device,Image processing apparatus,Image comparison device,Storage device,Display device and parts to be processed mounting table,It can be achieved to automatically determine the type of parts to be processed,Then the parts to be processed that type determines is placed in corresponding machining area automatically again,Therefore,Substantially increase the efficiency of part processing,Parts to be processed is placed on parts to be processed mounting table,Surface of the image collector setting in parts to be processed,Image collecting device is used to acquire the image information of parts to be processed,Image processing apparatus includes image enhancement module,Image smoothing module and image denoising module,Wherein,Image collecting device is connect with image enhancement module,Image enhancement module is connect with image smoothing module,Image smoothing module is connect with image denoising module,Image denoising module is connect with image comparison device.

Description

A kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification
Technical field
The present invention relates to processing testing field more particularly to a kind of processing unit (plant)s based on target identification.
Background technique
The production process of machine refers to all processes that product is made from raw material (or semi-finished product).For production of machinery Transport and preservation including raw material, the preparation of production, the manufacture of blank, the processing and heat treatment of part, the assembly of product and Debugging, the contents such as paint and packaging.The content of production process is very extensive, the principle and method of modern enterprise system analysis engineering Tissue production and Instructing manufacture, regarding production process as one has the production system output and input, in process of production, All shape, size, position and property etc. for changing production object, the process for becoming finished product or semi-finished product is known as technique Process.It is the major part of production process.Technical process can be divided into casting, forging, punching press, welding, machining, assembly again Etc. technical process, manufacturing technology process generally refer to the machining work process of part and the assembling technology procedure of machine Summation, other processes are then known as supporting process, such as transport, keeping, power supply, maintenance of equipment etc..Technical process is again It is made of one or several tactic processes, a process several work steps by being made of.
Currently, generally requiring to carry out the parts to be processed of a certain type artificial when processing parts to be processed Screening, it is first determined the then parts to be processed that type determines is placed in corresponding processing district again by the type of parts to be processed Domain in this way, greatly reducing the efficiency of part processing, and manually carries out screening to parts to be processed and is easy to appear mistake, from And lead to the machining accuracy of parts to be processed.
Summary of the invention
Therefore, to solve the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification, is controlled using center Device processed, motor, mechanical grabbing device, image collecting device, image processing apparatus, image comparison device, storage device, display Device and parts to be processed mounting table are, it can be achieved that automatically determine the type of parts to be processed, then again automatically by type determination Parts to be processed be placed in corresponding machining area, therefore, substantially increase part processing efficiency.
A kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification according to the present invention comprising central control unit, motor, mechanical gripping Take device, image collecting device, image processing apparatus, image comparison device, storage device, display device and parts to be processed Mounting table.
Wherein, the input terminal of the output end of image collecting device and image processing apparatus connect, image processing apparatus it is defeated Outlet is connect with the input terminal of image comparison device, and the output end of storage device is connect with the input terminal of image comparison device, is deposited Storage device and central control unit two-way communication, the output end of image comparison device and the input terminal of central control unit connect, The input terminal of motor and the input terminal of display device are connect with the output end of central control unit respectively, the control signal of motor Output end is connect with the signal input part of mechanical grabbing device;
Wherein, parts to be processed is placed on parts to be processed mounting table, and image collector is setting in parts to be processed Surface, image collecting device are used to acquire the image information of parts to be processed, and mechanical grabbing device is for grabbing to be processed zero Part.
Preferably, image processing apparatus includes image enhancement module, image smoothing module and image denoising module;
Wherein, the input terminal of the output end of image collecting device and image enhancement module connect, image enhancement module it is defeated Outlet is connect with the input terminal of image smoothing module, and the output end of image smoothing module and the input terminal of image denoising module connect It connects, the output end of image denoising module is connect with the input terminal of image comparison device.
Preferably, image collector is set to ccd image acquisition device.
Preferably, setting in the surface of parts to be processed, image collecting device is used to acquire to be processed image collector The image information of part, and image information is transmitted to image processing apparatus, image processing apparatus handles image information Afterwards, will treated image information is transmitted to image comparison device, image comparison device will treated image information and storage The standard picture information of all kinds of parts in device compares.
Preferably, image comparison device is by the standard picture of all kinds of parts in treated image information and storage device Information compares, and central control unit identifies the type of parts to be processed, then, central control unit control according to comparison result Parts to be processed is placed in corresponding part machining area by motor drive machinery grabbing device processed.
Preferably, central control unit transmits the image information by image processing apparatus treated parts to be processed It is shown to display device.
It preferably, is two-dimensional function f (x, y) by the image definition that image collecting device is transmitted to image processing apparatus, Middle x, y are space coordinates, and image enhancement module carries out image enhancement processing to image f (x, y), the two-dimensional image after image enhancement Function is p (x, y), wherein
P (x, y)=f (x, y)+2f (x-1, y)+f (x+1, y)+f (x, y-1)+2f (x, y+1).
Preferably, image smoothing module is smoothed above-mentioned image p (x, y), image two after smoothing processing Tieing up function is h (x, y), and wherein smooth function is g (x, y),
(x, y) , ﹡ are convolution symbol to h (x, y)=p (x, y) * g, and σ is customized adjustable constant, and smooth effect is to pass through σ Come what is controlled.
Preferably, image denoising module carries out denoising, image two after denoising to above-mentioned image h (x, y) Tieing up function is u (x, y), wherein
U (x, y)=2h (x, y)-h (x-1, y)+h (x+1, y)+h (x, y-1) -2h (x, y+1);
Image u (x, y) is transmitted to image comparison device by image denoising module.
Preferably, central control unit and storage device be by wireless network progress two-way communication, during staff passes through Centre control device updates storage the standard picture information of all kinds of parts in device.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has following beneficial effect:
(1) present invention provides a kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification, utilizes central control unit, motor, mechanical gripping Take device, image collecting device, image processing apparatus, image comparison device, storage device, display device and parts to be processed Mounting table is, it can be achieved that automatically determine the type of parts to be processed, and then the parts to be processed again automatically by type determination is placed in Therefore corresponding machining area substantially increases the efficiency of part processing;
(2) a kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification provided by the invention, image processing apparatus therein is to acquisition Image carries out image enhancement, image smoothing, image denoising processing respectively, can efficiently, quickly extract the figure of image collecting device As information, the identification precision to the image information of parts to be processed can be improved, can be improved the type identification to parts to be processed Accuracy.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structure of the Image Acquisition parts to be processed device of processing unit (plant) based on target identification of the invention Figure;
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic diagram of processing unit (plant) based on target identification of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of image processing apparatus of the invention.
Appended drawing reference:
1- central control unit;2- motor;3- machinery grabbing device;4- image collecting device;5- image processing apparatus;6- Image comparison device;7- storage device;8- display device;9- parts to be processed mounting table;10- parts to be processed.
Specific embodiment
The processing unit (plant) provided by the invention based on target identification is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
As shown in Figs. 1-2, the processing unit (plant) provided by the invention based on target identification includes central control unit (1), electricity Machine (2), mechanical grabbing device (3), image collecting device (4), image processing apparatus (5), image comparison device (6), storage dress Set (7), display device (8) and parts to be processed mounting table (9).
Wherein, the output end of image collecting device (4) is connect with the input terminal of image processing apparatus (5), image procossing dress The output end for setting (5) is connect with the input terminal of image comparison device (6), the output end and image comparison device of storage device (7) (6) input terminal connection, storage device and central control unit (1) two-way communication, the output end of image comparison device (6) is in Entreat the input terminal connection of control device (1), the input terminal of the input terminal of motor (2) and display device respectively with central control unit (1) output end connection, the output end of the control signal of motor (2) are connect with the signal input part of mechanical grabbing device (3);
Wherein, parts to be processed (10) is placed on parts to be processed mounting table (9), image collecting device (4) be located to The surface of part (10) is processed, image collecting device (4) is used to acquire the image information of parts to be processed (10), machinery crawl Device (3) is for grabbing parts to be processed (10).
As shown in figure 3, image processing apparatus (5) includes image enhancement module, image smoothing module and image denoising mould Block;
Wherein, the input terminal of the output end of image collecting device (4) and image enhancement module connects, image enhancement module Output end is connect with the input terminal of image smoothing module, and the output end of image smoothing module and the input terminal of image denoising module connect It connects, the output end of image denoising module is connect with the input terminal of image comparison device (6).
Specifically, image collecting device (7) is ccd image acquisition device.
Specifically, image collecting device (4) is located at the surface of parts to be processed (10), and image collecting device (4) is used for The image information of parts to be processed (10) is acquired, and image information is transmitted to image processing apparatus (5), image processing apparatus (5) after handling image information, by treated, image information is transmitted to image comparison device (6), image comparison device (6) treated image information and the standard picture information of all kinds of parts in storage device (7) are compared.
Specifically, image comparison device (6) will treated image information and all kinds of parts in storage device (7) mark Quasi- image information compares, and central control unit (1) identifies the type of parts to be processed according to comparison result, then, center Control device (1) control motor (2) drives mechanical grabbing device (3) that parts to be processed (10) is placed in corresponding part and processes Region.
Specifically, central control unit will be by the image of image processing apparatus (5) treated parts to be processed (10) Information is transmitted to display device (8) and is shown.
Specifically, by image collecting device (4) be transmitted to image processing apparatus (5) image definition be two-dimensional function f (x, Y), wherein x, y are space coordinates, and image enhancement module carries out image enhancement processing to image f (x, y), the figure after image enhancement As two-dimensional function is p (x, y), wherein
P (x, y)=f (x, y)+2f (x-1, y)+f (x+1, y)+f (x, y-1)+2f (x, y+1).
Specifically, image smoothing module is smoothed above-mentioned image p (x, y), image two after smoothing processing Tieing up function is h (x, y), and wherein smooth function is g (x, y),
(x, y) , ﹡ are convolution symbol to h (x, y)=p (x, y) * g, and σ is customized adjustable constant, and smooth effect is to pass through σ Come what is controlled.
Specifically, image denoising module carries out denoising, image two after denoising to above-mentioned image h (x, y) Tieing up function is u (x, y), wherein
U (x, y)=2h (x, y)-h (x-1, y)+h (x+1, y)+h (x, y-1) -2h (x, y+1);
Image u (x, y) is transmitted to image comparison device (6) by image denoising module.
Specifically, central control unit (1) and storage device (7) pass through wireless network progress two-way communication, staff The standard picture information of all kinds of parts in device (7) is updated storage by central control unit (1).
It should be noted last that the above examples are only used to illustrate the technical scheme of the present invention and are not limiting.Although ginseng It is described the invention in detail according to embodiment, those skilled in the art should understand that, to technical side of the invention Case is modified or replaced equivalently, and without departure from the spirit and scope of technical solution of the present invention, should all be covered in the present invention Scope of the claims in.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification, which is characterized in that during the processing unit (plant) based on target identification includes Entreat control device (1), motor (2), mechanical grabbing device (3), image collecting device (4), image processing apparatus (5), image pair Than device (6), storage device (7), display device (8) and parts to be processed mounting table (9);
Wherein, the output end of described image acquisition device (4) is connect with the input terminal of described image processing unit (5), the figure The output end of picture processing unit (5) is connect with the input terminal of described image comparison device (6), the output of the storage device (7) It holds and is connect with the input terminal of described image comparison device (6), the storage device and the central control unit (1) two-way The output end of letter, described image comparison device (6) is connect with the input terminal of the central control unit (1), the motor (2) Input terminal and the input terminal of the display device are connect with the output end of the central control unit (1) respectively, the motor (2) The output end of control signal connect with the signal input part of the mechanical grabbing device (3);
Wherein, parts to be processed (10) is placed on the parts to be processed mounting table (9), described image acquisition device (4) position In the surface of the parts to be processed (10), described image acquisition device (4) is for acquiring the parts to be processed (10) Image information, the machinery grabbing device (3) is for grabbing the parts to be processed (10).
2. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 1 based on target identification, which is characterized in that described image processing unit It (5) include image enhancement module, image smoothing module and image denoising module;
Wherein, the output end of described image acquisition device (4) is connect with the input terminal of described image enhancing module, and described image increases The output end of strong module is connect with the input terminal of described image Leveling Block, the output end of described image Leveling Block and the figure As the input terminal connection of denoising module, described image denoises the output end of module and the input terminal of described image comparison device (6) Connection.
3. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 1 based on target identification, which is characterized in that described image acquisition device It (7) is ccd image acquisition device.
4. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 1 based on target identification, which is characterized in that described image acquisition device (4) it is located at the surface of the parts to be processed (10), described image acquisition device (4) is for acquiring the parts to be processed (10) image information, and described image information is transmitted to described image processing unit (5), described image processing unit (5) After handling described image information, by treated, image information is transmitted to described image comparison device (6), described image Device (6) are compared to carry out the standard picture information of treated image information and all kinds of parts in the storage device (7) Comparison.
5. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 4 based on target identification, which is characterized in that described image compares device (6) treated image information and the standard picture information of all kinds of parts in the storage device (7) are compared, it is described Central control unit (1) identifies the type of the parts to be processed according to comparison result, then, the central control unit (1) It controls the motor (2) driving mechanical grabbing device (3) parts to be processed (10) is placed in corresponding part and add Work area domain.
6. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 5 based on target identification, which is characterized in that the central control unit will The display device is transmitted to by the image information of described image processing unit (5) treated the parts to be processed (10) (8) it is shown.
7. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 2 based on target identification, which is characterized in that by described image acquisition device (4) image definition for being transmitted to described image processing unit (5) is two-dimensional function f (x, y), and wherein x, y are space coordinates, described Image enhancement module carries out image enhancement processing to image f (x, y), and the two-dimensional image function after image enhancement is p (x, y), In, p (x, y)=f (x, y)+2f (x-1, y)+f (x+1, y)+f (x, y-1)+2f (x, y+1).
8. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 7 based on target identification, which is characterized in that described image Leveling Block pair Above-mentioned image p (x, y) is smoothed, and two-dimensional image function is h (x, y) after smoothing processing, and wherein smooth function is g (x, y),H (x, y)=p (x, y) * g (x, Y) , ﹡ is convolution symbol, and σ is customized adjustable constant, and smooth effect is controlled by σ.
9. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 8 based on target identification, which is characterized in that described image denoises module pair Above-mentioned image h (x, y) carries out denoising, and two-dimensional image function is u (x, y) after denoising, wherein
U (x, y)=2h (x, y)-h (x-1, y)+h (x+1, y)+h (x, y-1) -2h (x, y+1);
Described image denoises module and image u (x, y) is transmitted to described image comparison device (6).
10. the processing unit (plant) according to claim 1 based on target identification, which is characterized in that the central control unit (1) two-way communication is carried out by wireless network with the storage device (7), staff passes through the central control unit (1) Update the standard picture information of all kinds of parts in the storage device (7).
CN201810773048.4A 2018-07-14 2018-07-14 A kind of processing unit (plant) based on target identification Pending CN108921122A (en)

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