CN108907721A - A kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe - Google Patents

A kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108907721A
CN108907721A CN201810837765.9A CN201810837765A CN108907721A CN 108907721 A CN108907721 A CN 108907721A CN 201810837765 A CN201810837765 A CN 201810837765A CN 108907721 A CN108907721 A CN 108907721A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
bar
cam
main shaft
fixed
lathe
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Granted
Application number
CN201810837765.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108907721B (en
Inventor
单润民
单海峰
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Shaoxing Shangyu Huayuan General Machinery Co Ltd
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Shaoxing Shangyu Huayuan General Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810837765.9A priority Critical patent/CN108907721B/en
Publication of CN108907721A publication Critical patent/CN108907721A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/02Machine tools for performing different machining operations
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q7/00Arrangements for handling work specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools, e.g. for conveying, loading, positioning, discharging, sorting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathes, including rack, the main shaft being rotationally connected in rack, it further include feed device, charging gear, truning fixture, truning fixture includes the sliding rail being fixed in rack, the horizontal tool apron being slidably connected on sliding rail, the chamfer cutter being fixed on horizontal tool apron, drill lathe tool, the necking tool being liftably slidably connected to by vertical tool apron in the mounting base of main shaft, it is set in rack and is respectively used to the delivering gear for driving horizontal tool apron and vertical tool apron to move, lower cutter mechanism, the pivot center of drilling lathe tool and main shaft is located on the same line, chamfer cutter is located at the side of drilling lathe tool;Bar can be installed on main shaft by this lathe automatically, and can be carried out by chamfering, drill and open Gewindefreistiche for bar simultaneously, after in multiple processes concentration and same equipment, the processing flow of valve rod can be reduced, shorten the process time of valve rod, to achieve the purpose that improve valve rod production efficiency.

Description

A kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe
Technical field
The present invention relates to lathe, in particular to a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe.
Background technique
Refrigeration unit is usually made of compressor, condenser, expansion valve, evaporator and control system etc., and control system In it is most important be exactly for refrigerating fluid circulation control, the loop control of refrigerating fluid is generally carried out by control valve, and is controlled Valve generally comprises the components such as valve seat, spool and valve rod.
Valve rod mainly plays sealing and current limliting, generally requires and processes external threads, sealing ring installation on valve rod Slot and interior hexagonal groove for valve rod can be twisted after being embedded in for hexagonal screwdriver.And the processing of valve rod is generally required by stick Material dissection blanking, chamfering, drilling, several steps such as hexagonal, cutting thread escape, vehicle sealing ring mounting groove, external threading in punching Ability final molding, if being processed with conventional mechanical devices, this each step requires to carry out on a separate device, makes The entire processing flow for obtaining valve rod is tediously long, low so as to cause valve rod production efficiency.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of Semi-automatic flat surface lathes, can be by chamfering, drilling and cutting thread escape etc. Several steps are integrated in same equipment and carry out, and reduce the processing flow of valve rod, shorten the process time of valve rod, to reach Improve the purpose of valve rod production efficiency.
Above-mentioned technical purpose of the invention technical scheme is that:A kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface vehicle Bed including rack, is rotationally connected in rack and for main shaft install for bar, further includes feed device, the feeding fills Set including be fixed in rack vibrating disk, one end is fixed on vibrating disk and the other end extends to giving for main shaft installation end side Pipe material, the charging line are connected by material toggling component with the feeding track of vibrating disk close to one end of vibrating disk;Feed Device, the charging gear include the feed bar being articulated in the mounting base of main shaft, be articulated with feed bar on and with feed bar it Between be formed with for receiving the clamping head of the clamp port of bar on feeding track, being set on feed bar and for driving clamping head It is pushed against the pulling assembly being fed on bar, is articulated on feed bar and for the bar in clamp port to be shifted onto the pusher on main shaft Bar is provided with swing mechanism and use for driving feed bar to do reciprocally swinging between charging line and main shaft in the rack In the pusher for driving charging ram to push bar;Truning fixture, the truning fixture include being fixed in rack Sliding rail is slidably connected on sliding rail and does the horizontal tool apron of straight reciprocating motion along main axis length direction is parallel to, is fixed on water Chamfer cutter on flat cutter seat, drilling lathe tool are liftably slidably connected in the mounting base of main shaft and are used by vertical tool apron In processing the necking tool of Gewindefreistiche on bar, be set in rack and be respectively used to drive horizontal tool apron and vertical knife Delivering gear, the lower cutter mechanism of seat movement, the drilling lathe tool and the pivot center of main shaft are located on the same line, it is described fall Angle lathe tool is located at the side of drilling lathe tool.
By using above scheme, when needing to process bar, vibrating disk first by bar transportation to itself In feeding track, then bar is sent into charging line under the action of material toggling component;After bar comes out out of charging line, It can initially enter and be formed by clamp port between feed bar and clamping head, then swing mechanism drives feed bar towards lathe One side oscillation of main shaft;After the center of rotation of clamp port alignment main shaft, pusher drives charging ram to act again, and bar is shifted onto On main shaft, swing mechanism drives feed bar to reset again later;Then main shaft drives bar rotation, while bar rotation, water Flat cutter seat and vertical tool apron are close towards bar under the action of delivering gear and lower cutter mechanism respectively, to bar carry out chamfering, Drilling and fluting realize step movement, complete the effect of multiple working procedure, can reduce the processing flow of valve rod in this way, shorten valve The process time of bar, to achieve the purpose that improve valve rod production efficiency.
The further setting of the present invention is:The delivering gear includes being rotationally connected in rack and being driven by motor Dynamic cylindrical cam, the idler wheel being rotationally connected on horizontal tool apron by wheel arm, the first overlap joint column, fixation being fixed on sliding rail Have contact in second overlap joint column, one end on horizontal tool apron on the first overlap joint column and the other end has contact in answering on the second overlap joint column Position elastic component, the pivot center of the cylindrical cam are parallel to the pivot center of main shaft, and the circumferential side wall of the idler wheel is pushed against On the cam surface of cylindrical cam, the return springs are located at side of the horizontal tool apron far from main shaft, and the return springs In tensional state.
By using above scheme, since idler wheel contradicts the cam in cylindrical cam always under the action of return springs On face, therefore during cylindrical cam rotation, the cam surface of cylindrical cam will push idler wheel along the length direction of guide rail It is moved, idler wheel will drive horizontal tool apron again in the process of movement and move along rail length direction, and then drive chamfering vehicle Knife, drilling lathe tool are close towards bar, cut bar, to achieve the purpose that carry out chamfering and drilling to bar.
The further setting of the present invention is:The lower cutter mechanism includes the lever being articulated in the mounting base of main shaft, one end It is articulated with lower knife bar that on lever and the other end is articulated on vertical tool apron, the connecting rod that is articulated in the mounting base of main shaft, one end Be articulated on the one end of lever far from lower knife bar and the other end be articulated with connecting rod far from one end of mounting base swing rod, be fixed on Eccentric wheel is cut in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam, the swing rod is contradicted close to one end of connecting rod in the circumference for cutting eccentric wheel On wall, and it is provided in the mounting base of main shaft for connecting rod to be cut elastic component towards what rack pulled, it is described to cut elasticity One end of part is fixed in mounting base and the other end is fixed on connecting rod.
By using above scheme, when needing to slot to bar, eccentric wheel is cut first in the band of cylindrical cam Dynamic lower generate rotates, and cuts eccentric wheel and swing rod generation is pushed to swing up and down again in the course of rotation, in the process of swing rod movement In drive lever to generate rotation again, and then drive vertical tool apron close towards the side close to bar by lower knife bar again, when opening After slot knife is contacted with the generation of the side wall of bar, high-speed rotating bar can be slotted knife and be cut, and then spiral shell is formed on bar Line escape.
The further setting of the present invention is:The material toggling component includes being fixed on the vibrating disk and close to charging line The support column of feed inlet side, the Kick-out hook that hang on the support column, the Kick-out hook is close to one end of charging line By being bent to form for carrying out hooking the hook part proposed to bar, the Kick-out hook is useful far from being arranged on one end of hook part In the clump weight for driving hook part to be upturned, and it is provided on the support column limit for limiting hook part deflection angle Hyte part.
By using above scheme, when cutting die, can rush to summit out bar dotting punch on the end face of rod end, In this way when bar moves to the discharging end of feeding track under the shock effect of vibrating disk, it can be connect first with Kick-out hook generation Touching, only when bar has one end of dotting punch towards Kick-out hook, and the hook part on Kick-out hook is embedded in the dotting punch on bar, ability Hook lifts bar, and bar is hooked into charging line, and otherwise bar can slide from the side of Kick-out hook, therefore Kick-out hook is in addition to energy It is enough in except feeding, is also equipped with the effect of screening bar.
The further setting of the present invention is:The limit assembly includes the limit film being fixed on support column and limited post, The limit film and limited post are located at the two sides of hook part far from one end of support column, and when hook part offsets with limited post When touching, bar is fallen into the feed inlet of charging line far from one end of hook part.
By using above scheme, due to there is the presence of limit assembly, and when hook part and limited post are inconsistent, bar One end far from hook part is fallen into the feed inlet of charging line, thus works as Kick-out hook under the action of clump weight, hook part When being upturned, bar can be made to erect close to vertical state, such bar can just fall into feed pipe under gravity In the feed inlet in road, to achieve the purpose that for qualified bar to be sent into charging line.
The further setting of the present invention is:The pulling assembly includes the first stay column being fixed on feed bar, is fixed on The second stay column, one end on clamping head and between clamp port and clamping head pivot point have contact on the first stay column and another One end is had contact in the tension elastic component on the second stay column, and the tension elastic component is in tensional state.
By using above scheme, since the first stay column and the second stay column are located on feed bar and clamping head, and draw Tight elastic component is in tensional state, therefore tension elastic component can be applied to first driving close towards close feed bar of clamping Power, and then when entering bar in clamp port, clamping head and feed bar can form bar and clamp, so that bar be made to be not easy It falls off out of clamp port.
The further setting of the present invention is:The swing mechanism includes that the swing be fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam is inclined Cardiac prominence wheel is fixed on conflict block of the feed bar on the one end for swinging eccentric cam, and the conflict block is in the work for contradicting component It is pushed against always under on the circumferential side wall for swinging eccentric cam.
By using above scheme, cylindrical cam will drive in the course of rotation swings eccentric cam rotation, and swings The circumferential side wall of eccentric cam changes always to the distance between own rotation center, and since conflict block is pushed against swing On the circumferential side wall of eccentric cam, therefore swings eccentric cam and will push conflict block generation reciprocating motion during rotation, Conflict block drives feed bar to do reciprocally swinging between main shaft in feed pipe again, to reach the bar fortune on charging line The purpose being sent on main shaft.
The further setting of the present invention is:The conflict component is remote including being fixed in rack and being located at swing eccentric cam Lashing post from feed bar side, be opened in overlap hole of the feed bar on one end of conflict block, one end is had contact in contradicting column The upper and other end has contact in the conflict tension part in overlap hole, and the both ends for contradicting tension part are located at cylindrical cam rotation The two sides up and down of axis, and the conflict tension part is in tensional state.
By using above scheme, the both ends due to contradicting tension part are located at up and down the two of cylindrical cam pivot center Side, therefore conflict tension part can be applied to feed bar close to one end of conflict block towards close to swing eccentric cam side always The driving force of movement enables conflict bar to be in contact always with swing eccentric cam, is rotating so that swinging eccentric cam During can cross cause be fed bar generate swing.
The further setting of the present invention is:The pusher include be arranged in feed bar rotation axis center mandril, It is opened in the loose slot on charging ram and for passing through for mandril close to one end of charging ram, is sheathed on mandril across feed bar turn Elastic force actuator on one end of moving axis is fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam and is located at mandril pushing away far from charging ram side Material cam is fixed on pushing block of the pusher cam on one side end face of mandril, and the mandril passes through one end of feed bar rotation axis It contradicts on pusher cam, and the both ends of mandril are fixed with and fall off and limit elastic force actuator for limiting itself from charging ram The anti-drop block to fall off from itself, along the direction of rotation of pusher cam, in smooth between the pushing block and the surface of pusher cam Transition.
By using above scheme, when the bar being fed on bar will be directed at the center line of main shaft, on pusher cam Pushing block, which starts to generate with mandril, to be contacted, and in pusher cam during continuing rotation, can gradually push mandril towards far Side movement from pusher cam, and mandril is in the process of movement, will push charging ram far from one end of bar and generates rotation, Charging ram in the course of rotation, can form bar close to one end of bar and stir, be pulled to bar out of clamp port On main shaft, to complete the purpose of automatic charging.
The further setting of the present invention is:It is provided on the main shaft for bar to be pushed away to the cutting agency fallen, under described Material mechanism includes the blanking bar for being arranged in main-shaft core, the annular groove being opened on the one end of blanking bar far from horizontal tool apron, hinged In the blanking cam in mounting base and on pusher ring that pusher column is embedded in annular groove, the rotation axis for being fixed on cylindrical cam, institute It states the position on blanking cam and being located in itself cam path to be arranged there are two bootstrap block, two bootstrap blocks are formed with cam path Broken line, the pusher ring are embedded in the cam path of blanking cam far from one end of own rotation axis, and blanking bar position Between the rotation axis and blanking cam of pusher ring.
By using above scheme, when needing to carry out blanking to the bar processed, cylindrical cam drives blanking first Cam rotation, due to being formed with broken line on the cam path of blanking cam, blanking cam is during rotation, pusher ring On pusher column can progress into this section in broken line, the pusher column on pusher ring enter this section of cam path during Can drive pusher ring towards close to bar side rotate, due to blanking bar be located at pusher ring rotation axis and blanking cam it Between, thus pusher ring will push in the course of rotation blanking bar by bar the roof fall from main shaft, to reach automatic blanking Purpose.
In conclusion the invention has the advantages that:
1. bar can be installed on main shaft by this semi-automatic lathe automatically, and can be carried out chamfering to bar simultaneously, be bored Hole and open Gewindefreistiche, by multiple processes concentrate in same equipment after, the processing flow of valve rod can be reduced, shorten valve The process time of bar, to achieve the purpose that improve valve rod production efficiency;
2. the delivering gear and lower cutter mechanism that integrally link can be improved the linkage between horizontal tool apron and vertical tool apron, simplify The number of components of this lathe, to achieve the purpose that improve bar machining accuracy while facilitating maintenance of equipment;
It is fallen 3. the cutting agency on main shaft after processing is completed automatically can above push away bar from main shaft in bar, makes subsequent bar It can be mounted on main shaft under the action of charging gear, to realize whole automations of feeding, blanking process.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view being located at A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlarged view being located at B in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of material toggling component of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of feed device of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is partial view of the invention, for embodying the structure of cutting agency.
In figure:1, rack;2, main shaft;21, mounting base;3, feed device;31, vibrating disk;32, charging line;4, material toggling Component;41, support column;42, Kick-out hook;421, hook part;43, clump weight;5, limit assembly;51, limit film;511, it deflects Slot;52, limited post;6, charging gear;61, it is fed bar;62, clamping head;63, pulling assembly;631, the first stay column;632, second Stay column;633, elastic component is tensed;64, charging ram;65, clamp port;7, swing mechanism;71, eccentric cam is swung;72, conflict block; 8, component is contradicted;81, lashing post;82, overlap hole;83, tension part is contradicted;9, pusher;91, mandril;911, anti-drop block; 92, loose slot;93, elastic force actuator;94, pusher cam;95, pushing block;10, truning fixture;101, sliding rail;102, horizontal knife Seat;103, chamfer cutter;104, drill lathe tool;105, vertical tool apron;106, necking tool;11, delivering gear;111, cylinder is convex Wheel;112, idler wheel;113, the first overlap joint column;114, return springs;12, lower cutter mechanism;121, lever;122, lower knife bar; 123, connecting rod;124, swing rod;125, eccentric wheel is cut;126, elastic component is cut;13, cutting agency;131, blanking bar;132, ring Slot;133, pusher ring;134, blanking cam;1341, cam path;135, bootstrap block;14, bar.
Specific embodiment
Below in conjunction with attached drawing, invention is further described in detail.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe, including rack 1, main shaft 2, feed device 3, charging gear 6, Truning fixture 10, main shaft 2 are rotationally connected in rack 1 by mounting base 21;It offers on the installation end of main shaft 2 for for stick The charge chute that material 14 is embedded in, and main shaft 2 carries out driving rotation by motor.
Feed device 3 includes vibrating disk 31, charging line 32, and vibrating disk 31 is fixed in rack 1, it is that a kind of utilize is shaken The equipment that dynamic principle conveys part, it is very widely used in field of machining, zero in 31 hopper of vibrating disk Part be vibrated after along helical orbit rise, during rising by a series of tracks screening or attitudes vibration, zero Part can be in unified state according to the requirement of assembling or processing automatically into assembling or Working position, thus by unordered workpiece Automatic order align it is neat, be accurately transported to next procedure.One end of charging line 32 is fixed on vibrating disk 31, separately One end extends at the charging end of main shaft 2, and the end face flush with main shaft 2.Charging line 32 is close to 31 one end of vibrating disk Feed inlet is located at the lower section of the feeding track of vibrating disk 31, and quilt under the action of material toggling component 4 of the bar 14 in feeding track It is sequentially sent in charging line 32.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 4, material toggling component 4 includes support column 41, Kick-out hook 42, and support column 41 is fixed on vibrating disk 31 Discharging end upper and close to feeding track;Kick-out hook 42 is rotationally hung on support column 41, in Kick-out hook 42 close to feeding One end of track passes through the hook part 421 being bent to form for hooking rod withdrawal material 14, and in Kick-out hook 42 far from hook part 421 The clump weight 43 for driving hook part 421 to be upturned is provided on one end.
The limit assembly 5 for limiting 421 deflection angle of hook part is provided on support column 41, limit assembly 5 includes Limit film 51, limited post 52, limit film 51 and limited post 52 are both secured on support column 41;It offers and is used in limit film 51 For the deflection slot 511 that Kick-out hook 42 is embedded in, one end that Kick-out hook 42 is formed with hook part 421 is located at limit film 51 and limited post 52 Between, and when inconsistent with limited post 52 under promotion of the Kick-out hook 42 in bar 14, the bar 14 far from hook part 421 one End is fallen into the feed inlet of charging line 32, at this time when Kick-out hook 42 is formed with weight of the one end in clump weight 43 of hook part 421 When being upturned under power effect, bar 14 can be toggled it to close to vertical state, so that bar 14 is able to enter charging line In 32, to achieve the purpose that for the bar 14 on feeding track to be transferred in charging line 32.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 5, charging gear 6 includes feed bar 61, clamping head 62, pulling assembly 63, charging ram 64, is given Material bar 61 is articulated in mounting base 21;Clamping head 62 is articulated with feed bar 61 on one end of charging line 32, in feed bar 61 and clamping head 62 on respectively offer half-arc groove, be formed with and be used between the half-arc groove being fed on bar 61 and clamping head 62 For the clamp port 65 that the bar 14 on charging line 32 is embedded in, it is located at the edge of clamp port 65 in feed bar 61 and clamping head 62 The chamfering for facilitating bar 14 to enter clamp port 65 is offered simultaneously.Charging on the feed opening and main shaft 2 of charging line 32 For slot position in the rotary motion trace of clamp port 65, and when clamp port 65 is aligned with charge chute, feed bar 61 blocks charging line 32 feed opening can be pushed into clamp port 65 in this way when the bar 14 in charging line 32 is pushed by subsequent bar 14, And when clamp port 65, which is turned to, to be aligned with charge chute, the bar 14 in charging line 32 will not be fallen again, thus side Just bar 14 is transferred on main shaft 2 out of charging line 32 and is processed.
Pulling assembly 63 includes the first stay column 631, the second stay column 632, tenses elastic component 633, and the first stay column 631 is fixed on It is fed on bar 61;Second stay column 632 is fixed on clamping head 62;Tension elastic component 633 is hook spring, tenses elastic component 633 One end have contact on the first stay column 631, the other end has contact on the second stay column 632, and tenses elastic component 633 and be in and stretch shape State, in this way tension elastic component 633 can be applied to the close driving force of 631 1 direction the second stay columns 632 of the first stay column, in turn Clamping head 62 is driven to be pushed against on feed bar 61, so that bar 14 be made to be not easy to fall from clamp port 65.
The pendulum for driving feed bar 61 to do reciprocally swinging between charging line 32 and main shaft 2 is provided in rack 1 Motivation structure 7, swing mechanism 7 include swinging eccentric cam 71, conflict block 72, and cylindrical cam 111 is rotatably connected in rack 1, Eccentric cam 71 is swung to be fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam 111;It is eccentric close to swinging that conflict block 72 is fixed on feed bar 61 On one end of cam 71, and conflict block 72 is pushed against the circumference for swinging eccentric cam 71 always under the action of contradicting component 8 On wall.
It contradicts component 8 to include lashing post 81, overlap hole 82, contradict tension part 83, lashing post 81 is fixed in rack 1;It takes It connects hole 82 and is opened in feed bar 61 on one end of conflict block 72;Conflict tension part 83 is hook spring, contradicts tension part 83 One end have contact on lashing post 81, the other end, which has contact with, be in tensional state, and conflict in overlap hole 82, contradicting tension part 83 The both ends of tension part 83 are located at the two sides up and down of 111 rotation axis of cylindrical cam, in this way the pulling force energy on conflict tension part 83 Conflict block 72 is enough driven to be pushed against on the circumferential side wall for swinging eccentric cam 71, so that swinging bias when cylindrical cam 111 drives When cam 71 rotates, conflict block 72 can be pushed to generate movement, will drive feed bar 61 again during conflict block 72 moves Swing is generated, to achieve the purpose that for bar 14 to be transferred on main shaft 2 from charging line 32.
Charging ram 64 is articulated on feed bar 61, the pivot center of charging ram 64 perpendicular to feed bar 61 pivot center, The pusher end of charging ram 64 is located in clamp port 65, and is located at side of the bar 14 far from charging line 32.
As shown in Figure 2 and Figure 5, it is provided in rack 1 for driving the pusher end of charging ram 64 towards close to main shaft 2 The pusher 9 of side rotation, pusher 9 include mandril 91, loose slot 92, elastic force actuator 93, pusher cam 94, pushing block 95, mandril 91 is arranged in the rotation axis center of feed bar 61;Loose slot 92 is opened on charging ram 64, the length side of loose slot 92 To the length direction for being parallel to charging ram 64, and mandril 91 is arranged in loose slot 92 close to one end of charging ram 64;Elastic force drives Moving part 93 is spring, and elastic force actuator 93 is sheathed on mandril 91 and passes through on one end of feed 61 rotation axis of bar, and elastic force drives at this time Part 93 and charging ram 64 are located at the two sides of feed 61 rotation axis of bar, and are respectively fixed with anticreep in the end at 91 both ends of mandril Block 911 falls off from mandril 91 to limit elastic force actuator 93, and limitation mandril 91 is deviate from out of loose slot 92.
Pusher cam 94 is fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam 111, and mandril 91 passes through the one of feed 61 rotation axis of bar End contradicts on pusher cam 94 under the driving of elastic force actuator 93;Pushing block 95 is fixed on pusher cam 94, and pushing block 95 arrives The distance between 94 center of rotation of pusher cam is equal to mandril 91 and arrives the distance between 94 center of rotation of pusher cam, and along pusher The rotation direction of cam 94, in smooth transition between pushing block 95 and the surface of pusher cam 94, so that when pusher cam 94 drives Pushing block 95 be increasingly towards mandril 91 close to when, mandril 91 can arrive along the plane motion of transition between pushing block 95 and pusher cam 94 On pushing block 95, in this process, mandril 91 gradually squeezes elastic force actuator 93, and charging ram 64 is pushed to rotate, will Bar 14 in clamp port 65 is shifted onto the charge chute on main shaft 2, and when mandril 91 and pushing block 95 disengage, mandril 91 Reset can be generated under the driving of elastic force actuator 93, i.e. pulling charging ram 64 resets, to make the bar in charging line 32 14 can be admitted in clamp port 65.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, truning fixture 10 includes sliding rail 101, horizontal tool apron 102, chamfer cutter 103, drilling lathe tool 104, vertical tool apron 105, necking tool 106, sliding rail 101 are fixed in rack 1, and the length direction of sliding rail 101 is parallel to main shaft 2 Pivot center;Horizontal tool apron 102 is slidably connected on sliding rail 101;Chamfer cutter 103 and drilling lathe tool 104 are both secured to water On flat cutter seat 102, drilling lathe tool 104 is located on the same line with main shaft 2, and the cutting end of drilling lathe tool 104 is towards main shaft 2;Chamfer cutter 103 is located at the side of drilling lathe tool 104.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, the delivering gear 11 for driving tool apron close towards main shaft 2 is provided in rack 1, Delivering gear 11 includes cylindrical cam 111, the overlap joint overlap joint column of column 113, second of idler wheel 112, first(It is not shown in the figure), reset bullet Property part 114, cylindrical cam 111 and above-mentioned cylindrical cam 111 here is same, and cylindrical cam 111 passes through electricity Machine driving rotation;Idler wheel 112 is rotationally connected on horizontal tool apron 102 by wheel arm, and the circumferential side wall of idler wheel 112 is contradicted in circle On the cam surface of column cam 111.
First overlap joint column 113 is fixed on sliding rail 101;Second overlap joint column is fixed on horizontal tool apron 102;Return springs 114 be hook spring, and the both ends of return springs 114 are had contact with respectively on the first overlap joint column 113 and the second overlap joint column, resets bullet Property part 114 be in tensional state, and be located at horizontal side of the tool apron 102 far from main shaft 2.
As shown in Fig. 2, vertical tool apron 105 is liftably slidably connected in mounting base 21, and it is located at the top of main shaft 2, Necking tool 106 is fixed on vertical tool apron 105, and the cutting end of necking tool 106 is towards main shaft 2.
As shown in Fig. 2, being provided with the lower cutter mechanism for driving vertical tool apron 105 to move up and down in mounting base 21 12, lower cutter mechanism 12 includes lever 121, lower knife bar 122, connecting rod 123, swing rod 124, cuts eccentric wheel 125, in lever 121 Portion is articulated in mounting base 21;One end of lower knife bar 122 is articulated on lever 121, and the other end is articulated with vertical tool apron 105 On;Connecting rod 123 is articulated in mounting base 21, and close to the upper surface of rack 1;It is separate that one end of swing rod 124 is articulated with lever 121 One end of lower knife bar 122, the other end are articulated on connecting rod 123.
Eccentric wheel 125 is cut to be fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam 111;It is arranged between mounting base 21 and connecting rod 123 Elastic component 126 is cut, cutting elastic component 126 is hook spring, and the one end for cutting elastic component 126 is fixed in mounting base 21, The other end is fixed on connecting rod 123, and the elastic force for cutting elastic component 126 pulls connecting rod 123 towards rack 1, so that pendulum Bar 124 can be pushed against always the circle for cutting eccentric wheel 125 close to one end of connecting rod 123 under the action of cutting elastic component 126 On all side walls.
As shown in fig. 6, being additionally provided on main shaft 2 for the bar processed 14 to be pushed away to the cutting agency 13 fallen, blanking Mechanism 13 includes blanking bar 131, annular groove 132, pusher ring 133, blanking cam 134, and blanking bar 131 is arranged in the center of main shaft 2, And it is located at after main shaft 2 inconsistent with bar 14 in charge chute;Annular groove 132 is opened in one of blanking bar 131 far from bar 14 On end;Pusher ring 133 is articulated in mounting base 21, and the pusher column of pusher ring 133 is embedded in annular groove 132;Blanking cam 134 It is fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam 111, offers on the circumferential side wall of blanking cam 134 and divide around blanking cam 134 The cam path 1341 of cloth on blanking cam 134 and is located at the two sides of cam path 1341 and is respectively fixed with bootstrap block 135, and two Bootstrap block 135 makes to be formed with broken line on cam path 1341, and pusher ring 133 is embedded at cam path far from one end of own rotation axis In 1341, blanking bar 131 is between pusher ring 133 and blanking cam 134 at this time, so that the mistake rotated in blanking cam 134 Cheng Zhong can drive pusher ring 133 to rotate when one end that pusher ring 133 is embedded at cam path 1341 progresses into broken line, Pusher ring 133 can drive blanking bar 131 above to push away the bar 14 processed from main shaft 2 and fall during rotating, to reach certainly The purpose of dynamic blanking.
Specific implementation process:When needing to process bar 14, bar 14 is transported to itself first by vibrating disk 31 Feeding track on, then under the action of Kick-out hook 42 will bar 14 be sent into charging line 32 in;Bar 14 is from charging line After being come out in 32, it can initially enter and be formed by clamp port 65 between feed bar 61 and clamping head 62, then swing eccentric convex Wheel 71 drives feed main shaft 2 one side oscillation of the bar 61 towards lathe;After the center of rotation that clamp port 65 is directed at main shaft 2, pusher Cam 94 drives charging ram 64 to act again, and bar 14 is shifted on main shaft 2, swings eccentric cam 71 later and drives feed bar 61 again It resets;Then main shaft 2 drives bar 14 to rotate, and while bar 14 rotates, horizontal tool apron 102 and vertical tool apron 105 are distinguished It is close towards bar 14 under the action of delivering gear 11 and lower cutter mechanism 12, it is contacted with the generation of bar 14, bar 14 is carried out Chamfering, drilling and fluting realize step movement, complete the effect of multiple working procedure, can reduce the processing flow of valve rod in this way, contract The process time of short valve rod, to achieve the purpose that improve valve rod production efficiency.
Bar 14 after processing is completed, the pusher column on pusher ring 133 can progress into the cam path of blanking cam 134 1341 be in this section of broken line, and the pusher column on pusher ring 133 can drive during entering this section of cam path 1341 to be pushed away Expect that ring 133 is rotated towards the side close to bar 14, since blanking bar 131 is located at the rotation axis and blanking cam of pusher ring 133 134, therefore pusher ring 133 will push blanking bar 131 for bar 14 from roof fall on main shaft 2, to reach in the course of rotation The purpose of automatic blanking.
This specific embodiment is only explanation of the invention, is not limitation of the present invention, those skilled in the art Member can according to need the modification that not creative contribution is made to the present embodiment after reading this specification, but as long as at this All by the protection of Patent Law in the scope of the claims of invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe, including rack (1), it is rotationally connected on rack (1) and for for bar (14) The main shaft (2) of installation, it is characterised in that:Further include
Feed device (3), the feed device (3) include that vibration is fixed in the vibrating disk (31) that is fixed on rack (1), one end On disk (31) and the other end extends to the charging line (32) of main shaft (2) installation end side, and the charging line (32) is close to vibration One end of Moving plate (31) is connected by material toggling component (4) with the feeding track of vibrating disk (31);
Charging gear (6), the charging gear (6) include the feed bar (61) being articulated in the mounting base (21) of main shaft (2), hinge It is connected on feed bar (61) and is formed with the clamping for receiving bar (14) on charging line (32) between feed bar (61) The clamping head (62) of mouth (65) is set on feed bar (61) and for driving clamping head (62) to be pushed against on feed bar (61) Pulling assembly (63) is articulated on feed bar (61) and for shifting the bar (14) in clamp port (65) on main shaft (2) onto Charging ram (64) is provided on the rack (1) for driving feed bar (61) to do between charging line (32) and main shaft (2) The swing mechanism (7) of reciprocally swinging and pusher (9) for driving charging ram (64) to push bar (14);
Truning fixture (10), the truning fixture (10) include the sliding rail (101) being fixed on rack (1), are slidably connected to cunning It does the horizontal tool apron (102) of straight reciprocating motion on rail (101) and along main shaft (2) length direction is parallel to, be fixed on horizontal knife Chamfer cutter (103), drilling lathe tool (104) on seat (102) are liftably slidably connected to master by vertical tool apron (105) In the mounting base (21) of axis (2) and it is used to process the necking tool (106) of Gewindefreistiche on bar (14), is set to rack (1) on and the delivering gear (11), the lower cutter mechanism that drive horizontal tool apron (102) and vertical tool apron (105) to move are respectively used to (12), drilling lathe tool (104) and the pivot center of main shaft (2) are located on the same line, chamfer cutter (103) position In the side of drilling lathe tool (104).
2. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Delivering gear (11) packet It includes and is rotationally connected with the cylindrical cam (111) driven on rack (1) and by motor, level is rotationally connected with by wheel arm Idler wheel (112) on tool apron (102), is fixed on horizontal tool apron (102) at first be fixed on sliding rail (101) overlap joint column (113) On second overlap joint column, one end have contact on the first overlap joint column (113) and the other end has contact in the reset bullet on the second overlap joint column Property part (114), the pivot center of the cylindrical cam (111) are parallel to the pivot center of main shaft (2), the idler wheel (112) Circumferential side wall is pushed against on the cam surface of cylindrical cam (111), and it is remote that the return springs (114) are located at horizontal tool apron (102) Side from main shaft (2), and the return springs (114) are in tensional state.
3. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Lower cutter mechanism (12) packet Include the lever (121) being articulated in the mounting base (21) of main shaft (2), one end is articulated on lever (121) and the other end is articulated with The lower knife bar (122) on tool apron (105), the connecting rod (123) being articulated in the mounting base (21) of main shaft (2), one end are hinged vertically In lever (121) far from lower knife bar (122) one end on and the other end be articulated with connecting rod (123) far from mounting base (21) one end On swing rod (124), be fixed on cutting eccentric wheel (125) in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam (111), the swing rod (124) is leaned on One end of nearly connecting rod (123) contradicts on the circumferential side wall for cutting eccentric wheel (125), and on the mounting base of main shaft (2) (21) It is provided with for cutting elastic component (126) connecting rod (123) towards what rack (1) pulled, it is described to cut the one of elastic component (126) End is fixed on mounting base (21) and the other end is fixed on connecting rod (123).
4. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Material toggling component (4) packet Include be fixed on the vibrating disk (31) and close to the support column (41) of the feed inlet side of charging line (32), hang on it is described Kick-out hook (42) on support column (41), the Kick-out hook (42) are useful by being bent to form close to the one end of charging line (32) In carrying out the hook part (421) that hook proposes to bar (14), it is provided on one end of the Kick-out hook (42) separate hook part (421) Clump weight (43) for driving hook part (421) to be upturned, and be provided on the support column (41) curved for limiting The limit assembly (5) of hook portion (421) deflection angle.
5. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Limit assembly (5) packet The limit film (51) being fixed on support column (41) and limited post (52) are included, the limit film (51) and limited post (52) are far from branch One end of dagger (41) is located at the two sides of hook part (421), and when hook part (421) and limited post (52) are inconsistent, Bar (14) is fallen into the feed inlet of charging line (32) far from the one end of hook part (421).
6. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pulling assembly (63) packet The first stay column (631) being fixed on feed bar (61) is included, is fixed on clamping head (62) and is located at clamp port (65) and clamped The second stay column (632), one end between the center of rotation of head (62) have contact on the first stay column (631) and the other end has contact in the Tension elastic component (633) on two stay columns (632), the tension elastic component (633) are in tensional state.
7. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Swing mechanism (7) packet It includes the swing eccentric cam (71) being fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam (111), be fixed on the close swing of feed bar (61) partially Conflict block (72) on one end of cardiac prominence wheel (71), the conflict block (72) are pushed against always under the action of contradicting component (8) On the circumferential side wall for swinging eccentric cam (71).
8. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:Conflict component (8) packet It includes and is fixed on rack (1) and is located at the lashing post (81) swung eccentric cam (71) far from feed bar (61) side, is opened in Feed bar (61) close to conflict block (72) one end on overlap hole (82), one end have contact in contradict column on and the other end have contact in Conflict tension part (83) in overlap hole (82), the both ends for contradicting tension part (83) are located at cylindrical cam (111) and turn The two sides up and down of shaft line, and the conflict tension part (83) is in tensional state.
9. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Pusher (9) packet The mandril (91) for the rotation axis center for being arranged in feed bar (61) is included, is opened on charging ram (64) and for being leaned on for mandril (91) Loose slot (92) that one end of nearly charging ram (64) passes through is sheathed on mandril (91) and passes through on one end of feed bar (61) rotation axis Elastic force actuator (93), be fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam (111) and be located at mandril (91) far from charging ram (64) one The pusher cam (94) of side is fixed on the pushing block (95) of pusher cam (94) on (91) one side end face of mandril, the mandril (91) one end for passing through feed bar (61) rotation axis contradicts on pusher cam (94), and the both ends of mandril (91) are fixed with and are used for The anti-drop block (911) that the elastic force actuator (93) that itself falls off and limit from charging ram (64) falls off from itself is limited, edge pushes away The direction of rotation for expecting cam (94), in smooth transition between the pushing block (95) and the surface of pusher cam (94).
10. a kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is arranged on the main shaft (2) Have for pushing away the cutting agency fallen (13) bar (14), the cutting agency (13) includes being arranged under main shaft (2) center Material bar (131), is articulated with mounting base at the annular groove (132) being opened on one end of blanking bar (131) separate horizontal tool apron (102) (21) it on and pusher ring (133) that pusher column is embedded in annular groove (132), is fixed in the rotation axis of cylindrical cam (111) Blanking cam (134), on the blanking cam (134) and the position setting that is located in itself cam path (1341) there are two guidance Block (135), two bootstrap blocks (135) make cam path (1341) be formed with broken line, and the pusher ring (133) is far from own rotation One end of axis is embedded in the cam path (1341) of blanking cam (134), and the blanking bar (131) is located at pusher ring (133) Rotation axis and blanking cam (134) between.
CN201810837765.9A 2018-07-26 2018-07-26 A kind of valve rod Semi-automatic flat surface lathe Active CN108907721B (en)

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CN110281024A (en) * 2019-07-05 2019-09-27 苏州兴广五金制品有限公司 A kind of aluminum pipe automatic trimming facing attachment
CN110712017A (en) * 2019-10-22 2020-01-21 深圳粤牛科技有限公司 Milling cutter production process and fishtail machine clamping device applied to milling cutter production process
CN111482630A (en) * 2019-05-06 2020-08-04 福鼎市福海化油器有限公司 High-efficient oil drainage screw machine tool
CN111922771A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-13 龙游平涂耐火材料有限公司 Grooving device of screw machining equipment

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CN107570728A (en) * 2017-08-25 2018-01-12 温州千亚阀门配件有限公司 Valve rod head chamfer machining equipment
CN206967144U (en) * 2017-07-04 2018-02-06 浙江金火科技实业有限公司 Air-conditioning check valve valve rod full-automatic processing lathe

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CN111922771A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-11-13 龙游平涂耐火材料有限公司 Grooving device of screw machining equipment
CN111922771B (en) * 2020-08-19 2021-08-13 于海洋 Grooving device of screw machining equipment

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