CN108906186B - Centralized continuous treatment equipment for construction waste - Google Patents

Centralized continuous treatment equipment for construction waste Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108906186B
CN108906186B CN201811177160.8A CN201811177160A CN108906186B CN 108906186 B CN108906186 B CN 108906186B CN 201811177160 A CN201811177160 A CN 201811177160A CN 108906186 B CN108906186 B CN 108906186B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crusher
jaw
tooth plate
plate
construction waste
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CN201811177160.8A
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CN108906186A (en
Inventor
程玉全
王林生
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Shaanxi Yuquan Machine Manufacturing Group Co ltd
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Shaanxi Yuquan Machine Manufacturing Group Co ltd
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Priority to CN201811177160.8A priority Critical patent/CN108906186B/en
Publication of CN108906186A publication Critical patent/CN108906186A/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • B02C1/02Jaw crushers or pulverisers
    • B02C1/04Jaw crushers or pulverisers with single-acting jaws
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/02Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft
    • B02C13/06Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with horizontal rotor shaft with beaters rigidly connected to the rotor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material

Abstract

The utility model provides a centralized continuous treatment device for construction waste, which is provided with a jaw crusher, a slag removing structure and a high-fine crusher, wherein the jaw crusher continuously feeds materials and is provided with a crushing tooth plate and a separation tooth plate for stripping impurities in a vertical device shell by utilizing gravity; a filter screen is installed in cooperation with the separation tooth plate; a sundry riding wheel is arranged at the transition position of a feed opening of the jaw crusher and a feed opening of the high-fine crusher; the feed opening and the other side of the jaw crusher are provided with impurity discharge outlets; the feeding port of the high-fine crusher is combined with a feeding port of the high-fine crusher, and a clay feeding port doped with wet clay is arranged on the feeding port; and the high-fine crusher and the jaw crusher are driven to operate by the same motor respectively. The invention has strong comprehensive capacity, avoids the links of manual crushing, sorting of sundries such as reinforcing steel bars, wood materials, fibers and the like, can finish the disposal and utilization of construction waste at one time, and is used for preparing ideal raw materials of sintered bricks for building wall materials; the mechanical automation, integration and economy are realized, the production efficiency is improved, and the method plays an important role in accelerating the comprehensive utilization of construction waste resources.

Description

Centralized continuous treatment equipment for construction waste
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of operation and transportation solid waste treatment equipment, and particularly relates to construction waste centralized continuous treatment equipment for producing sintered bricks by using construction waste.
Background
At present, China is in the climax of building, removing and transforming urban infrastructure, the contradiction between the building garbage and the city is particularly prominent, and the development process of urban and rural integrated construction is seriously hindered. The traditional treatment method of construction waste is gully filling and house foundation backfilling, and the full reutilization rate of resources is to be improved. In some continuous operation equipment capable of realizing the recycling of construction wastes to produce sintered bricks in the prior art, manual sorting or screening steps of a screening machine are required between jaw crushing and fine crushing, the operation of the process procedure for producing bricks by using the construction wastes is complex, and the automation degree is not high; the equipment cost expenditure for realizing continuous operation is high from the crushing of the construction waste to the production process of the green bricks; in addition, a plurality of conveyors are combined to transport materials actively to realize material turnover, so that the whole system is large in power consumption and unfavorable for energy conservation; in addition, the prepared finely-ground material is usually prepared by independently adding clay supplementary material outside the equipment, so that dust pollution is caused on one hand; on the other hand, the processing technology for producing adobes by simplifying construction wastes is not facilitated. Therefore, the comprehensive performance of the treatment equipment in the prior art in the aspects of economy, energy conservation, emission reduction, consumption reduction and the like needs to be improved. In view of this, the following improvement is proposed.
Disclosure of Invention
The technical problems solved by the invention are as follows: the construction waste centralized continuous treatment equipment is provided, and the technical problem of high energy consumption of the construction waste treatment equipment in the prior art is solved by utilizing gravity to continuously feed materials; the technical problem of automatic sorting of materials is solved by utilizing the periodic reciprocating motion of a movable jaw plate of a jaw crusher and the arrangement of a separation tooth plate; the technical difficulty of manufacturing the raw material of the sintered green brick from the construction waste is simplified on the one hand through the structural improvement that the clay feed inlet and the high-fine crusher feed inlet are combined to feed materials to the high-fine crusher; on the other hand, the dust emission problem in the blank making process of the construction waste is favorably inhibited; the multifunctional machine has multiple functions, simple structure, economy and practicality, and high automation degree; the efficient, continuous and centralized blank making is facilitated; energy conservation and environmental protection.
The technical scheme adopted by the invention is as follows: the centralized continuous treatment equipment for the construction waste is provided with a vertical equipment shell, wherein a jaw crusher, a slag removing structure and a high-fineness crusher which continuously and continuously feed materials by utilizing gravity are vertically arranged in the equipment shell from top to bottom; wherein a crushing tooth plate is arranged on the crushing working surface of the jaw crusher; the bottom of a movable jaw plate of the jaw crusher is provided with a separation tooth plate which follows the movable jaw plate to do periodic reciprocating motion and strips away construction waste impurities towards the side of the equipment shell; the filter screen is arranged below a feed opening of the jaw crusher; the slag removing structure comprises a separation tooth plate, a filter screen and a sundry riding wheel; wherein the sundries riding wheel is arranged below the feed opening of the jaw crusher and at the transition position of the feed opening of the high-fine crusher communicated with the feed opening of the jaw crusher; and the other sides of the feed opening of the jaw crusher and the feed opening of the high-fine crusher are provided with impurity discharge outlets which are inclined downwards; the feeding port of the high-fine crusher is combined with the feeding port of the high-fine crusher, and a clay feeding port capable of mixing wet clay is arranged beside the feeding port; wherein the high-fine crusher and the jaw crusher are driven to operate by the same motor respectively.
Among the above-mentioned technical scheme, for promoting jaw crusher's crushing efficiency through simple and effectual structure, preferably: the tooth shapes of the crushing tooth plate and the separating tooth plate are triangular; the jaw crusher has crushing teeth on the movable jaw plate and the fixed jaw plate opposite to each other and capable of being meshed.
Among the above-mentioned technical scheme, for the upper and lower and flexible reciprocating periodic motion with the help of movable jaw and pull rod spring, through simple structure, play manual sorting's effect: the triangular teeth of the separating tooth plate incline towards the discharging direction of the impurity discharging outlet.
Among the above-mentioned technical scheme, for the crushing dental lamina and the separation dental lamina of convenient change damage in the future, further: the separation tooth plate and the crushing tooth plate can be detachably arranged on the jaw crusher.
In the above technical scheme, for the automatic picking of debris such as cotton fibre, saw-dust, reinforcing bar: fully extruding; the filter screen is arranged between the separation tooth plate and the sundries riding wheel; and the upper end surface of the filter screen is arranged close to the lower edge of the teeth of the separation tooth plate.
In the technical scheme, the filter screen is used in cooperation, so that the building material after primary crushing is favorably buffered and slowly descended; the separation of impurities such as steel bars is facilitated: the outer circumference of the wheel body of the sundries riding wheel is uniformly distributed with a plurality of triangular teeth, and the outer contour diameter of the sundries riding wheel is matched with the caliber of the feeding hole of the high-fine crusher and can rotate freely.
In the technical scheme, in order to save manual sorting or separately add a screening machine for screening, one machine with multiple functions is realized through the simplest structure; the automatic transportation and feeding of materials are realized by utilizing gravity; the automatic screening of the raw materials is realized by utilizing the periodic reciprocating motion of the movable jaw of the jaw crusher: a guide plate group I facing the side guide material where the movable jaw plate which reciprocates periodically is arranged at the feed opening of the jaw crusher; a sundry riding wheel is arranged at the diversion tail end of the diversion plate group I; a group of guide plate groups II and a group of guide plate groups III are respectively arranged at the sides of the sundry supporting wheels, wherein the guide plate groups II and the guide plate groups III are obliquely arranged towards the left oblique lower part and the right oblique lower part; wherein the guide plate group II forms a feeding hole of the high-fine crusher, and the guide plate group III forms an impurity discharging outlet; the clay feed inlet comprises a guide plate group IV arranged beside the feed inlet of the high-fine crusher; and the clay feed inlet and the high-fine crusher feed inlet are both combined into feed by the high-fine crusher with the gravity facing downwards.
In the above technical solution, in order to utilize one motor to do work and reduce the operation of the transmission noise to realize the primary crushing and the fine crushing equipment, preferably: a power output shaft of the motor is coaxially provided with a first belt wheel and a second belt wheel; the first belt pulley is connected with the high-fine crusher through a transmission belt I and drives the high-fine crusher to operate; the second belt wheel is connected with a power input shaft of the speed reducer through a transmission belt II, and drives the jaw crusher to operate through the power output end of the speed reducer through belt transmission.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
1. according to the scheme, jaw crushing and high-fine crushing are vertically distributed, and the vertical equipment structure design of uninterrupted and continuous feeding by utilizing gravity is utilized, so that unpowered feeding is realized, and the purposes of economy and energy conservation are achieved; compared with the processing equipment which depends on multiple material turnover such as material feeding of a conveyor, the system composition is greatly simplified; the integrated design of jaw crushing and fine crushing is realized; the cost of the comprehensive treatment equipment of the construction waste is reduced;
2. according to the scheme, the separation tooth plates are arranged, and the separation of material reinforcing steel bars, wood and fiber impurities is realized by utilizing the periodic reciprocating motion of the movable jaw plates of the jaw crusher; the multifunctional sorting machine has the advantages that the multifunctional sorting machine can replace manual sorting by cooperating with a plurality of guide plate groups, simplifies complex structures such as multiple conveying, feeding and screening of raw materials, and realizes multiple functions of one machine;
3. the whole equipment and all components of the scheme have simple structures and high automation degree; the coarse crushing and fine crushing are driven by one motor to operate under the combined action, so that the equipment investment cost is greatly reduced; energy and electricity are saved, and the production cost is favorably reduced;
4. due to the arrangement of the clay feed port, moist clay can be doped while finely crushing, and the moist clay is beneficial to reducing the dust emission of system equipment and can be directly mixed to prepare raw materials of green bricks; the method is favorable for comprehensive, efficient and centralized treatment and reutilization of resources; the dust pollution in the production process can be reduced to the maximum extent; almost no residue exists, and the energy-saving and environment-friendly effects are obvious;
5. the scheme has multiple functions, and can automatically finish crushing, separating and finely crushing the materials in an energy-saving way; the structure is simple, the method is economical and practical, the automation degree is high, and the method is energy-saving and environment-friendly; the efficient, continuous and centralized blank making is facilitated; can be widely applied to the resource integration and reutilization of the construction waste for the reconstruction of old cities so as to prepare the novel energy-saving and environment-friendly type sintered brick raw material for buildings.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an embodiment of the present invention.
Detailed Description
A specific embodiment of the present invention will be described below with reference to fig. 1.
The following examples are given to facilitate a better understanding of the invention, but do not limit the invention. The control circuit in the following embodiments is implemented in a conventional control manner unless otherwise specified. The components used in the following examples are commercially available unless otherwise specified.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that the terms "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "inner", "outer", etc., indicate orientations or positional relationships based on the orientations or positional relationships shown in the drawings, and are only for convenience of description and simplicity of description, but do not indicate or imply that the device or element being referred to must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a particular orientation, and thus, should not be construed as limiting the present invention. Furthermore, the terms "first," "second," and "third" are used for descriptive purposes only and are not to be construed as indicating or implying relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that, unless otherwise explicitly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," and "connected" are to be construed broadly, e.g., as meaning either a fixed connection, a removable connection, or an integral connection; can be mechanically or electrically connected; they may be connected directly or indirectly through intervening media, or they may be interconnected between two elements. The specific meanings of the above terms in the present invention can be understood in specific cases to those skilled in the art.
Continuous type treatment facility is concentrated to building rubbish has vertical equipment casing 1, its characterized in that: for realizing a tractor serves several functions, utilize gravity to walk the material in succession, realize broken, letter sorting, fine crushing's energy-conserving operation in succession: and a jaw crusher 2, a slag removing structure 3 and a high-fineness crusher 4 which continuously and continuously feed materials by utilizing gravity are vertically arranged in the equipment shell 1 from top to bottom.
On the basis, in order to improve the crushing performance of the jaw crusher, a concrete bulk raw material containing foreign matters such as reinforcing steel bars, wood and the like is crushed into a more finely crushed material: wherein the crushing working surface of the jaw crusher 2 is provided with a crushing tooth plate 5. On the basis, the automatic stripping and sorting of impurities such as reinforcing steel bars and the like is completed by means of the periodic reciprocating motion of the movable jaw plate 201 of the jaw crusher 2 instead of manpower: the bottom of a movable jaw plate 201 of the jaw crusher 2 is provided with a separation tooth plate 6 which follows the movable jaw plate 201 to reciprocate periodically and strips away construction waste impurities towards the side of the equipment shell 1; the device is used in a manner of extruding and stripping in cooperation with a separation tooth plate 6, and a filter screen 7 is arranged below a feed opening 202 of the jaw crusher; the filter screen 7 is used for buffering, slowly descending, filtering and supporting the primarily crushed materials; and the slag removing structure 3 is matched with the separation dental plate 6 and comprises a separation dental plate 6, a filter screen 7 and a sundries riding wheel 8. Wherein the sundries riding wheel 8 is arranged below the jaw crusher feed opening 202 and at the transition position of a high-fine crusher feed opening 401 communicated with the jaw crusher feed opening 202; and the other sides of the jaw crusher feed opening 202 and the fine crusher feed opening 401 are provided with impurity discharge outlets 301 which are inclined downwards. In the improvement: arranging a sundry riding wheel 8 at the transition position of a jaw crusher feed opening 202, a high-fine crusher feed opening 401 and an impurity discharge opening 301; the sundries riding wheel 8 can play a role in slowly descending and guiding the flow of the material to the feed opening 202 of the jaw crusher again, so that the material after primary crushing falls into the lower high-fine crusher 4; the sundries riding wheel 8 has a refiltering effect on the feeding port 401 of the high-fine crusher; the sundry riding wheel 8 cooperates with the separation dental lamina 6 to play a role in guiding and guiding the foreign materials to the foreign material discharge outlet 301. On this basis, for simplifying equipment structure, realize a tractor serves several purposes, accomplish the direct blending of adobe raw materials in fine crushing, reduce equipment dust pollution simultaneously: the feeding material is combined with the feeding port 401 of the fine crusher, and a clay feeding port 9 capable of mixing wet clay is arranged beside the feeding material. On this basis, for further simplifying equipment structure composition, reduce the energy consumption: the fine crusher 4 and the jaw crusher 2 are driven to operate by the same motor 10 respectively.
In the above embodiment, in order to improve the crushing efficiency of the jaw crusher by a simple and effective structure, it is preferable that: the tooth shapes of the crushing tooth plate 5 and the separating tooth plate 6 are triangular. It should be noted that: the crushing tooth plate 5 comprises a tooth plate arranged on the movable jaw plate 201 and a tooth plate arranged on the working surface of the fixed jaw plate; the jaw crusher 2 has crushing teeth 5 on the movable jaw plate and the fixed jaw plate opposite to each other and capable of being meshed to crush fully. Furthermore, for the up-and-down and flexible reciprocating periodic motion that utilizes movable jaw 201 and pull rod spring 203, through simple structure, play the effect of manual sorting: the triangular teeth of the separation tooth plate 6 are inclined towards the discharge direction of the impurity discharge outlet 301. In particular, the separation tooth plate 6 can adopt a wear-resistant ratchet structure. In the above embodiment, in order to facilitate replacement of the damaged crushing tooth plate 5 and the separation tooth plate 6 after the day, further: the separation tooth plate 6 and the crushing tooth plate 5 can be detachably mounted on the jaw crusher 2.
In the above embodiment, the extrusion is sufficient; in order to facilitate the automatic picking of sundries such as cotton wool, wood chips, steel bars and the like: the filter screen 7 is arranged between the separation tooth plate 6 and the sundries riding wheel 8; and the upper end surface of the filter screen 7 is arranged close to the lower edge of the teeth of the separation tooth plate 6. In the embodiment, the filter screen is a synergistic filter screen, so that the building material after primary crushing can be guided to buffer and slowly fall; the separation of impurities such as steel bars is facilitated: a plurality of triangular teeth are uniformly distributed on the outer circumference of the wheel body of the sundries riding wheel 8, and the outer contour diameter of the sundries riding wheel 8 is matched with the caliber of a feeding port 401 of the high-fineness crusher and can rotate freely. That is, in the process that the primarily pulverized material is moved towards the right by the jaw 201 along with the tension rod spring 203, steel bar, wood chips and other impurities are stripped towards the right side of the equipment, and the primarily pulverized material falls into the feeding hole 401 of the high-fine crusher through the sundry supporting wheel 8 while the sundry supporting wheel 8 rotates clockwise as shown in the embodiment of fig. 1.
In the embodiment, in order to save manual sorting or separately add a screening machine for screening, one machine with multiple functions is realized through the simplest structure; the automatic transportation and feeding of materials are realized by utilizing gravity; the automatic screening of the raw materials is realized by utilizing the periodic reciprocating motion of the movable jaw of the jaw crusher 2: the discharge port 202 of the jaw crusher is provided with a guide plate group I2021 facing the side flow material where the movable jaw plate 201 which reciprocates periodically is located; specifically, the guide plate group I2021 comprises an inclined plate and an L-shaped arc plate; referring to the embodiment shown in fig. 1, the deflector group i 2021 guides the material to the right, and is composed of a quarter arc plate group and a horizontal plate group which are connected end to end. The guide tail end of the guide plate group I2021 is provided with a sundry riding wheel 8 which rotates in a fixed shaft mode; the side of the sundries supporting wheel 8 is respectively provided with a group of guide plate groups II 4011 which are obliquely arranged towards the left oblique lower side and a group of guide plate groups III 3011 which are obliquely arranged towards the right oblique lower side. Preferably, the guide plate group II 4011 and the guide plate group III 3011 are in an oblique downward-inclined folded angle structure; in addition, the vertex of the break angle of the deflector group II 4011 and the deflector group III 3011 is lower than the sundry riding wheel 8 to receive sundry waste materials which are guided by the sundry riding wheel 8 and stripped by the separation dental plate 6. The guide plate group II 4011 forms a feeding hole 401 of the high-fineness crusher, and in addition, the feeding hole 401 of the high-fineness crusher also comprises the outer side surface of the guide plate group I2021; the guide plate group III 3011 forms an impurity discharge outlet 301.
On the basis of the above steps: the clay feed port 9 comprises a guide plate group IV 901 arranged beside a feed port 401 of the high-fine crusher; referring to the embodiment of fig. 1, the deflector group iv 901 is disposed at the left side of the feed port 401 of the fine crusher and inclined to the right and downward to feed the wet clay ingredients. The clay feed inlet 9 and the fine crusher feed inlet 401 are combined into a feed by the fine crusher 4 with the gravity facing downwards. The material flow distribution, flow guide and screening are respectively realized by using a simple separation tooth plate 6, a sundry riding wheel 8 and a plurality of flow guide plate groups, so that the equipment structure is greatly simplified; the energy consumption of the equipment is reduced.
In the above embodiment, to implement the operation of the primary crushing and fine crushing apparatus by using one motor to do work and reduce the transmission noise, it is preferable that: a power output shaft of the motor 10 is coaxially provided with a first belt wheel and a second belt wheel; the first belt wheel is connected with the high-fine crusher 4 through a conveying belt I101 and drives the high-fine crusher 4 to operate; the second belt wheel is connected with a power input shaft of the speed reducer 11 through a transmission belt II 102, and drives the jaw crusher 2 to operate through belt transmission through a power output end of the speed reducer 11.
The working principle is as follows: feeding large concrete block raw materials containing foreign matters such as reinforcing steel bars and wood into a jaw crusher 2, wherein the jaw crusher 2 drives a belt and a belt pulley to rotate by a speed reducer 11 and a motor 10 by utilizing a bending extrusion type, and enables a movable jaw plate 201 to move up and down through an eccentric shaft, and when the movable jaw plate 201 rises, an included angle between a toggle plate and the movable jaw plate is increased, so that the movable jaw plate is pushed to approach a fixed jaw plate; simultaneously crushing or chopping the materials to achieve the purpose of crushing; when the movable jaw plate 201 moves downwards, the included angle between the toggle plate and the movable jaw plate is reduced, the movable jaw plate is separated from the fixed jaw plate under the action of the pull rod spring 203, and the crushed material falls to the position of the separation tooth plate 6 and the sundry supporting wheel 8 from the feed opening of the jaw crusher; the up-down and left-right reciprocating motion of the movable jaw plate 201 replaces hands, so that large concrete is crushed and separated from foreign matters such as reinforcing steel bars and wood; foreign matters such as steel bars and wood are sent into the impurity discharge outlet 301 and discharged out of the equipment shell 1; the primarily crushed concrete material enters a secondary fine crushing device, namely a high fine crusher 4. Meanwhile, a clay feed inlet 9 is designed between jaw crushing and high fine crushing and is used for adding plasticized materials such as moist clay and the like, and the moist plasticized concrete material and the primarily crushed material are simultaneously subjected to high fine crushing to uniformly mix the moist plasticized concrete material and the primarily crushed material, so that a moistening dust-settling effect is achieved, and the dust emission of equipment is reduced; after discharging, the brick is aged and stacked as the best brick making raw material.
Therefore, the jaw crushing and high-fine crushing are vertically distributed, and the unpowered material conveying is realized, and the energy is saved; compared with materials such as material feeding of a conveyor and the like which are repeatedly transferred and processed, the system composition is greatly simplified; the integrated design of jaw crushing and fine crushing is realized; the cost of the comprehensive treatment equipment for the construction waste is reduced. According to the invention, the separation of the material reinforcing steel bars, wood and fiber impurities is realized by utilizing the periodic reciprocating motion of the jaw crusher movable jaw plate; the multifunctional sorting machine has the advantages that the multifunctional sorting machine can replace manual sorting by cooperating with the plurality of guide plate groups, simplifies complex structures such as multiple conveying, feeding and screening of raw materials, and realizes multiple functions of one machine.
The equipment of the invention has simple structure and high automation degree; the coarse crushing and fine crushing are driven by one motor to operate under the combined action, so that the equipment investment cost is greatly reduced, the energy and the electricity are saved, and the production cost is favorably reduced. Moreover, due to the arrangement of the clay feed port, moist clay can be doped while finely crushing, and the moist clay is beneficial to reducing the dust emission of system equipment and can be directly mixed to prepare green brick raw materials; the method is favorable for comprehensive, efficient and centralized treatment and reutilization of resources; the dust pollution in the production process can be reduced to the maximum extent; almost has no residue, and has obvious energy-saving and environment-friendly effects.
In conclusion, the multifunctional crusher has multiple functions, and can automatically crush, separate and finely crush materials in an energy-saving manner; the structure is simple, the method is economical and practical, the automation degree is high, and the method is energy-saving and environment-friendly; the efficient, continuous and centralized blank making is facilitated; can be widely applied to the resource integration and reutilization of the construction waste for the reconstruction of old cities so as to prepare the novel energy-saving and environment-friendly type sintered brick raw material for buildings.
The above-mentioned embodiments are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, which are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and therefore, all equivalent changes made by the contents of the claims of the present invention should be included in the claims of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. The centralized continuous treatment equipment for the construction waste is provided with a vertical equipment shell (1), wherein a jaw crusher (2), a slag removing structure (3) and a high-fine crusher (4) which continuously and continuously feed materials by utilizing gravity are vertically arranged in the equipment shell (1) from top to bottom; wherein a crushing tooth plate (5) is arranged on the crushing working surface of the jaw crusher (2); the method is characterized in that: the bottom of a movable jaw plate (201) of the jaw crusher (2) is provided with a separation tooth plate (6) which follows the movable jaw plate (201) to reciprocate periodically and strips construction waste impurities towards the side of the equipment shell (1); the separation tooth plate is extruded and stripped to be matched with the separation tooth plate (6) for use, and a filter screen (7) is arranged below a feed opening (202) of the jaw crusher; the slag removing structure (3) comprises a separating tooth plate (6), a filter screen (7) and a sundry riding wheel (8); wherein the sundries riding wheel (8) is arranged below the feed opening (202) of the jaw crusher and at the transition position of the feed opening (401) of the high-fine crusher communicated with the feed opening (202) of the jaw crusher; and the other sides of the jaw crusher feed opening (202) and the high and fine crusher feed opening (401) are provided with impurity discharge outlets (301) which are inclined downwards; a clay feed inlet (9) which is combined with the feed inlet (401) of the high-fine crusher and is provided with wet clay is arranged beside the feed inlet; wherein the high-fine crusher (4) and the jaw crusher (2) are driven to operate by the same motor (10) respectively.
2. The construction waste centralized continuous treatment facility of claim 1, wherein: the tooth shapes of the crushing tooth plate (5) and the separating tooth plate (6) are triangular; the jaw plate (5) of the jaw crusher (2) is opposite to and can be meshed with the crushing tooth plate on the jaw plate.
3. The construction waste centralized continuous treatment facility of claim 2, characterized in that: the triangular teeth of the separation tooth plate (6) incline towards the discharging direction of the impurity discharging outlet (301).
4. The construction waste centralized continuous treatment facility according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that: the separation tooth plate (6) and the crushing tooth plate (5) can be detachably arranged on the jaw crusher (2).
5. The construction waste centralized continuous treatment facility of claim 1, wherein: the filter screen (7) is arranged between the separation tooth plate (6) and the sundries riding wheel (8); and the upper end surface of the filter screen (7) is arranged close to the lower edge of the tooth of the separation tooth plate (6).
6. The construction waste centralized continuous treatment facility of claim 1, wherein: a plurality of triangular teeth are uniformly distributed on the outer circumference of the wheel body of the sundries riding wheel (8), and the outer contour diameter of the sundries riding wheel (8) is matched with the caliber of the feeding port (401) of the high-fine crusher and can rotate freely.
7. The construction waste centralized continuous treatment facility of claim 1, wherein: the discharge port (202) of the jaw crusher is provided with a guide plate group I (2021) facing the side guide material where the movable jaw plate (201) which does periodic reciprocating motion is located; a sundry riding wheel (8) is arranged at the diversion tail end of the diversion plate group I (2021); a group of guide plate groups II (4011) which are obliquely arranged towards the left oblique lower side and a group of guide plate groups III (3011) which are obliquely arranged towards the right oblique lower side are respectively arranged at the lateral sides of the sundries supporting wheel (8); wherein the guide plate group II (4011) forms a feeding hole (401) of the high-fine crusher, and the guide plate group III (3011) forms an impurity discharging outlet (301); the clay feed port (9) comprises a guide plate group IV (901) arranged beside the feed port (401) of the high-fine crusher; and the clay feed port (9) and the high-fine crusher feed port (401) are combined into a feed material by the high-fine crusher (4) with the gravity facing downwards.
8. The construction waste centralized continuous treatment facility of claim 1, wherein: a power output shaft of the motor (10) is coaxially provided with a first belt wheel and a second belt wheel; the first belt wheel is connected with the high-fine crusher (4) through a transmission belt I (101) and drives the high-fine crusher (4) to operate; the second belt wheel is connected with a power input shaft of the speed reducer (11) through a transmission belt II (102), and drives the jaw crusher (2) to operate through belt transmission through a power output end of the speed reducer (11).
CN201811177160.8A 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 Centralized continuous treatment equipment for construction waste Active CN108906186B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811177160.8A CN108906186B (en) 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 Centralized continuous treatment equipment for construction waste

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811177160.8A CN108906186B (en) 2018-10-10 2018-10-10 Centralized continuous treatment equipment for construction waste

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CN108906186A CN108906186A (en) 2018-11-30
CN108906186B true CN108906186B (en) 2020-04-28

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CN112675949A (en) * 2020-12-07 2021-04-20 王子腾 Garbage classification screening installation for refuse treatment

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CN202224199U (en) * 2011-07-05 2012-05-23 北京电子科技职业学院 Bagged garbage breaking machine
CN202238130U (en) * 2011-10-17 2012-05-30 义乌市黑白矿山机械有限公司 Jaw crusher with hammer-impact function
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