CN108901670A - The cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum - Google Patents

The cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108901670A
CN108901670A CN201810637905.8A CN201810637905A CN108901670A CN 108901670 A CN108901670 A CN 108901670A CN 201810637905 A CN201810637905 A CN 201810637905A CN 108901670 A CN108901670 A CN 108901670A
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ganoderma
lucidum
passion fruit
ganoderma lucidum
bacterium bag
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CN201810637905.8A
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CN108901670B (en
Inventor
王灿琴
韦仕岩
吴圣进
覃晓娟
陈雪凤
吴小建
晨晓
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Guangxi Zhuang Nationality Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences
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广西壮族自治区农业科学院微生物研究所
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/05Fruit crops, e.g. strawberries, tomatoes or cucumbers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G18/00Cultivation of mushrooms
    • A01G18/20Culture media, e.g. compost
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates

Abstract

The invention discloses the cultural methods of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, include the following steps:(1) orchard management;(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag;(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 80%~90%, spray form water 1~3 time in ganoderma lucidum furrow face daily, while paying attention to draining, and excessively generates harm to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;It to be removed early during sesame for growing overstocked former base out, each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, and so as to nutrition concentrated supply, the ganoderma lucidum lid for growing it is big and thick, and it is best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevent from being coated in ganoderma lucidum fruitbody growth course by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.The present invention can not only screen the ganoderma lucidum for promoting to produce high-quality, also be promoted the yield of passion fruit, and the cultivation to passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum is explored provides theoretical foundation for the production of Aqueous Extract From Guangxi Ganoderma Lucidum.

Description

The cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to the cultivation fields of ganoderma lucidum, the in particular to cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum.
【Background technique】
Ganoderma lucidum is the general name of Basidiomycetes Polyporaceae Ganoderma red sesame and purple sesame, is a kind of precious dual-purpose of drug and food fungi. Ganoderma lucidum contains a variety of active ingredients such as polysaccharide, triterpenes, peptides, nucleosides, and body immunity can be improved, and inhibits tumour cell raw It is long, it may have the effects of anti-aging is anti-oxidant, liver protecting.In recent years, with the development of the social economy, people consume ganoderma lucidum Demand is increasing, and the deficiency of Wild ganoderma resource, increases the scale of cultivating ganoderma year by year.
Ganoderma lucidum growth period like shady and cool humidity, fertile soil, good permeability environment.And passion fruit is as the evergreen fruit of liana Tree, growing environment are just being suitble to ganoderma lucidum growth.Therefore, ganoderma lucidum can be met to greatest extent using passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum to grow Needs, improve land utilization ratio.
It is entitled application No. is 201010611931.7《A kind of ecological cultivation method of ganoderma lucidum》Chinese patent, Disclose the inoculation method that ganoderma lucidum is planted under passion fruit rattan, disadvantage:Using the cultivating ganoderma bacterium on wooden base in cultivation Silk, the tree species of wooden base have particular/special requirement, it is difficult to realize large-scale promote.
The type of Guangxi trees is abundant or mulberry tree main producing region, annual generate largely discard sawdust, it is ensured that cultivation of glossy ganoderma Raw material stablizes supply.Therefore, the cultural method that a kind of quality is stable, passion fruit interplants ganoderma lucidum is studied, there is large market Promotional value.
【Summary of the invention】
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of cultural methods of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, plant in orchard within first 1 year in advance Passion fruit forms good shading effect;Then ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag is planted under passion fruit rattan, promotes the growth of passion fruit.This Invention can not only screen the ganoderma lucidum for promoting to produce high-quality, also be promoted the yield of passion fruit, to exploration passion fruit set The cultivation of kind ganoderma lucidum, provides theoretical foundation for the production of Aqueous Extract From Guangxi Ganoderma Lucidum.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical scheme adopted by the invention is that:Passion fruit interplants the cultural method of ganoderma lucidum, including Following steps:
(1) orchard management:The specification that 1 year in advance in orchard is 1.5m according to spacing in the rows, line-spacing is 2.0m plants passion fruit, makes Passion fruit tendril climbing frame forms good shading effect;
Lateral bud is erased in time in passion fruit Seedling Stage, promoted main stem thickening to extend, when main stem grows to 20~30cm, adopted With flat roof type built, to guide main stem restocking;
Diameter is 6~8cm when built, and the bamboo of a height of 2m is fixed on the side of every passion fruit plant, each bamboo Strain between and in the ranks connected with No. 16 iron wires and be allowed to fixed;
(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:After the mycelia in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag covers with bacterium bag, selection is between 3~May by ganoderma lucidum Ground earthing under bacterium bag, first site preparation makees small furrow, the i.e. place on both sides apart from passion fruit tree 60cm on passion fruit garden before earthing, Digging depth is 10cm, width is 80cm and the long small rectangle to passion fruit furrow both sides, and gently spreads one layer of pulverized limestone on the whole So as to sterilizing pesticide;The plastic film for scratching ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag bottom half after sterilization and disinfestation 10d with pocket knife, cuts jag, will be clever Sesame bacterium bag is just stood in furrow, and 5 bacteria sticks are often drained into, and the gap 2cm is stayed in centre, and covering a layer thickness after putting well in bacteria stick is 3cm Loam, the diameter of control loam soil block is 0.5~2cm, until water spray keeps overburden layer drenched after earthing;It is fragrant to hundred after earthing Fruit tree ridging, makes native face be slightly above ganoderma lucidum furrow face, prevents ganoderma lucidum water spray excessive or rainy day passion fruit root ponding, influences passion fruit Normal growth;
(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 80%~90%, spraying in ganoderma lucidum furrow face daily Shape water 1~3 time, while paying attention to draining, harm is excessively generated to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;Out for growing overstocked during sesame Former base will remove early, and each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, so as to nutrition concentrated supply, grow it Ganoderma lucidum lid it is big and thick, it is best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevent ganoderma lucidum fruitbody raw It is coated in growth process by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.
In the present invention, as further explanation, ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag described in step (2) is prepared by the following method:By weight Number meter, by 40~50 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 10~20 parts of ramulus mori bits, 10~20 parts of cotton seed hulls, 5~15 parts of wheat bran, 1 part of peroxophosphoric acid Calcium, 1 part of gypsum, 0.1~0.2 part of fermentation at elevated temperatures agent after raw material dries, are uniformly mixed, spray warm water, make the water content of material 60%~65%, adjusting pH value is 8.0, obtains compost, and it is 230mm × 450mm, thickness that compost, which is then packed into length × width, For the bacterium bag of 0.025mm, make the dry weight 1kg of every bag of compost, finally according to a conventional method when luggage bag, sterilizing, inoculation and bacterium Silk culture.
In the present invention, as further explanation, orchard topography described in step (1) is smooth, contaminates source, irrigation and drainage side far from overflowing Just, and the soil is porous, gas permeability and good water-retaining property.
In the present invention, as further explanation, the planting season of passion fruit described in step (1) is 3 annual~May Part.
In the present invention, as further explanation, Ganoderma Sinense or red ganoderma lucidum are cultivated in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag described in step (2).
In the present invention, as further explanation, the earthing time of the Ganoderma Sinense is 3~April.
In the present invention, as further explanation, the earthing time of the red ganoderma lucidum is 4~May.
The invention has the advantages that:
The present invention makes shading effect of the ganoderma lucidum under passion fruit rattan using the technological means for interplanting ganoderma lucidum under passion fruit rattan Good, air flows slow environment, can be realized ecology growth;And the niacin secreted in passion fruit can promote Ganoderma Lucidum For the absorption of nutrient in body, accelerate the growth of ganoderma lucidum, improves the yield of ganoderma lucidum.Compost simultaneously after ganoderma lucidum fruiting is rotten It is rotten in the ground at good organic fertilizer, increase the organic matter of soil, promote the growth of passion fruit, the two brings out the best in each other.
【Specific embodiment】
Embodiment 1:
1, early-stage preparations
The preparation of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:According to parts by weight, by 40 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 10 parts of ramulus mori bits, 10 parts of cotton seed hulls, 5 portions of wheats Bran, 1 part of calcium superphosphate, 1 part of gypsum, 0.1 part of fermentation at elevated temperatures agent after raw material dries, are uniformly mixed, spray warm water, make material Water content is 60%, and adjusting pH value is 8.0, obtains compost, and it is 230mm × 450mm, thickness that compost, which is then packed into length × width, Degree is the bacterium bag of 0.025mm, makes the dry weight 1kg of every bag of compost, finally according to a conventional method when luggage bag, sterilizing, inoculation and Cultural hypha.
Above-mentioned prepared substance is used in following cultural methods.
2, the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, includes the following steps:
(1) orchard management:The specification that 1 year in advance in orchard is 1.5m according to spacing in the rows, line-spacing is 2.0m plants passion fruit, makes Passion fruit tendril climbing frame forms good shading effect;The orchard topography is smooth, convenient far from overflowing dye source, irrigation and drainage, and soil Matter is loose, gas permeability and good water-retaining property;The planting season of the passion fruit is annual March;
Lateral bud is erased in time in passion fruit Seedling Stage, main stem thickening is promoted to extend, when main stem grows to 20cm, using flat Top formula built, to guide main stem restocking;
It with diameter is 6cm when built, the bamboo of a height of 2m is fixed on the side of every passion fruit plant, the strain of each bamboo Between and in the ranks connected with No. 16 iron wires and be allowed to fixed;
(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:Ganoderma Sinense is cultivated in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag, after the mycelia of Ganoderma Sinense covers with bacterium bag, selection In by under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag earthing in March;First site preparation makees small furrow on passion fruit garden before earthing, i.e., on both sides apart from passion fruit The place of 60cm is set, digging depth is 10cm, width is 80cm and is grown to the small rectangle on passion fruit furrow both sides, and on the whole gently One layer of pulverized limestone is spread so as to sterilizing pesticide;The plastic film for scratching ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag bottom half after sterilization and disinfestation 10d with pocket knife, cuts Fall jag, ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag is upright in furrow, often draining into 5 bacteria sticks, and centre stays the gap 2cm, covers one after putting well in bacteria stick Layer is with a thickness of the loam of 3cm, and the diameter of control loam soil block is 0.5cm, until water spray keeps overburden layer drenched after earthing;Earthing It earths up afterwards to passion fruit tree, native face is made to be slightly above ganoderma lucidum furrow face, prevent ganoderma lucidum water spray excessive or rainy day passion fruit root ponding, shadow Ring the normal growth of passion fruit;
(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 80%, daily the spray form water 1 in ganoderma lucidum furrow face It is secondary, while paying attention to draining, harm is excessively generated to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;Out during sesame for grow overstocked former base want and Early removing, each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, so as to nutrition concentrated supply, the ganoderma lucidum lid that grows it It is big and thick, it is best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevented in ganoderma lucidum fruitbody growth course It is coated with by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.
Embodiment 2:
1, early-stage preparations
The preparation of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:According to parts by weight, by 42 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 15 parts of ramulus mori bits, 13 parts of cotton seed hulls, 10 portions of wheats Bran, 1 part of calcium superphosphate, 1 part of gypsum, 0.14 part of fermentation at elevated temperatures agent after raw material dries, are uniformly mixed, spray warm water, make material Water content is 61%, and adjusting pH value is 8.0, obtains compost, and it is 230mm × 450mm, thickness that compost, which is then packed into length × width, Degree is the bacterium bag of 0.025mm, makes the dry weight 1kg of every bag of compost, finally according to a conventional method when luggage bag, sterilizing, inoculation and Cultural hypha.
Above-mentioned prepared substance is used in following cultural methods.
2, the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, includes the following steps:
(1) orchard management:The specification that 1 year in advance in orchard is 1.5m according to spacing in the rows, line-spacing is 2.0m plants passion fruit, makes Passion fruit tendril climbing frame forms good shading effect;The orchard topography is smooth, convenient far from overflowing dye source, irrigation and drainage, and soil Matter is loose, gas permeability and good water-retaining property;The planting season of the passion fruit is annual April;
Lateral bud is erased in time in passion fruit Seedling Stage, main stem thickening is promoted to extend, when main stem grows to 25cm, using flat Top formula built, to guide main stem restocking;
It with diameter is 7cm when built, the bamboo of a height of 2m is fixed on the side of every passion fruit plant, the strain of each bamboo Between and in the ranks connected with No. 16 iron wires and be allowed to fixed;
(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:Ganoderma Sinense is cultivated in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag, after the mycelia of Ganoderma Sinense covers with bacterium bag, selection In the middle ten days in March by under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag earthing;First site preparation makees small furrow on passion fruit garden before earthing, i.e., in the equal distance hundred in both sides The place of Emmenopterys henryi 60cm, digging depth is 10cm, width is 80cm and is grown to the small rectangle on passion fruit furrow both sides, and on the whole Spread one layer of pulverized limestone gently so as to sterilizing pesticide;The plastics book of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag bottom half is scratched after sterilization and disinfestation 10d with pocket knife Film cuts jag, and ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag is upright in furrow, often draining into 5 bacteria sticks, and the gap 2cm is stayed in centre, after putting well in bacteria stick The loam that a layer thickness is 3cm is covered, the diameter of control loam soil block is 0.8cm, until water spray keeps overburden layer drenched after earthing; It earths up after earthing to passion fruit tree, native face is made to be slightly above ganoderma lucidum furrow face, prevent ganoderma lucidum water spray excessive or rainy day passion fruit root product Water influences the normal growth of passion fruit;
(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 86%, daily the spray form water 2 in ganoderma lucidum furrow face It is secondary, while paying attention to draining, harm is excessively generated to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;Out during sesame for grow overstocked former base want and Early removing, each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, so as to nutrition concentrated supply, the ganoderma lucidum lid that grows it It is big and thick, it is best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevented in ganoderma lucidum fruitbody growth course It is coated with by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.
Embodiment 3:
1, early-stage preparations
The preparation of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:According to parts by weight, by 47 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 12 parts of ramulus mori bits, 16 parts of cotton seed hulls, 9 portions of wheats Bran, 1 part of calcium superphosphate, 1 part of gypsum, 0.17 part of fermentation at elevated temperatures agent after raw material dries, are uniformly mixed, spray warm water, make material Water content is 63%, and adjusting pH value is 8.0, obtains compost, and it is 230mm × 450mm, thickness that compost, which is then packed into length × width, Degree is the bacterium bag of 0.025mm, makes the dry weight 1kg of every bag of compost, finally according to a conventional method when luggage bag, sterilizing, inoculation and Cultural hypha.
Above-mentioned prepared substance is used in following cultural methods.
2, the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, includes the following steps:
(1) orchard management:The specification that 1 year in advance in orchard is 1.5m according to spacing in the rows, line-spacing is 2.0m plants passion fruit, makes Passion fruit tendril climbing frame forms good shading effect;The orchard topography is smooth, convenient far from overflowing dye source, irrigation and drainage, and soil Matter is loose, gas permeability and good water-retaining property;The planting season of the passion fruit is annual May;
Lateral bud is erased in time in passion fruit Seedling Stage, main stem thickening is promoted to extend, when main stem grows to 22cm, using flat Top formula built, to guide main stem restocking;
It with diameter is 6.5cm when built, the bamboo of a height of 2m is fixed on the side of every passion fruit plant, each bamboo It is in the ranks connected between strain and with No. 16 iron wires and is allowed to fixed;
(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:Ganoderma Sinense is cultivated in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag, after the mycelia of Ganoderma Sinense covers with bacterium bag, selection In by under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag earthing in April;First site preparation makees small furrow on passion fruit garden before earthing, i.e., on both sides apart from passion fruit The place of 60cm is set, digging depth is 10cm, width is 80cm and is grown to the small rectangle on passion fruit furrow both sides, and on the whole gently One layer of pulverized limestone is spread so as to sterilizing pesticide;The plastic film for scratching ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag bottom half after sterilization and disinfestation 10d with pocket knife, cuts Fall jag, ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag is upright in furrow, often draining into 5 bacteria sticks, and centre stays the gap 2cm, covers one after putting well in bacteria stick Layer is with a thickness of the loam of 3cm, and the diameter of control loam soil block is 0.1cm, until water spray keeps overburden layer drenched after earthing;Earthing It earths up afterwards to passion fruit tree, native face is made to be slightly above ganoderma lucidum furrow face, prevent ganoderma lucidum water spray excessive or rainy day passion fruit root ponding, shadow Ring the normal growth of passion fruit;
(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 86%, daily the spray form water 3 in ganoderma lucidum furrow face It is secondary, while paying attention to draining, harm is excessively generated to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;Out during sesame for grow overstocked former base want and Early removing, each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, so as to nutrition concentrated supply, the ganoderma lucidum lid that grows it It is big and thick, it is best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevented in ganoderma lucidum fruitbody growth course It is coated with by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.
Embodiment 4:
1, early-stage preparations
The preparation of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:According to parts by weight, by 48 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 15 parts of ramulus mori bits, 14 parts of cotton seed hulls, 7 portions of wheats Bran, 1 part of calcium superphosphate, 1 part of gypsum, 0.16 part of fermentation at elevated temperatures agent after raw material dries, are uniformly mixed, spray warm water, make material Water content is 62%, and adjusting pH value is 8.0, obtains compost, and it is 230mm × 450mm, thickness that compost, which is then packed into length × width, Degree is the bacterium bag of 0.025mm, makes the dry weight 1kg of every bag of compost, finally according to a conventional method when luggage bag, sterilizing, inoculation and Cultural hypha.
Above-mentioned prepared substance is used in following cultural methods.
2, the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, includes the following steps:
(1) orchard management:The specification that 1 year in advance in orchard is 1.5m according to spacing in the rows, line-spacing is 2.0m plants passion fruit, makes Passion fruit tendril climbing frame forms good shading effect;The orchard topography is smooth, convenient far from overflowing dye source, irrigation and drainage, and soil Matter is loose, gas permeability and good water-retaining property;The planting season of the passion fruit is annual May;
Lateral bud is erased in time in passion fruit Seedling Stage, main stem thickening is promoted to extend, when main stem grows to 26cm, using flat Top formula built, to guide main stem restocking;
It with diameter is 7.5cm when built, the bamboo of a height of 2m is fixed on the side of every passion fruit plant, each bamboo It is in the ranks connected between strain and with No. 16 iron wires and is allowed to fixed;
(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:Red ganoderma lucidum is cultivated in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag, after the mycelia of red ganoderma lucidum covers with bacterium bag, selection In by under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag earthing in April;First site preparation makees small furrow on passion fruit garden before earthing, i.e., on both sides apart from passion fruit The place of 60cm is set, digging depth is 10cm, width is 80cm and is grown to the small rectangle on passion fruit furrow both sides, and on the whole gently One layer of pulverized limestone is spread so as to sterilizing pesticide;The plastic film for scratching ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag bottom half after sterilization and disinfestation 10d with pocket knife, cuts Fall jag, ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag is upright in furrow, often draining into 5 bacteria sticks, and centre stays the gap 2cm, covers one after putting well in bacteria stick Layer is with a thickness of the loam of 3cm, and the diameter of control loam soil block is 1.5cm, until water spray keeps overburden layer drenched after earthing;Earthing It earths up afterwards to passion fruit tree, native face is made to be slightly above ganoderma lucidum furrow face, prevent ganoderma lucidum water spray excessive or rainy day passion fruit root ponding, shadow Ring the normal growth of passion fruit;
(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 87%, daily the spray form water 2 in ganoderma lucidum furrow face It is secondary, while paying attention to draining, harm is excessively generated to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;Out during sesame for grow overstocked former base want and Early removing, each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, so as to nutrition concentrated supply, the ganoderma lucidum lid that grows it It is big and thick, it is best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevented in ganoderma lucidum fruitbody growth course It is coated with by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.
Test 5:
1, early-stage preparations
The preparation of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:According to parts by weight, by 48 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 12 parts of ramulus mori bits, 17 parts of cotton seed hulls, 12 portions of wheats Bran, 1 part of calcium superphosphate, 1 part of gypsum, 0.15 part of fermentation at elevated temperatures agent after raw material dries, are uniformly mixed, spray warm water, make material Water content is 63%, and adjusting pH value is 8.0, obtains compost, and it is 230mm × 450mm, thickness that compost, which is then packed into length × width, Degree is the bacterium bag of 0.025mm, makes the dry weight 1kg of every bag of compost, finally according to a conventional method when luggage bag, sterilizing, inoculation and Cultural hypha.
Above-mentioned prepared substance is used in following cultural methods.
2, the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, includes the following steps:
(1) orchard management:The specification that 1 year in advance in orchard is 1.5m according to spacing in the rows, line-spacing is 2.0m plants passion fruit, makes Passion fruit tendril climbing frame forms good shading effect;The orchard topography is smooth, convenient far from overflowing dye source, irrigation and drainage, and soil Matter is loose, gas permeability and good water-retaining property;The planting season of the passion fruit is annual April;
Lateral bud is erased in time in passion fruit Seedling Stage, main stem thickening is promoted to extend, when main stem grows to 24cm, using flat Top formula built, to guide main stem restocking;
It with diameter is 7.5cm when built, the bamboo of a height of 2m is fixed on the side of every passion fruit plant, each bamboo It is in the ranks connected between strain and with No. 16 iron wires and is allowed to fixed;
(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:Red ganoderma lucidum is cultivated in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag, after the mycelia of red ganoderma lucidum covers with bacterium bag, selection In the middle ten days in April by under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag earthing;First site preparation makees small furrow on passion fruit garden before earthing, i.e., in the equal distance hundred in both sides The place of Emmenopterys henryi 60cm, digging depth is 10cm, width is 80cm and is grown to the small rectangle on passion fruit furrow both sides, and on the whole Spread one layer of pulverized limestone gently so as to sterilizing pesticide;The plastics book of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag bottom half is scratched after sterilization and disinfestation 10d with pocket knife Film cuts jag, and ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag is upright in furrow, often draining into 5 bacteria sticks, and the gap 2cm is stayed in centre, after putting well in bacteria stick The loam that a layer thickness is 3cm is covered, the diameter of control loam soil block is 1.6cm, until water spray keeps overburden layer drenched after earthing; It earths up after earthing to passion fruit tree, native face is made to be slightly above ganoderma lucidum furrow face, prevent ganoderma lucidum water spray excessive or rainy day passion fruit root product Water influences the normal growth of passion fruit;
(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 88%, daily the spray form water 3 in ganoderma lucidum furrow face It is secondary, while paying attention to draining, harm is excessively generated to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;Out during sesame for grow overstocked former base want and Early removing, each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, so as to nutrition concentrated supply, the ganoderma lucidum lid that grows it It is big and thick, it is best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevented in ganoderma lucidum fruitbody growth course It is coated with by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.
Embodiment 6:
1, early-stage preparations
The preparation of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:According to parts by weight, by 50 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 20 parts of ramulus mori bits, 20 parts of cotton seed hulls, 15 portions of wheats Bran, 1 part of calcium superphosphate, 1 part of gypsum, 0.2 part of fermentation at elevated temperatures agent after raw material dries, are uniformly mixed, spray warm water, make material Water content is 65%, and adjusting pH value is 8.0, obtains compost, and it is 230mm × 450mm, thickness that compost, which is then packed into length × width, Degree is the bacterium bag of 0.025mm, makes the dry weight 1kg of every bag of compost, finally according to a conventional method when luggage bag, sterilizing, inoculation and Cultural hypha.
Above-mentioned prepared substance is used in following cultural methods.
2, the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, includes the following steps:
(1) orchard management:The specification that 1 year in advance in orchard is 1.5m according to spacing in the rows, line-spacing is 2.0m plants passion fruit, makes Passion fruit tendril climbing frame forms good shading effect;The orchard topography is smooth, convenient far from overflowing dye source, irrigation and drainage, and soil Matter is loose, gas permeability and good water-retaining property;The planting season of the passion fruit is annual May;
Lateral bud is erased in time in passion fruit Seedling Stage, main stem thickening is promoted to extend, when main stem grows to 30cm, using flat Top formula built, to guide main stem restocking;
It with diameter is 8cm when built, the bamboo of a height of 2m is fixed on the side of every passion fruit plant, the strain of each bamboo Between and in the ranks connected with No. 16 iron wires and be allowed to fixed;
(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:Red ganoderma lucidum is cultivated in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag, after the mycelia of red ganoderma lucidum covers with bacterium bag, selection By under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag the earthing between May;First site preparation makees small furrow on passion fruit garden before earthing, i.e., in the equal distance hundred in both sides The place of Emmenopterys henryi 60cm, digging depth is 10cm, width is 80cm and is grown to the small rectangle on passion fruit furrow both sides, and on the whole Spread one layer of pulverized limestone gently so as to sterilizing pesticide;The plastics book of ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag bottom half is scratched after sterilization and disinfestation 10d with pocket knife Film cuts jag, and ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag is upright in furrow, often draining into 5 bacteria sticks, and the gap 2cm is stayed in centre, after putting well in bacteria stick The loam that a layer thickness is 3cm is covered, the diameter of control loam soil block is 2cm, until water spray keeps overburden layer drenched after earthing;It covers It earths up after soil to passion fruit tree, native face is made to be slightly above ganoderma lucidum furrow face, prevent ganoderma lucidum water spray excessive or rainy day passion fruit root ponding, Influence the normal growth of passion fruit;
(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 90%, daily the spray form water 3 in ganoderma lucidum furrow face It is secondary, while paying attention to draining, harm is excessively generated to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;Out during sesame for grow overstocked former base want and Early removing, each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, so as to nutrition concentrated supply, the ganoderma lucidum lid that grows it It is big and thick, it is best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevented in ganoderma lucidum fruitbody growth course It is coated with by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.
Test 1:
Cultivation of glossy ganoderma test:The red ganoderma lucidum of each cultivation and Ganoderma Sinense 65d are cultivated according to the method for embodiment 1, while according to reality The specification for applying example 1 cultivates merely red ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma Sinense in greenhouse, with the red ganoderma lucidum of greenhouse cultivation and the Ganoderma Sinense of greenhouse cultivation Respectively comparative example 1 and comparative example 2, record thick the cap size of ganoderma lucidum, cap thickness, stem length, stem, average product and Biological efficiency, record the results are shown in Table 1.
Strains tested is red ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma Sinense, by Institute of Micro-biology of Guangxi Autonomous Region Academy of Agricultural Sciences the Breeding of Edible Mushroom Research department, which saves, to be provided.
Table 1:
As shown in Table 1:Using the red ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma Sinense of passion fruit interplanting no matter in cap size, cap thickness, stem Length, stem be thick, on average product and biological efficiency, and data are superior to red ganoderma lucidum and the number of Ganoderma Sinense of greenhouse cultivation According to illustrating to interplant ganoderma lucidum in passion fruit garden, can achieve the effect for improving red ganoderma lucidum and Ganoderma Sinense quality.
Test 2:
Passion fruit yield trials:10 mu of passion fruits are respectively planted according to the method for embodiment 1-6, with the hundred of no interplanting ganoderma lucidum Fragrant fruit is comparative example, and the annual yield of record passion fruit all the results are shown in Table 1.
Table 2:
Yield/mu
Comparative example 1000kg
Embodiment 1 1126kg
Embodiment 2 1173kg
Embodiment 3 1132kg
Embodiment 4 1118kg
Embodiment 5 1134kg
Embodiment 6 1155kg
Table 2 the result shows that:The yield of passion fruit is higher, illustrates that the implantation methods are more effective, planting technology is better.Comparison The yield of example is minimum, the yield highest of embodiment 2, the method for illustrating to use interplanting ganoderma lucidum through the invention, the production of passion fruit For amount does not interplant the passion fruit of ganoderma lucidum, yield has the promotion of different amplitudes, further illustrates that interplanting ganoderma lucidum not only will not The yield for reducing passion fruit, can also promote the growth of passion fruit, improve the yield of passion fruit.
Above description is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair Bright patent claim, it is all the present invention suggested by technical spirit under completed same changes or modifications change, should all belong to In the covered the scope of the patents of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum, it is characterised in that:Include the following steps:
(1) orchard management:The specification that 1 year in advance in orchard is 1.5m according to spacing in the rows, line-spacing is 2.0m plants passion fruit, makes hundred perfume Fruit tendril climbing frame forms good shading effect;
Lateral bud is erased in time in passion fruit Seedling Stage, main stem thickening is promoted to extend, when main stem grows to 20~30cm, using flat Top formula built, to guide main stem restocking;
Diameter is 6~8cm when built, and the bamboo of a height of 2m is fixed on the side of every passion fruit plant, the strain of each bamboo Between and in the ranks connected with No. 16 iron wires and be allowed to fixed;
(2) under ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag:After the mycelia in ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag covers with bacterium bag, selection is between 3~May by ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag Lower ground earthing, first site preparation makees small furrow, the i.e. place on both sides apart from passion fruit tree 60cm on passion fruit garden before earthing, digs deep Degree be 10cm, width be 80cm and grow to passion fruit furrow both sides small rectangle, and gently spread on the whole one layer of pulverized limestone so as to Sterilizing pesticide;The plastic film for scratching ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag bottom half after sterilization and disinfestation 10d with pocket knife, cuts jag, by Ganoderma Lucidum Packet is just stood in furrow, often drains into 5 bacteria sticks, and the gap 2cm is stayed in centre, covers the fertilizer that a layer thickness is 3cm after putting well in bacteria stick Soil, the diameter of control loam soil block is 0.5~2cm, until water spray keeps overburden layer drenched after earthing;Passion fruit tree is given after earthing Ridging, makes native face be slightly above ganoderma lucidum furrow face, prevents ganoderma lucidum water spray excessive or rainy day passion fruit root ponding, is influencing passion fruit just It is frequently grown;
(3) field management:Ganoderma lucidum keeps air humidity during going out sesame be 80%~90%, daily the spray form water in ganoderma lucidum furrow face 1~3 time, while paying attention to draining, harm is excessively generated to passion fruit tree with anti-spraying;Out for growing overstocked former base during sesame It to remove early, each ganoderma lucidum bacterium bag only stays 1 to grow most sturdy former base, so as to nutrition concentrated supply, the spirit that grows it Sesame lid is big and thick, best in quality, while avoiding the appearance of disjunctor sesame;Weeds are removed in time, prevent ganoderma lucidum fruitbody from growing It is coated in journey by weeds, other management of producing mushroom carry out according to a conventional method.
2. the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Spirit described in step (2) Sesame bacterium bag is prepared by the following method:According to parts by weight, by 40~50 parts of weed tree sawdusts, 10~20 portions of ramulus mori bits, 10~20 portions of cottons Seed shell, 5~15 parts of wheat bran, 1 part of calcium superphosphate, 1 part of gypsum, 0.1~0.2 part of fermentation at elevated temperatures agent, after raw material dries, mixing is equal It is even, warm water is sprayed, the water content 60%~65% of material is made, adjusting pH value is 8.0, compost is obtained, then by compost Loading length × width is 230mm × 450mm, the bacterium bag with a thickness of 0.025mm, makes the dry weight 1kg of every bag of compost, finally presses Luggage bag, sterilizing, inoculation and cultural hypha when conventional method.
3. the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Fruit described in step (1) Field gesture is smooth, convenient far from overflowing dye source, irrigation and drainage, and the soil is porous, gas permeability and good water-retaining property.
4. the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Hundred described in step (1) The planting season of fragrant fruit is 3 annual~May.
5. the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Spirit described in step (2) Ganoderma Sinense or red ganoderma lucidum are cultivated in sesame bacterium bag.
6. the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The Ganoderma Sinense covers The native time is 3~April.
7. the cultural method of passion fruit interplanting ganoderma lucidum according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The red ganoderma lucidum is covered The native time is 4~May.
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