CN108896868A - One kind is monitored on-line with formula and realizes system and method - Google Patents

One kind is monitored on-line with formula and realizes system and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108896868A
CN108896868A CN201810643914.8A CN201810643914A CN108896868A CN 108896868 A CN108896868 A CN 108896868A CN 201810643914 A CN201810643914 A CN 201810643914A CN 108896868 A CN108896868 A CN 108896868A
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China
Prior art keywords
data
line monitoring
monitoring node
module
node
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CN201810643914.8A
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CN108896868B (en
Inventor
杨晓杰
何兴平
李锐
陈宏�
杨成亮
朱赟
徐文霞
夏海飞
吴海霞
王国辉
唐良富
李朝津
戴思源
杨秀凡
陈凤涛
鲍立香
许星杰
杨奎
敬炳侠
王坤
余波江
张世现
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Zhaotong Power Supply Bureau of Yunnan Power Grid Co Ltd
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Zhaotong Power Supply Bureau of Yunnan Power Grid Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01RMEASURING ELECTRIC VARIABLES; MEASURING MAGNETIC VARIABLES
    • G01R31/00Arrangements for testing electric properties; Arrangements for locating electric faults; Arrangements for electrical testing characterised by what is being tested not provided for elsewhere
    • G01R31/08Locating faults in cables, transmission lines, or networks
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01DMEASURING NOT SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR A SPECIFIC VARIABLE; ARRANGEMENTS FOR MEASURING TWO OR MORE VARIABLES NOT COVERED IN A SINGLE OTHER SUBCLASS; TARIFF METERING APPARATUS; MEASURING OR TESTING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G01D1/00Measuring arrangements giving results other than momentary value of variable, of general application
    • G01D1/02Measuring arrangements giving results other than momentary value of variable, of general application giving mean values, e.g. root means square values
    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05BCONTROL OR REGULATING SYSTEMS IN GENERAL; FUNCTIONAL ELEMENTS OF SUCH SYSTEMS; MONITORING OR TESTING ARRANGEMENTS FOR SUCH SYSTEMS OR ELEMENTS
    • G05B19/00Programme-control systems
    • G05B19/02Programme-control systems electric
    • G05B19/04Programme control other than numerical control, i.e. in sequence controllers or logic controllers
    • G05B19/048Monitoring; Safety
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04WWIRELESS COMMUNICATION NETWORKS
    • H04W84/00Network topologies
    • H04W84/18Self-organising networks, e.g. ad-hoc networks or sensor networks

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of monitored on-line with formula and realizes system and method, including online monitoring node, wireless telecommunications gateway and control software systems;Control software systems are used to be attached safety verification, including acquisition parameter secret key and instruction secret key using dynamic encrypting method to each on-line monitoring node by the wireless telecommunications gateway, improve the safety of data communication.Monitoring node on-line includes collector, data conversion module, preposition caching, processor, communication caching, wireless transport module, battery system and reset circuit.Advantage is:Real-time monitoring can be carried out to substation, for the health status of power equipment in radio area, realize the plug and play of on-line monitoring;By fast construction information collecting device at the scene, the remote real-time monitoring of power equipment is realized, improve running efficiency of system, reduce manpower and material resources, save cost, have many advantages, such as to arrange that speed is fast, system group network is flexible, low cost, low-power consumption, scalability are strong.

Description

One kind is monitored on-line with formula and realizes system and method
Technical field
The invention belongs to equipment on-line monitoring technical fields, and in particular to one kind monitors realization system and side on-line with formula Method.
Background technique
Electric system is very important as relationship economy, the basic industry of the people's livelihood, safe operation, wherein electric power The safe operation problem of equipment itself is to influence an importance of safe and stable operation of power system.For a long time, electric power The operation and maintenance of the important power equipments such as the interior transformer in substation of system are mainly tieed up using correction maintenance, prevention type Repair with the modes such as scheduled overhaul, still, all there is some inevitable drawbacks for these maintenance modes.
For the normal operation for guaranteeing power equipment in substation, occur Transformer Substation Online Monitoring System in the prior art, it is main The mode to be used for:On-line monitoring node, on-line monitoring node and interior network of standing are pre-installed in important power equipment position in station Wired connection, to realize the monitoring to power equipment health status.However, this kind of mode is primarily present following problems:(1) by In for wire communication mode, therefore, when installation and deployment monitor node on-line, need to have a power failure installation, to influence other online The normal operation of monitoring node reduces monitoring effect;(2) on-line monitoring inserting knot process is complicated, can not carry out rapid deployment The on-line monitoring node of polymorphic type;(3) on-line monitoring node monitoring parameters type is more single, and station equipment suspected malfunctions are believed Breath acquisition is limited, and analysis means are more single, are unfavorable for the analysis and processing of failure.
It can be seen that electricity, emergency prison are protected in traditional Transformer Substation Online Monitoring System, tour daily for substation, maintenance It surveys, when suspected malfunctions investigation, is unable to satisfy monitoring needs;It can not achieve the status monitoring of long-time, automation, it is unfavorable In the risk that the accident of reduction occurs and raising working efficiency.
Summary of the invention
In view of the defects existing in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of monitored on-line with formula and realizes system and method, can Effectively solve the above problems.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
The present invention provide it is a kind of i.e. with formula on-line monitoring realization system, including online monitoring node, wireless telecommunications gateway and Control software systems;
The on-line monitoring node includes the on-line monitoring node of a variety of individual data acquisition types, and dispersed placement is in being supervised Measuring point;The on-line monitoring node is the on-line monitoring node both filled both, and each on-line monitoring node has independent data Acquisition, data analysis and communication function;
The wireless telecommunications gateway realizes the monitoring of electric power wireless networking using TG-Inwicos communication networking technology, realizes more The access of frequency range, multiaddress on-line monitoring node;
The control software systems are used for through the wireless telecommunications gateway to each on-line monitoring node using dynamic State encryption method is attached safety verification, after being verified, effectively connect, realizes with on-line monitoring node foundation The instant access of line monitoring node;Then, the control software systems configure the running parameter of each on-line monitoring node, The acquisition data that each on-line monitoring node uploads are received, and the acquisition data are analyzed, data displaying sum number According to monitoring early warning.
Preferably, the on-line monitoring node includes collector, data conversion module, preposition caching, processor, communicates and delay It deposits, wireless transport module, battery system and reset circuit;The collector is transferred to institute for acquiring raw monitored signal State data conversion module;The data conversion module is used to carry out signal condition and data conversion to the raw monitored signal Afterwards, it is sampled further according to pre-set sampling rate, by monitoring signals after sampling, storehouse is stored in the preposition caching in sequence; The processor is used for the sampling rate issued according to the control software systems, reads data from the preposition caching, carries out Calculation process and encryption, and encrypted data is stored in the communication and is cached;The wireless transport module is for calculating letter Data in the communication caching are sent to the channel radio according to suitable communication speed by road occupancy situation and signal strength Interrogate gateway.
Preferably, the collector includes following kind of collector:Voltage collector, current collector, power quality Collector, temperature sampler, humidity collector, pernicious gas collector, Noise Acquisition device, infrared collecting device, EUV collector With ice covering thickness collector.
Preferably, the wireless telecommunications gateway improves communication data transmission reliability using forward error correction coding technology;Institute Wireless telecommunications gateway is stated to be communicated by Ethernet, USB, WiFi mode and the control software systems.
Preferably, the control software systems show for realizing software systems configuration, data, data are analyzed, data prison Depending on early warning and data management function;The control software systems include:System configuration subsystem, acquisition subsystem, monitoring configuration Subsystem, Monitor And Control Subsystem and management subsystem;
The system configuration subsystem includes system configuration module, association setup module and data management module;
The system configuration module, for configure it is each on-line monitoring node underlying parameter, including:Monitor point in region Division, substation's attribute, the geographical location for monitoring node on-line and the on-line monitoring affiliated substation of node;
The association setup module, for define the control analog acquisition passage of software, switch acquisition channel with The incidence relation of line monitoring node;
The data management module installs report, importing and standby system configuration data for generating system configuration, and Arrangement to on-line monitoring node acquisition data;
The acquisition subsystem saves sum number for realizing the data acquisition to on-line monitoring node, data analysis, data According to browsing function;The acquisition subsystem includes that port and on-line monitoring node acquisition module, on-line monitoring node data are slow Rush area, data analysis module, upper layer communication module, local data base and operation maintenance personnel interface module;
The port and on-line monitoring node acquisition module, for being carried out simultaneously using multithreading to multiple ports Hair access is completed to acquire the quick taking turn of on-line monitoring node;
The on-line monitoring node data buffer area, the real time data uploaded in real time for saving online monitoring node are protected Demonstrate,prove the real-time of browsing data and reporting rapidly for alarm;
The data analysis module carries out analysis for the operating status to control software systems and to each online prison The state for surveying node is analyzed, and then guarantees that system is run steadily in the long term;
The upper layer communication module, for accessing entire monitoring system by TCP/IP;By alarm data, delta data, Statistical data and real time data send Monitor And Control Subsystem or local data base to;The order of Monitor And Control Subsystem is logical by the upper layer Module transfer is interrogated to the acquisition subsystem;
The local data base, port that acquisition subsystem is configured, on-line monitoring node, acquisition channel all save In different data table in the local database;Local data base needs to save the data of certain time according to configuration, when preservation Between other than data be automatically deleted and safeguard data form;
The operation maintenance personnel interface module, for providing the real-time query interface and historical query interface of monitoring data, with And the data of any acquisition channel are provided, the acquisition information of on-line monitoring node, including times of collection and acquisition failure time are provided Number;
The monitoring configuration subsystem, for the visualized graphs monitoring interface for system configuration level, including monitoring The configuration module of the configuration module of element, the configuration module of interface element and topological structure;
The configuration module of the monitoring element, for realizing the configuration that region, office stand, the configuration of logical groups, equipment is matched The configuration with parameter is set, wherein parameter uses component Configuration, including humidity, temperature, SF6, the position of the switch, thus generates monitoring The monitoring level of system;
The configuration module of the interface element is specific to wrap for providing the application system interface of picture and text element arrangements close friend It includes:The configuration of text, the configuration of lines, the configuration of picture, the configuration of three-dimensional line, panel and group box;
The configuration module of the topological structure, for realizing the configuration of system topology;
The Monitor And Control Subsystem, for figure, list, text, emulation control diversified forms by the fortune of monitored device Row parameter is presented in face of operation maintenance personnel;And then make the operation conditions of monitoring system operation maintenance personnel real-time watch device, it mentions in time The alarm for showing equipment, is promptly remotely controlled equipment;Monitor And Control Subsystem also have efficiently browsing mode, alarm it is default, Line alarm, information record playback system function;The Monitor And Control Subsystem includes monitoring interface module, control EM equipment module, operation EM equipment module, on-line tuning device parameter module and warning processing module;
The monitoring interface module, for providing the parameter fortune of operation maintenance personnel browsing apparatus in real time with multiple display modes Market condition facilitates operation maintenance personnel to understand the operation conditions of monitoring device on the whole;When the icon of center monitored space is clicked, Into monitoring of tools area;In monitoring of tools area, the data that online monitoring node is sent back in real time, and forming curves figure are shown; The on-line monitoring section shown with text, scale, time cycle, curve mode is discharged around the simulation figure of monitoring device Point data;When more data need to be browsed on same interface, left button right click mouse selection addition on-line monitoring acquisition node, i.e., On-line monitoring acquisition node browser window can be popped up to be selected;
The control EM equipment module, for being supplied to the access of operation maintenance personnel equipment and NAPT function, operation maintenance personnel is configuration Good on-line monitoring node setting accesses title, alarm preset value;
The operation EM equipment module, for automatically recording online monitoring data, when equipment has alarm, with right mouse button list Warning information is hit, the device name of display alarm, the value that transfinites, transfinite time information;
The on-line tuning device parameter module, for having access to the configuration information of each acquisition channel on distant office station, And the configuration information of device parameter is modified on monitor supervision platform, and then on-line tuning device parameter;
The warning processing module, realization alarm window automatic spring, alarm are eliminated, alerting light prompts, alarm call prompts, Alert the function of response.
The management subsystem uses Windows XP operating system, uses CLIENT/SERVER developing instrument, management System cooperation control software systems, realize every management, the maintenance work of intelligent supplementary controlled system, including system administration mould Block, alarm management module and statement management module;
The system management module for the security management of system, including operation maintenance personnel management, rights management and is System three parts of log query;In operation maintenance personnel management, registrable new operation maintenance personnel defines the effective time of operation maintenance personnel, Operation maintenance personnel permission is distributed, operation maintenance personnel group is divided;In rights management, for Permission Levels to be arranged and decompose permission;System System log query is inquired for system history data, is reviewed;
The alarm management module is arranged, alarm record queries, alarm statistics point for the shielding setting of alarm, time delay Analysis, alarm timesharing analysis;Specifically for the comparative analysis of alarm amount between substation, the announcement of different type distinct device different time The alarm trend analysis, the alarm trend analysis of certain type equipment of alert statistics, certain equipment;
The statement management module, for the configuration of all kinds of reports and the statistics and print job of report.
The present invention also provides a kind of based on implementation method is monitored on-line with formula with formula on-line monitoring realization system, wraps Include following steps:
Step 1, control software systems configure the topological structure of whole on-line monitoring system;For always not connecing The on-line monitoring node entered, control software systems carry out initial configuration to the underlying parameter of on-line monitoring node, on the one hand, The control software systems save the underlying parameter of the on-line monitoring node;On the other hand, the control software systems are by institute It states underlying parameter and is stored in the corresponding on-line monitoring node;Wherein, the underlying parameter includes online monitoring node address, number Mode, frame originating point information and markers initial value are uploaded according to grab type, data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, data;
Step 2, control software systems sweep the working frequency range of on-line monitoring node by control wireless telecommunications gateway Retouch, when scanning to etc. some to be added on-line monitoring node when, control software systems are using dynamic encrypting method to online prison It surveys node and carries out security verification, if establishing communication link by verifying with on-line monitoring node, realizing on-line monitoring section The instantaneous safety access of point;Otherwise, the addition of refusal on-line monitoring node;
Wherein, security verification mode includes the method for carrying out security verification using acquisition parameter secret key, and is used The method for instructing secret key to carry out security verification;
The method for carrying out security verification using acquisition parameter secret key, includes the following steps:
Step 2.1, on-line monitoring node is pre-stored underlying parameter;The on-line monitoring node is acquired according to the data of configuration Frequency collects the Real-time Monitoring Data of certain length in real time;The on-line monitoring node to the Real-time Monitoring Data at Reason extracts multiple characteristics by sampling sequencing from the Real-time Monitoring Data and forms acquisition parameter secret key;
Then, the acquisition parameter secret key is sent to the control software systems by the on-line monitoring node;
Step 2.2, the control software systems analyze the acquisition parameter secret key, identify on-line monitoring node Data collection type;
Step 2.3, then, the control software systems compare the data collection type that recognizes of step 2.2 whether in advance The corresponding data collection type of on-line monitoring node of storage is consistent, if unanimously, passing through safety verification;Otherwise, it refuses Pass through safety verification absolutely;
The method for carrying out security verification using instruction secret key, includes the following steps:
Step 2.1, control software systems determine whether on-line monitoring node is to access for the first time, if it is accessing for the first time, is held Row step 2.2;It is accessed for the first time if it is non-, executes step 2.3;
Step 2.2, on-line monitoring node obtains data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, number by reading the underlying parameter According to the mode of upload, on-line monitoring node address, frame originating point information and markers initial value;Then, the on-line monitoring node will count Mode is uploaded according to frequency acquisition, communication frequency and data to combine to form intrinsic parameter;Node address, frame originating point information will be monitored on-line And markers initial value combines to form protocol massages control word;
The on-line monitoring node combines the intrinsic parameter and the protocol massages control word to form instruction secret key, and Described instruction secret key is sent to the control software systems;
The on-line monitoring section that the control software systems compare the parameters in described instruction secret key and are locally stored The corresponding relevant parameter of point passes through safety verification if the two is consistent;Otherwise, refusal passes through safety verification;
Step 2.3, it for the non-on-line monitoring node accessed for the first time, monitors node on-line and the control software systems is equal The last configurations parameter and the monitoring data of the last time for being used to configure on-line monitoring node of storage;Wherein, The configurations parameter includes online monitoring node address, data collection type, data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, data Upload mode and frame originating point information;The monitoring of the on-line monitoring node and the control software systems to described the last time Data are analyzed, and the last sampling time scale information is respectively extracted;
Then, on-line monitoring node is by reading the configurations parameter, obtain data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, Data upload mode, on-line monitoring node address and frame originating point information;Then, data are acquired frequency by the on-line monitoring node Rate, communication frequency and data upload mode and combine to form intrinsic parameter;Will on-line monitoring node address, frame originating point information and oneself The last sampling time scale information extracted combines to form protocol massages control word;
The on-line monitoring node combines the intrinsic parameter and the protocol massages control word to form instruction secret key, and Described instruction secret key is sent to the control software systems;
The on-line monitoring section that the control software systems compare the parameters in described instruction secret key and are locally stored The configurations parameter of point and the last sampling time scale information oneself extracted pass through safety if the two is consistent Verifying;Otherwise, refusal passes through safety verification;
Step 3, for the on-line monitoring node by safety verification, mode and the control software system are listened to using suspend mode System carries out data interaction, and detailed process is:
Monitoring node on-line includes collector, data conversion module, preposition caching, processor, communication caching, wireless transmission Module, battery system and reset circuit;The control life that on-line monitoring node real-time sense is issued with the presence or absence of control software systems It enables or data request command monitors node on-line and be in suspend mode and listen to mode if do not listened to, make processor and wirelessly Transmission module is in a dormant state;If listened to, on-line monitoring node enters operating mode immediately, wake-up processor and wireless Transmission module executes the order that control software systems are assigned;After executing the order that completion control software systems are assigned, such as When fruit reaches the stipulated time and do not have newer command to issue, on-line monitoring node is transferred to dormant state.
A kind of monitored on-line with formula provided by the invention realizes that system and method has the following advantages that:
It is provided by the invention i.e. with formula monitor on-line realize system and method, can to substation, for electric power in radio area The health status of equipment carries out real-time monitoring, the installation that do not have a power failure or have a power failure in short-term may be implemented in monitoring node equipment, realizes online The plug and play of monitoring;By fast construction information collecting device at the scene, the remote real-time monitoring of power equipment is realized, favorably In electric power personnel, observing system is abnormal at any time, reacts in time, reduces or avoids may cause due to the abnormal operation of system Loss, improve running efficiency of system, reduce manpower and material resources, save cost, have arrangement speed it is fast, system group network is flexible, low The advantages that cost, low-power consumption, strong scalability.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the integrated stand composition provided by the invention for monitoring realization system on-line with formula;
Fig. 2 is the structure principle chart of on-line monitoring node provided by the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure principle chart of control software systems provided by the invention.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution in case study on implementation of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, it is clear that described reality Applying case only is a part of case study on implementation of the invention, rather than whole case study on implementation.Based on the case study on implementation in the present invention, All other case study on implementation obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts belongs to this Invent the range of protection.
The present invention relates to one kind to monitor implementation method and system on-line with formula, is related to substation, becomes radio area information Acquisition and monitoring, have the characteristics that:
(1) information exchange is carried out by wireless telecommunications gateway and control software systems due to on-line monitoring node, it is online to supervise It surveys node and uses wireless deployment way, therefore, the installation that do not have a power failure or have a power failure in short-term may be implemented in on-line monitoring node, realizes online The plug and play of monitoring;By fast construction at the scene monitor on-line node, it can be achieved that power equipment remote real-time monitoring, with Just observing system is abnormal at any time by monitoring personnel, reacts in time, reduces or avoids may cause due to the abnormal operation of system Loss, improve running efficiency of system, reduce manpower and material resources, save cost;
(2) a kind of dynamic encrypting method suitable for the monitoring of electric power wireless online is provided, thus effective guarantee data Safety.
(3) real-time monitoring can be carried out to substation, for the health status of power equipment in radio area, may be implemented online The plug and play of monitoring;
(4) can rapid deployment polymorphic type on-line monitoring node, there is arrangement speed be fast, system group network flexibly, low cost, The advantages that low-power consumption, strong scalability.
It is with reference to Fig. 1, i.e., soft with formula on-line monitoring realization system, including online monitoring node, wireless telecommunications gateway and control Part system;
(1) node is monitored on-line
It monitors node on-line to acquire for power information, there is independent acquisition, data analysis, wireless communication function;Online The equal built-in power of monitoring node is not necessarily to external power supply;Outdoor on-line monitoring node need to use anticorrosion Seal Design;Wireless telecommunications Frequency 433MHz;Power consumption is reduced using wireless air wakes up, mode is listened in suspend mode.
Specifically, on-line monitoring node include a variety of individual data acquisition types on-line monitoring node, dispersed placement in Point being monitored carries out information collection to power equipment.A different types of collector has been mounted on every kind of on-line monitoring node, Such as voltage, electric current, power quality, temperature, humidity, pernicious gas, noise, infrared, ultraviolet, ice covering thickness, 485 interfaces, position Signal, power equipment interface data information etc..On-line monitoring node can also acquire the on-line monitoring section of other manufacturers production Point data.Any kind can be mounted when use, any number of on-line monitoring node realizes different power information acquisition function Energy.Monitor the on-line monitoring node that node is plug and play on-line, each on-line monitoring node has the acquisition of independent data, number According to analysis and communication function.
On-line monitoring node is listened to mode and is reduced power consumption using suspend mode, comprising collector, data conversion module, preposition slow It deposits, processor, communicate caching, wireless transport module, battery system and reset circuit;Collector is for acquiring raw monitored letter Number, and it is transferred to data conversion module;Data conversion module is used to carry out signal condition and data conversion to raw monitored signal Afterwards, it is sampled further according to pre-set sampling rate, by monitoring signals after sampling, storehouse is stored in preposition caching in sequence;Processing Device is used for the sampling rate issued according to control software systems, reads data from preposition caching, carries out at calculation process and encryption Reason, and encrypted data is stored in communication caching;Wireless transport module is used to calculate channel occupancy situation and signal strength, according to Data in communication caching are sent to wireless telecommunications gateway by suitable communication speed.
(2) wireless telecommunications gateway
Wireless telecommunications are realized each on-line monitoring node using Star Network structure and are controlled two-way between software systems Interaction, wireless telecommunications gateway can be compatible with the on-line monitoring node of polymorphic type monitoring data, multiband, and wireless telecommunications gateway uses TG-Inwicos communicates networking technology, realizes large range of electric power wireless networking monitoring, realizes that multiband, multiaddress are supervised online Survey the access of node.
Wireless telecommunications gateway improves communication data transmission reliability using forward error correction coding technology;Wireless telecommunications gateway is logical The modes such as Ethernet, USB, WiFi are crossed to be communicated with control software systems.
System use Star Network structure, control software systems by wireless telecommunications gateway with each on-line monitoring node into The two-way interactive of row information.
(3) software systems are controlled
Software systems installation is controlled on server, the communication control of node is realized and monitored on-line by wireless telecommunications gateway System, access way of the control software systems using more flattening, real-time sense on-line monitoring node access situation.Control software System includes the functions such as data record, management, early warning setting, report generation;Comprising software supervision interface, there is edit operation circle The figure in face edits data type, the alarm bound, show value function of each monitoring node.
Control software systems be used for by wireless telecommunications gateway to each on-line monitoring node use dynamic encrypting method into Row connection safety verification effectively connect with on-line monitoring node foundation after being verified, realizes the instant of on-line monitoring node Access;Then, control software systems configure the running parameter of each on-line monitoring node, receive each on-line monitoring node and upload Acquisition data, and to acquisition data analyzed, data show and data monitoring early warning.
Software systems are controlled by wireless telecommunications gateway, to the working frequency range of on-line monitoring node, such as 433MHz is extremely 480MHz frequency range is scanned, and after discovery on-line monitoring node, control software systems pass through wireless telecommunications gateway and on-line monitoring Node is established communication link, is realized by dynamic encryption algorithm (acquisition parameter secret key and instruction secret key) verifying after being verified Monitor the instant access of node on-line.
Wherein, dynamic encryption algorithm is a kind of dynamic encrypting method suitable for the monitoring of electric power wireless online, for the present invention One of important innovations, control software systems pass through dynamic encrypting method (acquisition with on-line monitoring node by wireless telecommunications gateway Parameter secret key and instruction secret key) it is attached safety verification, it can effectively ensure that the safety of data transmission.Electrical Power System Dynamic adds Decryption method includes acquisition parameter secret key generation method and instruction secret key generation method.Acquisition parameter secret key is real by on-line monitoring node When the data dynamic generation that acquires acquisition parameter secret key generated by the characteristic value of on-line monitoring Node extraction Real-time Monitoring Data, For controlling software systems.Instruction secret key inherently instruct by on-line monitoring intra-node and protocol massages control word generation, by Line monitoring node extracts the last internal intrinsic instruction and message control word, mixes by sequence, generates instruction secret key, for Control software systems.It is emphasized that electric power wireless online provided by the invention monitoring encryption method can be applied to WiFi, In other wireless communication modes such as Zigbee, GPRS.
Software systems are controlled for realizing software systems configuration, data displaying, data analysis, data monitoring early warning and data Management function;Controlling software systems includes:System configuration subsystem, acquisition subsystem, monitoring configuration subsystem, Monitor And Control Subsystem And management subsystem;
System configuration subsystem major function is all kinds of basic parameters letter of configuration center, data acquisition node and communication port Breath and mutual related information.According to system function division, including system configuration module, association setup module sum number According to management module;
System configuration module, for configure it is each on-line monitoring node underlying parameter, including:The subregion for monitoring region is drawn Point, substation's attribute, monitor on-line node geographical location and on-line monitoring the affiliated substation of node;System configuration module is also used In the configuration of subregion, office station to system, configuration to each communication port, module, the configuration to each template channel, to equipment Configuration etc..By the operation to the part whole system can be added in all kinds of basic data information by operation maintenance personnel.
It is associated with setup module, for defining analog acquisition passage, switch acquisition channel and the online prison of control software Survey the incidence relation of node;
Data management module, for generating system configuration installation report, importing and standby system configuration data, and to The arrangement of line monitoring node acquisition data;
Acquisition subsystem is analyzed for realizing the data acquisition to on-line monitoring node, data, data save and data are clear Look at function;Is made of multiple functional modules in acquisition subsystem, they mutually assists the acquisitions of realization data, analysis, forwarding and It saves, acquisition subsystem includes port and on-line monitoring node acquisition module, on-line monitoring node data buffer area, data point Analyse module, upper layer communication module, local data base and operation maintenance personnel interface module;
Port and on-line monitoring node acquisition module, for concurrently being visited using multithreading multiple ports It asks, completes to acquire the quick taking turn of on-line monitoring node;This part makes full use of the concurrency of operating system, realizes multichannel mould The quick taking turn of block acquires.
Monitor node data buffer area on-line, the real time data uploaded in real time for saving online monitoring node guarantees number According to the real-time of browsing and reporting rapidly for alarm;
Data analysis module carries out analysis for the operating status to control software systems and saves to each on-line monitoring The state of point is analyzed, and then guarantees that system is run steadily in the long term;Operating parameter abundant is provided for analysis.
Upper layer communication module, for accessing entire monitoring system by TCP/IP;TCP/IP can guarantee system data just Really, completely, orderly.Send alarm data, delta data, statistical data and real time data to Monitor And Control Subsystem or local data Library;The order of Monitor And Control Subsystem is transferred to acquisition subsystem by upper layer communication module;
Local data base, port that acquisition subsystem is configured, on-line monitoring node, acquisition channel are all stored in this In different data table in ground database;Local data base needs to save the data of certain time according to configuration, the holding time with Outer data are automatically deleted and safeguard data form;
Operation maintenance personnel interface module, for providing the real-time query interface and historical query interface of monitoring data, Yi Jiti For the data of any acquisition channel, operation maintenance personnel can view arbitrary channel data.The acquisition of on-line monitoring node is provided Information, including times of collection and the acquisition number of stoppages etc.;
Configuration subsystem is monitored, for the visualized graphs monitoring interface for system configuration level, by function division, packet Include configuration module, the configuration module of the configuration module of interface element and topological structure of monitoring element;
Monitor element configuration module, for realizing region, office stand configuration, the configuration of logical groups, the configuration of equipment and The configuration of parameter, wherein parameter uses component Configuration, including humidity, temperature, SF6, the position of the switch, thus generates Monitor And Control Subsystem Monitoring level;
The configuration module of interface element is specifically included for providing the application system interface of picture and text element arrangements close friend:Text This configuration, the configuration of lines, the configuration of picture, the configuration of three-dimensional line, panel and group box;
The configuration module of topological structure, for realizing the configuration of system topology;
Monitor And Control Subsystem, for being joined the operation of monitored device with figure, list, text, emulation control diversified forms Number is presented in face of operation maintenance personnel;And then making the operation conditions of monitoring system operation maintenance personnel real-time watch device, prompt is set in time Standby alarm, is promptly remotely controlled equipment;Also there is Monitor And Control Subsystem efficiently browsing mode, alarm to preset, accuse online Alert, information records playback system function;Monitor And Control Subsystem include monitoring interface module, control EM equipment module, operation EM equipment module, On-line tuning device parameter module and warning processing module;
Monitoring interface module, for running feelings in real time with the parameter that multiple display modes provide operation maintenance personnel browsing apparatus Condition facilitates operation maintenance personnel to understand the operation conditions of monitoring device on the whole;When the icon of center monitored space is clicked, enter Monitoring of tools area;In monitoring of tools area, the data that online monitoring node is sent back in real time, and forming curves figure are shown;It is supervising It controls and discharges the on-line monitoring number of nodes shown with text, scale, time cycle, curve mode around the simulation figure of equipment According to;When more data need to be browsed on same interface, if operation maintenance personnel need to browse more data on same interface, only need Addition on-line monitoring acquisition node is selected with left button right click mouse, on-line monitoring acquisition node browser window can be popped up and selected It selects;
EM equipment module is controlled, for being supplied to the access of operation maintenance personnel equipment and NAPT function, operation maintenance personnel is configured Monitor node setting access title, alarm preset value on-line;
EM equipment module is operated, for automatically recording online monitoring data, operation maintenance personnel can choose real time inspection data It may browse through historical data.When equipment has alarm, warning information is clicked with right mouse button, the device name of display alarm surpasses Limit value, transfinite time information;
On-line tuning device parameter module, for having access to the configuration information of each acquisition channel on distant office station, and The configuration information of device parameter, and then on-line tuning device parameter are modified on monitor supervision platform;
Warning processing module realizes that alarm window automatic spring, alarm are eliminated, alerting light prompts, alarm call prompt, alarm The function of response.
Management subsystem uses Windows XP operating system, uses CLIENT/SERVER developing instrument, management subsystem Cooperation controls software systems, realizes every management, the maintenance work of intelligent supplementary controlled system, including system management module, announcement Alert management module and statement management module;
System management module, for the security management of system, including operation maintenance personnel management, rights management and system day Will inquires three parts;In operation maintenance personnel management, registrable new operation maintenance personnel defines the effective time of operation maintenance personnel, distribution Operation maintenance personnel permission divides operation maintenance personnel group;In rights management, for Permission Levels to be arranged and decompose permission;System day Will inquiry is inquired for system history data, is reviewed;
Alarm management module is arranged for the shielding setting of alarm, time delay, alarm record queries, alarm statistics analysis, accuses Alert timesharing analysis;Specifically for the comparative analysis of alarm amount, the alarm of different type distinct device different time system between substation The alarm trend analysis, the alarm trend analysis of certain type equipment of meter, certain equipment;
Statement management module, for the configuration of all kinds of reports and the statistics and print job of report.
The present invention also provides a kind of electric system to monitor dynamic encrypting method on-line, includes the following steps:
Step 1, control software systems configure the topological structure of whole on-line monitoring system;For always not connecing The on-line monitoring node entered, control software systems carry out initial configuration to the underlying parameter of on-line monitoring node, on the one hand, Control software systems save the underlying parameter of online monitoring node;On the other hand, software systems are controlled by underlying parameter deposit pair The on-line monitoring node answered;Wherein, underlying parameter include online monitoring node address, data collection type, data acquiring frequency, Communication frequency, data upload mode, frame originating point information and markers initial value;
Step 2, control software systems sweep the working frequency range of on-line monitoring node by control wireless telecommunications gateway Retouch, for example, be scanned to 433MHz to 480MHz frequency range, when scanning to etc. some to be added on-line monitoring node when, control Software systems processed carry out security verification to on-line monitoring node using dynamic encrypting method, if by verifying, and online Monitoring node establishes communication link, realizes the instantaneous safety access of on-line monitoring node;Otherwise, refusal monitors adding for node on-line Enter;
Wherein, security verification mode includes the method for carrying out security verification using acquisition parameter secret key, and is used The method for instructing secret key to carry out security verification;
The method for carrying out security verification using acquisition parameter secret key, includes the following steps:
Step 2.1, on-line monitoring node is pre-stored underlying parameter;Node is monitored on-line according to the data acquiring frequency of configuration The Real-time Monitoring Data of certain length is collected in real time;On-line monitoring node handles Real-time Monitoring Data, first by sampling Sequence extracts multiple characteristic composition acquisition parameter secret keys from Real-time Monitoring Data afterwards;
Then, acquisition parameter secret key is sent to control software systems by on-line monitoring node;
Step 2.2, control software systems analyze acquisition parameter secret key, identify that the data of on-line monitoring node are adopted Collect type;
Step 2.3, then, control software systems compare the data collection type that recognizes of step 2.2 whether with it is pre-stored The corresponding data collection type of on-line monitoring node it is consistent, if unanimously, passing through safety verification;Otherwise, refusal is logical Cross safety verification;
In the present invention, the data dynamic generation that acquisition parameter secret key is acquired in real time by on-line monitoring node, each type On-line monitoring node there is unique acquisition data type to monitor node on-line when on-line monitoring node comes into operation Internal processor extracts acquired data according to some cycles, and generates characteristic value with logical relation in a certain order, presses The data segment of mode extraction feature value generates acquisition parameter secret key as agreed.And the acquisition parameter type of each on-line monitoring node It is stored in advance in control software systems, therefore, control software systems are based on acquisition parameter type and carry out security verification.
By taking current signal as an example, frequency 50Hz, the feature that just profound wave signal is current signal monitor node on-line according to every The frequency of 6400 points of second extracts data from current signal acquisition node and generates characteristic value, and intercepts 128 data conducts at random Acquisition parameter secret key.After control software systems receive acquisition parameter secret key, according to current signal acquisition node secret key verification side Formula carries out safety verification, and verification mode is for example:Nth data and the n-th+64 data are compared, and absolute value is approximately equal then The deducibility acquisition parameter type is positive profound wave signal, so that it is correct to recognize secret key.
The method for carrying out security verification using instruction secret key, includes the following steps:
Step 2.1, control software systems determine whether on-line monitoring node is to access for the first time, if it is accessing for the first time, is held Row step 2.2;It is accessed for the first time if it is non-, executes step 2.3;
Step 2.2, on-line monitoring node obtains data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, in data by reading underlying parameter Biography mode, on-line monitoring node address, frame originating point information and markers initial value;Then, data are acquired frequency by on-line monitoring node Rate, communication frequency and data upload mode and combine to form intrinsic parameter;It will on-line monitoring node address, frame originating point information and markers Initial value combines to form protocol massages control word;
On-line monitoring node combines intrinsic parameter and protocol massages control word to form instruction secret key, and will instruction secret key hair Give control software systems;
The on-line monitoring node that control software systems compare the parameters in instruction secret key and are locally stored is corresponding Relevant parameter passes through safety verification if the two is consistent;Otherwise, refusal passes through safety verification;
Step 2.3, it for the non-on-line monitoring node accessed for the first time, monitors node on-line and control software systems stores The last configurations parameter and the monitoring data of the last time for being used to configure on-line monitoring node;Wherein, basic Configuration parameter includes online monitoring node address, data collection type, data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, data upload mode And frame originating point information;On-line monitoring node and control software systems analyze the last monitoring data, each to pick up by oneself Get the last sampling time scale information;
Then, on-line monitoring node obtains data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, data by reading configurations parameter Upload mode, on-line monitoring node address and frame originating point information;Then, node is monitored on-line by data acquiring frequency, communication frequency Rate and data upload mode and combine to form intrinsic parameter;Node address, frame originating point information will be monitored on-line and oneself extracted The last sampling time scale information combines to form protocol massages control word;
On-line monitoring node combines intrinsic parameter and protocol massages control word to form instruction secret key, and will instruction secret key hair Give control software systems;
The basis for monitoring node on-line that control software systems compare the parameters in instruction secret key and are locally stored Configuration parameter and the last sampling time scale information oneself extracted pass through safety verification if the two is consistent;It is no Then, refusal passes through safety verification;
Principle is:Since instruction secret key is generated by the intrinsic parameter of on-line monitoring intra-node and protocol massages control word.Gu Parameter is the parameters such as frequency acquisition, communication frequency, the data upload mode of on-line monitoring node of each type, the parameter The parameter that on-line monitoring node is successfully configured for Control System Software last time, because intrinsic after each on-line monitoring node use Parameter can there is some difference, so having certain randomness, can be used for safety verification.
Protocol massages control word includes online monitoring node address, markers, frame head etc., and the data band of each acquisition is sometimes Mark (i.e. acquisition time data field) because when be designated as random parameters, secret key can have randomness, can be used for testing safely Card.
Intrinsic parameter and protocol massages control word are extracted and mixed in a certain order, instruction secret key is generated.
Simultaneously as control software systems save the on-line monitoring node last time successfully configuration on-line monitoring node Parameter and message control word identical instruction secret key therefore can be generated, mode by comparing can verify that on-line monitoring The correctness of node secret key.
Step 3, for by the on-line monitoring node of safety verification, using suspend mode listen to mode and control software systems into Row data interaction, detailed process are:
Monitoring node on-line includes collector, data conversion module, preposition caching, processor, communication caching, wireless transmission Module, battery system and reset circuit;The control life that on-line monitoring node real-time sense is issued with the presence or absence of control software systems It enables or data request command monitors node on-line and be in suspend mode and listen to mode if do not listened to, make processor and wirelessly Transmission module is in a dormant state;If listened to, on-line monitoring node enters operating mode immediately, wake-up processor and wireless Transmission module executes the order that control software systems are assigned;After executing the order that completion control software systems are assigned, such as When fruit reaches the stipulated time and do not have newer command to issue, on-line monitoring node is transferred to dormant state.
Therefore, on-line monitoring node in order to reduce power consumption, the most of the time in a dormant state, this period processor and nothing Line transmission module is in suspend mode and listens to mode, when listening to the control command that issues of control software systems or data request command When, on-line monitoring node enters operating mode immediately, executes the order that control software systems are assigned;It is soft to execute completion control 20 seconds after the order that part system is assigned, no newer command is issued, and i.e. entering suspend mode listens to mode for processor and wireless transport module.
On-line monitoring node acquires the process that Data Concurrent is sent:The collector of on-line monitoring intra-node collects original After signal, signal condition and data conversion are carried out by internal impinger, is counted according to the sampling of pre-set sampling rate Mould conversion, storehouse enters inside data buffer storage the data after conversion in sequence.The processor in node is monitored on-line according to control The sampling rate that software systems issue reads data from preposition caching, carry out calculation process and and encryption, and result is deposited It is put into the corresponding communication caching of wireless transport module;Wireless transport module calculates channel occupancy situation, signal strength, according to suitable Communication speed to wireless telecommunications gateway send data.
The present invention provides a kind of monitored on-line with formula and realizes system and method, according to different acquisition in on-line monitoring system Function has manufactured a plurality of types of on-line monitoring nodes, and on-line monitoring node has independent acquisition, data analysis and communication function. Communicating networking technology by TG-Inwicos may be implemented large range of electric power wireless networking monitoring, and operations staff and relay are protected Online monitoring node can be applied in combination according to live needs in shield personnel, dispersed placement in problem device and its associate device, The equipment operating data of various dimensions is obtained in real time;For on-line monitoring system equipped with control software systems, control software systems can be into Row quick links, alarm setting, status monitoring of combination configuration etc., improve the success rate of malfunction elimination.
It is provided by the invention i.e. with formula monitor on-line realize system and method, can to substation, for electric power in radio area The health status of equipment carries out real-time monitoring, the installation that do not have a power failure or have a power failure in short-term may be implemented in monitoring node equipment, realizes online The plug and play of monitoring;By fast construction information collecting device at the scene, the remote real-time monitoring of power equipment is realized, favorably In electric power personnel, observing system is abnormal at any time, reacts in time, reduces or avoids may cause due to the abnormal operation of system Loss, improve running efficiency of system, reduce manpower and material resources, save cost, have arrangement speed it is fast, system group network is flexible, low The advantages that cost, low-power consumption, strong scalability.
The above is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, various improvements and modifications may be made without departing from the principle of the present invention, these improvements and modifications are also answered Depending on protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. one kind monitors realization system on-line with formula, which is characterized in that including online monitoring node, wireless telecommunications gateway and control Software systems processed;
The on-line monitoring node includes the on-line monitoring node of a variety of individual data acquisition types, and dispersed placement is in monitored Point;The on-line monitoring node is the on-line monitoring node both filled both, and there are each on-line monitoring node independent data to adopt Collection, data analysis and communication function;
The wireless telecommunications gateway realizes the monitoring of electric power wireless networking using TG-Inwicos communication networking technology, realizes multifrequency The access of section, multiaddress on-line monitoring node;
The control software systems are used to add each on-line monitoring node using dynamic by the wireless telecommunications gateway Decryption method is attached safety verification, after being verified, effectively connect with on-line monitoring node foundation, realizes online prison Survey the instant access of node;Then, the control software systems configure the running parameter of each on-line monitoring node, receive It is each it is described on-line monitoring node upload acquisition data, and the acquisition data are analyzed, data show and data supervise Depending on early warning.
2. according to claim 1 a kind of i.e. with formula on-line monitoring realization system, which is characterized in that the on-line monitoring section It puts comprising collector, data conversion module, preposition caching, processor, communication caching, wireless transport module, battery system and answers Position circuit;The collector is transferred to the data conversion module for acquiring raw monitored signal;The data conversion mould After block is used to carry out signal condition and data conversion to the raw monitored signal, adopted further according to pre-set sampling rate Sample, by monitoring signals after sampling, storehouse is stored in the preposition caching in sequence;The processor is used for soft according to the control The sampling rate that part system issues reads data from the preposition caching, carries out calculation process and encryption, and will be after encryption Data are stored in the communication caching;The wireless transport module is for calculating channel occupancy situation and signal strength, according to suitable Communication speed by it is described communication caching in data be sent to the wireless telecommunications gateway.
3. a kind of realization system is monitored on-line with formula according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the collector includes Following kind of collector:Voltage collector, current collector, power quality collector, temperature sampler, humidity collector, Pernicious gas collector, Noise Acquisition device, infrared collecting device, EUV collector and ice covering thickness collector.
4. according to claim 1 a kind of i.e. with formula on-line monitoring realization system, which is characterized in that the radio communication network It closes and communication data transmission reliability is improved using forward error correction coding technology;The wireless telecommunications gateway by Ethernet, USB, WiFi mode is communicated with the control software systems.
5. according to claim 1 a kind of i.e. with formula on-line monitoring realization system, which is characterized in that the control software system System is for realizing software systems configuration, data displaying, data analysis, data monitoring early warning and data management function;The control Software systems include:System configuration subsystem, acquisition subsystem, monitoring configuration subsystem, Monitor And Control Subsystem and management subsystem;
The system configuration subsystem includes system configuration module, association setup module and data management module;
The system configuration module, for configure it is each on-line monitoring node underlying parameter, including:The subregion for monitoring region is drawn Point, substation's attribute, monitor on-line node geographical location and on-line monitoring the affiliated substation of node;
The association setup module, for defining analog acquisition passage, switch acquisition channel and the online prison of control software Survey the incidence relation of node;
The data management module, for generating system configuration installation report, importing and standby system configuration data, and to The arrangement of line monitoring node acquisition data;
The acquisition subsystem is analyzed for realizing the data acquisition to on-line monitoring node, data, data save and data are clear Look at function;The acquisition subsystem include port and on-line monitoring node acquisition module, on-line monitoring node data buffer area, Data analysis module, upper layer communication module, local data base and operation maintenance personnel interface module;
The port and on-line monitoring node acquisition module, for concurrently being visited using multithreading multiple ports It asks, completes to acquire the quick taking turn of on-line monitoring node;
The on-line monitoring node data buffer area, the real time data uploaded in real time for saving online monitoring node guarantee number According to the real-time of browsing and reporting rapidly for alarm;
The data analysis module carries out analysis for the operating status to control software systems and saves to each on-line monitoring The state of point is analyzed, and then guarantees that system is run steadily in the long term;
The upper layer communication module, for accessing entire monitoring system by TCP/IP;By alarm data, delta data, statistics Data and real time data send Monitor And Control Subsystem or local data base to;The order of Monitor And Control Subsystem communicates mould by the upper layer Block is transferred to the acquisition subsystem;
The local data base, port that acquisition subsystem is configured, on-line monitoring node, acquisition channel are all stored in this In different data table in ground database;Local data base needs to save the data of certain time according to configuration, the holding time with Outer data are automatically deleted and safeguard data form;
The operation maintenance personnel interface module, for providing the real-time query interface and historical query interface of monitoring data, Yi Jiti For the data of any acquisition channel, the acquisition information of on-line monitoring node, including times of collection and the acquisition number of stoppages are provided;
The monitoring configuration subsystem, for the visualized graphs monitoring interface for system configuration level, including monitoring element Configuration module, the configuration module of the configuration module of interface element and topological structure;
It is described monitoring element configuration module, for realizing region, office stand configuration, the configuration of logical groups, the configuration of equipment and The configuration of parameter, wherein parameter uses component Configuration, including humidity, temperature, SF6, the position of the switch, thus generates Monitor And Control Subsystem Monitoring level;
The configuration module of the interface element is specifically included for providing the application system interface of picture and text element arrangements close friend:Text This configuration, the configuration of lines, the configuration of picture, the configuration of three-dimensional line, panel and group box;
The configuration module of the topological structure, for realizing the configuration of system topology;
The Monitor And Control Subsystem, for being joined the operation of monitored device with figure, list, text, emulation control diversified forms Number is presented in face of operation maintenance personnel;And then making the operation conditions of monitoring system operation maintenance personnel real-time watch device, prompt is set in time Standby alarm, is promptly remotely controlled equipment;Also there is Monitor And Control Subsystem efficiently browsing mode, alarm to preset, accuse online Alert, information records playback system function;The Monitor And Control Subsystem includes monitoring interface module, control EM equipment module, operation equipment Module, on-line tuning device parameter module and warning processing module;
The monitoring interface module, for running feelings in real time with the parameter that multiple display modes provide operation maintenance personnel browsing apparatus Condition facilitates operation maintenance personnel to understand the operation conditions of monitoring device on the whole;When the icon of center monitored space is clicked, enter Monitoring of tools area;In monitoring of tools area, the data that online monitoring node is sent back in real time, and forming curves figure are shown;It is supervising It controls and discharges the on-line monitoring number of nodes shown with text, scale, time cycle, curve mode around the simulation figure of equipment According to;When that need to browse more data on same interface, left button right click mouse selection addition on-line monitoring acquisition node can bullet On-line monitoring acquisition node browser window is selected out;
The control EM equipment module, for being supplied to the access of operation maintenance personnel equipment and NAPT function, operation maintenance personnel is configured Monitor node setting access title, alarm preset value on-line;
The operation EM equipment module, when equipment has alarm, clicks announcement with right mouse button for automatically recording online monitoring data Alert information, the device name of display alarm, the value that transfinites, transfinite time information;
The on-line tuning device parameter module, for having access to the configuration information of each acquisition channel on distant office station, and The configuration information of device parameter, and then on-line tuning device parameter are modified on monitor supervision platform;
The warning processing module realizes that alarm window automatic spring, alarm are eliminated, alerting light prompts, alarm call prompt, alarm The function of response.
The management subsystem uses Windows XP operating system, uses CLIENT/SERVER developing instrument, management subsystem Cooperation controls software systems, realizes every management, the maintenance work of intelligent supplementary controlled system, including system management module, announcement Alert management module and statement management module;
The system management module, for the security management of system, including operation maintenance personnel management, rights management and system day Will inquires three parts;In operation maintenance personnel management, registrable new operation maintenance personnel defines the effective time of operation maintenance personnel, distribution Operation maintenance personnel permission divides operation maintenance personnel group;In rights management, for Permission Levels to be arranged and decompose permission;System day Will inquiry is inquired for system history data, is reviewed;
The alarm management module is arranged for the shielding setting of alarm, time delay, alarm record queries, alarm statistics analysis, accuses Alert timesharing analysis;Specifically for the comparative analysis of alarm amount, the alarm of different type distinct device different time system between substation The alarm trend analysis, the alarm trend analysis of certain type equipment of meter, certain equipment;
The statement management module, for the configuration of all kinds of reports and the statistics and print job of report.
6. a kind of based on described in any item i.e. being monitored on-line in fact with formula with formula on-line monitoring realization system of claim 1-5 Existing method, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
Step 1, control software systems configure the topological structure of whole on-line monitoring system;For always not accessing On-line monitoring node, control software systems to on-line monitoring node underlying parameter carry out initial configuration, on the one hand, it is described Control software systems save the underlying parameter of the on-line monitoring node;On the other hand, the control software systems are by the base Plinth parameter is stored in the corresponding on-line monitoring node;Wherein, the underlying parameter includes that online monitoring node address, data are adopted Collect type, data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, data and uploads mode, frame originating point information and markers initial value;
Step 2, control software systems are scanned the working frequency range of on-line monitoring node by control wireless telecommunications gateway, When scanning to etc. some to be added on-line monitoring node when, control software systems save on-line monitoring using dynamic encrypting method Point carries out security verification, if establishing communication link by verifying with on-line monitoring node, realizing on-line monitoring node Instantaneous safety access;Otherwise, the addition of refusal on-line monitoring node;
Wherein, security verification mode includes the method for carrying out security verification using acquisition parameter secret key, and using instruction The method of secret key progress security verification;
The method for carrying out security verification using acquisition parameter secret key, includes the following steps:
Step 2.1, on-line monitoring node is pre-stored underlying parameter;The node of monitoring on-line is according to the data acquiring frequency of configuration The Real-time Monitoring Data of certain length is collected in real time;The on-line monitoring node handles the Real-time Monitoring Data, Multiple characteristic composition acquisition parameter secret keys are extracted from the Real-time Monitoring Data by sampling sequencing;
Then, the acquisition parameter secret key is sent to the control software systems by the on-line monitoring node;
Step 2.2, the control software systems analyze the acquisition parameter secret key, identify the number of on-line monitoring node According to grab type;
Step 2.3, then, the control software systems compare the data collection type that recognizes of step 2.2 whether with it is pre-stored The corresponding data collection type of on-line monitoring node it is consistent, if unanimously, passing through safety verification;Otherwise, refusal is logical Cross safety verification;
The method for carrying out security verification using instruction secret key, includes the following steps:
Step 2.1, control software systems determine whether on-line monitoring node is to access for the first time, if it is accessing for the first time, executes step Rapid 2.2;It is accessed for the first time if it is non-, executes step 2.3;
Step 2.2, on-line monitoring node is by reading the underlying parameter, obtains data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, in data Biography mode, on-line monitoring node address, frame originating point information and markers initial value;Then, the on-line monitoring node adopts data Collection frequency, communication frequency and data upload mode and combine to form intrinsic parameter;Will on-line monitoring node address, frame originating point information and Markers initial value combines to form protocol massages control word;
The on-line monitoring node combines the intrinsic parameter and the protocol massages control word to form instruction secret key, and by institute It states instruction secret key and is sent to the control software systems;
The on-line monitoring node pair that the control software systems compare the parameters in described instruction secret key and are locally stored The relevant parameter answered passes through safety verification if the two is consistent;Otherwise, refusal passes through safety verification;
Step 2.3, it for the non-on-line monitoring node accessed for the first time, monitors node on-line and the control software systems stores The last configurations parameter and the monitoring data of the last time for being used to configure on-line monitoring node;Wherein, described Configurations parameter includes online monitoring node address, data collection type, data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, data upload Mode and frame originating point information;The monitoring data of the on-line monitoring node and the control software systems to described the last time It is analyzed, respectively extracts the last sampling time scale information;
Then, on-line monitoring node obtains data acquiring frequency, communication frequency, data by reading the configurations parameter Upload mode, on-line monitoring node address and frame originating point information;Then, the on-line monitoring node is by data acquiring frequency, logical News frequency rate and data upload mode and combine to form intrinsic parameter;It will on-line monitoring node address, frame originating point information and oneself extraction To the last sampling time scale information combine to form protocol massages control word;
The on-line monitoring node combines the intrinsic parameter and the protocol massages control word to form instruction secret key, and by institute It states instruction secret key and is sent to the control software systems;
The on-line monitoring node that the control software systems compare the parameters in described instruction secret key and are locally stored Configurations parameter and the last sampling time scale information oneself extracted pass through safety verification if the two is consistent; Otherwise, refusal passes through safety verification;
Step 3, for by the on-line monitoring node of safety verification, using suspend mode listen to mode and the control software systems into Row data interaction, detailed process are:
Monitoring node on-line includes collector, data conversion module, preposition caching, processor, communication caching, wireless transmission mould Block, battery system and reset circuit;The control command that on-line monitoring node real-time sense is issued with the presence or absence of control software systems Or data request command monitors node on-line and is in suspend mode and listen to mode if do not listened to, and makes processor and wireless passes Defeated module is in a dormant state;If listened to, on-line monitoring node enters operating mode, wake-up processor and wireless biography immediately Defeated module executes the order that control software systems are assigned;After executing the order that completion control software systems are assigned, if When reaching the stipulated time does not have newer command to issue, on-line monitoring node is transferred to dormant state.
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