CN108896006A - A kind of detection method of underground longitude and latitude - Google Patents

A kind of detection method of underground longitude and latitude Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108896006A
CN108896006A CN201810477551.5A CN201810477551A CN108896006A CN 108896006 A CN108896006 A CN 108896006A CN 201810477551 A CN201810477551 A CN 201810477551A CN 108896006 A CN108896006 A CN 108896006A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
longitude
latitude
waterproof
earthquake
monitoring
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Application number
CN201810477551.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林建宝
Original Assignee
惠安县金建达电子科技有限公司
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Application filed by 惠安县金建达电子科技有限公司 filed Critical 惠安县金建达电子科技有限公司
Priority to CN201810477551.5A priority Critical patent/CN108896006A/en
Publication of CN108896006A publication Critical patent/CN108896006A/en

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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01CMEASURING DISTANCES, LEVELS OR BEARINGS; SURVEYING; NAVIGATION; GYROSCOPIC INSTRUMENTS; PHOTOGRAMMETRY OR VIDEOGRAMMETRY
    • G01C1/00Measuring angles
    • G01C1/02Theodolites

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of detection methods of underground longitude and latitude, longitude and latitude monitoring device main body includes waterproof footstock, waterproof case and waterproof base, the bottom of waterproof footstock is arranged in the waterproof case, the bottom of waterproof case is arranged in the waterproof base, cavity is provided in the waterproof footstock, Beidou locator and laser are provided in the cavity, the side of the waterproof footstock is provided with displacement sensor, seismic collection device and battery are provided in the waterproof case, framework of the present invention is reasonable, high sensitivity, registration, and manufacturing cost is low, it can be used for sounding an alarm earthquake in advance, judge the position that earthquake occurs, avoid or mitigate disaster caused by earthquake, casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level.

Description

A kind of detection method of underground longitude and latitude
Technical field
The invention belongs to seismic detection technique field, in particular to a kind of detection method of underground longitude and latitude.
Background technique
Crustal movement is the mechanical movement of composition materials on the earth caused by due to earth interior.Crustal movement is by interior Agent causes the tectonic movement that crustal structure changes, earth's crust inner material conjugates, it can cause lithospheric differentiation, promotes big Land, ocean floor hyperplasia and extinction;And form trench and mountain range;While also result in generation earthquake, volcano eruption etc..
Earthquake is a kind of destructive natural calamity that impersonal force can be resisted, and earthquake can cause huge in moment Destructive power, earthquake happen occasionally from ancient times, and since manpower can not resist, what can be done is exactly to find in advance, give warning in advance, remove in time From, so earthquake prewarning device causes the great attention of the mankind, the generation that ancient times have seismograph that can predict earthquake, earthquake it It is preceding also can there are many peculiar geographical phenomenon can effective foreseeing earthquake, such as animal Novel presentation and weather exception table It is existing, but due to the development of industrialization and urbanization, this nature prediction method has been not suitable for, has nowadays all set in many places It is equipped with earthquake prewarning device, is the crystallization of modern science and technology, but effect is not very well, not to be well positioned to meet people's Demand.In China, natural calamity is caused in personnel death's ratio, and earthquake disaster proportion is up to 54%, is that China causes personnel Dead most natural calamity.Earthquake disaster not only damages national economy, and directly contributes people's life, the huge damage of property It loses, is not yet reached in preceding several seconds or tens of seconds in devastatingly seismic wave, earthquake information is announced into the external world, will be greatly reduced personnel's Injures and deaths.Theoretical research shows casualties can be made than reducing 14% if pre-warning time is 3 seconds;If it is 10 seconds, people Member's injures and deaths are than reducing 39%.Therefore, establishing timely, accurate and effective earthquake warning system is always the side that people work hard To.
Currently, seismic survey and warning device mostly use at the seismic survey center of national profession or scientific research institution, due to These machines are accurate, huge, expensive, and the sensor of these seismic survey devices will be placed into specific region and specific Depth can not popularize use in resident's daily life, and when earthquake disaster occurs, resident cannot receive at the first time alarm and mention Show, and keep away calamity in time, people are often caught unprepared, it is difficult to casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level, it is existing Earthquake alarm system is there is also taking up a large area, and the forecast is inaccurate really, at high cost, is unfavorable for the shortcomings that promoting the use of, is based on this, this Invention provides a kind of detection method of underground longitude and latitude.
Summary of the invention
Of the existing technology in order to solve the problems, such as, the present invention provides a kind of detection method of underground longitude and latitude, this hairs Bright framework is reasonable, high sensitivity, registration, and manufacturing cost is low, can be used for sounding an alarm earthquake in advance, judges that earthquake is sent out Raw position avoids or mitigates disaster caused by earthquake, casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level.
To achieve the goals above, the present invention is to realize by the following technical solutions:A kind of longitude and latitude monitoring device, Including longitude and latitude monitoring device main body, the longitude and latitude monitoring device main body includes waterproof footstock, waterproof case and waterproof base, The bottom of waterproof footstock is arranged in the waterproof case, and the bottom of waterproof case, the waterproof top is arranged in the waterproof base It is provided with cavity in seat, is provided with signal collector, Beidou locator and laser in the cavity, the one of the waterproof footstock Side is provided with displacement sensor, is provided with seismic collection device and battery in the waterproof case, the laser respectively with letter Number collector, Beidou locator, seismic collection device and displacement sensor are electrically connected, the Beidou locator and displacement sensor It is electrically connected;
A kind of longitude and latitude monitoring method, the longitude and latitude monitoring method include the following steps:
Step 1:Select one piece of monitored space;
Step 2:Multiple longitude and latitude monitoring device main bodys are uniformly arranged on to 5 kilometers of the underground of monitored space, form underground longitude and latitude Monitor site;
Step 3:When earthquake generates, seismic wave encounters nearest longitude and latitude monitoring device main body, longitude and latitude monitoring device main body Seismic collection device start collect generate earthquake magnitude signal;
Step 4:Beidou locator positions longitude and latitude longitude and latitude monitoring device main body in the position signal of underground;
Step 5:The earth's crust displacement signal of displacement sensor monitoring underground;
Step 6:Signal collector is by the earthquake magnitude signal of seismic collection device, the position signal and displacement sensor of Beidou locator The earth's crust movable signal detected collects and passes to laser;
Step 7:Laser will send information to the reception device on ground by transmitting laser or signal.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, the seismic collection device by a plurality of different-thickness, hardness and strength can Light guide plate composition is separated, the corresponding magnitude of separable light guide plate described in every can divide according to the earthquake magnitude of earthquake From.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, the longitude and latitude monitoring device main body is uniformly arranged in one piece of monitored space Quantity be 80 to 100, the area of the monitored space is 50 to 80 sq-kms.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, the battery respectively with Beidou locator, displacement sensor, laser Device, signal collector and seismic collection device are electrically connected.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, it is provided on the lateral wall of the longitude and latitude monitoring device main body stainless Layer, the stainless layer includes one of chromium, nickel, copper, gold or zinc or a variety of.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1, the longitude and latitude monitoring device main structure is simple, practical, high sensitivity, registration, and manufacturing cost is low, can be used for Earthquake is sounded an alarm in advance, judges the position that earthquake occurs, disaster caused by earthquake to be avoided or mitigate, by casualties and wealth It produces loss and is reduced to minimum level.
2, the position that the longitude and latitude monitoring method can be occurred by the movement anticipation earthquake in advance of the earth's crust, can be effective The success rate and accuracy rate of earthquake prediction are improved, while the movement of the earth's crust can be measured, there are certain values for Geographical Study.
3, stainless layer can make longitude and latitude monitoring device main body not oxidized and corrode, and have rustless property, moreover it is possible to change It is apt to its soldering property, reduces high-temperature oxydation.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of longitude and latitude monitoring device;
Fig. 2 is a kind of diagrammatic cross-section of longitude and latitude monitoring device;
Fig. 3 is a kind of monitoring layout of longitude and latitude monitoring device;
In figure:1- longitude and latitude monitoring device main body, 2- waterproof footstock, 3- waterproof case, 4- waterproof base, 5- cavity, 6- Beidou Locator, 7- displacement sensor, 8- laser, 9- signal collector, 10- seismic collection device, 11- battery, 12- monitored space.
Specific embodiment
To be easy to understand the technical means, the creative features, the aims and the efficiencies achieved by the present invention, below with reference to Specific embodiment, the present invention is further explained.
Fig. 1-3 is please referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution:A kind of longitude and latitude monitoring device, including longitude and latitude monitoring Apparatus main body 1, the longitude and latitude monitoring device main body 1 include waterproof footstock 2, waterproof case 3 and waterproof base 4, the waterproof Shell 3 is arranged in the bottom of waterproof footstock 2, and the waterproof base 4 is arranged in the bottom of waterproof case 3, in the waterproof footstock 2 It is provided with cavity 5, signal collector 9, Beidou locator 6 and laser 8 are provided in the cavity 5, the waterproof footstock 2 Side is provided with displacement sensor 7, and seismic collection device 10 and battery 11, the laser 8 are provided in the waterproof case 3 It is electrically connected respectively with signal collector 9, Beidou locator 6, seismic collection device 10 and displacement sensor 7, the Beidou positioning Device 6 and displacement sensor 7 are electrically connected;
A kind of longitude and latitude monitoring method, the longitude and latitude monitoring method include the following steps:
Step 1:Select one piece of monitored space 12;
Step 2:Multiple longitude and latitude monitoring device main bodys 1 are uniformly arranged on to 5 kilometers of the underground of monitored space 12, composition underground warp Latitude monitors site;
Step 3:When earthquake generates, seismic wave encounters nearest longitude and latitude monitoring device main body 1, longitude and latitude monitoring device master The seismic collection device 10 of body 1, which starts to collect, generates earthquake magnitude signal;
Step 4:Beidou locator 6 positions longitude and latitude longitude and latitude monitoring device main body 1 in the position signal of underground;
Step 5:The earth's crust displacement signal of the monitoring of displacement sensor 7 underground;
Step 6:Signal collector 9 passes the earthquake magnitude signal of seismic collection device 10, the position signal of Beidou locator 6 and displacement The earth's crust movable signal that sensor 7 detects collects and passes to laser 8;
Step 7:Laser 8 will send information to the reception device on ground by transmitting laser or signal.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, the seismic collection device 10 is by a plurality of different-thickness, hardness and strength Separable light guide plate composition, the corresponding magnitude of separable light guide plate described in every, can according to the earthquake magnitude of earthquake come Separation.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, number of the longitude and latitude monitoring device main body 1 in one piece of monitored space 12 Amount is 80 to 100, and the area of the monitored space 12 is 50 to 80 sq-kms.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, the battery 11 respectively with Beidou locator 6, displacement sensor 7, swash Light device 8, signal collector 9 and seismic collection device 10 are electrically connected.
As a kind of preferred embodiment of the invention, it is provided on the lateral wall of the longitude and latitude monitoring device main body 1 stainless Layer, the stainless layer includes one of chromium, nickel, copper, gold or zinc or a variety of.
Working principle:One piece of monitored space 12 is selected, multiple longitude and latitude monitoring device main bodys 1 are uniformly arranged on monitored space 12 5 kilometers of underground, composition underground longitude and latitude monitor site, when earthquake generate when, battery be Beidou locator 6, displacement sensing Device 7, laser 8, signal collector 9 and seismic collection device 10 provide electric energy, and seismic wave encounters nearest longitude and latitude monitoring device Main body 1, the seismic collection device 10 of longitude and latitude monitoring device main body 1, which starts to collect, generates earthquake magnitude signal, the positioning warp of Beidou locator 6 Position signal of the latitude longitude and latitude monitoring device main body 1 in underground, the earth's crust displacement signal of the monitoring of displacement sensor 7 underground, letter What number collector 9 detected the earthquake magnitude signal of seismic collection device 10, the position signal of Beidou locator 6 and displacement sensor 7 Earth's crust movable signal collects and passes to laser 8, and laser 8 will send information to ground by transmitting laser or signal On reception device, the longitude and latitude monitoring device main structure is simple, practical, high sensitivity, registration, and manufacturing cost It is low, it can be used for sounding an alarm earthquake in advance, judge the position that earthquake occurs, disaster caused by earthquake to be avoided or mitigate, by people Member's injures and deaths and property loss are reduced to minimum level, which can prejudge in advance earthquake by the movement of the earth's crust The position of generation, can effectively improve the success rate and accuracy rate of earthquake prediction, while can measure the movement of the earth's crust, for Geographical Study has certain values, and the framework of underground longitude and latitude monitoring device main body and method which uses is reasonable, spirit Sensitivity is high, registration, and manufacturing cost is low, can be used for sounding an alarm earthquake in advance, judges the position that earthquake occurs, to avoid Or mitigate disaster caused by earthquake, casualties and property loss are reduced to minimum level.
The above shows and describes the basic principles and main features of the present invention and the advantages of the present invention, for this field skill For art personnel, it is clear that invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, and without departing substantially from spirit of the invention or In the case where essential characteristic, the present invention can be realized in other specific forms.Therefore, in all respects, should all incite somebody to action Embodiment regards exemplary as, and is non-limiting, the scope of the present invention by appended claims rather than on state Bright restriction, it is intended that including all changes that fall within the meaning and scope of the equivalent elements of the claims in the present invention It is interior.Any reference signs in the claims should not be construed as limiting the involved claims.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiments being understood that.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of longitude and latitude monitoring device, which is characterized in that including longitude and latitude monitoring device main body(1), the longitude and latitude monitoring Apparatus main body(1)Including waterproof footstock(2), waterproof case(3)And waterproof base(4), the waterproof case(3)It is arranged in waterproof Footstock(2)Bottom, the waterproof base(4)It is arranged in waterproof case(3)Bottom, the waterproof footstock(2)Inside it is provided with Cavity(5), the cavity(5)Inside it is provided with signal collector(9), Beidou locator(6)And laser(8), the waterproof top Seat(2)Side be provided with displacement sensor(7), the waterproof case(3)Inside it is provided with seismic collection device(10)And battery (11), the laser(8)Respectively with signal collector(9), Beidou locator(6), seismic collection device(10)And displacement sensing Device(7)It is electrically connected, the Beidou locator(6)With displacement sensor(7)It is electrically connected;
A kind of longitude and latitude monitoring method, which is characterized in that the longitude and latitude monitoring method includes the following steps:
Step 1:Select one piece of monitored space(12);
Step 2:By multiple longitude and latitude monitoring device main bodys(1)It is uniformly arranged on monitored space(12)5 kilometers of underground, composition ground Lower longitude and latitude monitors site;
Step 3:When earthquake generates, seismic wave encounters nearest longitude and latitude monitoring device main body(1), longitude and latitude monitoring device Main body(1)Seismic collection device(10)Start to collect and generates earthquake magnitude signal;
Step 4:Beidou locator(6)Position longitude and latitude longitude and latitude monitoring device main body(1)Position signal in underground;
Step 5:Displacement sensor(7)Monitor the earth's crust displacement signal of underground;
Step 6:Signal collector(9)By seismic collection device(10)Earthquake magnitude signal, Beidou locator(6)Position signal and Displacement sensor(7)The earth's crust movable signal detected collects and passes to laser(8);
Step 7:Laser(8)It will send information to the reception device on ground by transmitting laser or signal.
2. a kind of longitude and latitude monitoring device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the seismic collection device(10)By more The separable light guide plate composition of different-thickness, hardness and strength, the corresponding Earthquake of separable light guide plate described in every Grade, can separate according to the earthquake magnitude of earthquake.
3. a kind of longitude and latitude monitoring device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the longitude and latitude monitoring device main body (1)In one piece of monitored space(12)Interior quantity is 80 to 100, the monitored space(12)Area be 50 to 80 sq-kms.
4. a kind of longitude and latitude monitoring device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the battery(11)Respectively with north Struggle against locator(6), displacement sensor(7), laser(8), signal collector(9)With seismic collection device(10)It is electrically connected.
5. a kind of longitude and latitude monitoring device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the longitude and latitude monitoring device main body (1)Lateral wall on be provided with stainless layer, the stainless layer includes one of chromium, nickel, copper, gold or zinc or a variety of.
CN201810477551.5A 2018-05-18 2018-05-18 A kind of detection method of underground longitude and latitude CN108896006A (en)

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Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN86210456U (en) * 1986-12-18 1987-12-12 余志鹏 Theodolite rule
CN101995583A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-03-30 成都林海电子有限责任公司 Wired network-based earthquake real-time monitoring method
CN103075996A (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-05-01 李中平 Globe longitude and latitude detector
CN104792321A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-22 东南大学 Auxiliary-positioning-based land information acquisition system and method
CN105509704A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-04-20 深圳市顶一精密五金有限公司 Longitude and latitude location method of outdoor shortwave antenna
CN205982655U (en) * 2016-06-01 2017-02-22 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Optic fibre underground laser lamp -house earthquake warning device

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN86210456U (en) * 1986-12-18 1987-12-12 余志鹏 Theodolite rule
CN101995583A (en) * 2010-09-02 2011-03-30 成都林海电子有限责任公司 Wired network-based earthquake real-time monitoring method
CN103075996A (en) * 2013-02-25 2013-05-01 李中平 Globe longitude and latitude detector
CN104792321A (en) * 2015-04-17 2015-07-22 东南大学 Auxiliary-positioning-based land information acquisition system and method
CN105509704A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-04-20 深圳市顶一精密五金有限公司 Longitude and latitude location method of outdoor shortwave antenna
CN205982655U (en) * 2016-06-01 2017-02-22 漳浦县圆周率工业设计有限公司 Optic fibre underground laser lamp -house earthquake warning device

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Application publication date: 20181127