CN108890351A - A kind of lathe for machining - Google Patents

A kind of lathe for machining Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108890351A
CN108890351A CN201810732136.XA CN201810732136A CN108890351A CN 108890351 A CN108890351 A CN 108890351A CN 201810732136 A CN201810732136 A CN 201810732136A CN 108890351 A CN108890351 A CN 108890351A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
push plate
main
sliding
fixture
lathe
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810732136.XA
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘真清
Original Assignee
潘真清
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 潘真清 filed Critical 潘真清
Priority to CN201810732136.XA priority Critical patent/CN108890351A/en
Publication of CN108890351A publication Critical patent/CN108890351A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/06Work-clamping means
    • B23Q3/08Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated
    • B23Q3/082Work-clamping means other than mechanically-actuated hydraulically actuated
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/08Protective coverings for parts of machine tools; Splash guards
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/02Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part
    • B23Q3/04Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine for mounting on a work-table, tool-slide, or analogous part adjustable in inclination

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of lathe for machining,Including lathe bed,Sliding box,Spindle box,Knife rest,Tailstock and clamping head,The top of lathe bed one end is equipped with spindle box,Tailstock is equipped at the top of the lathe bed other end,The side wall of lathe bed is equipped with sliding box,Sliding box top is equipped with knife rest,Clamping head is equipped with towards one end of tailstock in spindle box,The clamping head includes main body,Sliding slot,Hydraulic cylinder,Elevating lever,Push plate,Sliding panel,Fixture,Column spinner and pedestal,The interior bottom portion of main body is connected with hydraulic cylinder,The left side of hydraulic cylinder is equipped with card slot,The top of hydraulic cylinder is equipped with elevating lever,Push plate is installed at the top of elevating lever,Sliding panel is installed at the top of sliding slot,Nut is equipped at left and right sides of the inside of push plate,The upper center of nut is equipped with fixture,The inside middle-end of the push plate is connected with column spinner,And the top of column spinner is equipped with model slot,The bottom of main body is equipped with pedestal.Clamp blocks that the present invention can be convenient and the adjustment angle that can be convenient.

Description

A kind of lathe for machining
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical fields of mechanical processing, and in particular to a kind of lathe for machining.
Background technique
Lathe is the horizontal lathe that working procedures processing can be carried out to the multiple types workpiece such as axis, disk, ring, is usually used in processing Internal and external rotary surface, end face and the various internal and external threads of workpiece, using corresponding cutter and attachment, can also be drilled, reaming, Tapping and annular knurl etc..Horizontal lathe is most widely used one kind in lathe, accounts for about the 65% of lathe class sum.In adding for lathe Need to be clamped operation during work, existing clamping device cannot utilize the inner space of processing unit (plant) well, cannot Required angle when being processed according to part, it is therefore necessary to design a kind of novel lathe for machining.
Summary of the invention
According to the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to propose a kind of lathe for machining, lead to Clamping head is crossed, solves the problems, such as that part is fixed during lathe processing and angle adjusts, there is easy to use, processing efficiency High feature.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of lathe for machining includes lathe bed, slide carriage The top of case, spindle box, knife rest, tailstock and clamping head, lathe bed one end is equipped with spindle box, is equipped with tail at the top of the lathe bed other end Frame, the side wall of lathe bed are equipped with sliding box, and sliding box top is equipped with knife rest, are equipped with clamping head towards one end of tailstock in spindle box, The clamping head includes main body, sliding slot, hydraulic cylinder, elevating lever, push plate, sliding panel, fixture, column spinner and pedestal, main body it is interior Portion bottom is connected with hydraulic cylinder, and the left side of hydraulic cylinder is equipped with card slot, and the top of hydraulic cylinder is equipped with elevating lever, the top of elevating lever It is installed with push plate, sliding slot is set at left and right sides of the top of main body, is equipped with sliding panel, the inside of push plate or so at the top of sliding slot Two sides are equipped with nut, and the upper center of nut is equipped with fixture, and the inside middle-end of the push plate is connected with column spinner, and column spinner Top have model slot, the bottom of main body is equipped with pedestal.
As a preferred embodiment, fitted closely between main body and card slot, and main body by card slot and pedestal it Between be configured to detaching structure.It is vertical structure between main body and hydraulic cylinder, and hydraulic cylinder between elevating lever and push plate by constituting It is welding structure between main body and sliding slot for lifting structure, and main body is by being configured to slide construction between sliding slot and sliding panel. The left side of push plate is equipped with left protective shell, and the right side middle-end of left protective shell is connected with rack, right protection is connected on the right side of fixture Shell, the upper end of the nut are fixed with spare hole.It is fixed structure between left protective shell and rack, and rack is L-type knot Structure.It is parallel between push plate and fixture, and push plate is by being configured to rotational structure, fixture and model slot between column spinner and fixture Between be welding structure, and fixture is by being configured to helicitic texture between nut and push plate.
Present invention has the advantages that:It is of the invention by being configured to detaching structure between card slot and pedestal, existed by card slot Sliding between main body and pedestal opens main body progress internal maintenance work so as to dismantle, and may be used also by dismantling card slot To keep flexibly work to machine oil addition is carried out inside part processing equipment, mechanical internal dust can also be cleared up to prolong Long machine components service life.Drive push plate to part progress adjustment up and down on fixture by starting Hydraulic Cylinder elevating lever Processing, so that the top to part keeps processing effect consistent with bottom end, and can be by zero by the hydraulic pressure of hydraulic cylinder Part firmly fixes to clamp, and falls off so as to preventing part and causes mechanical contingency.By sliding panel in main body and sliding slot Between sliding so as to which left protective shell and right protective shell are merged, so as to prevent part processing when machine occurs Tool is unexpected, to keeping off part foreign matter on the surface of left protective shell and right protective shell, therefore can guarantee the body of staff Health, and together with being slidably fastened with right protective shell by left protective shell can pre- dust protection enter in main body, by a left side Part can be processed clamping device and be directed to part of different shapes by the rack of protective shell and the L-type structure on right protective shell To carry out simultaneously placement of classifying, thus preferably utilize processing unit (plant) inner space, and pass through column spinner push plate with Required angle when rotary motion between fixture according to part so as to process, so that the adjusting of fixture angle is carried out, because This can preferably improve the quality of part processing.
Detailed description of the invention
Content expressed by this specification attached drawing and the label in figure are briefly described below:
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of the specific embodiment of lathe for machining of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of the specific embodiment of clamping head of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the front view of the specific embodiment of clamping head of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the side view of the specific embodiment of clamping head of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structure chart of the specific embodiment of present clip.
Wherein, 1, main body, 2, card slot, 3, hydraulic cylinder, 4, elevating lever, 5, sliding slot, 6, sliding panel, 7, left protective shell, 8, push away Plate, 9, fixture, 10, rack, 11, nut, 12, model slot, 13, right protective shell, 14, column spinner, 15, pedestal, 16, spare Hole.
Specific embodiment
Below against attached drawing, by the description of the embodiment, for example related each component of a specific embodiment of the invention Shape, construction, the mutual alignment between each section and connection relationship, the effect of each section and working principle, manufacturing process and Operate with method etc., is described in further detail, to help those skilled in the art to inventive concept of the invention, technology Scheme has more complete, accurate and deep understanding.
As shown in Figs. 1-5, a kind of lathe for machining, including lathe bed, sliding box, spindle box, knife rest, tailstock and clamping head, bed The top of body one end is equipped with spindle box, is equipped with tailstock at the top of the lathe bed other end, the side wall of lathe bed is equipped with sliding box, sliding box Top be equipped with knife rest, spindle box towards one end of tailstock be equipped with clamping head, clamping head include main body 1, card slot 2, hydraulic cylinder 3, Elevating lever 4, sliding slot 5, sliding panel 6, left protective shell 7, push plate 8, fixture 9, rack 10, nut 11, model slot 12, right protective shell 13, column spinner 14, pedestal 15 and spare hole 16, the interior bottom portion of main body 1 are connected with hydraulic cylinder 3, and the left side of hydraulic cylinder 3 is equipped with Card slot 2 fits closely between main body 1 and card slot 2, and main body 1 is led to by being configured to detaching structure between card slot 2 and pedestal 15 Sliding of the card slot 2 between main body 1 and pedestal 15 is crossed so as to dismantle and open the progress internal maintenance work of main body 1, Er Qietong Crossing disassembly card slot 2 can also add to keep flexibly work to machine oil is carried out inside part processing equipment, can be with descaling machine For tool internal dust to prolonged mechanical part service life, the top of hydraulic cylinder 3 is equipped with elevating lever 4, and the top of elevating lever 4 It is fixed with push plate 8, is vertical structure between main body 1 and hydraulic cylinder 3, and hydraulic cylinder 3 between elevating lever 4 and push plate 8 by constituting For lifting structure, push the drive push plate 8 of elevating lever 4 to which adjustment adds up and down for part progress on fixture 9 by starting hydraulic cylinder 3 Work, so that the top to part keeps processing effect consistent with bottom end, and can be by part by the hydraulic pressure of hydraulic cylinder 3 It firmly fixes to clamp, falls off so as to preventing part and cause mechanical contingency, the top that sliding slot 5 is set to main body 1 is left Right two sides are welding structure between main body 1 and sliding slot 5, and main body 1 is by being configured to sliding knot between sliding slot 5 and sliding panel 6 Structure is merged left protective shell 7 and right protective shell 13 one by sliding of the sliding panel 6 between main body 1 and sliding slot 5 It rises, it is mechanical unexpected so as to occur when preventing part processing, to keeping off part foreign matter in left protective shell 7 and right protective shell 13 Surface, therefore can guarantee the health of staff, and close can by left protective shell 7 and the sliding of right protective shell 13 Being entered in main body 1 with pre- dust protection, the top of sliding slot 5 is equipped with sliding panel 6, and the left side of push plate 8 is fixed with left protective shell 7, and The right side middle-end of left protective shell 7 is connected with rack 10, is fixed structure between left protective shell 7 and rack 10, and rack 10 be L-type structure, can be by part processed clip by the rack 10 of the L-type structure on left protective shell 7 and right protective shell 13 Tight device is carried out for part of different shapes while placement of classifying, thus preferably empty using the inside of processing unit (plant) Between, it is connected with nut 11 at left and right sides of the inside of push plate 8, is welding structure between fixture 9 and model slot 12, and fixture 9 passes through It is configured to helicitic texture between nut 11 and push plate 8, part can be firmly fixed on fixture 9 by turning nut 11 To which fixture 9 and push plate 8 to be fixed in model slot 12, therefore fortune can be rotated to avoid column spinner 14 when part processing It moves to which part is clamped processing, spare hole 16 can be passed through when part plus man-hour requirement different angle and carry out nut 11 Installation, so that the part on fixture 9 and push plate 8 is adjusted, the upper center of nut 11 is equipped with fixture 9, push plate 8 it is interior Portion's middle-end is connected with column spinner 14, and the top of column spinner 14 is fixed with model slot 12, parallel between push plate 8 and fixture 9, and Push plate 8 passes through rotation of the column spinner 14 between push plate 8 and fixture 9 by being configured to rotational structure between column spinner 14 and fixture 9 Transhipment angle required when moving so as to be processed according to part, to carry out the adjusting of 9 angle of fixture, therefore can be better The quality of part processing is improved, the right side of fixture 9 is connected with right protective shell 13, and the bottom of main body 1 is equipped with pedestal 15, nut 11 Upper end be fixed with spare hole 16.
In use, by turning in the model slot 12 that part can be firmly fixed on fixture 9 by nut 11 thus will Fixture 9 and push plate 8 are fixed, therefore can rotate movement to avoid column spinner 14 when part processing to carry out part Processing is clamped, nut 11 can be carried out by spare hole 16 when part plus man-hour requirement different angle and installed, thus by fixture 9 It is adjusted with the part in push plate 8, master is opened so as to dismantle by sliding of the card slot 2 between main body 1 and pedestal 15 Body 1 carries out internal maintenance work, and by disassembly card slot 2 can also to carried out inside part processing equipment machine oil addition to Flexibly work is kept, mechanical internal dust can also be cleared up to prolonged mechanical part service life, by left 7 He of protective shell The rack 10 of L-type structure on right protective shell 13, can by part process clamping device for part of different shapes to Progress while placement of classifying, to preferably utilize the inner space of processing unit (plant), and by column spinner 14 in push plate 8 and folder Required angle when having the rotary motion between 9 so as to process according to part, so that the adjusting of 9 angle of fixture is carried out, because This can preferably improve the quality of part processing, be incited somebody to action by sliding of the sliding panel 6 between main body 1 and sliding slot 5 Left protective shell 7 and right protective shell 13 merge, mechanical unexpected so as to occur when preventing part processing, thus by part Foreign matter is kept off on the surface of left protective shell 7 and right protective shell 13, therefore can guarantee the health of staff, and pass through a left side Protective shell 7 be slidably fastened with right protective shell 13 together with can pre- dust protection enter in main body 1, pass through starting hydraulic cylinder 3 push Elevating lever 4 drives push plate 8 to part progress adjustment processing up and down on fixture 9, so that the top and bottom end to part keep adding Work efficiency fruit is consistent, and can firmly be fixed to clamp part by the hydraulic pressure of hydraulic cylinder 3, so as to prevent part It falls off and causes mechanical contingency.
The present invention is exemplarily described above in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that the present invention implements not by aforesaid way Limitation, as long as the improvement for the various unsubstantialities that the inventive concept and technical scheme of the present invention carry out is used, or without changing It is within the scope of the present invention into the conception and technical scheme of the invention are directly applied to other occasions.This hair Bright protection scope should be determined by the scope of protection defined in the claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of lathe for machining, including lathe bed, sliding box, spindle box, knife rest, tailstock and clamping head, lathe bed are set at the top of one end There is spindle box, is equipped with tailstock at the top of the lathe bed other end, the side wall of lathe bed is equipped with sliding box, and sliding box top is equipped with knife rest, Clamping head is equipped with towards one end of tailstock in spindle box, which is characterized in that the clamping head includes main body (1), sliding slot (5), liquid Cylinder pressure (3), elevating lever (4), push plate (8), sliding panel (6), fixture (9), column spinner (14) and pedestal (15), main body (1) it is interior Portion bottom is connected with hydraulic cylinder (3), and the left side of hydraulic cylinder (3) is equipped with card slot (2), and the top of hydraulic cylinder (3) is equipped with elevating lever (4), it is installed with push plate (8) at the top of elevating lever (4), sliding slot (5) is set at left and right sides of the top of main body (1), sliding slot (5) Top is equipped with sliding panel (6), is equipped with nut (11) at left and right sides of the inside of push plate (8), and the upper center of nut (11) is installed Have fixture (9), the inside middle-end of the push plate (8) is connected with column spinner (14), and the top of column spinner (14) is equipped with model slot (12), the bottom of main body (1) is equipped with pedestal (15).
2. lathe for machining according to claim 1, which is characterized in that closely pasted between the main body (1) and card slot (2) It closes, and main body (1) is by being configured to detaching structure between card slot (2) and pedestal (15).
3. lathe for machining according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be vertical between the main body (1) and hydraulic cylinder (3) Structure, and hydraulic cylinder (3) is by being configured to lifting structure between elevating lever (4) and push plate (8), between main body (1) and sliding slot (5) For welding structure, and main body (1) is by being configured to slide construction between sliding slot (5) and sliding panel (6).
4. lathe for machining according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the left side of the push plate (8) is equipped with left protective shell (7), the right side middle-end of left protective shell (7) is connected with rack (10), and right protective shell (13), institute are connected on the right side of fixture (9) The upper end for stating nut (11) is fixed with spare hole (16).
5. lathe for machining according to claim 4, which is characterized in that between the left protective shell (7) and rack (10) For fixed structure, and rack (10) is L-type structure.
6. lathe for machining according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it is parallel between the push plate (8) and fixture (9), And push plate (8) is between fixture (9) and model slot (12) by being configured to rotational structure between column spinner (14) and fixture (9) Welding structure, and fixture (9) is by being configured to helicitic texture between nut (11) and push plate (8).
CN201810732136.XA 2018-07-05 2018-07-05 A kind of lathe for machining Pending CN108890351A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810732136.XA CN108890351A (en) 2018-07-05 2018-07-05 A kind of lathe for machining

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810732136.XA CN108890351A (en) 2018-07-05 2018-07-05 A kind of lathe for machining

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108890351A true CN108890351A (en) 2018-11-27

Family

ID=64347843

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810732136.XA Pending CN108890351A (en) 2018-07-05 2018-07-05 A kind of lathe for machining

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108890351A (en)

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6092796A (en) * 1998-10-14 2000-07-25 Eastman Kodak Company Multi position part holder for robotic applications
CN2796930Y (en) * 2005-04-28 2006-07-19 广东圣都模具股份有限公司 Semiautomtic device of workpiece clamping
US20090038471A1 (en) * 2007-08-06 2009-02-12 Howa Machinery, Ltd. Rotary clamp cylinder
CN203565878U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-30 南通机床有限责任公司 Special purpose lathe
CN107378016A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-11-24 南华大学 Circular rocket bay section machine adds fixture
CN206912713U (en) * 2017-06-30 2018-01-23 沈鹏飞 A kind of liftable rolling clamp
CN108188791A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-06-22 歌尔股份有限公司 Cover-plate type quick clamping tool

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6092796A (en) * 1998-10-14 2000-07-25 Eastman Kodak Company Multi position part holder for robotic applications
CN2796930Y (en) * 2005-04-28 2006-07-19 广东圣都模具股份有限公司 Semiautomtic device of workpiece clamping
US20090038471A1 (en) * 2007-08-06 2009-02-12 Howa Machinery, Ltd. Rotary clamp cylinder
CN203565878U (en) * 2013-11-25 2014-04-30 南通机床有限责任公司 Special purpose lathe
CN206912713U (en) * 2017-06-30 2018-01-23 沈鹏飞 A kind of liftable rolling clamp
CN107378016A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-11-24 南华大学 Circular rocket bay section machine adds fixture
CN108188791A (en) * 2018-01-08 2018-06-22 歌尔股份有限公司 Cover-plate type quick clamping tool

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