CN108889409A - Granule forms device, forming method and granule - Google Patents

Granule forms device, forming method and granule Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108889409A
CN108889409A CN201810697481.4A CN201810697481A CN108889409A CN 108889409 A CN108889409 A CN 108889409A CN 201810697481 A CN201810697481 A CN 201810697481A CN 108889409 A CN108889409 A CN 108889409A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
granule
rotation
forms
velocity
crushed
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Application number
CN201810697481.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108889409B (en
Inventor
冯广义
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安徽省徽腾智能交通科技有限公司
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Priority to CN201810697481.4A priority Critical patent/CN108889409B/en
Publication of CN108889409A publication Critical patent/CN108889409A/en
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Publication of CN108889409B publication Critical patent/CN108889409B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/08Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers
    • B02C18/10Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within vertical containers with drive arranged above container
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61JCONTAINERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR MEDICAL OR PHARMACEUTICAL PURPOSES; DEVICES OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR BRINGING PHARMACEUTICAL PRODUCTS INTO PARTICULAR PHYSICAL OR ADMINISTERING FORMS; DEVICES FOR ADMINISTERING FOOD OR MEDICINES ORALLY; BABY COMFORTERS; DEVICES FOR RECEIVING SPITTLE
    • A61J3/00Devices or methods specially adapted for bringing pharmaceutical products into particular physical or administering forms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01JCHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY; THEIR RELEVANT APPARATUS
    • B01J2/00Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic
    • B01J2/22Processes or devices for granulating materials, e.g. fertilisers in general; Rendering particulate materials free flowing in general, e.g. making them hydrophobic by pressing in moulds or between rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C1/00Crushing or disintegrating by reciprocating members
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C23/00Auxiliary methods or auxiliary devices or accessories specially adapted for crushing or disintegrating not provided for in preceding groups or not specially adapted to apparatus covered by a single preceding group
    • B02C23/08Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating
    • B02C23/16Separating or sorting of material, associated with crushing or disintegrating with separator defining termination of crushing or disintegrating zone, e.g. screen denying egress of oversize material
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/18Drum screens
    • B07B1/22Revolving drums
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07BSEPERATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS BY SIEVING, SCREENING, OR SIFTING OR BY USING GAS CURRENTS; OTHER SEPARATING BY DRY METHODS APPLICABLE TO BULK MATERIAL, e.g. LOOSE ARTICLES FIT TO BE HANDLED LIKE BULK MATERIAL
    • B07B1/00Sieving, screening, sifting, or sorting solid materials using networks, gratings, grids, or the like
    • B07B1/46Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens
    • B07B1/4609Constructional details of screens in general; Cleaning or heating of screens constructional details of screening surfaces or meshes

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of granules to form device, forming method and granule, it includes the first rotary barrel (1) that the granule, which forms device, first motor (5), pulverizing unit (6), grinding unit (12) and particle form unit (19), second blower (28) blow flow makes the granule for being less than predetermined first partial size pass through strainer (27), the circulation canal (29) that granule for will be greater than predetermined first partial size is recycled to below the second rotary barrel (24) is equipped with strainer (27) bottom side, cyclone separator (30), granule greater than predetermined second partial size is discharged upwards via cyclone separator (30), granule less than predetermined second partial size enters circulation canal (29).

Description

Granule forms device, forming method and granule

Technical field

The invention belongs to field of medicine preparation, in particular to a kind of granule forms device, forming method and granule.

Background technique

Medical method of granulating can be divided into three categories:Wet granulation, dry granulation, spraying granulation, wherein wet granulation is answered With the most extensively.Wet granulation is that adhesive is added in drug powder, keeps powder poly- by the gantry of adhesive or cementation The method that knot prepares particle together.It the advantage is that, the wetting of particle surface made of wet process has granular mass good, outside Shape is beautiful, wearability is compared with the advantages that strong, compact property is good, however, existing wet granulation mostly exists, energy consumption is high, precision is low, The defects of granular size unevenness and uneven content and drawbacks described above are difficult to overcome in the actual production process.

Therefore, urgent need technical problems to be solved in this field are, that is, provide a kind of granule formation device, forming method And granule, can be improved granule content uniformity and grain diameter consistency, improve preparation efficiency, save the cost and energy consumption and Structure is simple.

Disclosed above- mentioned information are used only for enhancing the understanding to background of the present invention in the background section, it is thus possible to Information comprising not constituting the prior art known to a person of ordinary skill in the art in home.

Summary of the invention

The inventors of the present invention have made intensive studies in order to achieve the above objectives, specifically, the present invention provides a kind of Granula forms device, and the granule forms device and includes,

First rotary barrel comprising be located at top for controllably input granule raw material annular feed inlet, Closed outer tube wall and the conical screen drum for screening for being located at bottom,

First motor, the first motor connection described first for driving the first rotary barrel to rotate with the first velocity of rotation Rotary barrel and it is located at below conical screen drum,

Pulverizing unit, the pulverizing unit for comminuted starting materials are arranged in the first rotary barrel, the pulverizing unit warp It is rotated by the second motor driven with adjustable second velocity of rotation, the pulverizing unit includes that the broken body of left inverted trapezoidal and the right side are fallen Trapezoidal broken body, left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body and right inverted trapezoidal is crushed body and matches arrangement, left inverted trapezoidal with the conical screen drum Broken body and/or right inverted trapezoidal are crushed body and are equipped with multiple triangular grooves diminishing from top to bottom, and the left inverted trapezoidal is broken Broken body and/or right inverted trapezoidal are crushed body and the outer surface of triangular groove thereon is respectively equipped with breaking-edge,

Grinding unit, the grinding unit arrangement of the powder for accepting and grinding the raw material via the sieving of conical screen drum Below cone screen drum, the grinding unit includes the abrasive body of rotatable arc, grinds hammer and for spraying predetermined amount Adhesive spray head, the abrasive body via third motor driven with the rotation of third velocity of rotation, hammer into shape via can by the grinding Telescopic cylinder is moved up and down with linear speed, and the abrasive body is equipped with the discharge valve of powder after discharge grinding,

Particle forms unit comprising:

Particle forms shell, and inner wall is equipped with axially aligned multiple relief fabrics tilted upward, the fluctuating knot Structure includes the arc-shaped protrusions to adjoin each other and arc groove,

Second rotary barrel is formed in shell in particle with the 4th rotation via motor-driven second rotary barrel of third Speed adjustably rotates,

Powder is drawn into the feeding-passage connection discharge valve that particle forms unit, feeding-passage by feeding-passage Interior the first blower being equipped with for generating carrier gas, powder is via carrier gas along relief fabric from the bottom up by the second rotation Drum body squeezes to form granule,

Strainer is in tilted layout above the second rotary barrel,

Second blower, blow flow make the granule for being less than predetermined first partial size pass through strainer,

Circulation canal, the circulation that the granule for will be greater than predetermined first partial size is recycled to below the second rotary barrel are logical Road is equipped with strainer bottom side,

Cyclone separator, the granule greater than predetermined second partial size are discharged upwards via cyclone separator, are less than predetermined the The granule of two partial sizes enters circulation canal.

It is formed in device in the granule, annular feed inlet connects the electromagnetism for controlling charging rate and inlet amount Valve, the abrasive body connect third motor via retarder.

It is formed in device in the granule, the relatively described left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body and/or right inverted trapezoidal is crushed body most The horizontal component of the conical screen drum of lower end is equipped with the stirring blade for stirring, and left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body and right inverted trapezoidal is broken Body bilateral symmetry.

It is formed in device in the granule, it includes liquid crystal touch screen and for regulation that the granule, which forms device, Frequency converter, the first and second blowers of the frequency converter electrical connection, spray head, and/or first to third motor.

It is formed in device in the granule, the direction of the first velocity of rotation and the second to the 4th velocity of rotation direction phase Instead, speed is followed successively by the 4th velocity of rotation, the second velocity of rotation, third velocity of rotation and the first velocity of rotation, institute from big to small The arc-shaped protrusions and arc groove stated in multiple relief fabrics tilted upward form the upward squeezing passage of spiral.

It is formed in device in the granule, it includes filling for controlling the control of process that the granule, which forms device, It sets, the control device is via the first and second blowers of wireless telecom equipment wireless connection, spray head, and/or first to third electricity Machine, control device include digital signal processor, application-specific integrated circuit ASIC or on-site programmable gate array FPGA, control device Including memory, the memory may include one or more read only memory ROMs, random access memory ram, flash memory Reservoir or Electrical Erasable programmable read only memory EEPROM.

It is formed in device in the granule, the control device is mobile phone, pad or cloud server.

It is formed in device in the granule, the wireless telecom equipment includes at least wireless LAN communication equipment And/or mobile communication network device, the mobile communication network device include 2G/3G/4G wireless communication chips, WLAN Communication equipment includes one in bluetooth, ZigBee or Wi-Fi module.

Another aspect of the present invention, a kind of forming method forming device using the granule include the following steps:

First step, controllably inputs the raw material of the granule of predetermined amount from annular feed inlet, the first rotary barrel with The rotation of first velocity of rotation, the pulverizing unit second velocity of rotation rotation opposite with the first velocity of rotation, left inverted trapezoidal are crushed body And/or the multiple comminuted starting materials of breaking-edge that right inverted trapezoidal is crushed on the outer surface of body and triangular groove thereon form powder End,

Second step, spray head spray the adhesive of predetermined amount, and abrasive body is via third motor driven in contrast to first turn The third velocity of rotation rotation of dynamic speed, the grinding hammer move up and down grinding with viscous with linear speed via Telescopic cylinder The powder of mixture,

Third step, powder are transported to particle from discharge valve via carrier gas and form unit, and the second rotary barrel exists Particle is formed in shell and is adjustably rotated with the 4th rotation speed, and powder is along relief fabric from the bottom up by the second rotating cylinder Body squeezes to form granule, and the second blower blow flow makes the granule for being less than predetermined first partial size by strainer, is greater than pre- The granule of fixed second partial size is discharged upwards as qualified granule via cyclone separator, greater than of predetermined first partial size The circulation canal that granula is recycled to below the second rotary barrel squeezes again.

According to another aspect of the invention, a kind of granule is formed by the forming method.

Technical effect of the invention is as follows:

The left inverted trapezoidal that raw material equably can be controllably input to pulverizing unit by annular feed inlet of the invention is broken Broken body and right inverted trapezoidal are crushed body, and individual feed inlet or feed hopper than in the prior art is compared, and significantly improve blanking Uniformity and improve the crushing efficiencies of raw material, left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body and/or right inverted trapezoidal is crushed body and thereon The breaking-edge arranged on the outer surface of triangular groove can allow raw material multiple crushing in dropping process, from top to bottom, by In the shape for matching conical screen drum, the space the smaller down, and crushing effect is gradually promoted, and in the first rotary barrel and crushes single On the basis of first phase reverse rotation and rotation difference, the raw material not being sieved can be upspringed repeatedly and be mapped to powder by conical screen drum On broken unit, further accomplished always by the breaking-edge on the triangular groove of arrangement it is multiple broken, compared to the prior art, The crushing effect of pulverizing unit of the invention is obviously improved, and uniform hybrid bonding is hammered in the abrasive body of rotation and the grinding of linear movement into shape Agent and powder are fully ground, and the uniformity of particle and the consistency of partial size are further improved, and third motor drives simultaneously Abrasive body and the second rotary barrel simplify structure save the cost, and powder is transported via carrier gas along relief fabric from the bottom up Dynamic, the arc-shaped protrusions and arc groove to adjoin each other are extruded the powder containing adhesive after grinding to form granule, institute Stating the upward squeezing passage of arc-shaped protrusions and arc groove the formation spiral in multiple relief fabrics tilted upward can stablize The high granule of consistency is efficiently formed, the second blower blow flow makes the granule for being less than predetermined first partial size pass through filter Net, the inclination arrangement of strainer improve screening efficiency, are easy to input cyclone separator and ineligible by the granule of strainer Granule just fall in circulation canal inlet, the granule greater than predetermined second partial size is arranged upwards via cyclone separator Out, which ensure that ineligible granule is recirculated and squeezed by the partial size consistency of the granule formed, circulation canal, Save cost.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram for the embodiment that granule of the present invention forms device.

Fig. 2 is the step schematic diagram for the forming method that the present invention forms device using granule.

Specific embodiment

The specific embodiment that the present invention will be described in more detail below with reference to accompanying drawings.Although being shown in attached drawing of the invention Specific embodiment, it being understood, however, that may be realized in various forms the present invention without that should be limited by embodiments set forth here System.It is to be able to thoroughly understand the present invention on the contrary, providing these embodiments, and can be complete by the scope of the present invention Be communicated to those skilled in the art.

It should be noted that having used some vocabulary in the specification and claims to censure specific components.Ability Field technique personnel it would be appreciated that, technical staff may call the same component with different nouns.This specification and right It is required that not in such a way that the difference of noun is as component is distinguished, but with the difference of component functionally as differentiation Criterion."comprising" or " comprising " as mentioned throughout the specification and claims are an open language, therefore should be solved It is interpreted into " including but not limited to ".Specification subsequent descriptions are to implement better embodiment of the invention, so the description be with For the purpose of the rule of specification, the range that is not intended to limit the invention.Protection scope of the present invention is when the appended right of view It is required that subject to institute's defender.

In order to facilitate understanding of embodiments of the present invention, it is done by taking several specific embodiments as an example below in conjunction with attached drawing further Explanation, and each attached drawing does not constitute the restriction to the embodiment of the present invention.

Specifically, granule of the invention forms device as shown in Figure 1, a kind of granule forms device and includes,

First rotary barrel 1 comprising be located at the annular feed inlet of raw material of the top for controllably inputting granule 2, closed outer tube wall 3 and be located at bottom for screening conical screen drum 4,

First motor 5, it is described for driving the first rotary barrel 1 to connect with the first motor 5 that the first velocity of rotation rotates First rotary barrel 1 and it is located at conical 4 lower section of screen drum,

Pulverizing unit 6, the pulverizing unit 6 for comminuted starting materials are arranged in the first rotary barrel 1, the pulverizing unit 6 drive via the second motor 7 with the rotation of adjustable second velocity of rotation, and the pulverizing unit 6 includes that left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 8 It is crushed body 9 with right inverted trapezoidal, left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 8 and right inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 9 and matches cloth with the conical screen drum 4 It sets, left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 8 and/or right inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 9 and is equipped with multiple triangular grooves 10 diminishing from top to bottom, The left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 8 and/or right inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 9 and the outer surface of triangular groove 10 thereon is respectively equipped with powder Broken sword 11,

Grinding unit 12, the grinding unit of the powder for accepting and grinding the raw material via the sieving of conical screen drum 4 12 are arranged in 4 lower section of cone screen drum, and the grinding unit 12 includes the abrasive body 13 of rotatable arc, grinding hammer 14 and uses In the spray head 15 of the adhesive of sprinkling predetermined amount, the abrasive body 13 drives via third motor 16 to be turned with third velocity of rotation Dynamic, the grinding hammer 14 is moved up and down via Telescopic cylinder 17 with linear speed, after the abrasive body 13 is equipped with discharge grinding The discharge valve 18 of powder,

Particle forms unit 19 comprising:

Particle formed shell 20, inner wall be equipped with axially aligned multiple relief fabrics 21 tilted upward, described Volt structure 21 includes the arc-shaped protrusions 22 to adjoin each other and arc groove 23,

Second rotary barrel 24, via third motor 16 drive the second rotary barrel 24 particle formed shell 20 in 4th rotation speed adjustably rotates,

The feeding-passage 25 that powder is drawn into particle formation unit 19 is connected the discharge valve 18 by feeding-passage 25, Be equipped with the first blower 26 for generating carrier gas in feeding-passage 25, powder via carrier gas along relief fabric 21 from Under up by the second rotary barrel 24 extruding form granule,

Strainer 27 is in tilted layout above the second rotary barrel 24,

Second blower 28, blow flow make the granule for being less than predetermined first partial size pass through strainer 27,

Circulation canal 29, the granule for will be greater than predetermined first partial size are recycled to following for 24 lower section of the second rotary barrel Ring channel 29 is equipped with 27 bottom side of strainer,

Cyclone separator 30, the granule greater than predetermined second partial size are discharged upwards via cyclone separator 30, are less than pre- The granule of fixed second partial size enters circulation canal 29.

Granule of the invention, which forms device, accurately full-range to continue large-scale industrial production, annular feed inlet The 2 left inverted trapezoidals that raw material equably can be controllably input to pulverizing unit are crushed body 8 and right inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 9, than Individual feed inlet in the prior art or feed hopper are compared, and are significantly improved the uniformity of blanking and are improved raw material Crushing efficiency, left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 8 and/or right inverted trapezoidal and is crushed on the outer surface of body 9 and triangular groove 10 thereon The breaking-edge of arrangement can allow raw material multiple crushing in dropping process, from top to bottom, due to matching the shape of conical screen drum Shape, the space the smaller down, and crushing effect is gradually promoted, in the first rotary barrel and pulverizing unit phase reverse rotation and rotation difference On the basis of, the raw material not being sieved can be upspringed repeatedly and are mapped on pulverizing unit by conical screen drum 4, further be passed through Breaking-edge on the triangular groove of arrangement accomplish always it is multiple broken, compared to the prior art, pulverizing unit of the invention Crushing effect is obviously improved, and the uniform mixed adhesive of grinding hammer and powder of the abrasive body and linear movement of rotation are sufficiently ground Mill, further improves the uniformity of particle and the consistency of partial size, third motor drives abrasive body and the second rotating cylinder simultaneously Body 24 simplifies structure save the cost, and powder is moved via carrier gas along relief fabric 21 from the bottom up, the arc to adjoin each other Shape protrusion 22 and arc groove 23 are extruded the powder containing adhesive after grinding to form granule, the multiple to be tilted towards On relief fabric in arc-shaped protrusions 22 and arc groove 23 form the upward squeezing passage of spiral can be with stability and high efficiency landform At the high granule of consistency, 28 blow flow of the second blower makes the granule for being less than predetermined first partial size pass through strainer 27, The inclination arrangement of strainer 27 improves screening efficiency, is easy to input cyclone separator and ineligible by the granule of strainer Granule just falls in circulation canal inlet, and the granule greater than predetermined second partial size is arranged upwards via cyclone separator 30 Out, which ensure that ineligible granule is recirculated and squeezed by the partial size consistency of the granule formed, circulation canal 29 Pressure, saves cost.

Granule of the present invention forms the preferred embodiment of device, and the annular connection of feed inlet 2 is for controlling charging speed The electromagnetic valve of degree and inlet amount, the abrasive body 13 connect third motor 16 via retarder.The present invention passes through electromagnetic valve Control charging rate and inlet amount can ensure crushing effect.

Granule of the present invention forms the preferred embodiment of device, and the relatively described left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body 8 and/or the right side The horizontal component that inverted trapezoidal is crushed 9 the lowermost cone screen drum 14 of body is equipped with the stirring blade for stirring, and left inverted trapezoidal is broken Broken body 8 and right inverted trapezoidal are crushed 9 bilateral symmetry of body.The present invention, which is stirred unsifted raw material by stirring blade, to roll, and leads to Cross it is reversely rotated be reflected into pulverizing unit via conical screen drum and crush again, further increase crushing efficiency.

Granule of the present invention forms the preferred embodiment of device, and it includes LCD touch that the granule, which forms device, Screen and frequency converter for regulation, the frequency converter are electrically connected the first and second blowers, spray head, and/or first to third motor, Arc-shaped protrusions 22 and arc groove 23 in the multiple relief fabric tilted upward form the upward squeezing passage of spiral.This Invention can be improved control precision by the uniformly coordinated above-mentioned component of control of frequency converter and improve harmony, the squeezing passage of formation Granulated be can be improved into efficiency.

Granule of the present invention forms the preferred embodiment of device, the direction of the first velocity of rotation and second to the 4th Velocity of rotation is contrary, and speed is followed successively by the 4th velocity of rotation, the second velocity of rotation, third velocity of rotation and from big to small One velocity of rotation.The size and Orientation relationship of above-mentioned speed is to have ensured that particle of the invention forms quality and energy saving.

Granule of the present invention forms the preferred embodiment of device, and it includes for controlling that the granule, which forms device, The control device of process, the control device via wireless telecom equipment be wirelessly connected the first and second blowers, spray head, and/or First to third motor, and control device includes digital signal processor, application-specific integrated circuit ASIC or field programmable gate array FPGA, control device include memory, and the memory may include that one or more read only memory ROMs, arbitrary access are deposited Reservoir RAM, flash memory or Electrical Erasable programmable read only memory EEPROM.The control that the present invention passes through wireless connection Device can automatically control to form process and optimize each parameter.

Granule of the present invention forms the preferred embodiment of device, and the control device is mobile phone, pad or cloud clothes Business device.

Granule of the present invention forms the preferred embodiment of device, and the wireless telecom equipment includes at least wireless office Domain Network Communication equipment and/or mobile communication network device, the mobile communication network device include 2G/3G/4G wireless communication core Piece, wireless LAN communication equipment include one in bluetooth, ZigBee or Wi-Fi module.

Fig. 2 is the step schematic diagram for the forming method that the present invention forms device using granule.It is a kind of to utilize The forming method that granula forms device includes the following steps:

First step S1 controllably inputs the raw material of the granule of predetermined amount, the first rotary barrel from annular feed inlet 2 1 is broken with the rotation of the first velocity of rotation, the second velocity of rotation rotation opposite with the first velocity of rotation of pulverizing unit 6, left inverted trapezoidal Broken body 8 and/or right inverted trapezoidal are crushed the multiple crushing former material of breaking-edge 11 on the outer surface of body 9 and triangular groove 10 thereon Material forms powder,

Second step S2, spray head 15 spray the adhesive of predetermined amount, and abrasive body 13 drives via third motor 16 with opposite It is rotated in the third velocity of rotation of the first velocity of rotation, the grinding hammers 14 into shape via Telescopic cylinder 17 to move down in linear speed Dynamic grinding has the powder of adhesive,

Third step S3, powder are transported to particle from discharge valve 18 via carrier gas and form unit 19, the second rotation Cylinder 24 is formed in shell 20 in particle and is adjustably rotated with the 4th rotation speed, powder along relief fabric 21 from the bottom up Granule is formed by the extruding of the second rotary barrel 24,28 blow flow of the second blower makes the granule for being less than predetermined first partial size By strainer 27, the granule for becoming qualified is discharged via cyclone separator 30 upwards for the granule greater than predetermined second partial size, The circulation canal 29 below the second rotary barrel is recycled to greater than the granule for making a reservation for the first partial size to squeeze again.

A kind of granule is formed by the forming method.The granule content uniformity height and grain of granule of the invention Diameter consistency is good.

Industrial applicibility

Granule of the invention forms device, forming method and granule and can manufacture and use in field of medicine preparation.

Although embodiment of the present invention is described in conjunction with attached drawing above, the invention is not limited to above-mentioned Specific embodiments and applications field, above-mentioned specific embodiment are only schematical, directiveness, rather than restricted 's.Those skilled in the art are under the enlightenment of this specification and in the range for not departing from the claims in the present invention and being protected In the case where, a variety of forms can also be made, these belong to the column of protection of the invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of granule forms device, which is characterized in that the granule forms device and includes,
First rotary barrel (1) comprising be located at the annular feed inlet of raw material of the top for controllably inputting granule (2), closed outer tube wall (3) and be located at bottom for screening conical screen drum (4),
First motor (5), for driving the first rotary barrel (1) to connect institute with the first motor (5) that the first velocity of rotation rotates It states the first rotary barrel (1) and is located at below conical screen drum (4),
Pulverizing unit (6), the pulverizing unit (6) for comminuted starting materials are arranged in the first rotary barrel (1), and the crushing is single First (6) via the second motor (7) driving with the rotation of adjustable second velocity of rotation, the pulverizing unit (6) is fallen terraced including a left side Shape is crushed body (8) and right inverted trapezoidal and is crushed body (9), left inverted trapezoidal be crushed body (8) and right inverted trapezoidal broken body (9) with the circle Conical sieve tube (4) matching arrangement, left inverted trapezoidal be crushed body (8) and/or right inverted trapezoidal be crushed body (9) equipped with it is multiple from top to bottom by Tapered small triangular groove (10), the left inverted trapezoidal be crushed body (8) and/or right inverted trapezoidal be crushed body (9) and thereon three The outer surface of angular groove (10) is respectively equipped with breaking-edge (11),
Grinding unit (12), the grinding unit of the powder for accepting and grinding the raw material via conical screen drum (4) sieving (12) it is arranged in below cone screen drum (4), the grinding unit (12) includes the abrasive body (13) of rotatable arc, grinding Hammer into shape (14) and the adhesive for spraying predetermined amount spray head (15), the abrasive body (13) via third motor (16) drive with The rotation of third velocity of rotation, the grinding hammer (14) are moved up and down via Telescopic cylinder (17) with linear speed, the grinding Body (13) is equipped with the discharge valve (18) of powder after discharge grinding,
Particle forms unit (19) comprising:
Particle formed shell (20), inner wall be equipped with axially aligned multiple relief fabrics (21) tilted upward, described Volt structure (21) includes the arc-shaped protrusions (22) to adjoin each other and arc groove (23),
Second rotary barrel (24) forms shell (20) in particle via second rotary barrel (24) of third motor (16) driving In adjustably rotated with the 4th rotation speed,
Powder is drawn into feeding-passage (25) the connection discharge valve that particle forms unit (19) by feeding-passage (25) (18), it is equipped with the first blower (26) for generating carrier gas in feeding-passage (25), powder is via carrier gas along rising Volt structure (21) is squeezed by the second rotary barrel (24) form granule from the bottom up,
Strainer (27) is in tilted layout above the second rotary barrel (24),
Second blower (28), blow flow make the granule for being less than predetermined first partial size pass through strainer (27),
Circulation canal (29), the granule for will be greater than predetermined first partial size are recycled to following below the second rotary barrel (24) Ring channel (29) is equipped with strainer (27) bottom side,
Cyclone separator (30), the granule greater than predetermined second partial size are discharged upwards via cyclone separator (30), are less than pre- The granule of fixed second partial size enters circulation canal (29).
2. granule according to claim 1 forms device, it is characterised in that:Annular feed inlet (2) connection is for controlling The electromagnetic valve of charging rate and inlet amount, the abrasive body (13) connects third motor (16) via retarder, the multiple Arc-shaped protrusions (22) and arc groove (23) in the relief fabric tilted upward form the upward squeezing passage of spiral.
3. granule according to claim 1 forms device, it is characterised in that:The relatively described left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body (8) And/or the horizontal component of broken body (9) the lowermost cone screen drum (14) of right inverted trapezoidal is equipped with the stirring blade for stirring, Left inverted trapezoidal is crushed body (8) and right inverted trapezoidal is crushed body (9) bilateral symmetry.
4. granule according to claim 1 forms device, it is characterised in that:It includes liquid crystal that the granule, which forms device, Touch screen and frequency converter for regulation, the frequency converter are electrically connected the first and second blowers, spray head, and/or first to third Motor.
5. granule according to claim 1 forms device, it is characterised in that:The direction of first velocity of rotation and second to 4th velocity of rotation is contrary, and speed is followed successively by the 4th velocity of rotation, the second velocity of rotation, third velocity of rotation from big to small With the first velocity of rotation.
6. granule according to claim 1 forms device, it is characterised in that:It includes being used for that the granule, which forms device, The control device of control process, the control device via wireless telecom equipment be wirelessly connected the first and second blowers, spray head, And/or first to third motor, control device includes digital signal processor, application-specific integrated circuit ASIC or field programmable gate Array FPGA, control device include memory, and the memory may include one or more read only memory ROMs, deposit at random Access to memory RAM, flash memory or Electrical Erasable programmable read only memory EEPROM.
7. granule according to claim 6 forms device, it is characterised in that:The control device is mobile phone, pad or cloud Hold server.
8. granule according to claim 6 forms device, it is characterised in that:The wireless telecom equipment includes at least nothing Line local area network communication equipment and/or mobile communication network device, the mobile communication network device include 2G/3G/4G channel radio Believe chip, wireless LAN communication equipment includes one in bluetooth, ZigBee or Wi-Fi module.
9. a kind of forming method for forming device using granule according to claim 1 to 8 comprising with Lower step:
First step (S1) controllably inputs the raw material of the granule of predetermined amount, the first rotary barrel from annular feed inlet (2) (1) with the rotation of the first velocity of rotation, pulverizing unit (6) the second velocity of rotation rotation opposite with the first velocity of rotation, fall ladder on a left side Shape is crushed body (8) and/or right inverted trapezoidal is crushed the breaking-edge (11) on body (9) and the outer surface of triangular groove (10) thereon Multiple comminuted starting materials form powder,
Second step (S2), spray head (15) spray predetermined amount adhesive, abrasive body (13) via third motor (16) drive with Third velocity of rotation in contrast to the first velocity of rotation rotates, and the grinding hammer (14) is via Telescopic cylinder (17) with linear speed Degree moves up and down the powder that grinding has adhesive,
Third step (S3), powder are transported to particle from discharge valve (18) via carrier gas and form unit (19), the second rotation Drum body (24) is formed in shell (20) in particle and is adjustably rotated with the 4th rotation speed, and powder is along relief fabric (21) It is squeezed from the bottom up by the second rotary barrel (24) and forms granule, the second blower (28) blow flow to be less than predetermined first The granule of partial size by strainer (27), greater than predetermined second partial size granule via cyclone separator (30) upwards discharge at For qualified granule, the granule greater than predetermined first partial size is recycled to the weight of the circulation canal (29) below the second rotary barrel It is new to squeeze.
10. a kind of granule, which is characterized in that the granule is formed by forming method as claimed in claim 9.
CN201810697481.4A 2018-09-21 2018-09-21 Granular agent forming device, forming method and granular agent CN108889409B (en)

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