CN108887369B - Equipment for cleaning and soaking crayfishes in batches - Google Patents

Equipment for cleaning and soaking crayfishes in batches Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108887369B
CN108887369B CN201810864712.6A CN201810864712A CN108887369B CN 108887369 B CN108887369 B CN 108887369B CN 201810864712 A CN201810864712 A CN 201810864712A CN 108887369 B CN108887369 B CN 108887369B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
soaking
pool
box
crayfish
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810864712.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108887369A (en
Inventor
唐伟
Original Assignee
王微静
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Application filed by 王微静 filed Critical 王微静
Priority to CN201810864712.6A priority Critical patent/CN108887369B/en
Publication of CN108887369A publication Critical patent/CN108887369A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108887369B publication Critical patent/CN108887369B/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A22BUTCHERING; MEAT TREATMENT; PROCESSING POULTRY OR FISH
    • A22CPROCESSING MEAT, POULTRY, OR FISH
    • A22C29/00Processing shellfish or bivalves, e.g. oysters, lobsters; Devices therefor, e.g. claw locks, claw crushers, grading devices; Processing lines
    • A22C29/02Processing shrimps, lobsters or the like ; Methods or machines for the shelling of shellfish
    • A22C29/021Cleaning operations on shellfish, e.g. evisceration, brushing
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A22BUTCHERING; MEAT TREATMENT; PROCESSING POULTRY OR FISH
    • A22CPROCESSING MEAT, POULTRY, OR FISH
    • A22C29/00Processing shellfish or bivalves, e.g. oysters, lobsters; Devices therefor, e.g. claw locks, claw crushers, grading devices; Processing lines
    • A22C29/02Processing shrimps, lobsters or the like ; Methods or machines for the shelling of shellfish
    • A22C29/023Conveying, feeding or aligning shellfish

Abstract

The invention relates to equipment for batch cleaning and soaking of crayfishes, which comprises a cleaning workbench, a water spraying tank, an air drying and conveying device, a soaking tank, a first transfer device and a plurality of integral cleaning boxes, wherein the cleaning workbench is transversely distributed; the gantry suspends a loading assembly through a transverse moving lifting rotary driving assembly, and a plurality of fixing splint components used for fixing the crayfish in a mode that the belly of the crayfish is exposed outwards are detachably installed on the loading assembly. According to the invention, the lobster is cleaned for the second time on the cleaning workbench, so that the cleaning effect of the lobsters is greatly improved; after cleaning, spraying water and air-drying the lobsters by using a first transfer device, and then putting the lobsters into a soaking pool for soaking to form drunk shrimps; the semi-automatic production is realized in the whole cleaning and soaking process, and the large-scale processing production efficiency of the crayfish is improved.

Description

Equipment for cleaning and soaking crayfishes in batches
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of crayfish processing equipment, in particular to equipment for batch cleaning and soaking of crayfish.
Background
The crayfish is rich in nutrition and delicious in taste, and is widely popular among people in recent years. Common cooking modes of crayfish include stewing, stir-frying, cooking and soaking, for example; drunk shrimps. The drunk shrimps are a traditional famous dish of Chinese, and as the name suggests, the lobsters are put into wine so that the lobsters are full of wine fragrance, and a user can taste the fresh and fragrant of the shrimps and can also taste the unique and unique fragrance. Nowadays, the lobsters are soaked in wine and also soaked in other soaking liquids such as fruit juice and the like. However, the traditional process for manufacturing the drunk shrimps is manually operated, so that the efficiency is low, the labor intensity is high, and the large-scale batch production is inconvenient.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide equipment for cleaning and soaking the crayfishes in batches, which can improve the processing and production efficiency of drunk shrimps, save labor and is beneficial to realizing large-scale batch production of the drunk shrimps.
In order to solve the technical problems, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a equipment for cray washs in batches and soaks which characterized in that: the crayfish belly cleaning device comprises a transversely-distributed cleaning workbench, a water sprinkling tank, a longitudinally-distributed air drying and conveying device, a soaking tank, a first transfer device and a plurality of integral cleaning boxes, wherein the soaking tank is longitudinally distributed and filled with soaking liquid; the cleaning workbench is also fixedly provided with a portal frame which spans over the framing area, the belly cleaning area and the integral cleaning area, the portal frame suspends a loading assembly through a transverse moving, lifting and rotating driving assembly, and the loading assembly is detachably provided with a plurality of fixing splint components for fixing the crayfish in a mode that the belly of the crayfish is exposed outwards;
the first transfer device can grab an integral cleaning box to move from the integral cleaning pool to the water spraying pool in a rotating mode and from the water spraying pool to the front end of the air drying transmission device in a rotating mode, and the moving track of the integral cleaning box passing through the integral cleaning pool, the water spraying pool and the front end of the first belt conveyor in sequence under the action of the first transfer device is arc-shaped; the front end of the soaking pool is positioned at the rear side of the rear end of the air drying transmission device;
a first partition board is transversely fixed at the lower part of the abdomen cleaning pool, and divides an inner cavity of the abdomen cleaning pool into an abdomen cleaning chamber positioned at the upper part and a first control chamber positioned at the lower part; the abdomen cleaning component comprises four cleaning cylinder parts and four water spraying components, the four cleaning cylinder parts are distributed around the abdomen cleaning chamber in a surrounding manner, and an accommodating space for the loading component to rotate is defined by the four cleaning cylinder parts; wash barrel spare including the washing barrel of rotatable vertical distribution, encircle and fix the washing brush on the lateral wall outside the washing barrel, the subassembly is washd to belly still including fixed connection in washing barrel bottom and be used for the drive to wash the rotatory first rotating electrical machines of barrel, and this first rotating electrical machines is fixed in first control room.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the water spraying assembly comprises a water spraying plate which is vertically fixed in the abdomen cleaning chamber, a plurality of layers of water spraying nozzles which are vertically fixed on the water spraying plate and spray water towards the accommodating space, a water spraying pipe which is fixed in the water spraying plate and is communicated with the water spraying nozzles, and an electric water pump of which the output end is communicated with the water spraying pipe and the input end is communicated with a water source.
On the basis of the technical scheme, the device further comprises a second transfer device, a liquid pouring pool for collecting the poured soaking liquid, a drunk shrimp collecting box, a box body cleaning pool and a longitudinally distributed second belt conveyor, wherein the second transfer device can grab a whole cleaning box positioned in the soaking pool to sequentially pass through the rear end of the soaking pool, the liquid pouring pool, the drunk shrimp collecting box, the box body cleaning pool and the rear end of the second belt conveyor in a circular rotation motion mode.
On the basis of the technical scheme, a fourth drainage pipeline communicated with the inner cavity of the drenching pool and provided with a control valve is fixed on the drenching pool.
Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: according to the equipment for batch cleaning and soaking of the crayfishes, the secondary cleaning of the crayfishes is completed on the cleaning workbench, the local key cleaning of the lobster abdomen is performed firstly, the whole lobster is cleaned, and the ultrasonic cleaning is matched, so that the cleaning effect of the lobsters is greatly improved; after cleaning, spraying water and air-drying the lobsters by using a first transfer device, and then putting the lobsters into a soaking pool for soaking to form drunk shrimps; the semi-automatic production is realized in the whole cleaning and soaking process, and the large-scale processing production efficiency of the crayfish is improved.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic view of a top view angle structure of an assembly line of the cleaning and soaking apparatus of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a schematic top view of the loading assembly with attached retaining clip members in mating relationship with the abdominal washing assembly in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the water spray assembly of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a schematic side view of the traversing lift-rotate drive assembly suspending loading assembly disposed within the belly wash basin of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a side view partially in perspective of the mounting clip member of the present invention mounted on a cartridge;
FIG. 6 is a front side angle view of the mounting plate of the mounting clip member of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a rear side angle schematic view of an auxiliary pressure plate of the mounting clip member of the present invention;
FIG. 8 is a schematic top view of the arrangement of the mounting clip panel with the auxiliary pressure plate according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a schematic top view of the integrated cleaning tank of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a schematic side view of the integrated cleaning tank of the present invention in a side view of the integrated cleaning tank in cooperation with the integrated cleaning assembly;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged view taken at A of FIG. 10 in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the construction of the first transfer device and the second transfer device of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is a partial schematic view of the gripping disk of the present invention gripping the bulk cleaning tank with a mechanical gripper;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the soaking pool in a top view.
The reference numbers in the figures are:
1-cleaning a workbench, 2-a water sprinkling tank, 3-an air drying transmission device, 4-a soaking tank, 5-a first transfer device, 6-an overall cleaning box, 7-a first water drainage pipeline, 8-a framing area, 9-an abdomen cleaning area, 10-an overall cleaning area, 11-an abdomen cleaning tank, 12-an overall cleaning tank, 13-a portal frame, 14-a fixed splint piece, 15-a first belt conveyor, 16-an air drying cover and 17-an air drying fan;
18-placing plate, 19-auxiliary pressing plate, 20-penetrating groove, 21-head fixing groove, 22-tail fixing groove, 23-auxiliary groove, 24-pressing plate, 25-water permeable gap, 26-rubber elastic pad, 27-clamping strip and 28-clamping groove;
29-loading cylinder, 30-cylinder cover, 31-water permeable hole, 32-upper mounting seat, 33-lower clamping seat, 34-upper clamping seat, 35-telescopic sleeve, 36-strong spring and 37-clamping space;
38-a transverse moving driving device, 39-a lifting driving device, 40-a rotating driving motor, 41-a fixed frame, 42-a first screw rod, 43-a transverse moving driving motor, 44-a transverse moving seat, 45-a sliding seat, 46-a sliding groove, 47-a guide rail frame, 48-a second screw rod, 49-a lifting driving motor and 50-a lifting platform;
51-a first partition board, 52-an abdomen cleaning chamber, 53-a first control chamber, 54-a cleaning barrel part, 55-a water spray component, 56-a cleaning barrel body, 57-a cleaning brush, 58-a first rotating motor, 59-a water spray plate, 60-a water spray nozzle, 61-a water spray pipe, 62-an electric water pump, 63-a water source and 64-a second water discharge pipeline;
65-cleaning the box body, 66-a second clapboard, 67-a cleaning tube, 68-a box bottom cover, 69-a circulation channel, 70-a through hole, 71-a circulation hole, 72-a fixed handle, 73-a fixed groove and 74-a foot pad;
75-a third partition plate, 76-a containing chamber, 77-a second control chamber, 78-a fixed cover, 79-a compression spring, 80-a containing box, 81-an ultrasonic generator, 82-a rotating disc, 83-a first electric telescopic rod, 84-a lifting rod, 85-a rotating ring part, 86-a rotating groove, 87-a roller, 88-a rolling groove, 89-a driven wheel, 90-a driving wheel, 91-a second rotating motor and 92-a third water drainage pipeline;
93-supporting frame, 94-rotating frame, 95-third rotating motor, 96-lifting slide rail, 97-third screw rod, 98-fourth rotating motor, 99-lifting seat, 100-fixed seat, 101-lifting column, 102-grabbing disc, 103-mechanical grab, 104-support, 105-rotating piece, 106-second electric telescopic rod, 107-grabbing part;
108-a sliding guide rod, 109-a driving plate, 110-a sliding driver, 111-a fourth screw rod, 112-a fifth rotating motor, 113-a sliding table and 114-a third electric telescopic rod;
115-a second transfer device, 116-a liquid pouring tank, 117-a drunk shrimp collecting box, 118-a box body cleaning tank, 119-a second belt conveyor, 120-a third belt conveyor and 121-a fourth drainage pipeline.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention more apparent, the present invention is described in further detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments. It should be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the invention and are not intended to limit the invention.
Referring to fig. 1 to 14, the apparatus for batch cleaning and soaking of crayfish comprises a cleaning workbench 1, a water spraying tank 2, a longitudinally distributed air drying transmission device 3, a longitudinally distributed soaking tank 4 filled with soaking liquid, a first transfer device 5, and a plurality of integral cleaning boxes 6; the water spraying pool 2 is positioned between the left end of the cleaning workbench 1 and the front end of the air drying transmission device 3, and a first drainage pipeline 7 which is communicated with the inner cavity of the water spraying pool and is provided with a control valve is fixed on the water spraying pool 2.
Referring to fig. 1, the cleaning workbench 1 is sequentially divided into a framing area 8, an abdomen cleaning area 9 and an overall cleaning area 10 from right to left, an abdomen cleaning pool 11 is arranged in the abdomen cleaning area 9, an abdomen cleaning component for cleaning the abdomen of the crayfish is arranged in the abdomen cleaning pool 11, an integral cleaning pool 12 is arranged in the integral cleaning area 10, the integral cleaning tank 12 is internally provided with an integral cleaning component for cleaning the whole crayfish, a portal frame 13 which spans over the framing area 8, the abdomen cleaning area 9 and the whole cleaning area 10 is also fixed on the cleaning workbench 1, the gantry 13 suspends a loading unit by means of a traversing elevating and rotating drive unit, on which a plurality of holding-jaw members 14 for holding crayfish with their ventral portions exposed to the outside are detachably mounted.
The air drying transmission device 3 comprises a first belt conveyor 15 and an inverted U-shaped air drying cover 16, wherein the first belt conveyor 15 is longitudinally distributed, the inverted U-shaped air drying cover 16 spans and is fixed above the middle position of the first belt conveyor 15, and three air drying fans 17 which are longitudinally distributed and blow air towards the first belt conveyor are fixedly arranged at the top of the air drying cover 16. The front end of the soaking pool 4 is positioned at the rear side of the rear end of the air drying transmission device 3, and specifically comprises the following steps: the front end of the steeping cistern 4 is located at the rear side of the rear end of the first belt conveyor 15.
First transfer device 5 can snatch a whole case 6 of wasing from whole 12 swivelling movements in washing pond to trickle pond 2 and from trickle pond 2 swivelling movements to first belt conveyor 15 front end, and whole washing case 6 is curved through the removal orbit of whole washing pond 12, trickle pond 2, first belt conveyor 15 front end in proper order under first transfer device 5 effect, as shown in fig. 1 arc curve.
The staff fills the fixation clamp pieces 14 with crayfish in the framing area 8, respectively, and mounts the fixation clamp pieces 14 on the loading assembly; the loading assembly with the crayfish is transversely moved above the belly cleaning pool 11 through the transverse moving lifting rotating driving assembly, then the loading assembly is lowered to be placed in the belly cleaning pool 11, the loading assembly is driven to slowly rotate at a constant speed, the belly cleaning assembly can be used for cleaning the belly of the crayfish fixed on the fixing clamp plate 14, the belly cleaning assembly is used for emphatically locally cleaning the belly which is most difficult to clean, and the cleaning effect is improved; after the belly of the crayfish is cleaned, the loading assembly is lifted by the transverse moving lifting rotary driving assembly and transversely moved to the integral cleaning area 10, then the worker takes one integral cleaning box 6, removes all the fixing splint pieces 14 (after all the fixing splint pieces 14 are removed from the loading assembly, the transverse moving lifting rotary driving assembly drives the loading assembly to reset above the framing area 8 so as to be used for the next cycle work of loading and belly cleaning), pours the crayfish on all the fixing splint pieces 14 into the integral cleaning box 6, and then places the integral cleaning box 6 on the integral cleaning assembly of the integral cleaning pool 12 so as to completely clean the whole crayfish and achieve the effect of comprehensive cleaning; after the integral cleaning work is finished, the integral cleaning box 6 is grabbed by the first transfer device 5, lifted from the integral cleaning pool 12 and rotationally moved to the upper part of the water spraying pool 2, so that the integral cleaning box is sprayed with water; after the water spraying is finished, the first transfer device 5 drives the integral cleaning box 6 to continuously rotate and move to the front end of the first belt conveyor 15, the integral cleaning box 6 is placed on the first belt conveyor 15, then the integral cleaning box 6 is conveyed to the rear end of the first belt conveyor 15 through the air drying cover 16, and in the conveying process of the first belt conveyor 15, the air drying fan 17 on the air drying cover 16 carries out air drying treatment on the crayfishes in the integral cleaning box 6, so that moisture on the crayfishes is further removed; then, the worker puts the whole washing tank 6 located at the rear end of the first belt conveyor 15 into the soaking tank 4 to soak and make drunk shrimps, and then takes out the whole washing tank 6 from the soaking tank 4.
Preferably, referring to fig. 1, the cleaning and soaking device of the present invention further comprises a second transfer device 115, a liquid pouring tank 116 for collecting the poured soaking liquid, a drunk shrimp collecting tank 117, a box body cleaning tank 118, and a second belt conveyor 119 longitudinally distributed, wherein the second transfer device 115 can grab an integral cleaning box 6 located in the soaking tank 4 to pass through the rear end of the soaking tank 4, the liquid pouring tank 116, the drunk shrimp collecting tank 117, the box body cleaning tank 118, and the rear end of the second belt conveyor 119 in turn in a circular rotation motion, as shown by the circular curve in fig. 1; a fourth drainage pipeline 121 which is communicated with the inner cavity of the leaching tank and is provided with a control valve is fixed on the leaching tank 116.
After the crayfish in the integral cleaning box 6 is soaked in the soaking pool 4, the second transfer device 115 is used for grabbing the integral cleaning box 6 positioned at the rear end of the soaking pool 4, lifting the integral cleaning box 6 from the soaking pool 4, and then driving the integral cleaning box 6 to rotate and move to the position above the liquid spraying pool 116 for liquid spraying; after the liquid is sprayed, the device continues to rotate and move to the position above the drunk shrimp collecting box 117, the integral cleaning box 6 is opened from the bottom, and the soaked crayfish is discharged into the drunk shrimp collecting box 117 to be subjected to post-treatment work of drunk shrimps; after unloading the shrimps, continuously rotating and moving to the position above the box body cleaning pool 118, lowering the integral cleaning box 6 into the box body cleaning pool 118 by the second transfer device 115, and cleaning the integral cleaning box 6 by workers; after the cleaning is completed, the second transfer device 115 raises the whole cleaning box 6 and rotates and moves to the end of the second belt conveyor 119, and then the second transfer device 115 puts down the whole cleaning box 6 (after the second transfer device 115 is put down, the second transfer device 115 continues to rotate to the upper part of the rear end of the soaking pool 4 to wait for the next work of grabbing the whole cleaning box), so that the whole cleaning box 6 can be conveyed to the position of the cleaning workbench 1 corresponding to the whole cleaning area 10 by the second belt conveyor 115 to be circularly used for the whole cleaning process of the crayfishes by a worker.
Preferably, with reference to fig. 1, a third belt conveyor 120 is provided laterally beside the rear side of the washing station 1, the third belt conveyor 120 having a head end corresponding to the overall washing zone 10 and a tail end corresponding to the framing zone 8, for conveying the fixing jaw members 14 to the framing zone 8 for circulating crayfish therein after the workers have poured crayfish into the overall washing tank 6.
Referring to fig. 2 and 4 to 8, the fixing splint member 14 includes a placing plate 18 and an auxiliary pressing plate 19 matched with the placing plate 18, the bottom end of the auxiliary pressing plate 19 is hinged to the bottom end of the placing plate 18, the top end of the auxiliary pressing plate is clamped to the top end of the placing plate 18, a through groove 20 which is vertically distributed and penetrates through the front side and the rear side of the placing plate is formed in the middle of the placing plate 18, a plurality of layers of head fixing grooves 21 for placing the heads of the crayfish are formed in positions corresponding to the left side of the through groove on the front side of the placing plate 18, a plurality of layers of tail fixing grooves 22 for placing the tails of the crayfish are formed in positions corresponding to the right side of the through groove, and the tail; the cross sections of the placing plate 18 and the auxiliary pressing plate 19 are arc-shaped, the middle of the auxiliary pressing plate 19 is provided with an auxiliary groove 23 which is vertically distributed and penetrates through the front side surface and the rear side surface of the auxiliary pressing plate, two sides of the auxiliary groove 23 respectively extend towards the middle to form a pressing plate 24 for pressing the belly of the crayfish, and a water permeable gap 25 is formed between the two pressing plates 24.
Placing the abdomen of the crayfish in the through groove 20 of the placing plate 18, turning the abdomen outwards and distributing the abdomen towards the rear side of the through groove 20, meanwhile, placing the head of the crayfish into the head fixing groove 21 and placing the tail of the crayfish into the tail fixing groove 22, then turning the auxiliary pressing plate 19 to enable the pressing plate 24 to press the abdomen of the crayfish to further enable the abdomen of the crayfish to be exposed towards the rear side of the through groove 20, and further pressing and fixing the head and the tail of the crayfish by using the left side and the right side of the auxiliary pressing plate 19; in order to avoid the crayfish being damaged when the crayfish is pressed, a layer of rubber elastic pad 26 is fixed on the side surface of the auxiliary pressing plate 19 corresponding to the front side surface of the placing plate; moreover, a clamping strip 27 is fixed at the top end of the auxiliary pressing plate 19, a clamping groove 28 corresponding to the clamping strip 27 is formed in the top end of the placing plate 18, the clamping strip 27 is clamped into the clamping groove 28 to realize clamping matching of the auxiliary pressing plate 19 and the placing plate 18, after a plurality of crayfishes are placed in the placing plate 18 and are pressed and fixed by the auxiliary pressing plate 19, the clamping strip 27 is matched with the clamping groove 28 to realize fixed connection of the auxiliary pressing plate 19 and the placing plate 18, and fixing and loading of the crayfishes can be realized.
Referring to fig. 2, 4 and 5, the loading assembly includes a vertically-distributed cylindrical loading cylinder 29, a cylinder cover 30 fixed to the top end of the loading cylinder 29, a plurality of mounting members uniformly distributed around the outside of the loading cylinder 29 for detachably mounting the fixing jaw members 14, a plurality of water permeable holes 31 are uniformly arranged on the outer side wall of the loading barrel 29, the mounting part comprises an upper mounting seat 32 fixedly connected with the barrel cover 30 and a lower clamping seat 33 fixedly connected with the bottom end of the loading barrel 29, the upper mounting seat 32 comprises an upper clamping seat 34, an expansion sleeve 35 fixed on the top of the upper clamping seat 34, and a strong spring 36 sleeved outside the expansion sleeve 35, the top end of the strong spring 36 is fixedly connected with the top of the cylinder cover 30, the bottom end is fixedly connected with the top surface of the upper clamping seat 34, a clamping space 37 for accommodating the fixed splint component 14 is formed between the upper clamping seat 34 and the lower clamping seat 33; the fixation splint member 14 is placed in the clamping space 37 with the placing plate 18 facing outward and the auxiliary pressing plate 19 facing inward, and the bottom end of the fixation splint member 14 is clamped in the lower clamping seat 33 and the top end is clamped in the upper clamping seat 34.
When the fixing splint 14 needs to be installed on the loading assembly, the strong spring 36 and the telescopic sleeve 35 are compressed to move the upper clamping seat 34 upwards to expand the height of the clamping space 37, then the bottom end of the fixing splint 14 is clamped into the lower clamping seat 33, the top end of the fixing splint 14 is placed into the upper clamping seat 34, and then the upper clamping seat 34 moves downwards under the restoring force of the strong spring 36 to be matched with the lower clamping seat 33 to clamp and fix the fixing splint 14; when it is desired to remove the mounting clip member 14 from the loading assembly, the compression springs 36 move the upper jaw 34 upwardly to remove the mounting clip member 14 from the clamping space 37.
Referring to fig. 4, the traverse lifting and rotating drive assembly includes a traverse drive device 38 fixed to the gantry 13, a lifting drive device 39, and a rotating drive motor 40 fixed to the top end of the loading assembly for driving the loading assembly to rotate, the rotating drive motor 40 is fixed to the cover 30 of the loading assembly, the traverse driving device 38 comprises a first screw rod 42 transversely distributed below the gantry 13, a traverse driving motor 43 fixedly connected to the first screw rod 42 and used for driving the first screw rod 42 to rotate forward and backward, a traverse base 44 in threaded connection with the first screw rod 42, a sliding seat 45 is fixed on the traverse motion seat 44, a sliding groove 46 corresponding to the sliding seat 45 is arranged on the portal frame 13, the traverse motion driving motor 43 drives the first screw rod 42 to rotate so as to drive the traverse motion seat 44 to do linear reciprocating circular motion, meanwhile, the sliding seat 45 is in sliding fit with the sliding groove 46 to improve the movement stability of the traverse seat 44; the lifting driving device 39 comprises a guide rail frame 47 vertically fixed on two sides below the transverse moving seat 44, a second screw rod 48 vertically fixed on the guide rail frame 47, a lifting driving motor 49 fixedly connected to the second screw rod 48 and used for driving the second screw rod 48 to rotate forward and backward, and a lifting platform 50 in threaded connection with the second screw rod 48, wherein the lifting platform 50 can be slidably connected in the guide rail frame 47 in a vertically moving manner; the rotary driving motor 40 is fixedly connected between the lifting platforms 50 at two sides through a fixing frame 41, the lifting driving motor 49 drives the second screw rod 48 to rotate so as to drive the lifting platforms 50 to perform linear lifting motion, the rotary driving motor 40, the loading assembly and the fixing splint 14 to perform lifting motion, the loading assembly provided with the fixing splint 14 is driven to lift and get in and out of the abdomen cleaning pool 11, in addition, the transverse moving driving device 38 can be used for driving the lifting driving device 39, the rotary driving motor 40, the loading assembly and the fixing splint 14 to perform transverse reciprocating linear motion, and the loading assembly is driven to perform circulating motion among three areas, namely a framing area 8, an abdomen cleaning area 9 and an integral cleaning area 10.
Referring to fig. 4, a first partition plate 51 is transversely fixed to the lower portion of the abdomen washing pool 11, and the first partition plate 51 divides the inner cavity of the abdomen washing pool 11 into an abdomen washing chamber 52 located at the upper portion and a first manipulation chamber 53 located at the lower portion; referring to fig. 2 to 4, the belly washing assembly includes four washing cylinder members 54 circumferentially distributed around the belly washing chamber 52, four water spraying assemblies 55 circumferentially distributed around the belly washing chamber 52, and a receiving space for the rotation of the loading assembly is defined between the four washing cylinder members 54; the washing cylinder 54 comprises a washing cylinder 56 which is vertically distributed in a rotatable manner, a washing brush 57 which is fixed on the outer side wall of the washing cylinder 56 in a surrounding manner, the abdomen washing assembly further comprises a first rotating motor 58 which is fixedly connected to the bottom end of the washing cylinder 56 and is used for driving the washing cylinder 56 to rotate, and the first rotating motor 58 is fixed in the first control chamber 53; the water spraying assembly 55 comprises a water spraying plate 59 vertically fixed in the abdomen cleaning chamber 52, a plurality of layers of water spraying nozzles 60 vertically fixed on the water spraying plate 59 and spraying water towards the accommodating space, a water spraying pipe 61 fixed in the water spraying plate 59 and communicated with the water spraying nozzles 60, and an electric water pump 62 of which the output end is communicated with the water spraying pipe 61 and the input end is communicated with a water source 63, and the water is supplied to the water spraying nozzles 60 through the water spraying pipe 61 by utilizing the electric water pump 62.
Utilize lift drive arrangement 39 to encircle the lateral wall and install the loading subassembly of a plurality of fixation clamp plate spare 14 and descend to the accommodation space of belly purge chamber 52 in, utilize rotary drive motor 40 to order about the loading subassembly rotatory, it is rotatory to start first rotating electrical machines 58 drive washing barrel spare 56, utilize to encircle the distribution and to clear up the belly of placing the crayfish on board 18 at loading subassembly washing brush 57 all around, simultaneously, utilize water spray subassembly 55 to spray water towards the loading subassembly, belly to placing the crayfish on board 18 is cleaned, the effective washing to the belly of crayfish can be realized in the clearance of water spray cooperation washing brush 57.
Moreover, a second drainage pipeline 64 communicated with the inner cavity of the abdomen cleaning chamber 52 and provided with a control valve is fixed in the middle of the first partition plate 51, so that drainage is facilitated; the position of the front side wall of the cleaning workbench 1 corresponding to the first control chamber 53 is provided with a first switch door for opening and closing the first control chamber 53, so that the maintenance is convenient.
Referring to fig. 9 and 10, the integral cleaning box 6 includes a cleaning box 65 with an upper opening and a lower opening, a second partition plate 66 transversely fixed on the upper portion of the cleaning box 65, a plurality of cleaning tubes 67 uniformly fixed in the cleaning box 65 and used for vertically stacking crayfish, and a box bottom cover 68 screwed on the bottom end of the cleaning box 65 and used for blocking the bottom end of the cleaning tube 67, wherein the top end of the cleaning tube 67 extends upwards through the top surface of the second partition plate 66, a circulation channel 69 is formed between two adjacent cleaning tubes 67, a plurality of through holes 70 used for communicating the circulation channel 69 with the inner cavity of the cleaning tube 67 are uniformly formed on the outer side wall of the cleaning tube 67, and a plurality of circulation holes 71 communicated with the circulation channel 69 are formed on the side wall of the cleaning box 65, the second partition plate 66 and the box bottom cover 68. Furthermore, a plurality of foot pads 74 are uniformly fixed on the bottom cover 68. Four fixed handles 72 are uniformly fixed around the top end of the cleaning box body 65 of the integral cleaning box 6, and a fixing groove 73 is formed on the bottom surface of each fixed handle 72.
Utilize sideslip lift rotary drive subassembly to mention the loading subassembly from the accommodation space of belly washing pond 11 and remove to whole washing region 10 left, the staff detaches fixation clamp plate spare 14 from the loading subassembly, and open the supplementary clamp plate 19 of fixation clamp plate spare 14 and pour each crayfish of placing board 18 into each scavenge pipe 67 of whole washing case 6, the crayfish is superpose in the scavenge pipe 67 in proper order and is placed, treat that each scavenge pipe 67 fills up the back, put into whole washing case 6 and realize the whole cleaning operation to the crayfish with whole washing subassembly cooperation in whole washing pond 12.
Referring to fig. 10, a third partition plate 75 is transversely fixed on the lower portion of the overall cleaning pool 12, the third partition plate 75 divides the inner cavity of the overall cleaning pool 12 into an upper accommodating chamber 76 and a lower second operating chamber 77, a fixing cover 78 which can be turned over and covers the top of the overall cleaning pool 12 is hinged on the working platform of the overall cleaning area 10, one side of the fixing cover 78 is hinged with the working platform of the overall cleaning area 10, the other side of the fixing cover 78 is detachably and fixedly connected on the working platform of the overall cleaning area 10, and four compression springs 79 are uniformly fixed on the bottom surface of the fixing cover 78.
Referring to fig. 10 and 11, the integrated cleaning assembly includes a housing box 80 rotatably disposed in the housing chamber 76 and containing a cleaning solution, a plurality of ultrasonic generators 81 fixed to an inner wall of the housing box 80, a rotating disc 82 fixed to a bottom of the housing box 80, and a second rotary driving machine fixedly connected to the rotating disc 82 and driving the rotating disc 82 to rotate, the second rotary driving machine being fixed to the second manipulation chamber 77; four first electric telescopic rods 83 for driving the fixed handles 72 of the integral cleaning box 6 to perform lifting motion are uniformly fixed on the working platform surface of the integral cleaning area 10 corresponding to the positions around the integral cleaning pool 12, and a lifting column 84 corresponding to the fixed groove 73 is fixed on the telescopic end of the top of each first electric telescopic rod 83; the cleaning box body 65 of the integral cleaning box 6 is arranged in the containing box 80, the fixing grooves 73 of the fixing handles 72 are matched and arranged on the lifting columns 84 corresponding to the first electric telescopic rods 83, the overturning fixing covers 78 cover the cleaning box body 65 of the integral cleaning assembly, and the four compression springs 79 are pressed on the top surfaces of the four fixing handles 72 in a one-to-one correspondence mode.
After the overall cleaning box 6 is placed into the containing box 80, the rotating disc 82 is driven by the second rotary driving machine to drive the containing box 80 to rotate and stir the cleaning liquid to clean the crayfishes in the cleaning pipe 67, meanwhile, the fixed handle 72 is driven by the first electric telescopic rod 83 to move up and down to drive the overall cleaning box 6 to move up and down in the containing box 80 so as to realize the vertical oscillation of the crayfishes in the cleaning pipe 67, the flowing channels 69 for the circulation of the cleaning liquid are arranged around each cleaning pipe 67, the crayfishes in the cleaning pipe 67 are stacked, and the overall cleaning of the whole crayfishes is facilitated; meanwhile, the ultrasonic generator 81 is matched for carrying out ultrasonic cleaning on the crayfishes, and the overall cleaning effect is good.
Moreover, an annular rotating ring part 85 extends outwards from the top of the accommodating box 80, a rotating groove 86 corresponding to the rotating ring part 85 is formed in the upper part of the inner wall of the accommodating chamber 76, the rotating ring part 85 is rotatably matched in the rotating groove 86, a plurality of rollers 87 are uniformly fixed on the top surface and the bottom surface of the rotating ring part 85 in a surrounding manner, a plurality of annular rolling grooves 88 corresponding to the rollers 87 are formed in the top surface and the bottom surface of the rotating groove 86, and the rollers 87 are arranged in the rolling grooves 88 in a matching manner. The stability of the housing box 80 during rotation is improved by the fit between the rotary ring 85 and the rotary groove 86 and the fit between the roller 87 and the rolling groove 88.
Moreover, the second rotary driving machine includes a driven wheel 89 fixedly connected to the rotating disc 82 through a driven shaft, a driving wheel 90 in belt transmission connection with the driven wheel 89, and a second rotary motor 91 fixedly connected to the driving wheel 90 and used for driving the driving wheel 90 to rotate, the second rotary motor 91 drives the driving wheel 90 to rotate, the driving wheel 90 drives the driven wheel 89 to rotate, the driven wheel 89 further drives the rotating disc 82 to rotate, and the second rotary driving machine drives the accommodating box 80 to rotate.
Moreover, a third drainage pipeline 92 which is communicated with the inner cavity of the containing box and is provided with a control valve is fixed at the bottom of the containing box 80, so that the drainage is convenient; moreover, a second switch door capable of opening and closing the inner cavity of the integral cleaning pool 12 is arranged at the position, corresponding to the integral cleaning pool 12, of the front side wall of the cleaning workbench 1, so that the maintenance is convenient.
Referring to fig. 12 and 13, the first transfer device 5 and the second transfer device 115 have the same structure, and each of the first transfer device and the second transfer device includes a supporting frame 93 vertically distributed, a rotating frame 94 horizontally located above the supporting frame 93, a third rotating motor 95 fixed on the top of the supporting frame 93 and fixedly connected to one end of the rotating frame 94 for driving the rotating frame 94 to rotate horizontally, a lifting slide rail 96 fixed at the other end of the rotating frame 94, a third screw 97 vertically distributed in the lifting slide rail 96, a fourth rotating motor 98 fixedly connected to the third screw 97 for driving the third screw 97 to rotate forward and backward, and a lifting base 99 threadedly connected to the third screw 97, wherein the lifting base 99 is slidably connected to the lifting slide rail 96 in an up-and-down manner, a fixed base 100 is further fixed to the lifting base 99, and a grabbing disc 102 is suspended and connected below the fixed base 100 through a lifting column 101, four mechanical grippers 103 for gripping the four fixed handles 72 of the overall cleaning tank 6 are uniformly fixed around the gripping disc 102. The fourth rotating motor 98 drives the third screw 97 to rotate so as to drive the lifting base 99 to linearly lift, thereby lifting the grabbing disc 102.
The mechanical hand grip 103 comprises a bracket 104 fixed on the outer side wall of the gripping disc 102, a rotating member 105 with the middle part rotatably connected to the bracket 104, and a second electric telescopic rod 106 hinged to the top end of the rotating member 105 and used for driving the rotating member 105 to rotate, wherein the bottom end of the rotating member 105 extends downwards to form a gripping part 107 corresponding to the fixing groove 73 of the fixing handle 72. The second electric telescopic rod 106 is used for driving the rotating piece 105 to rotate so as to realize that the grabbing part 107 is clamped into the fixing groove 73 or the grabbing part 107 is separated from the fixing groove 73, and therefore the grabbing or releasing of the whole cleaning box 6 by the four mechanical hand grips 103 is realized.
After the crayfish in the integrated cleaning tank 6 completes the integrated cleaning operation in the accommodating tank 80 of the integrated cleaning tank 12, the fixing cover 78 is opened and turned over to expose the integrated cleaning tank 6; then, a third rotating motor 95 of the first transfer device 5 is used for driving the rotating frame 94 to rotate, so that the grabbing disc 102 moves to the position right above the integral cleaning pool 12, then the grabbing disc 102 is lowered to the position right above the integral cleaning box 6 through a lifting seat 99, four fixed handles 72 of the integral cleaning box 6 are grabbed through four mechanical grippers 103, the grabbing disc 102 and the integral cleaning box 6 are lifted to the position above the integral cleaning pool 12 through the lifting seat 99, then the third rotating motor 95 is used for driving the rotating frame 94 to rotate, so that the grabbing disc 102 moves to the position right above the water spraying pool 2, and the integral cleaning box 6 and the crayfishes in the integral cleaning box are sprayed with water; after the water spraying is finished, the rotating frame 94 continues to rotate, so that the grabbing disc 102 moves to the middle of the front end of the first belt conveyor 15, and at the moment, the first transfer device 5 drops the integral cleaning box 6 on the first belt conveyor 15; therefore, the integral cleaning box 6 is conveyed by the first belt conveyor 15 to pass through the lower part of the air drying cover 16 and is dehumidified and air-dried by the air drying fan 17, wherein a top-down ventilation air duct is formed by mutually matching the circulation hole 71, the circulation channel 69, the inner cavity of the cleaning cylinder 67 and the circulation hole 71 of the box bottom cover 68 on the second partition plate 66 of the integral cleaning box 6, the foot pad 74 is fixed at the bottom of the box bottom cover 68, and a ventilation gap is formed between the box bottom cover 68 and the surface of the first belt conveyor 15, so that the air blown out by the air drying fan 17 can not only dehumidify and air-dry the outer side wall of the cleaning box body 65 of the integral cleaning box 6, but also can dehumidify and ventilate the whole cleaning box 6 and crayfish from top to bottom along the ventilation air duct and the ventilation gap, and the dehumidifying and air.
Referring to fig. 14, a sliding guide rod 108 which is longitudinally distributed and corresponds to the fixing groove 73 of the fixing handle 72 is fixed on each of the left and right sides of the top surface of the soaking pool 4, the integral cleaning tank 6 is slidably placed in the soaking pool 4 back and forth through the cooperation between the two fixing handles 72 and the two sliding guide rods 108 which are relatively distributed, a sliding driving device for driving the integral cleaning tank 6 to slide from the front end of the soaking pool to the rear end of the soaking pool is further arranged on the soaking pool 4, the sliding driving device comprises a driving plate 109 which is distributed across the soaking pool 4, two sliding drivers 110 which are respectively fixed on the outer side walls of the two sides of the soaking pool 4, each sliding driver 110 comprises a fourth screw rod 111 which is longitudinally distributed, a fifth rotating motor 112 which is fixedly connected to the fourth screw rod 111 and is used for driving the fourth screw rod 111 to rotate forward and backward, a sliding table 113 which is screwed on the fourth screw rod 111, and a, A third electric telescopic rod 114 fixed on the sliding table 113, a fifth rotating motor 112 fixed on the outer side wall of the soaking pool 4, and the left and right ends of the driving plate 109 are respectively fixed on the telescopic ends of the third electric telescopic rod 114 at the corresponding ends; the fifth rotary motor 112 drives the fourth screw 111 to rotate, and thus the slide table 113 carries the drive plate 109 to perform longitudinal linear reciprocating movement.
When the whole cleaning box 6 after being sprayed with water is conveyed to the tail end by the first belt conveyor 15, a worker takes down the whole cleaning box 6 and transfers the whole cleaning box 6 into the soaking pool 4, and the fixing grooves 73 of the fixing handles 72 at the two ends of the whole cleaning box 6 are placed and matched on the sliding guide rods 108 at the two sides, so that the whole cleaning box 6 can be pushed to the rear side of the driving plate 109 in a sliding manner, then the driving plate 109 is lowered to a height lower than the top of the whole cleaning box 6 by using a third electric telescopic rod 114, the driving plate 109 can be driven to move by using the sliding table 113, the driving plate 109 pushes the whole cleaning box 6 to move to the rear end of the soaking pool 4, and then the driving plate 109 is reset to the front end of the soaking pool 4 to push the; so circulate, can push away a plurality of whole washing casees in proper order to the side of the fermentation vat rear and soak to form drunk shrimp.
After the crayfish in the overall cleaning box 6 is soaked in the soaking pool 4, the rotary frame 94 of the second transfer device 115 is used for driving the grabbing disc 102 to rotate and move to the position right above the last overall cleaning box 6 in the soaking pool 4, the grabbing disc 102 is then lowered to the top of the overall cleaning box 6 by using the lifting seat 99 and drives the mechanical hand grip 103 to grab the fixed handle 72 of the overall cleaning box 6, the overall cleaning box 6 is grabbed, then the overall cleaning box 6 is lifted by using the lifting seat 99 and rotates to the position above the liquid sprinkling pool 116 by using the rotary frame 94, and liquid sprinkling operation is carried out on the soaked overall cleaning box 6 and the crayfish; after the liquid is sprayed, the rotating frame 94 continues to rotate to the position above the drunk shrimp collecting box, and the worker removes the box bottom cover 68 from the cleaning box body 65, so that the drunk shrimps formed by soaking the cleaning cylinders 67 can be discharged into the drunk shrimp collecting box 117 to be transported to the next processing procedure of the drunk shrimps; the disassembled bottom cover 68 is placed into the tank body cleaning pool 12 to be cleaned, the rotating frame 94 continues to drive the cleaning tank body 65 to rotate to the position above the tank body cleaning pool 118, the cleaning tank body 65 is lowered into the tank body cleaning pool 118 through the lifting seat 99, workers clean the cleaning tank body 65 and the bottom cover 68, and after cleaning is finished, the bottom cover 68 is installed at the bottom of the cleaning tank body 65; the lifting seat 99 is used for lifting the integral cleaning box 6 and continuously rotating to the tail end of the second belt conveyor 119, then after the mechanical gripper 103 of the second transfer device 115 puts down the integral cleaning box 6, the rotating frame 94 continuously rotates and resets to be right above the rear end of the soaking pool 4, and the integral cleaning box 6 placed on the second belt conveyor 119 is conveyed to the integral cleaning area 10 of the cleaning workbench 1 for recycling.

Claims (4)

1. A equipment for cray washs in batches and soaks which characterized in that: the crayfish belly cleaning device comprises a transversely-distributed cleaning workbench, a water sprinkling tank, a longitudinally-distributed air drying and conveying device, a soaking tank, a first transfer device and a plurality of integral cleaning boxes, wherein the soaking tank is longitudinally distributed and filled with soaking liquid; the cleaning workbench is also fixedly provided with a portal frame which spans over the framing area, the belly cleaning area and the integral cleaning area, the portal frame suspends a loading assembly through a transverse moving, lifting and rotating driving assembly, and the loading assembly is detachably provided with a plurality of fixing splint components for fixing the crayfish in a mode that the belly of the crayfish is exposed outwards;
the first transfer device can grab an integral cleaning box, the integral cleaning box moves from the integral cleaning pool to the water spraying pool in a rotating mode and from the water spraying pool to the front end of the air drying transmission device in a rotating mode, and the moving track of the integral cleaning box passing through the integral cleaning pool, the water spraying pool and the front end of the air drying transmission device in sequence under the action of the first transfer device is arc-shaped; the front end of the soaking pool is positioned at the rear side of the rear end of the air drying transmission device;
a first partition board is transversely fixed at the lower part of the abdomen cleaning pool, and divides an inner cavity of the abdomen cleaning pool into an abdomen cleaning chamber positioned at the upper part and a first control chamber positioned at the lower part; the abdomen cleaning component comprises four cleaning cylinder parts and four water spraying components, the four cleaning cylinder parts are distributed around the abdomen cleaning chamber in a surrounding manner, and an accommodating space for the loading component to rotate is defined by the four cleaning cylinder parts; wash barrel spare including the washing barrel of rotatable vertical distribution, encircle and fix the washing brush on the lateral wall outside the washing barrel, the subassembly is washd to belly still including fixed connection in washing barrel bottom and be used for the drive to wash the rotatory first rotating electrical machines of barrel, and this first rotating electrical machines is fixed in first control room.
2. The apparatus for batch cleaning soaking of crayfish as claimed in claim 1, wherein: the water spray assembly comprises a water spray plate which is vertically fixed in the belly cleaning chamber, a plurality of layers of water spray nozzles which are vertically fixed on the water spray plate and spray water towards the containing space, a water spray pipe which is fixed in the water spray plate and is communicated with each water spray nozzle, and an electric water pump of which the output end is communicated with the water spray pipe and the input end is communicated with a water source.
3. The apparatus for batch cleaning soaking of crayfish as claimed in claim 1, wherein: still including a second transfer device, a drench the liquid pond, a drunk shrimp collecting box, a box that are used for collecting the soak that drenches and wash pond, a longitudinal distribution's second belt conveyor, second transfer device can snatch a whole washing case that is located the soak and do circular rotation and move ground and pass through the soak pond rear end in proper order, drench the liquid pond, drunk shrimp collecting box, box and wash pond, second belt conveyor rear end.
4. The apparatus for batch cleaning soaking of crayfish as claimed in claim 3, wherein: and a fourth drainage pipeline communicated with the inner cavity of the drenching pool and provided with a control valve is fixed on the drenching pool.
CN201810864712.6A 2018-08-01 2018-08-01 Equipment for cleaning and soaking crayfishes in batches CN108887369B (en)

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