CN108880454A - It is a kind of convenient for agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module - Google Patents

It is a kind of convenient for agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108880454A
CN108880454A CN201810587404.3A CN201810587404A CN108880454A CN 108880454 A CN108880454 A CN 108880454A CN 201810587404 A CN201810587404 A CN 201810587404A CN 108880454 A CN108880454 A CN 108880454A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
glass plate
light
scattering light
silicon solar
scattering
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CN201810587404.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐永锋
汤叶华
王孟
施成军
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欧贝黎新能源科技股份有限公司
浙江省太阳能产品质量检验中心
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Priority to CN201810587404.3A priority Critical patent/CN108880454A/en
Publication of CN108880454A publication Critical patent/CN108880454A/en

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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21SNON-PORTABLE LIGHTING DEVICES; SYSTEMS THEREOF; VEHICLE LIGHTING DEVICES SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR VEHICLE EXTERIORS
    • F21S9/00Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply
    • F21S9/02Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator
    • F21S9/03Lighting devices with a built-in power supply; Systems employing lighting devices with a built-in power supply the power supply being a battery or accumulator rechargeable by exposure to light
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F21LIGHTING
    • F21VFUNCTIONAL FEATURES OR DETAILS OF LIGHTING DEVICES OR SYSTEMS THEREOF; STRUCTURAL COMBINATIONS OF LIGHTING DEVICES WITH OTHER ARTICLES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F21V33/00Structural combinations of lighting devices with other articles, not otherwise provided for
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F25REFRIGERATION OR COOLING; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT PUMP SYSTEMS; MANUFACTURE OR STORAGE OF ICE; LIQUEFACTION SOLIDIFICATION OF GASES
    • F25BREFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS; COMBINED HEATING AND REFRIGERATION SYSTEMS; HEAT-PUMP SYSTEMS
    • F25B27/00Machines, plant, or systems, using particular sources of energy
    • F25B27/002Machines, plant, or systems, using particular sources of energy using solar energy
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/20Optical components
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/30Electrical components
    • H02S40/36Electrical components characterised by special electrical interconnection means between two or more PV modules, e.g. electrical module-to-module connection
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02SGENERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER BY CONVERSION OF INFRA-RED RADIATION, VISIBLE LIGHT OR ULTRAVIOLET LIGHT, e.g. USING PHOTOVOLTAIC [PV] MODULES
    • H02S40/00Components or accessories in combination with PV modules, not provided for in groups H02S10/00 - H02S30/00
    • H02S40/40Thermal components
    • H02S40/42Cooling means
    • H02S40/425Cooling means using a gaseous or a liquid coolant, e.g. air flow ventilation, water circulation

Abstract

This hair provide it is a kind of be made of convenient for agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module 6 groups of battery strings, wherein 3 groups are serially connected by 10 cell pieces, be in addition serially connected by 6 cell pieces for 3 groups.By part in groups of arranging after the different battery strings spaced series of two classes, 12 transparent areas are reserved on component, sunlight is set to become plant growth daylighting window or channel through component, and the photovoltaic module back side is provided with runner, it is circulated for cryogenic fluid to reduce component temperature and improve assembly operating stability, guarantee output power, realizes that photovoltaic system has high transfer efficiency.

Description

It is a kind of convenient for agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module

The invention belongs to agricultural greenhouse production application technical fields, and in particular to a kind of photovoltaic group of agriculture light/fishing light complementation Part and its application method on agricultural greenhouse.

Background technique

" light is complementary " is a kind of technology for combining agricultural planting or aquaculture and solar energy power generating, referred to as For " agriculture light is complementary " or " fishing light is complementary ", the increment of soil three-dimensional may be implemented and utilize, the comprehensive warp of construction modern agriculture with high efficiency Help body.The characteristics of zero-emission pollution-free using solar energy power generating, combines with agricultural planting or aquaculture structure, big It is partly or entirely laid with photovoltaic module on the sunny slope of canopy, photovoltaic power generation purpose is realized under the conditions of being not take up soil, and promote The growth of crops creates better economic benefit and social benefit.

But the universal translucency of standard photovoltaic module is lower at present or does not have translucency, polycrystalline silicon solar cell is usually by 6 Group solar battery string is serially connected compositions, influence of the one bypass diode reduction hot spot effect of every 20 parallel connections to component or Damage.It is in series to share 60 cell pieces for every piece of crystalline silicon solar cell modules as a result, since crystalline silicon substrate is nontransparent Substance, and the distance between cell piece about 2mm on general components, for agricultural, (such as greenhouse crops, greenhouse cultivate this component Deng) utilization has side effect, and agricultural greenhouse is required by higher translucency, sunlight, which blocks, is detrimental to plant growth, back The photovoltaic module of scape technology is on agricultural greenhouse using there are many obstacles:It, cannot be effective if laying particular emphasis on crop growth It is generated electricity using space;If stressing photovoltaic power generation, crop growth is just influenced;Greenhouse natural lighting is hidden by photovoltaic module cell piece Gear, winter frost and snow have an effect on effective generating dutation.In addition, standard photovoltaic module heat insulation effect is poor, winter is influenced nature by weather The daylighting time is too short, cannot effectively carry out photosynthesis, meanwhile, in summer, the temperature of photovoltaic module is higher, incident photon-to-electron conversion efficiency It is lower.

Summary of the invention

The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of convenient for agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module and its answering on agricultural greenhouse With method, using the high light transmittance ratio glass with diffusing scattering function, photovoltaic module is made of 6 groups of battery strings, wherein 3 groups by 10 Cell piece is serially connected, and is in addition serially connected by 6 cell pieces for 3 groups.It will be arranged into after the different battery strings spaced series of two classes Component reserves 12 transparent areas on component, and sunlight is enable to become plant growth daylighting window or channel through component, increases Glazed area, makes in greenhouse that shadow-free blocks in one day effective light application time;And the crystal silicon solar batteries back side is provided with Runner has cryogenic fluid that can prevent over-heating in summer from keeping conversion efficiency of solar cell relatively low in runner;To realize effectively benefit It is generated electricity with space, light source is provided, improve light application time, promote crop growth, effectively solving winter frost and snow influences effectively power generation The problem of time and standard photovoltaic module heat insulation effect difference.

In order to solve the above problem existing for background technique, the technical scheme is that:

A kind of photovoltaic module of agriculture light/fishing light complementation, comprising scattering light glass plate, crystal silicon solar batteries, graphene film, Carbon fiber heats band, vacuum heat-insulating layer and LED light supplement lamp band, and the crystal silicon solar batteries back side is provided with runner, in runner There is cryogenic fluid, the working medium is circulated by heat pump system driving;The scattering light glass plate includes scattering light glass plate one With scattering light glass plate two, the scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass plate two are arranged in parallel in crystal silicon solar batteries Upper and lower two sides;The graphene film includes graphene film one and graphene film two, and the setting of graphene film one is in scattering light glass Between glass plate one and crystal silicon solar batteries;The carbon fiber heat band setting scattering light glass plate one and graphene film one it Between;The setting of graphene film two is between scattering light glass plate two and crystal silicon solar batteries;The photovoltaic module back side is provided with Runner is the heat dissipation channel of photovoltaic module;The lower section of the scattering light glass plate two is equipped with vacuum heat-insulating layer;The vacuum heat-preserving LED light supplement lamp band is equipped in layer.

The crystal silicon solar batteries back side is provided with runner, has cryogenic fluid in the runner, by a heat pump system There is provided power recycles working medium in runner.The heat pump system includes the water tank sequentially connected by pipeline closed, evaporation Device, expansion valve, water pump, throttle valve, liquid storage device, condenser, four-way reversing valve, compressor, gas-liquid separator and inverse control one Machine, the outlet of the compressor connect the port A of the four-way reversing valve, the port B connection condensed system of the four-way reversing valve The entrance of system, the entrance of the outlet connection liquid storage device of the condenser system, the outlet of the liquid storage device is connect with throttle valve, described Throttle valve is connected with the entrance of evaporator, the port of four-way reversing valve described in the outlet of the pipeline of the evaporator C, the port D of the four-way reversing valve are connected to the entrance of the gas-liquid separator, described in the outlet of the gas-liquid separator The entrance of compressor;The condenser system includes condenser;The evaporator is coil pipe, is set to inside water tank;The pressure The input terminal of the delivery outlet connection four-way reversing valve of contracting machine, the output end of four-way reversing valve connect gas-liquid separator, the four-way The third output end of reversal valve connects the input terminal of the compressor, is respectively set in the connecting pipe of the gas-liquid separator Throttle valve, while expansion valve is set in the formulation position of pipeline.

The scattering light glass plate is equipped with by high light transmission glass plate and astigmatism module composition, the lower surface of high light transmission glass plate Multiple astigmatism modules;The astigmatism module is convex lens structures, and multiple astigmatism modules are evenly arranged the following table of high light transmission glass plate Face is integrally formed with high light transmission glass plate, improves glazed area.

The crystal silicon solar batteries are several square plates, are arranged at scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass It between plate two, is alternatively arranged, has not only guaranteed crystal silicon solar batteries daylighting, but also guarantee greenhouse daylighting.Vacuum heat-insulating layer is improved and is protected Hold temperature in greenhouse, humidity;Under cold conditions, when photovoltaic module surface is by snow and ice cover, the carbon fiber of energization is heated Band increases scattering light glass plate hull-skin temperature, accelerates ice dissolution speed, saves the trouble manually to remove the snow, can be improved simultaneously Temperature in greenhouse.

The photovoltaic module and the application method on agricultural greenhouse of a kind of agriculture light/fishing light complementation, comprise the following steps:

A kind of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module is mounted at the top of agricultural booth, which includes Scattering light glass plate, crystal silicon solar batteries, graphene film, carbon fiber heat band, vacuum heat-insulating layer and LED light supplement lamp band, institute It states the crystal silicon solar batteries back side and is provided with runner, have cryogenic fluid in the runner, providing power by a heat pump system makes Working medium recycles in runner.The heat pump system include the water tank sequentially connected by pipeline closed, evaporator, expansion valve, Water pump, throttle valve, liquid storage device, condenser, four-way reversing valve, compressor, gas-liquid separator and inverse control all-in-one machine, the compression The outlet of machine connects the port A of the four-way reversing valve, the entrance of the port B connection condenser system of the four-way reversing valve, institute The entrance of the outlet connection liquid storage device of condenser system is stated, the outlet of the liquid storage device is connect with throttle valve, the throttle valve and steaming The entrance of hair device is connected, the port C of four-way reversing valve described in the outlet of the pipeline of the evaporator, the four-way The port D of reversal valve is connected to the entrance of the gas-liquid separator, and compressor described in the outlet of the gas-liquid separator enters Mouthful;The condenser system includes condenser;The evaporator is coil pipe, is set to inside water tank;The output of the compressor The input terminal of mouthful connection four-way reversing valve, the output end of four-way reversing valve connect gas-liquid separator, and the of the four-way reversing valve Three output ends connect the input terminal of the compressor, throttle valve are respectively set in the connecting pipe of the gas-liquid separator, together When pipeline formulation position be arranged expansion valve.

The scattering light glass plate includes scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass plate two, the scattering light glass plate One is arranged in parallel in the two sides up and down of crystal silicon solar batteries with scattering light glass plate two;The graphene film includes graphene Film one and graphene film two, the setting of graphene film one is between scattering light glass plate one and crystal silicon solar batteries;It is described Carbon fiber heats band setting between scattering light glass plate one and graphene film one;The setting of graphene film two is in scattering light glass Between glass plate two and crystal silicon solar batteries;The lower section of the scattering light glass plate two is equipped with vacuum heat-insulating layer;The vacuum is protected The interior of warm layer is equipped with LED light supplement lamp band;The scattering light glass plate is by high light transmission glass plate and astigmatism module composition, high light transmission glass The lower surface of glass plate is equipped with multiple astigmatism modules;The astigmatism module is convex lens structures, and multiple astigmatism modules are evenly arranged height The lower surface of light transmission glass plate is integrally formed with high light transmission glass plate;The crystal silicon solar batteries are several square plates, Every being arranged between scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass plate two, it is alternatively arranged.

The scattering light glass plate of the top of photovoltaic module carries out diffusing reflection to sunlight, improves effective illumination in greenhouse Area improves photosynthetic efficiency, while promoting the rate that is illuminated by the light of crystal silicon solar batteries, improves generating efficiency;The crystal silicon sun Energy battery interval arrangement, while improving light transmittance, under the influence of scattering light glass plate, generated energy is positively maintained;Sun Energy battery is several square plates, is arranged between scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass plate two, is alternatively arranged;Very Empty insulating layer improves and keeps temperature in greenhouse, humidity.

Under cold conditions, when photovoltaic module surface is by snow and ice cover, the carbon fiber of energization, which heats band, to be made to scatter light glass Plate hull-skin temperature increases, and accelerates ice dissolution speed, saves the trouble manually to remove the snow, while can be improved warm in greenhouse Degree;Photovoltaic module the lowermost LED light supplement lamp band provides light source, improves light application time, promotes crop growth.

Beneficial effects of the present invention:The independent coil pipe that condenser side of the invention is placed with conducive to heat dissipation, the condensation The independent coil pipe of system connects renewable energy conversion system, convenient for the energy between condenser and renewable energy system Exchange, improves the thermal efficiency of heating system, while reducing renewable energy application system temperature, improves renewable energy system Transfer efficiency;It is equidistantly placed with cooling fin on coil pipe of the invention, at least one fan is installed in independent coil pipe side, to add Energy exchange between fast independent coil pipe and condenser improves system whole efficiency while improving energy conversion efficiency.Pass through This system collects renewable energy abundant, and is used to utilize solar energy by the heat transfer of photovoltaic module and heat collector, is The power generation of user provides new thinking and guarantee, while providing cooling and heating load to the heat recovery of condensed water for user, The system is substantially better than conventional fossil feedstock system in terms of pollutant emission, realizes the mesh of zero-emission substantially to environment , there is biggish environmental benefit.

Structure is simple, energy-efficient, clean and environmental protection, makes full use of solar energy, and sunlight is big in any angle injection greenhouse Canopy provides light source by the diffusing reflection function of the layer glass of photovoltaic module, improves light application time, improves photosynthetic efficiency, Promote crop growth, while realizing the power generation of effective use space.Solving winter frost and snow influences effective generating dutation, standard photovoltaic The problems such as component heat insulation effect is poor.When summer sunshine is strong, sunshading and temperature reducing effect may also function as.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is present invention scattering light glass plate schematic cross-sectional view;

Fig. 2 is crystal silicon solar batteries planar alignment schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is heat pump system structural schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is condenser structure schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is coil arrangement schematic diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 7 is the connection schematic diagram of four-way reversing valve of the invention.

In figure:High light transmission glass plate 1, astigmatism module 2, scattering light glass plate 1, crystal silicon solar batteries 4, graphene film One 5, graphene film 26, scattering light glass plate 27, carbon fiber heat band 8, vacuum heat-insulating layer 9, LED light supplement lamp band 10, water storage Case 11, evaporator 12, expansion valve 13, water pump 14, throttle valve 15, liquid storage device 16, condenser 17, four-way reversing valve 18, compressor 19, gas-liquid separator 20, inverse control all-in-one machine 21.

Specific embodiment

Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, the invention will be further described.

A kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation includes scattering light glass plate, crystal silicon solar batteries 4, stone Black alkene film, carbon fiber heat band 8, vacuum heat-insulating layer 9 and LED light supplement lamp band 10, and the scattering light glass plate includes scattering light glass Glass plate 1 and scattering light glass plate 27,4 back side of crystal silicon solar batteries are provided with runner, are equipped with working medium, institute in runner Working medium is stated to be circulated in runner by heat pump system offer power.The heat pump system includes sequentially being connected by pipeline closed Water tank 11, evaporator 12, expansion valve 13, water pump 14, throttle valve 15, liquid storage device 16, condenser 17, four-way reversing valve 18, Compressor 19, gas-liquid separator 20 and inverse control all-in-one machine 21, the outlet of the compressor 19 connect the four-way reversing valve 18 Port A, the entrance of the port B connection condenser system of the four-way reversing valve 18, the outlet of the condenser system connects liquid storage The outlet of the entrance of device, the liquid storage device 16 is connect with throttle valve 15, the entrance phase of the throttle valve 15 and evaporator 12 It connects, the port C of four-way reversing valve 18 described in the outlet of the pipeline of the evaporator 12, the end of the four-way reversing valve 18 Mouth D is connected to the entrance of the gas-liquid separator 20, the entrance of compressor 19 described in the outlet of the gas-liquid separator 20;Institute Stating condenser system includes condenser 17;The evaporator 12 is coil pipe, is set to inside water tank 11;The compressor 19 it is defeated The input terminal of outlet connection four-way reversing valve 18, the output end of four-way reversing valve 18 connect gas-liquid separator 20, and the four-way changes The input terminal that the compressor 19 is connected to the third output end of valve 18, in the connecting pipe of the gas-liquid separator 20 respectively Throttle valve 15 is set, while expansion valve 13 is set in the formulation position of pipeline;The condenser system includes condenser 17, described cold Active heat radiating device is installed, the active heat radiating device is air cooling equipment, and the air cooling equipment is in condenser on condenser 17 17 sides are placed with the independent coil pipe for being conducive to heat dissipation, wait on the independent coil pipe away from cooling fin is placed with, in independent coil pipe side Fan is installed, to accelerate the energy exchange between independent coil pipe and condenser.

Preferably, the cooling fin is aluminium alloy heat radiator, a piece of copper sheet is embedded on pedestal.The thermal conductivity of copper is good, But price is more expensive, and difficulty of processing is higher, and weight is excessive, and thermal capacity is smaller, and easy to oxidize.And fine aluminium is too soft, it cannot be direct Use, be all using aluminium alloy enough hardness could be provided, the advantages of aluminium alloy is cheap, light-weight but thermally conductive Property will be far short of what is expected than copper, so combined in the present invention using the two, utmostly remain cooling fin heat absorption capacity and Capacity of heat transmission.

Furthermore, in above-mentioned technical proposal, the fan of the independent coil pipe side installation is at least 1, according to only The size of vertical plate pipe may be configured as multiple.

The outlet of the compressor 19 connects the port A, the port B of the four-way reversing valve 18 of the four-way reversing valve 18 Connect condenser system entrance, the condenser system outlet connection liquid storage device 16 entrance, the outlet of the liquid storage device 16 with Throttle valve 15 connects, and the throttle valve 15 is connected with the entrance of evaporator 12, the outlet of the pipeline of the evaporator 12 It is connected to the port C of the four-way reversing valve 18, the port D of the four-way reversing valve 18 is connected to entering for the gas-liquid separator 20 Mouthful, the entrance of compressor 19 described in the outlet of the gas-liquid separator 20.

In some embodiments, a kind of distributed luminous energy quadri-generation system, the side of the throttle valve are equipped with water pump, institute Water pump 14 is stated to be connected with water tank 11.

Furthermore, in above-mentioned technical proposal, the throttle valve 15 is adjustable throttle valve, adjustable section Flowing valve 15 includes needle and spool, and the needle and spool are manufactured using hard alloy, and product is designed by API6A standard, is had Wear-resisting, flushing resistance.

Furthermore, in above-mentioned technical proposal, temperature control system and automatic loading water system are provided on the water tank.

Furthermore, in above-mentioned technical proposal, the thermal energy in air is constantly sent in water, makes to protect in water tank 11 Water temperature gradually rise, the water in water tank 11 is maintained at 0~95 DEG C, and water of the temperature detect switch (TDS) in water tank 11 is more than 95 DEG C When, the automatic water excluded in water tank 11 to hot water storage recyclable device, then water pump, which will pump cold water, makes temperature to system cooling Degree is lower than 95 DEG C.

In some embodiments, a kind of distributed luminous energy quadri-generation system also provides a kind of solar tracking device, described Solar tracking device includes solar photovoltaic assembly, battery, battery charging circuit;For realizing the photoelectric conversion of solar energy And energy stores, the solar photovoltaic assembly are connected to the battery by battery charging circuit.The photovoltaic group Solar energy sun-following system is installed, the solar energy sun-following system includes bracket, direction-control apparatus, photoelectric sensor on part; By installing photoelectric sensor and direction-control apparatus on the frame of solar photovoltaic assembly, renewable energy is enabled to turn It changes and is rotated using system around the maximum angle shined upon, so that the utilization to solar energy reaches maximization.

In some embodiments, a kind of distributed luminous energy quadri-generation system, the system comprises wind wheel, generator, storages Battery, battery charging circuit;It is connected for realizing the wind-powered electricity generation conversion of wind energy and energy stores, the wind wheel with generator, sends out Motor is connected to the battery by control system battery charging circuit, and the wind wheel is mounted on bracket.

In some embodiments, a kind of distributed luminous energy quadri-generation system, is equipped with the circuit of fan and photovoltaic system It is connected, providing electric energy by photovoltaic system reduces the heat of condenser to rotate fan, optimal, the fan installation There is spraying device, can cool down to greatest extent to system.

In some embodiments, a kind of distributed luminous energy quadri-generation system, the evaporator 12 are the steaming of water tank immersion Device is sent out, the evaporator 12 includes insulation shell, liquid bath, agitating device, refrigeration liquid pipeline, motor and chassis;The insulation cladding Body is fixed on chassis, and the liquid bath is located in insulation shell, and the refrigeration liquid pipeline spirals in liquid bath, the refrigeration liquid pipe Road end extends to and carries out heat exchange in compressor 19, and agitating device is equipped in the middle part of the liquid bath, and the agitating device turns The end of axis is stretched out outside insulation shell, is driven by being mounted on the motor outside insulation shell, the insulation cladding of the evaporator 12 The sidewall upper of body is provided with water inlet, lower end is provided with discharge outlet, filled with coolant liquid in liquid bath.

Furthermore, in above-mentioned technical proposal, a kind of distribution luminous energy quadri-generation system, the coolant liquid is R410A.

In some embodiments, a kind of distributed luminous energy quadri-generation system, 12 entrance of evaporator are connected with Expansion valve 6, the expansion valve are electric expansion valve.

In some embodiments, a kind of distributed luminous energy quadri-generation system, above-mentioned heat pump are connected photovoltaic system and are provided Electric energy after, the fan on condenser 17 starts running, and condenser 12 is started to work, and outdoor air carries out heat by evaporator 12 Exchange, temperature reduce after air by fan discharge system, meanwhile, the heat absorption of working medium evaporator 17 inside, which vaporizes, is inhaled into compression Machine 19, compressor 19 are connect with the face A of four-way reversing valve 18, by this low pressure working fluid gas compression at high temperature, high pressure gas, warp Condenser 17 is sent into the face B of four-way reversing valve 18, and then working medium is cooled into the refrigerant of the gas-liquid mixed of low-temp low-pressure, the gas Compressor 19 is again flowed into after the expanded throttling of valve 6 cooling of the refrigerant of liquid mixing, is changed in evaporator 12 with cooled medium After heat, refrigerant absorbs heat the gaseous refrigerant to form low-temp low-pressure through evaporating, and flows into the C port of four-way reversing valve 18, passes through The port D of four-way reversing valve 18 enters gas-liquid separator 20, carries out gas-liquid separation.Last gas working medium enters compressor 19, Cycle operation repeatedly, the thermal energy in air are constantly sent in water, and the water temperature protected in water tank 11 is gradually risen;Most Excellent, the hot water of water tank is subsequently recycled into fan coil, finally to user's heating or domestic water.

The scattering light glass plate 1 and scatter light glass plate 27 is arranged in parallel in crystal silicon solar batteries 4 up and down two Side;The graphene film includes graphene film 1 and graphene film 26, and the setting of graphene film 1 is in scattering light glass Between plate 1 and crystal silicon solar batteries 4;The carbon fiber heats the setting of band 8 in scattering light glass plate 1 and graphene film one Between 5;The setting of graphene film 26 is between scattering light glass plate 27 and crystal silicon solar batteries 4;The scattering light glass The lower section of glass plate 27 is equipped with vacuum heat-insulating layer 9;LED light supplement lamp band 10 is equipped in the vacuum heat-insulating layer 9.

The scattering light glass plate is made of high light transmission glass plate 1 and astigmatism module 2, and the lower surface of high light transmission glass plate is set There are multiple astigmatism modules;The astigmatism module is convex lens structures, and multiple astigmatism modules are evenly arranged under high light transmission glass plate Surface is integrally formed with high light transmission glass plate, improves glazed area.

The crystal silicon solar batteries 4 are several square plates, are arranged at scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass It between glass plate two, is alternatively arranged, has not only guaranteed crystal silicon solar batteries daylighting, but also guarantee greenhouse daylighting.

The photovoltaic module and the application method on agricultural greenhouse of a kind of agriculture light/fishing light complementation, comprise the following steps:

A kind of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module is mounted at the top of agricultural booth, which includes Scattering light glass plate, crystal silicon solar batteries 4, graphene film, carbon fiber heat band 8, vacuum heat-insulating layer 9 and LED light supplement lamp band 10,4 back side of crystal silicon solar batteries is provided with runner, and working medium is equipped in runner, and the working medium is provided dynamic by heat pump system Power circulates in runner.The heat pump system includes the water tank 11 sequentially connected by pipeline closed, evaporator 12, swollen Swollen valve 13, water pump 14, throttle valve 15, liquid storage device 16, condenser 17, four-way reversing valve 18, compressor 19, gas-liquid separator 20 with And inverse control all-in-one machine 21, the outlet of the compressor 19 connect the port A of the four-way reversing valve 18, the four-way reversing valve 18 Port B connection condenser system entrance, the condenser system outlet connection liquid storage device entrance, the liquid storage device 16 go out Mouth is connect with throttle valve 15, and the throttle valve 15 is connected with the entrance of evaporator 12, the pipeline of the evaporator 12 The port C of four-way reversing valve 18 described in outlet, the port D of the four-way reversing valve 18 are connected to the gas-liquid separator 20 Entrance, the entrance of compressor 19 described in the outlet of the gas-liquid separator 20;The condenser system includes condenser 17;Institute Stating evaporator 12 is coil pipe, is set to inside water tank 11;The delivery outlet of the compressor 19 connects the defeated of four-way reversing valve 18 Enter end, the output end of four-way reversing valve 18 connects gas-liquid separator 20, and the third output end of the four-way reversing valve 18 connects institute Throttle valve 15 is respectively set in the connecting pipe of the gas-liquid separator 20 in the input terminal for stating compressor 19, while in pipeline Formulation position be arranged expansion valve 13;The scattering light glass plate comprising scattering light glass plate 1 and scatters light glass plate 27, The scattering light glass plate 1 and scattering light glass plate 27 are arranged in parallel in the two sides up and down of crystal silicon solar batteries 4;It is described Graphene film includes graphene film 1 and graphene film 26, and the setting of graphene film 1 is in scattering one 3 He of light glass plate Between crystal silicon solar batteries 4;The carbon fiber heats the setting of band 8 between scattering light glass plate 1 and graphene film 1; The setting of graphene film 26 is between scattering light glass plate 27 and crystal silicon solar batteries 4;The scattering light glass plate 27 Lower section be equipped with vacuum heat-insulating layer 9;LED light supplement lamp band 10 is equipped in the vacuum heat-insulating layer 9;The scattering light glass plate is by height Light transmission glass plate 1 and astigmatism module 2 are constituted, and the lower surface of high light transmission glass plate is equipped with multiple astigmatism modules;The astigmatism module For convex lens structures, multiple astigmatism modules are evenly arranged the lower surface of high light transmission glass plate, are integrally formed with high light transmission glass plate; The crystal silicon solar batteries 4 be several square plates, be arranged at scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass plate two it Between, it is alternatively arranged;The scattering light glass plate of photovoltaic module top carries out diffusing reflection to sunlight, improves effective light in greenhouse It shows up product, improves photosynthetic efficiency, while promoting the rate that is illuminated by the light of crystal silicon solar batteries, improve generating efficiency;Crystal silicon is too Positive energy battery interval arrangement, while improving light transmittance, under the influence of scattering light glass plate, generated energy is positively maintained; Positive energy battery is several square plates, is arranged between scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass plate two, is alternatively arranged; Vacuum heat-insulating layer improves and keeps temperature in greenhouse, humidity;

Under cold conditions, when photovoltaic module surface is by snow and ice cover, the carbon fiber of energization, which heats band, to be made to scatter light glass Plate hull-skin temperature increases, and accelerates ice dissolution speed, saves the trouble manually to remove the snow, while can be improved warm in greenhouse Degree;During the broiling summer, the runner at the crystal silicon solar batteries back side, working medium therein can be rapidly to the photovoltaic panel drop of overheat Temperature, thus be photovoltaic panel photoelectric conversion efficiency holding stabilization, meanwhile, extra hot water can heat and domestic water.

Photovoltaic module the lowermost LED light supplement lamp band provides light source, improves light application time, can be by adjusting the photoperiod Method control nutrient growth or the reproductive growth of plant.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module, it is characterised in that:By scattering light glass plate, crystal silicon solar Battery (4), heat pump system, graphene film, carbon fiber heat band (8), vacuum heat-insulating layer (9) and LED light supplement lamp band (10) composition, Crystal silicon solar batteries (4) back side is provided with runner, is equipped with working medium in runner, the working medium provides power by heat pump system It is circulated in runner.The heat pump system include the water tank (11) sequentially connected by pipeline closed, evaporator (12), Expansion valve (13), water pump (14), throttle valve (15), liquid storage device (16), condenser (17), four-way reversing valve (18), compressor (19), gas-liquid separator (20) and inverse control all-in-one machine (21), the outlet of the compressor (19) connect the four-way reversing valve (18) outlet of port A, the entrance of the port B connection condenser system of the four-way reversing valve (18), the condenser system connect The entrance of liquid storage device is connect, the outlet of the liquid storage device (16) is connect with throttle valve (15), the throttle valve (15) and evaporator (12) entrance is connected, the port C of four-way reversing valve (18) described in the outlet of the pipeline of the evaporator (12), The port D of the four-way reversing valve (18) is connected to the entrance of the gas-liquid separator (20), and the gas-liquid separator (20) goes out Mouth is connected to the entrance of the compressor (19);The condenser system includes condenser (17);The evaporator (12) is coil pipe, if It is internal to be placed in water tank (11);The input terminal of delivery outlet connection four-way reversing valve (18) of the compressor (19), four-way commutation The output end of valve (18) connects gas-liquid separator (20), and the third output end of the four-way reversing valve (18) connects the compressor (19) throttle valve (15) are respectively set in input terminal in the connecting pipe of the gas-liquid separator (20), while in pipeline Formulate position setting expansion valve (13);The scattering light glass plate includes scattering light glass plate one (3) and scattering light glass plate two (7), scattering light glass plate one (3) and scattering light glass plate two (7) are arranged in parallel in the upper and lower of crystal silicon solar batteries (4) Two sides;The graphene film, includes graphene film one (5) and graphene film two (6), and graphene film one (5) setting is dissipating It penetrates between light glass plate one (3) and crystal silicon solar batteries (4);The carbon fiber heats band (8) setting in scattering light glass plate Between one (3) and graphene film one (5);Graphene film two (6) setting is in scattering light glass plate two (7) and crystal silicon solar Between battery (4);The lower section of scattering light glass plate two (7) is equipped with vacuum heat-insulating layer (9);In the vacuum heat-insulating layer (9) Equipped with LED light supplement lamp band (10).
2. a kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to dissipate It penetrates light glass plate to be made of high light transmission glass plate (1) and astigmatism module (2), the lower surface of high light transmission glass plate is equipped with multiple astigmatism Module;The astigmatism module is convex lens structures, and multiple astigmatism modules are evenly arranged the lower surface of high light transmission glass plate, saturating with height Light glass plate is integrally formed.
3. a kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:It is described Scattering light glass plate is made of high light transmission glass plate (1) and astigmatism module (2), and the lower surface of high light transmission glass plate is equipped with multiple dissipate Optical module;The astigmatism module is convex lens structures, and multiple astigmatism modules are evenly arranged the lower surface of high light transmission glass plate, with height Light transmission glass plate is integrally formed, and improves glazed area.
4. a kind of agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module and the application method on agricultural greenhouse, it is characterised in that comprising as follows Step:A kind of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module is mounted at the top of agricultural booth, which includes scattering Light glass plate, crystal silicon solar batteries (4), graphene film, carbon fiber heat band (8), vacuum heat-insulating layer (9) and LED light supplement lamp Band (10), the scattering light glass plate include scattering light glass plate one (3) and scattering light glass plate two (7), the scattering light glass Glass plate one (3) and scattering light glass plate two (7) are arranged in parallel in the two sides up and down of crystal silicon solar batteries (4);The graphene Film includes graphene film one (5) and graphene film two (6), and graphene film one (5) setting is in scattering light glass plate one (3) Between crystal silicon solar batteries (4);The carbon fiber heats band (8) setting in scattering light glass plate one (3) and graphene film Between one (5);Graphene film two (6) setting is between scattering light glass plate two (7) and crystal silicon solar batteries (4);Institute The lower section for stating scattering light glass plate two (7) is equipped with vacuum heat-insulating layer (9);The interior of the vacuum heat-insulating layer (9) is equipped with LED light supplement lamp Band (10);The scattering light glass plate is made of high light transmission glass plate (1) and astigmatism module (2), the following table of high light transmission glass plate Face is equipped with multiple astigmatism modules;The astigmatism module is convex lens structures, and multiple astigmatism modules are evenly arranged high light transmission glass plate Lower surface, be integrally formed with high light transmission glass plate;The crystal silicon solar batteries (4) are several square plates, are alternatively arranged Between scattering light glass plate one and scattering light glass plate two, it is alternatively arranged;The scattering light glass plate pair of photovoltaic module top Sunlight carries out diffusing reflection, improves effective illuminating area in greenhouse, improves photosynthetic efficiency, while promoting crystal silicon solar Battery is illuminated by the light rate, improves generating efficiency;Crystal silicon solar batteries are alternatively arranged, while improving light transmittance, in scattering light Under the influence of glass plate, generated energy is positively maintained;Positive energy battery is several square plates, is arranged at scattering light glass Between plate one and scattering light glass plate two, it is alternatively arranged.
5. a kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The light Volt component the lowermost LED light supplement lamp band is explosion-proof platform lamp.
6. a kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The work Matter is R410A.
7. a kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described cold Active heat radiating device is installed, the active heat radiating device is air cooling equipment, the arrangement of condenser (17) side on condenser (17) Be conducive to the independent coil pipe of heat dissipation, the independent coil pipe of the condenser system is connected with renewable energy conversion system, institute It states and waits on independent coil pipe away from cooling fin is placed with, fan is installed in independent coil pipe side.
8. a kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The crystalline substance The rear surface of silicon solar cell is provided with tread plate, and tread plate is the component of EP rubbers material.
9. a kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The crystalline substance Device for monitoring temperature is provided with after silicon solar cell.
10. a kind of photovoltaic module of achievable agriculture light/fishing light complementation according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The storage Water tank (11) has automatic loading water system and temperature control system.
CN201810587404.3A 2018-06-08 2018-06-08 It is a kind of convenient for agriculture light/fishing light complementation photovoltaic module CN108880454A (en)

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CN108105907A (en) * 2017-03-01 2018-06-01 宁波港菱环境科技股份有限公司 A kind of hot water, air-conditioning, heating combined supply system
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CN1515850A (en) * 2003-08-28 2004-07-28 上海交通大学 Unit solar energy heat pump air conditioner and hot water system
CN1959299A (en) * 2006-11-09 2007-05-09 中国科学技术大学 Multifunctional integrative system of light-volt solar heat pump
CN202663872U (en) * 2012-08-10 2013-01-16 利丰农业发展股份有限公司 Movable type solar greenhouse
CN204373270U (en) * 2014-12-31 2015-06-03 上海新祁环境科技有限公司 PV air-conditioner Teat pump boiler
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