CN108870992A - A kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit - Google Patents

A kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108870992A
CN108870992A CN201810496915.4A CN201810496915A CN108870992A CN 108870992 A CN108870992 A CN 108870992A CN 201810496915 A CN201810496915 A CN 201810496915A CN 108870992 A CN108870992 A CN 108870992A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
flue gas
inlet pipe
shell
pipe
heat
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Granted
Application number
CN201810496915.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108870992B (en
Inventor
梁伟珍
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
FOSHAN HUAXIN CERAMICS MACHINERY Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Zhaoqing Zhong Nan Zhi Zhi Mdt Infotech Ltd
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Priority to CN201810496915.4A priority Critical patent/CN108870992B/en
Publication of CN108870992A publication Critical patent/CN108870992A/en
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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D17/00Arrangements for using waste heat; Arrangements for using, or disposing of, waste gases
    • F27D17/004Systems for reclaiming waste heat
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D53/00Separation of gases or vapours; Recovering vapours of volatile solvents from gases; Chemical or biological purification of waste gases, e.g. engine exhaust gases, smoke, fumes, flue gases, aerosols
    • B01D53/34Chemical or biological purification of waste gases
    • B01D53/74General processes for purification of waste gases; Apparatus or devices specially adapted therefor
    • B01D53/77Liquid phase processes
    • B01D53/78Liquid phase processes with gas-liquid contact
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/02Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating
    • C02F1/04Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation
    • C02F1/16Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by heating by distillation or evaporation using waste heat from other processes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F22STEAM GENERATION
    • F22BMETHODS OF STEAM GENERATION; STEAM BOILERS
    • F22B1/00Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method
    • F22B1/02Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method by exploitation of the heat content of hot heat carriers
    • F22B1/18Methods of steam generation characterised by form of heating method by exploitation of the heat content of hot heat carriers the heat carrier being a hot gas, e.g. waste gas such as exhaust gas of internal-combustion engines
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F27FURNACES; KILNS; OVENS; RETORTS
    • F27DDETAILS OR ACCESSORIES OF FURNACES, KILNS, OVENS, OR RETORTS, IN SO FAR AS THEY ARE OF KINDS OCCURRING IN MORE THAN ONE KIND OF FURNACE
    • F27D17/00Arrangements for using waste heat; Arrangements for using, or disposing of, waste gases
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D1/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators
    • F28D1/02Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid
    • F28D1/04Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits
    • F28D1/053Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary conduit assemblies for one heat-exchange medium only, the media being in contact with different sides of the conduit wall, in which the other heat-exchange medium is a large body of fluid, e.g. domestic or motor car radiators with heat-exchange conduits immersed in the body of fluid with tubular conduits the conduits being straight
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F1/00Tubular elements; Assemblies of tubular elements
    • F28F1/10Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses
    • F28F1/42Tubular elements and assemblies thereof with means for increasing heat-transfer area, e.g. with fins, with projections, with recesses the means being both outside and inside the tubular element
    • F28F1/424Means comprising outside portions integral with inside portions
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F19/00Preventing the formation of deposits or corrosion, e.g. by using filters or scrapers
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/26Arrangements for connecting different sections of heat-exchange elements, e.g. of radiators
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D2258/00Sources of waste gases
    • B01D2258/02Other waste gases
    • B01D2258/0283Flue gases
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2103/00Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated
    • C02F2103/18Nature of the water, waste water, sewage or sludge to be treated from the purification of gaseous effluents
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing units, including heat-exchanger rig, clean room and cold water inlet pipe, the heat-exchanger rig is connected with the clean room, and the clean room is connected by sewage inlet pipe with evaporator, condenser pipe is provided on the evaporator, and evaporator is connected with gas-liquid separator, cold water inlet pipe one end extends to inside the clean room, and the cold water inlet pipe other end is connected to the condensation seal of tube, and flange is fixed with second pressure pump respectively in condenser pipe and sewage inlet pipe and first pressure pumps.Entirety of the invention is made of heat-exchanger rig and clean room; the heat of flue gas can be absorbed in heat-exchanger rig; and reduce the temperature of flue gas; clean room can be dusted and neutralize to flue gas; the solid particle of flue gas can not only be separated, but also the harmful substance in flue gas can be purified, so that after flue gas is up to standard in being discharged into air; environment is effectively protected, it is practical.

Description

A kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit
Technical field
The present invention relates to fume treatment technical fields, handle in particular to a kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas Device.
Background technique
In existing mineral hot furnace kiln production process, furnace flue gas mainly uses air cooling technique direct emission, and waste heat energy is to fill Divide and utilize, cause a large amount of wastes of energy, be unfavorable for energy conservation, moreover, containing a large amount of granule foreign and having in furnace flue gas Evil substance, unprocessed direct emission pollute the environment, and are unfavorable for environmental protection, not very practical, and the use for not being able to satisfy people needs It asks, in view of the above defect existing in the prior art, it is necessary to be further improved, make it more for practicability, Cai Nengfu Close actual use situation.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to solve at least one of the technical problems existing in the prior art or related technologies.
Therefore, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing units.
The present invention provides a kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit, including heat-exchanger rig, clean room and cold Water inlet pipe, the heat-exchanger rig are connected with the clean room, and the clean room is connected by sewage inlet pipe with evaporator, Condenser pipe is provided on the evaporator, and evaporator is connected with gas-liquid separator, cold water inlet pipe one end extends to institute It states inside clean room, and the cold water inlet pipe other end is connected to the condensation seal of tube, and in condenser pipe and sewage inlet pipe respectively Flange is fixed with second pressure pump and first pressure pump, and the heat-exchanger rig includes:
Flue gas inlet pipe is ringent hollow cylinder in both ends, and flue gas inlet pipe is passed through from Heat Room, and cigarette It is welded with cooling fin on gas inlet pipe, there are three the Heat Room is equally distributed, and passes through connection between adjacent 2 Heat Rooms Pipe is connected, and the Heat Room in outside is communicated with water inlet pipe, while being connected by steam outlet pipe with evaporator between Heat Room Logical, the row's of being provided with steam is fanned in the steam outlet pipe.
The clean room includes:
First shell and second shell, first shell and second shell are communicated as one, and the connectivity part of the two is welded with Transverse slat, and the integral structure longitudinal section that the two is constituted is " U "-shaped, and the first shell is internally provided with dust-extraction unit sum aggregate Gas chamber, and being fixedly connected between dust-extraction unit and first shell for bolt, is provided with reaction plate below the collection chamber, and described the Two housing tips are equipped with exhaust blower,
The cold water inlet pipe includes:
Cabinet, cross section are in semi-annular shape, are welded on first shell inner wall, and cabinet is separated by partition in sealing Two parts, the cabinet of a portion is communicated with feed opening, and another part cabinet is connected with cold water inlet pipe, and two parts Cabinet is communicated with outlet pipe, and the outlet pipe is communicated with spray disk, and outlet pipe upper flange is fixed with third pressure pump.
Preferably, the flue gas inlet pipe and Heat Room sealing welding, and the both ends of flue gas inlet pipe are provided with fixed ring, and There is a rubber anti-corrosive lining in the inside of flue gas inlet pipe, and the longitudinal section of the fixed ring is in " Kan " shape, and fixed ring side inner wall and cigarette The outer wall of gas inlet pipe is detachably connected for screw thread, and annular offers ball grooves, the rubber on the inner wall of the fixed ring other side The fan-shaped structure in the longitudinal section of corrosion protective lining, and rubber anti-corrosive lining both ends have outwardly protruded and its strip consistent in length, institute It states and is provided with ball in ball grooves, and ball is in contact with rubber anti-corrosive lining surface.
Preferably, described cooling fin one end is located in flue gas inlet pipe, and one end is located at outside flue gas inlet pipe, and cooling fin is in a ring Array distribution, and the flue gas inlet pipe inner wall between adjacent 2 cooling fins fits with rubber anti-corrosive lining, while rubber anti-corrosive The strip at lining both ends is embedded in cooling fin.
Preferably, it is provided with electrostatic adsorption bar on the dust-extraction unit, and electrostatic adsorption bar extends to dust by through-hole Interior, and sealing ring is welded on the dust-extraction unit of electrostatic adsorption bar periphery, the dust storage chamber are in semi-annular shape, and dust storage chamber Top end surface offer with the consistent through-hole of electrostatic adsorption bar number, and dust storage chamber interior welds have a baffle, and the electrostatic is inhaled Attached stick is between adjacent 2 baffles, and electrostatic adsorption bar is uniformly distributed and connects and is integrated, and the sealing ring is embedded in dust In room, and seal gasket is bonded on sealing ring.
Preferably, the dust storage chamber is welded as a whole with collection chamber, and dust storage chamber Internal baffle and gas collection chamber outer wall weld, and And the gas collection chamber surface between adjacent 2 baffles is opening-like, while baffle is tilt distribution clockwise.
Preferably, it is welded with arc-shaped diversion pipe in the collection chamber outer circle, and collection chamber bottom end surface is communicated with out Tracheae, and collection chamber is internally provided with blade, and the diversion pipe is connected to by air inlet pipe with the sealing of flue gas inlet pipe, the blade It is semicircular convex block that surface, which has outwardly protruded cross section, and blade is welded in shaft, and the shaft passes through sealing rotary shaft It holds and is connect between collection chamber for air-tight movable.
Preferably, the reaction plate is welded in shaft, in shaft from top to bottom setting there are three, and 3 reaction Plate is equally distributed up and down, and reaction plate cross section is fan-shaped, and radian is 120 °, while 3 reaction plates are submitted up and down Wrong formula distribution.
Preferably, the reaction plate includes fixed frame and reacts net, the fan-shaped frame-shaped of fixed frame, and is fixed Lower portion is fixed with reaction net, and fixed frame number is two, while 2 fixed frames are parallel to each other, internal The mesh for reacting online does not penetrate through up and down.
Preferably, the cold water inlet pipe is extended in first shell by second shell, and cold water inlet pipe and second shell It is sealing welding between first shell, and the transverse slat of second shell and first shell connectivity part is in cellular, hole thereon Diameter is 0.5-1cm.
Preferably, the spray disk be in vertical bar shape, and spray disk length it is consistent with reaction plate radius, and spray disk axis and The radial line overlap of first shell.
The energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind through the invention, its advantages are:
Entirety of the invention is made of heat-exchanger rig and clean room, and the heat of flue gas can be absorbed in heat-exchanger rig, and reduces The temperature of flue gas, to can not only be made full use of to the heat of flue gas, but also can to avoid high temperature flue gas to purification The setting of chamber interior causes to damage, and clean room can be dusted and neutralize to flue gas, not only can be by the solid particle of flue gas It separates, and the harmful substance in flue gas can be purified, so that after flue gas is up to standard in being discharged into air, effectively Protect environment, it is practical;
Heat-exchanger rig is internally provided with multiple Heat Rooms, and cold water can be injected inside Heat Room, by heat exchange, can make The heat for obtaining flue gas heats water, since the temperature of flue gas is about at 200 ° -300 ° or so, water can be added to be heated to boiling, Water in this way becomes vapor and is passed through to evaporator.
Clean room is internally provided with dust storage chamber, collection chamber and reaction plate, and flue gas can occur after entering in collection chamber Collision, the solid particle polluter of such flue gas are detached from flue gas and are captured to come by dust storage chamber, so as to cigarette in collision process Gas is dusted, and the flue gas after dedusting can have the reaction plate of neutralizer to contact with spray, is generated and is chemically reacted, in such flue gas Harmful substance neutralized, simultaneous reactions plate reaction when, can be rotated, carry out flush clean on one side, be carried out on one side Neutralizer is sprayed, can guarantee the reaction effect of reaction plate in this way, the sewage after cleaning flows into inside evaporator.
The steam being passed through inside evaporator can be used as the energy to handle the sewage after cleaning, can will be in sewage Non-vaporising substance separate, vaporisable matter becomes the formation condensation of steam in after water and being recycled, thus The device is first handled flue gas, discharge after keeping its up to standard, and can be synchronized at the waste water generated when handling flue gas Reason forms the circulating treating system completed, the heat of the flue gas both adequately utilized in this way, and treated does not generate Any pollution sources, are effectively protected environment, are conducive to promote the use of.
Detailed description of the invention
Above-mentioned and/or additional aspect of the invention and advantage will become from the description of the embodiment in conjunction with the following figures Obviously and it is readily appreciated that, wherein
Fig. 1 is positive structure diagram of the invention;
Fig. 2 is heat-exchanger rig schematic diagram of internal structure of the invention;
Fig. 3 is heat-exchanger rig side structure schematic view of the invention;
Fig. 4 is A point enlarged structure schematic diagram in Fig. 3 of the invention;
Fig. 5 is flue gas inlet pipe partial structural diagram of the invention;
Fig. 6 is positive structure diagram inside clean room of the invention;
Fig. 7 is dust-extraction unit partial structural diagram of the invention;
Fig. 8 is collection chamber present invention looks up structural representation of the invention;
Fig. 9 is reaction plate structural schematic diagram of the invention;
Figure 10 is clean room's inside top structural schematic diagram of the invention.
In figure:1, heat-exchanger rig;11, flue gas inlet pipe;111, rubber anti-corrosive lining;112, strip;113, fixed ring;114, Ball grooves;115, ball;12, water inlet pipe;13, Heat Room;14, cooling fin;15, steam outlet pipe;16, row's steam fan;17, it is connected to Pipe;2, clean room;21, dust-extraction unit;211, dust storage chamber;212, through-hole;213, baffle;214, electrostatic adsorption bar;215, it seals Ring;216, seal gasket;22, collection chamber;221, air inlet pipe;222, diversion pipe;223, blade;224, convex block;225, escape pipe; 226, shaft;227, swivel bearing is sealed;23, transverse slat;24, exhaust blower;25, reaction plate;251, fixed frame;252, it reacts Net;26, first shell;27, second shell;3, sewage inlet pipe;4, evaporator;5, gas-liquid separator;6, condenser pipe;7, the first pressure Power pump;8, second pressure pumps;9, cold water inlet pipe;91, cabinet;92, partition;93, feed opening;94, outlet pipe;95, third pressure Pump;96, disk is sprayed.
Specific embodiment
The above objects, features and advantages of the present invention is understood in order to clearer, it is with reference to the accompanying drawing and specific real Applying mode, the present invention is further described in detail.It should be noted that in the absence of conflict, the implementation of the application Feature in example and embodiment can be combined with each other.
In the following description, numerous specific details are set forth in order to facilitate a full understanding of the present invention, still, the present invention may be used also To be implemented using other than the one described here other modes, therefore, protection scope of the present invention is not by described below Specific embodiment limitation.
Fig. 1-10 is please referred to, the present invention provides a kind of technical solution:A kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit, Including heat-exchanger rig 1, clean room 2 and cold water inlet pipe 9, the heat-exchanger rig 1 is connected with the clean room 2, and the purification Room 2 is connected by sewage inlet pipe 3 with evaporator 4, and condenser pipe 6, and evaporator 4 and gas-liquid point are provided on the evaporator 4 Be connected from device 5, described 9 one end of cold water inlet pipe extends to inside the clean room 2, and 9 other end of cold water inlet pipe with it is cold The solidifying sealing of pipe 6 connection, and flange is fixed with second pressure pump 8 and first pressure pump 7 respectively in condenser pipe 6 and sewage inlet pipe 3, The heat-exchanger rig 1 includes:
Flue gas inlet pipe 11 is ringent hollow cylinder in both ends, and flue gas inlet pipe 11 is passed through from Heat Room 13, And cooling fin 14 is welded on flue gas inlet pipe 11, there are three the Heat Room 13 is equally distributed, and adjacent 2 Heat Rooms By being connected communicating pipe 17 between 13, and the Heat Room 13 in outside is communicated with water inlet pipe 12, while leading between Heat Room 13 It crosses steam outlet pipe 15 to be connected with evaporator 4, the row's of being provided with steam fan 16 in the steam outlet pipe 15, in use, can first lead to Water inlet pipe 12 is crossed to 13 internal water flooding of Heat Room, under the action of communicating pipe 17, so that it may while more three Heat Rooms 13 Inside is filled the water, and when flue gas is flowed from flue gas inlet pipe 11, can be transferred heat in Heat Room 13 by cooling fin 14 Water, the heated boiling of water generate steam, and steam is directed into evaporator 4 by steam outlet pipe 15 and works as under the action of arranging steam fan 16 In, Heat Room 13 is equidistantly distributed, and what can be segmented cools down to flue gas, and cooling effect is obvious, when clean room 2 is to flue gas Treated, and sewage can be entered to inside evaporator 4, in evaporator under the action of first pressure pumps 7 by sewage inlet pipe 3 In 4, waste water is heated, evaporates and concentrates, and high-temperature steam can convert vaporisable matter in sewage to steam, some vapor into Enter into condenser pipe 6 and become condensed water, and under the action of second pressure pump 8, is back flowed back by cold water inlet pipe 9 to clean room 2 are recycled, remaining steam and concentrate enter in gas-liquid separator 5, and concentrate is separated and is received Collection, completes the processing to waste water.
The clean room 2 includes:
First shell 26 and second shell 27, first shell 26 and second shell 27 are communicated as one, and the connection of the two Place is welded with transverse slat 23, and the integral structure longitudinal section that the two is constituted is " U "-shaped, and the first shell 26 is internally provided with Dust-extraction unit 21 and collection chamber 22, and be fixedly connected between dust-extraction unit 21 and first shell 26 for bolt, the collection chamber 22 Lower section is provided with reaction plate 25, and 27 top of second shell is equipped with exhaust blower 24, flue gas after through flue gas inlet pipe 11, It is introduced into first shell 26, dedusting is able to by dust-extraction unit 21 and collection chamber 22, then by reaction plate 25 in flue gas Harmful substance is neutralized, and flue gas purified in this way is discharged from second shell 27 under the drive of exhaust blower 24, so as to To complete the processing work of flue gas,
The cold water inlet pipe 9 includes:
Cabinet 91, cross section are in semi-annular shape, are welded on 26 inner wall of first shell, and cabinet 91 is divided by partition 92 Every two parts in sealing, the cabinet 91 of a portion is communicated with feed opening 93, another part cabinet 91 and 9 phase of cold water inlet pipe Connection, and two parts cabinet 91 is communicated with outlet pipe 94, and the outlet pipe 94 is communicated with spray disk 96, and method on outlet pipe 94 Orchid is fixed with third pressure pump 95, can add neutralizer, another part cabinet 91 in a part of cabinet 91 by feed opening 93 The interior cold water come out by injection cold water inlet pipe 9, in this way by making third pressure pump 95 connect extraneous power supply, two parts cabinet 91 Neutralizer and ejected wash water can be sprayed from spray disk 96 by outlet pipe 94, first reaction plate 25 can be cleaned and sprayed Upper neutralizer guarantees that reaction plate 25 can sufficiently carry out reacting neutralization with the harmful substance in flue gas.
The flue gas inlet pipe 11 and 13 sealing welding of Heat Room, and the both ends of flue gas inlet pipe 11 are provided with fixed ring 113, and And there is a rubber anti-corrosive lining 111 in the inside of flue gas inlet pipe 11, the longitudinal section of the fixed ring 113 is in " Kan " shape, and fixed ring 113 Side inner wall and the outer wall of flue gas inlet pipe 11 are detachably connected for screw thread, and annular opens up on 113 other side inner wall of fixed ring There are ball grooves 114, the fan-shaped structure in longitudinal section of the rubber anti-corrosive lining 111, and 111 both ends convex of rubber anti-corrosive lining Have out and is provided with ball 115, and ball 115 and rubber anti-corrosive in its strip 112 consistent in length, the ball grooves 114 111 surface of lining is in contact, rubber anti-corrosive lining 111 have anticorrosion ability, in this way can to avoid flue gas directly and flue gas into The inner wall of pipe 11 contacts, and the maximized flue gas that reduces improves the service life of flue gas inlet pipe 11 to the rate of corrosion of flue gas inlet pipe 11, The setting of fixed ring 113 simultaneously, can be screwed on the air inlet port of flue gas inlet pipe 11, in this way can be by rubber anti-corrosive The head end of lining 111 wraps, and prevents it from bending under the high speed impact of flue gas, has both guaranteed that flue gas can smoothly circulate, So that rubber anti-corrosive lining 111 is bonded with the inner wall of flue gas inlet pipe 11 always, effectively reduce the inner wall of flue gas inlet pipe 11 by The corrosion of flue gas, ball 115 rotate in ball grooves 114, and such fixed ring 113 is being threadedly coupled or is dismantling with flue gas inlet pipe 11 When, by ball 115 to roll connection between fixed ring 113 and rubber anti-corrosive lining 111, frictional force is small between the two, avoids Rubber anti-corrosive lining 111 is worn.
Described 14 one end of cooling fin is located in flue gas inlet pipe 11, and one end is located at outside flue gas inlet pipe 11, and cooling fin 14 is in ring Shape array distribution, and 11 inner wall of flue gas inlet pipe between adjacent 2 cooling fins 14 fits with rubber anti-corrosive lining 111, together When 111 both ends of rubber anti-corrosive lining strip 112 be embedded in cooling fin 14, the design of the structure of cooling fin 14 allows to fill The heat of the absorption flue gas divided, and the cold water of Heat Room 13 can be transferred heat to, the heat that can use flue gas in this way comes Make water boiling, and generates steam, it, not only can be with so that rubber anti-corrosive lining 111 is fixed between cooling fin 14 by strip 112 It fits closely with cooling fin 14, and is extracted out convenient for people.
Electrostatic adsorption bar 214 is provided on the dust-extraction unit 21, and electrostatic adsorption bar 214 is extended to by through-hole 212 In dust storage chamber 211, and sealing ring 215, the dust storage chamber 211 are welded on the dust-extraction unit 21 of 214 periphery of electrostatic adsorption bar In semi-annular shape, and 211 top end surface of dust storage chamber offers and 214 consistent through-holes 212 of number of electrostatic adsorption bar, and dust 211 interior welds of room have baffle 213, and the electrostatic adsorption bar 214 is between adjacent 2 baffles 213, and electrostatic adsorption bar 214 are uniformly distributed and connect and are integrated, and the sealing ring 215 is embedded in dust storage chamber 211, and is bonded on sealing ring 215 close Potting pad 216, electrostatic adsorption bar 214 can produce electrostatic, can by the granule foreign between 2 baffles 213 of Electrostatic Absorption, , can be by dust-extraction unit 21 in clean room 2 under Bolt dismantling after primary dedusting, and clean room 2 is taken out, thus Electrostatic adsorption bar 214 can be extracted out from dust storage chamber 211 by through-hole 212, so as to miscellaneous on electrostatic adsorption bar 214 Matter is cleared up, and is guaranteed its subsequent impurity absorption effect, is serially connected between electrostatic adsorption bar 214, after powering in this way, Can make electrostatic adsorption bar 214 is synchronous to start to work, the setting of sealing ring 215, can make through-hole 212 is surrounded, Matching sealant pad 216 can play the effect of sealing, prevent flue gas and impurity from leaking out from through-hole 212.
The dust storage chamber 211 is welded as a whole with collection chamber 22, and 211 Internal baffle 213 of dust storage chamber and 22 outer wall of collection chamber Welding, and 22 surface of collection chamber between adjacent 2 baffles 213 is opening-like, while baffle 213 is inclination point clockwise Cloth, the tilt distribution structure of baffle 213 can be consistent with 223 rotation direction of blade in collection chamber 22, and such flue gas can be along Baffle 213 is flowed, and is guaranteed that flow of flue gas is smooth, be ensure that blade 223 can constantly be rotated with flue gas, in flue gas After grain impurity collides away, dust storage chamber 211 can be entered from collection chamber 22 by openning shape structure between 2 baffles 213 In the middle, so as to be collected to the granule foreign in flue gas, achieve the purpose that dedusting.
Arc-shaped diversion pipe 222 is welded in 22 outer circle of collection chamber, and 22 bottom end surface of collection chamber is communicated with out Tracheae 225, and collection chamber 22 is internally provided with blade 223, and the diversion pipe 222 passes through air inlet pipe 221 and flue gas inlet pipe 11 Sealing connection, it is semicircular convex block 224 that 223 surface of blade, which has outwardly protruded cross section, and blade 223 is welded in shaft On 226, the shaft 226 between sealing swivel bearing 227 and collection chamber 22 for air-tight movable by connecting, after heat exchange Flue gas can be entered in collection chamber 22 by air inlet pipe 221, under the action of diversion pipe 222, can be concentrated and be impacted blade On 223, dynamics can be passed to shaft 226, and shaft 226 can pass through under the effect of smoke-shock power by such blade 223 Sealing swivel bearing 227 rotates between collection chamber 22, can be with the convex block 224 on blade 223 when smoke-shock blade 223 It collides, since the structure of convex block 224 designs, the granule foreign in flue gas can reflecting away until being detached from different angle Flue gas.
The reaction plate 25 is welded in shaft 226, in shaft 226 from top to bottom setting there are three, and 3 reaction About 25 plate is equally distributed, and 25 cross section of reaction plate is fan-shaped, and radian is 120 °, while on 3 reaction plates 25 It is distributed in alternating expression down, the aerial view of such 3 reaction plates 25 can be combined in a circle, thus between 3 reaction plates 25 It is very close to each other, there is no there is flue gas to emit without reaction plate 25, while the structure design of 3 reaction plates 25, make Its three can successively be able to scour without sediment motion and neutralizer spray, and each reaction plate 25 with shaft 226 rotate under according to It is secondary that flue gas is purified, each reaction plate 25 in this way be for noresidue and spray have neutralizer in the state of, can So that flue gas be able to it is sufficiently cleaned up.
The reaction plate 25 include fixed frame 251 and reaction net 252, the fan-shaped frame-shaped of the fixed frame 251, and Reaction net 252 is fixed with inside fixed frame 251, and 251 numbers of fixed frame are two, while 2 251 phases of fixed frame Mutually parallel, the mesh on internal reaction net 252 does not penetrate through up and down, and reaction plate 25 is double-deck structure design, and up and down The mesh of the reaction net 252 of two sides does not penetrate through up and down, and neutralizer is maximumlly trapped on reaction net 252, will not It drops down, saves neutralizer, while double layer design, double purification can be carried out to flue gas, improve clean-up effect, fixed frame The setting of frame 251 will not be blown to deflection because of the flue gas of high flow, be made so that reaction net 252 is under stable entirety It can sufficiently be contacted with flue gas.
The cold water inlet pipe 9 is extended in first shell 26 by second shell 27, and cold water inlet pipe 9 and second shell 27 It is sealing welding between first shell 26, and the transverse slat 23 of 26 connectivity part of second shell 27 and first shell is in cellular, Aperture thereon is 0.5-1cm, is sealing structure, flue gas between such second shell 27 and first shell 26 and cold water inlet pipe 9 It will not be leaked in flowing, guarantee that flue gas is able to adequately handle and discharged, while the setting of transverse slat 23, then cooperate Mesh thereon, so that the waste water that cleaning reaction plate 25 generates can be trapped in 2 bottom of clean room, by the flowing speed for slowing down waste water Degree, can both guarantee that evaporator 4 can sufficiently be handled waste water, and can be by the connection of sewage inlet pipe 3 and clean room 2 Place bottles up, and flue gas is avoided to flow into sewage inlet pipe 3.
The spray disk 96 is in vertical bar shape, and the length for spraying disk 96 is consistent with 25 radius of reaction plate, and sprays the axis of disk 96 With the radial line overlap of first shell 26, the in this way neutralizer or clear water of spray disk 96 ejection, it can adequately be sprayed onto reaction On plate 25, the reaction residue on reaction plate 25 can be not only enabled all to be washed completely, but also keep its surface uniform Be sprayed to neutralizer, can guarantee the reaction effect of reaction plate 25 in this way, improve gas cleaning effect.
In the description of this specification, belonging to " connection ", " installation ", " fixation " etc. shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, " even Connect " it may be fixed connection or may be dismantle connection, or integral connection;It can be and be directly connected to, be also possible to pass through Intermediary is indirectly connected.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned belong to can be understood as the case may be Concrete meaning in the present invention.
In the description of this specification, the description of term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " specific embodiment " etc. Mean that particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described in conjunction with this embodiment or example are contained at least one reality of the invention It applies in example or example.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms are not necessarily referring to identical embodiment or reality Example.Moreover, description particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics can in any one or more embodiments or example with Suitable mode combines.
These are only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to restrict the invention, for those skilled in the art For member, the invention may be variously modified and varied.All within the spirits and principles of the present invention, it is made it is any modification, Equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit, including heat-exchanger rig, clean room and cold water inlet pipe, the heat exchange Device is connected with the clean room, and the clean room is connected by sewage inlet pipe with evaporator, sets on the evaporator It being equipped with condenser pipe, and evaporator is connected with gas-liquid separator, cold water inlet pipe one end extends to inside the clean room, and The cold water inlet pipe other end is connected to the condensation seal of tube, and flange is fixed with the second pressure respectively in condenser pipe and sewage inlet pipe Power pump and first pressure pump, it is characterised in that:The heat-exchanger rig includes:
Flue gas inlet pipe is ringent hollow cylinder in both ends, and flue gas inlet pipe is passed through from Heat Room, and flue gas into It is welded with cooling fin on pipe, there are three the Heat Room is equally distributed, and passes through communicating pipe phase between adjacent 2 Heat Rooms Connection, and the Heat Room in outside is communicated with water inlet pipe, while being connected by steam outlet pipe with evaporator between Heat Room, institute The row's of being provided with steam in steam outlet pipe is stated to fan.
The clean room includes:
First shell and second shell, first shell and second shell are communicated as one, and the connectivity part of the two is welded with transverse slat, And the integral structure longitudinal section that the two is constituted is " U "-shaped, and the first shell is internally provided with dust-extraction unit and collection chamber, And be fixedly connected between dust-extraction unit and first shell for bolt, reaction plate, the second shell are provided with below the collection chamber Body top is equipped with exhaust blower,
The cold water inlet pipe includes:
Cabinet, cross section are in semi-annular shape, are welded on first shell inner wall, and cabinet separates two in sealing by partition Part, the cabinet of a portion are communicated with feed opening, and another part cabinet is connected with cold water inlet pipe, and two parts cabinet It is communicated with outlet pipe, the outlet pipe is communicated with spray disk, and outlet pipe upper flange is fixed with third pressure pump.
2. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The flue gas Inlet pipe and Heat Room sealing welding, and the both ends of flue gas inlet pipe are provided with fixed ring, and the inside of flue gas inlet pipe has rubber anti- Rotten lining, the longitudinal section of the fixed ring are in " Kan " shape, and the outer wall of fixed ring side inner wall and flue gas inlet pipe is that screw thread is removable Connection is unloaded, and annular offers ball grooves on the inner wall of the fixed ring other side, the longitudinal section of the rubber anti-corrosive lining is fan-shaped Structure, and rubber anti-corrosive lining both ends have outwardly protruded and have been provided with ball in its strip consistent in length, the ball grooves, and And ball is in contact with rubber anti-corrosive lining surface.
3. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The heat dissipation Piece one end is located in flue gas inlet pipe, and one end is located at outside flue gas inlet pipe, and cooling fin circular array is distributed, and adjacent 2 dissipate Flue gas inlet pipe inner wall between backing fits with rubber anti-corrosive lining, at the same the strip at rubber anti-corrosive lining both ends be embedded in it is scattered In backing.
4. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The dedusting Electrostatic adsorption bar is provided on device, and electrostatic adsorption bar is extended in dust storage chamber by through-hole, and electrostatic adsorption bar periphery Dust-extraction unit on be welded with sealing ring, the dust storage chamber is in semi-annular shape, and dust storage chamber top end surface offers and electrostatic is inhaled The attached consistent through-hole of stick number, and dust storage chamber interior welds have a baffle, the electrostatic adsorption bar be located at adjacent 2 baffles it Between, and electrostatic adsorption bar is uniformly distributed and connects and is integrated, the sealing ring is embedded in dust storage chamber, and is bonded on sealing ring Seal gasket.
5. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The dust Room is welded as a whole with collection chamber, and dust storage chamber Internal baffle and gas collection chamber outer wall weld, and the gas collection between adjacent 2 baffles Chamber surface is opening-like, while baffle is tilt distribution clockwise.
6. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The gas collection Arc-shaped diversion pipe is welded on the circle of outdoor, and collection chamber bottom end surface is communicated with escape pipe, and setting inside collection chamber There is blade, the diversion pipe is connected to by air inlet pipe with the sealing of flue gas inlet pipe, and the blade surface has outwardly protruded cross section and has been Semicircular convex block, and blade is welded in shaft, the shaft between sealing swivel bearing and collection chamber for sealing by living Dynamic connection.
7. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The reaction Plate is welded in shaft, and in shaft from top to bottom there are three settings, and 3 reaction plates are equally distributed up and down, and Reaction plate cross section is fan-shaped, and radian is 120 °, while 3 reaction plates are in alternating expression distribution up and down.
8. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The reaction Plate includes fixed frame and reacts net, the fan-shaped frame-shaped of fixed frame, and reaction net is fixed with inside fixed frame, and And fixed frame number is two, while 2 fixed frames are parallel to each other, the online mesh of internal reaction does not pass through up and down It is logical.
9. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cold water Inlet pipe is extended in first shell by second shell, and is sealing welding between cold water inlet pipe and second shell and first shell It connects, and the transverse slat of second shell and first shell connectivity part is in cellular, aperture thereon is 0.5-1cm.
10. the energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The spray Disk is in vertical bar shape, and the length for spraying disk is consistent with reaction plate radius, and sprays the axis of disk and the radial line overlap of first shell.
CN201810496915.4A 2018-05-22 2018-05-22 A kind of energy saving and environment friendly furnace flue gas processing unit Active CN108870992B (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101829468A (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-15 上海融新能源环境科技有限公司 Flue-gas cleaning method and system for waste incineration
CA2832887A1 (en) * 2011-04-11 2012-10-18 ADA-ES, Inc. Fluidized bed method and system for gas component capture
CN104128106A (en) * 2013-05-02 2014-11-05 厦门大学 Novel swirl dispersing device
CN106178895A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-07 中石化炼化工程(集团)股份有限公司 A kind of low energy consumption flue gas sulfur removal technology
CN106512637A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-03-22 四川省简阳空冷器制造有限公司 Device and method for removing white smoke
US20170312683A1 (en) * 2016-04-29 2017-11-02 General Electric Technology Gmbh Wet flue gas desulfurization system with zero waste water liquid discharge

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101829468A (en) * 2009-03-10 2010-09-15 上海融新能源环境科技有限公司 Flue-gas cleaning method and system for waste incineration
CA2832887A1 (en) * 2011-04-11 2012-10-18 ADA-ES, Inc. Fluidized bed method and system for gas component capture
CN104128106A (en) * 2013-05-02 2014-11-05 厦门大学 Novel swirl dispersing device
US20170312683A1 (en) * 2016-04-29 2017-11-02 General Electric Technology Gmbh Wet flue gas desulfurization system with zero waste water liquid discharge
CN106178895A (en) * 2016-08-25 2016-12-07 中石化炼化工程(集团)股份有限公司 A kind of low energy consumption flue gas sulfur removal technology
CN106512637A (en) * 2016-12-06 2017-03-22 四川省简阳空冷器制造有限公司 Device and method for removing white smoke

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