CN108870879A - A kind of drying system - Google Patents

A kind of drying system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108870879A
CN108870879A CN201810311796.0A CN201810311796A CN108870879A CN 108870879 A CN108870879 A CN 108870879A CN 201810311796 A CN201810311796 A CN 201810311796A CN 108870879 A CN108870879 A CN 108870879A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
timber
plate
drying
pedestal
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201810311796.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108870879B (en
Inventor
杨志刚
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Haining Hengsen Furniture Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Haining Hengsen Furniture Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Haining Hengsen Furniture Co Ltd filed Critical Haining Hengsen Furniture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810311796.0A priority Critical patent/CN108870879B/en
Priority to CN201610706883.7A priority patent/CN106322964B/en
Publication of CN108870879A publication Critical patent/CN108870879A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108870879B publication Critical patent/CN108870879B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B15/00Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form
    • F26B15/02Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in the whole or part of a circle
    • F26B15/04Machines or apparatus for drying objects with progressive movement; Machines or apparatus with progressive movement for drying batches of material in compact form with movement in the whole or part of a circle in a horizontal plane
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B7/00Drying solid materials or objects by processes using a combination of processes not covered by a single one of groups F26B3/00 and F26B5/00
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B9/00Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards
    • F26B9/06Machines or apparatus for drying solid materials or objects at rest or with only local agitation; Domestic airing cupboards in stationary drums or chambers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/004Nozzle assemblies; Air knives; Air distributors; Blow boxes
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B21/00Arrangements or duct systems, e.g. in combination with pallet boxes, for supplying and controlling air or gases for drying solid materials or objects
    • F26B21/02Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure
    • F26B21/022Circulating air or gases in closed cycles, e.g. wholly within the drying enclosure with provisions for changing the drying gas flow pattern, e.g. by reversing gas flow, by moving the materials or objects through subsequent compartments, at least two of which have a different direction of gas flow
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B23/00Heating arrangements
    • F26B23/04Heating arrangements using electric heating
    • F26B23/06Heating arrangements using electric heating resistance heating
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/001Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements
    • F26B25/003Handling, e.g. loading or unloading arrangements for articles
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B25/00Details of general application not covered by group F26B21/00 or F26B23/00
    • F26B25/02Applications of driving mechanisms, not covered by another subclass
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F26DRYING
    • F26BDRYING SOLID MATERIALS OR OBJECTS BY REMOVING LIQUID THEREFROM
    • F26B2210/00Drying processes and machines for solid objects characterised by the specific requirements of the drying good
    • F26B2210/16Wood, e.g. lumber, timber

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of drying systems.It is excessively cumbersome that it solves the step of existing drying process, and needs artificial pick-and-place timber, the technical problems such as complex process.This drying system, including pedestal are provided with conveying device on pedestal, also set gradually feeding device, drying unit and blanking device on pedestal;The conveying device includes guide rail and three sliding seats in a ring, guide rail is fixed on the base, three sliding seats are arranged on guide rail, the moving structure that sliding seat can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, shaft is vertically arranged on sliding seat, the servo motor that shaft lower end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, and shaft upper end is connected with square placement plate, and the location structure that can be located in timber in placement plate is additionally provided on sliding seat.The present invention has the advantages that drying efficiency is high.

Description

A kind of drying system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of drying systems.
Background technique
Furniture refers to that the mankind maintain normal life, are engaged in production practices and carry out the essential a kind of device of social activities Tool.Furniture also follows the step in epoch to continue to develop innovation, and of a great variety by now, materials are different, great variety of goods, and purposes is not One.Furniture includes the large piece articles such as wardrobe, desk, bed, sofa.Wherein, sofa is mainly by yoke, sponge, spring and slip cover Composition, and yoke is mainly made of timber, in order to ensure the product quality and service life of sofa, is needed at timber Reason.
Through retrieving, as Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of Wood drying technique【Application number:201510700042.0;It is public The number of opening:CN 105202870A】.This Wood drying technique, which is characterized in that include the following steps:1) the pre-heat treatment stage: Timber is put into hothouse, the preheating temperature and default equilibrium moisture content of timber are set, then uses microwave heating and spray The mode that water combines, is heated to 45~55 DEG C for the temperature of timber;2) the high temperature and humidity stage:Continue using microwave heating and spray The temperature of timber is heated to 70~85 DEG C in 20~22min by the mode that water combines, and keeps the balance of timber at this time aqueous Rate is 28%~34% and keeps 30~45min;3) drying stage:A, drying temperature needed for timber in hothouse is first set The final moisture content with timber, then adjust the transmission power of microwave makes to dry indoor Wood temperature and is down to 66~68 DEG C and protects It holds the temperature to be dried, 1.2~1.3 times of moisture content needed for making the moisture content of timber drop to timber finally;B, then by The transmission power of successive step microwave, it is aqueous needed for moisture content is down to timber finally by the rate of decline 0.1% per minute 1.1~1.2 times of rate;C, dry indoor air pressure is then reduced, then adjusts the transmission power of microwave, by the drying of wood to timber Final required moisture content;4) stage is kept:Keep dry indoor pressure constant, when Wood temperature is down to 38~42 DEG C, The drying of timber can be completed.
Although drying process disclosed in the patent can eliminate the surface stress and internal stress of timber, wood surface is prevented Cracking is interior, and still, the step of drying process is excessively cumbersome, and need it is artificial pick and place timber, complex process, therefore, design A kind of drying system is necessary out.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is the above problem in view of the prior art, a kind of processing work of drying of wood is proposed Skill, the treatment process have the characteristics that simple process.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:A kind for the treatment of process of the drying of wood, feature exist In including the following steps:
A, 12-24h is dried into timber peeling;
B, Nacl is sprinkled in wood surface, then shines 8-16h;
C, timber is immersed in lime after 4-6h, is taken out;
D, wood surface is cut away by 1.5-2.5mm by common cutting machine, removes lime;
E, timber is subjected to ending drying by drying system, being dried to moisture content is 12-15%.
Using process above, operating procedure can be greatly simplified, and picks and places timber without artificial, so that it may realize its drying, work Skill is simple.
Drying system in the step e includes pedestal, and conveying device is provided on the pedestal, is also successively set on pedestal Set feeding device, drying unit and blanking device.
The working principle of drying system is as follows:It, can be right by feeding device, conveying device, drying unit and blanking device Timber automatic charging, conveying, drying and blanking cross multioperation without artificial, can be realized continuous continual drying operation, dry It does high-efficient.
The conveying device includes that guide rail in a ring and several sliding seats, guide rail are fixed on the base, several sliding seats It is arranged on guide rail, the moving structure that sliding seat can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, shaft is vertically arranged on sliding seat, The servo motor that shaft lower end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, and shaft upper end is connected with square placement plate, sliding seat On be additionally provided with the location structure that timber can be located in placement plate.
When the station needed for needing to convey in timber, timber is put in placement plate, is determined timber by location structure Position is lived, and drives sliding seat mobile by moving structure, sliding seat drives placement plate mobile, work needed for placement plate conveys timber Position;Period can drive shaft rotation by the output shaft of servo motor, and shaft drives sliding seat rotation, and sliding seat drives placement plate Rotation, can make the timber of adjacent two layers be staggeredly placed.
Several reinforcing rods are additionally provided between the shaft and placement plate.
Using the above structure, it can be reinforced between shaft and placement plate by reinforcing rod, the connection for increasing the two is strong Degree.
The moving structure includes rack gear, stepper motor and driving wheel in a ring, and rack gear is fixed on guide rail, stepping electricity Machine is fixed on sliding seat, and straight down, driving wheel is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor the output shaft of stepper motor, driving Wheel and rack is meshed.
When needing moves back and forth sliding seat, the output shaft rotation of stepper motor, the output shaft band of stepper motor are controlled Dynamic driving wheel rotation, driving wheel and rack are meshed and move back and forth sliding seat.
The location structure includes positioning pressuring plate, positioning cylinder and mounting rack, and mounting rack is fixed on sliding seat, positioning cylinder It being fixed on mounting rack, straight down, the piston rod end of positioning cylinder is connected the piston rod of positioning cylinder with positioning pressuring plate, and Positioning pressuring plate can lean with sliding seat.
When needing for timber to be located in placement plate, the piston rod for controlling positioning cylinder is moved up and down, positioning cylinder Piston rod drives positioning pressuring plate to move up and down, and positioning pressuring plate positions timber.
Several universal wheels are additionally provided on the sliding seat, and universal wheel leans with pedestal.
Using the above structure, it can ensure that the sliding of sliding seat by universal wheel, meanwhile, it plays a supporting role.
The material of the positioning pressuring plate is stainless steel.
Using the above material, can extend positioning pressuring plate uses the time.
The positioning pressuring plate is equipped with several air holes.
Using the above structure, it can enable air to circulate in positioning pressuring plate upper and lower sides by air hole.
Rubber strip is further fixed on the positioning pressuring plate.
Using the above structure, positioning pressuring plate can be made preferably to position by rubber strip.
The feeding device includes first conveyer belt, storing board, manipulator and mounting bar, and first conveyer belt is arranged in pedestal On, guiding structure is provided in first conveyer belt, storing board is inclined on pedestal, is had several idler wheels on storing board, is deposited The mobile mechanism that putting plate can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, and storing board upper end is leaned on close to first conveyer belt, storing board lower end Nearly guide rail, storing board lower end are further fixed on limit plate, and the separation structure that can separate timber, manipulator are provided on limit plate One end is fixed on the base, and the manipulator other end is connected with mounting bar, and several mounting blocks, two neighboring peace are fixed on mounting bar The positioning region for positioning timber is formed between dress block, is additionally provided with the clamping knot that timber can be located in positioning region on pedestal Structure.
When needing for timber to be input in placement plate, timber is put into first conveyer belt one by one, passes through guiding structure Timber is oriented to, with the rotation of first conveyer belt, timber is transported on storing board, is driven and is stored by mobile mechanism Plate moves back and forth, and multiple timber can be lain on storing board, mobile by mechanical hand-motion mounting bar, and mounting blocks is made to be inserted into wood Between material, timber is positioned by clamping structure, is conveyed in placement plate by manipulator, input is quick.
The separation structure includes that several through holes being provided on limit plate and several demarcation plates, demarcation plate are respectively set In corresponding through hole, the pusher cylinder that demarcation plate one end can push it to move back and forth with one is connected, and the demarcation plate other end is Separate end, and separate end to stretch out limit plate.
Using the above structure, the separation end of demarcation plate is made to stretch out limit plate by the push rod of pusher cylinder, demarcation plate can be Storing board is separated and limits to timber when mobile, and certain gap can be kept between adjacent timber.
The guiding structure includes left importing item and right importing item, and it is defeated that left importing item and right importing item are separately fixed at first Band two sides are sent, left import between item and right importing item forms the introduction channel passed through for timber.
Using the above structure, by it is left importing item and it is right import item effect, can make timber convey in first conveyer belt Direction of travel is parallel, and moves on desired position in first conveyer belt.
The clamping structure includes left air bag, right air bag, communicating pipe and air pump, and left air bag is fixed on the left of positioning region, right Air bag is fixed on the right side of positioning region, communicating pipe one end be connected with left air bag, communicating pipe the other end be connected with right air bag, in communicating pipe Portion is connected with tracheae one end, and the tracheae other end can be connected with the external world, and air pump is arranged on tracheae.
When needing to position in the timber on mounting bar, air pump is opened, outside air is transported to left air bag and right gas In capsule, as the volume of left air bag and right air bag becomes larger, the timber on mounting bar can be positioned, reliable clamping.
Flow control valve is additionally provided on the tracheae.
Using the above structure, the air-flow size in tracheae is adjusted by flow control valve.
The mobile mechanism includes that bracket, guide rod, guide sleeve and the first push-rod electric machine, bracket are fixed on the base, guide rod water It is flat to be fixed on bracket, it leads and is set on guide rod, the first push-rod electric machine is fixed on bracket, the push rod water of the first push-rod electric machine Flat setting, the push rod end of the first push-rod electric machine are connected with guide sleeve, and storing board is fixed on guide sleeve.
When needing moves back and forth storing board, the push rod of the first push-rod electric machine of control moves back and forth, the first push-rod electric machine Push rod drive guide sleeve move back and forth, guide sleeve drive storing board move back and forth.
Also there is the left anti-slip part of several protrusions, the also right side with several protrusions is anti-skidding on right air bag on the left air bag Portion.
Using the above structure, its frictional force can be increased, avoid having skidded in use process.
The drying unit includes that baking oven, electric heating tube, several diversion pipes, detection plate and display screen, baking oven are fixed on bottom On seat, baking oven one end has input port, and the baking oven other end has delivery outlet, and guide rail is penetrated from input port and worn from delivery outlet Out, electric heating tube is arranged in baking oven, and several diversion pipes are separately positioned in oven side wall, and diversion pipe and one can drive its rotation Rotating mechanism be connected, be provided with aspiration pump and check valve on diversion pipe, detection plate is arranged in baking oven, detection plate and an energy band The lifting cylinder for moving its oscilaltion is connected, and Hygrothermograph is provided in detection plate, and Hygrothermograph passes through route and display screen phase Even.
When needing to dry timber, placement plate is moved in baking oven, so that baking oven is heated up by electric heating tube, is led to The effect for crossing aspiration pump and check valve makes air one-way flow in diversion pipe, drives pod to turn round by rotating mechanism Dynamic, the annular airflow that can form different directions keeps bulk temperature in baking oven uniform, by the timber stoving in placement plate, drying effect It is good.
The rotating mechanism includes rotary electric machine, rotation axis, driving gear, driven gear and installing frame, and installing frame is fixed Outside baking oven, rotary electric machine is fixed on installing frame, and the output shaft of rotary electric machine is horizontally disposed, and driving gear is fixed on rotation electricity On the output shaft of machine, rotation axis is horizontally set on installing frame, and rotation axis one end is protruded into baking oven to be connected with diversion pipe middle part, from Moving gear is fixed on the rotation axis other end, and driving gear is meshed with driven gear.
When needing makes diversion pipe carry out back rotation, the output shaft for controlling rotary electric machine comes back rotation, the output of rotary electric machine Axis drives driving gear to carry out back rotation, and driving gear drives driven gear to carry out back rotation, and driven gear drives rotation axis to turn round Dynamic, rotation axis drives diversion pipe to carry out back rotation.
Instruction structure is provided on the installing frame, instruction structure includes indicator and indicating ring, and indicator, which is fixed on, to be turned On moving axis, indicating ring is fixed on baking oven by connecting rod, has angle line, angle of the indicator towards indicating ring on indicating ring Line.
Using the above structure, indicating ring is directed toward by indicator, the angle position of diversion pipe can be viewed, instruction is convenient.
It is also provided with the sliding groove of annular on the indicating ring, is provided with limited block in sliding groove, and limited block can be with finger Show that needle leans, fixing bolt is also threaded on limited block, fixing bolt end can be resisted against on indicating ring.
Using the above structure, it being slided in sliding groove by limited block, limited block can limit indicator, so as to Pod is set to turn to required angle.
Insulating layer is additionally provided with outside the baking oven, the material of insulating layer is rock wool heat-preservation felt.
Using the above structure, the heat loss in baking oven can be reduced by insulating layer.
Support base is further fixed on the pedestal, support base is provided with several air-coolers on delivery outlet, support base, cold The outlet air mouth down of blower.
Using the above structure, the timber dried can be cooled down by air-cooler.
The first controller is further fixed on the installing frame, Hygrothermograph and display screen are connected with first controller.
The blanking device includes the second conveyer belt, pushing plate, lifting frame, support plate and driving cylinder, the second conveyer belt Be set on the base, second conveyer belt one end is fixing end, and the second conveyer belt other end is swinging end, swinging end close to guide rail, And swinging end can drive the swing mechanism of lower swing to be thereon connected with one, lifting frame is set on the base, and goes up and down frame and an energy band The elevating mechanism for moving its oscilaltion is connected, and driving cylinder is fixed on lifting frame one end, drives the piston rod of cylinder horizontally disposed, The piston rod end of driving cylinder is connected with pushing plate, and support plate is fixed by the connecting rod on the lifting frame other end, and is supported There is the gap passed through for placement plate, going up and down also has derived type structure on frame between plate and pushing plate.
When needing to export timber from placement plate, after timber stoving, placement plate is moved to the second conveyer belt side Portion drives lifting frame to move up and down, so that desired height position can be adjusted as needed by going up and down frame by elevating mechanism;Control The piston rod of driving cylinder moves back and forth, and drives the piston rod of cylinder that pushing plate is driven to move back and forth, pushing plate will be in placement plate Timber be successively pushed on the second conveyer belt and output it, blanking is quick;It can be to the next of top layer's timber by support plate Layer is supported, and avoids inadvertently falling off during push;Guiding role is played when exporting by derived type structure to timber.
Cushion is further fixed on the pushing plate, the material of cushion is rubber.
Using the above structure, pushing plate and timber be can avoid by cushion directly to contact, plays buffer function.
The swing mechanism includes oscillating cylinder and oscillating rod, and oscillating rod one end and pedestal are hinged, the oscillating rod other end It is hinged with swinging end, oscillating cylinder and pedestal are hinged, and the piston rod of oscillating cylinder is obliquely installed, the piston rod of oscillating cylinder It is hinged in the middle part of end and oscillating rod.
When needing the swinging end for making the second conveyer belt to swing up and down, the piston rod for controlling oscillating cylinder moves back and forth, pendulum Take offence cylinder piston rod drive oscillating rod move back and forth, oscillating rod swings up and down the swinging end of the second conveyer belt.
The elevating mechanism includes that locating rack, guide rod, guide sleeve and the second push-rod electric machine, locating rack are fixed on pedestal On, guide rod is fixed in positioning vertically, and guide sleeve is arranged on the guide bar, and the second push-rod electric machine is fixed on locating rack, the Straight down, the push rod end of the second push-rod electric machine is connected the push rod of two push-rod electric machines with guide sleeve, and lifting frame passes through fixed link It is fixed on guide sleeve.
When needing moves up and down lifting frame, the push rod of the second push-rod electric machine of control is moved up and down, the second push-rod electric machine Push rod drive guide sleeve move up and down, guide sleeve drive lifting frame move up and down.
The derived type structure includes left export item, right export item and adjustment bar, and adjustment bar is fixed on lifting frame, adjustment bar On be provided with left slider and right sliding block, left positioning bolt has been bolted on left slider, right positioning has been bolted on right sliding block Bolt, left export item are fixed on left slider, and right export item is fixed on right sliding block, are formed between right export item and right export item The export channel passed through for timber.
Using the above structure, by the effect of left export item and right export item, timber can be made smoothly to be output to the second conveying It takes.
The derived type structure further includes left pointer and right pointer, has graduation mark, left pointer and right pointer point in adjustment bar It is not fixed on left slider and right sliding block, and left pointer and right pointer are respectively directed to the graduation mark in adjustment bar.
Using the above structure, the graduation mark in adjustment bar is respectively directed to by left pointer and right pointer, can quickly finds and sees The size in channel is exported, instruction is intuitive.
Be further fixed on second controller on the locating rack, driving cylinder, oscillating cylinder and the second push-rod electric machine with this Second controller is connected.
Compared with prior art, the present invention has the advantages that this:Operating procedure can be greatly simplified in present treatment technique, and is not necessarily to It is artificial to pick and place timber, so that it may to realize its drying, simple process.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is planar structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the planar structure schematic diagram of moving structure in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the planar structure schematic diagram of feeding device in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram that the present invention removes part.
Fig. 5 is the cross-sectional view of separation structure in the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the planar structure schematic diagram of drying unit in the present invention.
Fig. 7 is the planar structure schematic diagram of instruction structure in the present invention
Fig. 8 is the planar structure schematic diagram of blanking device in the present invention.
Fig. 9 is the schematic perspective view that the present invention removes part.
In figure, 1, pedestal;2, first conveyer belt;3, left importing item;4, limit plate;4a, through hole;5, the first push rod electricity Machine;6, baking oven;7, support base;8, air-cooler;9, rack gear;11, the second conveyer belt;12, guide rail;13, placement plate;14, guide rod; 15, bracket;16, guide sleeve;17, storing board;18, right importing item;19, sliding seat;21, stepper motor;22, driving wheel;23, mechanical Hand;24, mounting bar;25, tracheae;26, flow control valve;27, air pump;28, communicating pipe;29, mounting blocks;31, right air bag;32, Left air bag;33, universal wheel;34, mounting rack;35, positioning cylinder;36, positioning pressuring plate;37, shaft;38, servo motor;39, divide Partition;41, pusher cylinder;42, electric heating tube;43, the first controller;44, Hygrothermograph;45, detection plate;46, display screen; 47, lifting cylinder;49, aspiration pump;51, rotation axis;52, driven gear;53, rotary electric machine;54, installing frame;55, driving tooth Wheel;56, check valve;57, diversion pipe;58, indicating ring;58a, sliding groove;59, indicator;61, fixing bolt;62, limited block; 63, oscillating rod;64, oscillating cylinder;65, second controller;66, guide rod;67, guide sleeve;68, locating rack;69, the second push rod Motor;71, cylinder is driven;72, pushing plate;73, frame is gone up and down;74, support plate;76, left slider;77, left positioning bolt;78, left Export item;79, adjustment bar;81, right export item;82, right positioning bolt;83, right sliding block.
Specific embodiment
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
The treatment process of this drying of wood, includes the following steps:
A, 12-24h is dried into timber peeling;In the present embodiment, 18h is dried into timber peeling;
B, Nacl is sprinkled in wood surface, then shines 8-16h;In the present embodiment, then 10h is shone, Nacl uses market On the existing product that can buy;
C, timber is immersed in lime after 4-6h, is taken out;In the present embodiment, timber is immersed in lime after 5h;
D, wood surface is cut away by 1.5-2.5mm by common cutting machine, removes lime;In the present embodiment, pass through Wood surface is cut away 1.8mm by common cutting machine;
E, timber is subjected to ending drying by drying system, being dried to moisture content is 12-15%;In the present embodiment, Being dried to moisture content is 14%.
Using the technique, operating procedure can be greatly simplified, and picks and places timber without artificial, so that it may realize its drying, technique Simply.
As shown in Figure 1, the drying system in step e includes pedestal 1, the material of pedestal 1 is iron;It is provided on pedestal 1 defeated Device is sent, also sets gradually feeding device, drying unit and blanking device on pedestal 1.
As Figure 1 and Figure 4, conveying device includes guide rail 12 and several sliding seats 19 in a ring, in the present embodiment, Guide rail 12 is fixed on pedestal 1 using the existing product that can be bought in the market, guide rail 12, the side that guide rail 12 is bolted Formula is fixed on pedestal 1;Several sliding seats 19 are arranged on guide rail 12, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of sliding seat 19 is three; The moving structure that sliding seat 19 can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, and shaft 37, shaft 37 are vertically arranged on sliding seat 19 The servo motor 38 that lower end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, and servo motor 38 is fixed on sliding seat 19, servo motor 38 Output shaft is connected with 37 lower end of shaft;37 upper end of shaft is connected with square placement plate 13, and 37 upper end of shaft is connected by key The mode connect is connected with placement plate 13;The location structure that timber can be located in placement plate 13 is additionally provided on sliding seat 19; Several reinforcing rods are additionally provided between shaft 37 and placement plate 13, it in the present embodiment, can be right by reinforcing rod using the structure It is reinforced between shaft 37 and placement plate 13, increases the bonding strength of the two.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, moving structure includes rack gear 9, stepper motor 21 and driving wheel 22 in a ring, in this implementation In example, rack gear 9 is using the existing product that can be bought in the market;Rack gear 9 is fixed on guide rail 12, and rack gear 9 is bolted Mode be fixed on guide rail 12;Stepper motor 21 is fixed on sliding seat 19, and stepper motor 21 is by bolted connection It is fixed on sliding seat 19;Straight down, driving wheel 22 is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor 21 to the output shaft of stepper motor 21 On, the mode that driving wheel 22 is connected by key is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor 21;Driving wheel 22 is meshed with rack gear 9.
As shown in figure 4, location structure includes positioning pressuring plate 36, positioning cylinder 35 and mounting rack 34, mounting rack 34 is fixed to be slided On dynamic seat 19, mounting rack 34 is fixed on sliding seat 19 by bolted connection;Positioning cylinder 35 is fixed on mounting rack 34, The hint that positioning cylinder 35 is bolted is fixed on mounting rack 34;The piston rod of positioning cylinder 35 straight down, positions The piston rod end of cylinder 35 is connected with positioning pressuring plate 36, the piston rod end of positioning cylinder 35 by bolted connection and Positioning pressuring plate 36 is connected;And positioning pressuring plate 36 can lean with sliding seat 19.
As shown in figure 4, being additionally provided with several universal wheels 33, in the present embodiment, the quantity of universal wheel 33 on sliding seat 19 It is four;And universal wheel 33 leans with pedestal 1;Using the structure, the sliding of sliding seat 19 can ensure that by universal wheel 33, together When, it plays a supporting role.
The material of positioning pressuring plate 36 is stainless steel;Using the material, can extend positioning pressuring plate 36 uses the time.
Positioning pressuring plate 36 is equipped with several air holes, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of air hole is 50;Using the knot Structure can enable air to circulate in 36 upper and lower sides of positioning pressuring plate by air hole.
It is further fixed on rubber strip on positioning pressuring plate 36, using the structure, positioning pressuring plate 36 can be made better by rubber strip Positioning.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 3, feeding device includes first conveyer belt 2, storing board 17, manipulator 23 and mounting bar 24, and One conveyer belt 2 is arranged on pedestal 1, and guiding structure is provided in first conveyer belt 2, and storing board 17 is inclined on pedestal 1, There are several idler wheels, in the present embodiment, the quantity of idler wheel is 30 on storing board 17;Storing board 17 and one can drive it to come The dynamic mobile mechanism of return is connected, and 17 upper end of storing board is close to first conveyer belt 2, and 17 lower end of storing board is close to guide rail 12, storage 17 lower end of plate is further fixed on limit plate 4, and 17 lower end of storing board is fixed with limit plate 4 by bolted connection;On limit plate 4 It is provided with the separation structure that timber can be separated, 23 one end of manipulator is fixed on pedestal 1,23 other end of manipulator and installation Item 24 is connected, and several mounting blocks 29 are fixed on mounting bar 24, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of mounting blocks 29 is six;It is adjacent The positioning region for positioning timber is formed between two mounting blocks 29, positioning region can be located in for timber by being additionally provided on pedestal 1 In clamping structure.
As shown in figure 5, separation structure includes several through hole 4a and several demarcation plates 39 being provided on limit plate 4, In the present embodiment, the quantity of through hole 4a is six, and the quantity of partition is six;Demarcation plate 39 is separately positioned on to be passed through accordingly In the 4a of hole, 39 one end of demarcation plate is connected with the pusher cylinder 41 that one can push it to move back and forth, and 39 other end of demarcation plate is to separate End, and separation end can stretch out limit plate 4.
As shown in Figure 1, guiding structure includes left importing item 3 and right importing item 18, left importing item 3 and right importing item 18 are distinguished 2 two sides of first conveyer belt are fixed on, left import between item 3 and right importing item 18 forms the introduction channel passed through for timber;Using The structure, by it is left importing item 3 and it is right import item 18 effect, can make timber convey in 2 direction of travel phase of first conveyer belt In parallel, and in first conveyer belt 2 it is moved on desired position.
As shown in figure 3, clamping structure includes left air bag 32, right air bag 31, communicating pipe 28 and air pump 27, left air bag 32 is fixed On the left of positioning region, right air bag 31 is fixed on the right side of positioning region, and communicating pipe, 28 one end was connected with left air bag 32, and communicating pipe 28 is another End is connected with right air bag 31, and communicating pipe, 28 middle part was connected with 25 one end of tracheae, and 25 other end of tracheae can be connected with the external world, gas Pump 27 is arranged on tracheae 25;Flow control valve 26 is additionally provided on tracheae 25, it, can by flow control valve 26 using the structure Adjust the air-flow size in tracheae 25.
As shown in Figure 1, mobile mechanism includes bracket 15, guide rod 14, guide sleeve 16 and the first push-rod electric machine 5, bracket 15 is fixed On pedestal 1, bracket 15 is fixed on by bolted connection on pedestal 1;Guide rod 14 is horizontally fixed on bracket 15, guide rod 14 are fixed on by bolted connection on bracket 15;And guide rod 14 and 2 direction of travel of first conveyer belt are perpendicular, guide sleeve 16 It is arranged on guide rod 14, the first push-rod electric machine 5 is fixed on bracket 15, and the first push-rod electric machine 5 is solid by bolted connection It is scheduled on bracket 15;The push rod of first push-rod electric machine 5 is horizontally disposed, and the push rod end of the first push-rod electric machine 5 is connected with guide sleeve 16, The push rod end of first push-rod electric machine 5 is connected with guide sleeve 16 by bolted connection;Storing board 17 is fixed on guide sleeve 16, Storing board 17 is fixed on by welding on guide sleeve 16.
Also there is the left anti-slip part of several protrusions, the also right side with several protrusions is anti-skidding on right air bag 31 on left air bag 32 Portion, in the present embodiment, the quantity of left anti-slip part and right anti-slip part are ten;Using the structure, its frictional force can be increased, avoided It is had skidded in use process.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 6, drying unit includes baking oven 6, electric heating tube 42, several diversion pipes 57, detection plate 45 and shows Display screen 46, baking oven 6 are fixed on pedestal 1, and baking oven 6 is fixed on by bolted connection on pedestal 1;6 one end of baking oven has Input port, 6 other end of baking oven has delivery outlet, and guide rail 12 is penetrated from input port and is pierced by from delivery outlet, and electric heating tube 42 is set It sets in baking oven 6, several diversion pipes 57 are separately positioned on 6 side wall of baking oven, and in the present embodiment, the quantity of diversion pipe 57 is four It is a, it is respectively distributed on four side walls of baking oven 6;The rotating mechanism that diversion pipe 57 can drive it to rotate with one is connected, diversion pipe Aspiration pump 49 and check valve 56 are provided on 57, detection plate 45 is arranged in baking oven 6, and detection plate 45 can drive with one and rise down thereon The lifting cylinder 47 of drop is connected, and lifting cylinder 47 is fixed on baking oven 6, the piston rod of lifting cylinder 47 straight down, lifting air The piston rod end of cylinder 47 is connected with detection plate 45;Hygrothermograph 44 is provided in detection plate 45, Hygrothermograph 44 passes through route It is connected with display screen 46, in the present embodiment, Hygrothermograph 44 is using the existing product that can be bought in the market.
As shown in fig. 6, rotating mechanism includes rotary electric machine 53, rotation axis 51, driving gear 55, driven gear 52 and installation Frame 54, installing frame 54 are fixed on outside baking oven 6, and installing frame 54 is fixed on by bolted connection outside baking oven 6;Rotary electric machine 53 It is fixed on installing frame 54, rotary electric machine 53 is fixed on by bolted connection on installing frame 54;Rotary electric machine 53 it is defeated Shaft is horizontally disposed, and driving gear 55 is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine 53, the mode that driving gear 55 is connected by key It is fixed on the output shaft of rotary electric machine 53;Rotation axis 51 is horizontally set on installing frame 54, and baking oven 6 is protruded into 51 one end of rotation axis It is interior be connected in the middle part of diversion pipe 57,51 one end of rotation axis is connected in the middle part of diversion pipe 57 by welding;Driven gear 52 It is fixed on 51 other end of rotation axis, the mode that driven gear 52 is connected by key is fixed on 51 other end of rotation axis;Actively Gear 55 is meshed with driven gear 52;In the present embodiment, the cooperating number set of the quantity of rotating mechanism and diversion pipe 57, i.e., It is four groups.
As shown in fig. 7, being provided with instruction structure on installing frame 54, instruction structure includes indicator 59 and indicating ring 58, is referred to Show that needle 59 is fixed in rotation axis 51, indicating ring 58 is fixed on baking oven 6 by connecting rod, is had angle line on indicating ring 58, is referred to Show angle line of the needle 59 towards indicating ring 58;Using the structure, indicating ring 58 is directed toward by indicator 59, diversion pipe can be viewed 57 angle position, instruction are convenient.
As shown in fig. 7, being also provided with the sliding groove 58a of annular on indicating ring 58, limited block is provided in sliding groove 58a 62, and limited block 62 can lean with indicator 59, and fixing bolt 61,61 end of fixing bolt are also threaded on limited block 62 Portion can be resisted against on indicating ring 58;Using the structure, slided in sliding groove 58a by limited block 62, limited block 62 can be to finger Show that needle 59 is limited, so as to make pod turn to required angle.
Insulating layer is additionally provided with outside baking oven 6, the material of insulating layer is rock wool heat-preservation felt;Using the structure, pass through insulating layer The heat loss in baking oven 6 can be reduced.
As shown in Figure 1, being further fixed on support base 7 on pedestal 1, support base 7 is close to delivery outlet, if being provided on support base 7 Dry and cold blower 8, in the present embodiment, the quantity of air-cooler 8 are two;The outlet air mouth down of air-cooler 8;Using the structure, lead to The timber dried can be cooled down by crossing air-cooler 8.
As shown in fig. 6, be further fixed on the first controller 43 on installing frame 54, Hygrothermograph 44 and display screen 46 with this One controller 43 is connected, and in the present embodiment, the first controller 43 is using the single-chip microcontroller that can be bought in the market, single-chip microcontroller control The program of Hygrothermograph and display screen be it is existing, program does not need to update.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 8, blanking device includes the second conveyer belt 11, pushing plate 72, lifting frame 73, support plate 74 and drives It takes offence cylinder 71, the second conveyer belt 11 is arranged on pedestal 1, and 11 one end of the second conveyer belt is fixing end, and the second conveyer belt 11 is another End is swinging end, and swinging end is close to guide rail 12, and swinging end can drive the swing mechanism of lower swing to be thereon connected with one, goes up and down frame 73 are arranged on pedestal 1, and lifting frame 73 can drive the elevating mechanism of lower lifting to be thereon connected with one, and driving cylinder 71 is fixed on liter 73 one end of frame drops, and driving cylinder 71 is fixed on lifting 73 one end of frame by bolted connection;Drive the piston rod of cylinder 71 Horizontally disposed, the piston rod end of driving cylinder 71 is connected with pushing plate 72, and the piston rod end of driving cylinder 71 passes through bolt The mode of connection is connected with pushing plate 72;Support plate 74 is fixed by the connecting rod in lifting 73 other end of frame, and 74 He of support plate There is the gap passed through for placement plate 13, going up and down also has derived type structure on frame 73 between pushing plate 72.
Cushion is further fixed on pushing plate 72, the material of cushion is rubber;Using the structure, can be kept away by cushion Exempt from pushing plate 72 and timber directly contacts, plays buffer function.
As shown in figure 8, swing mechanism includes oscillating cylinder 64 and oscillating rod 63,63 one end of oscillating rod and pedestal 1 are hinged, 63 other end of oscillating rod and swinging end are hinged, and oscillating cylinder 64 and pedestal 1 are hinged, and the piston rod inclination of oscillating cylinder 64 is set It sets, is hinged in the middle part of the piston rod end of oscillating cylinder 64 and oscillating rod 63.
As shown in figure 8, elevating mechanism includes locating rack 68, guide rod 66, guide sleeve 67 and the second push-rod electric machine 69, positioning Frame 68 is fixed on pedestal 1, and locating rack 68 is fixed on by bolted connection on pedestal 1;Guide rod 66 is fixed on vertically In positioning, guide rod 66 is fixed in positioning by bolted connection;Guide sleeve 67 is arranged on guide rod 66, and second pushes away Bar motor 69 is fixed on locating rack 68, and the second push-rod electric machine 69 is fixed on by bolted connection on locating rack 68;The Straight down, the push rod end of the second push-rod electric machine 69 is connected the push rod of two push-rod electric machines 69 with guide sleeve 67, the second push rod electricity The push rod end of machine 69 is connected with guide sleeve 67 by bolted connection;Lifting frame 73 is fixed on guide sleeve by fixed link On 67.
As shown in figure 9, derived type structure includes that left export item 78, right export item 81 and adjustment bar 79, adjustment bar 79 are fixed on It goes up and down on frame 73, adjustment bar 79 is fixed on by bolted connection on lifting frame 73;Left slider is provided in adjustment bar 79 76 and right sliding block 83, left positioning bolt 77 has been bolted on left slider 76, has been bolted right positioning bolt on right sliding block 83 82, left export item 78 is fixed on left slider 76, and right export item 81 is fixed on right sliding block 83, right export item 81 and right export item The export channel passed through for timber is formed between 81;It can by the effect of left export item 78 and right export item 81 using the structure It is output to timber smoothly on the second conveyer belt 11;Derived type structure further includes left pointer and right pointer, has in adjustment bar 79 and carves Line is spent, left pointer and right pointer are separately fixed at left slider 76 and right sliding block 83, and left pointer and right pointer are respectively directed to adjust Graduation mark on item 79;Using the structure, the graduation mark in adjustment bar 79 is respectively directed to by left pointer and right pointer, it can be quick The size for seeing export channel is found, instruction is intuitive.
As shown in figure 8, being further fixed on second controller 65 on locating rack 68, cylinder 71, oscillating cylinder 64 and second are driven Push-rod electric machine 69 is connected with the second controller 65, and in the present embodiment, second controller 65 is used and can be bought in the market Single-chip microcontroller, single-chip microcontroller control cylinder and motor program be it is existing, program does not need to update.
The working principle of drying system is as follows:The output shaft for controlling stepper motor 21 drives driving wheel 22 to rotate, driving wheel 22 are meshed with rack gear 9 keeps sliding seat 19 mobile, and sliding seat 19 drives placement plate 13 mobile, and placement plate 13 is made to be located at the first conveying 2 side of band;
Timber is put into one by one in first conveyer belt 2, timber is oriented to by left importing item 3 and right importing item 18, With the rotation of first conveyer belt 2, timber is transported on storing board 17;The push rod for controlling the first push-rod electric machine 5 drives guide sleeve 16 move from left to right, and guide sleeve 16 drives storing board 17 to move from left to right, multiple timber are lain on storing board 17, and phase Even there is gap between two timber;On storing board 17 one layer pile after, drive mounting bar 24 mobile by manipulator 23, make to install Block 29 is inserted between timber, is opened air pump 27, outside air is transported in left air bag 32 and right air bag 31, with left air bag 32 and the volume of right air bag 31 become larger, the timber on mounting bar 24 is positioned, by manipulator 23 be conveyed into In placement plate 13;
After often putting one layer of timber in placement plate 13 well, the output shaft of control servo motor 38 drives shaft 37 to rotate, shaft 37 drive sliding seat 19 to rotate, and sliding seat 19 drives placement plate 13 to rotate, and so that placement plate 13 is rotated 90 degree, it is ensured that adjacent two layers Timber is staggeredly placed;
After piling in placement plate 13, the piston rod of control positioning cylinder 35 drives positioning pressuring plate 36 to move down, positioning pressure Plate 36 positions timber;The output shaft for controlling stepper motor 21 drives driving wheel 22 to rotate, and driving wheel 22 is meshed with rack gear 9 Keep sliding seat 19 mobile, sliding seat 19 drives placement plate 13 mobile, is located at placement plate 13 in baking oven 6;
So that baking oven 6 is heated up by electric heating tube 42, makes air in diversion pipe by the effect of aspiration pump 49 and check valve 56 The output shaft of one-way flow in 57, control rotary electric machine 53 drives driving gear 55 to carry out back rotation, and driving gear 55 drives driven Gear 52 carrys out back rotation, and driven gear 52 drives rotation axis 51 to carry out back rotation, and rotation axis 51 drives diversion pipe 57 to come back rotation, shape Keep bulk temperature in baking oven 6 uniform at the annular airflow of different directions, by the timber stoving in placement plate 13;Control stepper motor 21 output shaft drives driving wheel 22 to rotate, and driving wheel 22 is meshed with rack gear 9 keeps sliding seat 19 mobile, and the drive of sliding seat 19 is put It is mobile to set plate 13, placement plate 13 is made to be located at 11 side of the second conveyer belt;
The piston rod of control positioning cylinder 35 drives positioning pressuring plate 36 to move up, and is detached from positioning pressuring plate 36 and timber; The push rod for controlling the second push-rod electric machine 69 drives guide sleeve 67 to move up and down, and guide sleeve 67 drives lifting frame 73 to move up and down, and rises Drop frame 73 can adjust desired height position as needed;The piston rod of control driving cylinder 71 moves back and forth, and drives cylinder 71 Piston rod drive pushing plate 72 move back and forth, the timber in placement plate 13 is successively pushed to the second conveyer belt 11 by pushing plate 72 On;The piston rod of control oscillating cylinder 64 drives oscillating rod 63 to move back and forth, and oscillating rod 63 makes the swinging end of the second conveyer belt 11 It swings up and down, the timber height of the swinging end and placement plate 13 that make the second conveyer belt 11 is adapted;By support plate 74 to most upper Next layer of layer timber is supported, and avoids inadvertently falling off during push, to realize the continuous drying operation of timber.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.The neck of technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of drying system, including pedestal, which is characterized in that be provided with conveying device on the pedestal, on pedestal also successively Feeding device, drying unit and blanking device are set;The conveying device includes guide rail and three sliding seats in a ring, guide rail It being fixed on the base, three sliding seats are arranged on guide rail, and the moving structure that sliding seat can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, It is vertically arranged with shaft on sliding seat, the servo motor that shaft lower end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, shaft upper end and be in just Rectangular placement plate is connected, and the location structure that can be located in timber in placement plate is additionally provided on sliding seat;The feeding dress It sets including first conveyer belt, storing board, manipulator and mounting bar, first conveyer belt is set on the base, and is set in first conveyer belt It is equipped with guiding structure, storing board is inclined on pedestal, has 30 idler wheels on storing board, and storing board and one can drive it The mobile mechanism moved back and forth is connected, and storing board upper end is close to first conveyer belt, and storing board lower end is close to guide rail, storing board lower end It is further fixed on limit plate, the separation structure that timber can be separated is provided on limit plate, manipulator one end is fixed on the base, The manipulator other end is connected with mounting bar, mounting blocks there are six fixations on mounting bar, is formed and is used between two neighboring mounting blocks The positioning region of timber is positioned, is additionally provided with the clamping structure that timber can be located in positioning region on pedestal.
2. drying system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be additionally provided between the shaft and placement plate several Reinforcing rod.
3. drying system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the moving structure includes rack gear in a ring, step Into motor and driving wheel, rack gear is fixed on guide rail, and stepper motor is fixed on sliding seat, the output shaft of stepper motor vertically to Under, driving wheel is fixed on the output shaft of stepper motor, and driving wheel and rack is meshed.
4. drying system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the location structure includes positioning pressuring plate, positioning gas Cylinder and mounting rack, on the fixed sliding seat of mounting rack, positioning cylinder is fixed on mounting rack, the piston rod of positioning cylinder vertically to Under, the piston rod end of positioning cylinder is connected with positioning pressuring plate, and positioning pressuring plate can lean with sliding seat.
5. drying system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that it is also set up on the sliding seat there are four universal wheel, And universal wheel leans with pedestal.
6. drying system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the separation structure includes being provided on limit plate Several through holes and several demarcation plates, demarcation plate are separately positioned in corresponding through hole, and demarcation plate one end and one can push it The pusher cylinder moved back and forth is connected, and the demarcation plate other end is to separate end, and separation end can stretch out limit plate.
CN201810311796.0A 2016-08-20 2016-08-20 Drying system Active CN108870879B (en)

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CN112045475A (en) * 2020-08-27 2020-12-08 台州市瑞达机械有限公司 Machining system and machining method for manufacturing automobile parts

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CN106322964B (en) 2018-06-15
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CN108870879B (en) 2020-01-21
CN106322964A (en) 2017-01-11

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