CN108863300A - A kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN108863300A
CN108863300A CN201810829503.8A CN201810829503A CN108863300A CN 108863300 A CN108863300 A CN 108863300A CN 201810829503 A CN201810829503 A CN 201810829503A CN 108863300 A CN108863300 A CN 108863300A
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ceramics
resistance
antidetonation
feldspar
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曾俩丰
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Fujian Dehua Huiyuan Ceramics Co Ltd
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Fujian Dehua Huiyuan Ceramics Co Ltd
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Abstract

Domestic ceramics and preparation method thereof is fallen the invention discloses a kind of antidetonation is resistance to, and the ceramics contain following raw material:20-30 parts of kaolin, 0-20 parts of silica 1,10-20 parts of feldspar, 5-15 parts of bamboo charcoal powder, 3-10 parts of talcum powder, 5-15 parts of zirconium boride, 10-15 parts of cape jasmine, 3-7 parts of ethyl orthosilicate, 3-5 parts of oxidized polyethylene wax, 5-15 parts of epoxy resin, 1-3 parts of silane coupling agent.Simple production process of the invention, technical process is pollution-free, and cost of material is low, and microstructure crystal grain is tiny, and the wear-resistant strength of product is high, and the domestic ceramics anti-seismic performance prepared is high, and mechanical strength is good, durable.

Description

A kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to ceramic fields, and in particular to a kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics and preparation method thereof.
Background technique
Ceramics are to be made using natural clay and various natural minerals as primary raw material by crushing to be kneaded, form and calcine Material various products.Ceramic has because of it similar to the intensity of metal, decorative effect abundant, good wear-resisting Property, chemical stability and the advantages that corrosion resistance, and widely apply in our life and production.
China be in the world earliest using one of the country of ceramics, ceramics because of it even to this day, due to science and technology into Has there are many materials that can replace ceramics, such as stainless steel, plastics in step, and the ratio of ceramic phase made of these materials, Traditional ceramics product the shortcomings that there is also poor mechanical properties, it is non-seismic it is resistance to fall, use process, which accidentally falls off, to be easy to break into pieces.Cause This, is badly in need of developing a kind of completely new ceramic, to improve the performance of ceramic.
Summary of the invention
Domestic ceramics and preparation method thereof is fallen the purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of antidetonation is resistance to, solves current ceramic system Product poor mechanical property the shortcomings that, it is non-seismic it is resistance to fall, use process, which accidentally falls off, is easy the problem of breaking into pieces.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics, and the ceramics contain There is following raw material:20-30 parts of kaolin, 0-20 parts of silica 1,10-20 parts of feldspar, 5-15 parts of bamboo charcoal powder, talcum 3-10 parts of powder, 5-15 parts of zirconium boride, 10-15 parts of cape jasmine, 3-7 parts of ethyl orthosilicate, 3-5 parts of oxidized polyethylene wax, epoxy resin 5-15 parts, 1-3 parts of silane coupling agent.
Preferably, the ceramics contain following raw material:25 parts of kaolin, 5 parts of silica 1,15 parts of feldspar, bamboo 10 parts of powdered carbon, 5 parts of talcum powder, 10 parts of zirconium boride, 12 parts of cape jasmine, 4 parts of oxidized polyethylene wax, 5 parts of ethyl orthosilicate, epoxy resin 10 parts, 2 parts of silane coupling agent.
A kind of resistance to preparation method for falling domestic ceramics of antidetonation, includes the following steps:
(1)It takes kaolin, silica, feldspar to be uniformly mixed, crushes, cross 80-120 mesh, adding water that mass fraction is made is 60- 70% slurries, the wet ball grinding 3h under the revolving speed of 1000-1500r/min, spray drying, 600-700 DEG C of calcining 20-30min, It is continuously heating to 1000-1100 DEG C, is taken out after calcining 1-1.5h and water quenching, drying crushes, crossed 100-150 mesh, mixed Material is closed, for use;
(2)In the ethanol solution that cape jasmine is crushed to the 50-65% for being added to 3-4 times of weight, 80-100 DEG C of decoction 1-1.5h collects filter Liquid recycles ethyl alcohol, for use;
(3)In step(2)Bamboo charcoal powder, oxidized polyethylene wax, talcum powder are added in filtrate and stirs 20-30min, adds positive silicic acid Ethyl ester, epoxy resin, silane coupling agent, zirconium boride and step(1)The mixed material of acquisition, adds going for total material 40-50% The slurry of 300 mesh is obtained by ball mill grinding for ionized water;
(4)Slurry is added to drying and moulding in molding machine and obtains green body, green body is put into the sintering furnace that in-furnace temperature is 150 DEG C In, calcining 4-6h is carried out at a temperature of 1200 DEG C of 1100-, polishing is scraped after being cooled to room temperature, and obtains finished product.
The advantage of the invention is that:Capejasmine extract, bamboo charcoal powder, oxidized polyethylene wax and talcum powder are pre-mixed phase interaction With, can promote to interpenetrate effect between other raw materials, make the ceramic body prepared have very strong adhesiveness;With The interaction such as ethyl orthosilicate, epoxy resin, silane coupling agent, zirconium boride, kaolin, silica, feldspar, can improve pottery The mechanical strength of porcelain significantly reduces the loose problem of ceramic structure, is easy the problem of breaking into pieces, keeps its durable.
Simple production process of the invention, technical process is nontoxic and pollution-free, and cost of material is low, and microstructure crystal grain is tiny, Even air hole distribution, the compressive resistance of product is high, by be added capejasmine extract, bamboo charcoal powder, oxidized polyethylene wax and talcum powder, The ingredients such as ethyl orthosilicate, epoxy resin, silane coupling agent, zirconium boride, kaolin, silica, feldspar, ceramic system obtained Product have many advantages, such as that antidetonation is resistance to and fall, durable.Simultaneously ceramic produced by the present invention can at -20 DEG C cryogenic conditions it is long Phase uses, and embrittlement does not occur, and the coordinated effect of each ingredient, greatly improves ceramic of the present invention through the invention Service life greatly improves the development prospect of ceramics.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment 1:A kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics, and the ceramics contain following raw material:The ceramics contain Following raw material:25 parts of kaolin, 5 parts of silica 1,15 parts of feldspar, 10 parts of bamboo charcoal powder, 5 parts of talcum powder, zirconium boride 10 Part, 12 parts of cape jasmine, 4 parts of oxidized polyethylene wax, 5 parts of ethyl orthosilicate, 10 parts of epoxy resin, 2 parts of silane coupling agent.
The resistance to preparation method for falling domestic ceramics of the antidetonation, includes the following steps:
(1)It takes kaolin, silica, feldspar to be uniformly mixed, crushes, sieve with 100 mesh sieve, adding water that mass fraction is made is 65% Slurries, the wet ball grinding 3h under the revolving speed of 1200r/min, spray drying, 650 DEG C of calcining 25min are continuously heating to 1100 DEG C, It is taken out after calcining 1h and water quenching, drying crushes, crossed 120 meshes, obtain mixed material, for use;
(2)Cape jasmine is crushed and is added in 60% ethanol solution of 4 times of weight, 90 DEG C of decoction 1.5h collect filtrate, ethyl alcohol is recycled, For use;
(3)In step(2)Bamboo charcoal powder, oxidized polyethylene wax, talcum powder are added in filtrate and stirs 25min, adds positive silicic acid second Ester, epoxy resin, silane coupling agent, zirconium boride and step(1)The mixed material of acquisition adds the deionization of total material 45% The slurry of 300 mesh is obtained by ball mill grinding for water;
(4)Slurry is added to drying and moulding in molding machine and obtains green body, green body is put into the sintering furnace that in-furnace temperature is 150 DEG C In, calcining 5h is carried out at a temperature of 1200 DEG C, polishing is scraped after being cooled to room temperature, and obtains finished product.
The test data of general national standard method test:Product appearance is regular, and glaze paint is smooth;Breakdown strength 2120MPa;Rockwell 110 HRA of hardness;Compression strength 125Mpa.
Embodiment 2:A kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics, and the ceramics contain following raw material:20 parts of kaolin, two 10 parts of silica, 10 parts of feldspar, 5 parts of bamboo charcoal powder, 3 parts of talcum powder, 5 parts of zirconium boride, 10 parts of cape jasmine, 3 parts of ethyl orthosilicate, oxidation 3 parts of polyethylene wax, 5 parts of epoxy resin, 1 part of silane coupling agent.
The resistance to preparation method for falling domestic ceramics of the antidetonation, includes the following steps:
(1)It takes kaolin, silica, feldspar to be uniformly mixed, crushes, cross 80 meshes, adding water that mass fraction is made is 60% Slurries, the wet ball grinding 3h under the revolving speed of 1000r/min, spray drying, 600 DEG C of calcining 20min are continuously heating to 1000 DEG C, It is taken out after calcining 1h and water quenching, drying crushes, sieve with 100 mesh sieve, obtain mixed material, for use;
(2)Cape jasmine is crushed and is added in 50% ethanol solution of 3-4 times of weight, 80 DEG C of decoction 1h collect filtrate, ethyl alcohol is recycled, For use;
(3)In step(2)Bamboo charcoal powder, oxidized polyethylene wax, talcum powder are added in filtrate and stirs 20min, adds positive silicic acid second Ester, epoxy resin, silane coupling agent, zirconium boride and step(1)The mixed material of acquisition adds the deionization of total material 40% The slurry of 300 mesh is obtained by ball mill grinding for water;
(4)Slurry is added to drying and moulding in molding machine and obtains green body, green body is put into the sintering furnace that in-furnace temperature is 150 DEG C In, calcining 4h is carried out at a temperature of 1100 DEG C, polishing is scraped after being cooled to room temperature, and obtains finished product.‘
The test data of general national standard method test:Product appearance is regular, and glaze paint is smooth;Breakdown strength 2106MPa;Rockwell hardness 105HRA;Compression strength 100Mpa.
Embodiment 3:A kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics, and the ceramics contain following raw material:30 parts of kaolin, two 20 parts of silica, 20 parts of feldspar, 15 parts of bamboo charcoal powder, 10 parts of talcum powder, 15 parts of zirconium boride, 15 parts of cape jasmine, 7 parts of ethyl orthosilicate, 5 parts of oxidized polyethylene wax, 15 parts of epoxy resin, 3 parts of silane coupling agent.
The resistance to preparation method for falling domestic ceramics of the antidetonation, includes the following steps:
(1)It takes kaolin, silica, feldspar to be uniformly mixed, crushes, cross 120 meshes, adding water that mass fraction is made is 70% Slurries, the wet ball grinding 3h under the revolving speed of 1500r/min, spray drying, 700 DEG C of calcining 20-30min are continuously heating to 1100 DEG C, it is taken out after calcining 1.5h and water quenching, drying crushes, crossed 150 meshes, obtain mixed material, for use;
(2)Cape jasmine is crushed and is added in 65% ethanol solution of 4 times of weight, 100 DEG C of decoction 1.5h collect filtrate, recycle second Alcohol, for use;
(3)In step(2)Bamboo charcoal powder, oxidized polyethylene wax, talcum powder are added in filtrate and stirs 30min, adds positive silicic acid second Ester, epoxy resin, silane coupling agent, zirconium boride and step(1)The mixed material of acquisition adds the deionization of total material 50% The slurry of 300 mesh is obtained by ball mill grinding for water;
(4)Slurry is added to drying and moulding in molding machine and obtains green body, green body is put into the sintering furnace that in-furnace temperature is 150 DEG C In, calcining 6h is carried out at a temperature of 1200 DEG C, polishing is scraped after being cooled to room temperature, and obtains finished product.
The test data of general national standard method test:Product appearance is regular, and glaze paint is smooth;Breakdown strength 2119MPa;Rockwell 106 HRA of hardness;Compression strength 116Mpa.
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, all equivalent changes done according to scope of the present invention patent with Modification, is all covered by the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics, it is characterised in that:The ceramics contain following raw material:Kaolin 20-30 Part, 0-20 parts of silica 1,10-20 parts of feldspar, 5-15 parts of bamboo charcoal powder, 3-10 parts of talcum powder, 5-15 parts of zirconium boride, cape jasmine 10- 15 parts, 3-7 parts of ethyl orthosilicate, 3-5 parts of oxidized polyethylene wax, 5-15 parts of epoxy resin, 1-3 parts of silane coupling agent.
2. a kind of antidetonation according to claim 1 is resistance to fall domestic ceramics, it is characterised in that:The ceramics contain following weight Part raw material:25 parts of kaolin, 5 parts of silica 1,15 parts of feldspar, 10 parts of bamboo charcoal powder, 5 parts of talcum powder, 10 parts of zirconium boride, cape jasmine 12 parts, 5 parts of ethyl orthosilicate, 4 parts of oxidized polyethylene wax, 10 parts of epoxy resin, 2 parts of silane coupling agent.
3. a kind of resistance to preparation method for falling domestic ceramics of antidetonation as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Including as follows Step:
(1)It takes kaolin, silica, feldspar to be uniformly mixed, crushes, cross 80-120 mesh, adding water that mass fraction is made is 60- 70% slurries, the wet ball grinding 3h under the revolving speed of 1000-1500r/min, spray drying, 600-700 DEG C of calcining 20-30min, It is continuously heating to 1000-1100 DEG C, is taken out after calcining 1-1.5h and water quenching, drying crushes, crossed 100-150 mesh, mixed Material is closed, for use;
(2)In the ethanol solution that cape jasmine is crushed to the 50-65% for being added to 3-4 times of weight, 80-100 DEG C of decoction 1-1.5h collects filter Liquid recycles ethyl alcohol, for use;
(3)In step(2)Bamboo charcoal powder, oxidized polyethylene wax, talcum powder are added in filtrate and stirs 20-30min, adds positive silicic acid Ethyl ester, epoxy resin, silane coupling agent, zirconium boride and step(1)The mixed material of acquisition, adds going for total material 40-50% The slurry of 300 mesh is obtained by ball mill grinding for ionized water;
(4)Slurry is added to drying and moulding in molding machine and obtains green body, green body is put into the sintering furnace that in-furnace temperature is 150 DEG C In, calcining 4-6h is carried out at a temperature of 1200 DEG C of 1100-, polishing is scraped after being cooled to room temperature, and obtains finished product.
CN201810829503.8A 2018-07-25 2018-07-25 A kind of antidetonation is resistance to fall domestic ceramics and preparation method thereof Pending CN108863300A (en)

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CN109574499A (en) * 2019-01-29 2019-04-05 福建南平荣坤钢化玻璃有限公司 A kind of high tenacity tempered glass and preparation method thereof
CN109574499B (en) * 2019-01-29 2021-10-26 福建南平荣坤钢化玻璃有限公司 High-toughness toughened glass and preparation method thereof
CN109608159A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-04-12 福建省德化县鹏欣陶瓷有限公司 A kind of wear-resisting ceramic ware for daily use and preparation method thereof

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