CN108862602A - The blocking in-situ monitoring method of pre-buried more monitoring rods - Google Patents

The blocking in-situ monitoring method of pre-buried more monitoring rods Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108862602A
CN108862602A CN201810656948.0A CN201810656948A CN108862602A CN 108862602 A CN108862602 A CN 108862602A CN 201810656948 A CN201810656948 A CN 201810656948A CN 108862602 A CN108862602 A CN 108862602A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
blocking
monitoring
resistivity
artificial swamp
rods
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Application number
CN201810656948.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白少元
丁彦礼
韦益华
王恒华
张智
解庆林
游少鸿
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桂林理工大学
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Application filed by 桂林理工大学 filed Critical 桂林理工大学
Priority to CN201810656948.0A priority Critical patent/CN108862602A/en
Publication of CN108862602A publication Critical patent/CN108862602A/en

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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N27/00Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means
    • G01N27/02Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance
    • G01N27/04Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance by investigating resistance
    • G01N27/041Investigating or analysing materials by the use of electric, electrochemical, or magnetic means by investigating impedance by investigating resistance of a solid body

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of blocking in-situ monitoring methods of pre-buried more monitoring rods.One, the blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp for establishing a pre-buried more monitoring rods includes water distribution area, main body packing area, water plant, blocking monitoring rod, conducting wire, cyclic annular copper electrode and gathering ground;Two, each blocking monitoring rod, dc resistivity instrument or resistivity logging tool are sequentially connected with dc resistivity instrument or resistivity logging tool and resistivity monitoring is carried out by the cyclic annular copper electrode on blocking monitoring rod;Three, the data drawing three-dimensional figures according to all blocking monitoring rods measurements, are distributed according to the resistivity on three-dimensional figure, judge whether blocking occurs or blocking region range.The present invention is directed to the monitoring of artificial swamp blocking region, can fill up large and medium-sized artificial swamp and block the blank accurately monitored;The artificial swamp will provide technical guarantee by promoting for the lasting of the processing of large and medium-sized artificial swamp, operation and maintenance and artificial swamp, efficient operation.

Description

The blocking in-situ monitoring method of pre-buried more monitoring rods
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of sewage, and in particular to a kind of blocking in-situ monitoring side of pre-buried more monitoring rods Method.
Background technique
Constructed wetland waste water treatment technology is a kind of sewage treatment ecological engineering technology risen the 1970s, by In having many advantages, such as that flexibility is good, small investment, low energy consumption, dirt-removing power is stronger, convenient for management, without secondary pollution, using increasingly Generally.However in recent years, artificial swamp frequently occurs the problems such as blocking, purifying property decline, service life in the process of running Shorten.As in 355 drowned flow artificial wet lands of the U.S. and Britain, nearly half is blocked in using 5 years, and filler waterpower passes Conductance declines to a great extent, and 80% water flow directly more flows discharge system by bed body surface, and effluent quality deteriorates, and the length of service is by designing When 50-100 be reduced to 10 years, 5 years even it is shorter;The artificial swamps such as domestic white clay hole, wild goose field, Shatian also occur not With the clogging of degree.As it can be seen that the blockage problem inside artificial wet land system has seriously affected the lasting, high of artificial swamp Effect operation.
Currently, it is relatively simple to the research method of artificial swamp generation judgment of clogging, it is all based on the apparent of tracer experiment Hydraulic detention time(HRT)And residence time destribution(RDT)It studies artificial swamp hydraulic performance characteristics, and passes through artificial swamp Hydraulic performance determines whether artificial swamp blocks.However the method for this determining blocking is both for artificial swamp entirety It is evaluated, blocking region accurately can not be forecast and be positioned, cause to be directed to when administering blocking Artificial swamp integrally carries out replacement filler or dredging, time cost height, deficiency in economic performance.Therefore, for artificial swamp bottleneck area The accurate monitoring in domain is a problem to be solved.
So the invention proposes a kind of blocking in-situ monitoring methods of pre-buried more monitoring rods for this problem, pass through 6 or more blocking monitoring rods are designed in artificial swamp, and the accurate monitoring of blocking can be realized to large and medium-sized artificial swamp.The party Method is to be surveyed premised on blocking the resistivity contrasts in filler region and unplugged filler region by the electrode on blocking monitoring rod The variation for measuring surrounding resistivity, realizes the Exact Forecast of stopping state.This method, which has, designs simple, economy, operational management side Just, technical guarantee is provided for the lasting of artificial swamp, efficient operation.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is can not accurately monitor blocking region for existing large and medium-sized artificial swamp, blocking is caused to control Reason safeguards the problem of no effective technical basis, provides a kind of build and is easy, blocks the monitoring for monitoring accurate artificial swamp Method, it can be achieved that large and medium-sized artificial swamp blocking region accurate monitoring, for artificial swamp continue, efficient operation technology is provided It ensures.
Electrical prospecting in applied geophysics is closely combined together by the artificial swamp with traditional artificial wetland, is filled Advantage of the two in respective field has been waved in distribution, and efficient resistivity detection method is integrated in traditional artificial swamp.
The specific steps are:
One, the blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp for establishing a pre-buried more monitoring rods includes water distribution area, main body packing area, water Plant, blocking monitoring rod, conducting wire, cyclic annular copper electrode and gathering ground.It is greater than 50m in surface area2Artificial swamp in fixed peace 6 or more blocking monitoring rods are filled, the cyclic annular copper electrode of installation on every blocking monitoring rod, cyclic annular copper electrode spacing 5-10cm, and It is connected respectively with conducting wire;Kind is implanted with water plant above main body packing area, the water plant be canna, reed, mullet grass, One of calamus.
Blocking monitoring rod is equipped with following requirement:The spacing between monitoring rod is blocked according to wetland size and monitoring accuracy spirit Adjustment living, and main body packing area is mounted on by the aturegularaintervals net of square or rectangular.
Two, each blocking monitoring rod, dc resistivity are sequentially connected with dc resistivity instrument or resistivity logging tool By the cyclic annular copper electrode progress resistivity monitoring on blocking monitoring rod, monitoring mode, which uses, to be changed for instrument or resistivity logging tool Into resistivity single hole logging method.
Three, the data drawing three-dimensional figure according to all blocking monitoring rod measurements, is distributed according to the resistivity on three-dimensional figure, sentences Whether disconnected blocking occurs or blocking region range, realizes the three-dimension monitor of blocking.
If main body packing area is there is no blocking, each section Resistivity Characteristics are similar, and resistivity value difference is little, then recognize To be uniform resistance;If main body packing area blocks, the filler hole in blocking region is mostly that particles of inorganic material is filled out It fills, and particles of inorganic material resistivity is higher than the resistivity of sewage, so the resistivity of blocking region can be than unplugged region electricity Resistance rate is high, and resistivity is distributed in blocking region part and will increase at this time, and it is stifled then to position and monitor according to this generation in artificial swamp The purpose of blocking monitoring is realized in the position of plug.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The present invention is directed to the monitoring of artificial swamp blocking region, can fill up large and medium-sized artificial The blank that Wetland clogging accurately monitors.The artificial swamp by promote, by for the processing of large and medium-sized artificial swamp, operation and maintenance with And the lasting of artificial swamp, efficient operation provide technical guarantee.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp structural schematic diagram of the pre-buried more monitoring rods of the embodiment of the present invention.
It is marked in figure:1- water distribution area;2- main body packing area;3- water plant;4- blocks monitoring rod;5- conducting wire;6- is cyclic annular Copper electrode;The gathering ground 7-.
Specific embodiment
It is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention below, is not intended to limit the present invention in any form.
Embodiment:
One, the blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp of a pre-buried more monitoring rods is established, as shown in Figure 1, being equipped with water distribution area 1, main body Packing area 2, water plant 3, blocking monitoring rod 4, conducting wire 5, cyclic annular copper electrode 6 and gathering ground 7.
1 length × width × height of water distribution area is 6 × 0.2 × 1.2m;7 length × width × height of gathering ground is 6 × 0.2 × 1.2m;Main body 2 length × width × height of packing area is 12 × 6 × 1.2m;2 two sides of main body packing area are respectively water distribution area 1 and gathering ground 7, entire pre-buried The blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp surface area of more monitoring rods is 72m2, 9 blockings monitorings are evenly distributed in main body packing area 2 Bar 4, pre-buried blocking monitoring rod are 25cm from artificial swamp boundary, and 10 cyclic annular copper electricity are equipped on every blocking monitoring rod 4 Pole 6, the spacing of cyclic annular copper electrode 6 are 10cm, and are connected respectively with conducting wire 5;Kind is implanted with water plant 3 above main body packing area 2, Water plant 3 is canna.
Two, after sewage is entered by water distribution area 1, main body packing area 2 is uniformly flowed to, and remain main body packing area 2 Sewage saturation state.
Three, leading above a blocking monitoring rod 4 of blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp one end of pre-buried more monitoring rods Line 5 connects resistivity logging tool, and resistivity logging tool carries out resistivity by the cyclic annular copper electrode 6 on blocking monitoring rod 4 Monitoring, monitoring mode is using the symmetrical quadrupole device resistivity logging method in applied geophysics.
Four, the conducting wire 5 of other 4 tops of blocking monitoring rod is successively connected resistivity logging tool and carries out resistivity monitoring, Until completing the resistivity monitoring of all 9 electrodes, the monitoring measurement of entire artificial swamp resistivity is finally realized.
Five, the data drawing three-dimensional figure according to all blocking monitoring rod measurements, is distributed according to the resistivity on three-dimensional figure, sentences Whether disconnected blocking occurs or blocking region range, realizes the three-dimension monitor of blocking.
If main body packing area 2 is there is no blocking, each section Resistivity Characteristics are similar, and resistivity value difference is little, then It is considered uniform resistance, Non Apparent Abnormality in resistivity 3-dimensional image figure;If main body packing area 2 blocks, block Filler hole in region is mostly particles of inorganic material filling, and particles of inorganic material resistivity is higher than the resistivity of sewage, so electric To occur high resistance region in resistance rate 3-dimensional image figure, the position according to high resistance region can judge that the region blocks.
In order to more accurately carry out blocking monitoring and positioning to main body packing area 2, one is carried out to artificial swamp every 4 months Secondary monitoring measurement judges whether blocking occurs according to monitoring data variation;The data that each period can also be monitored into Row comparison, can not only monitor blocking position, but also can monitor the development of blocking in this way.
The above is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention in any form, it is all according to According to technical spirit any simple modification, equivalent change and modification to the above embodiments of the invention, still belong to the present invention The protection scope of scheme.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of blocking in-situ monitoring method of pre-buried more monitoring rods, it is characterised in that the specific steps are:
One, the blocking in-situ monitoring artificial swamp for establishing a pre-buried more monitoring rods, includes water distribution area(1), main body packing area (2), water plant(3), blocking monitoring rod(4), conducting wire(5), cyclic annular copper electrode(6)The gathering ground and(7), it is greater than in surface area 50m2Artificial swamp in 6 or more blocking monitoring rods are fixedly mounted(4), every blocking monitoring rod(4)The cyclic annular copper of upper installation Electrode(6), cyclic annular copper electrode(6)Spacing 5-10cm, and conducting wire is used respectively(5)Connection;Main body packing area(2)Top kind is implanted with water Plant(3), the water plant(3)For one of canna, reed, mullet grass and calamus;
Two, each blocking monitoring rod (4), dc resistivity instrument are sequentially connected with dc resistivity instrument or resistivity logging tool By cyclic annular copper electrode (6) the progress resistivity monitoring in blocking monitoring rod (4), monitoring mode is adopted for device or resistivity logging tool With improved resistivity single hole logging method;
Three, the data drawing three-dimensional figure according to all blocking monitoring rod (4) measurements, is distributed according to the resistivity on three-dimensional figure, sentences Whether disconnected blocking occurs or blocking region range, realizes the three-dimension monitor of blocking;
If main body packing area (2) there is no blocking, each section Resistivity Characteristics are similar, and resistivity value difference is little, then recognize To be uniform resistance;If main body packing area (2) block, the filler hole in blocking region is mostly particles of inorganic material Filling, and particles of inorganic material resistivity is higher than the resistivity of sewage, so the resistivity of blocking region can be than unplugged region Resistivity is high, and resistivity is distributed in blocking region part and will increase at this time, then can position according to this and monitor in artificial swamp and occur The purpose of blocking monitoring is realized in the position of blocking.
CN201810656948.0A 2018-06-25 2018-06-25 The blocking in-situ monitoring method of pre-buried more monitoring rods CN108862602A (en)

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CN201810656948.0A CN108862602A (en) 2018-06-25 2018-06-25 The blocking in-situ monitoring method of pre-buried more monitoring rods

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202246266U (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-05-30 桂林理工大学 Device for purifying water body by constructed wetland
CN104049279A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-09-17 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning artificial wetland clogging area through resistivity curve
CN104267437A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-07 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning constructed wetland blocked region through composite profiling apparent resistivity curves
CN104360398A (en) * 2014-11-23 2015-02-18 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning constructed wetland blocked area on basis of two-dimensional resistivity imaging technology
KR101556670B1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-10-01 동산콘크리트산업(주) Light filter type terraced artificial wetland

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202246266U (en) * 2011-10-10 2012-05-30 桂林理工大学 Device for purifying water body by constructed wetland
KR101556670B1 (en) * 2014-03-21 2015-10-01 동산콘크리트산업(주) Light filter type terraced artificial wetland
CN104049279A (en) * 2014-06-28 2014-09-17 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning artificial wetland clogging area through resistivity curve
CN104267437A (en) * 2014-08-29 2015-01-07 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning constructed wetland blocked region through composite profiling apparent resistivity curves
CN104360398A (en) * 2014-11-23 2015-02-18 桂林理工大学 Method for positioning constructed wetland blocked area on basis of two-dimensional resistivity imaging technology

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