CN108852588B - Auxiliary traction device for orthopedics department - Google Patents

Auxiliary traction device for orthopedics department Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108852588B
CN108852588B CN201810812255.6A CN201810812255A CN108852588B CN 108852588 B CN108852588 B CN 108852588B CN 201810812255 A CN201810812255 A CN 201810812255A CN 108852588 B CN108852588 B CN 108852588B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rectangular
leg
traction
gear
support plate
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CN201810812255.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108852588A (en
Inventor
和艳红
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Henan Hospital Traditional Chinese Medicine Second Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM
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Henan Hospital Traditional Chinese Medicine Second Affiliated Hospital of Henan University of Traditional Chinese Medicine TCM
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Publication of CN108852588A publication Critical patent/CN108852588A/en
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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61FFILTERS IMPLANTABLE INTO BLOOD VESSELS; PROSTHESES; DEVICES PROVIDING PATENCY TO, OR PREVENTING COLLAPSING OF, TUBULAR STRUCTURES OF THE BODY, e.g. STENTS; ORTHOPAEDIC, NURSING OR CONTRACEPTIVE DEVICES; FOMENTATION; TREATMENT OR PROTECTION OF EYES OR EARS; BANDAGES, DRESSINGS OR ABSORBENT PADS; FIRST-AID KITS
    • A61F5/00Orthopaedic methods or devices for non-surgical treatment of bones or joints; Nursing devices; Anti-rape devices
    • A61F5/01Orthopaedic devices, e.g. splints, casts or braces
    • A61F5/04Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints
    • A61F5/042Devices for stretching or reducing fractured limbs; Devices for distractions; Splints for extension or stretching
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H15/00Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains
    • A61H15/0078Massage by means of rollers, balls, e.g. inflatable, chains, or roller chains power-driven
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/01Constructive details
    • A61H2201/0119Support for the device
    • A61H2201/0138Support for the device incorporated in furniture
    • A61H2201/0142Beds
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2201/00Characteristics of apparatus not provided for in the preceding codes
    • A61H2201/12Driving means
    • A61H2201/1207Driving means with electric or magnetic drive
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/08Trunk
    • A61H2205/081Back
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61HPHYSICAL THERAPY APPARATUS, e.g. DEVICES FOR LOCATING OR STIMULATING REFLEX POINTS IN THE BODY; ARTIFICIAL RESPIRATION; MASSAGE; BATHING DEVICES FOR SPECIAL THERAPEUTIC OR HYGIENIC PURPOSES OR SPECIFIC PARTS OF THE BODY
    • A61H2205/00Devices for specific parts of the body
    • A61H2205/10Leg

Abstract

The invention relates to an orthopedic auxiliary traction device, which effectively solves the problems that the existing orthopedic auxiliary traction device can not massage the traction part of a patient and can only carry out traction on a certain specific part of the patient while carrying out traction on the patient; the technical scheme comprises the following steps: be equipped with massage draw gear in the bed board front side, this massage draw gear comprises a plurality of sectorial blocks of mutually supporting and the draw gear of setting on the sectorial block, and is a plurality of drive structure about the sectorial block below is equipped with, and drive structure can drive a plurality ofly in proper order about this the sectorial block reciprocates, and this massage draw gear still can massage for patient's back when carrying out the back traction for the patient, is equipped with shank draw gear in the bed board rear side, and this shank draw gear can pull simultaneously two legs of patient as required and also can pull to arbitrary one leg, makes its suitability improve greatly.

Description

Auxiliary traction device for orthopedics department
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of medical instruments, and particularly relates to an orthopedic auxiliary traction device.
Background
The main functions of the traction are that ⑴ slowly draws to achieve the reduction of the fracture and maintain the reduction, corrects the short contraction and the angular displacement, prevents the abnormal healing, brings convenience to the operation, and can be used as an ultimate treatment means for some fractures, ⑵ prevents the fracture end from excessively displacing to stimulate the soft tissue, reduces the secondary soft tissue injury and bleeding, and relieves the pain of patients, ⑶ relaxes the muscles around the fracture end during the waiting operation, reduces the soft tissue adhesion of the fracture end, reduces the reduction difficulty, reduces the soft tissue stripping and bleeding in the operation, and shortens the operation time;
at present, in the treatment process of diseases in orthopedics department in hospital, traction is generally needed, when medical staff pulls an orthopedics patient, a traction bed is needed, the traditional traction bed has a simple structure and relatively single function, because the patient generally keeps a long time in the process of pulling, muscle ache can be caused when the patient pulls for a long time to keep a posture, the treatment of traction is not facilitated, the traditional orthopedics auxiliary traction device is inconvenient to massage the position pulled by the patient in the use process, the recovery of the patient is not facilitated, the patient is more painful in the treatment process, and the traditional traction bed can not well meet various necessary requirements of the medical staff when the medical staff pulls the orthopedics patient, some traction beds can only carry out traction treatment on the spine and lumbar vertebra of the patient and can not carry out auxiliary traction on the patient with leg fracture, therefore, when different patients are met, hospitals need to be equipped with various different traction devices, so that the expense cost is increased, and the maintenance energy of medical staff on equipment is greatly increased, and therefore, the multifunctional orthopaedics auxiliary traction device which can be used for drawing the patients, massaging the drawn parts and being suitable for patients with fractures of the spine, the lumbar vertebra, the legs and the like is particularly important.
Disclosure of Invention
Aiming at the situation and overcoming the defects of the prior art, the invention provides a multifunctional orthopedic auxiliary traction device which is ingenious in structural design, can be used for carrying out auxiliary traction treatment on the spine and the lumbar vertebra of a patient and can also be used for carrying out auxiliary traction training on a leg fracture patient on the basis of a traditional orthopedic auxiliary traction bed, and further, the invention also adds a leg and back massage function in the auxiliary traction process, so that when a human body keeps a traction state for a long time, muscles can not generate ache and are beneficial to the rehabilitation of the fracture patient or the patient just moving an orthopedic operation, and the back massage device can be adjusted forwards and backwards according to different heights of the patient, so that the massage device is always matched with the patient, and the optimal use effect is achieved.
The specific technical scheme is as follows:
traction device is assisted to orthopedics, including the bed board support, the horizontal one side of bed board support up end is fixed with the back backup pad that the level set up and the horizontal opposite side of bed board support is fixed with the shank backup pad that the level set up, a serial communication port, be equipped with massage draw gear in the back backup pad, this massage draw gear comprises a plurality of mutually supporting segment and the draw gear of setting on the segment, and is a plurality of drive structure about the segment below is equipped with, and drive structure can drive a plurality of in proper order about this the segment reciprocates, drive structrual connection has first adjusting device from top to bottom, and this first adjusting device has: massage draw gear's position makes it act on patient's back all the time to the different adjustment of different heights patient height, the back backup pad one end is kept away from to the shank backup pad is equipped with shank draw gear, and this shank draw gear has: can pull two legs of the patient simultaneously or pull any one leg according to the requirement.
Preferably, the up-down driving structure comprises a square frame arranged below the back support plate, the square frame is transversely connected to the lower end face of the back support plate in a sliding manner, the square frame is rotatably connected with a first cylinder, an arc-shaped bulge is arranged on the upper end face of the first cylinder, a circular structure is formed by mutually matching a plurality of fan-shaped blocks, a first rectangular hole with the width equal to the diameter of the circular structure is arranged on the back support plate, the lower end of each fan-shaped block is connected with a wheel carrier, a rotating wheel is rotatably connected onto the wheel carrier and abutted against the upper end face of the first cylinder, a plurality of first teeth are arranged on the circumferential outer wall of the first cylinder, first gears are meshed with the first teeth, the first gear sleeve is fixedly arranged on a first driving motor output shaft which is vertically arranged on the square frame, rectangular sliding grooves are respectively arranged on the transverse two side walls of the first rectangular hole, and arc-shaped plates which are in sliding fit, be connected with first spring between rectangle spout diapire and the arc, the terminal surface is fixed in square frame on two first rectangular poles of vertical interval and vertical setting under the arc, arranges in be fixed with the second drum and the second drum sliding fit of vertical setting on the segment outer wall between segment and the arc arcwall on fixing the primary shaft of terminal surface under the arc, be equipped with draw gear on the segment, this draw gear has: the patient's back is drawn as the segments are raised and the traction device is returned to its original position as the segments are lowered.
Preferably, draw gear is close to sector outer wall one end penetrating including seting up rectangular slide and the rectangular slide of sector up end, the penetrating one end of rectangular slide is equipped with the vertical slip of first rectangular block and first rectangular block up end and is furnished with the second rectangular pole in the rectangular slide, be fixed with on the second rectangular pole fan-shaped sucking disc and the second rectangular pole on the cover be equipped with one end and fix the second spring that the first rectangular block up end other end is fixed in fan-shaped sucking disc terminal surface under the fan-shaped sucking disc, first rectangular block has first rack and the first rack meshing of slip fit in the rectangular slide to have the second gear through the third spring coupling of level setting, the second gear meshing has third gear and third gear meshing to have the vertical second rack of fixing on the arc face.
Preferably, first adjusting device is including fixing the board of falling L of keeping away from first driving motor one side at square frame, the board of falling L is connected with the first screw rod that is on a parallel with the back backup pad and transversely extends and first screw rod through screw-thread fit and rotates and connect terminal surface under the back backup pad, first screw rod outwards stretches out terminal surface under the back backup pad and stretches out the end and be connected with first crank.
Preferably, the lower end face of the leg supporting plate is provided with a leg massaging device, the leg massaging device comprises two third racks which are longitudinally arranged below the leg supporting plate at intervals and transversely extend in a direction parallel to the leg supporting plate, a half gear is meshed between the two third racks, one end of each third rack, which is far away from the back supporting plate, is connected through a third rectangular rod, the two third racks are connected on two first thin plates fixed on the lower end face of the leg supporting plate in a sliding manner, the two opposite sides of each third rack are connected on two first thin plates fixed on the lower end face of the leg supporting plate in a sliding manner, the upper end face of each third rack is transversely provided with a plurality of rectangular bulges at intervals, massaging balls are arranged between any two rectangular bulges, the upper end face of the leg supporting plate is provided with first round holes in sliding fit with the massaging balls, the massaging balls are connected on the lower end face of the leg supporting plate through a plurality of vertically arranged fourth springs, first bevel gear meshing has second bevel gear and second bevel gear cover to connect admittedly in rotating under the shank backup pad terminal surface and the horizontal secondary shaft that extends, the secondary shaft has third bevel gear and scalable third shaft rotation to connect in fixing on first driving motor and the second sheet metal that the level set up, third bevel gear meshing has fourth bevel gear and fourth bevel gear cover admittedly in fixing under the second sheet metal on terminal surface and the fourth axle of vertical setting, fourth bevel gear is with the inherent fourth gear with first gear engaged with of axle sleeve.
Preferably, shank draw gear has the fourth rectangular pole including fixing in the shank backup pad keep away from between the vertical both ends of back backup pad one side the L shape frame that falls and two L shape frames that fall, longitudinal separation is fixed with the telescopic link of vertical setting on the fourth rectangular pole, the longitudinal separation of shank backup pad up end is equipped with the rectangular hole of horizontal extension and the rectangular hole sliding fit has the first cylindrical pole of vertical setting, be connected with circular snap ring between first cylindrical pole and the telescopic link, this circular snap ring has: the leg thickness difference of different patients can be applicable to, it is fixed firm all to be applicable to, first cylindrical pole lower extreme is connected with and stretches out the leg backup pad downwards and the horizontal guide rail that sets up and sliding connection has the second cylindrical pole of vertical setting in guide rail, the second cylindrical pole decentraction is connected with the inherent first friction disk of guide rail end cover is kept away from to the fifth and fifth that vertical setting, two first friction disk top is equipped with two first friction disk contacts and the solid second friction disk of cover on the second driving motor output shaft of vertical setting, and second driving motor fixes on the second adjusting device who sets up terminal surface under the leg backup pad, fifth rotation even in vertical setting under the second adjusting device on the fifth rectangular pole of terminal surface, this second adjusting device has: the position of the circular clamping ring can be adjusted according to the height of different patients, the circular clamping ring is always clamped at the ankle part of the patient, the second adjusting device can also pull any one leg according to the condition of the patient, and the two legs can also be pulled simultaneously.
Preferably, the second adjusting device comprises a sixth rectangular rod which is transversely slidably connected to the lower end face of the leg supporting plate and longitudinally arranged, and is connected to the vertical two ends of the sixth rectangular rod, the leg supporting plate is far away from the lower end face of the transverse end of the back supporting plate, a second screw which is transversely arranged is rotatably connected to the lower end face of the transverse end of the back supporting plate, the second screw is rotatably connected to the sixth rectangular rod through thread fit, one end of the back supporting plate is far away from the second screw, a second crank is connected to the second screw, and the second rectangular rod is slidably connected to the lower end face of the sixth rectangular rod, and the lower end face of the sixth rectangular rod is rotatably connected to third screws which are respectively in thread fit with the two fifth rectangular rods.
Preferably, the circular snap ring comprises two first semicircular snap rings connected together through a lock catch, and the inner wall of each first semicircular snap ring is connected with a second semicircular snap ring through a vertically arranged fifth spring.
Preferably, the bed board support is connected with a plurality of universal wheels with a self-locking function, and the upper end face of one transverse end of the back support plate, which is far away from the leg support plate, is provided with a head fixing frame.
Preferably, scalable third axle includes that third cylindrical rod and third cylindrical rod one end circumference both sides are equipped with the slider, third cylindrical rod sliding fit is equipped with the rectangle spout with slider matched with in the penetrating third drum of one end and third drum inner wall circumference both sides.
The beneficial effects of the technical scheme are as follows:
(1) the orthopedic auxiliary traction device comprises a back supporting plate and a leg supporting plate, wherein a traction device for patients with the spine and the lumbar vertebra is arranged on the back supporting plate, the traction part of the patients can be massaged when the device is used for traction of the patients, so that the patients can not feel sore due to long-time traction posture when the patients are used for traction, and the orthopedic rehabilitation treatment of the patients is facilitated.
(2) According to the invention, one end of the leg supporting plate, which is far away from the back supporting plate, is provided with the leg traction device, the traction device clamps the ankle part of a patient through the circular clamping ring to fix the leg of the patient, the traction device can perform traction aiming at any one leg or two legs simultaneously according to the actual condition of the patient, the position of the leg traction device can be adjusted according to the different body types of the patient, when the patient lies on the traction bed, the leg traction device can be always positioned at the ankle part of the patient, and then the leg traction device can be clamped to pull the leg of the patient.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a front view of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a side view of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view of the present invention with the back support plate removed;
FIG. 4 is a schematic view of the present invention with the leg support plate removed;
FIG. 5 is a schematic bottom view of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the combination of the traction device and the leg massage device according to the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a partially exploded view of the massage traction device of the present invention with the adjustment mechanism engaged;
FIG. 8 is a schematic view of the massage traction device and the adjustment device according to the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a partially exploded view of the massage traction device of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a bottom view of the back support plate in isolation in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a bottom view of the back support plate and the leg support plate shown separated from the bed support in accordance with the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a schematic view of the engagement of the circular clasp with the telescoping rod of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is an exploded view of a third telescoping shaft of the present invention;
fig. 14 is a schematic view of the third rack of the leg massage device in cooperation with the first sheet.
In the figure 1: the back support plate 1, the leg support plate 2, the sector 3, the square frame 4, the first cylinder 5, the arc-shaped protrusion 6, the first rectangular hole 7, the wheel carrier 8, the wheel 9, the first tooth 10, the first gear 11, the first driving motor 12, the rectangular chute 13, the arc-shaped plate 14, the first spring 15, the first rectangular bar 16, the second cylinder 17, the first shaft 18, the rectangular chute 19, the first rectangular block 20, the second rectangular bar 21, the sector suction cup 22, the second spring 23, the third spring 24, the first rack 25, the second gear 26, the second rack 27, the inverted-L-shaped plate 28, the first screw 29, the first crank 30, the third rack 31, the half gear 32, the third rectangular bar 33, the first sheet 34, the rectangular protrusion 35, the massage ball 36, the first circular hole 37, the fourth spring 38, the U-shaped bracket 39, the first bevel gear 40, the second bevel gear 41, the second shaft 42, the third gear 43, a third bevel gear 44, a second thin plate 45, a fourth bevel gear 46, a fourth shaft 47, a fourth gear 48, an inverted-L-shaped frame 49, a fourth rectangular rod 50, a telescopic rod 51, a rectangular hole 52, a first cylindrical rod 53, a circular clamping ring 54, a guide rail 55, a fifth shaft 56, a first friction disc 57, a second driving motor 58, a second friction disc 59, a fifth rectangular rod 60, a sixth rectangular rod 61, a second screw 62, a second crank 63, a third screw 64, a first semicircular clamping ring 65, a second semicircular clamping ring 66, a universal wheel 67, a head fixing frame 68, a fifth spring 69, a bed plate bracket 70, a second cylindrical rod 71, a third gear 72, a third cylindrical rod 73, a sliding block 74, a third cylindrical barrel 75 and a rectangular sliding groove 76.
Detailed Description
The foregoing and other aspects, features and advantages of the invention will be apparent from the following more particular description of embodiments of the invention, as illustrated in the accompanying drawings in which reference is made to figures 1 to 14. The structural contents mentioned in the following embodiments are all referred to the attached drawings of the specification.
Exemplary embodiments of the present invention will be described below with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Embodiment 1, supplementary draw gear of orthopedics, including bed board support 70, the horizontal one side of bed board support 70 up end is fixed with back backup pad 1 that the level set up and the horizontal opposite side of bed board support 70 is fixed with the shank backup pad 2 that the level set up, a serial communication port, be equipped with massage draw gear on the back backup pad 1, this massage draw gear comprises a plurality of sectorial pieces 3 that mutually support and the draw gear of setting on sectorial piece 3, and is a plurality of drive structure about 3 below of sectorial piece is equipped with, and drive structure can drive a plurality ofly from top to bottom 3 of sectorial piece reciprocate, drive structure is connected with first adjusting device from top to bottom, and this first adjusting device has: the position to different adjustment massage draw gear of different height patient height makes it act on patient's back all the time, 1 one end of back backup pad is kept away from to shank backup pad 2 is equipped with shank draw gear, and this shank draw gear has: can pull two legs of the patient simultaneously or pull any one leg according to the requirement.
When the embodiment is used, the invention provides an orthopedic auxiliary traction device, most of the existing orthopedic auxiliary traction devices have single structural function, can not perform stretching traction on multiple parts of a body, and have larger use limitation, and the traditional orthopedic auxiliary traction device does not have a massage function when performing stretching traction, so that the stretching traction of a patient for a long time can cause muscle soreness at the stretching part to cause discomfort of the patient, and is not beneficial to recovery treatment of the patient, the invention provides an orthopedic auxiliary traction device which can perform stretching traction on different parts of the body of the patient, can massage the traction part while traction is performed, can prevent muscle soreness and other discomfort at the traction part of the patient under the condition of long-time traction, and is beneficial to recovery treatment of the patient, the back support plate 1 is provided with a massage traction device, it is a plurality of under the drive of drive structure about the segment 3, rise in proper order and massage patient's back, the segment 3 sets up in the draw gear of segment 3 when rising also pulls patient's back simultaneously, massage when having reached traction, the effect is better, this upper and lower drive structure of another should still is connected with a adjusting device, can make it act on patient's back all the time according to the different adjustment massage draw gear's of different patient height position, suitability greatly increased, 2 back backup pads 1 in shank backup pad still are equipped with shank draw gear, this shank draw gear can pull simultaneously also can pull to arbitrary one leg to two legs of patient as required.
Embodiment 2, on the basis of embodiment 1, the up-down driving structure includes a square frame 4 disposed below the back support plate 1, the square frame 4 is transversely slidably connected to a lower end surface of the back support plate 1, the square frame 4 is rotatably connected to a first cylinder 5, an arc-shaped protrusion 6 is disposed on an upper end surface of the first cylinder 5, a plurality of segments 3 are mutually matched to form a circular structure, the back support plate 1 is provided with a first rectangular hole 7 having a width equal to a diameter of the circular structure, a rotary frame 8 is connected to a lower end of each segment 3, a rotary wheel 9 is rotatably connected to the rotary frame 8, the rotary wheel 9 abuts against an upper end surface of the first cylinder 5, a plurality of first teeth 10 are disposed on a circumferential outer wall of the first cylinder 5, the first teeth 10 are engaged with a first gear 11, the first gear 11 is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of a first driving motor 12 which is vertically disposed on the square frame 4, rectangular spout 13 and rectangular spout 13 sliding fit have been seted up respectively to the horizontal both sides wall of first rectangular hole 7 have with circular structure interval complex arc 14 in the rectangular spout 13, be connected with first spring 15 between rectangular spout 13 diapire and the arc 14, end surface is fixed in square frame 4 through vertical interval and two first rectangular pole 16 of vertical setting under the arc 14 on, arrange in be fixed with the second drum 17 and the second drum 17 sliding fit of vertical setting on the 3 outer wall of sector segment between sector segment 3 and the 14 arcwall of arc on fixing on the first axle 18 of end surface under the arc 14, be equipped with draw gear on sector segment 3, this draw gear has: the patient's back is subjected to traction as the sector 3 is raised, and the traction device returns to its original position as the sector 3 is lowered.
In the use of the embodiment, the up-and-down driving structure is driven by the first cylinder 5 which is rotatably connected to the square frame 4 and provided with the arc-shaped protrusion 6 on the upper end surface to rotate by the first driving motor 12, so as to drive the sector block 3 arranged above the first cylinder 5 to perform reciprocating motion on the vertical position, thereby achieving the effect of traction massage for the patient, specifically, the first driving motor 12 drives the first gear 11 to rotate by driving the first gear 11 so as to drive the first cylinder 5 meshed with the first gear 11 by the first gear 10 to rotate, as the second cylinder 17 vertically arranged is arranged on the outer wall of the sector block 3 and the second cylinder 17 is in sliding fit with the first shaft 18 fixed on the lower end surface of the arc-shaped plate 14, the sector block 3 slides up and down along the first shaft 18, when the arc-shaped protrusion 6 on the first cylinder 5 rotates to the rotating wheel 9 arranged below the sector block 3, make it along the slip of the first axle 18 with the 3 jack-ups of segment, it is a plurality of the segment 3 is by the protruding 6 jack-ups that make progress of arc in proper order, reaches the effect of massaging the patient back then, the 3 upper ends of segment are equipped with draw gear, and this draw gear is along with the horizontal roll-off segment 3 of the rising of segment 3, reaches the effect of pulling the patient back, and along with the decline of this segment 3, the former way of this draw gear transversely slides back, sets up draw gear on segment 3, has reached promptly that tractive effect has also massaged the patient simultaneously, makes traction effect better, does benefit to patient's rehabilitation.
Embodiment 3, on the basis of embodiment 2, the traction device comprises a rectangular slideway 19 arranged on the upper end surface of the sector 3, one end of the rectangular slideway 19, which is close to the outer wall of the sector 3, is through, a first rectangular block 20 which is in sliding fit in the rectangular slideway 19 is arranged at the non-transparent end of the rectangular slideway 19, a second rectangular rod 21 is vertically and slidably arranged on the upper end face of the first rectangular block 20, a fan-shaped suction cup 22 is fixed on the second rectangular rod 21, a second spring 23 with one end fixed on the upper end surface of the first rectangular block 20 and the other end fixed on the lower end surface of the fan-shaped suction cup 22 is sleeved on the second rectangular rod 21, the first rectangular block 20 is connected with a first rack 25 which is in sliding fit in the rectangular slideway 19 through a third spring 24 which is horizontally arranged, and a second gear 26 is meshed with the first rack 25, the second gear 26 is engaged with a third gear 72, and the third gear 72 is engaged with a second rack 27 vertically fixed on the arc-shaped surface of the arc-shaped plate 14.
In the use of the embodiment, when the fan-shaped block 3 is jacked up through the arc-shaped protrusion 6, the third gear 72 connected to the rectangular slideway 19 in a rotating way is meshed with the second rack 27 fixed on the arc-shaped surface of the arc-shaped plate 14, that is, the third gear 72 rotates and drives the second gear 26 meshed with the third gear to rotate at the same time, as the second gear 26 is meshed with the first rack 25 in sliding fit in the rectangular slideway 19, the first rack 25 slides along the direction departing from the first rectangular block 20, the third spring 24 pulls the first rectangular block 20 to slide along the rectangular slideway 19 to the outer wall of the fan-shaped block 3, so as to drive the fan-shaped suction cup 22 to slide out of the fan-shaped block 3, thereby achieving the effect of pulling the back of a patient, specifically, when the two fan-shaped blocks located far away from the leg pulling device are jacked up, the fan-shaped suction cup also slides out of the fan-shaped block, preferably, the fan-shaped suction cup 22 is made of elastic rubber material and the fan-shaped suction cup 22 is in direct contact with the back of the patient, so that the friction force between the fan-shaped suction cup 22 and the back of the patient can be increased, when the two fan-shaped suction cups 22 far away from the leg traction device slide outwards, the effect achieved at this time can be regarded as the stretching traction of the spine relative to the leg traction device arranged at one end of the leg support plate 2 far away from the back support plate 1, when the two fan-shaped suction cups 22 near the leg traction device slide outwards, the effect achieved at this time can be regarded as the stretching traction of the spine relative to the head, and a spring flexible connection is adopted between the first rectangular block 20 and the first rack 25, so that the fan-shaped suction cup 22 can not cause injury to the human body when the fan-shaped suction cup 22 transversely pulls the back of the patient, and the fan-shaped suction cup 22 and the first, there is some margin when the patient's back is pressed against the suction fan 22, so that the patient is also protected from discomfort.
Embodiment 4, on the basis of embodiment 2, the first adjusting device includes an inverted L-shaped plate 28 fixed on one side of the square frame 4 away from the first driving motor 12, the inverted L-shaped plate 28 is connected with a first screw 29 parallel to the back support plate 1 and extending transversely through screw thread fit, the first screw 29 is rotatably connected to the lower end face of the back support plate 1, and the first screw 29 extends outwards from the lower end face of the back support plate 1 and the extending end is connected with a first crank 30.
When the massage traction device is used, the upper part of the square frame 4 is in sliding connection with the back support plate 1, and when different patients have different heights, the positions of the backs of the patients are different, so that the position of the massage traction device can be adjusted according to the difference of the positions of the backs of the patients, at the moment, the position of the massage traction device can be adjusted by swinging the first crank 30, specifically, an inverted L-shaped plate 28 is fixed on one side of the square frame 4, which is far away from the first driving motor 12, the inverted L-shaped plate 28 is matched with a first screw 29 through threads, the first screw 29 is rotatably connected to the lower end of the back support plate 1, the square frame 4 is transversely slid under the back support plate 1 by swinging the first crank 30, at the moment, the arc plate 14 which is slidably matched in the rectangular sliding chute 13 is matched with a circular structure formed by the plurality of fan-shaped blocks 3, the plurality of segments 3 are matched with the arc-shaped plate 14 under the driving of the first screw 29, so that the arc-shaped plate 14 moves in a way of being matched with the movement of the segments 3, and the applicability of the traction device is greatly increased by the second adjusting device.
Embodiment 5, on the basis of embodiment 1, the lower end surface of the leg supporting plate 2 is provided with a leg massaging device, the leg massaging device comprises two third racks 31 longitudinally arranged below the leg supporting plate 2 at intervals and transversely extending in parallel with the leg supporting plate 2, a half gear 32 is engaged between the two third racks 31, one ends of the two third racks 31 far away from the back supporting plate 1 are connected through a third rectangular rod 33, the two opposite sides of the two third racks 31 are slidably connected to two first thin plates 34 fixed on the lower end surface of the leg supporting plate 2, the upper end surface of the third rack 31 is transversely provided with a plurality of rectangular protrusions 35 at intervals, a massaging ball 36 is arranged between any two rectangular protrusions 35, the upper end surface of the leg supporting plate 2 is provided with a first round hole 37 slidably matched with the massaging ball 36, the massaging ball 36 is connected to the lower end surface of the leg supporting plate 2 through a plurality of vertically arranged fourth springs 38, the half gear 32 is rotatably connected to a U-shaped frame 39 fixed to the lower end face of the leg support plate 2, a first bevel gear 40 is coaxially sleeved on the half gear 32, the first bevel gear 40 is meshed with a second bevel gear 41, the second bevel gear 41 is sleeved on a second shaft 42 which is rotatably connected to the lower end face of the leg support plate 2 and extends transversely, the second shaft 42 is connected with a third bevel gear 44 through a telescopic third shaft 43, the telescopic third shaft 43 is rotatably connected to a second thin plate 45 which is fixed to the first drive motor 12 and arranged horizontally, the third bevel gear 44 is meshed with a fourth bevel gear 46, the fourth bevel gear 46 is sleeved on a fourth shaft 47 which is fixed to the lower end face of the second thin plate 45 and arranged vertically, and a fourth gear 48 meshed with the first gear 11 is coaxially sleeved on the fourth bevel gear 46.
In this embodiment, when in use, preferably, the patient can also massage his legs during the stretching and traction process, specifically, a half gear 32 is rotatably connected below the leg support plate 2, the half gear 32 is engaged with two third racks 31 arranged at intervals in the longitudinal direction, the two third racks 31 are slidably connected to two first thin plates 34 fixed on the lower end surface of the leg support plate 2, a first bevel gear 40 is fixedly sleeved on the half gear 32 in a coaxial manner, a second bevel gear 41 is engaged on the first bevel gear 40, the second bevel gear 41 is fixedly sleeved on a second shaft 42 which is rotatably connected below the leg support plate 2 and extends in the transverse direction, the second shaft 42 is connected with a third bevel gear 44 through a telescopic third shaft 43, the third bevel gear 44 is engaged with a fourth bevel gear 46, the third bevel gear 44 is fixedly sleeved on a fourth gear 48 engaged with the first gear 11 in a coaxial manner, so that under the driving of the first driving motor 12, the half-gear 32 is respectively engaged with the two third racks 31 in sequence, so that the two third racks 31 slide back and forth along the directions of the two first thin plates 34, because the upper end surface of the first rack 31 is provided with a plurality of rectangular bulges 35 at intervals, and a massage ball 36 fixed on the lower end surface of the leg support plate 2 through a plurality of fourth springs 38 is arranged between any two rectangular bulges 35, the upper end and the lower end of the massage ball 36 are cylindrical, and the rectangular bulges 35 arranged on the upper end surface of the first rack 31 in the process of the third rack 31 sliding back and forth along the first thin plates 34 jack up the massage ball 36 upwards in sequence, thereby achieving the effect of massaging the legs of the patient.
Embodiment 6, on the basis of embodiment 1, the leg traction device includes that the inverted L-shaped frame 49 fixed at the longitudinal both ends of the leg support plate 2 far away from the back support plate 1 side and the sliding connection between the two inverted L-shaped frames 49 is provided with a fourth rectangular rod 50, the vertical telescopic rod 51 of setting is fixed on the fourth rectangular rod 50 at intervals, the longitudinal interval of the upper end face of the leg support plate 2 is provided with a horizontally extending strip hole 52 and a vertically arranged first cylindrical rod 53 in the strip hole 52, the sliding connection between the first cylindrical rod 53 and the telescopic rod 51 is provided with a circular snap ring 54, and the circular snap ring 54 has: the leg fixing device is suitable for different leg thicknesses of different patients and can be firmly fixed, the lower end of the first cylindrical rod 53 is connected with a guide rail 55 which extends downwards out of the leg support plate 2 and is transversely arranged, a second cylindrical rod 71 which is longitudinally arranged is connected in the guide rail 55 in a sliding manner, the second cylindrical rod 71 is eccentrically connected with a fifth shaft 56 which is longitudinally arranged, one end of the fifth shaft 56, which is far away from the guide rail 55, is fixedly sleeved with a first friction disc 57, a second friction disc 59 which is in contact with the two first friction discs 57 and is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of a second driving motor 58 which is vertically arranged is arranged above the two first friction discs 57, the second driving motor 58 is fixed on a second adjusting device which is arranged on the lower end face of the leg support plate 2, the fifth shaft 56 is rotatably connected with a fifth rectangular rod 60 which is vertically arranged on the lower end face of the second adjusting device: the position of the circular clamping ring 54 can be adjusted according to the height of different patients, the circular clamping ring 54 is always clamped at the ankle part of the patient, and the second adjusting device can also pull any one leg according to the condition of the patient and can also pull two legs simultaneously.
When the leg traction bed is used, when a patient needs to pull and stretch legs, the patient lies on the traction bed flatly, because of the different heights of different patients, the positions of the two circular clamping rings 54 are adjusted through the second adjusting device, the patient can just clamp the ankle parts of the patient, the legs of the patient can be effectively fixed by the circular clamping rings 54 aiming at the different leg thicknesses of different patients, then the legs of the patient can be pulled and stretched by the leg traction device, specifically, the upper ends of the circular clamping rings 54 are respectively connected with the telescopic rod 51, the lower ends of the circular clamping rings 54 are connected with the first cylindrical rods 53, the lower ends of the two first cylindrical rods 53 are connected with the guide rail 55, the guide rail 55 is slidably connected with the second cylindrical rods 71 which are longitudinally arranged, the second cylindrical rods 71 are fixedly connected with the fifth shafts 56 which are longitudinally arranged through a connecting rod eccentric, and the fifth shafts 56 are rotatably connected to the fifth rectangular rods 60 which are vertically arranged on the lower end face of the second adjusting device A first friction disc 57 is fixedly sleeved on one end of the fifth shaft 56, which is far away from the corresponding guide rail 55, a second friction disc 59 which is in contact with the two first friction discs 57 is arranged above the two first friction discs 57, the first friction disc 57 and the second friction disc 59 are shaped like hemispheres, the second friction disc 59 is driven by a second driving motor 58 to drive the two first friction discs 57 to rotate, the second cylindrical rod 71 is rotated at a radius of the connecting rod connected between the fifth shaft 56 and the second cylindrical rod 71, thereby driving the first cylindrical rod 53 to reciprocate up and down, namely, the legs of the patient do the repeated movement of lifting and descending in the vertical direction, thereby achieving the effect of stretching and drawing the legs of the patient, this second adjusting device still can push to arbitrary one according to the difference of patient's condition and stretch and pull, also can pull two legs simultaneously, and its suitability improves greatly.
Embodiment 7, on the basis of embodiment 6, the second adjusting device includes a sixth rectangular rod 61 that is transversely slidably connected to the lower end surface of the leg support plate 2 and is vertically disposed, two first cylindrical rods 53 are vertically and respectively slidably connected to the vertical both ends of the sixth rectangular rod 61, the lower end surface of the horizontal end of the leg support plate 2 away from the back support plate 1 is rotatably connected to a second screw 62 that is transversely disposed, and the second screw 62 is rotatably connected to the sixth rectangular rod 61 through screw-thread fit, one end of the second screw 62 away from the back support plate 1 is connected to a second crank 63, two fifth rectangular rods 60 are slidably connected to the lower end surface of the sixth rectangular rod 61, and the lower end surface of the sixth rectangular rod 61 is rotatably connected to a third screw 64 that is respectively in screw-thread fit with the two fifth rectangular rods 60.
When the embodiment is used, the second adjusting device adjusts the position of the sixth rectangular rod 61 through the second screw rod 62, specifically, because the two first cylindrical rods 53 are vertically and slidably connected to the two longitudinal ends of the sixth rectangular rod 61, the second screw rod 62 is shaken to enable the second cylindrical rods to be in threaded fit to adjust the position of the sixth rectangular rod 61, so that the circular snap ring 54 is always clamped at the ankle of the patient, the other fifth rectangular rod 60 is slidably connected to the lower end of the sixth rectangular rod 61 and is in threaded fit with the third screw rod 64 rotatably connected to the lower end of the sixth rectangular rod 61, the position of the fifth rectangular rod 60 is adjusted by rotating the third screw rod 64, and therefore, the position of the first friction disk 57 is adjusted to enable the first friction disk 57 to be in contact with or not in contact with the second friction disk 59, and the effect of stretching and traction of any leg of the patient is achieved.
Embodiment 8, on the basis of embodiment 6, the circular snap ring 54 includes two first semicircular snap rings 65 connected together through a lock, and a second semicircular snap ring 66 is connected to an inner wall of the first semicircular snap ring 65 through a vertically arranged fifth spring 69.
When the embodiment is used, the circular clamping ring 54 comprises two first semicircular clamping rings 65 connected through a lock catch, the inner walls of the first semicircular clamping rings 65 are connected with second semicircular clamping rings 66 through fifth springs 69, the second semicircular clamping rings 66 are preferably made of elastic rubber, and when the leg thicknesses of different patients are different, the leg thicknesses of the different patients can be different, so that the legs of the patients can be clamped.
In embodiment 9, on the basis of embodiment 1, the bed board bracket 70 is connected to a plurality of universal wheels 67 with a self-locking function, and a head fixing frame 68 is disposed on an upper end surface of one transverse end of the back support plate 1, which is far away from the leg support plate 2.
This embodiment is when using, be equipped with a plurality of universal wheels 67 that have self-locking function on the bed board support, conveniently remove this supplementary draw gear of orthopedics, can remove the device as required, only need one can operate, and is simple and convenient, has alleviateed medical personnel's burden, be equipped with head mount 68 on the back backup pad 1, can cooperate the tensile draw gear of shank that sets up in shank backup pad 2 to use, it is fixed with patient's shank through shank draw gear, head mount 68 is fixed with patient's head, carry out the tensile traction of back to the patient.
Embodiment 10, on the basis of embodiment 5, the retractable third shaft 43 includes a third cylindrical rod 73, and two circumferential sides of one end of the third cylindrical rod 73 are provided with sliding blocks 74, the third cylindrical rod 73 is slidably fitted into a third cylinder 75 having one end penetrating through the third cylinder 75, and two circumferential sides of the inner wall of the third cylinder 75 are provided with rectangular sliding grooves 76 engaged with the sliding blocks 74.
In use, the third shaft 43 is slidably engaged with the third cylindrical shaft 73 and is disposed within the third cylinder 75, and the third shaft 43 is only retractable and cannot rotate relative to the back support plate 1, so as to cooperate with the massage traction device disposed on the back support plate 1 to change the front and rear positions thereof, thereby allowing the first driving motor 12 to drive the leg massage device disposed under the leg support plate 2.
The orthopedic auxiliary traction device comprises a back support plate 1 and a leg support plate 2, wherein a traction device for patients with the spine and the lumbar vertebra is arranged on the back support plate 1, the traction part of the patient can be massaged in the process of traction on the patient, so that the patient can not feel sore due to the fact that a traction posture is maintained for a long time when traction is performed on the patient for a long time, and the orthopedic rehabilitation treatment of the patient is facilitated. According to the invention, one end of the leg supporting plate 2, which is far away from the back supporting plate 1, is provided with a leg traction device, the traction device clamps the ankle part of a patient through a circular clamping ring 54 to fix the leg of the patient, the circular clamping ring 54 can be adjusted according to the thickness of the leg of different patients, so that the leg of the patient can be fixed by the patient with different leg thicknesses, the traction device can be used for traction aiming at any leg or aiming at two legs simultaneously according to the actual condition of the patient, the position of the leg traction device can be adjusted according to the body type of the patient, when the patient lies on the traction bed, the leg traction device can be always positioned at the ankle part of the patient, and then the leg of the patient is pulled by the traction device.
The above description is only for the purpose of illustrating the present invention, and it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to the above embodiments, and various modifications conforming to the spirit of the present invention are within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (9)

1. Traction device is assisted to orthopedics, including bed board support (70), the horizontal one side of bed board support (70) up end is fixed with back backup pad (1) that the level set up and the horizontal opposite side of bed board support (70) is fixed with shank backup pad (2) that the level set up, a serial communication port, be equipped with massage draw gear on back backup pad (1), this massage draw gear comprises a plurality of mutually supporting sector block (3) and the draw gear of setting on sector block (3), and is a plurality of drive structure about sector block (3) below is equipped with, and drive structure can drive a plurality ofly from top to bottom in proper order sector block (3) reciprocate, drive structural connection has first adjusting device from top to bottom, and this first adjusting device has: the position of the massage traction device is adjusted to different heights of patients to enable the massage traction device to act on the back of the patients all the time, one end of the leg supporting plate (2) far away from the back supporting plate (1) is provided with a leg traction device, and the leg traction device is provided with: the two legs of the patient can be simultaneously pulled or any one leg can be pulled according to the requirement;
the up-down driving structure comprises a square frame (4) arranged below a back supporting plate (1), the square frame (4) is connected to the lower end face of the back supporting plate (1) in a transverse sliding mode, the square frame (4) is connected with a first cylinder (5) in a rotating mode, an arc-shaped bulge (6) is arranged on the upper end face of the first cylinder (5), a plurality of fan-shaped blocks (3) are matched with one another to form a circular structure, a first rectangular hole (7) with the width equal to the diameter of the circular structure is formed in the back supporting plate (1), the lower end of each fan-shaped block (3) is connected with a rotating wheel frame (8), a rotating wheel (9) is connected to the rotating wheel frame (8) in a rotating mode, the rotating wheel (9) abuts against the upper end face of the first cylinder (5), a plurality of first teeth (10) are arranged on the circumferential outer wall of the first cylinder (5), and a first gear, the first gear (11) is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of a first driving motor (12) which is fixed on the square frame (4) and is vertically arranged, two transverse side walls of the first rectangular hole (7) are respectively provided with a rectangular sliding chute (13), the rectangular sliding chute (13) is internally and slidably matched with an arc plate (14) which is matched with a circular structure at intervals, a first spring (15) is connected between the bottom wall of the rectangular sliding chute (13) and the arc plate (14), the lower end surface of the arc plate (14) is fixed on the square frame (4) through two vertically and vertically arranged rectangular rods (16), a vertically arranged second cylinder (17) is fixed on the outer wall of the sector block (3) which is arranged between the sector block (3) and the arc surface of the arc plate (14), and the second cylinder (17) is slidably matched and fixed on a first shaft (18) of the lower end surface of the arc plate (14), the fan-shaped block (3) is provided with a traction device, and the traction device arranged on the fan-shaped block (3) is provided with: the back of the patient is drawn along with the rising of the fan-shaped block (3), and the drawing device arranged on the fan-shaped block (3) returns to the original position along with the falling of the fan-shaped block (3).
2. The orthopedic auxiliary traction device according to claim 1, characterized in that the traction device arranged on the sector block (3) comprises a rectangular slide way (19) arranged on the upper end surface of the sector block (3) and one end of the rectangular slide way (19) close to the outer wall of the sector block (3) is through, the end of the rectangular slide way (19) which is not through is provided with a first rectangular block (20) in the rectangular slide way (19) in a sliding fit manner and a second rectangular rod (21) in which the upper end surface of the first rectangular block (20) is vertically slidably matched with the upper end surface of the first rectangular block (20), the second rectangular rod (21) is fixed with a fan-shaped suction cup (22) and sleeved with a second spring (23) with one end fixed on the upper end surface of the first rectangular block (20) and the other end surface fixed on the lower end surface of the fan-shaped suction cup (22), the first rectangular block (20) is connected with a first rack (25) in the rectangular slide way (19) in a sliding fit manner through a horizontally arranged third spring (24), and the first rack ( The second gear (26), the meshing of second gear (26) has third gear (72) and third gear (72) meshing have vertically fix second rack (27) on arc face of arc (14).
3. The orthopedic auxiliary traction device according to claim 1, characterized in that the first adjusting device comprises an inverted L-shaped plate (28) fixed on one side of the square frame (4) far away from the first driving motor (12), the inverted L-shaped plate (28) is connected with a first screw rod (29) which is parallel to the back support plate (1) and transversely extends through screw fit, the first screw rod (29) is rotatably connected with the lower end face of the back support plate (1), and the first screw rod (29) extends outwards out of the lower end face of the back support plate (1) and the extending end is connected with a first crank (30).
4. The orthopedic auxiliary traction device according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower end surface of the leg support plate (2) is provided with a leg massage device, the leg massage device comprises two third racks (31) longitudinally spaced below the leg support plate (2) and transversely extending in parallel with the leg support plate (2), a half gear (32) is engaged between the two third racks (31), one end of each third rack (31) far away from the back support plate (1) is connected through a third rectangular rod (33), two opposite sides of each third rack (31) are slidably connected to two first thin plates (34) fixed on the lower end surface of the leg support plate (2), the upper end surface of each third rack (31) is transversely spaced with a plurality of rectangular protrusions (35) and a massage ball (36) is arranged between any two rectangular protrusions (35), the upper end surface of the leg support plate (2) is provided with a first round hole (37) slidably matched with the massage ball (36), the massage balls (36) are connected to the lower end face of the leg support plate (2) through a plurality of vertically arranged fourth springs (38), the half gear (32) is rotatably connected to a U-shaped frame (39) fixed to the lower end face of the leg support plate (2) and a first bevel gear (40) is coaxially sleeved on the half gear (32), the first bevel gear (40) is meshed with a second bevel gear (41) and the second bevel gear (41) is sleeved on a second shaft (42) which is rotatably connected to the lower end face of the leg support plate (2) and transversely extends, the second shaft (42) is connected with a third bevel gear (44) through a third telescopic shaft (43) and the third telescopic shaft (43) is rotatably connected to a second thin plate (45) which is fixed to the first driving motor (12) and horizontally arranged, the third bevel gear (44) is meshed with a fourth bevel gear (46) and the fourth bevel gear (46) is sleeved on a fourth shaft (47) which is fixed to the lower end face of the second thin plate (45) and vertically arranged, the fourth bevel gear (46) is coaxially sleeved with a fourth gear (48) which is meshed with the first gear (11).
5. The orthopedic auxiliary traction device according to claim 1, characterized in that the leg traction device comprises an inverted L-shaped frame (49) fixed at both longitudinal ends of one side of the leg support plate (2) far away from the back support plate (1) and a fourth rectangular rod (50) connected between the two inverted L-shaped frames (49) in a sliding manner, vertically arranged telescopic rods (51) are fixed on the fourth rectangular rod (50) at intervals in the longitudinal direction, a transversely extending strip hole (52) is arranged at intervals in the longitudinal direction on the upper end face of the leg support plate (2), a vertically arranged first cylindrical rod (53) is in sliding fit in the strip hole (52), a circular clamping ring (54) is connected between the first cylindrical rod (53) and the telescopic rod (51), and the circular clamping ring (54) has: the leg fixing device is suitable for different leg thicknesses of different patients and can be firmly fixed, the lower end of the first cylindrical rod (53) is connected with a guide rail (55) which extends out of the leg supporting plate (2) downwards and is transversely arranged, a second cylindrical rod (71) which is longitudinally arranged is connected in the guide rail (55) in a sliding manner, the second cylindrical rod (71) is eccentrically connected with a fifth shaft (56) which is longitudinally arranged, one end, far away from the guide rail (55), of the fifth shaft (56) is fixedly sleeved with a first friction disc (57), a second friction disc (59) which is contacted with the two first friction discs (57) and is fixedly sleeved on an output shaft of a second driving motor (58) which is vertically arranged is arranged above the two first friction discs (57), the second driving motor (58) is fixed on a second adjusting device which is arranged on the lower end face of the leg supporting plate (2), the fifth shaft (56) is rotationally connected to a fifth rectangular rod (60) which is vertically arranged on the lower end face of, the second adjusting device has: the position of the circular clamping ring (54) can be adjusted according to the height of different patients, the circular clamping ring (54) is always clamped at the ankle part of the patient, the second adjusting device can also pull any one leg according to the condition of the patient, and the two legs can also be pulled simultaneously.
6. The orthopedic auxiliary traction device according to claim 5, wherein the second adjusting device comprises a sixth rectangular rod (61) which is transversely slidably connected to the lower end surface of the leg support plate (2) and is longitudinally arranged, the two first cylindrical rods (53) are vertically and respectively slidably connected to the longitudinal two ends of the sixth rectangular rod (61), the lower end surface of the leg support plate (2) far away from the transverse end of the back support plate (1) is rotatably connected with a second transversely arranged screw rod (62), the second screw rod (62) is rotatably connected to the sixth rectangular rod (61) through thread fit, one end of the second screw rod (62) far away from the back support plate (1) is connected with a second crank (63), the two fifth rectangular rods (60) are slidably connected to the lower end surface of the sixth rectangular rod (61), and the lower end surface of the sixth rectangular rod (61) is rotatably connected with a third screw rod (64) which is respectively in thread fit with the two fifth rectangular rods (60).
7. The orthopedic auxiliary traction device according to claim 5, characterized in that the circular snap ring (54) comprises two first semicircular snap rings (65) connected together through a lock catch, and the inner wall of the first semicircular snap ring (65) is connected with a second semicircular snap ring (66) through a vertically arranged fifth spring (69).
8. Auxiliary traction device for orthopedics department according to claim 1, characterized in that a plurality of universal wheels (67) with self-locking function are connected on the bed board bracket (70), and a head fixing frame (68) is arranged on the upper end face of one end of the back support board (1) far away from the leg support board (2) in the transverse direction.
9. An orthopaedic auxiliary traction device according to claim 4, wherein said telescopic third shaft (43) comprises a third cylindrical rod (73) and the third cylindrical rod (73) is provided with sliding blocks (74) on both sides of one end in the circumferential direction, said third cylindrical rod (73) is slidably fitted in a third cylinder (75) with a through end and the third cylinder (75) is provided with rectangular sliding grooves (76) on both sides of the inner wall in the circumferential direction for fitting with the sliding blocks (74).
CN201810812255.6A 2018-07-23 2018-07-23 Auxiliary traction device for orthopedics department Active CN108852588B (en)

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CN109223542A (en) * 2018-11-26 2019-01-18 魏银龙 A kind of moxibustion device with fixed clamping mechanism
CN110200732B (en) * 2019-07-06 2021-08-03 南通市第一人民医院 Multifunctional orthopedic traction massage physiotherapy bed
CN111956382B (en) * 2020-09-01 2022-04-19 河南省洛阳正骨医院(河南省骨科医院) Orthopedic traction bed
CN112022627A (en) * 2020-09-22 2020-12-04 清远市族原生物科技有限公司 Horizontal postpartum rehabilitation equipment
CN112353662A (en) * 2020-10-11 2021-02-12 彭祖祥 Sliding type massage physiotherapy bed for medical care

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