CN108851170A - A kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method and bakery - Google Patents

A kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method and bakery Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108851170A
CN108851170A CN201810843065.0A CN201810843065A CN108851170A CN 108851170 A CN108851170 A CN 108851170A CN 201810843065 A CN201810843065 A CN 201810843065A CN 108851170 A CN108851170 A CN 108851170A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cigarette
tobacco leaf
baking
tobacco
filling house
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810843065.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨在友
杨建游
王明旭
刘伟阳
李喜旺
许齐
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
GUIZHOU TOBACCO Co ZUNYI BRANCH
Original Assignee
GUIZHOU TOBACCO Co ZUNYI BRANCH
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by GUIZHOU TOBACCO Co ZUNYI BRANCH filed Critical GUIZHOU TOBACCO Co ZUNYI BRANCH
Priority to CN201810843065.0A priority Critical patent/CN108851170A/en
Publication of CN108851170A publication Critical patent/CN108851170A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/10Roasting or cooling tobacco

Abstract

Continuous baking method and bakery are warmed the invention discloses a kind of tobacco leaf is constant, cigarette-filling house's different spaces are configured to humidity region from low to high, respectively correspond each period of baking tobacco leaves technique, fresh tobacco leaves are packed into from low dry and wet zone, automatically into next stage baking process after the stage of completion, the tobacco leaf dried takes out from high dry and wet zone, to achieve the purpose that continuously to toast, compared with prior art, it improves through the invention, tobacco flue-curing has reached saving of work and time, and the purpose of energy consumption is greatly decreased.

Description

A kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method and bakery
Technical field
Continuous baking method and bakery are warmed the present invention relates to a kind of tobacco leaf is constant, belongs to tobacco modulation processing technology neck Domain.
Background technique
Existing tobacco flue-curing carries out in special bulk curing barn, as shown in Figure 1, existing barn mainly by heating room 1, Insulated wall 2, cigarette-filling house 3 and multilayer are hung tobacco rod 4 and are formed, and are respectively equipped with air inlet and return air inlet at about 2 position of insulated wall, heat The hot gas that room 1 generates is flowed in cigarette-filling house by wind direction 6 in figure, is flowed back into heating room after flowing from bottom to up through return air inlet, into Enter in next circulation.Existing baking barn and process matched therewith there are the shortcomings that:Existing baking situation, first is that discontinuous breakpoint Formula baking after concentrating baking 4 to 8 days, after a heatable brick bed under the tobacco leaf dried in barn, then carries out two that is, after barn loads onto tobacco leaf Secondary dress a heatable brick bed baking, baking is non-constant discontinuous, and baking expense is time-consuming;Second is that baking heat-supplying mode is first to be under fire, firepower is according to cigarette Leaf baking process changing yellow stage, fixation stage, the demand of drying muscle stage are ascending again, and finally flame-out process, this roasting mode are deposited In energy significant wastage, especially in fixation later period and drying muscle stage, needing high temperature to water content, seldom cigarette muscle is dried, is had lost Amount of heat, waste of energy.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to:There is provided that a kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method and bakery, it is real The continuous baking of existing tobacco leaf achievees the purpose that saving of work and time, reduces energy consumption, to solve to waste energy existing for existing baking process Source, time-consuming problem.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method, and cigarette-filling house's different spaces are configured At humidity region from low to high, each period of baking tobacco leaves technique is respectively corresponded, fresh tobacco leaves are filled from low dry and wet zone Enter, automatically into next stage baking process after the stage of completion, the tobacco leaf dried takes out from high dry and wet zone, to reach continuous The purpose of baking.
Each period of the baking tobacco leaves technique is changing yellow stage, fixation stage and drying muscle stage.
A kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous bakery, including:Room, insulated wall and cigarette-filling house are heated, is set in insulated wall lower part There is air inlet, is equipped with return air inlet on insulated wall top, further includes:
Air -return duct is arranged in cigarette-filling house, constitutes by insulated wall, bulkhead and every wind bottom plate, wherein bulkhead setting is in dress cigarette It is indoor and parallel with insulated wall, it is arranged between insulated wall and bulkhead lower part every wind bottom plate, and every wind bottom plate and cigarette-filling house bottom There are the inlet channels being connected to air inlet in face, and different height is equipped at intervals with control air regulator on bulkhead;
Reciprocation cycle hangs cigarette device, including driving mechanism, 2 swivel beckets and support frame, support frame are mounted in cigarette-filling house, and 2 Swivel becket may be rotatably mounted at the two sides of support frame respectively, be equipped at intervals with extension tobacco rod between 2 swivel beckets, driving mechanism with turn Rotating ring connection is configured to driving swivel becket and extension tobacco rod is driven to move back and forth up and down;
It is equipped with fresh tobacco leaf entrance door on the top of cigarette-filling house, is equipped with dry tobacco leaf outlet portal in the lower part of cigarette-filling house.
2 swivel becket two sides are connected on the support frame by pulley rotation respectively, in the part week of a wherein swivel becket To engaging tooth is equipped with, which engages connection with a driving gear, and driving gear is connected with the output shaft of driving motor, by driving Dynamic motor provides kinetic energy and drives swivel becket rotation.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:It will form humidity region from low to high in the improved cigarette-filling house of the present invention, Each period of corresponding baking tobacco leaves technique(Changing yellow stage, fixation stage, drying muscle stage), the entire baking process of tobacco leaf is completed, and Cigarette-filling house after improvement, fresh tobacco leaves are packed into from low dry and wet zone, and the tobacco leaf dried takes out from high dry and wet zone, have reached continuous baking mesh , it improves through the invention, tobacco flue-curing has reached saving of work and time, and the purpose of energy consumption is greatly decreased.And with existing baking The progress of technology, part cigarette district have been started to be removed tobacco leaf the baking of tobacco leaf master pulse, have been toasted using the present invention, subtract work Drop sheet, saving energy consumption effect become apparent.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is traditional bulk curing barn cigarette-filling house longitudinal profile;
Fig. 2 is the bulk curing barn cigarette-filling house longitudinal profile of structure of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the main view of swivel becket and driving mechanism structure;
Fig. 4 is the side view of swivel becket and driving mechanism structure;
Description of symbols:1 heating room, 2 insulated walls, 3 cigarette-filling house, 4 hang tobacco rod, and 5 tobacco leaves, 6 wind directions, 7 every wind bottom plate, and 8 every wind Wall, 9 control air regulators, 10 swivel beckets, 11 rotation directions, 12 fresh tobacco leaf entrance doors, 13 dry tobacco leaf outlet portals, 14 engaging tooths, 15 pulleys, 16 driving gears, 17 driving motors, 18 support frames.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawing and invention is described further in specific embodiment:
With reference to Fig. 2, a kind of tobacco leaf is constant according to the present invention warms continuous bakery, including:Heat room 1, insulated wall 2 and cigarette-filling house 3, be equipped with air inlet in 2 lower part of insulated wall, be equipped with return air inlet on 2 top of insulated wall, the hot gas that heating room 3 generates when baking from into It is entered at air port in cigarette-filling house 3, and is returned in heating room 3 from return air inlet and enter subsequent cycle.
Increase air -return duct in cigarette-filling house 3, is constituted by insulated wall 2, bulkhead 8 and every wind bottom plate 7, wherein bulkhead 8 Setting is in cigarette-filling house 3 and parallel with insulated wall 2, apart from 2 a distance of insulated wall, general 20cm to 100cm apart, every Wind bottom plate 7 is arranged between 8 lower part of insulated wall 2 and bulkhead, and there are connect with air inlet with cigarette-filling house 3 bottom surface every wind bottom plate 7 The other end of logical inlet channel, inlet channel is connected to cigarette-filling house 3, heating room 1 generate hot gas can by air inlet and into Gas channel enters in cigarette-filling house 3, and different height is equipped at intervals with multiple control air regulators 9 on bulkhead 8, by cigarette-filling house 3 and returns Air duct connection, realizes the ventilation parameters of different height in cigarette-filling house 3.
Referring to figs. 2 to Fig. 4, reciprocation cycle is installed in cigarette-filling house 3 and hangs cigarette device, including driving mechanism, 2 swivel beckets 10 With support frame 18, support frame 18 is mounted on 3 bottom surface of cigarette-filling house, and 2 swivel beckets 10 may be rotatably mounted at the two of support frame 18 respectively Side, interval is equipped with multiple extension tobacco rods 4 between 2 swivel beckets 10, and driving mechanism is connect with swivel becket 10, is configured to driving and turns Rotating ring 10 drives extension tobacco rod 4 to move back and forth up and down.In one example, 2 10 two sides of swivel becket pass through 15 turns of 2 pulleys respectively It is dynamic to be connected on support frame 18, a wherein swivel becket 10 partially circumferentially, i.e., one whole circle is equipped with engaging tooth 14, the engagement Tooth 14 engages connection with a driving gear 16, and driving gear 16 is connected with the output shaft of driving motor 17, is mentioned by driving motor 17 It drives swivel becket 10 to rotate for kinetic energy, and then extension tobacco rod 4 is driven to move up and down.
Fresh tobacco leaf entrance door 12 is installed on the top of cigarette-filling house 3, dry tobacco leaf outlet portal is installed in the lower part of cigarette-filling house 3 13, corresponding at this time, the rotation direction of swivel becket 10 is that clockwise, i.e. extension tobacco rod 4 moves from top to bottom.In tobacco flue-curing In the process according to method for flue-curing tobacco leaves, tobacco leaf is placed in different mass dryness fractions and humidity baking zone and is toasted.
A kind of tobacco leaf is constant according to the present invention warms continuous baking method, by 3 different spaces of cigarette-filling house be configured to from as low as High humidity region respectively corresponds each period of baking tobacco leaves technique(Such as changing yellow stage, fixation stage and drying muscle stage), will be new Fresh tobacco leaf is packed into from low dry and wet zone, and automatically into next stage baking process after the stage of completion, the tobacco leaf dried is from high level cadre Wet area takes out, to achieve the purpose that continuously to toast.
When baking, barn is constant heat supply first, on this basis, the ventilation quantity of every layer of tobacco leaf is controlled by controlling air regulator 9, Control every layer of ventilation quantity, just will form different dry degree and humidity baking zone, so that it may control every layer of tobacco leaf baking mass dryness fraction and Humidity, it is however generally that, for bakery of the present invention, it is that low-temperature space turns yellow by tobacco leaf that upper layer, which hangs tobacco rod, and middle layer hangs tobacco rod Tobacco leaf is allowed to dry out for middle warm area, it is that high-temperature region allows tobacco leaf master pulse to dry out that tobacco rod is hung by lower layer, under the drive of swivel becket, upper layer The tobacco leaf of flavescence that low-temperature space hangs tobacco rod is transferred to middle warm area middle layer extension tobacco rod and dries out by tobacco leaf, and middle layer low-temperature space hangs tobacco rod The tobacco leaf of flavescence be transferred to middle warm area lower layer hang tobacco rod by tobacco leaf master pulse dry out, master pulse dry out after tobacco leaf timing go out from dry tobacco leaf Mouth door takes out, meanwhile, fresh tobacco leaf is packed into from fresh tobacco leaf entrance door and is turned yellow by tobacco leaf, and continuous tobacco flue-curing is realized with this.
For existing bulk curing barn, hanging tobacco rod can be used three layers, and corresponding air regulator 9 of controlling also is three, in reality In situation, in the case where control air regulator 9 controls, the low-temperature space of tobacco leaf flavescence, the middle warm area that tobacco leaf dries out, tobacco leaf master are respectively represented The high-temperature region that arteries and veins dries out.When concrete application, the tobacco leaf number of rows in each area, the number of plies is not hung tobacco rod by each layer and is limited.In addition, each layer hangs cigarette Low-temperature space that bar is formed, arrives high-temperature region at middle warm area, and not stringent boundary, substantially one from low to high one opposite Stablize layout.Control wind can also according in cigarette-filling house formed low-temperature space, middle warm area, to the needs of high-temperature region, open up more control wind Window.
Bakery of the present invention is based on the improvement carried out for current bulk curing barn vertical plane, i.e., is from bottom to up respectively height Warm area, middle warm area and low-temperature space are being implemented in use, can horizontally arrange, i.e., by multiple extension tobacco rods in same level Different location is arranged, and is formed low-temperature space on cigarette-filling house's inner horizontal, middle warm area, is arrived high-temperature region, fresh tobacco leaf entrance door can Low-temperature space is opened up, dry tobacco leaf outlet portal is provided with high-temperature region.
Constant warm of the invention refers to that heater before tobacco leaf does not toast stopping, disembarking, supply cigarette-filling house Temperature is ok between 38 degree to 48 degree.
The above content is a further detailed description of the present invention in conjunction with specific preferred embodiments, and it cannot be said that Specific implementation of the invention is only limited to these instructions.For those of ordinary skill in the art to which the present invention belongs, exist Under the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, a number of simple deductions or replacements can also be made, all shall be regarded as belonging to of the invention Protection scope.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method, it is characterised in that:Cigarette-filling house's different spaces are configured to from low to high Humidity region, respectively correspond each period of baking tobacco leaves technique, fresh tobacco leaves be packed into from low dry and wet zone, complete one Automatically into next stage baking process after stage, the tobacco leaf dried takes out from high dry and wet zone, to achieve the purpose that continuously to toast.
2. tobacco leaf according to claim 1 is constant to warm continuous baking method, it is characterised in that:The baking tobacco leaves technique Each period be changing yellow stage, fixation stage and drying muscle stage.
Continuous bakery is warmed 3. a kind of tobacco leaf is constant, including:Heat room(1), insulated wall(2)And cigarette-filling house(3), in insulated wall (2)Lower part is equipped with air inlet, in insulated wall(2)Top is equipped with return air inlet, it is characterised in that:Further include:
Air -return duct is arranged in cigarette-filling house(3)It is interior, by insulated wall(2), bulkhead(8)With every wind bottom plate(7)It constitutes, wherein every wind Wall(8)It is arranged in cigarette-filling house(3)Interior and and insulated wall(2)In parallel, every wind bottom plate(7)It is arranged in insulated wall(2)And bulkhead(8) Between lower part, and every wind bottom plate(7)With cigarette-filling house(1)There are the inlet channels being connected to air inlet for bottom surface, in bulkhead(8)On Different height is equipped at intervals with control air regulator(9);
Reciprocation cycle hangs cigarette device, including driving mechanism, 2 swivel beckets(10)And support frame(18), support frame(18)It is mounted on Cigarette-filling house(3)It is interior, 2 swivel beckets(10)It may be rotatably mounted at support frame respectively(18)Two sides, in 2 swivel beckets(10)Between It is equipped at intervals with extension tobacco rod(4), driving mechanism and swivel becket(10)Connection is configured to driving swivel becket(10)It drives and hangs tobacco rod(4) It moves back and forth up and down;
In cigarette-filling house(3)Top be equipped with fresh tobacco leaf entrance door(12), in cigarette-filling house(3)Lower part be equipped with dry tobacco leaf outlet portal (13).
4. tobacco leaf according to claim 3 is constant to warm continuous bakery, it is characterised in that:2 swivel beckets(10)Two sides Pass through pulley respectively(15)It is rotatably connected on support frame(18)On, a swivel becket wherein(10)Partially circumferentially be equipped with engagement Tooth(14), the engaging tooth(14)With a driving gear(16)Engagement connection, drives gear(16)With driving motor(17)Output Axis is connected, by driving motor(17)Kinetic energy is provided and drives swivel becket(10)Rotation.
CN201810843065.0A 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 A kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method and bakery Pending CN108851170A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810843065.0A CN108851170A (en) 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 A kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method and bakery

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810843065.0A CN108851170A (en) 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 A kind of tobacco leaf is constant to warm continuous baking method and bakery

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN108851170A true CN108851170A (en) 2018-11-23

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Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009100666A (en) * 2007-10-22 2009-05-14 Sanshu Sangyo Co Ltd Leaf tobacco dryer for energy-saving type, and method for controlling leaf tobacco drying
CN101579144A (en) * 2009-06-08 2009-11-18 江苏科地现代农业有限公司 Method for baking tobacco leaves and baking room
CN102845824A (en) * 2012-08-27 2013-01-02 张留成 Electric tobacco leaf rod knitting machine
CN103005656A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 姜永辉 Full-automatic tobacco flue-curing house
CN202873768U (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-04-17 张进忠 Intelligent automatic tobacco baking room
CN203314082U (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-12-04 山东临沂烟草有限公司 Curing barn with lifting tobacco hanging rack
CN103653228A (en) * 2012-09-25 2014-03-26 姜永辉 Full-automatic assembly line tobacco curing house and tobacco curing method
CN105852185A (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-17 姜永辉 Continuous production flue-cured tobacco technology of production line tobacco room
CN107692297A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-02-16 贵州省烟草公司黔东南州公司 Barn tobacco leaf modulates electric heater unit
CN107712995A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-02-23 步豪杰 A kind of anti-scorch efficient tobacco leaf roasting machine of automatic turning
CN207523745U (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-06-22 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司绥阳县分公司 A kind of barn tobacco leaf transhipment promotes arranging apparatus

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2009100666A (en) * 2007-10-22 2009-05-14 Sanshu Sangyo Co Ltd Leaf tobacco dryer for energy-saving type, and method for controlling leaf tobacco drying
CN101579144A (en) * 2009-06-08 2009-11-18 江苏科地现代农业有限公司 Method for baking tobacco leaves and baking room
CN102845824A (en) * 2012-08-27 2013-01-02 张留成 Electric tobacco leaf rod knitting machine
CN103653228A (en) * 2012-09-25 2014-03-26 姜永辉 Full-automatic assembly line tobacco curing house and tobacco curing method
CN202873768U (en) * 2012-09-28 2013-04-17 张进忠 Intelligent automatic tobacco baking room
CN103005656A (en) * 2012-11-29 2013-04-03 姜永辉 Full-automatic tobacco flue-curing house
CN203314082U (en) * 2013-06-19 2013-12-04 山东临沂烟草有限公司 Curing barn with lifting tobacco hanging rack
CN105852185A (en) * 2015-01-20 2016-08-17 姜永辉 Continuous production flue-cured tobacco technology of production line tobacco room
CN107712995A (en) * 2017-10-25 2018-02-23 步豪杰 A kind of anti-scorch efficient tobacco leaf roasting machine of automatic turning
CN207523745U (en) * 2017-11-06 2018-06-22 贵州省烟草公司遵义市公司绥阳县分公司 A kind of barn tobacco leaf transhipment promotes arranging apparatus
CN107692297A (en) * 2017-11-08 2018-02-16 贵州省烟草公司黔东南州公司 Barn tobacco leaf modulates electric heater unit

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