CN108849761A - A kind of numerous volume increase keeping method of middle bee expansion - Google Patents

A kind of numerous volume increase keeping method of middle bee expansion Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108849761A
CN108849761A CN201810784088.9A CN201810784088A CN108849761A CN 108849761 A CN108849761 A CN 108849761A CN 201810784088 A CN201810784088 A CN 201810784088A CN 108849761 A CN108849761 A CN 108849761A
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bee
spleen
group
double
nest
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谢坤元
粟本宝
刘德生
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Zhenping Jinyuanchun Food Co Ltd
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Zhenping Jinyuanchun Food Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/033Rearing or breeding invertebrates; New breeds of invertebrates

Abstract

The invention discloses the keeping methods that a kind of middle bee expands numerous volume increase, include the following steps:(1) excellent middle bee colony is selected;(2) the double kings of movable-frame hive raise fast-propagation and strengthen group;(3) skeleton case strengthens group and makes honey.A kind of middle bee of the invention expands the keeping method of numerous volume increase, it is bred using double kings, egg laying amount can double, it is easy to be multiplied into strong group within the relatively short time, it arrives when the sources of nectar and pollen secrete nectar phase, new king bee colony can be placed in skeleton case, acquire sweet powder with jumpbogroup using single king, yield can be doubled than haplometrotic colony;It uses method of the invention that can obtain one kind and makes middle bee colony gesture rapid growth, and efficiently output condition is good, concentration is high, mellowness is palatable, the mature native honey of nutritional ingredient is fully retained for energy.

Description

A kind of numerous volume increase keeping method of middle bee expansion
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of cultural methods of middle bee, and in particular to a kind of numerous volume increase keeping method of middle bee expansion.
Background technique
Bee in middle bee, is a subspecies for Eastern bee, and middle bee has thousands of years of existence history, wild middle bee master in China Live in that rainwater is more, mountain area with the humid air, sources of nectar and pollen type is more, hills region.It is the exclusive honeybee of China Govern-house-variety is the main insect pollinator of the forest community and traditional agriculture based on weedtree tree, have using fragmentary nectariferous plant, Acquisition power is strong, utilization rate is higher, honey harvest is long and adaptability, anti-mite disease resistance are strong, and equal apis mellifera Linnaeus can not less for consumption feed The advantages of analogy, is very suitable to Chinese Mountain Areas and raises surely.
Traditional old wooden barrel, which cultivates wild middle bee, have been followed thousand, and honey quality is superior, rich in nutrition content.But honey produces Measure low, the economic benefit is not high.After movable-frame hive raises technology implementation, reproductive speed is accelerated, and bee colony quantity and honey output obviously increase, But honey quality is again not as good as old wooden barrel honey.There are also skeleton case cultivation method, honeybee its make spleen honey production principle closer to old wooden barrel support Method is grown, only bee colony expands rapidly numerous problem and still needs to research and solve.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of middle bees to expand numerous volume increase keeping method, and can obtain one kind using this method makes Bee colony gesture rapid growth in obtaining, but efficiently output condition is good, concentration is high, mellowness is palatable, the natural of nutritional ingredient is fully retained for energy Mature honey.
Technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of middle bee expands the keeping method of numerous volume increase, includes the following steps:
(1) excellent middle bee colony is selected;
(2) the double kings of movable-frame hive raise fast-propagation and strengthen group
A. the tissue of double Wang Qun:1. utilizing the double Wang Qun of bee in king of the same age tissue;2. using mother and daughter with bee in nest characteristic tissue Double Wang Qun;
B. the management of the double Wang Qun of middle bee
1. preventing honeybee segregation:Twoth area group's gesture will be adjusted by raising double Wang Qun, prevent honeybee segregation;
2. feed is replenished in time:Two queen to lay eggs in double Wang Qun, larva is more in nest, and feed consumption is big;If weather A run of wet weather or extraneous nectar source are bad, and sweet powder should be replenished in time;
3. expanding honeycomb in time:When new bee goes out room successively, bee amount is increasing in nest, overworks bee beard on the outside of partition;This When, to expand honeycomb in time and empty spleen or nest basis frame is added;
4. trying to control swarmming:Close to " Summer Solstice ", honeybee is crowded to capacity in case;There is a small amount of honey flow in the external world;At this point, in nest It is more to cover sub- spleen, lacks queen to lay eggs sky spleen;Bee is taken off in time to propose to cover sub- spleen, exchanged with the ovum worm spleen of small and weak group;
5. if organizing double one areas Wang Shuan Wang Qun of the same age Wang Qun again with old bad same nest loses king, can tempting mature royal cell, tissue is old Less with the double Wang Qun of nest.The more older easier success of queen bee.
6. reorganizing double Wang Qun:" Great Heat " cultivates the high-quality royal cell of a batch, prepares to reorganize double Wang Qun;" the beginning of autumn " nectar source Substantially terminate, royal cell is mature;All bee colonies can be organized into old and young with the double Wang Qun of nest according to mother and daughter with nest characteristic;" Limit of Heat " it Before, new Wang Jun can lay eggs, and lay a solid foundation to cultivate overwintering strong group;
7. making two queen bees overwintering in an area:Shortly before " the Beginning of Winter ", when bee colony is that cell queen bee can be connected spleen band bee by conglomeration It is transferred to great Qu, is allowed overwintering in mono- area two Wang;The remaining honeybee of cell can enter great Qu by queen partition;Otherwise, cell honeybee meeting Whole areas Pian Wang great, last cell queen bee maintain without worker bee;
(3) skeleton case strengthens group and makes honey
A. grid box structure:Skeleton case be it is a kind of between movable-frame hive and soil support between beehive;5 are generally divided into structure Layer, pedestal band observation window, above 4 lattice, every lattice high about 8-12cm passes through into two font structures in the middle part of every lattice with bamboo cane, is used for bee Group makes spleen;23X23,25X25,27X27,30X30 are had in vain in size is general;
B. bee preparation is crossed:Strong group's movable-frame hive bee is selected, is manually divided to two spleens into skeleton case, second night moves back a spleen Hui Yuanqun, Thus there are enough bee shield spleens;The place of grid to be put is determined, first skeleton case is not put, only puts a movable-frame hive standard packing box, purpose It is to allow new king's mating success after grid;
C. movable-frame hive bee crosses to skeleton case:
1. spending case opportunity;When sweet powder source abundance, fine day noon or afternoon is selected to prepare grid;
2. default grid chest spleen;It takes a new spleen to take off bee from movable-frame hive case, preferably covers;Spleen is cut into two sections from centre; The iron wire of the inside is cut with scissors, and spleen would not be fallen by wearing bamboo stick in this way;It preferably takes and shuts door and window in room, prevented from stealing bee;
3. crossing bee;It is opened to want that group of movable-frame hive case ends of case, the skeleton case for putting on the sub- spleen of bamboo stick is placed on original place;Mention spleen Skeleton case top tapping grid beam is put, bee will slowly climb on the spleen of skeleton case;Grid is successfully only climbed up to queen bee with regard to covering at once Lid, box top are directly covered with covering cloth, load onto anti-escape;Movable-frame hive case spleen can retract former case and continue to allow queen bee produce surviving of son;Second Point syrup is fed at night;Because being new spleen when mistake plus being new king not only along on new spleen but also having capping young;It will soon go out Young honeybee;Two weeks will make the 4th piece of spleen of third block, there is within three months or so the grid of the mark frame of six spleens;
D. skeleton case aquaculture management;Skeleton case tends to the feeding feature of soil, without unpacking at any time;Because merging bee colony be by Selection, therefore breed fastly, bee colony is strong, height of turning out for work, and honey is high-quality, saves worry;Honey can be taken above plus lattice in big nectar flow more;No Just spleen inspection is taken out, is checked complete by observation and experience;
E. increase grid;Add grid need to be depending on group's gesture, 2 spleen of movable-frame hive bee received is below once to add 2 lattice all right, Equal spleens, which are all made, has expired again below plus a lattice;Big nectar flow, is then adding a lattice above;
F. honey is taken;If doing full 4 lattice, top lattice are centainly filled with honey, and top lattice pry open a seam, with setline or Thin wire is cut along spleen side Dragsaw type;Taking taking-up bamboo stick away can cut off the honey comb;It has cut and has also put that face is good, and such next time takes The sweet spleen obtained is all new spleen;It will not black, don't bother about him below, their old spleens, which be can do by myself, to be bitten off;It, can be at top in big nectar flow Add a space, allows them to make spleen upwards and deposit honey.
Preferably, the selection method of excellent middle bee colony is in the step (1):
A. to select gathering honey power strong and the bee colony of high yield;
B. it selects not like swarmming, the bee colony of strong group can be maintained, be at least able to maintain that 7~8 frame bee bee colonies;
C. select the ability of anti-sac brood strong;It is identified, is selected without discovery disease pest in group in morbidity season, or Person's disease pest is lower than 5 ‰ bee colony;
D. the bee that selection kiss is long, body is big;The kiss overall length of middle bee worker bee requires to be more than 5.30mm, the requirement of lair internal diameter reach or Greater than 5.00mm;
E. migrating property of selection is weak, disposition is docile, protects spleen ability by force.
Preferably, it is specially using the method for the double Wang Qun of bee in king of the same age tissue in the step (2):
1. using submitting tail group to knit the double Wang Qun of middle bee.High-quality royal cell is cultivated preferably at " the Beginning of summer ", screening disease-resistant performance is strong, The high-quality queen bee group that strong group, sweet powder yield can be maintained high educates Wang Qun and carries out compound shifting worm, cultivates the high-quality royal cell of a batch;" Grain Full " Swarming time terminates substantially, and royal cell maturation can organize double Wang Qun;
2. the double Wang Qun of bee in the weak group's composition of virgin Wang little Qun and original new king separated naturally using the swarmming later period.After swarmming The virgin Wang little Qun that phase separates can be with original Xin Wangruo group Wang Qun in pairs;
Preferably, it is specially using the method for the double Wang Qun of bee in mother and daughter child's hypercharacteristic tissue in the step (2):
The mother and daughter queen bee having relationship by blood can live together a nest, lay eggs with spleen, and the old and young queen bee of consanguinity-less relation can also be total to It occupies a nest, lays eggs with spleen, i.e., old and young same nest.According to this characteristic, 3 months oviposition queen bees can be organized old and young with the double Wang Qun of nest.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are:
A kind of middle bee of the invention expands the keeping method of numerous volume increase, is bred using double kings, and egg laying amount can double, and is easy It is multiplied into strong group within the relatively short time, arrives when the sources of nectar and pollen secrete nectar phase, new king bee colony can be placed in skeleton case, Sweet powder is acquired with jumpbogroup using single king, yield can be doubled than haplometrotic colony;One kind, which can be obtained, using method of the invention makes Bee colony gesture rapid growth in obtaining, but efficiently output condition is good, concentration is high, mellowness is palatable, the natural of nutritional ingredient is fully retained for energy Mature honey.
Specific embodiment
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail, but does not constitute and appoint to of the invention What is limited.
Embodiment 1
A kind of middle bee expands the keeping method of numerous volume increase, includes the following steps:
(1) excellent middle bee colony is selected;
A. to select gathering honey power strong and the bee colony of high yield;
B. it selects not like swarmming, the bee colony of strong group can be maintained, be at least able to maintain that 7~8 frame bee bee colonies;
C. select the ability of anti-sac brood strong;It is identified, is selected without discovery disease pest in group in morbidity season, or Person's disease pest is lower than 5 ‰ bee colony;
D. the bee that selection kiss is long, body is big;The kiss overall length of middle bee worker bee requires to be more than 5.30mm, the requirement of lair internal diameter reach or Greater than 5.00mm;
E. migrating property of selection is weak, disposition is docile, protects spleen ability by force.
(2) the double kings of movable-frame hive raise fast-propagation and strengthen group:It is bred with double kings, egg laying amount can be doubled, is easy relatively It is multiplied into strong group in the short time, arrives when the sources of nectar and pollen secrete nectar phase, new king bee colony can be placed in skeleton case, utilize single king Band jumpbogroup acquires sweet powder, and yield can be doubled than haplometrotic colony;
A. the tissue of double Wang Qun:1. utilizing the double Wang Qun of bee in king of the same age tissue;2. using mother and daughter with bee in nest characteristic tissue Double Wang Qun;
B. the management of the double Wang Qun of middle bee
1. preventing honeybee segregation:Twoth area group's gesture will be adjusted by raising double Wang Qun, prevent honeybee segregation.Especially old and young same nest Honeybee likes the area segregation Yu Xinwang in the area double Wang Qun, Lao Wang.It, can be by more than bee one if mostly another area bee amount of area's bee amount occur lacks situation The ovum worm spleen for going out mono- area of house spleen and Feng Shao in area is exchanged.Mono- area's nest door of Feng Duo is reduced, mono- area's nest door of Feng Shao expands, and allows more The bee that circles in the air enter mono- area bee Shao, the area Shi Liang bee amount is equal.Feed is replenished in time:Two queen to lay eggs in double Wang Qun, in nest Larva is more, and feed consumption is big;If weather a run of wet weather or extraneous nectar source are bad, sweet powder should be replenished in time;
2. feed is replenished in time.Two queen to lay eggs in double Wang Qun, by one section of breeding period, larva is more in nest, and feed disappears Consumption is big.If weather a run of wet weather or extraneous nectar source are bad, sweet powder should be replenished in time.Feeder is put between twoth area.
3. expanding honeycomb in time:When new bee goes out room successively, bee amount is increasing in nest, overworks bee beard on the outside of partition.This When, to expand honeycomb in time and empty spleen or nest basis frame is added.
4. trying to control swarmming.Close to " Summer Solstice ", honeybee is crowded to capacity in case.There is a small amount of honey flow in the external world.At this point, in nest It is more to cover sub- spleen, lacks queen to lay eggs sky spleen.Bee is taken off in time to propose to cover sub- spleen, exchanged with the ovum worm spleen of small and weak group.Shake sky Nest memory honey, forces acquisition bee to acquire new nectar source ahead of time.It is properly added high-quality empty spleen or upper nest basis frame makes spleen.
5. if organizing double one areas Wang Shuan Wang Qun of the same age Wang Qun again with old bad same nest loses king, can tempting mature royal cell, tissue is old Less with the double Wang Qun of nest.The more older easier success of queen bee.
6. reorganizing double Wang Qun:" Great Heat " cultivates the high-quality royal cell of a batch, prepares to reorganize double Wang Qun." Great Heat " is exactly Big nectar flow, drone is numerous, is the good chance for cultivating autumn king.Select the queen bee that disease resistance is strong, maintains strong group, sweet powder yield high Group educates Wang Qun and cultivates a collection of royal cell." the beginning of autumn " nectar source terminates substantially, and royal cell is mature.Can will own according to mother and daughter with nest characteristic Bee colony is organized into old and young with the double Wang Qun of nest.Before " Limit of Heat ", new Wang Jun can lay eggs, and lay a solid foundation to cultivate overwintering strong group.
7. making two queen bees overwintering in an area:Shortly before " the Beginning of Winter ", when bee colony is that cell queen bee can be connected spleen band bee by conglomeration It is transferred to great Qu, is allowed overwintering in mono- area two Wang;The remaining honeybee of cell can enter great Qu by queen partition;Otherwise, cell honeybee meeting Whole areas Pian Wang great, last cell queen bee maintain without worker bee.
(3) skeleton case strengthens group and makes honey
A. grid box structure:Skeleton case be it is a kind of between movable-frame hive and soil support between beehive;5 are generally divided into structure Layer, pedestal band observation window, above 4 lattice, every lattice high about 8-12cm passes through into two font structures in the middle part of every lattice with bamboo cane, is used for bee Group makes spleen;23X23,25X25,27X27,30X30 are had in vain in size is general;
B. bee preparation is crossed:Strong group's movable-frame hive bee is selected, is manually divided to two spleens into skeleton case, second night moves back a spleen Hui Yuanqun, Thus there are enough bee shield spleens;The place of grid to be put is determined, first skeleton case is not put, only puts a movable-frame hive standard packing box, purpose It is to allow new king's mating success after grid;
C. movable-frame hive bee crosses to skeleton case:
1. spending case opportunity;When sweet powder source abundance, fine day noon or afternoon is selected to prepare grid;
2. default grid chest spleen;It takes a new spleen to take off bee from movable-frame hive case, preferably covers;Spleen is cut into two sections from centre; The iron wire of the inside is cut with scissors, and spleen would not be fallen by wearing bamboo stick in this way;It preferably takes and shuts door and window in room, prevented from stealing bee;
3. crossing bee;It is opened to want that group of movable-frame hive case ends of case, the skeleton case for putting on the sub- spleen of bamboo stick is placed on original place;Mention spleen Skeleton case top tapping grid beam is put, bee will slowly climb on the spleen of skeleton case;Grid is successfully only climbed up to queen bee with regard to covering at once Lid, box top are directly covered with covering cloth, load onto anti-escape;Movable-frame hive case spleen can retract former case and continue to allow queen bee produce surviving of son;Second Point syrup is fed at night;Because being new spleen when mistake plus being new king not only along on new spleen but also having capping young;It will soon go out Young honeybee;Two weeks will make the 4th piece of spleen of third block, there is within three months or so the grid of the mark frame of six spleens;
D. skeleton case aquaculture management;Skeleton case tends to the feeding feature of soil, without unpacking at any time;Because merging bee colony be by Selection, therefore breed fastly, bee colony is strong, height of turning out for work, and honey is high-quality, saves worry;Honey can be taken above plus lattice in big nectar flow more;No Just spleen inspection is taken out, is checked complete by observation and experience;
E. increase grid;Add grid need to be depending on group's gesture, 2 spleen of movable-frame hive bee received is below once to add 2 lattice all right, Equal spleens, which are all made, has expired again below plus a lattice;Big nectar flow, is then adding a lattice above;
F. honey is taken;If doing full 4 lattice, top lattice are centainly filled with honey, and top lattice pry open a seam, with setline or Thin wire is cut along spleen side Dragsaw type;Taking taking-up bamboo stick away can cut off the honey comb;It has cut and has also put that face is good, and such next time takes The sweet spleen obtained is all new spleen;It will not black, don't bother about him below, their old spleens, which be can do by myself, to be bitten off;It, can be at top in big nectar flow Add a space, allows them to make spleen upwards and deposit honey.
Embodiment 2
Method using the double Wang Qun of bee in king of the same age tissue is specially:
1. using submitting tail group to knit the double Wang Qun of middle bee;Swarming time cannot organize in the double Wang Qun of bee;The double kings of swarming time tissue Group is easy to induce swarmming;Big nectar flow of the high-quality royal cell preferably at " the Beginning of summer " is cultivated, swarmming mid-term is arrived, most of bee colony has point Bee heat, swarming time drone are more;The high-quality queen bee group that screening disease-resistant performance is strong, strong group, sweet powder yield can be maintained high educates Wang Qunjin The compound shifting worm of row cultivates the high-quality royal cell of a batch;" Grain Full " swarming time terminates substantially, and royal cell maturation can organize double Wang Qun.
Using square beehive (12 frame case), the sphere characteristic of bee, can optimize honeycomb structure in square beehive adaptation;In The double Wang Qun bee frame queen partitions in of bee will be divided into twoth area of size in case:Great Qu puts 9 spleens, the area Zuo Zhumi;Cell puts 3 spleens, Breeding area of system;Intercommunication between worker bee, queen bee are separated by queen partition;Twoth area respectively open movable nest door, and cell opens rear nest door, and great Qu is abutted Partition is inserted into partition living, and the area Shi Liang honeybee is temporarily not susceptible to come and go, and virgin king's mating is easily successful.
Royal cell, which covers, mentions double king mating groups for 6 days, and 1 group, every area mentions 2 spleen foot bees;1, which is mentioned, with bee out of strong group just goes out the old of room Pupa spleen, 1 ovum worm spleen;If old bee returns to former nest and can tremble again into a spleen bee;External box wall is respectively leaned on, partition is let live;Upper cover covers cloth and small Cotton-wadded quilt;Nest door, cell open rear nest door before great Qu is opened, and making virgin king's mating, fallibility is not thrown;Twoth area respectively lure the king into 1 capping 7 days Platform;
7 days inspection department queen oviposition situations;If two area queen bees have laid eggs, at dusk after bee colony is stopped action, extraction is abutted The work partition of partition spreads half cup white wine toward the space great Qu with small wine cup, and the area Shi Liang smell is identical;Nest door, double Wang Qun after cell is stifled That is tissue success.
2. the double Wang Qun of bee in the weak group's composition of virgin Wang little Qun and original new king separated naturally using the swarmming later period;After swarmming The virgin Wang little Qun that phase separates can be with original Xin Wangruo group Wang Qun in pairs;The weak group of new king is first adjusted, the area Ruo Qun great is bred, from Bee is taken off in group and extracts 1 sweet powder spleen out, and catching swarmming groupuscule is allowed to use;Weak group remains 2 spleens, leans on a side box wall, lets live partition.
With the sweet powder spleen catching swarmming groupuscule of proposition, 1 honeycomb can be harvested, is put into 1 small empty van;Swarming time is last Naturally the non-mating oviposition of the small bee colony virgin Wang Jun separated;If original weak group sits in the north facing the south, new catching groupuscule can sit Xi Chaodong, At a distance of half meter, virgin king's mating not throw by fallibility;1 ovum worm spleen is called in, the love nest of groupuscule is increased;Upper cover covers cloth and small cotton-wadded quilt, Prize feeding is carried out at night.
7 Tian Hou inspection department queens oviposition situation;If virgin king has been laid eggs, when dusk bee colony is stopped action, a weak group of mean people is raised Area's cotton-wadded quilt and cloth is covered, catching groupuscule is gently put into people's cell, leaned on a side box wall, let live partition;Remaining honeybee is swept with bee in small case Gently it is swept into cell;With small wine cup toward removing half cup white wine at space;The weak group's nest door of great Qu is reduced as far as possible within 2nd day, cell is made to circle in the air Bee in easy entry, does not keep twoth area group's gesture in a basic balance;Double Wang Qun, that is, tissue success.
Embodiment 3
Method using the double Wang Qun of bee in mother and daughter child's hypercharacteristic tissue is specially:Through test of many times, the mother that has relationship by blood Female queen bee can live together a nest, lay eggs with spleen, and the old and young queen bee of consanguinity-less relation can also cohabit a nest, lay eggs with spleen, i.e., old and young Same nest.According to this characteristic, 3 months oviposition queen bees can be organized old and young with the double Wang Qun of nest.
In a planned way cultivate drone, after drone goes out room, select high-quality queen bee group carry out manually educate king, every night to educate Wang Qun reward Feeding, until royal cell covers.Royal cell covers 6 days, and old 2 spleen bee of queen bee band is transferred to cell, opens cell nest door.Great Qu remains 5 spleen bees, People's partition living is inserted against partition, bee colony is made to feel to be easy to receive royal cell without king in nest.Royal cell covers 7 days, in two frame of great Qu bee colony It is lured between beam into 1 mature royal cell.Inspection department queen in afternoon puts into effect situation within 2nd day.After virgin king puts into effect, general mating in 5 days, 7 Its oviposition.Cell nest door must be shut by putting into effect 2 days, allowed two area workers bee temporarily to go out people from great Qu nest door, be not easy virgin king's mating It is strayed into cell.7 days inspection department queen oviposition situations after virgin king's oviposition, can extract the work partition against queen partition, the area Shi Liang honey out Bee intercommunication opens cell nest door, worker bee is allowed to enter and leave from two nest doors.Double Wang Qun, that is, tissue success.
If the old and the young easily abandon Lao Wang with the double Wang Qun of nest two Wang, mono- area oviposition, bee colony, 7 had day, 10 day half a month having, It longest 2 months, before old queen bee can die of nest, can't be permanent with the nest time.It is permanent to the same nest time, it is necessary to subregion raising. New king's fecundity is strong, is put in great Qu, 5 honeycomb breedings;Lao Wang fecundity is weak, is put in cell, 2 honeycomb breedings.Sub- spleen is neat Area is big, easily forms strong group.As long as management is proper, shortly before two kings can be with nest to first nectar source of the end of spring and the beginning of summer in next year.At that time Bad king is removed, using single king with jumpbogroup gathering honey." the Beginning of summer " cultivates high-quality royal cell again, and " Grain Full " nectar source is to latter stage, swarming time knot Beam, royal cell maturation organize double Wang Qun again, cultivate forager of proper age for next nectar source (twigs of the chaste tree).
It is all made within the scope of the spirit and principles in the present invention the foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the invention What modifications, equivalent substitutions and improvements etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of middle bee expands the keeping method of numerous volume increase, feature is being, includes the following steps:
(1) excellent middle bee colony is selected;
(2) the double kings of movable-frame hive raise fast-propagation and strengthen group;
A. the tissue of double Wang Qun:1. utilizing the double Wang Qun of bee in king of the same age tissue;2. using mother and daughter with the double kings of bee in nest characteristic tissue Group;
B. the management of the double Wang Qun of middle bee
1. preventing honeybee segregation:Twoth area group's gesture will be adjusted by raising double Wang Qun, prevent honeybee segregation;
2. feed is replenished in time:Two queen to lay eggs in double Wang Qun, larva is more in nest, and feed consumption is big;If weather is overcast and rainy Unbroken or extraneous nectar source is bad, and sweet powder should be replenished in time;
3. expanding honeycomb in time:When new bee goes out room successively, bee amount is increasing in nest, overworks bee beard on the outside of partition;At this point, wanting Expand honeycomb in time and empty spleen or nest basis frame is added;
4. trying to control swarmming:Close to " Summer Solstice ", honeybee is crowded to capacity in case;There is a small amount of honey flow in the external world;At this point, nest inner cover Sub- spleen is more, lacks queen to lay eggs sky spleen;Bee is taken off in time to propose to cover sub- spleen, exchanged with the ovum worm spleen of small and weak group;
5. if organizing double one areas Wang Shuan Wang Qun of the same age Wang Qun again with old bad same nest loses king, can tempting mature royal cell, organize old and young same The double Wang Qun of nest.The more older easier success of queen bee.
6. reorganizing double Wang Qun:" Great Heat " cultivates the high-quality royal cell of a batch, prepares to reorganize double Wang Qun;" the beginning of autumn " nectar source is basic Terminate, royal cell is mature;All bee colonies can be organized into old and young with the double Wang Qun of nest according to mother and daughter with nest characteristic;Before " Limit of Heat ", newly Wang Junke oviposition is laid a solid foundation to cultivate overwintering strong group;
7. making two queen bees overwintering in an area:Shortly before " the Beginning of Winter ", when bee colony is that cell queen bee can be connected spleen band bee and is transferred to by conglomeration Great Qu allows overwintering in mono- area two Wang;The remaining honeybee of cell can enter great Qu by queen partition;Otherwise, cell honeybee can be all The area Pian Wang great, last cell queen bee maintain without worker bee;
(3) skeleton case strengthens group and makes honey
A. grid box structure:Skeleton case be it is a kind of between movable-frame hive and soil support between beehive;5 layers are generally divided into structure, bottom Seat band observation window, above 4 lattice, every lattice high about 8-12cm passes through into two font structures in the middle part of every lattice with bamboo cane, made for bee colony Spleen;23X23,25X25,27X27,30X30 are had in vain in size is general;
B. bee preparation is crossed:Strong group's movable-frame hive bee is selected, is manually divided to two spleens into skeleton case, second night moves back a spleen Hui Yuanqun, in this way Just there are enough bee shield spleens;The place of grid to be put is determined, first skeleton case is not put, only puts a movable-frame hive standard packing box, it is therefore an objective to allow New king's mating success is after grid;
C. movable-frame hive bee crosses to skeleton case:
1. spending case opportunity;When sweet powder source abundance, fine day noon or afternoon is selected to prepare grid;
2. default grid chest spleen;It takes a new spleen to take off bee from movable-frame hive case, preferably covers;Spleen is cut into two sections from centre;The inside Iron wire cut with scissors, spleen would not be fallen by wearing bamboo stick in this way;It preferably takes and shuts door and window in room, prevented from stealing bee;
3. crossing bee;It is opened to want that group of movable-frame hive case ends of case, the skeleton case for putting on the sub- spleen of bamboo stick is placed on original place;It mentions spleen and puts lattice Grid beam is touched on sub- case top, and bee will slowly climb on the spleen of skeleton case;Only grid is successfully climbed up to queen bee with regard to closeing the lid at once, Box top is directly covered with covering cloth, loads onto anti-escape;Movable-frame hive case spleen can retract former case and continue to allow queen bee produce surviving of son;Second feeds at night Point syrup;Because being new spleen when mistake plus being new king not only along on new spleen but also having capping young;Young honeybee will soon be gone out;Half The 4th piece of spleen of third block will have been made within a month, has there is within three months or so the grid of the mark frame of six spleens;
D. skeleton case aquaculture management;Skeleton case tends to the feeding feature of soil, without unpacking at any time;Because merging bee colony is by selection , therefore breed fastly, bee colony is strong, height of turning out for work, and honey is high-quality, saves worry;Honey can be taken above plus lattice in big nectar flow more;Inconvenience is taken out Spleen inspection checks complete by observation and experience;
E. increase grid;Add grid need to be depending on group's gesture, 2 spleen of movable-frame hive bee received is below once to add 2 lattice all right, waits spleens All making has expired adds a lattice below again;Big nectar flow, is then adding a lattice above;
F. honey is taken;If doing full 4 lattice, top lattice are centainly filled with honey, and top lattice pry open a seam, with setline or thin iron Silk is cut along spleen side Dragsaw type;Taking taking-up bamboo stick away can cut off the honey comb;It has cut and has also put that face is good, next time in this way obtains Sweet spleen is all new spleen;It will not black, don't bother about him below, their old spleens, which be can do by myself, to be bitten off;In big nectar flow, one can be added at top A space allows them to make spleen upwards and deposits honey.
2. a kind of middle bee as described in claim 1 expands the keeping method of numerous volume increase, feature is being:In the step (1) The selection method of excellent middle bee colony is:
A. to select gathering honey power strong and the bee colony of high yield;
B. it selects not like swarmming, the bee colony of strong group can be maintained, be at least able to maintain that 7~8 frame bee bee colonies;
C. select the ability of anti-sac brood strong;It is identified, is selected in group without discovery disease pest, or disease in morbidity season Worm is lower than 5 ‰ bee colony;
D. the bee that selection kiss is long, body is big;The kiss overall length of middle bee worker bee is required more than 5.30mm, and lair internal diameter requires to reach or surpass 5.00mm;
E. migrating property of selection is weak, disposition is docile, protects spleen ability by force.
3. a kind of middle bee as described in claim 1 expands the keeping method of numerous volume increase, feature is being:In the step (2) Method using the double Wang Qun of bee in king of the same age tissue is specially:
1. using submitting tail group to knit the double Wang Qun of middle bee.High-quality royal cell is cultivated preferably at " the Beginning of summer ", screening disease-resistant performance is strong, can tie up It holds the high high-quality queen bee group of strong group, sweet powder yield and educates Wang Qun and carry out compound shifting worm, cultivate a collection of high-quality royal cell;" Grain Full " swarmming Phase terminates substantially, and royal cell maturation can organize double Wang Qun;
2. the double Wang Qun of bee in the weak group's composition of virgin Wang little Qun and original new king separated naturally using the swarmming later period.The swarmming later period point Virgin Wang little Qun out can be with original Xin Wangruo group Wang Qun in pairs.
4. a kind of middle bee as described in claim 1 expands the keeping method of numerous volume increase, feature is being:In the step (2) Method using the double Wang Qun of bee in mother and daughter child's hypercharacteristic tissue is specially:The mother and daughter queen bee having relationship by blood can live together a nest, It laying eggs with spleen, the old and young queen bee of consanguinity-less relation can also cohabit a nest, it lays eggs with spleen, i.e., old and young same nest.According to this characteristic, 3 The oviposition queen bee of the moon can be organized old and young with the double Wang Qun of nest.
CN201810784088.9A 2018-07-17 2018-07-17 A kind of numerous volume increase keeping method of middle bee expansion Pending CN108849761A (en)

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Application publication date: 20181123