CN108849647B - Ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquaculture method containing fish and plant symbiotic culture solution - Google Patents

Ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquaculture method containing fish and plant symbiotic culture solution Download PDF

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CN108849647B
CN108849647B CN201810739492.4A CN201810739492A CN108849647B CN 108849647 B CN108849647 B CN 108849647B CN 201810739492 A CN201810739492 A CN 201810739492A CN 108849647 B CN108849647 B CN 108849647B
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water
fish
ecological water
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CN108849647A (en
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宋江波
黄金花
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Xinjiang Xuri Xinling Environmental Protection Technology Co ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/60Fishing; Aquaculture; Aquafarming

Abstract

The invention relates to the technical field of vegetable and aquaculture, in particular to an ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquaculture method containing fish and plant symbiotic culture solution; firstly, adding fish and plant symbiotic culture solution and a bacteria room containing beneficial bacteria groups into ecological water; secondly, carrying out oxygen melting treatment; thirdly, after being absorbed by the roots of the fruits and vegetables, the aquatic animals absorb and decompose the fruits and vegetables; and fourthly, performing disinfection treatment. The fish-plant symbiotic culture solution is added only once, and a large amount of beneficial flora contained in the added fish-plant symbiotic culture solution enables Australia crayfish, microorganisms and plants to form a symbiotic ecological relationship, so that the water quality is more stable, and the production cost of fish-plant symbiosis is greatly reduced; by the cultivation method, the fruits and vegetables are not fertilized and are not sprayed with pesticide, the growth period is prolonged, and the cultivation quality, scale, supply and production benefit are improved; meanwhile, the symbiotic culture solution for the fish plants does not contain chemical components, and the fish plants cultured by the method have no chemical residues, so that the safety of dining tables is ensured.

Description

Ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquaculture method containing fish and plant symbiotic culture solution
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of vegetable and aquaculture, in particular to an ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquaculture method containing fish and plant symbiotic culture solution.
Background
At present, the domestic vegetable planting industry and the aquaculture industry are still mainly based on the traditional planting and breeding mode respectively, the fruit and vegetable planting industry generally has the defects that chemical fertilizers and pesticides are unreasonable for a long time and are used excessively, and the food safety has great hidden troubles; the aquaculture industry mainly adopts pond culture, is greatly influenced by natural factors such as climate, water quality and the like, has a water body pollution phenomenon caused by bait, fish excrement, untimely water change and the like, and has great damage to the surrounding water area environment; meanwhile, if the culture water is directly discharged, on one hand, waste of water resources is caused, the culture cost is increased, and meanwhile, the culture water rich in ammonia is directly discharged to cause certain waste; the existing fish-plant symbiotic culture solution has the following problems that (1) the culture solution needs to be continuously added into a fish-plant symbiotic system, the water quality is unstable, and the fish-plant symbiotic cost is high; (2) most of the existing fish and plant symbiotic culture solution contains chemical components, so that the cost is high; and the existing fish-plant symbiotic culture solution is added into a fish-plant symbiotic system, so that the chemical residue of fish plants is easily caused, and the safety of dining tables is influenced.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention provides an ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquaculture method containing a fish and plant symbiotic culture solution, overcomes the defects of the prior art, and can effectively solve the problems of food safety hidden danger in vegetable planting industry, influence on dining table safety, high production cost and unstable water quality.
The technical scheme of the invention is realized by the following measures: an ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquaculture method containing fish and plant symbiotic culture solution is carried out according to the following steps: firstly, adding a fish-plant symbiotic culture solution and a bacteria house containing beneficial flora into ecological water in an ecological water storage tank, and mixing to obtain beneficial flora ecological water, wherein the mass ratio of the ecological water to the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution to the bacteria house containing the beneficial flora is 1000: 1.5-2: 40-50; secondly, carrying out oxygen-melting treatment on the beneficial bacterium ecological water; thirdly, pumping the ecological water after oxygen melting into water culture pipes which are connected together end to end through U-shaped bent pipes from top to bottom through a circulating pump from the head part, enabling the ecological water to flow out of the tail parts of the water culture pipes after being absorbed by the roots of fruits and vegetables cultured on culture holes of the water culture pipes, enabling the ecological water to flow into an aquaculture pond located below, absorbing and decomposing aquatic livestock in the aquaculture pond, and enabling the ecological water to flow back to an intermediate storage tank; fourthly, sterilizing the ecological water which flows back to the intermediate storage tank; fifthly, enabling the disinfected ecological water to flow into a biochemical pool for microbial water purification treatment; and sixthly, enabling the ecological water subjected to the microorganism water purification treatment to enter an ecological water storage tank for oxygen melting treatment, and repeating the third step to the fifth step on the ecological water subjected to the oxygen melting treatment to complete self-circulation of the ecological water.
The following is further optimization or/and improvement of the technical scheme of the invention:
the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution is obtained by the following steps: firstly, sunning clean water for 3 to 5 days to obtain sunning water; secondly, respectively adding bacillus subtilis, lactobacillus and yeast into sun-dried water, and uniformly mixing to obtain a first mixed solution; step three, continuously circulating the first mixed solution for 4 to 6 days to obtain a circulating solution after circulation; fourthly, adding digestive bacteria, milk and crushed cooked egg yolk into the circulating liquid respectively and mixing uniformly to obtain a second mixed liquid; and fifthly, continuously circulating the second mixed solution through a biochemical filter box for 45-55 days, adding milk and the crushed cooked egg yolk into the second mixed solution at intervals of specified days during circulation of the second mixed solution, wherein the time intervals are 9-10 days, 7-8 days, 5-6 days, 3-4 days and 1-2 days in sequence, obtaining fish-planting symbiotic culture solution after circulation, and the bacteria room in the biochemical filter box after circulation is a bacteria room containing beneficial bacteria groups.
The clean water is Tianshan snow water, spring water or well water.
In the second step of the preparation method of the symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant, the mass ratio of the added amount of the bacillus subtilis to the sun-shine water is 1: 450000-600000, the mass ratio of the added amount of the lactobacillus to the sun-shine water is 1: 900000-1200000, and the mass ratio of the added amount of the yeast to the sun-shine water is 1: 1900000-2200000; or/and in the fourth step of the preparation method of the symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant, the mass ratio of the adding amount of the digestive bacteria to the circulating liquid is 1:900000 to 1200000, the mass ratio of the adding amount of the milk to the circulating liquid is 1:19000 to 22000, and the mass ratio of the adding amount of the broken cooked egg yolk to the circulating liquid is 1:40000 to 60000; or/and in the fifth step of the preparation method of the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution, during the circulation period of the second mixed solution, adding the milk and the crushed cooked chicken egg yolk into the second mixed solution at intervals of specified days, wherein the time intervals are sequentially 9 to 10 days, 7 to 8 days, 5 to 6 days, 3 to 4 days and 1 to 2 days, the mass ratio of the added amount of the milk to the second mixed solution each time is 1:19000 to 22000, and the mass ratio of the added amount of the crushed cooked chicken egg yolk to the second mixed solution each time is 1: 60040000 to 60000.
The volume of the biochemical filter tank and the second mixed liquid is 1: 15-30; or/and the water change rate of the first mixed solution during circulation is 20-50%; or/and the water change rate of the second mixed solution in circulation is 20-50%; or/and the biochemical filter box is respectively filled with the bacteria room, the active carbon and the medical stone; or/and the volume of the bacteria room is 75 to 85 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box, the volume of the active carbon is 5 to 15 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box, and the volume of the medical stone is 5 to 15 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box.
In the fifth step, the ecological water after the disinfection treatment flows into a biochemical pool, and the amount of the ecological water per M3Adding 5g to 10g of nitrifying bacteria into the ecological water, and carrying out microbial water purification treatment; or/and the ecological water is pond water, spring water or paddy field water; or/and the oxygen content of the ecological water after oxygen melting is 6mg/L to 10 mg/L; or/and the ecological water storage tank and the water culture pipe are both positioned in the plastic greenhouse, and the temperature in the plastic greenhouse is 8-35 ℃; or/and the temperature of the ecological water is 12-30 ℃.
The aquaculture pond comprises at least two lobster ponds which are connected in series; or/and ultraviolet ray disinfection treatment is adopted in the disinfection treatment.
The water depth of the lobster pond is 15-35 cm, and the aquatic animals cultured in the lobster pond are Australia freshwater lobsters per M3The water contained between 100 and 150 australian crayfish.
The Australia crayfish is fed twice a day, the feeding amount of each time is 0.5-1% of the weight of the Australia crayfish, and the feeding feed comprises cooked broken soybeans, cooked broken eggs, cooked broken pumpkins, cooked broken corns and cooked broken carrots.
The fruits and vegetables are strawberries or/and tomatoes; or/and the daily illumination intensity of the fruits and vegetables is 2000LX to 10000LX, and the daily illumination time of the fruits and vegetables is 6h to 13 h; or/and the aperture of the culture hole is 2.5cm to 4.5cm, and the flow of the ecological water after oxygen melting through the water culture pipe is 0.5M3H to 2M3H; or/and the plant spacing of two adjacent fruits and vegetables on the water culture pipe is 9cm to 30cm, and the row spacing of two adjacent fruits and vegetables is 25cm to 40 cm.
The fish-plant symbiotic culture solution is added only once, and a large amount of beneficial flora contained in the added fish-plant symbiotic culture solution enables Australia crayfish, microorganisms and plants to form a symbiotic ecological relationship, so that the water quality is more stable, a large amount of water treatment systems are saved, and the production cost of fish-plant symbiosis is greatly reduced; according to the cultivation method, the fruits and vegetables are not fertilized or sprayed, the fruits and vegetables are utilized to provide microbial feeding for the Australian crayfish, and the natural residual feed and the excrement of the Australian crayfish provide nutrition for the fruits and vegetables in an original ecological self-circulation mode, so that the transformation of the Australian crayfish from wild natural catching or a single cultivation mode to a fruit and vegetable and aquatic product integrated cultivation mode is realized, the growth period is prolonged, and the cultivation quality, the scale, the supply amount and the production benefit are improved; meanwhile, the symbiotic culture solution for the fish plants does not contain chemical components, and the fish plants cultured by the method have no chemical residues, so that the safety of dining tables is ensured.
Detailed Description
The present invention is not limited by the following examples, and specific embodiments may be determined according to the technical solutions and practical situations of the present invention.
Embodiment 1, the method for self-circulating fruit and vegetable and aquaculture with ecological water containing fish and plant symbiotic culture solution comprises the following steps: firstly, adding a fish-plant symbiotic culture solution and a bacteria house containing beneficial flora into ecological water in an ecological water storage tank, and mixing to obtain beneficial flora ecological water, wherein the mass ratio of the ecological water to the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution to the bacteria house containing the beneficial flora is 1000: 1.5-2: 40-50; secondly, carrying out oxygen-melting treatment on the beneficial bacterium ecological water; thirdly, pumping the ecological water after oxygen melting into water culture pipes which are connected together end to end through U-shaped bent pipes from top to bottom through a circulating pump from the head part, enabling the ecological water to flow out of the tail parts of the water culture pipes after being absorbed by the roots of fruits and vegetables cultured on culture holes of the water culture pipes, enabling the ecological water to flow into an aquaculture pond located below, absorbing and decomposing aquatic livestock in the aquaculture pond, and enabling the ecological water to flow back to an intermediate storage tank; fourthly, sterilizing the ecological water which flows back to the intermediate storage tank; fifthly, enabling the disinfected ecological water to flow into a biochemical pool for microbial water purification treatment; and sixthly, enabling the ecological water subjected to the microorganism water purification treatment to enter an ecological water storage tank for oxygen melting treatment, and repeating the third step to the fifth step on the ecological water subjected to the oxygen melting treatment to complete self-circulation of the ecological water. The water culture pipes which are connected together end to end by the U-shaped bent pipes are publicly known in the prior art; in example 1, the yield of the cultured Australia crayfish is improved by 80 to 100 times compared with the Australia crayfish cultured by adopting a traditional culture method, and the production period is shortened by 1 to 2 months; meanwhile, compared with the traditional culture cost, the culture cost is reduced by 20 to 50 percent by adopting the invention; the sugar degree of the strawberry is improved from the original 8% to 12% to 15%, and the sugar degree of the tomato is improved from the original 7% to 9% to 13%.
Embodiment 2, the method for self-circulating fruit and vegetable and aquaculture with ecological water containing symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant comprises the following steps: firstly, adding fish and plant symbiotic culture solution and a bacteria house containing beneficial flora into ecological water in an ecological water storage tank, and mixing to obtain beneficial flora ecological water, wherein the mass ratio of the ecological water, the fish and plant symbiotic culture solution and the bacteria house containing the beneficial flora is 1000:1.5 or 2:40 or 50; secondly, carrying out oxygen-melting treatment on the beneficial bacterium ecological water; thirdly, pumping the ecological water after oxygen melting into water culture pipes which are connected together end to end through U-shaped bent pipes from top to bottom through a circulating pump from the head part, enabling the ecological water to flow out of the tail parts of the water culture pipes after being absorbed by the roots of fruits and vegetables cultured on culture holes of the water culture pipes, enabling the ecological water to flow into an aquaculture pond located below, absorbing and decomposing aquatic livestock in the aquaculture pond, and enabling the ecological water to flow back to an intermediate storage tank; fourthly, sterilizing the ecological water which flows back to the intermediate storage tank; fifthly, enabling the disinfected ecological water to flow into a biochemical pool for microbial water purification treatment; and sixthly, enabling the ecological water subjected to the microorganism water purification treatment to enter an ecological water storage tank for oxygen melting treatment, and repeating the third step to the fifth step on the ecological water subjected to the oxygen melting treatment to complete self-circulation of the ecological water.
Example 3, as an optimization of the above example, the symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant is obtained by the following steps: firstly, sunning clean water for 3 to 5 days to obtain sunning water; secondly, respectively adding bacillus subtilis, lactobacillus and yeast into sun-dried water, and uniformly mixing to obtain a first mixed solution; step three, continuously circulating the first mixed solution for 4 to 6 days to obtain a circulating solution after circulation; fourthly, adding digestive bacteria, milk and crushed cooked egg yolk into the circulating liquid respectively and mixing uniformly to obtain a second mixed liquid; and fifthly, continuously circulating the second mixed solution through a biochemical filter box for 45-55 days, adding milk and the crushed cooked egg yolk into the second mixed solution at intervals of specified days during circulation of the second mixed solution, wherein the time intervals are 9-10 days, 7-8 days, 5-6 days, 3-4 days and 1-2 days in sequence, obtaining fish-planting symbiotic culture solution after circulation, and the bacteria room in the biochemical filter box after circulation is a bacteria room containing beneficial bacteria groups.
Example 4, as an optimization of the above examples, the clean water is Tianshan snow water, spring water or well water.
Example 5, as an optimization of the above examples, in the second step of the preparation method of the symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant, the mass ratio of the added amount of bacillus subtilis to the sun water is 1:450000 to 600000, the mass ratio of the added amount of lactic acid bacteria to the sun water is 1:900000 to 1200000, and the mass ratio of the added amount of yeast to the sun water is 1:1900000 to 2200000; or/and in the fourth step of the preparation method of the symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant, the mass ratio of the adding amount of the digestive bacteria to the circulating liquid is 1:900000 to 1200000, the mass ratio of the adding amount of the milk to the circulating liquid is 1:19000 to 22000, and the mass ratio of the adding amount of the broken cooked egg yolk to the circulating liquid is 1:40000 to 60000; or/and in the fifth step of the preparation method of the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution, during the circulation period of the second mixed solution, adding the milk and the crushed cooked chicken egg yolk into the second mixed solution at intervals of specified days, wherein the time intervals are sequentially 9 to 10 days, 7 to 8 days, 5 to 6 days, 3 to 4 days and 1 to 2 days, the mass ratio of the added amount of the milk to the second mixed solution each time is 1:19000 to 22000, and the mass ratio of the added amount of the crushed cooked chicken egg yolk to the second mixed solution each time is 1: 60040000 to 60000.
Example 6, as an optimization of the above example, the volume of the biochemical filter tank and the second mixed solution is 1:15 to 30; or/and the water change rate of the first mixed solution during circulation is 20-50%; or/and the water change rate of the second mixed solution in circulation is 20-50%; or/and the biochemical filter box is respectively filled with the bacteria room, the active carbon and the medical stone; or/and the volume of the bacteria room is 75 to 85 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box, the volume of the active carbon is 5 to 15 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box, and the volume of the medical stone is 5 to 15 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box.
Example 7, as an optimization of the above example,in the fifth step, the ecological water after the disinfection treatment flows into a biochemical pool, and the amount of the ecological water per M3Adding 5g to 10g of nitrifying bacteria into the ecological water, and carrying out microbial water purification treatment; or/and the ecological water is pond water, spring water or paddy field water; or/and the oxygen content of the ecological water after oxygen melting is 6mg/L to 10 mg/L; or/and the ecological water storage tank and the water culture pipe are both positioned in the plastic greenhouse, and the temperature in the plastic greenhouse is 8-35 ℃; or/and the temperature of the ecological water is 12-30 ℃.
Example 8, as an optimization of the above example, the aquaculture pond comprises at least two lobster ponds connected in series; or/and ultraviolet ray disinfection treatment is adopted in the disinfection treatment.
Example 9 As an optimization of the above example, the depth of water in the lobster pond is 15cm to 35cm, and the aquatic animals cultured in the lobster pond are Australian crayfish per M3The water contained between 100 and 150 australian crayfish.
Example 10, as an optimization of the above example, macadamia crayfish was fed twice a day in an amount of 0.5 to 1% of the body weight of the macadamia crayfish, and the feed was cooked crushed soybeans, cooked crushed eggs, cooked crushed pumpkins, cooked crushed corns, and cooked crushed carrots.
Example 11, as the optimization of the above example, the fruits and vegetables are strawberries or/and tomatoes; or/and the daily illumination intensity of the fruits and vegetables is 2000LX to 10000LX, and the daily illumination time of the fruits and vegetables is 6h to 13 h; or/and the aperture of the culture hole is 2.5cm to 4.5cm, and the flow of the ecological water after oxygen melting through the water culture pipe is 0.5M3H to 2M3H; or/and the plant spacing of two adjacent fruits and vegetables on the water culture pipe is 9cm to 30cm, and the row spacing of two adjacent fruits and vegetables is 25cm to 40 cm.
Embodiment 12, the method for self-circulating fruit and vegetable and aquaculture with ecological water containing symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant comprises the following steps: firstly, adding fish and plant symbiotic culture solution and a bacteria house containing beneficial flora into ecological water in an ecological water storage tank, and mixing to obtain beneficial flora ecological water, wherein the mass ratio of the ecological water to the fish and plant symbiotic culture solution to the bacteria house containing the beneficial flora is 1000:1.5: 40; secondly, carrying out oxygen-melting treatment on the beneficial bacterium ecological water; thirdly, pumping the ecological water after oxygen melting into water culture pipes which are connected together end to end through U-shaped bent pipes from top to bottom through a circulating pump from the head part, enabling the ecological water to flow out of the tail parts of the water culture pipes after being absorbed by the roots of fruits and vegetables cultured on culture holes of the water culture pipes, enabling the ecological water to flow into an aquaculture pond located below, absorbing and decomposing aquatic livestock in the aquaculture pond, and enabling the ecological water to flow back to an intermediate storage tank; fourthly, sterilizing the ecological water which flows back to the intermediate storage tank; fifthly, enabling the disinfected ecological water to flow into a biochemical pool for microbial water purification treatment; and sixthly, enabling the ecological water subjected to the microorganism water purification treatment to enter an ecological water storage tank for oxygen melting treatment, and repeating the third step to the fifth step on the ecological water subjected to the oxygen melting treatment to complete self-circulation of the ecological water. In example 12, the yield of the cultured Australia crayfish is improved by 80 times compared with the Australia crayfish cultured by adopting the traditional culture method, and the production period is shortened by 1 month; meanwhile, compared with the traditional culture cost, the culture cost is reduced by 20 percent by adopting the invention; the sugar content of strawberry was 12% and that of tomato was 10%.
Embodiment 13, the method for self-circulating fruit and vegetable and aquaculture with ecological water containing symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant comprises the following steps: firstly, adding fish and plant symbiotic culture solution and a bacteria house containing beneficial flora into ecological water in an ecological water storage tank, and mixing to obtain beneficial flora ecological water, wherein the mass ratio of the ecological water to the fish and plant symbiotic culture solution to the bacteria house containing the beneficial flora is 1000:1.8: 45; secondly, carrying out oxygen-melting treatment on the beneficial bacterium ecological water; thirdly, pumping the ecological water after oxygen melting into water culture pipes which are connected together end to end through U-shaped bent pipes from top to bottom through a circulating pump from the head part, enabling the ecological water to flow out of the tail parts of the water culture pipes after being absorbed by the roots of fruits and vegetables cultured on culture holes of the water culture pipes, enabling the ecological water to flow into an aquaculture pond located below, absorbing and decomposing aquatic livestock in the aquaculture pond, and enabling the ecological water to flow back to an intermediate storage tank; fourthly, sterilizing the ecological water which flows back to the intermediate storage tank; fifthly, enabling the disinfected ecological water to flow into a biochemical pool for microbial water purification treatment; and sixthly, enabling the ecological water subjected to the microorganism water purification treatment to enter an ecological water storage tank for oxygen melting treatment, and repeating the third step to the fifth step on the ecological water subjected to the oxygen melting treatment to complete self-circulation of the ecological water. In example 13, the yield of the cultured Australian crayfish is increased by 85 times compared with the Australian crayfish cultured by the traditional culture method, and the production period is shortened by 1.3 months; meanwhile, compared with the traditional culture cost, the culture cost is reduced by 40 percent by adopting the invention; the sugar content of strawberry was 13% and that of tomato was 11%.
Example 14, the method for self-circulating fruit and vegetable and aquaculture with ecological water containing symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant comprises the following steps: firstly, adding fish and plant symbiotic culture solution and a bacteria house containing beneficial flora into ecological water in an ecological water storage tank, and mixing to obtain beneficial flora ecological water, wherein the mass ratio of the ecological water to the fish and plant symbiotic culture solution to the bacteria house containing the beneficial flora is 1000:2: 50; secondly, carrying out oxygen-melting treatment on the beneficial bacterium ecological water; thirdly, pumping the ecological water after oxygen melting into water culture pipes which are connected together end to end through U-shaped bent pipes from top to bottom through a circulating pump from the head part, enabling the ecological water to flow out of the tail parts of the water culture pipes after being absorbed by the roots of fruits and vegetables cultured on culture holes of the water culture pipes, enabling the ecological water to flow into an aquaculture pond located below, absorbing and decomposing aquatic livestock in the aquaculture pond, and enabling the ecological water to flow back to an intermediate storage tank; fourthly, sterilizing the ecological water which flows back to the intermediate storage tank; fifthly, enabling the disinfected ecological water to flow into a biochemical pool for microbial water purification treatment; and sixthly, enabling the ecological water subjected to the microorganism water purification treatment to enter an ecological water storage tank for oxygen melting treatment, and repeating the third step to the fifth step on the ecological water subjected to the oxygen melting treatment to complete self-circulation of the ecological water. In example 14, the yield of the cultured Australian crayfish is increased by 100 times compared with the Australian crayfish cultured by adopting the traditional culture method, and the production period is shortened by 2 months; meanwhile, compared with the traditional culture cost, the culture cost is reduced by 50 percent by adopting the invention; the sugar content of strawberry was 15% and that of tomato was 13%.
After the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution is added, the leaves of fruits and vegetables do not turn yellow, the root systems are developed, the fruits and vegetables do not rot and smell, the morbidity is low, the visibility can reach 1 meter from the original 0.3 meter after the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution is added for 3 days, the turbidity of water can be greatly reduced, the stable running of the water is ensured, and the peculiar smell (the fishy smell of aquatic products) in the water can be eliminated after the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution is added.
By adopting the ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquaculture method containing the fish and plant symbiotic culture solution, the yield of the cultured Australia crayfish is improved by 80-100 times compared with the Australia crayfish cultured by adopting the traditional culture method, and the production period is shortened by 1-2 months; meanwhile, compared with the traditional culture cost, the culture cost is reduced by 20% to 50%, the sugar degree of strawberries is improved from 8% to 12% to 15%, the sugar degree of tomatoes is improved from 7% to 9% to 13%, pesticide residues of fruits and vegetables are avoided, the culture water quality environment is improved, the water quality is more stable, and the food safety of fruits, vegetables and Australian crayfish on dining tables is ensured.
In conclusion, the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution is added only once, and a large amount of beneficial flora contained in the added fish-plant symbiotic culture solution enables Australia crayfish, microorganisms and plants to form an ecological relationship of intergrowth and promotion, so that the water quality is more stable, a large amount of water treatment systems are saved, and the production cost of fish-plant symbiosis is greatly reduced; according to the cultivation method, the fruits and vegetables are not fertilized or sprayed, the fruits and vegetables are utilized to provide microbial feeding for the Australian crayfish, and the natural residual feed and the excrement of the Australian crayfish provide nutrition for the fruits and vegetables in an original ecological self-circulation mode, so that the transformation of the Australian crayfish from wild natural catching or a single cultivation mode to a fruit and vegetable and aquatic product integrated cultivation mode is realized, the growth period is prolonged, and the cultivation quality, the scale, the supply amount and the production benefit are improved; meanwhile, the symbiotic culture solution for the fish plants does not contain chemical components, and the fish plants cultured by the method have no chemical residues, so that the safety of dining tables is ensured.
The technical characteristics form an embodiment of the invention, which has strong adaptability and implementation effect, and unnecessary technical characteristics can be increased or decreased according to actual needs to meet the requirements of different situations.

Claims (1)

1. Ecological water self-circulation fruit and vegetable and aquatic product culture containing fish and plant symbiotic culture solutionThe breeding method is characterized by comprising the following steps: firstly, adding a fish-plant symbiotic culture solution and a bacteria house containing beneficial flora into ecological water in an ecological water storage tank, and mixing to obtain beneficial flora ecological water, wherein the mass ratio of the ecological water to the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution to the bacteria house containing the beneficial flora is 1000: 1.5-2: 40-50; secondly, carrying out dissolved oxygen treatment on the beneficial flora ecological water; thirdly, pumping the ecological water after oxygen dissolution into water culture pipes which are connected together end to end through U-shaped bent pipes from top to bottom through a circulating pump from the head part, enabling the ecological water to flow out of the tail parts of the water culture pipes after being absorbed by the roots of fruits and vegetables cultured on culture holes of the water culture pipes, enabling the ecological water to flow into an aquaculture pond located below, absorbing and decomposing aquatic livestock in the aquaculture pond, and enabling the ecological water to flow back to an intermediate storage tank; fourthly, sterilizing the ecological water which flows back to the intermediate storage tank; fifthly, enabling the disinfected ecological water to flow into a biochemical pool for microbial water purification treatment; sixthly, enabling the ecological water subjected to the microorganism water purification treatment to enter an ecological water storage tank for dissolved oxygen treatment, and repeating the third step to the fifth step on the ecological water subjected to the dissolved oxygen treatment to complete self-circulation of the ecological water; wherein in the fifth step, the ecological water after the disinfection treatment flows into a biochemical pool, and the amount per M is3Adding 5g to 10g of nitrifying bacteria into the ecological water, and carrying out microbial water purification treatment; the ecological water is pond water, spring water or paddy field water; the oxygen content of the ecological water after oxygen dissolution is 6mg/L to 10 mg/L; the ecological water storage tank and the water culture pipe are both positioned in the plastic greenhouse, and the temperature in the plastic greenhouse is 8-35 ℃; the temperature of the ecological water is 12 ℃ to 30 ℃; the aquaculture pond comprises at least two lobster ponds which are connected in series; the disinfection treatment adopts ultraviolet disinfection treatment; the water depth of the lobster pond is 15 cm-35 cm, and the aquatic animals cultured in the lobster pond are Australia freshwater lobsters, wherein each M is3The water contains 100 to 150 Australian freshwater lobsters; feeding the Australia crayfish twice a day, wherein the feeding amount of each time is 0.5 to 1 percent of the weight of the Australia crayfish, and the feeding feed comprises cooked crushed soybeans, cooked crushed eggs, cooked crushed pumpkins, cooked crushed corns and cooked crushed carrots; the fruit and vegetable is strawberry or/and tomato; the daily illumination intensity of the fruits and vegetables is 2000LX to 10000LX, and the daily illumination time of the fruits and vegetables is 6h to 13 h; the aperture of the culture hole is 2.5cm to 4.5cmThe flow of the ecological water after oxygen dissolution through the water culture pipe is 0.5M3H to 2M3H; the plant spacing of two adjacent fruits and vegetables on the water culture pipe is 9cm to 30cm, and the row spacing of two adjacent fruits and vegetables is 25cm to 40 cm;
the symbiotic culture solution for the fish and the plant is obtained according to the following steps: firstly, sunning clean water for 3 to 5 days to obtain sunning water; secondly, respectively adding bacillus subtilis, lactobacillus and yeast into sun-dried water, and uniformly mixing to obtain a first mixed solution; step three, continuously circulating the first mixed solution for 4 to 6 days to obtain a circulating solution after circulation; fourthly, respectively adding nitrifying bacteria, milk and crushed cooked egg yolk into the circulating liquid and uniformly mixing to obtain a second mixed liquid; fifthly, continuously circulating the second mixed solution through a biochemical filter box for 45-55 days, adding milk and crushed cooked egg yolk into the second mixed solution at intervals of specified days during circulation of the second mixed solution, wherein the time intervals are 9-10 days, 7-8 days, 5-6 days, 3-4 days and 1-2 days in sequence, obtaining fish-planting symbiotic culture solution after circulation, and the bacteria room in the biochemical filter box after circulation is a bacteria room containing beneficial bacteria; in the first step of the preparation method of the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution, clean water is Tianshan snow water, spring water or well water; in the second step of the preparation method of the symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant, the mass ratio of the added amount of the bacillus subtilis to the sun-shine water is 1: 450000-600000, the mass ratio of the added amount of the lactobacillus to the sun-shine water is 1: 900000-1200000, and the mass ratio of the added amount of the yeast to the sun-shine water is 1: 1900000-2200000; in the fourth step of the preparation method of the symbiotic culture solution for fish and plant, the mass ratio of the adding amount of the nitrifying bacteria to the circulating liquid is 1:900000 to 1200000, the mass ratio of the adding amount of the milk to the circulating liquid is 1:19000 to 22000, and the mass ratio of the adding amount of the egg yolk of the crushed cooked chicken to the circulating liquid is 1:40000 to 60000; in the fifth step of the preparation method of the fish-plant symbiotic culture solution, during the circulation period of the second mixed solution, adding the milk and the crushed cooked egg yolk into the second mixed solution at intervals of specified days, wherein the time intervals are sequentially 9 to 10 days, 7 to 8 days, 5 to 6 days, 3 to 4 days and 1 to 2 days, the mass ratio of the added amount of the milk to the second mixed solution is 1:19000 to 22000, and the mass ratio of the added amount of the crushed cooked egg yolk to the second mixed solution is 1:40000 to 60000; the volume of the biochemical filter tank and the second mixed liquid is 1: 15-30; the biochemical filter box is respectively filled with a bacteria room, activated carbon and medical stone; the volume of the bacteria room is 75 to 85 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box, the volume of the active carbon is 5 to 15 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box, and the volume of the medical stone is 5 to 15 percent of the volume of the biochemical filter box.
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