CN108849360A - A kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting - Google Patents

A kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108849360A
CN108849360A CN201810678565.3A CN201810678565A CN108849360A CN 108849360 A CN108849360 A CN 108849360A CN 201810678565 A CN201810678565 A CN 201810678565A CN 108849360 A CN108849360 A CN 108849360A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
sowing
bur clover
soil
seed
liquid
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810678565.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方敏彦
章明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
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Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry filed Critical Jiangsu Polytechnic College of Agriculture and Forestry
Priority to CN201810678565.3A priority Critical patent/CN108849360A/en
Publication of CN108849360A publication Critical patent/CN108849360A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/06Coating or dressing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/20Cereals
    • A01G22/22Rice
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • A01G22/40Fabaceae, e.g. beans or peas

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting, it 15~20 days before rice harvesting, will treated broadcasts sowing after bur clover seed mixes with sandy soil, the sowing after 5~7 months.Compared with prior art, the present invention sows bur clover seed before rice harvesting, and has carried out impregnating and mixing husky processing prior to seeding to bur clover seed, so that bur clover yield increases substantially, reaches 60~70g/m2

Description

A kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting
Technical field
The invention belongs to agricultural technology fields, and in particular to a kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting.
Background technique
Bur clover also known as seedling grass, bur clover, toothed burclover etc. are that the annual herb of the Changjiang river areas to the south tradition plantation makees Object can be used as greening grass seeds, and fresh vegetables or cure foods when also can be used as, nutritive value is abundant, and plantation demand is increasing. Bur clover is by seminal propagation, to efficiently use land resource, when with local chief crop rice crop rotation, due to this area Mainly plant some late varieties, the maturity period, crop rotation was usually missed preferably after rice harvesting generally by the end of October to early November Sowing time, yield are lower.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of methods of bur clover and rice interplanting, to solve existing skill The problems such as ineffective existing for art.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting, it includes the following steps:
15~20 days before rice harvesting, will treated broadcasts sowing after bur clover seed mixes with sandy soil, through 5~ Sowing after 7 months.
Wherein, the processing mode of bur clover seed is:It soaks seed for 24 hours in 50% Bravo wettable powder, 600 times of liquid, Then it dries.
Wherein, the sandy soil are middle sandy soil or thin sand and soil;Wherein, the partial size of middle sandy soil is 0.25~0.5mm, fine sand The partial size of soil is 0.15~0.25mm.
Wherein, the mass ratio of bur clover seed and sandy soil is 1:1.
Wherein, before broadcasting sowing, the compound fertilizer of 15%N-15%P-15%K is applied as base manure.
Wherein, the amount of application of base manure is 20~25g/m2
Wherein, when broadcasting sowing, the application rate of bur clover seed is 2~3g/m2
Wherein, after broadcasting sowing, soil moisture content is maintained at 50~60%.
Wherein, after broadcasting sowing, after 1~2 month, the compound fertilizer of 15%N-15%P-15%K is imposed, amount of application is 10~15g/ m2;1~3 month before sowing, the compound fertilizer of 15%N-15%P-15%K is imposed, amount of application is 10~15g/m2
After broadcasting sowing, pest management is carried out, specific method is:Before sowing in 3 months, one time 50% speed is sprayed every month 1000~1200 times of liquid of kairine wettable powder, 70% thiophanate methyl wettable powder or 800~1200 times of liquid or more than 50% 800~1000 times of liquid of bacterium spirit wettable powder, spray 2 times altogether, mainly there is samping off, damping-off, sclerotiniose for controlling disease With the diseases such as root disease of vomitting.The above medicament need to be used alternatingly, and avoid the drug resistance of disease.
Wherein, the dosage of 50% 1000~1200 times of liquid of Sukeling wettable powder is 7.5~8.0kg/hm, 70% methyl The dosage of 800~1200 times of liquid of thiophanate wettable powder is 3.0~5.0kg/hm, 50% carbendazol wettable powder 800~ The dosage that 1000 times of liquid carry out spraying prevention and treatment is 3.0~5.0kg/hm.
Beneficial effect:
Compared with prior art, the present invention sows bur clover seed before rice harvesting, and prior to seeding to chrysanthemum Alfalfa seed impregnate and mixed sand is handled, so that bur clover yield increases substantially, reaches 60~70g/m2
Specific embodiment
According to following embodiments, the present invention may be better understood.However, as it will be easily appreciated by one skilled in the art that real It applies content described in example and is merely to illustrate the present invention, without sheet described in detail in claims should will not be limited Invention.
Embodiment 1
Implementation steps:
(1) bur clover seed is soaked seed for 24 hours in 50% Bravo wettable powder, 600 times of liquid, dries rear and partial size For 0.15~0.25mm thin sand and soil with 1:1 mass ratio mixing;Apply 15%N-15%P-15%K's in soil to wait sow Compound fertilizer is 25g/m as base manure, the amount of application of base manure2
(2) on October 20th, 2016 (before rice harvesting 16 days), the bur clover seed broadcasting in step (1) is applied It crosses in the soil of base manure, the application rate of bur clover seed is 3g/m2
(3) it after broadcasting sowing, keeps soil moisture content 50~60%, imposes 15g/m on October 20th, 2016215%N- The compound fertilizer of 15%P-15%K imposed 15g/m on August 10th, 2017215%N-15%P-15%K compound fertilizer;
(4) pest management:Medicament is applied in second year March and April, medicament is 50% Sukeling wettable powder 1000 ~1200 times of liquid, dosage are 7.5~8.0kg/hm;Or 70% thiophanate methyl wettable powder, 800~1200 times of liquid, dosage are 3.0~5.0kg/hm;Or 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid, dosage are 3.0~5.0kg/hm.
Comparative example 1
Test is compared near embodiment soil, implementation steps are with embodiment 1, the difference is that in 2016 Bur clover seed is sowed after November 6 rice harvesting, and bur clover seed is without seed soaking and mixed husky processing.
The sowing time of embodiment 1 and comparative example 1 is in mid or late May.Chrysanthemum lucerne in comparative example 1 and comparative example 1 Every square meter yield of Mu and mass of 1000 kernel, the results are shown in Table 1:
Table 1
Yield g/m2 Mass of 1000 kernel g
Embodiment 1 68.33 0.7572
Comparative example 1 38.24 0.7248
As can be seen that every square meter yield of bur clover and mass of 1000 kernel are much higher than comparative example 1 in embodiment 1, the present invention Method can significantly improve the yield of bur clover.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting, which is characterized in that it includes the following steps:
15~20 days before rice harvesting, will treated broadcasts sowing after bur clover seed mixes with sandy soil, through 5~7 months Sowing afterwards.
2. the method according to claim 1, wherein the processing mode of bur clover seed is:In 50,%00 bacterium It soaks seed for 24 hours in 600 times of liquid of clear wettable powder, then dries.
3. the method according to claim 1, wherein the sandy soil are middle sandy soil or thin sand and soil;Wherein, in The partial size of sandy soil is 0.25~0.5mm, and the partial size of thin sand and soil is 0.15~0.25mm.
4. the method according to claim 1, wherein the mass ratio of bur clover seed and sandy soil is 1:1.
5. the method according to claim 1, wherein applying the compound fertilizer of 15%N-15%P-15%K before broadcasting sowing As base manure.
6. according to the method described in claim 5, it is characterized in that, the amount of application of base manure is 20~25g/m2
7. the method according to claim 1, wherein the application rate of bur clover seed is 2~3g/ when broadcasting sowing m2
8. the method according to claim 1, wherein soil moisture content is maintained at 50~60% after broadcasting sowing.
9. the method according to claim 1, wherein after 1~2 month, imposing 15%N-15%P- after broadcasting sowing The compound fertilizer of 15%K, amount of application are 10~15g/m2;1~3 month before sowing, the compound of 15%N-15%P-15%K is imposed Fertilizer, amount of application are 10~15g/m2.
10. specific method is the method according to claim 1, wherein carrying out pest management after broadcasting sowing:? Before sowing in 3 months, 1000~1200 times of liquid of a 50% Sukeling wettable powder, 70% thiophanate methyl are sprayed every month Wettable powder or 800~1200 times of liquid or 50% carbendazol wettable powder, 800~1000 times of liquid, spray 2 times altogether.
CN201810678565.3A 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting Pending CN108849360A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810678565.3A CN108849360A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810678565.3A CN108849360A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108849360A true CN108849360A (en) 2018-11-23

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201810678565.3A Pending CN108849360A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of method of bur clover and rice interplanting

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108849360A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101015249A (en) * 2006-09-12 2007-08-15 蒋孝松 Technique for interplanting rape with rice
CN103210752A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-07-24 赵子津 Watermelon-rice interplanting method
CN103999768A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-08-27 扬州大学 Hybridization method of california burclover
CN104686156A (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-06-10 胡齐放 Interplanting method of selenium-rich tea

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101015249A (en) * 2006-09-12 2007-08-15 蒋孝松 Technique for interplanting rape with rice
CN103210752A (en) * 2012-10-24 2013-07-24 赵子津 Watermelon-rice interplanting method
CN103999768A (en) * 2014-06-03 2014-08-27 扬州大学 Hybridization method of california burclover
CN104686156A (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-06-10 胡齐放 Interplanting method of selenium-rich tea

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
顾静娟: "稻田套种大棚金花菜高产高效栽培技术", 《上海蔬菜》 *

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Application publication date: 20181123

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