A kind of white vehicle of roadside greening
The present invention relates to the white technical field of shade tree, in particular to a kind of white vehicle of roadside greening.
" the white thing " brushed on shade tree is called white dose.Its main component is milk of lime, salt, soy meal,
Lime sulfur.The reason of trees lime wash, there is three, first, lime there is certain sterilization, insecticidal action, can thoroughly kill
Some bacteriums to pass the winter and pest in the tree simultaneously prevent the small worm of ground from climbing up；The second, winter weather cold, trunk are white
Afterwards, fine day can reflected sunlight, the diminution temperature difference, defence or mitigation freeze injury；White rear or one of the landscape of third, shade tree,
It is one of warning line, pedestrian and traffic safety can be effectively improved.There are a large amount of row in annual different kinds of roads two sides, park and colleges and universities
Road tree needs are artificial white, time-consuming and laborious, therefore are badly in need of a kind of white equipment of shade tree that can be time saving and energy saving.Such as Patent No.
CN201720081686.0 is provided《A kind of automatic tree whitewashing machine of spary bind lines planetary》, including water object stirring box main body,
Blender, drawer storing cabinet door, electric pump, battery, hand handle and tree whitewashing device etc., its advantage is that trunk is regarded into sun gear,
Round brush regards planetary gear, and round brush is autobiographyed on one side revolve while, and white effect is reliable；The disadvantage is that between planet brush device and trunk
Fixing step it is cumbersome and reliable diameter adaptation range is small.
Summary of the invention
In view of the above-mentioned problems, the present invention provides a kind of white vehicle of roadside greening, single drive can efficiently complete roadside row
The white work of road tree, saves labour, improves white quality.The white mechanical arm of Three Degree Of Freedom, cooperation single-degree-of-freedom turn
Platform, make it is white during control it is more flexible.Vehicle is driven by electricity, environmentally protective.
Technical solution used in the present invention is：A kind of white vehicle of roadside greening, including vehicle body, control room, Three Degree Of Freedom
White mechanical arm, the white mechanical arm of the Three Degree Of Freedom are mounted in control room, and control room is fixedly mounted on vehicle body.
The vehicle body includes the first chassis, dust cover, first gear, second gear, first servo motor, white liquid
Case, dual-axle motor, the first support, wheel, connecting rod, L-type connecting rod, swing rod, the first pillar, third gear, the 4th gear, second are watched
Motor, Supporting cover are taken, the first gear, second gear are respectively hinged on the first chassis and are intermeshed；Dust cover is solid
Dingan County is on the first chassis；First servo motor is fixedly mounted on dust cover, and motor output shaft is connect with second gear；
White liquid case is fixedly mounted on the first chassis, for holding white liquid, and built-in pressure pump, for exporting white liquid；Two
A first support, two the first pillars, a Supporting cover and a dual-axle motor is fixedly mounted on the first chassis in the following, twin shaft is electric
Machine two sides outrigger shaft passes through the first support inner hole, and each hinged wheel in both ends；A L-type is hinged on each first pillar to connect
Bar, L-type connecting rod outside are hinged with a wheel；Connecting rod two end is hinged on the L-type connecting rod of two sides；The third gear, the 4th tooth
Wheel is hinged below the first chassis and is intermeshed；Second servo motor is fixedly mounted in Supporting cover and output shaft and the 4th tooth
Wheel connection；Swing rod one end is fixedly mounted on the gear shaft of third gear, and the other end is hinged in the middle part of connecting rod.
The control room includes turntable, support sleeve, the second chassis, outline border, seat, brake is foot-operated, control stick, drives foot
It steps on, operation handle, pulley support, pulley, alternating current generator, double flute traction wheel, retarder, clump weight, the first wirerope, the second steel
Cord, guide rail, the turntable are fixedly mounted in first gear above-mentioned；Support sleeve is fixedly mounted on turntable, the second bottom
Disk is fixedly mounted on support sleeve, and seat, brake service brake, control stick, driving service brake, guide rail and outline border are fixedly mounted on the second bottom
On disk；Operation handle is hinged on control stick, around control stick rotation for controlling steering, panel button for controlling Three Degree Of Freedom
White mechanical arm；Two pulley supports and a retarder are fixedly mounted on outer arch；Alternating current generator is fixedly mounted on deceleration
On device, motor output shaft is connect with reducer input shaft；Double flute traction wheel is fixedly mounted on reducer output shaft.
The white mechanical arm of the Three Degree Of Freedom include support frame, balcony, lead screw, stepper motor, guide rod, electric pushrod,
Harmonic speed reducer, support plate, third servo motor, white mechanical arm, round brush, there are four hinged-support, two, left sides on support frame
It is hinged with a lead screw, and one end is fixedly installed with a stepper motor, motor output shaft is connect with lead screw, and two, right side hinged-support is solid
Dingan County is equipped with a guide rod；Balcony two sides inner hole cooperates with lead screw and guide rod respectively, can translate along guide passage；The fixed peace of harmonic speed reducer
On the upside of balcony；Third servo motor is fixedly mounted on the downside of balcony, and its output shaft and harmonic speed reducer input axis connection；
Support plate is fixedly mounted on harmonic speed reducer output end, each hinged on the pivoted end column of the left and right sides two thereon there are four pivoted end column
There is an electric pushrod, for intermediate two pivoted end columns hingedly there are two white mechanical arm, electric pushrod push rod end is hinged on white machine
On tool arm；White mechanical arm inner ring is hinged with 44 round brush.
Further, a pulley is hinged on each pulley support.
Further, first wirerope is fixedly mounted in double flute traction wheel right side groove, and winds several circles, outside
It stretches end to be placed on rear side pulley, terminal is fixedly installed with a clump weight, and clump weight is slided along guide rail, for balancing Three Degree Of Freedom
The weight of white mechanical arm.
Further, second wirerope is fixedly mounted in double flute traction wheel left side groove, and winds several circles, outside
It stretches end to be placed on the pulley of front side, terminal is fixedly mounted on the white mechanical arm of Three Degree Of Freedom, for drawing it along outer frame-supporting column
It moves up and down.
Further, the white mechanical arm includes that arc hollow plate, tee pipe coupling, the second support, straight pipe connect
Head, second support and free flow coupling are fixedly mounted on arc hollow plate；The tee pipe coupling has 11,
It is equably fixedly mounted on arc hollow plate.
Further, the round brush includes cylinder spray head, soft brush, and cylinder spray head connects with eight uniformly distributed projecting tubes
Head is fixedly installed with a soft brush, the soft adsorbable white liquid of brush on each pipe fitting.
Since present invention employs above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention is had the following advantages that：（1）Single drive can be efficiently complete
At the white work of roadside shade tree, labour is saved, improves white quality；（2）The white mechanical arm of Three Degree Of Freedom, cooperation
Single-degree-of-freedom turntable, make it is white during control it is more flexible；（3）Vehicle is driven by electricity, environmentally protective.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 are overall structure diagram of the invention.
Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5 are body structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 6, Fig. 7 are control room structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Fig. 8, Fig. 9 are the white mechanical arm structural schematic diagram of Three Degree Of Freedom of the invention.
Figure 10 is white mechanical arm structural schematic diagram of the invention.
Figure 11 is roller brushes structure schematic diagram of the invention.
Figure 12 is support frame design of part schematic diagram of the invention.
Figure 13 is cylinder spray head part the schematic diagram of the section structure of the invention.
Drawing reference numeral：1- vehicle body；2- control room；The white mechanical arm of 3- Three Degree Of Freedom；The first chassis 101-；102- is dust-proof
Cover；103- first gear；104- second gear；105- first servo motor；The white liquid case of 106-；107- dual-axle motor；108-
First support；109- wheel；110- connecting rod；111-L type connecting rod；112- swing rod；The first pillar of 113-；114- third gear；
The 4th gear of 115-；The second servo motor of 116-；117- Supporting cover；201- turntable；202- support sleeve；The second chassis 203-；
204- outline border；205- seat；206- brake is foot-operated；207- control stick；208- driving is foot-operated；209- operation handle；210- pulley
Support；211- pulley；212- alternating current generator；213- double flute traction wheel；214- retarder；215- clump weight；The first steel wire of 216-
Rope；The second wirerope of 217-；218- guide rail；301- support frame；302- balcony；303- lead screw；304- stepper motor；305- is led
Bar；306- electric pushrod；307- harmonic speed reducer；308- support plate；309- third servo motor；The white mechanical arm of 310-；
311- round brush；31001- arc hollow plate；31002- tee pipe coupling；The second support of 31003-；31004- free flow coupling；
31101- cylinder spray head；The soft brush of 31102-.
The invention will be further described combined with specific embodiments below, in the illustrative examples and explanation of the invention
For explaining the present invention, but it is not as a limitation of the invention.
Embodiment：As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, Fig. 8, Fig. 9, Figure 10, Figure 11, Figure 12, Figure 13
A kind of white vehicle of roadside greening, including the white mechanical arm 3 of vehicle body 1, control room 2, Three Degree Of Freedom, the Three Degree Of Freedom be white
Mechanical arm 3 is mounted in control room 2, and control room 2 is fixedly mounted on vehicle body 1.
Vehicle body 1 includes the first chassis 101, dust cover 102, first gear 103, second gear 104, first servo motor
105, white liquid case 106, dual-axle motor 107, the first support 108, wheel 109, connecting rod 110, L-type connecting rod 111, swing rod 112,
One pillar 113, third gear 114, the 4th gear 115, the second servo motor 116, Supporting cover 117, the first gear
103, second gear 104 is respectively hinged on the first chassis 101 and is intermeshed；Dust cover 102 is fixedly mounted on the first chassis
On 101；First servo motor 105 is fixedly mounted on dust cover 102, and motor output shaft is connect with second gear 104；It is white
Liquid case 106 is fixedly mounted on the first chassis 101, for holding white liquid, and built-in pressure pump, for exporting white liquid；
Two the first support 108, two the first pillars, 113, Supporting covers 117 and a dual-axle motor 107 are fixedly mounted on first
Chassis 101 is in the following, 107 two sides outrigger shaft of dual-axle motor passes through 108 inner hole of the first support, and each hinged wheel 109 in both ends；Often
It is hinged with a L-type connecting rod 111 on a first pillar 113, a wheel 109 is hinged on the outside of L-type connecting rod 111；110 both ends of connecting rod
It is hinged on two sides L-type connecting rod 111；The third gear 114, the 4th gear 115 are hinged on the first chassis 101 below and phase
Mutually engagement；Second servo motor 116 is fixedly mounted in Supporting cover 117 and output shaft is connect with the 4th gear 115；Swing rod 112
One end is fixedly mounted on the gear shaft of third gear 114, and the other end is hinged on 110 middle part of connecting rod.
Control room 2 include turntable 201, support sleeve 202, the second chassis 203, outline border 204, seat 205, brake it is foot-operated 206,
Control stick 207 drives foot-operated 208, operation handle 209, pulley support 210, pulley 211, alternating current generator 212, double flute traction wheel
213, retarder 214, clump weight 215, the first wirerope 216, the second wirerope 217, guide rail 218, the turntable 201 are fixed
It is mounted in first gear 103 above-mentioned；Support sleeve 202 is fixedly mounted on turntable 201, and the second chassis 203 is fixedly mounted on
On support sleeve 202, seat 205, brake service brake 206, control stick 207, driving service brake 208, guide rail 218 and the fixed peace of outline border 204
On the second chassis 203；Operation handle 209 is hinged on control stick 207, around the rotation of control stick 207 for controlling steering, face
Plate key is for controlling the white mechanical arm 3 of Three Degree Of Freedom；Two pulley supports 210 and a retarder 214 are fixedly mounted outside
204 top of frame；Alternating current generator 212 is fixedly mounted on retarder 214, and motor output shaft and retarder 214 input axis connection；It is double
Slot traction wheel 213 is fixedly mounted on 214 output shaft of retarder.
The white mechanical arm 3 of Three Degree Of Freedom include support frame 301, balcony 302, lead screw 303, stepper motor 304, guide rod 305,
Electric pushrod 306, harmonic speed reducer 307, support plate 308, third servo motor 309, white mechanical arm 310, round brush 311, branch
There are four hinged-supports on support 301, and two, left side is hinged with a lead screw 303, and one end is fixedly installed with a stepper motor 304,
Motor output shaft is connect with lead screw 303, and two, right side hinged-support is fixedly installed with a guide rod 305；302 two sides inner hole of balcony difference
Cooperate with lead screw 303 and guide rod 305, can be translated along guide passage；Harmonic speed reducer 307 is fixedly mounted on 302 upside of balcony；Third is watched
It takes motor 309 and is fixedly mounted on 302 downside of balcony, and its output shaft and harmonic speed reducer 307 input axis connection；Support plate 308
It is fixedly mounted on 307 output end of harmonic speed reducer, thereon there are four pivoted end column, is respectively hinged with one on the pivoted end column of the left and right sides two
A electric pushrod 306, for intermediate two pivoted end columns hingedly there are two white mechanical arm 310,306 push rod end of electric pushrod is hinged on brush
On white mechanical arm 310；White 310 inner ring of mechanical arm is hinged with 44 round brush 311.
A pulley 211 is hinged on each pulley support 210.First wirerope 216 is fixedly mounted on double flute traction wheel
In 213 right side grooves, and several circles being wound, overhanging end is placed on rear side pulley 211, and terminal is fixedly installed with a clump weight 215,
Clump weight 215 is slided along guide rail 218, for balancing the weight of the white mechanical arm 3 of Three Degree Of Freedom.The fixed peace of second wirerope 217
In 213 left side groove of double flute traction wheel, and several circles are wound, overhanging end is placed on the pulley 211 of front side, and terminal is fixedly mounted
On the white mechanical arm 3 of Three Degree Of Freedom, moved up and down for drawing it along 204 pillar of outline border.
White mechanical arm 310 includes arc hollow plate 31001, tee pipe coupling 31002, the second support 31003, straight pipe
Connector 31004, second support 31003 are fixedly mounted on arc hollow plate 31001 with free flow coupling 31004；Institute
The tee pipe coupling 31002 stated has 11, is equably fixedly mounted on arc hollow plate 31001.Round brush 311 includes cylinder
Spray head 31101, soft brush 31102, cylinder spray head 31101 have eight uniformly distributed overhanging pipe fittings, fixed peace on each pipe fitting
Equipped with a soft brush 31102,31102 adsorbable white liquid of soft brush.
Working principle of the present invention：The white mechanical arm 3 of the Three Degree Of Freedom of three degree of freedom of the invention cooperates one degree of freedom
Turntable 201, effective freedom degree be XOY plane in movement and two rotation be total to three degree of freedom, remaining one
Freedom degree along Z axis is to control the white freedom degree of brush or more, has no effect on the pose of brush.
Three degree of freedom in XOY plane is：White mechanism is driven along the rotation of turntable 201 by first servo motor 105
It is dynamic；White mechanism is moved along lead screw 303, is driven by stepper motor 304；White mechanism turns along 307 center of harmonic speed reducer
It is dynamic, it is driven by third servo motor 309.
The one degree of freedom of Z-direction is：3 sets of the white mechanical arm of Three Degree Of Freedom on 204 two pillars of front of outline border, wherein
Portion is connect with 217 end of the second wirerope, can affect the second steel wire by double flute traction wheel 213 under the driving of alternating current generator 212
Rope 217, and then the white mechanical arm 3 of Three Degree Of Freedom is driven to move up and down, while mobile, the clump weight that is connect with the first wirerope
215 lower upper movements, for balancing the load of the white mechanical arm 3 of Three Degree Of Freedom.
Two white mechanical arms 310 can open and close under the effect of electric pushrod 306, i.e. operation vehicle to working position, open two
A white mechanical arm 310 moves forward, surrounds trunk by white mechanical arm 310, then close white mechanical arm 310.It is white
The free flow coupling 31004 in 310 outside of mechanical arm exports white liquid by pressure pump for external hose to white liquid case 106, and
Finally exported from each tee pipe coupling 31002, and 31002 two sides of each tee pipe coupling are hinged with a round brush 311, three
During the white mechanical arm 3 of freedom degree moves up and down, round brush 311 can one side rotation, white liquid is flowed out on one side, to complete powder
Brush, and under the three degree of freedom synergistic effect in the XOY plane for adjusting white mechanism pose, the completion trunk at no dead angle is white