CN108840440A - A kind of multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment - Google Patents

A kind of multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108840440A
CN108840440A CN201810647114.3A CN201810647114A CN108840440A CN 108840440 A CN108840440 A CN 108840440A CN 201810647114 A CN201810647114 A CN 201810647114A CN 108840440 A CN108840440 A CN 108840440A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
chamber
hose
pond
filter
fixed
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CN201810647114.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
程慎玉
谢艳
曾惠明
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Quzhou University
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Quzhou University
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Priority to CN201810647114.3A priority Critical patent/CN108840440A/en
Publication of CN108840440A publication Critical patent/CN108840440A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/32Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the animals or plants used, e.g. algae
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamps for sewage treatment, belong to technical field of sewage.This is used for the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp of sewage treatment, including artificial swamp, and artificial swamp includes pretreatment pool, Nei Chi and outer pond, and pretreatment pool has pretreatment tank, is provided with rotating cylinder, Ring like suction disc and stirring blade in pretreatment tank;Outer pond has filter pocket, is also vertically fixed demarcation plate one in outer pond filter pocket, filter pocket is separated into the first filter pocket and the second filter pocket, is connected between the first filter pocket and pretreatment tank by water inlet pipe by demarcation plate one;Interior pond has purification tank, is vertically fixed demarcation plate two in interior pond purification tank, filter pocket is separated into the first purification tank and the second purification tank by demarcation plate two.The present invention has the advantages that with can carry out multiple circulating purification processing to sewage.

Description

A kind of multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of sewage, are related to a kind of multistage-combination material filling type Manual moist for sewage treatment Ground.
Background technique
Currently, the method for artificial swamp is widely used in sewage treatment to carry out, the method for existing artificial swamp is come Sewage is handled and is also rested on the small-scale sewage of processing, and complicated component big for contaminant capacity, containing causing in waste water The heavy metal of life, seriously endangers the industrial wastewater to the life security of the mankind, and the industrial wastewater of especially some isolated point sources does not have There is practicable treatment process.Artificial swamp is according to the difference of system water distribution manner and the water type of flow in wet land system Surface current artificial wetland, horizontal drowned flow artificial wet land and vertical current constructed wetland, existing Manual moist in use can be divided into Ground presence takes up a large area, easily blocks, hydraulic loading and pollutional load are lower, matrix components are single and floristics is on the low side, are The shorter shortcoming with winter operation effect difference of service life of uniting.
Through retrieving, as Chinese patent literature discloses a kind of composite filling artificial swamp and its treatment process【The patent No.: ZL200610085788.6;Authorization Notice No.:CN1872738】.This composite filling artificial swamp, successively include inhalant region, Wetland variation cellular zone, exhalant region;Wherein, wetland variation cellular zone successively includes that gravel filling section, iron-carbon filling material section, manganese sand are filled out Expect section;Wetland surface sets overburden layer and wetland plant, using iron charcoal, manganese sand and gravel as composite filling, with cattail, Scirpus tabernaemontani, again power The emergent aquactic plant that the biomass such as flower, reed are big, saline-alkali tolerant, metal and organic matter adsorption capacity are strong is that the level of composite plant bed is latent Artificial wetland, industrial wastewater enter the artificial swamp, by a series of physical between filler, plant, microorganism, chemistry and Interaction between biology removes pollutant.
But this composite filling artificial swamp and its treatment process can not carry out multiple circulating purification to sewage Processing.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is the above problem in view of the prior art, a kind of multistage for sewage treatment is proposed Composite filling formula artificial swamp, this has for the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp of sewage treatment can be more to sewage progress The characteristics of secondary circulating purification is handled.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme:
A kind of multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, including artificial swamp, which is characterized in that described Artificial swamp include pretreatment pool, Nei Chi and outer pond, the pretreatment pool has pretreatment tank, is provided in pretreatment tank Rotating cylinder, Ring like suction disc and several stirring blades;The outer pond has filter pocket, and outer pond filter pocket open end is fixed with installing frame, and Outer pond filter pocket open end and installing frame are in seal shape, are also vertically fixed demarcation plate one in outer pond filter pocket, and demarcation plate one is by filter pocket It is separated into the first filter pocket and the second filter pocket, is connected between first filter pocket and pretreatment tank by water inlet pipe;The interior pond The outer wall of lower end is fixed on installing frame, and interior pond outer wall and installing frame are in seal shape, and the upper surface of the demarcation plate one is fixed on The lower surface Nei Chi, the interior pond have purification tank, and demarcation plate two is vertically fixed in interior pond purification tank, and demarcation plate two divides filter pocket It is divided into the first purification tank and the second purification tank.
Pretreatment pool is mainly oxygenated to sewage and is removed the scum in sewage, and outer pond mainly carries out sewage The processing of particle sundries is filtered, interior pond mainly removes ammonia nitrogen and toxic heavy metal ion.
It is horizontal solid in first purification tank in the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment Surely there are support plate one, support plate two, support plate three and support plate four, and support plate one, support plate two, support plate three and support plate First purification tank is separated into the first soil chamber, the first zeolite chamber, the first clinker chamber, the first cobble chamber and first by four from top to bottom Haydite chamber is horizontally fixed with support plate five, support plate six, support plate seven and support plate eight in second purification tank, and props up Second purification tank is separated into the second soil chamber, the second boiling by fagging five, support plate six, support plate seven and support plate eight from top to bottom Stone chamber, the second clinker chamber, the second cobble chamber and the second haydite chamber pass through between first filter pocket of outer pond and the first soil chamber Feed pipe is connected, and offering on the bottom wall of interior pond the second haydite chamber several communicates the second haydite chamber with the second filter pocket Through-hole, the first soil chamber and intracavitary kind of the first soil be implanted with emergent aquactic plant, and the emergent aquactic plant is cyperus alternifolius, epipremnum aureum, reed One of with cattail.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, the demarcation plate two has inner cavity, Demarcation plate two several can be such that two inner cavity of demarcation plate communicates with the first haydite chamber towards offering on the one side of the first haydite chamber Penetrate into hole one, demarcation plate two several can make two inner cavity of demarcation plate and the second soil towards offering on the one side of the second soil chamber The infiltration hole two that chamber communicates.
Sewage is introduced into the first filter pocket and is filtered, and removes impurity, in order to avoid it is brought into interior pond;Filtered sewage is by giving Water pipe is sequentially entered to the first soil chamber, the first zeolite chamber, the first clinker chamber, the first cobble chamber and the first haydite chamber and is carried out once Constructed Wetland For Purifying processing;Then, a Constructed Wetland For Purifying treated sewage penetrates into hole one by intracavitary pass through of the first haydite Two inner cavity of demarcation plate is entered, with the rising of intracavitary water level in demarcation plate two, is sequentially entered from the exudation of hole two is penetrated into second At soil chamber, the second zeolite chamber, the second clinker chamber, the second cobble chamber and the intracavitary secondary Constructed Wetland For Purifying of progress of the second haydite Reason;The intracavitary secondary Constructed Wetland For Purifying of second haydite treated sewage enters by the through-hole on the bottom wall of the second haydite chamber In two purification tanks, the sundries taken out of from Nei Chizhong is filtered out.
First soil chamber and the second soil is intracavitary is filled with soil, provides the place of growth for emergent aquactic plant, by enduring water Plant to enter the first soil chamber and the intracavitary interior sewage of the second soil provides oxygen, improves the activity of water body;First zeolite Chamber and the intracavitary partial size that is filled with of the second zeolite can reduce the turbidity in sewage and adsorbed water body are toxic for the zeolite of 4-5mm Heavy metal ion;First clinker chamber and the second clinker chamber be filled with partial size be 1-2mm clinker, can to the nitrogen phosphorus in sewage into Row intercepts filtering and adsorption precipitation;First cobble chamber and the second cobble is intracavitary is filled with cobble, the first haydite chamber and the second haydite Chamber is filled with haydite, and purified biological sewage is discharged by the gap between cobble and haydite, plays to large granular impurity Interception function.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, the first soil chamber and the first boiling Be connected between stone chamber by hose one, be connected between the first zeolite chamber and the first clinker chamber by hose two, the first clinker chamber and It is connected to by hose tee joint, the first cobble chamber and the first haydite chamber by hose four between first cobble chamber;Second soil chamber And second be connected between zeolite chamber by hose five, is connected between the second zeolite chamber and the second clinker chamber by hose six, second It being connected between clinker chamber and the second cobble chamber by hose seven, the second cobble chamber and the second haydite chamber pass through hose eight connectivity, and Hose one, hose two, hose three, hose four, hose five, hose six, hose seven and the hose eight is all made of threaded connection Mode connect, and be respectively provided on hose one, hose two, hose three, hose four, hose five, hose six, hose seven and hose eight There is valve.Hose one, hose two, hose three, hose four, hose five, hose six, hose seven and hose eight are all made of threaded connection Mode connect consequently facilitating dismantle replacement, be also convenient for cleaning blocking;Meanwhile it is hose one, hose two, hose three, hose four, soft Valve on pipe five, hose six, hose seven and hose eight can adjust sewage in interior pond each intracavitary residence time.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, rotation in first filter pocket of outer pond It is provided with filter vat one, filter vat one has chamber one, and outer pond offers the mounting hole one communicated with the first filter pocket, and mounting hole Sealing bearing one is fixed on one inner wall, one end of the filter vat one is pierced by mounting hole one and is fixed on sealing bearing one On, an open end of the water inlet pipe is threaded through in the chamber one of filter vat one, and filter vat one is located at one end in the first filter pocket Several filter openings one communicated with chamber one are offered on outer wall;Motor one, motor one are horizontally fixed on the outer pond outer wall Output shaft be fixed with gear one, and filter vat one is pierced by welding rack gear one on one end outer wall of mounting hole one, and gear ring one It is meshed with gear one.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, the filter vat one is pierced by peace The one end in dress hole one offers the threaded hole communicated with chamber one, lid is threaded on threaded hole, water inlet pipe is threaded through lid On body.
Sewage is introduced into the chamber one of filter vat one by water inlet pipe, passes through the realization pair of filter hole one on filter vat one Sewage is filtered processing, as the continuous injection of sewage, water level rise in the first filter pocket, then makes filtered sewage overflows logical It crosses feed pipe to sequentially enter to the first soil chamber, and motor one drives filter vat one to rotate by gear one and gear ring one, thus Improve filter efficiency;Meanwhile filtered sundries is left in the chamber one of filter vat one, and the lid being connected through a screw thread One, so as to realize that the sundries in the chamber one to filter vat one is cleared up.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, rotation in second filter pocket of outer pond It is provided with filter vat two, filter vat two has chamber two, and outer pond offers the mounting hole two communicated with the second filter pocket, and mounting hole Sealing bearing two is fixed on two inner wall, one end of the filter vat two is pierced by mounting hole one and is fixed on sealing bearing two On, outlet pipe is connected in two chamber two of filter vat, an open end of outlet pipe is pierced by filter vat one is pierced by from mounting hole one one It holds, offers several filter openings two communicated with chamber two on one end outer wall that filter vat two is located in the second filter pocket;Described is outer Motor two is horizontally fixed on the outer wall of pond, the output shaft of motor two is fixed with gear two, and filter vat two is pierced by mounting hole two Rack gear two is welded on the outer wall of one end, and gear ring two is meshed with gear two.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, opened up in the one side wall in the outer pond There is the discharge port communicated with the second filter pocket, is hinged with sealed door on the discharge port.
The interior purified sewage in pond is entered in the second purification tank by through-hole, and filtered sewage is entered by filter hole two It into the chamber two of filter vat two, is then discharged by the outlet pipe in chamber two, and realizes and purified sewage is filtered Processing, and motor two drives filter vat two to rotate by gear two and gear ring two, to prevent sundries from blocking filter hole two;Together When, filtered sundries is left in the second filter pocket, and by opening sealed door, so as to realize in the second filter pocket excessively Sundries is cleared up.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, the pretreatment pool upper end is fixed with Mounting plate, rotating cylinder are rotatably arranged on mounting plate by rolling bearing, and rotating cylinder has cavity, and the upper surface of rotating cylinder offers and chamber The opening that body communicates is provided with sealing bearing three on the inner wall that is open, threaded hole, and sealing axis is offered on the sealing bearing three It holds and is threaded with air inlet pipe on three, the other end of the air inlet pipe is connected with air pump, and air pump is fixed on mounting plate upper surface;Institute It states and offers several ventholes communicated with cavity on the lower end external arc wall of rotating cylinder, under the fixed rotating cylinder of the stirring blade It holds, is additionally provided with the rotating mechanism for being able to drive drum rotation on the mounting plate.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, the rotating mechanism includes motor Three, gear three and gear ring three, the motor three is fixed on a mounting board, the output shaft of motor three straight up, the gear Three are fixed on the output shaft end of motor three, and the inner wall of gear ring three is fixed on rotating cylinder, and gear three is engaged with gear ring three.Motor three It is able to drive the rotation of gear three, gear three engages to drive drum rotation with gear ring three.
In the above-mentioned multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, outer spiral shell is offered on the rotating cylinder Line, and the externally threaded position of rotating cylinder is located between stirring blade and sealing bearing three, and rolling is threaded on the external screw thread of rotating cylinder Pearl nut, it is circumferential on the ball nut to be equidistantly fixed with support rod one, support rod two and support rod three, and support rod One, the other end of support rod two and support rod three is each attached to the lower surface of Ring like suction disc, and the Ring like suction disc has cavity, and Circumferential on Ring like suction disc outer wall equidistantly to offer several inlet openings communicated with cavity, the ash can and Ring like suction disc are empty It is connected between chamber by waste pipe, and is connected with liquid pump in waste pipe, opened vertically on two opposite inner walls of the pretreatment pool Equipped with sliding slot one and sliding slot two, sliding is provided with sliding block one and sliding block two, and sliding block one and cunning respectively in sliding slot one and sliding slot two The other end of block two is each attached on Ring like suction disc arc outer wall.
Sewage is drained into pretreatment pool, and air pump can be infused to rotating cylinder cavity gas injection by rotating cylinder venthole by air inlet pipe Enter into sewage, to increase the oxygen content in sewage;Air inlet pipe is by the way of being threadedly coupled, thus after dismantling lower inlet duct, Can the opening of rotating cylinder can add the medicament of processing sewage, motor three is able to drive rotating cylinder positive and negative rotation, realizes stirring blade rotation Stirring;Ring like suction disc can be moved above and below by sliding block one, sliding block two along sliding slot one and sliding slot two, and Ring like suction disc passes through branch Strut one, support rod two and support rod three and ball nut are connected, and the threaded connection of ball nut and rotating cylinder, thus with turning Cylinder rotation is able to drive Ring like suction disc and moves above and below, and Ring like suction disc is adjusted to after appropriate location, can be by sewage by liquid pump In scum first entered in Ring like suction disc cavity by inlet opening on Ring like suction disc, send by waste pipe to ash can.
Compared with prior art, this has the following advantages that for the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp of sewage treatment:
1, sewage is drained into pretreatment pool, and air pump can be to rotating cylinder cavity gas injection, by rotating cylinder venthole by air inlet pipe It is injected into sewage, to increase the oxygen content in sewage;Air inlet pipe is by the way of being threadedly coupled, to dismantle lower inlet duct Afterwards, can the opening of rotating cylinder can add the medicament of processing sewage, motor three is able to drive rotating cylinder positive and negative rotation, realizes that stirring blade turns Dynamic stirring;Ring like suction disc can be moved above and below by sliding block one, sliding block two, and the threaded connection of ball nut and rotating cylinder, thus It is moved above and below as drum rotation is able to drive Ring like suction disc, Ring like suction disc is adjusted to after appropriate location, it can by liquid pump Scum in sewage is first entered in Ring like suction disc cavity by the inlet opening on Ring like suction disc, then is sent by waste pipe to useless Hopper.
2, sewage enters the first filter pocket and is filtered, and removes impurity, in order to avoid it is brought into interior pond;Secondly, filtered dirt Water by feed pipe sequentially enter to the first soil chamber, the first zeolite chamber, the first clinker chamber, the first cobble chamber and the first haydite chamber into Constructed Wetland For Purifying processing of row;Constructed Wetland For Purifying treated sewage penetrates into hole one by intracavitary pass through of the first haydite Two inner cavity of demarcation plate is entered, with the rising of intracavitary water level in demarcation plate two, enters the second soil from the exudation of hole two is penetrated into Chamber, the second zeolite chamber, the second clinker chamber, the second cobble chamber and the intracavitary secondary Constructed Wetland For Purifying processing of progress of the second haydite;The It is net that the intracavitary secondary Constructed Wetland For Purifying of two haydites treated sewage by the through-hole on the bottom wall of the second haydite chamber enters second Change in slot, the sundries taken out of from Nei Chizhong is filtered out, by secondary filter and secondary Constructed Wetland For Purifying, to effectively realize Abatement processes are carried out to sewage.
3, hose one, hose two, hose three, hose four, hose five, hose six, hose seven and hose eight are equal in the present invention It is connected by the way of threaded connection consequently facilitating dismantle replacement, is also convenient for cleaning blocking;Meanwhile hose one, hose two, hose Three, the valve on hose four, hose five, hose six, hose seven and hose eight can adjust sewage and stop interior pond is each intracavitary Stay the time.
4, the sewage in the present invention is introduced into the chamber one of filter vat one by water inlet pipe, passes through the mistake on filter vat one Filter opening one, which is realized, is filtered processing to sewage, with the continuous injection of sewage, water level rising, then after making filtering in the first filter pocket Sewage overflows the first soil chamber is entered by feed pipe, and motor one drives one turn of filter vat by gear one and gear ring one It is dynamic, thereby improving filtration efficiency;Meanwhile filtered sundries is left in the chamber one of filter vat one, and is connected through a screw thread Lid one, so as to realize that the sundries in the chamber one to filter vat one is cleared up.
5, the interior purified sewage in pond is entered in the second purification tank by through-hole in the present invention, and filtered sewage passed through Filter opening two enters in the chamber two of filter vat two, is then discharged by the outlet pipe in chamber two, and realizes to purified dirt Water is filtered processing, and motor two drives filter vat two to rotate by gear two and gear ring two, to prevent sundries from blocking Filter opening two;Meanwhile filtered sundries is left in the second filter pocket, and by opening sealed door, so as to realize to crossing the Sundries in two filter pockets is cleared up.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of pretreatment pool in the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic perspective view of rotating cylinder in the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the schematic perspective view of Nei Chi and outer pond in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the schematic cross-sectional view of Nei Chi and outer pond in the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view in China and foreign countries pond of the present invention.
In figure, 1, outer pond;2, demarcation plate one;3, the first filter pocket;4, the second filter pocket;5, feed pipe;6, filter vat one;7, close Seal bearing one;8, water inlet pipe;9, motor one;10, gear one;11, gear ring one;12, filter opening one;13, filter vat two;14, it seals Bearing two;15, outlet pipe;16, motor two;17, gear two;18, gear ring two;19, filter opening two;20, lid;21, sealed door; 22, installing frame;23, interior pond;24, demarcation plate two;25, inner cavity;26, hole two is penetrated into;27, the first soil chamber;28, the first zeolite Chamber;29, the first clinker chamber;30, the first cobble chamber;31, the first haydite chamber;32, the second soil chamber;33, the second zeolite chamber;34, Second clinker chamber;35, the second cobble chamber;36, the second haydite chamber;37, hose one;38, hose two;39, hose three;40, hose Four;41, hose five;42, hose six;43, hose seven;44, hose eight;45, valve;46, pretreatment pool;47, mounting plate;48, Rotating cylinder;49, air inlet pipe;50, air pump;51, stirring blade;52, venthole;53, motor three;54, gear three;55, gear ring three; 56, ball nut;57, support rod one;58, Ring like suction disc;59, sliding block one;60, waste pipe;61, ash can;62, liquid pump;63, Inlet opening.
Specific embodiment
Following is a specific embodiment of the present invention in conjunction with the accompanying drawings, technical scheme of the present invention will be further described, However, the present invention is not limited to these examples.
As shown in figures 1 and 3, a kind of multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, including artificial swamp, Artificial swamp includes pretreatment pool 46, interior pond 23 and outer pond 1, and pretreatment pool 46 has pretreatment tank, is provided in pretreatment tank Rotating cylinder 48, Ring like suction disc 58, ash can 61 and stirring blade 51;Outer pond 1 has filter pocket, and outer 1 filter pocket open end of pond is fixed with peace Frame up 22, and 1 filter pocket open end of outer pond and installing frame 22 are in seal shape, are also vertically fixed demarcation plate 1 in outer 1 filter pocket of pond, Filter pocket is separated into the first filter pocket 3 and the second filter pocket 4 by demarcation plate 1;The outer wall of interior 23 lower end of pond is fixed on installing frame 22, interior 23 outer wall of pond and installing frame 22 are in seal shape, and the upper surface of demarcation plate 1 is fixed on interior 23 lower surface of pond, and interior pond 23 has purification Slot is vertically fixed demarcation plate 2 24 in interior 23 purification tank of pond, and filter pocket is separated into the first purification tank and second by demarcation plate 2 24 Purification tank.Pretreatment pool 46 is mainly oxygenated to sewage and is removed the scum in sewage, outer pond 1 mainly to sewage into Row filtering particle sundries processing, interior pond plantation endure water and mainly remove ammonia nitrogen and toxic heavy metal ion.
As shown in Fig. 2, 46 upper end of pretreatment pool is fixed with mounting plate 47, rotating cylinder 48 is rotatably arranged on peace by rolling bearing In loading board 47, rotating cylinder 48 has cavity, and the upper surface of rotating cylinder 48 offers the opening communicated with cavity, is provided on the inner wall that is open Bearing three is sealed, seals and offers threaded hole on bearing three, and seals and is threaded with air inlet pipe 49, air inlet pipe 49 on bearing three The other end be connected with air pump 50, air pump 50 is fixed on 47 upper surface of mounting plate;It is offered on the lower end external arc wall of rotating cylinder 48 Several ventholes 52 communicated with cavity, stirring blade 51 fix the lower end of rotating cylinder 48, are additionally provided with and are able to drive on mounting plate 47 The rotating mechanism that rotating cylinder 48 rotates.Rotating mechanism includes motor 3 53, gear 3 54 and gear ring 3 55, and motor 3 53 is fixed on peace In loading board 47, straight up, gear 3 54 is fixed on the output shaft end of motor 3 53, gear ring 3 55 to the output shaft of motor 3 53 Inner wall be fixed on rotating cylinder 48, gear 3 54 is engaged with gear ring 3 55.Motor 3 53 is able to drive the rotation of gear 3 54, gear 3 54 engage with gear ring 3 55 so as to drive rotating cylinder 48 to rotate.
Offer external screw thread on rotating cylinder 48, and the externally threaded position of rotating cylinder 48 be located at stirring blade 51 and sealing bearing three it Between, it is threaded with ball nut 56 on the external screw thread of rotating cylinder 48, is circumferentially equidistantly fixed with support rod one on ball nut 56 57, support rod two and support rod three, and the other end of support rod 1, support rod two and support rod three is each attached to Ring like suction disc 58 lower surface, Ring like suction disc 58 have cavity, and on 58 outer wall of Ring like suction disc it is circumferential equidistantly offer it is several with cavity phase Logical inlet opening 63 is connected between 58 cavity of ash can 61 and Ring like suction disc by waste pipe 60, and is connected in waste pipe 60 Liquid pump 62, offers sliding slot one and sliding slot two on two opposite inner walls of pretreatment pool 46 vertically, in sliding slot one and sliding slot two respectively Sliding is provided with sliding block 1 and sliding block two, and the other end of sliding block 1 and sliding block two is each attached to outside 58 arc of Ring like suction disc On wall.
Sewage is drained into pretreatment pool 46, and air pump 50 can be to 48 cavity gas injection of rotating cylinder, by rotating cylinder by air inlet pipe 49 48 ventholes 52 are injected into sewage, to increase the oxygen content in sewage, to meet the needs of aerobic microbiological in sewage;Into Tracheae 49 is by the way of being threadedly coupled, thus after dismantling lower inlet duct 49, can the opening of rotating cylinder 48 can add processing sewage Medicament, motor 3 53 is able to drive 48 positive and negative rotation of rotating cylinder, realizes the rotation stirring of stirring blade 51;Ring like suction disc 58 passes through sliding block One 59, sliding block two can move above and below along sliding slot one and sliding slot two, and Ring like suction disc 58 passes through support rod 1, support rod two It is connected with support rod three and ball nut 56, and the threaded connection of ball nut 56 and rotating cylinder 48, thus as rotating cylinder 48 rotates It is able to drive Ring like suction disc 58 to move above and below, Ring like suction disc 58 is adjusted to after appropriate location, it can be by sewage by liquid pump 62 In scum first entered in 58 cavity of Ring like suction disc by the inlet opening 63 on Ring like suction disc 58, by waste pipe 60 send to Ash can 61.
As shown in figure 4, support plate one, support plate two, support plate three and support plate four are horizontally fixed in the first purification tank, And support plate one, support plate two, support plate three and support plate four by the first purification tank be separated into from top to bottom the first soil chamber 27, First zeolite chamber 28, the first clinker chamber 29, the first cobble chamber 30 and the first haydite chamber 31 are horizontally fixed with branch in second purification tank Fagging five, support plate six, support plate seven and support plate eight, and support plate five, support plate six, support plate seven and support plate eight are by Two purification tanks are separated into the second soil chamber 32, the second zeolite chamber 33, the second clinker chamber 34, the second cobble chamber 35 and from top to bottom Two haydite chambers 36 are connected between outer 1 first filter pocket 3 of pond and the first soil chamber 27 by feed pipe 5, interior 23 second haydite chamber of pond Several through-holes for communicating the second haydite chamber 36 with the second filter pocket 4 are offered on 36 bottom wall.Demarcation plate 2 24 has inner cavity 25, Demarcation plate 2 24 several can make 2 24 inner cavity 25 of demarcation plate and the first haydite towards offering on the one side of the first haydite chamber 31 The infiltration hole one that chamber 31 communicates, demarcation plate 2 24 several can make demarcation plate two towards offering on the one side of the second soil chamber 32 32 interior kinds of the infiltration hole 2 26 that 24 inner cavities 25 are communicated with the second soil chamber 32, the first soil chamber 25 and the first soil chamber are implanted with very water Plant, emergent aquactic plant are one of cyperus alternifolius, epipremnum aureum, reed and cattail, preferentially choose reed.
It is filled with soil in first soil chamber 27 and the second soil chamber 32, the place of growth is provided for emergent aquactic plant, passes through Emergent aquactic plant to enter interior sewage in the first soil chamber 27 and the second soil chamber 32 provides oxygen, improves the activity of water body; It is filled with the zeolite that partial size is 4-5mm in first zeolite chamber 28 and the second zeolite chamber 33, can reduce the turbidity in sewage and suction The toxic heavy metal ion of attached water body;First clinker chamber 29 and the second clinker chamber 34 are filled with the clinker that partial size is 1-2mm, can Nitrogen phosphorus in sewage is carried out to intercept filtering and adsorption precipitation;It is filled with cobble in first cobble chamber 30 and the second cobble chamber 35, First haydite chamber 31 and the second haydite chamber 36 are filled with haydite, and purified biology is discharged by the gap between cobble and haydite Sewage plays the interception function to large granular impurity.
As shown in figure 3, being connected between the first soil chamber 27 and the first zeolite chamber 28 by hose 1, the first zeolite chamber 28 And first be connected between clinker chamber 29 by hose 2 38, passes through hose 3 39 between the first clinker chamber 29 and the first cobble chamber 30 Connection, the first cobble chamber 30 and the first haydite chamber 31 are connected to by hose 4 40;Second soil chamber 32 and the second zeolite chamber 33 it Between by hose 5 41 be connected to, between the second zeolite chamber 33 and the second clinker chamber 34 by hose 6 42 be connected to, the second clinker chamber 34 and second are connected between cobble chamber 35 by hose 7 43, and the second cobble chamber 35 and the second haydite chamber 36 pass through the company of hose 8 44 It is logical, and hose 1, hose 2 38, hose 3 39, hose 4 40, hose 5 41, hose 6 42, hose 7 43 and hose 8 44 The mode for being all made of threaded connection connects, and hose 1, hose 2 38, hose 3 39, hose 4 40, hose 5 41, hose 6 42, valve 45 is provided on hose 7 43 and hose 8 44.Hose 1, hose 2 38, hose 3 39, hose 4 40, Hose 5 41, hose 6 42, hose 7 43 are connected with the mode that hose 8 44 is all made of threaded connection consequently facilitating dismantle replacement, It is also convenient for cleaning blocking;Meanwhile it is hose 1, hose 2 38, hose 3 39, hose 4 40, hose 5 41, hose 6 42, soft Valve 45 on pipe 7 43 and hose 8 44 can adjust sewage in interior pond 23 each intracavitary residence time.
As shown in figure 5, rotation is provided with filter vat 1 in outer 1 first filter pocket 3 of pond, filter vat 1 has chamber one, outside Pond 1 offers the mounting hole one communicated with the first filter pocket 3, and sealing bearing 1, filter vat are fixed on the inner wall of mounting hole one One 6 one end is pierced by mounting hole one and is fixed on sealing bearing 1, and an open end of water inlet pipe 8 is threaded through filter vat 1 In chamber one, several filter openings one communicated with chamber one are offered on one end outer wall that filter vat 1 is located in the first filter pocket 3 12;Motor 1 is horizontally fixed on outer 1 outer wall of pond, the output shaft of motor 1 is fixed with gear 1, and filter vat 1 is pierced by Rack gear 1 is welded on one end outer wall of mounting hole one, and gear ring 1 is meshed with gear 1.Filter vat 1 is pierced by peace The one end in dress hole one offers the threaded hole communicated with chamber one, lid 20 is threaded on threaded hole, water inlet pipe 8 is threaded through On lid 20.
Sewage is introduced into the chamber one of filter vat 1 by water inlet pipe 8, passes through the filter hole 1 on filter vat 1 It realizes and processing is filtered to sewage, with the continuous injection of sewage in the first filter pocket 3, water level rising then makes filtered dirt Water, which is overflowed, to be sequentially entered by feed pipe 5 to the first soil chamber 27, and motor 1 was driven by gear 1 and gear ring 1 Lauter tub 1 rotates, thereby improving filtration efficiency;Meanwhile filtered sundries is left in the chamber one of filter vat 1, and logical The lid 20 1 being threadedly coupled is crossed, so as to realize that the sundries in the chamber one to filter vat 1 is cleared up.
Rotation is provided with filter vat 2 13 in outer 1 second filter pocket 4 of pond, and filter vat 2 13 has chamber two, and outer pond 1 offers The mounting hole two communicated with the second filter pocket 4, and sealing bearing 2 14 is fixed on the inner wall of mounting hole two, the one of filter vat 2 13 End is pierced by mounting hole one and is fixed on sealing bearing 2 14, connects outlet pipe 15, outlet pipe 15 in 2 13 chamber two of filter vat An open end be pierced by filter vat 1 from one end that mounting hole one is pierced by, filter vat 2 13 is located at outside one end in the second filter pocket 4 Several filter openings 2 19 communicated with chamber two are offered on wall;It is horizontally fixed with motor 2 16 on outer 1 outer wall of pond, motor 2 16 Output shaft is fixed with gear 2 17, and filter vat 2 13 is pierced by welding rack gear 2 18 on one end outer wall of mounting hole two, and tooth 2 18 are enclosed to be meshed with gear 2 17.The discharge port communicated with the second filter pocket 4 is offered in the one side wall in outer pond 1, on discharge port It is hinged with sealed door 21.
The purified sewage in interior pond 23 is entered in the second purification tank by through-hole, and filtered sewage passes through filter hole 2 19 It enters in the chamber two of filter vat 2 13, is then discharged by the outlet pipe 15 in chamber two, and realize to purified sewage It is filtered processing, and motor 2 16 drives filter vat 2 13 to rotate by gear 2 17 and gear ring 2 18, to prevent sundries Block filter hole 2 19;Meanwhile filtered sundries is left in the second filter pocket 4, and by opening sealed door 21, so as to It realizes and the sundries crossed in the second filter pocket 4 is cleared up.
In summary, firstly, sewage is drained into pretreatment pool 46, air pump 50 is oxygenated to 48 cavity gas injection of rotating cylinder, by turning 48 ventholes 52 of cylinder are injected into sewage, to increase the oxygen content in sewage, by the way of air inlet pipe 49 is using threaded connection, thus After dismantling lower inlet duct 49, the medicament of processing sewage can be added in the opening of rotating cylinder 48, motor 3 53 is able to drive rotating cylinder The rotation stirring of stirring blade 51 is realized in 48 positive and negative rotations, and Ring like suction disc 58 can be moved above and below by sliding block 1, sliding block two, and The threaded connection of ball nut 56 and rotating cylinder 48, thus moved above and below as the rotation of rotating cylinder 48 is able to drive Ring like suction disc 58, it will Ring like suction disc 58 is adjusted to after appropriate location, can be by the scum in sewage first by Ring like suction disc 58 by liquid pump 62 Inlet opening 63 enters in 58 cavity of Ring like suction disc, then is sent by waste pipe 60 to ash can 61;Secondly, sewage by water inlet pipe into Enter into the first filter pocket 3, realized by the filter hole 1 on filter vat 1 and processing is filtered to sewage, removes impurity, with Exempt to be brought into interior pond 23;Secondly, then making filtered sewage overflow as the continuous injection of sewage, water level rise in the first filter pocket 3 It is sequentially entered out by feed pipe 5 to the first soil chamber 27, the first zeolite chamber 28, the first clinker chamber 29,30 and of the first cobble chamber First haydite chamber 31 carries out a Constructed Wetland For Purifying processing;Then, a Constructed Wetland For Purifying treated sewage is by first Enters 2 24 inner cavity 25 of demarcation plate by penetrating into hole one in haydite chamber 31, in 2 24 inner cavity 25 of demarcation plate water level it is upper It rises, sequentially enters from the exudation of hole 2 26 is penetrated into the second soil chamber 32, the second zeolite chamber 33, the second clinker chamber 34, the second cobble Secondary Constructed Wetland For Purifying processing is carried out in chamber 35 and the second haydite chamber 36;Finally, secondary artificial swamp in the second haydite chamber 36 Sewage after purified treatment is entered in the second purification tank by the through-hole on the bottom wall of the second haydite chamber 36, and filtered sewage is logical It crosses filter hole 2 19 to enter in the chamber two of filter vat 2 13, be discharged by the outlet pipe 15 in chamber two, and realize to purification Sewage afterwards is filtered processing.
Specific embodiment described herein is only an example for the spirit of the invention.The neck of technology belonging to the present invention The technical staff in domain can make various modifications or additions to the described embodiments or replace by a similar method In generation, however, it does not deviate from the spirit of the invention or beyond the scope of the appended claims.
Although 1, outer pond is used more herein;2, demarcation plate one;3, the first filter pocket;4, the second filter pocket;5, feed pipe; 6, filter vat one;7, bearing one is sealed;8, water inlet pipe;9, motor one;10, gear one;11, gear ring one;12, filter opening one;13, mistake Lauter tub two;14, bearing two is sealed;15, outlet pipe;16, motor two;17, gear two;18, gear ring two;19, filter opening two;20, it covers Body;21, sealed door;22, installing frame;23, interior pond;24, demarcation plate two;25, inner cavity;26, hole two is penetrated into;27, the first soil chamber; 28, the first zeolite chamber;29, the first clinker chamber;30, the first cobble chamber;31, the first haydite chamber;32, the second soil chamber;33, second Zeolite chamber;34, the second clinker chamber;35, the second cobble chamber;36, the second haydite chamber;37, hose one;38, hose two;39, hose Three;40, hose four;41, hose five;42, hose six;43, hose seven;44, hose eight;45, valve;46, pretreatment pool;47, Mounting plate;48, rotating cylinder;49, air inlet pipe;50, air pump;51, stirring blade;52, venthole;53, motor three;54, gear three; 55, gear ring three;56, ball nut;57, support rod one;58, Ring like suction disc;59, sliding block one;60, waste pipe;61, ash can; 62, liquid pump;63, the terms such as inlet opening, but it does not exclude the possibility of using other terms.The use of these items is only for It is more convenient to describe and explain essence of the invention;It is construed as any additional limitation all and is and spirit of that invention It disagrees.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment, including artificial swamp, which is characterized in that described Artificial swamp includes pretreatment pool, Nei Chi and outer pond, and the pretreatment pool has pretreatment tank, is provided with and turns in pretreatment tank Cylinder, Ring like suction disc, ash can and several stirring blades;The outer pond has filter pocket, and outer pond filter pocket open end is fixed with installation Frame, and outer pond filter pocket open end and installing frame are in seal shape, and demarcation plate one is also vertically fixed in outer pond filter pocket, demarcation plate one will Filter pocket is separated into the first filter pocket and the second filter pocket, is connected between first filter pocket and pretreatment tank by water inlet pipe;Described The outer wall of the lower end Nei Chi is fixed on installing frame, and interior pond outer wall and installing frame are in seal shape, and the upper surface of the demarcation plate one is solid It is scheduled on the lower surface Nei Chi, the interior pond has purification tank, and demarcation plate two is vertically fixed in interior pond purification tank, and demarcation plate two will be filtered Slot is separated into the first purification tank and the second purification tank.
2. the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp according to claim 1 for sewage treatment, which is characterized in that described The first purification tank in be horizontally fixed with support plate one, support plate two, support plate three and support plate four, and support plate one, support First purification tank is separated into the first soil chamber, the first zeolite chamber, the first furnace by plate two, support plate three and support plate four from top to bottom Slag chamber, the first cobble chamber and the first haydite chamber are horizontally fixed with support plate five, support plate six, branch in second purification tank Fagging seven and support plate eight, and support plate five, support plate six, support plate seven and support plate eight divide the second purification tank from top to bottom It is divided into the second soil chamber, the second zeolite chamber, the second clinker chamber, the second cobble chamber and the second haydite chamber, the outer pond first is filtered It is connected between slot and the first soil chamber by feed pipe, offering on the bottom wall of interior pond the second haydite chamber several makes The through-hole that two haydite chambers are communicated with the second filter pocket, the first soil chamber and intracavitary kind of the first soil are implanted with emergent aquactic plant, the very water Plant is one of cyperus alternifolius, epipremnum aureum, reed and cattail.
3. the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp according to claim 2 for sewage treatment, which is characterized in that described Demarcation plate two there is inner cavity, demarcation plate two several can make two inner cavity of demarcation plate towards offering on the one side of the first haydite chamber The infiltration hole one communicated with the first haydite chamber, demarcation plate two several can make to separate towards offering on the one side of the second soil chamber The infiltration hole two that two inner cavity of plate is communicated with the second soil chamber.
4. the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp according to claim 2 or 3 for sewage treatment, which is characterized in that It is connected between the first soil chamber and the first zeolite chamber by hose one, is passed through between the first zeolite chamber and the first clinker chamber Hose two is connected to, and by hose tee joint between the first clinker chamber and the first cobble chamber, the first cobble chamber and the first haydite chamber are logical Cross the connection of hose four;It is connected between second soil chamber and the second zeolite chamber by hose five, the second zeolite chamber and the second clinker chamber Between be connected to by hose six, be connected between the second clinker chamber and the second cobble chamber by hose seven, the second cobble chamber and second Haydite chamber is by hose eight connectivity, and the hose one, hose two, hose three, hose four, hose five, hose six, hose seven The mode for being all made of threaded connection with hose eight connects, the hose one, hose two, hose three, hose four, hose five, soft Valve is provided on pipe six, hose seven and hose eight.
5. the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp according to claim 2 for sewage treatment, which is characterized in that described The first filter pocket of outer pond in rotation be provided with filter vat one, filter vat one has chamber one, and outer pond offers and the first filter pocket phase Logical mounting hole one, and sealing bearing one is fixed on the inner wall of mounting hole one, one end of the filter vat one is pierced by mounting hole One and be fixed on sealing bearing one on, an open end of the water inlet pipe is threaded through in the chamber one of filter vat one, filter vat one Several filter openings one communicated with chamber one are offered on one end outer wall in the first filter pocket;It is horizontal on the outer pond outer wall It is fixed with motor one, the output shaft of motor one is fixed with gear one, and filter vat one is pierced by one end outer wall of mounting hole one and welds It is connected to gear ring one, and gear ring one is meshed with gear one.
6. the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp according to claim 5 for sewage treatment, which is characterized in that described The filter vat one be pierced by one end of mounting hole one and offer the threaded hole communicated with chamber one, be threaded on threaded hole Lid, water inlet pipe are threaded through on lid.
7. the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp according to claim 2 for sewage treatment, which is characterized in that described The second filter pocket of outer pond in rotation be provided with filter vat two, filter vat two has chamber two, and outer pond offers and the second filter pocket phase Logical mounting hole two, and sealing bearing two is fixed on the inner wall of mounting hole two, one end of the filter vat two is pierced by mounting hole It one and is fixed on sealing bearing, connects outlet pipe in two chamber two of filter vat, an open end of outlet pipe is pierced by filter vat one From one end that mounting hole one is pierced by, offers and several communicated with chamber two on one end outer wall that filter vat two is located in the second filter pocket Filter opening two;Motor two is horizontally fixed on the outer pond outer wall, the output shaft of motor two is fixed with gear two, and filter vat Two are pierced by welding rack gear two on one end outer wall of mounting hole two, and gear ring two is meshed with gear two;The one of the outer pond The discharge port communicated with the second filter pocket is offered on side wall, is hinged with sealed door on the discharge port.
8. the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp according to claim 1 for sewage treatment, which is characterized in that described Pretreatment pool upper end be fixed with mounting plate, rotating cylinder is rotatably arranged on mounting plate by rolling bearing, rotating cylinder have cavity, turn The upper surface of cylinder offers the opening communicated with cavity, is provided on the inner wall that is open and seals bearing three, on the sealing bearing three Threaded hole is offered, and seals and is threaded with air inlet pipe on bearing three, the other end of the air inlet pipe is connected with air pump, air pump It is fixed on mounting plate upper surface;Several ventholes communicated with cavity are offered on the lower end external arc wall of the rotating cylinder, it is described The fixed rotating cylinder of stirring blade lower end, be additionally provided with the rotating mechanism for being able to drive drum rotation on the mounting plate.
9. the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp according to claim 8 for sewage treatment, which is characterized in that described Rotating mechanism include motor three, gear three and gear ring three, the motor three is fixed on a mounting board, the output shaft of motor three Straight up, the gear three is fixed on the output shaft end of motor three, and the inner wall of gear ring three is fixed on rotating cylinder, gear three with Gear ring three engages.
10. being used for the multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp of sewage treatment according to claim 8 and 9, which is characterized in that External screw thread is offered on the rotating cylinder, and the externally threaded position of rotating cylinder is located between stirring blade and sealing bearing three, rotating cylinder External screw thread on be threaded with ball nut, it is circumferential on the ball nut to be equidistantly fixed with support rod one, support rod Two and support rod three, and the other end of support rod one, support rod two and support rod three is each attached to the lower surface of Ring like suction disc, institute Ring like suction disc is stated with cavity, and circumferentially equidistantly offers several inlet openings communicated with cavity, institute on Ring like suction disc outer wall It is connected between the ash can stated and Ring like suction disc cavity by waste pipe, and is connected with liquid pump in waste pipe, the pretreatment Sliding slot one and sliding slot two are offered on two opposite inner walls of pond vertically, is slided respectively in sliding slot one and sliding slot two and is provided with sliding block one With sliding block two, and the other end of sliding block one and sliding block two is each attached on Ring like suction disc arc outer wall.
CN201810647114.3A 2018-06-22 2018-06-22 A kind of multistage-combination material filling type artificial swamp for sewage treatment Pending CN108840440A (en)

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