CN108834952A - The ecological cultivation method of carp - Google Patents

The ecological cultivation method of carp Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108834952A
CN108834952A CN201810844746.9A CN201810844746A CN108834952A CN 108834952 A CN108834952 A CN 108834952A CN 201810844746 A CN201810844746 A CN 201810844746A CN 108834952 A CN108834952 A CN 108834952A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
fish pond
carp
fish
water
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
许飞
韦玉
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Hefei River Duo Bao Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Hefei River Duo Bao Agricultural Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201810844746.9A priority Critical patent/CN108834952A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • A01K61/13Prevention or treatment of fish diseases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/30Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms
    • A23K10/37Animal feeding-stuffs from material of plant origin, e.g. roots, seeds or hay; from material of fungal origin, e.g. mushrooms from waste material
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/142Amino acids; Derivatives thereof
    • A23K20/147Polymeric derivatives, e.g. peptides or proteins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/163Sugars; Polysaccharides
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/10Organic substances
    • A23K20/174Vitamins
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/28Silicates, e.g. perlites, zeolites or bentonites
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K20/00Accessory food factors for animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K20/20Inorganic substances, e.g. oligoelements
    • A23K20/30Oligoelements
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish
    • Y02A40/818Alternative feeds for fish, e.g. in aquacultures
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ecological cultivation methods of carp, and this method comprises the following steps:(1) addressing in fish pond with build;(2) preceding preparation is put in a suitable place to breed;(3) fry launches pre-treatment;(4) feeding management;(5) water quality management;(6) disease prevention and cure;(7) periodically fishing.The survival rate of fish fry that the ecological cultivation method of carp of the present invention raises is high, premunition is strong;Fish growth rate is fast, delicious meat, yield are high;The present invention reduces the dispensing of drug and chemical substance, avoids the residual of drug in carp body very well.

Description

The ecological cultivation method of carp
Technical field
The present invention relates to freshwater fish culturing technical fields, relate in particular to a kind of ecological cultivation method of carp.
Background technique
Carp belongs to Cypriniformes, and Cyprinidae, type is more, there is wild carp, squama carp mirror carp, red cyprinoid, pocket carp etc..Carp is to water Body environmental suitability is strong, is the traditional excellent variety of China's freshwater aquiculture.Carp often inhabites the bottom in water body, and adult fish is with soft Ominivore-fish based on body animal.Under field conditions (factors), Major Foods are spiral shell, a species of small clam living in fresh water, aquatic insect larva, water earthworm and silk Algae, water plant and organic detritus, carp is warm-natured suitable, and growth is fast, and disease is few, easily breeds.Under the conditions of artificial raise, life Faster, yield is very high for length.
Currently, mostly having continued to use the pond culture mode that tradition changes ability of swimming to the cultivation of carp, in recent years, China fish are supported Industry rapid development is grown, intensive degree is continuously improved, but during fish culture, various chemicals are used for a long time in people. These chemical reagent are easy to make water pollution, interfere the normal growth of fish, chemical residual are also had in fish body, after the mankind are edible Serious harm can be generated to body.But existing carp culture is all the feed for abusing unreasonable allocation, does not only result in water quality It is deteriorated, the carp underproduction, and the quality of carp also greatly reduces.
Summary of the invention
For the above the deficiencies in the prior art, provide that a kind of survival rate of fish fry is high, premunition is strong, fish growth rate Fastly, the ecological cultivation method of the high carp of delicious meat, yield.
Realize the technical scheme is that:A kind of ecological cultivation method of carp, this method comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build:It selects to build fish pond far from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;The fish pond For rectangle, depth is 1.5-2.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.3-0.5 meters;On the fish pond direction be arranged a tank, Lower direction is equipped with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, more, aerator is equipped in the fish pond;Stirring is equipped in the tank Device;
(2) preceding preparation is put in a suitable place to breed:It is sprinkled into quick lime in the fish pond and carries out fish pond disinfection, is then exposed to the sun 20 days or so;Together When launch quick lime and thimerosal in the tank, starting agitating device carries out disinfection processing, stands and is exposed to the sun 7-10 days;So The sterilized water in the tank is put into the fish pond afterwards, and is filtered place using supersonic filter in water inlet Reason;Algae and snail are put into the fish pond;
(3) fry launches pre-treatment:Fry is put into 5% salt water and impregnates 6 by selection health, fry of the same size Fry is put into the fish pond after minute;Carp and silver carp fry quantity ratio are 4 in the fry:1;
(4) feeding management:Special feed is launched in timing daily, 3-5 times daily;The special feed is by following raw material components Parts by weight composition:10-20 parts of corn protein powder, 20-30 parts of dregs of beans, 10-15 parts of wheat bran, 8-10 parts of wheaten starch, rape cake 12-18 parts, 10-15 parts of pumpkin peel, 1-3 parts of salt, 5-8 parts of Chinese medicine additive, 3-5 parts of mineral additive, multi-vitamins 2-6 Part;
(5) water quality management:Booting oxygenation 2 hours daily, it is ensured that water oxygen content need to reach requirement in fish pond;Each week The 1/3 of the fish pond water is replaced, and launches crude salt, guarantees that water temperature, will be sterile-processed fresh in tank at 20-28 DEG C Water injects in fish pond;Each moon spreads quick lime to water;Water plant is launched into the fish pond within every 15 days, be high-volume 20- per acre 25 kilograms;
(6) disease prevention and cure:The dead fish in fish pond and sick fish are cleared up at any time, and pulverized limestone is periodically sprinkled into fish pond;
(7) periodically fishing:Fishing every month weight reaches the fish of 2kg or more.
Preferably, quick lime dosage is thousand grams/acre of 40-45 in the step (2);The dosage of quick lime will be controlled certain In range, harmful microorganism and the helminth in water can be just killed well in the range of this additive amount, effectively The quality for improving fishpond water effectively prevents the risk that fish falls ill with harmful microorganism and helminth Long Term Contact.
Preferably, the Chinese medicine additive is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:1-2 parts of Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract, ganoderma lucidum 1-2 parts of extract, 2-5 parts of tuckahoe extracts, 1-2 parts of pine needle, 1-2 parts of Radix Astragali, 1-2 parts of cordate houttuynia, 1-2 parts of dried orange peel, dandelion 1-2 parts, 1-2 parts of hawthorn, 1-2 parts of ramulus cinnamomi, 1-2 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 1-2 parts of garlic, 2-3 parts of elscholtiza, 1-3 parts of rhizoma atractylodis, 3-5 parts of scutellaria, 6-8 parts of the coptis, 2-4 parts of kuh-seng;Due to being added to traditional Chinese medicine ingredients, the immunity of carp can be improved, while adjusting its stomach and intestine function Can, reduce the dosage of antibiotic and medicine of killing virus, while improving the quality of carp meat;Carp is since immunity enhances, greatly The big probability for reducing morbidity, the speed of growth are significantly speeded.
Preferably, the mineral additive is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:2-5 parts of zeolite powder, medical stone 5-8 Part, 4-6 parts of diatomite, 2-6 parts of potassium feldspar, 5-8 parts of seaweed stone, 2-3 parts of sodium selenite, 1-2 parts of calcium iodate, ferrous sulfate 1-3 Part, 2-5 parts of copper sulphate, 2-4 parts of zinc sulfate, the addition of minerals effectively supplement the need of carp growth process Mineral Elements It asks, improves carp metabolism, be conducive to synthesize various substances, effectively maintain body acid-base balance and normal osmotic pressure, effectively mention High carp growth speed.
Preferably, the parts by weight composition of the following raw material components of the multi-vitamins:4000 milligrams of vitamin A, vitamin 100 milligrams of D3,9 grams of vitamin E, 6 grams of Vitamin K3,5 grams of vitamin B1,3 grams of vitamin B2,200 milli of biotin Gram, 90 grams of niacin and 3 grams of folic acid, 5 grams of vitamin B2,5 grams of vitamin C, which can supplement carp growth process Needed for various vitamins, healthier in growth course, disease greatly reduces.
Preferably, the step (6) is intermediate was sprinkled into pulverized limestone and bacteria remover every 15 days in fish pond, in this way could be long-term It keeps the water quality in fish pond to be in excellent condition, avoids the breeding of bacterium and helminth in water, effectively improve the disease incidence of fish.
Preferably, fry breeding density is 4-6 Wei/㎡ in the step (3);Density is excessive, be easy to cause the anoxic of fish, Too small to have wasting space, cultivation greatly reduces resource so that enough the useful space is made full use of to be cultivated in this density Waste.
Compared with prior art the beneficial effects of the present invention are:1, due in the present invention, for introduce the water in fish pond into Row disinfection treatment in advance and the accurate monitoring of water quality, it is ensured that the water quality of fishpond water quality is in high-quality state always;Effectively kill The various harmful microorganisms of water quality and helminth reduce the generation that carp falls ill by Long Term Contact harmful microorganism, morbidity Rate significantly reduces, and growing way is more preferable;2, using dedicated feed, feed is able to satisfy the material demand in carp growth, and increases Chinese medicine additive can improve the immunity of carp, while adjust its gastrointestinal function, reduce the dosage of antibiotic and medicine of killing virus, The quality of carp meat is improved simultaneously;Carp greatly reduces the probability of morbidity, the speed of growth significantly increases since immunity enhances Fastly;Increased minerals and vitamins are able to satisfy the demand during carp growth, and carp growth speed is rapid;Due in feed Killing can be functioned well as and prevent the effect of helminth by being added to pumpkin peel, can reduce the hair of parasitic disease well It is raw;3, algae and snail are put into fish pond, and periodically launches water plant, and ecosystem state, carp feeding water are in the fish pond made Grass and algae, can promote to digest, meat quality of fish is more nearly ecosystem, delicious meat well;4, compared with conventinal breeding, this The disease incidence of the fish of invention reduces by 15%, and the speed of growth increases 12%, and every per mu yield increases by 15%, significantly improves aquaculture Economic benefit.
Specific embodiment
The following is a clear and complete description of the technical scheme in the embodiments of the invention.Based on the implementation in the present invention Example, those skilled in the art's every other embodiment obtained without making creative work, belongs to this hair The range of bright protection.
Embodiment 1
A kind of ecological cultivation method of carp, this method comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build:It selects to build fish pond far from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;The fish pond For rectangle, depth is 1.5-2.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.3-0.5 meters;On the fish pond direction be arranged a tank, Lower direction is equipped with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, 4, aerator is equipped in the fish pond;Stirring is equipped in the tank Device;
(2) preceding preparation is put in a suitable place to breed:Be sprinkled into the fish pond quick lime carry out fish pond disinfection, quick lime dosage be 40 kilograms/ Mu, is then exposed to the sun 20 days or so;Quick lime and thimerosal are launched in the tank simultaneously, starting agitating device carries out disinfection Processing, standing are exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then the sterilized water in the tank is put into the fish pond, and is utilized in water inlet Supersonic filter is filtered processing;Algae and snail are put into the fish pond;
(3) fry launches pre-treatment:Fry is put into 5% salt water and impregnates 6 by selection health, fry of the same size Fry is put into the fish pond after minute;Carp and silver carp fry quantity ratio are 4 in the fry:1;Fry breeding density is 4 Wei/㎡;
(4) feeding management:Special feed is launched in timing daily, 3-5 times daily;7 days primary dispensing water plants, water plant injected volume Determined according to the size and number of fish;The special feed is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:10 parts of corn protein powder, 20 parts of dregs of beans, 10 parts of wheat bran, 8 parts of wheaten starch, 12 parts of rape cake, 10 parts of pumpkin peel, 1 part of salt, 5 parts of Chinese medicine additive, mine 3 parts of object additive, 2 parts of multi-vitamins;Chinese medicine additive is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:1 part of Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract, 1 part of Ganodenna Lucidum P.E, 2 parts of tuckahoe extracts, 1 part of pine needle, 1 part of Radix Astragali, 1 part of cordate houttuynia, 1 part of dried orange peel, 1 part of dandelion, hawthorn 1 Part, 1 part of ramulus cinnamomi, 1 part of folium artemisiae argyi, 1 part of garlic, 2 parts of elscholtiza, 1 part of rhizoma atractylodis, 3 parts of scutellaria, 6 parts of the coptis, 2 parts of kuh-seng;Mineral additive It is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:2 parts of zeolite powder, 5 parts of medical stone, 4 parts of diatomite, 2 parts of potassium feldspar, 5 parts of seaweed stone, 2 parts of sodium selenite, 1 part of calcium iodate, 1 part of ferrous sulfate, 2 parts of copper sulphate, 2 parts of zinc sulfate;The following raw material of multi-vitamins The parts by weight of component form:4000 milligrams of vitamin A, 100 milligrams of vitamine D3,9 grams of vitamin E, 6 grams of Vitamin K3, 3 grams of 5 grams of vitamin B1,3 grams of vitamin B2,200 milligrams of biotin, 90 grams of niacin and folic acid, 5 grams of vitamin B2, dimension life 5 grams of plain C;
(5) water quality management:Booting oxygenation 2 hours daily, it is ensured that water oxygen content need to reach requirement in fish pond;Each week The 1/3 of the fish pond water is replaced, and launches crude salt, guarantees that water temperature, will be sterile-processed fresh in tank at 20-28 DEG C Water injects in fish pond;Each moon spreads quick lime to water;Water plant is launched into the fish pond within every 15 days, be high-volume 20- per acre 25 kilograms;
(6) disease prevention and cure:The dead fish cleared up in fish pond at any time and sick fish were sprinkled into pulverized limestone every 15 days in fish pond;
(7) periodically fishing:Fishing every month weight reaches the fish of 2kg or more.
Embodiment 2
A kind of ecological cultivation method of carp, this method comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build:It selects to build fish pond far from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;The fish pond For rectangle, depth is 1.5-2.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.3-0.5 meters;On the fish pond direction be arranged a tank, Lower direction is equipped with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, 6, aerator is equipped in the fish pond;Stirring is equipped in the tank Device;
(2) preceding preparation is put in a suitable place to breed:Be sprinkled into the fish pond quick lime carry out fish pond disinfection, quick lime dosage be 43 kilograms/ Mu, is then exposed to the sun 20 days or so;Quick lime and thimerosal are launched in the tank simultaneously, starting agitating device carries out disinfection Processing, standing are exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then the sterilized water in the tank is put into the fish pond, and is utilized in water inlet Supersonic filter is filtered processing;Algae and snail are put into the fish pond;
(3) fry launches pre-treatment:Fry is put into 5% salt water and impregnates 6 by selection health, fry of the same size Fry is put into the fish pond after minute;Carp and silver carp fry quantity ratio are 4 in the fry:1;
(4) feeding management:Special feed is launched in timing daily, 3-5 times daily;7 days primary dispensing water plants;The dedicated feeding Material is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:12 parts of corn protein powder, 25 parts of dregs of beans, 12 parts of wheat bran, 9 parts of wheaten starch, dish 15 parts of seedcake, 12 parts of pumpkin peel, 2 parts of salt, 6 parts of Chinese medicine additive, 4 parts of mineral additive, 4 parts of multi-vitamins;Chinese medicine adds Agent is added to be made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:2 parts of Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract, 2 parts of Ganodenna Lucidum P.E, 3 parts of tuckahoe extracts, pine needle 2 parts, 2 parts of Radix Astragali, 2 parts of cordate houttuynia, 2 parts of dried orange peel, 2 parts of dandelion, 2 parts of hawthorn, 2 parts of ramulus cinnamomi, 2 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 2 parts of garlic, elscholtiza 3 Part, 3 parts of rhizoma atractylodis, 5 parts of scutellaria, 8 parts of the coptis, 4 parts of kuh-seng;Mineral additive is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:Zeolite 4 parts of powder, 6 parts of medical stone, 5 parts of diatomite, 4 parts of potassium feldspar, 6 parts of seaweed stone, 3 parts of sodium selenite, 2 parts of calcium iodate, ferrous sulfate 2 Part, 4 parts of copper sulphate, 3 parts of zinc sulfate;The parts by weight of the following raw material components of multi-vitamins form:4000 milli of vitamin A Gram, 100 milligrams of vitamine D3,9 grams of vitamin E, 6 grams of Vitamin K3,5 grams of vitamin B1,3 grams of vitamin B2, vitamin 3 grams of 200 milligrams of H, 90 grams of niacin and folic acid, 5 grams of vitamin B2,5 grams of vitamin C;
(5) water quality management:Booting oxygenation 2 hours daily, it is ensured that water oxygen content need to reach requirement in fish pond;Each week The 1/3 of the fish pond water is replaced, and launches crude salt, guarantees that water temperature, will be sterile-processed fresh in tank at 20-28 DEG C Water injects in fish pond;Each moon spreads quick lime to water;Water plant is launched into the fish pond within every 15 days, be high-volume 20- per acre 25 kilograms;
(6) disease prevention and cure:The dead fish cleared up in fish pond at any time and sick fish were sprinkled into pulverized limestone every 10 days in fish pond;
(7) periodically fishing:Fishing every month weight reaches the fish of 2kg or more.
Embodiment 3
A kind of ecological cultivation method of carp, which is characterized in that this method comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build:It selects to build fish pond far from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;The fish pond For rectangle, depth is 1.5-2.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.3-0.5 meters;On the fish pond direction be arranged a tank, Lower direction is equipped with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, 6, aerator is equipped in the fish pond;It can certainly be more, according to fish Pool size is installed;Agitating device is equipped in the tank;
(2) preceding preparation is put in a suitable place to breed:Be sprinkled into the fish pond quick lime carry out fish pond disinfection, quick lime dosage be 45 kilograms/ Mu, is then exposed to the sun 20 days or so;Quick lime and thimerosal are launched in the tank simultaneously, starting agitating device carries out disinfection Processing, standing are exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then the sterilized water in the tank is put into the fish pond, and is utilized in water inlet Supersonic filter is filtered processing;Algae and snail are put into the fish pond;
(3) fry launches pre-treatment:Fry is put into 5% salt water and impregnates 6 by selection health, fry of the same size Fry is put into the fish pond after minute;Carp and silver carp fry quantity ratio are 4 in the fry:1;Fry breeding density is 6 Wei/㎡;
(4) feeding management:Special feed is launched in timing daily, 3-5 times daily;7 days primary dispensing water plants;The dedicated feeding Material is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:20 parts of corn protein powder, 30 parts of dregs of beans, 15 parts of wheat bran, 10 parts of wheaten starch, dish 18 parts of seedcake, 15 parts of pumpkin peel, 3 parts of salt, 8 parts of Chinese medicine additive, 5 parts of mineral additive, 6 parts of multi-vitamins;Chinese medicine adds Agent is added to be made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:2 parts of Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract, 2 parts of Ganodenna Lucidum P.E, 5 parts of tuckahoe extracts, pine needle 2 parts, 2 parts of Radix Astragali, 2 parts of cordate houttuynia, 2 parts of dried orange peel, 2 parts of dandelion, 2 parts of hawthorn, 2 parts of ramulus cinnamomi, 2 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 2 parts of garlic, elscholtiza 3 Part, 3 parts of rhizoma atractylodis, 5 parts of scutellaria, 8 parts of the coptis, 4 parts of kuh-seng;Mineral additive is made of the parts by weight of following raw material components:Zeolite 5 parts of powder, 8 parts of medical stone, 6 parts of diatomite, 6 parts of potassium feldspar, 8 parts of seaweed stone, 3 parts of sodium selenite, 2 parts of calcium iodate, ferrous sulfate 3 Part, 5 parts of copper sulphate, 4 parts of zinc sulfate;The parts by weight of the following raw material components of multi-vitamins form:4000 milli of vitamin A Gram, 100 milligrams of vitamine D3,9 grams of vitamin E, 6 grams of Vitamin K3,5 grams of vitamin B1,3 grams of vitamin B2, vitamin 3 grams of 200 milligrams of H, 90 grams of niacin and folic acid, 5 grams of vitamin B2,5 grams of vitamin C;
(5) water quality management:Booting oxygenation 2 hours daily, it is ensured that water oxygen content need to reach requirement in fish pond;Each week The 1/3 of the fish pond water is replaced, and launches crude salt, guarantees that water temperature, will be sterile-processed fresh in tank at 20-28 DEG C Water injects in fish pond;Each moon spreads quick lime to water;Water plant is launched into the fish pond within every 15 days, be high-volume 20- per acre 25 kilograms;
(6) disease prevention and cure:The dead fish cleared up in fish pond at any time and sick fish were sprinkled into pulverized limestone every 15 days in fish pond;
(7) periodically fishing:Fishing every month weight reaches the fish of 2kg or more.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all in essence of the invention Within mind and principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on be should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of ecological cultivation method of carp, which is characterized in that this method comprises the following steps:
(1) addressing in fish pond with build:It selects to build fish pond far from residential neighborhoods and abundant water location;The fish pond is length Rectangular, depth is 1.5-2.5 meters, and silt depth is 0.3-0.5 meters;Tank, a lower section is arranged in direction on the fish pond To equipped with sewage draining exit;Device for feeding fish bait one, more, aerator is equipped in the fish pond;Stirring dress is equipped in the tank It sets;
(2) preceding preparation is put in a suitable place to breed:It is sprinkled into quick lime in the fish pond and carries out fish pond disinfection, is then exposed to the sun 20 days or so;Exist simultaneously Launch quick lime and thimerosal in the tank, starting agitating device carries out disinfection processing, stands and is exposed to the sun 7-10 days;Then will Sterilized water in the tank is put into the fish pond, and is filtered processing using supersonic filter in water inlet; Algae and snail are put into the fish pond;
(3) fry launches pre-treatment:Fry is put into 5% salt water and impregnates 6 minutes by selection health, fry of the same size Fry is put into the fish pond afterwards;Carp and silver carp fry quantity ratio are 4 in the fry:1;
(4) feeding management:Special feed is launched in timing daily, 3-5 times daily;The special feed by following raw material components weight Measure part composition:10-20 parts of corn protein powder, 20-30 parts of dregs of beans, 10-15 parts of wheat bran, 8-10 parts of wheaten starch, rape cake 12-18 Part, 10-15 parts of pumpkin peel, 1-3 parts of salt, 5-8 parts of Chinese medicine additive, 3-5 parts of mineral additive, 2-6 parts of multi-vitamins;
(5) water quality management:Booting oxygenation 2 hours daily, it is ensured that water oxygen content need to reach requirement in fish pond;The replacement of each week The 1/3 of the fish pond water, and crude salt is launched, guarantee that at 20-28 DEG C, fresh water sterile-processed in tank is infused for water temperature Enter in fish pond;Each moon spreads quick lime to water;Water plant is launched into the fish pond within every 15 days, be high-volume 20-25 thousand per acre Gram;
(6) disease prevention and cure:The dead fish in fish pond and sick fish are cleared up at any time, and pulverized limestone is periodically sprinkled into fish pond;
(7) periodically fishing:Fishing every month weight reaches the fish of 2kg or more.
2. the ecological cultivation method of carp according to claim 1, which is characterized in that quick lime dosage in the step (2) It is thousand grams/acre of 40-45.
3. the ecological cultivation method of carp according to claim 1 or claim 2, which is characterized in that the Chinese medicine additive is by following The parts by weight of raw material components form:1-2 parts of Rhizoma Gastrodiae extract, 1-2 parts of Ganodenna Lucidum P.E, 2-5 parts of tuckahoe extracts, pine needle 1-2 Part, 1-2 parts of Radix Astragali, 1-2 parts of cordate houttuynia, 1-2 parts of dried orange peel, 1-2 parts of dandelion, 1-2 parts of hawthorn, 1-2 parts of ramulus cinnamomi, 1-2 parts of folium artemisiae argyi, 1-2 parts of garlic, 2-3 parts of elscholtiza, 1-3 parts of rhizoma atractylodis, 3-5 parts of scutellaria, 6-8 parts of the coptis, 2-4 parts of kuh-seng.
4. the ecological cultivation method of carp according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the mineral additive is by following raw material The parts by weight of component form:2-5 parts of zeolite powder, 5-8 parts of medical stone, 4-6 parts of diatomite, 2-6 parts of potassium feldspar, 5-8 parts of seaweed stone, 2-3 parts of sodium selenite, 1-2 parts of calcium iodate, 1-3 parts of ferrous sulfate, 2-5 parts of copper sulphate, 2-4 parts of zinc sulfate.
5. the ecological cultivation method of carp according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the following raw material group of multi-vitamins The parts by weight composition divided:4000 milligrams of vitamin A, 100 milligrams of vitamine D3,9 grams of vitamin E, 6 grams of Vitamin K3, dimension Raw 5 grams of element B1,3 grams of vitamin B2,200 milligrams of biotin, 90 grams of niacin and 3 grams of folic acid, 5 grams of vitamin B2, vitamin 5 grams of C.
6. the ecological cultivation method of carp according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step (6) is intermediate every 15 days Pulverized limestone is sprinkled into fish pond.
7. the ecological cultivation method of carp according to claim 1, which is characterized in that fry is put in a suitable place to breed close in the step (3) Degree is 4-6 Wei/㎡.
CN201810844746.9A 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 The ecological cultivation method of carp Withdrawn CN108834952A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111631175A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-09-08 贵州裕和蔬菜种植农民专业合作社 Ecological breeding method for carps

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111631175A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-09-08 贵州裕和蔬菜种植农民专业合作社 Ecological breeding method for carps

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Application publication date: 20181120