Full-automatic PCB board separator
The present invention relates to PCB scoreboard equipment technical fields, and in particular to a kind of full-automatic PCB board separator.
With the continuous development of electronic technology, what lamps and lanterns were used in our life is also more and more extensive, lamps and lanterns
Core component first is that printed circuit board.In order to improve the yield and plug-in machine production of printed circuit board (being commonly called as pcb board) manufacture
Linear velocity, pcb board are generally designed to multi-joint form, and it is small will to be divided into many smaller single PCB in the final product
Plate.Multi-joint pcb board, in order to facilitate the scoreboard in dividing techniques, generally can hold V-groove or stamp hole etc. in boundary in production,
This V-groove is V-CUT slot, and when segmentation has the multi-joint pcb board of V-CUT slot, existing board separator mostly uses greatly feed
Formula scheme goes to divide multi-joint pcb board.But the prior art has the following disadvantages：
1, the board separator loading and unloading pcb board for walking blade scheme cannot be cooperated automatically on multi-joint pcb board using manual mode
Blanking greatly reduces scoreboard operating efficiency, due to by the way of manual to multi-joint pcb board loading and unloading, in the mistake of loading and unloading
Internal injury easily is caused to multi-joint pcb board in journey, to cause yields low and economic loss.It is also difficult using manual loading and unloading mode
Seamless interfacing is carried out with existing pcb board production preceding working procedure to realize；
2, using the board separator of this scheme when dividing high-accuracy PCB, often pcb board positioning is inaccurately caused interior
Portion's internal injury and substantially reduce scoreboard yields.
Summary of the invention
In view of the problems of the existing technology, it is an object of that present invention to provide full-automatic PCB board separator, working efficiencies
Height, scoreboard is high-quality, yields is high, and high degree of automation, cost of labor are low.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is that：Full-automatic PCB board separator, including：
Rack, the rack include workbench and the Working gantry that is erected in the middle part of the workbench；
Feeding transmission mechanism, the feeding transmission mechanism are used to the pcb board of preamble station being input to feeding station,
The first driving including feeding substrate, the guide assembly being erected on feeding substrate and the driving pcb board slide handover station
Feed mechanism, the feed mechanism are used to pcb board being moved to scoreboard station from feeding station, are erected at the work
Make rack one end；
Scoreboard mechanism, the scoreboard mechanism include lower mold assemblies and the upper mold group that is set up in right above the lower mold assemblies
Part, the upper die component include that cope plate, the cutter group that cope plate lower end is arranged in and the driving cope plate push cutting plate
Upper mold driving device, the lower mold assemblies include lower template and be arranged in lower template upper end and the cutter group Corresponding matching
Bottom knife group；
Cutting agency, the cutting agency are used to pcb board being moved to discharge station from scoreboard station, are erected at the work
Make the rack other end；
Blanking transmission mechanism, the pcb board after the blanking transmission mechanism is used to process export.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the guide assembly includes that main guide rail disposed in parallel and pair are led
Rail, the pcb board are located between the main guide rail and the secondary guide rail, and first driving assembly drives the pcb board edge
The main guide rail and the secondary guide rail cooperation movement.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the guide assembly tail end is provided with cooperates with the feed mechanism
Positioning clamping device.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the secondary guide rail is provided with feeding substrate joint is used for
The guidance set of the main guide rail and the secondary guide rail spacing is adjusted, the guidance set includes slide rod device and guiding driving dress
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the feeding transmission mechanism further includes being arranged in the feeding substrate
The auxiliary transmission component of lower section, the auxiliary transmission component includes setting in the workbench and the vertical main guide rail and pair are led
The Auxiliary Track of rail transmission direction setting is slidably arranged in the Auxiliary Track upper end and is fixedly connected with the feeding substrate
Positioning sliding block and the second driving assembly for driving the feeding substrate to slide along Auxiliary Track.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the upper die component further includes being vertically set on the Working gantry
In upper mold guide rod, cope plate sliding is arranged through the upper mold guide rod.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the cutter group vertically cope plate setting, it is described to cut
The vertically lower template setting of piece group, the lower template are additionally provided with several be arranged in a staggered manner with the bottom knife group for branch
The support column of support positioning pcb board.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the cope plate is additionally provided with is arranged in a staggered manner with the cutter group
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the feed mechanism includes the feeding for being set up in the Working gantry
Arm, the bearing assembly for being slideably positioned in feeding arm and the Suction cup assembly for being fixed at bearing assembly lower end.
As a further improvement of the above technical scheme, the blanking transmission mechanism is the biography of setting on the workbench
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows：Compared with prior art, full-automatic PCB board separator provided by the invention uses
Set gradually on the rack for the pcb board of preamble station to be input to the feeding transmission mechanism of feeding station, is used for
Pcb board is moved to the feed mechanism of scoreboard station from feeding station, scoreboard mechanism, is used to move pcb board from scoreboard station
Cutting agency to discharge station and the mutually coordinated operation of blanking transmission mechanism for the pcb board output after processing,
It realizes pcb board and is transferred to feeding scoreboard again to the full-automatic continuous productive process of blanking output process from contraposition, work efficiency is high,
Scoreboard is high-quality, yields is high, and high degree of automation, cost of labor are low.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the technical solution of the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, required use in being described below to embodiment
Attached drawing be briefly described, drawings in the following description are some embodiments of the invention, for ordinary skill people
For member, without creative efforts, it is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
The present invention is further illustrated with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of the preferred embodiment of full-automatic PCB board separator of the invention.
Fig. 2 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of feeding transmission mechanism in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of feed mechanism in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is the schematic enlarged-scale view of Tu1Zhong scoreboard mechanism.
Fig. 5 is the assembling structure enlarged drawing of cutter group and bottom knife group in Fig. 4.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete
Site preparation description, it is clear that described embodiments are some of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on this hair
Embodiment in bright, every other implementation obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts
Example, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to figs. 1 to shown in Fig. 5, a kind of full-automatic PCB board separator of the present embodiment, including rack 1 and it is successively set on machine
Feeding transmission mechanism 2, feed mechanism 3, scoreboard mechanism 4, cutting agency 5, blanking transmission mechanism 6 on frame 1；Rack 1 includes work
The Working gantry 12 making platform 11 and being erected in the middle part of workbench.
As shown in Fig. 2, feeding transmission mechanism 2 is set to the left side of workbench 11, for inputting the pcb board of preamble station
To feeding station, including feeding substrate 21, the guide assembly being erected on feeding substrate 21 22 and driving pcb board slide handover work
First driving assembly 23 of position；Guide assembly 22 includes main guide rail 221 disposed in parallel and secondary guide rail 222, and pcb board is located in master
Between guide rail 221 and secondary guide rail 222, the first driving assembly 23 drives pcb board to move along main guide rail 221 and the secondary cooperation of guide rail 222,
First driving assembly 23 is arranged in parallel in the roller group of main guide rail 221 and secondary guide rail 222 by motor and transmission shaft synchronous drive
230, pcb board is input to feeding station from preamble station.Preferably, secondary guide rail 222 is provided with 21 joint of feeding substrate
Guidance set 223 is adjusted the spacing of main guide rail 221 and secondary guide rail 222, adapts to the processing request of different size pcb board, specifically
, guidance set 223 includes slide rod device 2231 and guide driver 2232, and guide driver 2232 is driven using synchronous belt
The dynamic guide runner being fixedly connected with secondary guide rail 222, in the guiding role lower slider adjusting position of slide rod device 2231.
Preferably, feeding transmission mechanism 2 further includes the auxiliary transmission component 25 being arranged in below feeding substrate 21, and auxiliary passes
Defeated component 25 includes workbench 11 being arranged in and the Auxiliary Track of vertical main guide rail 221 and secondary 222 transmission direction of guide rail setting
251, the positioning sliding block 252 and driving feeding base for being slidably arranged in 251 upper end of Auxiliary Track and being fixedly connected with feeding substrate 21
The second driving assembly 253 that plate 21 is slided along Auxiliary Track 251, Auxiliary Track 251 are arranged in parallel with two, the second driving assembly
253 drive positioning sliding block 252 using synchronous belt, make position of the feeding substrate 21 along Auxiliary Track 251 before and after the progress of workbench 11
Mobile adjusting is set, feed mechanism 3 is facilitated to draw.
Further, 22 tail end of guide assembly is provided with the positioning clamping device 24 cooperated with feed mechanism 3, to pcb board
It is positioned, improves the success rate that feed mechanism 3 is drawn.
As shown in figure 3, feed mechanism 3 is erected at 12 left end of Working gantry, for pcb board to be moved to point from feeding station
Plate station, feed mechanism 3 include being set up in the feeding arm 31 of Working gantry 12, being slideably positioned in the bearing assembly 32 of feeding arm 31
With the Suction cup assembly 33 for being fixed at 32 lower end of bearing assembly.Specifically, feeding arm 31 includes feeding crossbeam 311, setting
Crossbeam driving device 312 on feeding crossbeam 311 be slidably arranged in feeding crossbeam 311 and lower end is fixedly connected with bearing assembly
32 crossbeam sliding block 313,311 center of feeding crossbeam offer sliding groove 3110, and crossbeam sliding block 313 is slideably positioned in sliding groove
In 3110, bearing assembly 32 and Suction cup assembly 33 is driven to act, Suction cup assembly 33 is by multiple and pcb board corresponding matching sucker group
At stable absorption can be carried out to pcb board.
As shown in Figure 4 and Figure 5, scoreboard mechanism 4 includes lower mold assemblies 41 and the upper mold for being set up in 41 surface of lower mold assemblies
Component 42, upper die component 41 include cope plate 411, the cutter group 412 that 411 lower end of cope plate is arranged in and driving cope plate
411 push cutting plates upper mold driving device 413, lower mold assemblies 42 include lower template 421 and be arranged 421 upper end of lower template with it is upper
The bottom knife group 422 of 412 Corresponding matching of set of blades, cutter group 412 and bottom knife group 422 are laminated and cut pcb board.It is preferred that
, upper die component 41 further includes the upper mold guide rod 43 being vertically set in Working gantry 12, and upper mold guide rod 43 is symmetricly set on work
Make on four angles of rack 12, the sliding of cope plate 411 is arranged through upper mold guide rod 43, and cope plate 411 is made to be pressed downward positioning more
Accurately, the pressing of cutter group 412 is more stable, it is not easy to cause internal injury to pcb board.Specifically, in order to ensure the quality of scoreboard,
The setting of the vertical cope plate 411 of cutter group 412, the setting of the vertical lower template 421 of bottom knife group 422.
In the present embodiment, regulating tank 4211 is offered in the lower template 421, the sliding of regulating tank 4211 is provided with tune
Save locating piece 4212, the relative position for adjusting locating piece 4212 and the bottom knife group 422 being adjusted；Preferably, the tune
Section 4211 end of slot is additionally provided with backstop 4213.
Further, lower template 421 is additionally provided with several be arranged in a staggered manner with bottom knife group 422 and is used to support positioning
The support column 423 of pcb board, the actuation convenient for feed mechanism 3 and cutting agency 5 to pcb board, also ensures PCB during cutting plate
The stabilization of plate positioning.Further, cope plate 411 is additionally provided with several elastics being arranged in a staggered manner with cutter group 412
413, pcb board occurs vibration or splashes during avoiding cutting plate, damages pcb board.
In the present embodiment, cutting agency 5 is erected at 12 right end of Working gantry, for pcb board to be moved to from scoreboard station
Discharge station, the specific structure and feed mechanism 3 of cutting agency 5 are identical, and the main distinction is because of the knot before and after pcb board scoreboard
Structure difference causes different from the arrangement of the sucker of pcb board corresponding matching.Blanking transmission mechanism 6 is specially to be arranged on workbench 11
Conveyer belt, blanking transmission mechanism 6 be used for will process after pcb board export.
The present embodiment uses to be successively set in rack 1 and is used to the pcb board of preamble station being input to feeding work
The feeding transmission mechanism 2 of position, feed mechanism 3, scoreboard mechanism 4, use for pcb board to be moved to scoreboard station from feeding station
In by pcb board from scoreboard station be moved to the cutting agency 5 of discharge station and be used to process after the pcb board output under
Expect the mutually coordinated operation of transmission mechanism 6, realize pcb board from contraposition be transferred to feeding scoreboard again to blanking output process it is complete from
Dynamic continuous productive process, work efficiency is high, scoreboard is high-quality, yields is high, and high degree of automation, cost of labor are low.
The above specific structure is to have carried out specific description to presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, but be not intended to limit this hair
Bright embodiment and protection scope, those skilled in the art can also do on the premise of without prejudice to spirit of the invention
Perhaps these equivalent deformations or replacement of replacement are all contained in defined by the claim of this application various equivalent variations out