CN108824483A - The external wall structure and its construction method of multi-storey basement - Google Patents

The external wall structure and its construction method of multi-storey basement Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108824483A
CN108824483A CN201810812702.8A CN201810812702A CN108824483A CN 108824483 A CN108824483 A CN 108824483A CN 201810812702 A CN201810812702 A CN 201810812702A CN 108824483 A CN108824483 A CN 108824483A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
basement
crown beam
wall
upper layer
roof
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201810812702.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
艾姣龙
郭建伟
邓飞
郭雨鑫
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China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
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Publication date
Application filed by China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd filed Critical China Construction Eighth Engineering Division Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810812702.8A priority Critical patent/CN108824483A/en
Publication of CN108824483A publication Critical patent/CN108824483A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D29/00Independent underground or underwater structures; Retaining walls
    • E02D29/045Underground structures, e.g. tunnels or galleries, built in the open air or by methods involving disturbance of the ground surface all along the location line; Methods of making them
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D27/00Foundations as substructures
    • E02D27/10Deep foundations
    • E02D27/12Pile foundations
    • E02D27/14Pile framings, i.e. piles assembled to form the substructure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/0007Base structures; Cellars

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Mining & Mineral Resources (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • General Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Paleontology (AREA)
  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • General Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Electromagnetism (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Physics & Mathematics (AREA)
  • Underground Structures, Protecting, Testing And Restoring Foundations (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of external wall structure of multi-storey basement and its form of construction work, which includes:Bottom outer wall of basement;Support pile is set to the outside of the bottom outer wall of basement, has poured crown beam at the top of the support pile;Bottom basement roof, is formed in the top of the bottom outer wall of basement, and the bottom basement roof extends to the crown beam and is connected with the crown beam;And upper layer outer wall of basement, it is formed in the crown beam and is connected with the crown beam.The present invention solves the problems, such as that traditional multi-storey basement construction is long there are the construction time, the utilization rate of crown beam supporting construction is low.

Description

The external wall structure and its construction method of multi-storey basement
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of building construction, and in particular to a kind of external wall structure and its construction party of multi-storey basement Method.
Background technique
Currently, when the complicated basement structure of domestic construct more absolute altitudes, different depth, deeper subsurface room of usually first constructing (bottom basement) constructs shallow underground room (upper layer basement) again.After the completion of the external wall structure construction of deeper subsurface room again successively Construction waterproof, backfill, shallow underground cell structure of finally constructing.Such conventional construction method is primarily present following problems:Construction Time is long, is unfavorable for cross construction, is unsatisfactory for limited construction period;Crown beam supporting construction is only in the deeper subsurface early period room construction time Between play support action, form the larger wasting of resources.
Summary of the invention
To overcome the defects of present in the prior art, the external wall structure and its construction party of a kind of multi-storey basement are now provided Method, to solve the problems, such as that traditional multi-storey basement construction is long there are the construction time, the utilization rate of crown beam supporting construction is low.
To achieve the above object, a kind of external wall structure of multi-storey basement is provided, including:
Bottom outer wall of basement;
Support pile is set to the outside of the bottom outer wall of basement, has poured crown beam at the top of the support pile;
Bottom basement roof, is formed in the top of the bottom outer wall of basement, and the bottom basement roof extends It is connected to the crown beam and with the crown beam;And
Upper layer outer wall of basement is formed in the crown beam and is connected with the crown beam.
Further, the bottom basement roof has horizontal reinforcement, and the horizontal reinforcement is anchored in the crown beam.
Further, the upper layer outer wall of basement has vertical reinforcement, and the vertical reinforcement is anchored in the crown beam.
Further, connection reinforcing bar is equipped in the crown beam, the first end of the connection reinforcing bar is with being anchored in the upper layer In the exterior wall of lower room, the second end of the connection reinforcing bar is anchored in the bottom basement roof.
The present invention improves a kind of construction method of the external wall structure of multi-storey basement, includes the following steps:
Construction supporting stake, and in pouring crown beam on the support pile;
In the side construction bottom outer wall of basement of the close foundation pit of the support pile;
In bottom basement roof of constructing on the bottom outer wall of basement, so that the bottom basement roof extends to The crown beam is simultaneously connected with the crown beam, meanwhile, in upper layer outer wall of basement of constructing in the crown beam, so that the upper layer Outer wall of basement is connected with the crown beam.
It further, further include step:Horizontal reinforcement is provided, when pouring the crown beam, by the of the horizontal reinforcement One end is embedded in advance in the crown beam;When constructing the basement roof, the second end of the horizontal reinforcement is poured in described In basement roof.
It further, further include step:Vertical reinforcement is provided, when pouring the crown beam, by the vertical reinforcement anchor First end is embedded in advance in the crown beam;When constructing the upper layer outer wall of basement, the second end of the vertical reinforcement is poured In the upper layer outer wall of basement.
It further, further include step:Connection reinforcing bar is provided to pour the connection reinforcing bar when pouring the crown beam In in the crown beam, so that the first end of the connection reinforcing bar extends to the second end of the top of the crown beam, the connection reinforcing bar Extend to the side close to the foundation pit of the crown beam;
When constructing the upper layer outer wall of basement, the crown beam first end is poured in the upper layer outer wall of basement In;
When constructing above-mentioned bottom basement roof, the second end of the connection reinforcing bar is poured in the bottom basement In top plate.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are the external wall structure of the multi-storey basement of the embodiment of the present invention passes through on support pile Crown beam on construct upper layer basement exterior wall, bottom basement structure is constructed simultaneously with upper layer basement structure, Increase working efficiency, guarantees the duration;On the other hand, using crown beam as the strip footing (permanent to utilize) of upper layer outer wall of basement Afterwards, the strip foundation of upper layer outer wall of basement is no longer separately provided, reduces project cost, improves the utilization rate of crown beam, avoid Crown beam supporting construction only plays support action during bottom basement construction early period and forms the larger wasting of resources.The present invention is implemented The bottom basement roof and upper layer outer wall of basement of the external wall structure of the multi-storey basement of example realize integral rigidity by crown beam Connection, bottom outer wall of basement realizes the rigid connection with support pile further through bottom basement roof and crown beam, so that entirely Basement structure forms a stable combination.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the external wall structure of the multi-storey basement of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the crown beam and upper layer outer wall of basement, bottom of the external wall structure of the multi-storey basement of the embodiment of the present invention The structural schematic diagram of the connecting node of lower ceiling plate.
Specific embodiment
Illustrate embodiments of the present invention below by way of specific specific example, those skilled in the art can be by this specification Other advantages and efficacy of the present invention can be easily understood for disclosed content.The present invention can also pass through in addition different specific realities The mode of applying is embodied or practiced, the various details in this specification can also based on different viewpoints and application, without departing from Various modifications or alterations are carried out under spirit of the invention.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the external wall structure of the multi-storey basement of the embodiment of the present invention, Fig. 2 is the embodiment of the present invention The structure of crown beam and the connecting node of upper layer outer wall of basement, bottom basement roof of external wall structure of multi-storey basement show It is intended to.
Shown in referring to Figures 1 and 2, the present invention provides a kind of external wall structures of multi-storey basement, including:Bottom basement Exterior wall 1, support pile 2, crown beam 3, bottom basement roof 4 and upper layer outer wall of basement 5.
Support pile 2 is set to the outside of bottom outer wall of basement 1.The top of support pile 2 has poured crown beam 3.Bottom underground Ceiling plate 4 is formed in the top of bottom outer wall of basement 1.Bottom basement roof 4 extends to crown beam 3 and is linked to be one with crown beam 3 Body.Upper layer outer wall of basement 5 is formed in crown beam 3 and is connected with crown beam 3.
The external wall structure of the multi-storey basement of the embodiment of the present invention passes through in upper layer underground of constructing in the crown beam on support pile The exterior wall of room allows bottom basement structure to construct simultaneously with upper layer basement structure, increases working efficiency, guarantees work Phase;On the other hand, after using crown beam as the strip footing (permanent to utilize) of upper layer outer wall of basement, upper layer is no longer separately provided The strip foundation of lower room exterior wall reduces project cost, avoids crown beam supporting construction only during bottom basement construction early period It plays support action and forms the larger wasting of resources.The bottom basement roof of the external wall structure of the multi-storey basement of the embodiment of the present invention With upper layer outer wall of basement by crown beam realize integral rigidity connect, bottom outer wall of basement further through bottom basement roof with Crown beam realizes the rigid connection with support pile, so that entire basement structure forms a stable combination.
In the present embodiment, bottom basement roof 4 has horizontal reinforcement 41.Horizontal reinforcement 41 is anchored in crown beam 3.
In the present embodiment, upper layer outer wall of basement 5 has vertical reinforcement 51.Vertical reinforcement 51 is anchored in crown beam 3.
In the present embodiment, connection reinforcing bar 31 is equipped in crown beam 3.The first end of connection reinforcing bar 31 is anchored in upper layer basement In exterior wall 5.The second end of connection reinforcing bar 31 is anchored in bottom basement roof 4.
In crown beam construction, the horizontal reinforcement of bottom basement roof and the vertical reinforcement of upper layer outer wall of basement are reserved, The horizontal reinforcement of bottom basement roof and the vertical reinforcement of upper layer outer wall of basement anchor into depth with code requirement according to design In the crown beam of foundation pit, constructs simultaneously in the bottom 500mm high scope of upper layer outer wall of basement with crown beam and embedding steel plate for sealing water is made For waterproof measure.
This valve provides a kind of construction method of the external wall structure of multi-storey basement, includes the following steps:
S1:Construction supporting stake 2, and in pouring crown beam 3 on the support pile 2.
S11 is in the edge construction supporting stake 2 of deep basal pit.
S12 is in pouring crown beam 3 on support pile 2.
S121 provides horizontal reinforcement 41 when pouring crown beam 3, and horizontal reinforcement 41 is horizontally disposed with, and by horizontal reinforcement 41 First end pour (anchoring) in crown beam 3, so that the second end of horizontal reinforcement extends to the side of the close deep basal pit of crown beam 3.
S122 provides vertical reinforcement 51 when pouring crown beam 3, and horizontal reinforcement 41 is vertically arranged, and by vertical reinforcement 51 First end pour (anchoring) in crown beam 3, so that the second end of vertical reinforcement extends to the top of crown beam 3.
S123 provides connection reinforcing bar 31 when pouring crown beam 3, and connection reinforcing bar 31 is poured in crown beam 3, so that connection steel The first end of muscle 31 extend to crown beam 3 top, connect reinforcing bar 31 second end extend to crown beam 3 close deep basal pit side.
S2:In the side construction bottom outer wall of basement 1 of the close foundation pit of support pile 2.
In the side construction bottom outer wall of basement 1 of the close deep basal pit of support pile, so that bottom outer wall of basement 1 and branch Form refill spaces between fender pile 2, and in backfilling air entrained concrete in refill spaces.
S3:In bottom basement roof 4 of constructing on bottom outer wall of basement 1, so that bottom basement roof 4 extends to hat Beam 3 is simultaneously connected with crown beam 3, meanwhile, in crown beam 3 construct upper layer outer wall of basement 5 so that upper layer outer wall of basement 5 with Crown beam 3 is connected.
When constructing upper layer outer wall of basement 5, the first end for connecting reinforcing bar 31 is poured into (anchoring) in outside the basement of upper layer In wall 5;The second end of vertical reinforcement is poured into (anchoring) in upper layer outer wall of basement 5.
When constructing bottom basement roof 4, the second end for connecting reinforcing bar 31 is poured into (anchoring) in bottom underground ceiling In plate 4;The second end of horizontal reinforcement 41 is poured into (anchoring) in bottom basement roof 4.
The construction method of the external wall structure of the multi-storey basement of the embodiment of the present invention in the crown beam on support pile by applying The exterior wall of work upper layer basement, allows bottom basement structure to construct simultaneously with upper layer basement structure, increases work effect Rate guarantees the duration;On the other hand, after using crown beam as the strip footing (permanent to utilize) of upper layer outer wall of basement, no longer individually The strip foundation of upper layer outer wall of basement is set, reduces project cost, avoids crown beam supporting construction only in bottom early period underground Support action forms the larger wasting of resources from the construction period of room.
It should be noted that this specification structure depicted in this specification institute accompanying drawings, ratio, size etc., only to cooperate The bright revealed content of book is not intended to limit the invention enforceable limit so that those skilled in the art understands and reads Fixed condition, therefore do not have technical essential meaning, the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or the adjustment of size, not It influences still fall in disclosed technology contents under the effect of present invention can be generated and the purpose that can reach and obtain In the range of capable of covering.Meanwhile it is cited such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right", " centre " and " one " in this specification Term is merely convenient to being illustrated for narration, rather than to limit the scope of the invention, the change of relativeness or tune It is whole, under the content of no substantial changes in technology, when being also considered as the enforceable scope of the present invention.
The present invention has been described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings, those skilled in the art can be according to upper It states and bright many variations example is made to the present invention.Thus, certain details in embodiment should not constitute limitation of the invention, this Invention will be using the range that the appended claims define as protection scope.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of external wall structure of multi-storey basement, which is characterized in that including:
Bottom outer wall of basement;
Support pile is set to the outside of the bottom outer wall of basement, has poured crown beam at the top of the support pile;
Bottom basement roof, is formed in the top of the bottom outer wall of basement, and the bottom basement roof extends to institute It states crown beam and is connected with the crown beam;And
Upper layer outer wall of basement is formed in the crown beam and is connected with the crown beam.
2. the external wall structure of multi-storey basement according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the bottom basement roof tool There is horizontal reinforcement, the horizontal reinforcement is anchored in the crown beam.
3. the external wall structure of multi-storey basement according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the upper layer outer wall of basement tool There is vertical reinforcement, the vertical reinforcement is anchored in the crown beam.
4. the external wall structure of multi-storey basement according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be equipped with connection steel in the crown beam The first end of muscle, the connection reinforcing bar is anchored in the upper layer outer wall of basement, and the second end of the connection reinforcing bar is anchored in In the bottom basement roof.
5. a kind of construction method of the external wall structure of multi-storey basement, which is characterized in that include the following steps:
Construction supporting stake, and in pouring crown beam on the support pile;
In the side construction bottom outer wall of basement of the close foundation pit of the support pile;
In bottom basement roof of constructing on the bottom outer wall of basement so that the bottom basement roof extend to it is described Crown beam is simultaneously connected with the crown beam, meanwhile, in upper layer outer wall of basement of constructing in the crown beam, so that the upper layer underground Room exterior wall is connected with the crown beam.
6. construction method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that further include step:Horizontal reinforcement is provided, pouring When stating crown beam, the first end of the horizontal reinforcement is embedded in advance in the crown beam;It, will be described when constructing the basement roof The second end of horizontal reinforcement pours in the basement roof.
7. construction method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that further include step:Vertical reinforcement is provided, pouring When stating crown beam, the first end of the vertical reinforcement anchor is embedded in advance in the crown beam;When constructing the upper layer outer wall of basement, The second end of the vertical reinforcement is poured in the upper layer outer wall of basement.
8. construction method according to claim 5, which is characterized in that further include step:Connection reinforcing bar is provided, pouring When stating crown beam, the connection reinforcing bar is poured in the crown beam, so that the first end of the connection reinforcing bar extends to the crown beam Top, it is described connection reinforcing bar second end extend to the crown beam close to the foundation pit side;
When constructing the upper layer outer wall of basement, the crown beam first end is poured in the upper layer outer wall of basement;
When constructing above-mentioned bottom basement roof, the second end of the connection reinforcing bar is poured in the bottom basement roof In.
CN201810812702.8A 2018-07-23 2018-07-23 The external wall structure and its construction method of multi-storey basement Pending CN108824483A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109403632A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-03-01 上海宝冶集团有限公司 A kind of ground-connecting-wall crown beam and superstructure connection construction method
CN111335669A (en) * 2020-04-17 2020-06-26 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Bar planting reinforced structure made behind basement structure beam

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201809774U (en) * 2010-09-16 2011-04-27 中建三局建设工程股份有限公司 Foundation ditch support replacement and inner support removal construction structure
CN203741869U (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-07-30 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 Connection node structure of underground diaphragm wall top beam and basement structure top plate
CN105040706A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-11-11 昆明理工大学 Double-row pile support structure capable of fully utilizing basement space and construction method of double-row pile support structure
CN205475257U (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-08-17 中南勘察设计院(湖北)有限责任公司 A composite pile anchor supporting construction for deepening excavation
CN206888005U (en) * 2017-06-29 2018-01-16 江苏华源建筑设计研究院股份有限公司 A kind of outer wall of basement
US20180044907A1 (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-02-15 Wuhan Zhihe Geotechnical Engineering Co., Ltd Inverse construction method for deep, large and long pit assembling structure of suspension-type envelope enclosure
CN208650098U (en) * 2018-07-23 2019-03-26 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 The external wall structure of more absolute altitude complexity basements

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201809774U (en) * 2010-09-16 2011-04-27 中建三局建设工程股份有限公司 Foundation ditch support replacement and inner support removal construction structure
CN203741869U (en) * 2013-12-10 2014-07-30 华东建筑设计研究院有限公司 Connection node structure of underground diaphragm wall top beam and basement structure top plate
CN105040706A (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-11-11 昆明理工大学 Double-row pile support structure capable of fully utilizing basement space and construction method of double-row pile support structure
CN205475257U (en) * 2016-03-17 2016-08-17 中南勘察设计院(湖北)有限责任公司 A composite pile anchor supporting construction for deepening excavation
US20180044907A1 (en) * 2016-08-12 2018-02-15 Wuhan Zhihe Geotechnical Engineering Co., Ltd Inverse construction method for deep, large and long pit assembling structure of suspension-type envelope enclosure
CN206888005U (en) * 2017-06-29 2018-01-16 江苏华源建筑设计研究院股份有限公司 A kind of outer wall of basement
CN208650098U (en) * 2018-07-23 2019-03-26 中国建筑第八工程局有限公司 The external wall structure of more absolute altitude complexity basements

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109403632A (en) * 2018-12-08 2019-03-01 上海宝冶集团有限公司 A kind of ground-connecting-wall crown beam and superstructure connection construction method
CN111335669A (en) * 2020-04-17 2020-06-26 中国建筑第四工程局有限公司 Bar planting reinforced structure made behind basement structure beam

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