CN108816780B - Intelligent preprocessing device for automatic sorting system - Google Patents

Intelligent preprocessing device for automatic sorting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108816780B
CN108816780B CN201810407984.3A CN201810407984A CN108816780B CN 108816780 B CN108816780 B CN 108816780B CN 201810407984 A CN201810407984 A CN 201810407984A CN 108816780 B CN108816780 B CN 108816780B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
rod
motor
separating
fixed
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810407984.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108816780A (en
Inventor
齐进才
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上海申雪供应链管理有限公司
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Priority to CN201810407984.3A priority Critical patent/CN108816780B/en
Publication of CN108816780A publication Critical patent/CN108816780A/en
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Publication of CN108816780B publication Critical patent/CN108816780B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C3/00Sorting according to destination
    • B07C3/10Apparatus characterised by the means used for detection ofthe destination
    • B07C3/12Apparatus characterised by the means used for detection ofthe destination using electric or electronic detecting means
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B07SEPARATING SOLIDS FROM SOLIDS; SORTING
    • B07CPOSTAL SORTING; SORTING INDIVIDUAL ARTICLES, OR BULK MATERIAL FIT TO BE SORTED PIECE-MEAL, e.g. BY PICKING
    • B07C1/00Measures preceding sorting according to destination
    • B07C1/02Forming articles into a stream; Arranging articles in a stream, e.g. spacing, orientating
    • B07C1/04Forming a stream from a bulk; Controlling the stream, e.g. spacing the articles

Abstract

The invention relates to an intelligent preprocessing device for an automatic sorting system, which comprises a separating mechanism, a controller, a code scanning mechanism, a conveying belt and a pushing mechanism, wherein the separating mechanism comprises a separating box, a conveying pipe, a separating assembly and a pushing assembly, the separating assembly comprises a first motor, a first driving shaft, a moving block, a supporting rod, a separating rod and a separating plate, the code scanning mechanism comprises a lifting assembly, a lifting plate, a first code scanner, a glass plate, a code scanning assembly and two vertical rods, the code scanning assembly comprises a lantern ring, a side rod, a bottom plate, a supporting rod, a second code scanner and a moving unit, the intelligent preprocessing device for the automatic sorting system realizes that piled commodities in the separating box are conveyed to the glass plate of the code scanning mechanism one by one through the separating mechanism, is convenient to execute code scanning, and not only can realize code scanning on each surface of the commodities through the code scanning mechanism and the pushing mechanism, the QR code can be identified by the guarantee device, the sorting system can execute sorting operation, and the practicability of the device is improved.

Description

Intelligent preprocessing device for automatic sorting system

Technical Field

The invention relates to the field of intelligent warehousing equipment, in particular to an intelligent preprocessing device for an automatic sorting system.

Background

An Automatic sorting system (Automatic sorting system) is one of the necessary facilities for advanced distribution centers, has high sorting efficiency, and can sort goods 60000 to 12000 boxes per hour, and is a key factor for improving the logistics distribution efficiency, so the Automatic sorting system is commonly used in the field of intelligent warehousing.

But in current automatic sorting system, need place commodity in sorting system's conveyer belt with specific angular position to in the system sweep the QR sign indicating number on the sign indicating number device accurate identification commodity, but in practical application, these operations all need rely on artifical manual the going on, manpower resources cost's waste has been caused, and commodity piles up easily on the conveyer belt, lead to automatic sorting system can't realize scanning identification one by one to the commodity on the conveyer belt, and then lead to current automatic sorting system to need add extra manpower and be used for conveying commodity on the conveyer belt one by one.

Disclosure of Invention

The technical problem to be solved by the invention is as follows: in order to overcome the defects of the prior art, an intelligent preprocessing device for an automatic sorting system is provided.

The technical scheme adopted by the invention for solving the technical problems is as follows: an intelligent preprocessing device for an automatic sorting system comprises a base, a platform, a separating mechanism, a controller, a code scanning mechanism, a conveyor belt, a pushing mechanism and four supporting columns, wherein four corners of the platform are fixed above the base through the four supporting columns respectively, the controller and the separating mechanism are arranged above the platform, the code scanning mechanism and the conveyor belt are arranged above the base, the pushing mechanism is positioned on one of the supporting columns, and a PLC is arranged in the controller;

the separating mechanism comprises a separating box, a conveying pipe, a separating assembly and a pushing assembly, the separating box is fixed above the platform, the bottom end of the conveying pipe is communicated with the separating box, the pushing assembly is located on one side, away from the controller, of the separating box, the separating assembly is located on one side of the separating box, a partition plate is arranged in the separating box, the separating assembly comprises a first motor, a buffer block, a first driving shaft, a moving block, a supporting rod, a separating rod and a separating plate, the first motor and the buffer block are both fixed on the base, the first motor is electrically connected with the PLC, the first driving shaft is located between the first motor and the buffer block, the first motor is in transmission connection with the first driving shaft, the moving block is sleeved on the first driving shaft, a first thread matched with the first driving shaft is arranged at the connecting position of the moving block and the first driving shaft, and the moving block is hinged to one end of the separating rod through, the other end of the separation rod is fixedly connected with a separation plate, the separation plate is arranged in a separation box, and the separation box is sleeved on the separation rod;

code scanning mechanism includes lifting unit, lifter plate, first code scanner, glass board, code scanning subassembly and two montants, lifting unit is connected with the lifter plate transmission, first code scanner is fixed in the top of lifter plate, and two montants are located the top at the both ends of lifter plate respectively, the glass board erects on two montants, the code scanning subassembly includes the lantern ring, side lever, bottom plate, bracing piece, second code scanner and mobile unit, lifting unit is located the inboard of the lantern ring, the lantern ring passes through side lever and bracing piece fixed connection, the top at the bracing piece is fixed to the second code scanner, the bottom plate is fixed in the bracing piece bottom, the mobile unit is located the below of bottom plate, first code scanner and second code scanner all are connected with the PLC electricity.

Preferably, in order to drive the lifting plate to lift, the lifting assembly comprises a second motor, a second driving shaft and a sleeve, the second motor is fixed above the base and electrically connected with the PLC, the second motor is in transmission connection with the bottom end of the second driving shaft, the top end of the second driving shaft is arranged in the sleeve, the sleeve is fixed below the lifting plate, and a second thread matched with the second driving shaft is arranged at the joint of the sleeve and the second driving shaft.

Preferably, in order to ensure the stable lifting of the sleeve, the lifting assembly further comprises two positioning rods, the two positioning rods are respectively positioned on two sides of the second driving shaft, the bottom ends of the positioning rods are fixed on the second motor, and the top ends of the positioning rods are arranged in the sleeve.

Preferably, in order to facilitate detection of the height position of the lifting plate, a distance sensor is disposed below the lifting plate, and the distance sensor is electrically connected to the PLC.

Preferably, in order to realize the movement of the base plate, the moving unit includes a third motor and two rollers, the third motor is fixed below the base plate, the third motor is electrically connected with the PLC, the two rollers are respectively located at two sides of the third motor, and the third motor is in transmission connection with the rollers.

Preferably, in order to push the commodity in the separation box to the side of the partition plate close to the conveying pipe, the pushing assembly comprises a support, a fourth motor, a first connecting rod, a second connecting rod, a third connecting rod, a fourth connecting rod and a pushing block, the fourth motor is fixedly connected with the separation box through the support, the fourth motor is electrically connected with the PLC, the fourth motor is in transmission connection with the first connecting rod, the first connecting rod is hinged to one end of the third connecting rod through the second connecting rod, the other end of the third connecting rod is fixedly connected with the fourth connecting rod, the pushing block is located at the bottom in the separation box, the pushing block is fixed at the bottom end of the fourth connecting rod, and the separation box is sleeved on the third connecting rod.

Preferably, in order to prevent the pushing block and the partition plate from extruding the commodity, a notch is arranged above one end, close to the partition plate, of the pushing block.

Preferably, in order to push commodities on the glass plate onto the conveyor belt, the pushing mechanism comprises a driving unit, an expansion bracket, a sliding ring, a sliding rail, a movable plate and a third code scanner, the driving unit is connected with one end of the expansion bracket, two sides of the other end of the expansion bracket are respectively hinged with the sliding ring and the movable plate, the sliding rail is U-shaped, two ends of the sliding rail are fixed on the movable plate, the sliding ring is sleeved on the sliding rail, and the third code scanner is fixed at the top end of one side, far away from the expansion bracket, of the movable plate.

Preferably, in order to drive the telescopic frame to stretch, the driving unit comprises an air pump, an air cylinder and a piston, the air cylinder is fixed on the pillar, the air pump is fixed on the air cylinder, the air pump is electrically connected with the PLC, the air pump is communicated with the air cylinder, the bottom end of the piston is arranged in the air cylinder, and the top end of the piston and the air cylinder are respectively hinged to two sides of one end, far away from the moving plate, of the telescopic frame.

Preferably, in order to prevent the goods from falling off when the pushing mechanism operates, an inclined plate and a support plate are arranged between the code scanning mechanism and the conveyor belt, and the inclined plate is fixed above the base through the support plate.

The intelligent preprocessing device for the automatic sorting system has the advantages that the stacking of commodities in the separating box is conveyed to the glass plate of the code scanning mechanism one by one through the separating mechanism, code scanning is convenient to execute, compared with the existing separating mechanism, the separating mechanism can prevent the commodities from being damaged by extrusion when the commodities are driven to move, code scanning is realized on each surface of the commodities through the code scanning mechanism and the pushing mechanism, the QR code can be identified by the device, sorting operation of the sorting system is convenient to execute, compared with the existing code scanning mechanism, the code scanning mechanism is flexible in structure, comprehensive scanning of the commodities can be realized through matching with the pushing mechanism, and further the practicability of the device is improved.

Drawings

The invention is further illustrated with reference to the following figures and examples.

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the intelligent pre-processing apparatus for an automated sorting system of the present invention;

FIG. 2 is a schematic diagram of the separation mechanism of the intelligent pre-processing apparatus for an automated sorting system of the present invention;

FIG. 3 is a schematic diagram of the separation assembly of the intelligent pre-processing apparatus for an automated sorting system of the present invention;

FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the structure of the code scanning mechanism of the intelligent pre-processing device for the automatic sorting system of the present invention;

FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of the pushing mechanism of the intelligent pre-processing apparatus for an automated sorting system of the present invention;

in the figure: 1. the device comprises a base, 2, a platform, 3, a controller, 4, a conveyor belt, 5, a support column, 6, a separation box, 7, a conveying pipe, 8, a partition plate, 9, a first motor, 10, a buffer block, 11, a first driving shaft, 12, a moving block, 13, a support rod, 14, a separation rod, 15, a separation plate, 16, a lifting plate, 17, a first code scanner, 18, a glass plate, 19, a lantern ring, 20, a side rod, 21, a bottom plate, 22, a support rod, 23, a second code scanner, 24, a second motor, 25, a second driving shaft, 26, a sleeve, 27, a positioning rod, 28, a distance sensor, 29, a third motor, 30, a roller, 31, a support, 32, a fourth motor, 33, a first connecting rod, 34, a second connecting rod, 35, a third connecting rod, 36, a fourth connecting rod, 37, a push block, 38, a telescopic frame, 39, a sliding ring, 40, a sliding rail, 41, 42, a third code scanner, 43. air pump, 44 cylinder, 45 piston, 46 swash plate, 47 fulcrum bar.

Detailed Description

The present invention will now be described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings. These drawings are simplified schematic views illustrating only the basic structure of the present invention in a schematic manner, and thus show only the constitution related to the present invention.

As shown in fig. 1, an intelligent preprocessing device for an automatic sorting system comprises a base 1, a platform 2, a separating mechanism, a controller 3, a code scanning mechanism, a conveyor belt 4, a pushing mechanism and four pillars 5, wherein four corners of the platform 2 are respectively fixed above the base 1 through the four pillars 5, the controller 3 and the separating mechanism are arranged above the platform 2, the code scanning mechanism and the conveyor belt 4 are arranged above the base 1, the pushing mechanism is positioned on one of the pillars 5, and a PLC is arranged in the controller 3;

when this preprocessing device is handling batched commodity, the separating mechanism through platform 2 top realizes the separation one by one of batched commodity, then utilizes to sweep the QR sign indicating number on the sign indicating number mechanism discernment commodity, after acquireing commodity information, pushes away the commodity that identification information was accomplished to conveyer belt 4 through push mechanism, carries one by one commodity to the letter sorting system by conveyer belt 4, is convenient for sort one by one.

As shown in fig. 2-3, the separating mechanism includes a separating box 6, a conveying pipe 7, a separating assembly and a pushing assembly, the separating box 6 is fixed above the platform 2, the bottom end of the conveying pipe 7 is communicated with the separating box 6, the pushing assembly is located on one side of the separating box 6 away from the controller 3, the separating assembly is located on one side of the separating box 6, a partition plate 8 is arranged in the separating box 6, the separating assembly includes a first motor 9, a buffer block 10, a first driving shaft 11, a moving block 12, a support rod 13, a separating rod 14 and a separating plate 15, the first motor 9 and the buffer block 10 are both fixed on the base 1, the first motor 9 is electrically connected with the PLC, the first driving shaft 11 is located between the first motor 9 and the buffer block 10, the first motor 9 is in transmission connection with the first driving shaft 11, the moving block 12 is sleeved on the first driving shaft 11, a first thread matched with the first driving shaft 11 is arranged at the joint of the moving block 12 and the first driving shaft 11, the moving block 12 is hinged with one end of a separating rod 14 through a support rod 13, the other end of the separating rod 14 is fixedly connected with a separating plate 15, the separating plate 15 is arranged in the separating box 6, and the separating box 6 is sleeved on the separating rod 14;

in the separating mechanism, separator box 6 is owing to place the commodity of piling, in the bottom of separator box 6, through pushing mechanism with commodity propelling movement to one side that is close to conveyer pipe 7 of baffle 8, then PLC control separator assembly operation, first motor 9 starts, it is rotatory to drive first drive shaft 11, make first drive shaft 11 act on movable block 12 through first screw thread, movable block 12 removes along the axis of first drive shaft 11, it rotates to drive branch 13, make branch 13 promote release lever 14, release lever 14 promotes division board 15, with commodity propelling movement to conveyer pipe 7's top, commodity drop in sweeping yard mechanism from conveyer pipe 7, sweep the sign indicating number, the information identification of being convenient for.

As shown in fig. 4, the code scanning mechanism comprises a lifting component, a lifting plate 16, a first code scanner 17, a glass plate 18, a code scanning component and two vertical rods, the lifting component is in transmission connection with the lifting plate 16, the first code scanner 17 is fixed above the lifting plate 16, the two vertical rods are respectively positioned above the two ends of the lifting plate 16, the glass plate 18 is erected on two vertical rods, the code scanning assembly comprises a lantern ring 19, a side rod 20, a bottom plate 21, a support rod 22, a second code scanner 23 and a moving unit, the lifting assembly is positioned at the inner side of a sleeve ring 19, the sleeve ring 19 is fixedly connected with a support rod 22 through a side rod 20, the second code scanner 23 is fixed on the top end of the support bar 22, the bottom plate 21 is fixed on the bottom end of the support bar 22, the moving unit is located under the base plate 21, and the first and second scanners 17 and 23 are electrically connected to the PLC.

Commodity drops on glass board 18, at first the sign indicating number is swept to the below of commodity by PLC control first bar code scanner 17, if for scanning effectual QR sign indicating number, at this moment, the operation of sign indicating number subassembly is swept in PLC control, it removes to drive bottom plate 21 by the removal subassembly, make second bar code scanner 23 rotate round glass board 18, the sign indicating number is swept to the periphery of the commodity of glass board 18 top, behind the rotatory a week of second bar code scanner 23, drive lifter plate 16 through lifter plate 16 and remove, make the glass board 18 that lifter plate 16 drove the top rise, utilize push mechanism to push away conveyer belt 4 with commodity, if second bar code scanner 23 did not scan effectual QR sign indicating number before, then sweep the sign indicating number by push mechanism to the top of commodity, thereby make the system can be in proper order to the bottom of commodity, sweep the sign indicating number with the top all around, guarantee device can discern effectual QR sign indicating number.

As shown in fig. 4, the lifting assembly includes a second motor 24, a second driving shaft 25 and a sleeve 26, the second motor 24 is fixed above the base 1, the second motor 24 is electrically connected with the PLC, the second motor 24 is in transmission connection with the bottom end of the second driving shaft 25, the top end of the second driving shaft 25 is arranged in the sleeve 26, the sleeve 26 is fixed below the lifting plate 16, and a second thread matched with the second driving shaft 25 is arranged at the connection position of the sleeve 26 and the second driving shaft 25.

The PLC controls the second motor 24 to start, so as to drive the second driving shaft 25 to rotate, so that the second driving shaft 25 acts on the sleeve 26 through the second thread, and the sleeve 26 drives the lifting plate 16 to lift along the axis of the second driving shaft 25.

Preferably, in order to ensure the sleeve 26 to stably ascend and descend, the ascending and descending assembly further includes two positioning rods 27, the two positioning rods 27 are respectively located at two sides of the second driving shaft 25, the bottom ends of the positioning rods 27 are fixed on the second motor 24, and the top ends of the positioning rods 27 are disposed in the sleeve 26. The positioning rod 27 fixes the moving direction of the sleeve 26, so that the sleeve 26 is prevented from being driven to rotate when the second driving shaft 25 rotates, and the sleeve 26 is further stably lifted.

Preferably, in order to facilitate detection of the height position of the lifting plate 16, a distance sensor 28 is provided below the lifting plate 16, and the distance sensor 28 is electrically connected to the PLC. Utilize distance sensor 28 to detect the distance of lifter plate 16 and base 1 to give PLC with distance data feedback, PLC controls the lifting unit according to distance data operation, guarantees that push mechanism can act on the commodity above glass board 18.

Preferably, in order to realize the movement of the bottom plate 21, the moving unit comprises a third motor 29 and two rollers 30, the third motor 29 is fixed below the bottom plate 21, the third motor 29 is electrically connected with the PLC, the two rollers 30 are respectively positioned at two sides of the third motor 29, and the third motor 29 is in transmission connection with the rollers 30. The PLC controls the third motor 29 to start, so as to drive the roller 30 to rotate, so that the bottom plate 21 moves, and the bottom plate 21 rotates around the sleeve 26 because the support rod 22 is fixedly connected with the sleeve ring 19 through the side rod 20.

As shown in fig. 2, the pushing assembly includes a support 31, a fourth motor 32, a first connecting rod 33, a second connecting rod 34, a third connecting rod 35, a fourth connecting rod 36 and a pushing block 37, the fourth motor 32 is fixedly connected to the separation box 6 through the support 31, the fourth motor 32 is electrically connected to the PLC, the fourth motor 32 is in transmission connection with the first connecting rod 33, the first connecting rod 33 is hinged to one end of the third connecting rod 35 through the second connecting rod 34, the other end of the third connecting rod 35 is fixedly connected to the fourth connecting rod 36, the pushing block 37 is located at the bottom inside the separation box 6, the pushing block 37 is fixed at the bottom end of the fourth connecting rod 36, and the separation box 6 is sleeved on the third connecting rod 35.

The bracket 31 is used for fixedly connecting the fourth motor 32 with the separation box 6, the PLC controls the fourth motor 32 to start, drives the first connecting rod 33 to rotate, enables the third connecting rod 35 to reciprocate along the horizontal direction through the second connecting rod 34, and further drives the pushing block 37 to reciprocate through the fourth connecting rod 36, so that the pushing plate pushes commodities at the bottom of the separation box 6 to enter one side, close to the conveying pipe 7, of the partition plate 8.

Preferably, in order to prevent the pushing block 37 and the partition plate 8 from pressing the commodity, a notch is arranged above one end of the pushing block 37 close to the partition plate 8. Through the gap, when the push block 37 approaches the partition plate 8, the commodity can be moved to the upper side of the push block 37, and the push block 37 and the partition plate 8 are prevented from extruding the commodity to cause damage to the commodity.

As shown in fig. 5, the pushing mechanism includes a driving unit, an expansion bracket 38, a sliding ring 39, a sliding rail 40, a moving plate 41 and a third bar code scanner 42, the driving unit is connected to one end of the expansion bracket 38, two sides of the other end of the expansion bracket 38 are respectively hinged to the sliding ring 39 and the moving plate 41, the sliding rail 40 is U-shaped, two ends of the sliding rail 40 are fixed to the moving plate 41, the sliding ring 39 is sleeved on the sliding rail 40, and the third bar code scanner 42 is fixed to the top end of the moving plate 41 on the side away from the expansion bracket 38.

The PLC control drive unit moves, so that the telescopic frame 38 stretches, the length of the telescopic frame 38 is changed, the movable plate 41 is driven to move, after the movable plate 41 is close to the glass plate 18, if the second code scanner 23 fails to scan the QR code, the PLC controls the third code scanner 42 to move, the top of the commodity is scanned, then the movable plate 41 drives the commodity to move, the commodity is pushed onto the conveyor belt 4, and the conveying to the sorting system is facilitated.

Preferably, in order to drive the telescopic frame 38 to extend and retract, the driving unit comprises an air pump 43, an air cylinder 44 and a piston 45, the air cylinder 44 is fixed on the pillar 5, the air pump 43 is fixed on the air cylinder 44, the air pump 43 is electrically connected with the PLC, the air pump 43 is communicated with the air cylinder 44, the bottom end of the piston 45 is arranged in the air cylinder 44, and the top end of the piston 45 and the air cylinder 44 are respectively hinged with two sides of one end of the telescopic frame 38, which is far away from the moving plate 41. The PLC controls the air pump 43 to operate, changes the air pressure in the air cylinder 44, when the air pressure is increased, the piston 45 moves upwards, the distance between the piston 45 and the air cylinder 44 is increased, and therefore the length of the telescopic frame 38 is reduced, and conversely, when the air pressure is reduced, the piston 45 moves downwards, the distance between the piston 45 and the air cylinder 44 is reduced, and therefore the length of the telescopic frame 38 is increased.

Preferably, in order to prevent the goods from falling off when the pushing mechanism operates, a sloping plate 46 and a support plate 47 are arranged between the code scanning mechanism and the conveyor belt 4, and the sloping plate 46 is fixed above the base 1 through the support plate 47. The inclined plate 46 is fixedly supported by the support plate 47, and the inclined plate 46 is used for erecting a bridge between the conveyor belt 4 and the glass plate 18, so that the commodities are pushed by the moving plate 41 and then slide downwards along the inclined plate 46 to the upper side of the conveyor belt 4, and the commodities are prevented from falling.

When the preprocessing device operates, commodity propelling movement to the one side of baffle 8 that is close to conveyer pipe 7 in with separator box 6 through the promotion subassembly, then utilize separator box to drive commodity and pass through conveyer pipe 7 one by one, drop on the glass board 18 of sweeping yard mechanism, carry out QR sign indicating number scanning around with the bottom of commodity respectively by first bar code scanner 17 and second bar code scanner 23, it drives glass board 18 and rises to recycle elevating system, if first bar code scanner 17 and second bar code scanner 23 fail to scan the QR sign indicating number, then propelling movement mechanism drives commodity through movable plate 41 and removes before, utilize third bar code scanner 42 to sweep the top of commodity sign indicating number, it can be before carrying conveyer belt 4 to guarantee the device, the QR sign indicating number information on the accurate discernment commodity, the letter sorting system of being convenient for carries out the letter sorting operation.

Compared with the prior art, this an intelligent preprocessing device for automatic sorting system has realized carrying the pile of commodity in the separator box 6 one by one to sweeping on the glass board 18 of sign indicating number mechanism through separating mechanism, the sign indicating number is swept in the execution of being convenient for, compare with current separating mechanism, this separating mechanism is when driving commodity and removing, can prevent that commodity from receiving the extrusion damage, moreover, sweep the sign indicating number through sweeping each face of sign indicating number mechanism and push mechanism realization to commodity, the assurance device can discern the QR sign indicating number, the letter sorting system of being convenient for carries out the letter sorting operation, compare with current sign indicating number mechanism of sweeping, this sweep a sign indicating number mechanism structure nimble, can cooperate push mechanism to realize the comprehensive scanning to commodity, and then the practicality of device has been improved.

In light of the foregoing description of the preferred embodiment of the present invention, many modifications and variations will be apparent to those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention. The technical scope of the present invention is not limited to the content of the specification, and must be determined according to the scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. The intelligent pretreatment device for the automatic sorting system is characterized by comprising a base (1), a platform (2), a separating mechanism, a controller (3), a code scanning mechanism, a conveyor belt (4), a pushing mechanism and four supporting columns (5), wherein four corners of the platform (2) are fixed above the base (1) through the four supporting columns (5), the controller (3) and the separating mechanism are arranged above the platform (2), the code scanning mechanism and the conveyor belt (4) are arranged above the base (1), the pushing mechanism is positioned on one of the supporting columns (5), and a PLC is arranged in the controller (3);
the separation mechanism comprises a separation box (6), a conveying pipe (7), a separation assembly and a pushing assembly, the separation box (6) is fixed above the platform (2), the bottom end of the conveying pipe (7) is communicated with the separation box (6), the pushing assembly is located on one side, far away from the controller (3), of the separation box (6), the separation assembly is located on one side of the separation box (6), a partition plate (8) is arranged in the separation box (6), the separation assembly comprises a first motor (9), a buffer block (10), a first driving shaft (11), a moving block (12), a support rod (13), a separation rod (14) and a separation plate (15), the first motor (9) and the buffer block (10) are both fixed on the base (1), the first motor (9) is electrically connected with the PLC, the first driving shaft (11) is located between the first motor (9) and the buffer block (10), the first motor (9) is in transmission connection with a first driving shaft (11), the moving block (12) is sleeved on the first driving shaft (11), a first thread matched with the first driving shaft (11) is arranged at the connection part of the moving block (12) and the first driving shaft (11), the moving block (12) is hinged to one end of a separating rod (14) through a support rod (13), the other end of the separating rod (14) is fixedly connected with a separating plate (15), the separating plate (15) is arranged in a separating box (6), and the separating box (6) is sleeved on the separating rod (14);
sweep yard mechanism and include lifting unit, lifter plate (16), first sign indicating number ware (17), glass board (18), sweep yard subassembly and two montants, lifting unit is connected with lifter plate (16) transmission, first sign indicating number ware (17) are fixed in the top of lifter plate (16), and two montants are located the top at the both ends of lifter plate (16) respectively, glass board (18) erect on two montants, sweep yard subassembly and include lantern ring (19), side lever (20), bottom plate (21), bracing piece (22), second sign indicating number ware (23) and mobile unit, lifting unit is located the inboard of the lantern ring (19), the lantern ring (19) is through side lever (20) and bracing piece (22) fixed connection, second sign indicating number ware (23) are fixed on the top of bracing piece (22), bottom plate (21) are fixed in bracing piece (22) bottom, the mobile unit is positioned below the bottom plate (21), and the first scanner (17) and the second scanner (23) are electrically connected with the PLC.
2. The intelligent pre-processing device for the automatic sorting system according to claim 1, wherein the lifting assembly comprises a second motor (24), a second driving shaft (25) and a sleeve (26), the second motor (24) is fixed above the base (1), the second motor (24) is electrically connected with the PLC, the second motor (24) is in transmission connection with the bottom end of the second driving shaft (25), the top end of the second driving shaft (25) is arranged in the sleeve (26), the sleeve (26) is fixed below the lifting plate (16), and the connection part of the sleeve (26) and the second driving shaft (25) is provided with a second thread matched with the second driving shaft (25).
3. The intelligent pre-processing device for an automatic sorting system according to claim 2, wherein the lifting assembly further comprises two positioning rods (27), the two positioning rods (27) are respectively located at two sides of the second driving shaft (25), the bottom ends of the positioning rods (27) are fixed on the second motor (24), and the top ends of the positioning rods (27) are arranged in the sleeve (26).
4. The intelligent pre-processing apparatus for an automated sorting system according to claim 1, wherein a distance sensor (28) is provided below the lifting plate (16), the distance sensor (28) being electrically connected to the PLC.
5. The intelligent pre-processing device for the automatic sorting system according to claim 1, wherein the moving unit comprises a third motor (29) and two rollers (30), the third motor (29) is fixed under the bottom plate (21), the third motor (29) is electrically connected with the PLC, the two rollers (30) are respectively positioned at two sides of the third motor (29), and the third motor (29) is in transmission connection with the rollers (30).
6. The intelligent pre-processing device for the automatic sorting system according to claim 1, wherein the pushing assembly comprises a bracket (31), a fourth motor (32), a first connecting rod (33), a second connecting rod (34), a third connecting rod (35), a fourth connecting rod (36) and a pushing block (37), the fourth motor (32) is fixedly connected with the separating box (6) through the bracket (31), the fourth motor (32) is electrically connected with the PLC, the fourth motor (32) is in transmission connection with the first connecting rod (33), the first connecting rod (33) is hinged with one end of the third connecting rod (35) through the second connecting rod (34), the other end of the third connecting rod (35) is fixedly connected with the fourth connecting rod (36), the pushing block (37) is positioned at the bottom inside the separating box (6), and the pushing block (37) is fixed at the bottom end of the fourth connecting rod (36), the separating box (6) is sleeved on the third connecting rod (35).
7. The intelligent pre-processing device for automatic sorting system according to claim 6, characterized in that the pushing block (37) is provided with a notch above the end near the partition (8).
8. The intelligent pretreatment device for the automatic sorting system according to claim 1, wherein the pushing mechanism comprises a driving unit, an expansion bracket (38), a sliding ring (39), a sliding rail (40), a moving plate (41) and a third code scanner (42), the driving unit is connected with one end of the expansion bracket (38), two sides of the other end of the expansion bracket (38) are respectively hinged with the sliding ring (39) and the moving plate (41), the sliding rail (40) is U-shaped, two ends of the sliding rail (40) are fixed on the moving plate (41), the sliding ring (39) is sleeved on the sliding rail (40), and the third code scanner (42) is fixed on the top end of the moving plate at the side of the expansion bracket (38) away from the sliding rail (41).
9. The intelligent pre-processing device for the automatic sorting system according to claim 8, wherein the driving unit comprises an air pump (43), an air cylinder (44) and a piston (45), the air cylinder (44) is fixed on the pillar (5), the air pump (43) is fixed on the air cylinder (44), the air pump (43) is electrically connected with the PLC, the air pump (43) is communicated with the air cylinder (44), the bottom end of the piston (45) is arranged in the air cylinder (44), and the top end of the piston (45) and the air cylinder (44) are respectively hinged with two sides of one end of the telescopic frame (38) far away from the moving plate (41).
10. The intelligent pre-processing device for the automatic sorting system according to claim 1, wherein an inclined plate (46) and a support plate (47) are arranged between the code scanning mechanism and the conveyor belt (4), and the inclined plate (46) is fixed above the base (1) through the support plate (47).
CN201810407984.3A 2018-05-02 2018-05-02 Intelligent preprocessing device for automatic sorting system CN108816780B (en)

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CN206528987U (en) * 2017-02-13 2017-09-29 绍兴宏邦电子科技有限公司 A kind of miaow head feeding device
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