CN108816066A - A kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer - Google Patents

A kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108816066A
CN108816066A CN201810667138.5A CN201810667138A CN108816066A CN 108816066 A CN108816066 A CN 108816066A CN 201810667138 A CN201810667138 A CN 201810667138A CN 108816066 A CN108816066 A CN 108816066A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fertilizer
case
inclined plate
complex
liquid manure
Prior art date
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Granted
Application number
CN201810667138.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108816066B (en
Inventor
陈素英
张西群
张喜英
邵立威
郝秀钗
李建波
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Hebei Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Co ltd
Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS
Original Assignee
Hebei Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Co ltd
Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS
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Application filed by Hebei Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Co ltd, Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology of CAS filed Critical Hebei Agricultural Mechanization Research Institute Co ltd
Priority to CN201810667138.5A priority Critical patent/CN108816066B/en
Publication of CN108816066A publication Critical patent/CN108816066A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108816066B publication Critical patent/CN108816066B/en
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F25/00Flow mixers; Mixers for falling materials, e.g. solid particles
    • B01F25/14Mixing drops, droplets or bodies of liquid which flow together or contact each other
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F23/00Mixing according to the phases to be mixed, e.g. dispersing or emulsifying
    • B01F23/80After-treatment of the mixture
    • B01F23/808Filtering the mixture
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F25/00Flow mixers; Mixers for falling materials, e.g. solid particles
    • B01F2025/93Arrangements, nature or configuration of flow guiding elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01FMIXING, e.g. DISSOLVING, EMULSIFYING OR DISPERSING
    • B01F2101/00Mixing characterised by the nature of the mixed materials or by the application field
    • B01F2101/32Mixing fertiliser ingredients
    • B01F2101/33Mixing compost ingredients or organic waste
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

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  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical Kinetics & Catalysis (AREA)
  • Fertilizing (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixers, belong to Liquid Fertilizer production equipment technology, and Fertilizer mixer includes solid fertilizer conveying mechanism, complex fertilizer case and the complex fertilizer mechanism being arranged in complex fertilizer case, and the outlet of solid fertilizer conveying mechanism is connected to complex fertilizer case, it is important to:The complex fertilizer mechanism includes the one group of liquid manure mixing inclined plate vertically arranged in complex fertilizer case, the feed end of liquid manure mixing inclined plate is fixedly connected with complex fertilizer case, discharge end tilts down, the discharge end of each liquid manure mixing inclined plate extends to above the feed end for the liquid manure mixing inclined plate being disposed below, Fertilizer mixer further includes the water-supply-pipe being connected to water source, and the outlet of solid fertilizer conveying mechanism and water-supply-pipe is all located above the feed end of the top liquid manure mixing inclined plate.Complex fertilizer effect is good, and vibration amplitude when work is small, noise is small, low energy consumption.

Description

A kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer
Technical field
The invention belongs to Liquid Fertilizer production equipment technologies, are related to a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer.
Background technique
China is large agricultural country, and agricultural water accounts for 60% or more of national water consumption, and the shortage of water resources in China, this is serious Constrain the sustainable development of China's agricultural.Water-saving irrigation and the efficient management of liquid manure may be implemented in water-fertilizer integral, improves water Fertile utilization efficiency reduces the waste of water resource.Water-fertilizer integral operation, which generally requires, first uses solid fertilizer conveying mechanism by solid fertilizer Be transported in complex fertilizer case, solid fertilizer mixes in complex fertilizer case with water become Liquid Fertilizer after, then be transported in ground.In order to enable solid Body fertilizer is sufficiently mixed with water, and rabbling mechanism can be generally provided in complex fertilizer case, when rabbling mechanism is stirred vibration amplitude compared with Greatly, noise is larger, energy consumption is higher.
Summary of the invention
The present invention in order to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art, devises a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer, and complex fertilizer effect is good, and Vibration amplitude when work is small, noise is small, low energy consumption.
Specific technical solution adopted by the present invention is:A kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer, including it is solid fertilizer conveying mechanism, mixed Fertilizer box and the complex fertilizer mechanism being arranged in complex fertilizer case, the outlet of solid fertilizer conveying mechanism are connected to complex fertilizer case, it is important to:Described Complex fertilizer mechanism includes the one group of liquid manure mixing inclined plate vertically arranged in complex fertilizer case, the feed end and complex fertilizer of liquid manure mixing inclined plate Case is fixedly connected, discharge end tilts down, and it is mixed that the discharge end of each liquid manure mixing inclined plate extends to the liquid manure being disposed below Above the feed end for closing inclined plate, Fertilizer mixer further includes the water-supply-pipe being connected to water source, solid fertilizer conveying mechanism and water-supply-pipe Outlet is all located above the feed end of the top liquid manure mixing inclined plate.
Angle in complex fertilizer case between all liquid manure mixing inclined plate and horizontal plane is gradually reduced from top to bottom.
The quantity of liquid manure mixing inclined plate is three and respectively inclined board, middle swash plate and declined board, declined board in complex fertilizer case Angle α between horizontal plane is 4.5 ° -5.5 °, and the angle β between middle swash plate and horizontal plane is 7 ° -8 °, inclined board and level Angle γ between face is 8.5 ° -9.5 °.
The Fertilizer mixer further includes circulating pump, and the import of circulating pump is connected to complex fertilizer case, the outlet connection of circulating pump There is circulation pipe, the outlet end of circulation pipe extends to above the feed end of the liquid manure mixing inclined plate of the top.
The Fertilizer mixer further includes fertilizer preserving case and the filter mechanism that is arranged between fertilizer preserving case and complex fertilizer case, mistake The import of filter structure and the outlet of complex fertilizer case, the outlet of filter mechanism and the inlet communication of fertilizer preserving case.
The filter mechanism is the filtering ponds being arranged between complex fertilizer case and fertilizer preserving case, and the bottom plate of filtering ponds includes inclined plate And precipitation tank, precipitation tank are located at the lowest part of inclined plate, and filtering mouth is offered on inclined plate, filter and are provided with filter screen at mouth, filter Net is located above the import of fertilizer preserving case, and Fertilizer mixer further includes backwash mechanism, and backwash mechanism includes that level is erected at storage fertilizer Shaft between case and complex fertilizer case, the walking seat being arranged on fertilizer preserving case are fixed on walking seat and for washing filter screen Backwash tube, further include be connected with the rotating shaft driving mechanism, import be connected to fertilizer preserving case and export be connected to backwash tube it is defeated Pump is sent, walking seat, which forms transmission cooperation with shaft, makes the backwash tube being located at below inclined plate have moving along inclined plate length direction Freedom degree.
Gear is fixed in the shaft, walking seat upper surface is fixed with rack gear, and wheel and rack engagement makes seat of walking Transmission cooperation is formed with shaft.
It is fixed between fertilizer preserving case and inclined plate and extends to precipitation tank with inclined plate slide plate disposed in parallel, the lowest part of slide plate Lower section, walking seat are arranged on slide plate and are slidably matched with slide plate formation.
Isocon, the length direction and water of isocon are provided with above the highest point of the liquid manure mixing inclined plate of the top The width direction of fertilizer mixing inclined plate is identical, and the both ends of isocon are closed end, middle part is connected to water-supply-pipe, along length on isocon Direction is provided with one group of apopore.
The angle adjusting mechanism for adjusting backwash tube angle, angle adjusting mechanism packet are provided on the walking seat It includes and the attachment base of the side locating rod being fixedly connected of walking seat, the door shape being fixedly connected with backwash tube lower end surface, connection Via hole is all offered on two side plates of seat open end, attachment base is set on the securing lever, and attachment base is by pass through the tight of via hole The cooperation of fixing bolt and the nut being sleeved in fastening bolt is fixedly connected with locating rod.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The liquid manure that solid fertilizer is transported to the top is mixed using solid fertilizer conveying mechanism On inclined plate, the water in water source is also fallen on the liquid manure mixing inclined plate of the top by water-supply-pipe, and solid fertilizer and water are mixed along liquid manure It closes inclined plate to merge when sliding landing, the time of contact of solid fertilizer and water can be extended using liquid manure mixing inclined plate, by all Liquid manure mixing inclined plate after, solid fertilizer is sufficiently merged with water, compared with being stirred using rabbling mechanism, using in the present invention This complex fertilizer mechanism, complex fertilizer effect is good, and vibration amplitude when work is small, noise is small, low energy consumption.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is main view of the invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of angle adjusting mechanism in Fig. 2.
In attached drawing, 1 represents solid fertilizer conveying mechanism, and 2 represent complex fertilizer case, and 3 represent liquid manure mixing inclined plate, and 4 represent water-supply-pipe, 5 represent circulating pump, and 6 represent fertilizer preserving case, and 7 represent filtering ponds, and 8 represent inclined plate, and 9 represent precipitation tank, and 10 represent shaft, and 11 represent row Seat is walked, 12 represent backwash tube, and 13 represent slide plate, and 14 represent isocon, and 15 represent locating rod, and 16 represent attachment base.
Specific embodiment
It elaborates in the following with reference to the drawings and specific embodiments to the present invention:
Specific embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Figure 3, a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer, including solid fertilizer conveying mechanism 1, Complex fertilizer case 2 and the complex fertilizer mechanism being arranged in complex fertilizer case 2, the outlet of solid fertilizer conveying mechanism 1 are connected to complex fertilizer case 2, complex fertilizer machine Structure includes the one group of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 vertically arranged in complex fertilizer case 2, the feed end and complex fertilizer case 2 of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 Be fixedly connected, discharge end tilts down, the discharge end of each liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 extend to be disposed below liquid manure mixing Above the feed end of inclined plate 3, Fertilizer mixer further includes the water-supply-pipe 4 being connected to water source, solid fertilizer conveying mechanism 1 and water-supply-pipe 4 Outlet be all located above the feed end of the top liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3.
Solid fertilizer conveying mechanism 1 includes the fertile machine of suction and inhales the fertilzer sucking pipe of fertile machine inlet communication and inhale fertilizer machine outlet Fertilizer producing tube is fixed with socket at the top of complex fertilizer case 2, inhales the sliding block that a shape is fixed on fertile machine, sliding block be inserted on socket and with insert Seat is formed and is slidably matched, and making to inhale fertile machine has one-movement-freedom-degree along 3 width direction of liquid manure mixing inclined plate, in this way can be according to need It adjusts solid fertilizer and falls position on liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3.
As a further refinement of the present invention, the folder between liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 and horizontal plane all in complex fertilizer case 2 Angle is gradually reduced from top to bottom.Angle between liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 and horizontal plane is smaller, solid fertilizer and water flowing it is slower, Then the time of contact of solid fertilizer and water is longer, so the folder between liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 and horizontal plane is gradually reduced from top to bottom Angle can extend the complex fertilizer time in this way, improve complex fertilizer effect.
The quantity of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 is three and respectively inclined board, middle swash plate and declined board in complex fertilizer case 2, oblique Angle α between plate and horizontal plane is 4.5 ° -5.5 ° and preferably 5 °, the angle β between middle swash plate and horizontal plane be 7 ° -8 ° and Preferably 7.5 °, the angle γ between inclined board and horizontal plane is 8.5 ° -9.5 ° and preferably 9 °.The number of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 The angle measured between more, liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 and horizontal plane is smaller, then slower, solid fertilizer and the water of solid fertilizer and water flowing Time of contact it is longer, syncretizing effect is better, but complex fertilizer efficiency can be very low, on the contrary, the quantity of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 less, Angle between liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 and horizontal plane is bigger, then solid fertilizer and water flowing is faster, and complex fertilizer efficiency is higher, still Syncretizing effect can be very poor, so the cooperation of the quantity and its tilt angle of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 is most important, the present invention is by anti- It determines again and selects three liquid manure mixing inclined plates 3 that can meet complex fertilizer demand by the cooperation of their tilt angle, have There is preferable syncretizing effect, and can guarantee there is higher complex fertilizer efficiency.
As a further refinement of the present invention, Fertilizer mixer further includes circulating pump 5, the import of circulating pump 5 and complex fertilizer case 2 Connection, the outlet of circulating pump 5 are connected with circulation pipe, the outlet end of circulation pipe extend to the liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 of the top into Expect above end.During complex fertilizer, Liquid Fertilizer is sent back on liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 using circulating pump 5, makes the liquid in complex fertilizer case 2 Body fertilizer is in the state of circulating always, and syncretizing effect is more preferable.Circulating pump 5 is located inside complex fertilizer case 2, can reduce Fertilizer mixer Required the space occupied, it is whole more neat and orderly.
As a further refinement of the present invention, Fertilizer mixer further includes fertilizer preserving case 6 and setting in fertilizer preserving case 6 and mixes Filter mechanism between fertilizer box 2, the import of filter mechanism and the outlet of complex fertilizer case 2, the outlet of filter mechanism and fertilizer preserving case 6 Inlet communication.The Liquid Fertilizer obtained after liquid manure fusion is filtered using filter mechanism, it is possible to reduce miscellaneous in Liquid Fertilizer Matter improves the quality of Liquid Fertilizer.The form of filter mechanism is varied, can be the filter screen in the setting of 2 exit of complex fertilizer case, It is also possible to the individual filtering ponds being arranged below complex fertilizer case 2.
Filter mechanism in the present invention is the filtering ponds 7 being arranged between complex fertilizer case 2 and fertilizer preserving case 6, the bottom plate of filtering ponds 7 Including inclined plate 8 and precipitation tank 9, precipitation tank 9 is located at the lowest part of inclined plate 8, and filtering mouth is offered on inclined plate 8, filters and is arranged at mouth There is filter screen, filter screen is located above the import of fertilizer preserving case 6, and Fertilizer mixer further includes backwash mechanism, and backwash mechanism includes Level is erected at shaft 10 between fertilizer preserving case 6 and complex fertilizer case 2, is arranged on fertilizer preserving case 6 walking seat 11 is fixed on walking seat Backwash tube 12 on 11 and for washing filter screen further includes that the driving mechanism connecting with shaft 10, import and fertilizer preserving case 6 connect The delivery pump that logical and outlet is connected to backwash tube 12, walking seat 11 and shaft 10, which form transmission cooperation, to be made to be located at 8 lower section of inclined plate Backwash tube 12 have along 8 length direction of inclined plate one-movement-freedom-degree.
Liquid Fertilizer is conveyed into backwash tube 12 using delivery pump, in the high pressure impulse force for the Liquid Fertilizer that backwash tube 12 sprays Under effect, the dirt on filter screen is separated with filter screen, and is slipped in precipitation tank 9 along inclined plate 8, can be to avoid on filter screen The dirt of adherency is too many and influences the flow velocity and complex fertilizer efficiency of Liquid Fertilizer.Backwash tube 12 can be periodically turned on to carry out filter screen It rinses, backwash tube 12 can also be made in running order always during complex fertilizer.Just there is filtering in fertilizer preserving case 6 when backwash The Liquid Fertilizer obtained afterwards, and do not have to the Liquid Fertilizer in complex fertilizer case 2, it can be dropped into this way to avoid no Liquid Fertilizer by filtering Impurity is introduced to the Liquid Fertilizer being obtained by filtration in fertilizer preserving case 6 after in fertilizer preserving case 6.It is removable between filtering ponds 7 and complex fertilizer case 2 Formula connection is unloaded, such as is bolted or is grafting, can periodically be disassembled filtering ponds 7, by the dirt in precipitation tank 9 It cleans out.
Gear is fixed in shaft 10, walking 11 upper surface of seat is fixed with rack gear, and wheel and rack engagement makes seat 11 of walking Transmission cooperation, rack pinion, large carrying capacity, high transmission accuracy, so that backwash tube 12 keeps even are formed with shaft 10 Speed is advanced.
As a further refinement of the present invention, being fixed between fertilizer preserving case 6 and inclined plate 8 disposed in parallel with inclined plate 8 Slide plate 13, the lowest part of slide plate 13 extend to 9 lower section of precipitation tank, and walking seat 11, which is arranged on slide plate 13 and is formed with slide plate 13, to be slided Dynamic cooperation.The slide plate 13 being obliquely installed, it can be ensured that backwash tube 12 in the process of walking with filter screen the distance between everywhere It remains unchanged, it is more preferable to the flushing effect of filter screen, and fertilizer preserving case 6 can be produced in walking process repeatedly to avoid walking seat 11 Raw abrasion.
It is provided with as a further refinement of the present invention, being located above the highest point of the liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 of the top The length direction of isocon 14, isocon 14 is identical as the width direction of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3, and the both ends of isocon 14 are closing End, middle part are connected to water-supply-pipe 4, are provided with one group of apopore on isocon 14 along its length.Water in water-supply-pipe 4 enters It after in isocon 14, is discharged by apopore, so that the water of outflow is distributed more uniform, liquid manure on liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 Syncretizing effect is more preferable.Similarly, the upper end for the circulation pipe connecting with circulating pump 5 is connected with equalizer flow tube, and equalizer flow tube is located at isocon 14 The length direction of lower section, equalizer flow tube is identical as the length direction of isocon 14, and the both ends of equalizer flow tube are also closed end, middle part and follow Ring pumps 5 outlet, is provided with one group of equal discharge orifice along its length on homogenizing plate, the Liquid Fertilizer in circulating pump 5 enters It after in flow tube, is discharged by equal discharge orifice, so that the Liquid Fertilizer of outflow is distributed more uniform, liquid manure on liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 Syncretizing effect is more preferable.
As a further refinement of the present invention, being provided with the angle for adjusting 12 angle of backwash tube on walking seat 11 Regulating mechanism, angle adjusting mechanism include the locating rod 15 being fixedly connected with the side of walking seat 11 and 12 lower end of backwash tube The attachment base 16 for the door shape that face is fixedly connected, all offers via hole on two side plates of 16 open end of attachment base, and 16 sets of attachment base In locating rod 15, attachment base 16 by pass through via hole fastening bolt and the nut being sleeved in fastening bolt cooperation with Locating rod 15 is fixedly connected.When need to adjust the angle of backwash tube 12, to changing between backwash tube 12 and filter screen Spacing, when reaching better backwash effect, nut of dismantling unclamps and rotates attachment base 16, passes through the opening for changing attachment base 6 Direction is the angle between the axis and horizontal plane of changeable backwash tube 12, after regulating, then by nut and fastening bolt spiral shell Line connection clamps attachment base 16 and locating rod 15, and structure is simple, easy to operate.
The present invention is in the specific implementation:As shown in Fig. 2, complex fertilizer case 2 and fertilizer preserving case 6 are all fixed on frame-type frame and fertilizer preserving case 6 are located at 2 lower section of complex fertilizer case, and the length sides of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 are arranged in left-right direction, width edge is arranged along the longitudinal direction, water The length sides and the inner wall of complex fertilizer case 2 of fertilizer mixing inclined plate 3 are in close contact to form sealing structure, so that solid fertilizer and water can only be along The inclined-plane of liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 slides downwards.The front and rear sides of 2 bottom of complex fertilizer case are all fixed with positioning plate, and shaft 10 is erected at It is rotatably assorted between two positioning plates and with two positioning plate formation, slide plate 13 is fixedly connected with frame, the lower end of slide plate 13 It takes and is placed on fertilizer preserving case 6.It is located at the right end of complex fertilizer case 2 positioned at the feed end of the liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 of the top, complex fertilizer case 2 pushes up The right end in portion is fixed with the socket being arranged along the longitudinal direction, and the sliding block on the fertile machine of the suction of solid fertilizer conveying mechanism 1 is inserted into socket It above and with socket formation is slidably matched, makes to inhale fertile machine with one-movement-freedom-degree along the longitudinal direction, can according to need tune in this way Section solid fertilizer falls position on liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3.Liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 includes lower positioning plate and upper splicing plate, complex fertilizer It is fixed with to take on the inner wall of case 2 and puts column, one end of lower positioning plate lower face is provided with fixture block, and lower positioning plate, which is placed on to take, to be put on column And be located below with one end of fixture block, fixture block and take and put column clamping and be formed as position limiting structure so that liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 with mix It is detachable connection between fertilizer box 2, can periodically disassembles and be cleaned, when dismounting is convenient and efficient, time saving and energy saving.
When complex fertilizer, solid fertilizer is transported on the liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 of the top first with solid fertilizer conveying mechanism 1, The water in water source is also fallen on the liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 of the top by water-supply-pipe 4 simultaneously, and solid fertilizer and water are mixed along liquid manure Inclined plate 3 is merged when sliding landing, the Liquid Fertilizer obtained after being closed solid fertilizer and aqueous fusion using the cooperation of circulating pump 5 and circulation pipe Send back on the liquid manure mixing inclined plate 3 of the top, the Liquid Fertilizer in complex fertilizer case 2 is made to be in the state of circulating, fusion effect always Fruit is more preferable.After the additive amount of solid fertilizer and water all reaches setting value, solid fertilizer conveying mechanism 1, water-supply-pipe 4 and circulating pump 5 are all It stops working, the Liquid Fertilizer in complex fertilizer case 2 is transported in filtering ponds 7, Liquid Fertilizer is dropped into after filter screen in fertilizer preserving case 6 It is spare.Liquid Fertilizer conveying mechanism is provided with above fertilizer preserving case 6, the inlet tube of Liquid Fertilizer conveying mechanism extends to inside fertilizer preserving case 6, It needs in use, being conveyed using Liquid Fertilizer conveying mechanism.Compared with being stirred using rabbling mechanism, using this hair This complex fertilizer mechanism in bright, under the premise of ensuring to meet complex fertilizer effect, vibration amplitude when work is small, noise is small, energy consumption It is low.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer including solid fertilizer conveying mechanism (1), complex fertilizer case (2) and is arranged in complex fertilizer case (2) The outlet of complex fertilizer mechanism, solid fertilizer conveying mechanism (1) is connected to complex fertilizer case (2), it is characterised in that:The complex fertilizer mechanism includes The one group of liquid manure mixing inclined plate (3) vertically arranged in complex fertilizer case (2), the feed end and complex fertilizer case of liquid manure mixing inclined plate (3) (2) be fixedly connected, discharge end tilts down, the discharge end of each liquid manure mixing inclined plate (3) extends to the water being disposed below Above the feed end of fertilizer mixing inclined plate (3), Fertilizer mixer further includes the water-supply-pipe (4) being connected to water source, solid fertilizer conveying mechanism (1) it is all located above the feed end of the top liquid manure mixing inclined plate (3) with the outlet of water-supply-pipe (4).
2. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:All liquid manure in complex fertilizer case (2) Angle between mixing inclined plate (3) and horizontal plane is gradually reduced from top to bottom.
3. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The interior liquid manure mixing of complex fertilizer case (2) is oblique The quantity of plate (3) is three and respectively inclined board, middle swash plate and declined board, the angle α between declined board and horizontal plane are 4.5 ° -5.5 °, angle β between middle swash plate and horizontal plane is 7 ° -8 °, the angle γ between inclined board and horizontal plane is 8.5 ° - 9.5°。
4. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The Fertilizer mixer further includes following Ring pumps (5), and the import of circulating pump (5) is connected to complex fertilizer case (2), and the outlet of circulating pump (5) is connected with circulation pipe, and circulation pipe goes out Above the feed end for the liquid manure mixing inclined plate (3) that mouth end extends to the top.
5. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The Fertilizer mixer further includes storage Fertilizer box (6) and the filter mechanism being arranged between fertilizer preserving case (6) and complex fertilizer case (2), the import of filter mechanism and complex fertilizer case (2) outlet, the outlet of filter mechanism and the inlet communication of fertilizer preserving case (6).
6. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 5, it is characterised in that:The filter mechanism is that setting exists Filtering ponds (7) between complex fertilizer case (2) and fertilizer preserving case (6), the bottom plate of filtering ponds (7) include inclined plate (8) and precipitation tank (9), are sunk Shallow lake slot (9) is located at the lowest part of inclined plate (8), and filtering mouth is offered on inclined plate (8), filters and is provided with filter screen, filter screen at mouth Above the import of fertilizer preserving case (6), Fertilizer mixer further includes backwash mechanism, and backwash mechanism includes that level is erected at storage fertilizer Shaft (10) between case (6) and complex fertilizer case (2), is fixed on walking seat (11) at the walking seat (11) being arranged on fertilizer preserving case (6) Backwash tube (12) that is upper and being used for washing filter screen, further includes driving mechanism, import and the fertilizer preserving case connecting with shaft (10) (6) it is connected to and exports the delivery pump being connected to backwash tube (12), walking seat (11) and shaft (10), which form transmission cooperation, makes position Backwash tube (12) below inclined plate (8) has the one-movement-freedom-degree along inclined plate (8) length direction.
7. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is fixed in the shaft (10) Gear, walking seat (11) upper surface are fixed with rack gear, and wheel and rack engagement is driven walking seat (11) and shaft (10) formation Cooperation.
8. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:Fertilizer preserving case (6) and inclined plate (8) it Between be fixed with and extended to below precipitation tank (9) with inclined plate (8) slide plate disposed in parallel (13), the lowest part of slide plate (13), walking Seat (11), which is arranged on slide plate (13) and is formed with slide plate (13), to be slidably matched.
9. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Liquid manure mixing positioned at the top is oblique It is provided with isocon (14) above the highest point of plate (3), the length direction of isocon (14) and the width of liquid manure mixing inclined plate (3) Direction is identical, and the both ends of isocon (14) are closed end, middle part is connected to water-supply-pipe (4), on isocon (14) along its length It is provided with one group of apopore.
10. a kind of solid fertilizer Fertilizer mixer according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:It is set on the walking seat (11) It is equipped with the angle adjusting mechanism for adjusting backwash tube (12) angle, angle adjusting mechanism includes the side with walking seat (11) The attachment base (16) of the locating rod (15), the door shape being fixedly connected with backwash tube (12) lower end surface that are fixedly connected, attachment base (16) via hole is all offered on two side plates of open end, attachment base (16) is sleeved on locating rod (15), and attachment base (16) is borrowed It helps and is fixedly connected across the fastening bolt of via hole and the cooperation for the nut being sleeved in fastening bolt with locating rod (15).
CN201810667138.5A 2018-06-26 2018-06-26 Solid fertilizer mixing device Active CN108816066B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810667138.5A CN108816066B (en) 2018-06-26 2018-06-26 Solid fertilizer mixing device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN108816066B CN108816066B (en) 2023-09-05

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CN206996338U (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-02-13 广东诚泰投资有限公司 A kind of production device of emulsified pitch
CN207371476U (en) * 2017-10-12 2018-05-18 广州倍享生物科技有限公司 A kind of solid beverage granule mixing device

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CN206996338U (en) * 2017-06-23 2018-02-13 广东诚泰投资有限公司 A kind of production device of emulsified pitch
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