CN108812439B - Royal jelly taking machine - Google Patents

Royal jelly taking machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108812439B
CN108812439B CN201810690724.1A CN201810690724A CN108812439B CN 108812439 B CN108812439 B CN 108812439B CN 201810690724 A CN201810690724 A CN 201810690724A CN 108812439 B CN108812439 B CN 108812439B
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royal jelly
strip
frame
driving
cam
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CN108812439A (en
Inventor
廖玉琴
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Anhui Zhihuihe Technology Service Co Ltd
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Anhui Zhihuihe Technology Service Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K59/00Honey collection

Abstract

The invention belongs to the technical field of royal jelly collection and processing, and particularly relates to a royal jelly taking machine which comprises a royal jelly frame, a wax cutting device, an insect taking device and a royal jelly taking device; the royal jelly strips are rotatably arranged on the royal jelly frame, so that the royal jelly strips do not need to be detached from the royal jelly frame when the royal jelly is taken, the operation process is simplified, and the royal jelly taking efficiency is improved; in addition, the royal jelly liquid and the larvae are extruded out of the empty port of the royal jelly platform for a certain distance, so that the larvae are completely exposed outside the royal jelly platform, then the larvae are scraped by the scraper, the larvae always float on the surface of the royal jelly liquid in the whole process, the larvae are prevented from being sunk into the royal jelly liquid, compared with the traditional manual clamping mode by using tweezers, the method can greatly improve the insect fetching efficiency, compared with the filtering mode of the insect fetching equipment in the prior art, the method can prevent the royal jelly liquid from being adhered to the larvae in large quantity, thereby reducing the loss of the royal jelly liquid and improving the purity of the royal jelly liquid.

Description

Royal jelly taking machine
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of royal jelly collection and processing, and particularly relates to a royal jelly taking machine.
Background
Royal jelly is a natural nutrient secreted by worker bees in nature for feeding queen bees, and the life of the queen bees can be prolonged to dozens of times of that of ordinary worker bees by using the royal jelly as a lifelong food, so that the royal jelly is a delicious health food nowadays. However, the process of producing and collecting royal jelly is extremely complicated, and is roughly divided into the following steps: firstly, manufacturing an artificial queen bee platform, namely a nest used when bees are cultivated, wherein the diameter of the nest is slightly larger than that of a common honeycomb, the queen bee platform in the nature is cast by beeswax, an orifice of the queen bee platform is generally vertically and downwards formed, when royal jelly is cultivated manually, the artificial queen bee platform made of plastic is generally adopted for improving the efficiency, namely a queen bee strip, an operator firstly fixes the queen bee strip on a wooden frame, then a bee larva is moved into the queen bee platform, then the wooden frame is hung in the nest, in order to simulate the real environment of the queen bee platform, the orifice on the queen bee strip is arranged downwards, when the worker bee in the nest finds that the larva exists in the queen bee platform, the royal jelly is continuously secreted into the queen bee platform, and meanwhile, the worker bee can also add the beeswax at the orifice of the artificial queen bee platform to prolong the; the queen cell is put into the honeycomb about 3 days and can get thick liquid, at first need amputate the beeswax of extension on the queen cell before getting thick liquid, then take out the larva in the queen cell, when getting thick liquid, generally adopt the manual work to get thick liquid among the prior art, adopt purpose-made to get thick liquid pen to dig the thick liquid in each queen cell one by one promptly, this kind gets thick liquid mode efficiency and low, though also designed multiple automatic thick liquid device of getting among the prior art, these devices all have a great deal of defects in the aspect of larva separation and thick liquid loss control, or can't effectively separate larva and thick liquid, or can make the thick liquid in a large number of adhesions on larva, queen cell or equipment surface, caused very big wasting of resources.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a royal jelly taking machine which can improve royal jelly collection efficiency, reduce royal jelly impurity content and reduce royal jelly loss.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme: a royal jelly extractor comprises royal jelly frame, wax cutting device, insect collecting device and royal jelly collecting device; the royal jelly frame comprises a wooden rectangular frame and a plurality of royal jelly strips arranged in the rectangular frame in parallel at intervals, and the royal jelly strips are formed by a plurality of royal jelly platforms arranged in a single-row or double-row array; the wax cutting device is used for cutting off a wax cylinder additionally built at the end part of the queen cell; the insect fetching device is used for eliminating queen bee larvae attached to the surface of queen bee liquid in the queen bee platform; the royal jelly taking device is used for taking out the royal jelly liquid in the royal jelly station and collecting the royal jelly liquid.
Two ends of a royal jelly strip of the royal jelly frame are rotationally connected with the rectangular frame, and the rotating shaft is parallel to the length direction of the royal jelly strip; the centre bore of queen bee platform runs through the bottom surface setting of royal jelly strip, and is equipped with a piston in the centre bore of queen bee platform, the piston constitutes sliding fit with the queen bee platform centre bore, and the length of piston is set up to when the root parallel and level of piston one end and queen bee platform tube-shape lateral wall, and the piston other end does not bulge in the bottom surface of royal jelly strip, and the one end of piston orientation royal jelly strip bottom surface is equipped with the quick-operation joint that is used for connecting driver part.
Still be equipped with on the bottom surface of royal jelly strip and be used for the protection the closing cap of quick-operation joint, the closing cap is connected with royal jelly strip bottom surface is detachable.
The closing cap couples through link gear the royal jelly strip just is assembled for can follow horizontal direction and the separation of royal jelly strip bottom surface when the royal jelly strip rotates the in-process closing cap to vertical gesture from horizontal gesture, and rotates the in-process closing cap to horizontal gesture from vertical gesture and can follow horizontal direction and royal jelly strip bottom surface lock when the royal jelly strip.
The linkage mechanism comprises a driving rod, the driving rod is parallel to one group of opposite sides of the royal jelly frame, namely one group of opposite sides vertical to the royal jelly strips, the driving rod reciprocates along the length direction of the driving rod, the end part of each royal jelly strip is connected with an eccentric shaft eccentrically arranged relative to a rotating shaft of the royal jelly strip, the eccentric shaft and a kidney-shaped hole formed in the driving rod form sliding hinged fit, and the length direction of the kidney-shaped hole is vertical to the length direction of the driving rod; the end part of each sealing cover is fixedly connected with the driving rod.
And a torsion spring is arranged between the rotating shaft of the royal jelly strip and the royal jelly frame, and the torsion spring is assembled in such a way that when the royal jelly strip is rotated to a vertical posture, the elasticity of the torsion spring can enable the royal jelly strip to generate a trend of rotating to a horizontal posture.
One end of the waist-shaped hole is provided with a groove vertical to the length direction of the waist-shaped hole, and when the royal jelly strip is in a horizontal posture, the eccentric shaft is positioned in the groove; be equipped with first pressure spring between the tip of closing cap and the royal jelly frame, first pressure spring is assembled for its elasticity can make the closing cap produce the trend towards royal jelly strip bottom surface lock.
The driving rod is also provided with a driving pin, the driving pin is fixedly connected with the driving rod, and the axial direction of the driving pin is parallel to the length direction of the royal jelly strip.
The quick connector comprises a plurality of clamping jaws which are uniformly arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the end face of the piston, the outer side of each clamping jaw is flush with the circumferential surface of the piston, and a triangular or trapezoidal bulge is arranged on the inner side of each clamping jaw; the joint between the claw and the piston is made of elastic material.
The wax cutting device comprises a positioning table, a pressing plate, a wedge-shaped driving block and a cutting knife assembly; the royal jelly frame is flatly laid on the positioning table, a limiting part which is blocked and connected with the royal jelly frame is arranged on the positioning table and used for limiting the position of the royal jelly frame in the horizontal direction, the pressing plate is arranged in a reciprocating mode in the vertical direction, a wedge-shaped driving block is arranged on the pressing plate and corresponds to the driving pin on the royal jelly frame, and the wedge-shaped driving block is assembled to be capable of driving the driving pin and the driving rod to move when the pressing plate moves downwards, so that the royal jelly strips rotate to the vertical posture from the horizontal posture; the cutting knife assembly is arranged along the horizontal direction in a reciprocating mode, the cutting edge of the cutting knife assembly can be just flush with the root of the wax adding cylinder of the royal jelly strip when the royal jelly strip is in a vertical posture, and a push-pull handle is arranged on one side, far away from the cutting edge, of the cutting knife assembly.
A first material receiving disc is arranged below the cutting knife assembly.
The locating stage includes two parallel guide rails that the frame improved level and set up, sees along vertical direction, half of two guide rails is located the clamp plate below, and the protruding outside that corresponds the region to the clamp plate of stretching to of second half, be equipped with the sand grip that sets up along guide rail length direction on the top surface of guide rail, be equipped with the bottom on two opposite borders of royal jelly strip looks vertically on the royal jelly frame with sand grip matched with strip groove, the tip of two guide rails is equipped with the stopper that keeps off and connect with royal jelly frame lateral wall.
The upper end of the pressing plate is provided with a guide pillar, the guide pillar and the rack top beam form sliding fit, the guide pillar protrudes above the rack top beam, the top end of the guide pillar is provided with a radial flange, and a second pressure spring is blocked between the radial flange and the rack top beam; a cam is arranged above the pressing plate, the cam is rotationally arranged on the rack, the rotating shaft is horizontally arranged, the wheel surface of the cam is in sliding interference fit with the top surface of the pressing plate, and a rotating handle for driving the cam to rotate is arranged on the rack; the cam is provided with a first station and a second station, when the cam is positioned at the first station, the wedge-shaped driving block and the driving pin are separated from each other, and when the cam is positioned at the second station, the wedge-shaped driving block can drive the driving pin to reach the maximum displacement, so that the royal jelly strip rotates to the vertical posture.
The cutter assembly comprises a cutter plate which is parallel and level to the cylinder opening of the royal jelly strip in a vertical posture, and the cutter plate is provided with first through holes which correspond to the orifices of all royal jelly platforms one to one; the larva extruding mechanism comprises push rods arranged at the bottoms of the press plates, the push rods are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the pistons on the royal jelly strips in a vertical state, the end parts of the push rods are provided with radial convex parts, and the edges of the two ends of the radial convex parts are provided with chamfers; the cam is also provided with a third station, and when the cam is positioned at the third station, the push rod can push the piston downwards for a stroke, so that the larva in the queen cell just protrudes out of the lower end of the knife plate through the first through hole on the knife plate; the larva scraping mechanism comprises a scraper which is attached to the lower end face of the knife board and arranged in a reciprocating mode along the horizontal direction.
The utility model discloses a portable electric tool, including cutting board, movable support, scraper, the cutting board lower extreme is equipped with a movable support, the movable support sets up along horizontal direction reciprocating motion for the cutting board, the scraper is installed on this movable support, still be equipped with on the cutting board and be used for driving the gliding actuating mechanism of movable support, actuating mechanism includes the connecting rod with movable support articulated, the connecting rod is articulated with the one end of a spanner, the pole body and the cutting board of spanner are articulated, and the other end of spanner constitutes the handle portion that supplies the people hand to grip.
The cutting board lower extreme still is equipped with second take-up (stock) pan, second take-up (stock) pan sets up and is detachable the connection between second take-up (stock) pan and the cutting board with cutting board simultaneous movement.
Be equipped with the second through-hole with each queen bee platform hole one-to-one on the scraper, get thick liquid device and include second through-hole below is equipped with a cell body, this cell body with a synthetic tubular container is enclosed jointly to the scraper, the cam still has the fourth station, and when the cam was located the fourth station, the push rod can further push down one section stroke and make the lower extreme of piston pass first through-hole and with the bottom surface parallel and level of cutting board.
The first station to the fourth station of the cam are arranged in sequence in the circumferential direction of the cam.
The tubular container is detachably arranged on the movable bracket.
The invention has the technical effects that: the royal jelly strips are rotatably arranged on the royal jelly frame, so that the royal jelly strips do not need to be detached from the royal jelly frame when royal jelly is taken, the operation process is simplified, the royal jelly taking efficiency is improved, in addition, the royal jelly platform adopts a piston type structure, a piston can directly push out royal jelly liquid from the royal jelly platform, the traditional inefficient operation mode of taking royal jelly by using a royal jelly taking pen is abandoned, the royal jelly taking efficiency is greatly improved, and the labor cost is reduced; in addition, the royal jelly liquid and the larvae are extruded out of the empty port of the royal jelly platform for a certain distance at present, so that the larvae are completely exposed outside the royal jelly platform, then the larvae are scraped by a scraper, the larvae always float on the surface of the royal jelly liquid in the whole process, the larvae are prevented from being sunk into the royal jelly liquid, compared with the traditional manual clamping mode by using tweezers, the method can greatly improve the insect fetching efficiency, compared with the filtering mode of the insect fetching equipment in the prior art, the method can prevent a large amount of royal jelly liquid from being adhered to the larvae, thereby reducing the loss of the royal jelly liquid and improving the purity of the royal jelly liquid.
Drawings
FIG. 1 is a schematic perspective view of a royal jelly frame provided in an embodiment of the present invention, in which the royal jelly frame is in a vertical position, i.e., in a state in which the royal jelly frame is actually suspended in a beehive;
FIG. 2 is a perspective view of another position of the royal jelly frame provided by the embodiment of the present invention, in which the royal jelly frame is in a horizontal position, i.e., a position in which the royal jelly taking operation is performed;
FIG. 3 is an enlarged fragmentary view of a middle section of a royal jelly frame provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 4 is a greatly enlarged partial side view of a royal jelly frame provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a perspective view of a royal jelly frame according to an embodiment of the present invention, showing a driving lever in a triggered state;
FIG. 6 is a side elevation view, in greatly enlarged detail, of the royal jelly frame in the condition of FIG. 5;
fig. 7 is a schematic perspective view of a royal jelly extractor according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 8 is a schematic perspective view of another perspective view of a royal jelly extractor provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 9 is a sectional view of one of the stations of the royal jelly extractor provided by the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is an enlarged partial view of I of FIG. 9;
FIG. 11 is an enlarged partial view of II of FIG. 9;
fig. 12 is a sectional view of another station of the royal jelly extractor provided by the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 13 is an enlarged partial view of III of FIG. 12;
FIG. 14 is a schematic view of the assembly of the queen cell and piston according to the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 15 is a perspective view of a cutter assembly provided in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 16 is a perspective view of a cut-to-assembly half disassembled state provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 17 is a side view of a cut-to-assembly provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 18 is a schematic diagram of a four-position switching process of the cam provided by the embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 19 is a schematic view of the position of the pusher relative to the royal jelly stick with the cam in the first station;
FIG. 20 is a schematic view of the position of the pusher relative to the royal jelly stick with the cam in the second station;
FIG. 21 is a schematic view showing the positional relationship of the pusher and the royal jelly stick when the cam is at the third position;
FIG. 22 is a schematic view showing the positional relationship of the pusher and the royal jelly stick when the cam is at the fourth position.
Detailed Description
The invention will be further explained with reference to fig. 1 to 22:
in order that the objects and advantages of the invention will be more clearly understood, the invention will now be described in detail with reference to the following examples. It is to be understood that the following text is merely illustrative of one or more specific embodiments of the invention and does not strictly limit the scope of the invention as specifically claimed. In particular, for the sake of simplicity, the expressions indicating the spatial position states such as "vertical" and "horizontal" described in the present invention are based on the posture of the royal jelly frame shown in fig. 2, that is, the posture of the royal jelly frame at the time of taking out the royal jelly.
As shown in fig. 7-22, a royal jelly extractor comprises a royal jelly frame 100, a wax cutting device, an insect-extracting device and a royal jelly-extracting device; the royal jelly frame 100 comprises a wooden rectangular frame and a plurality of royal jelly strips 110 arranged in the rectangular frame at intervals in parallel, wherein the royal jelly strips 110 are formed by a plurality of royal jelly platforms 111 arranged in a single-row or double-row array; the wax cutting device is used for cutting off a wax cylinder 115 additionally built at the end part of the queen cell 111 by bees; the insect fetching device is used for eliminating queen bee larvae attached to the surface of queen bee liquid in the queen bee platform 111; the royal jelly taking device is used for taking out the royal jelly liquid in the royal jelly station 111 and collecting the royal jelly liquid.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 1-6, both ends of the royal jelly strip 110 of the royal jelly frame 100 are rotatably connected with the rectangular frame and the rotating shaft is parallel to the length direction of the royal jelly strip 110; the centre bore of queen bee platform 111 runs through the bottom surface setting of royal jelly strip 110, and is equipped with a piston 112 in the centre bore of queen bee platform 111, piston 112 constitutes sliding fit with queen bee platform 111 centre bore, and the length of piston 112 is set up to when the root parallel and level of piston 112 one end and queen bee platform 111 tube-shape lateral wall, and the piston 112 other end does not bulge in the bottom surface of royal jelly strip 110, and the one end that the piston 112 faced royal jelly strip 110 bottom surface is equipped with the quick-operation joint that is used for connecting the driver part. In addition, the royal jelly platform 111 adopts a piston 112 type structure, the piston 112 can directly push out royal jelly liquid from the royal jelly platform 111, the traditional inefficient operation mode of taking royal jelly by a royal jelly taking pen is abandoned, the royal jelly taking efficiency is greatly improved, and the labor cost is reduced. In addition, the piston 112 is basically sunk in the central hole of the queen bee platform 111, and the tail end of the piston 112 is not provided with a long protrusion, so that the interference to the activity space of the bees is avoided, and the acceptance rate of the bees to the queen bee platform 111 is greatly improved.
Further, as shown in fig. 3, a cover 120 for protecting the quick connector is further disposed on the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip 110, and the cover 120 is detachably connected to the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip 110. The cover 120 can effectively protect the quick connector and prevent the quick connector piston 112 from being blocked due to bee nesting on the quick connector.
Preferably, as shown in FIGS. 4 and 6, the cover 120 is coupled to the royal jelly stick 110 by a linkage mechanism and is configured such that the cover 120 can be separated from the bottom surface of the royal jelly stick 110 in the horizontal direction during the rotation of the royal jelly stick 110 from the horizontal posture to the vertical posture, and the cover 120 can be engaged with the bottom surface of the royal jelly stick 110 in the horizontal direction during the rotation of the royal jelly stick 110 from the vertical posture to the horizontal posture. The linkage mechanism comprises a driving rod 130, the driving rod 130 is parallel to one group of opposite sides of the royal jelly frame 100, namely, one group of opposite sides vertical to the royal jelly strips 110, the driving rod 130 is arranged in a reciprocating motion way along the length direction of the driving rod 130, the end part of each royal jelly strip 110 is connected with an eccentric shaft 114 which is eccentrically arranged relative to the rotating shaft of the royal jelly strip 110, the eccentric shaft 114 and a kidney-shaped hole 132 formed on the driving rod 130 form a sliding hinged fit, and the length direction of the kidney-shaped hole 132 is vertical to the length direction of the driving rod 130; the end of each cover 120 is fixedly connected to the driving rod 130. According to the invention, the linkage between the sealing cover 120 and the royal jelly strip 110 is realized by adopting a linkage mechanism, and the royal jelly strip 110 can be driven to rotate by the driving rod 130 at the same time of driving the sealing cover 120 to be opened, so that the state switching of the royal jelly frame 100 is simpler and faster, and the royal jelly taking efficiency is further improved.
A torsion spring is arranged between the rotating shaft of the royal jelly strip 110 and the royal jelly frame 100, and the torsion spring is assembled in such a way that when the royal jelly strip 110 is rotated to a vertical posture, the elasticity of the torsion spring can make the royal jelly strip 110 generate a tendency of rotating to a horizontal posture. As shown in FIG. 6, one end of the waist-shaped hole 132 is provided with a groove 133 perpendicular to the length direction of the waist-shaped hole 132, and when the royal jelly strip 110 is in a horizontal posture, the eccentric shaft 114 is positioned in the groove 133; a first compression spring 121 is arranged between the end part of the cover 120 and the royal jelly frame 100, and the first compression spring 121 is assembled to have the elasticity that the cover 120 tends to be buckled towards the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip 110. The groove 133 can make the driving rod 130 generate a section of idle stroke relative to the eccentric shaft 114, so as to ensure that the royal jelly strip 110 starts to rotate after the sealing cover 120 is opened for a certain distance, and avoid the interference of the sealing cover 120 on the rotation of the royal jelly strip 110. The torsion spring can ensure that the eccentric shaft 114 is always tightly attached to the kidney-shaped hole 132 and away from the groove 133 during the resetting process, so that the eccentric shaft 114 can be prevented from being clamped in the groove 133 during the resetting process.
Further, as shown in fig. 6, a driving pin 131 is further disposed on the driving rod 130, the driving pin 131 is fixedly connected to the driving rod 130, and an axial direction of the driving pin 131 is parallel to a length direction of the royal jelly strip 110. The drive pin 131 is adapted to cooperate with a wedge drive block 213 on the pulper to drive the drive rod 130 in action.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 14, the quick coupling includes a plurality of jaws 113 uniformly spaced along the circumferential direction of the end surface of the piston 112, the outer side of each jaw 113 is flush with the circumferential surface of the piston 112, and the inner side of each jaw 113 is provided with a triangular or trapezoidal protrusion; the connection between the jaws 113 and the piston 112 is made of an elastic material. The claws 113 are matched with push rods 214 on the royal jelly extractor, the push rods 214 are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the pistons 112 on the royal jelly strips 110 in a vertical state, the end parts of the push rods 214 are provided with radial convex parts 215, and the edges of the two ends of the radial convex parts 215 are provided with chamfers. When slurry is taken, the push rod 214 is pressed downwards along the vertical direction, the convex part of the push rod 214 is guided by the inclined surface on the upper side of the claw 113 to prop each claw 113 open so as to enter an inverted T-shaped cavity formed between the claw 113 and the top surface of the piston 112, the quick connector is pushed into the hole of the piston 112 along with the continuous pressing of the push rod 214, the outer side of the claw 113 is limited by the hole wall so as to hold the convex part of the push rod 214 tightly, the push rod 214 can drive the piston 112 to reset together in the pull-back process, and after the claw 113 is pulled out of the hole of the piston 112, the limitation of the hole of the piston 112 to the claw 113 is released, so that the.
As shown in fig. 7-13, the wax cutting device comprises a positioning table, a pressure plate 210, a wedge-shaped driving block 213 and a cutter assembly; the royal jelly frame 100 is flatly laid on a positioning table, a limiting part which is blocked and connected with the royal jelly frame 100 is arranged on the positioning table and used for limiting the position of the royal jelly frame 100 in the horizontal direction, the pressing plate 210 is arranged in a reciprocating mode in the vertical direction, a wedge-shaped driving block 213 is arranged on the pressing plate 210, the wedge-shaped driving block 213 is arranged corresponding to the driving pin 131 on the royal jelly frame 100, and the wedge-shaped driving block 213 is assembled in a mode that the wedge-shaped driving block 213 can drive the driving pin 131 and the driving rod 130 to act when the pressing plate 210 moves downwards, so that the royal jelly strip 110 rotates to the vertical posture from the; the cutting knife assembly reciprocates along the horizontal direction, the cutting edge 301 of the cutting knife assembly can be just flush with the root of the wax adding cylinder 115 of the royal jelly strip 110 when the royal jelly strip 110 is in a vertical posture, and one side of the cutting knife assembly, which is far away from the cutting edge 301, is provided with a push-pull handle. A first material receiving disc 201 is arranged below the cutting knife assembly. When the pressing plate 210 drives the royal jelly strips 110 on the royal jelly frame 100 to a vertical posture (i.e. the station shown in fig. 18b and fig. 20), an operator pushes the cutter assembly into the lower part of the pressing plate 210 with force, the wax cylinder 115 at the lower end of the royal jelly strips 110 can be cut off by the cutting edge 301 at the front end of the cutter assembly, and the cut wax cylinder 115 falls onto the first material receiving plate 201 so as to be conveniently recovered.
Preferably, the locating platform includes two parallel guide rails 220 that the level set up on frame 200, looks along vertical direction, half of two guide rails 220 is located clamp plate 210 below, and the protruding outside that corresponds regional to clamp plate 210 of protruding the other half, be equipped with on the top surface of guide rail 220 along the sand grip 221 that guide rail 220 length direction set up, be equipped with the bottom on two opposite borders of royal jelly strip 110 looks vertically on royal jelly frame 100 with sand grip 221 matched with strip groove 101, the tip of two guide rails 220 is equipped with the stopper 222 that keeps off and connect with royal jelly frame 100 lateral wall.
Preferably, the upper end of the pressure plate 210 is provided with a guide post 211, the guide post 211 and the top beam of the rack 200 form a sliding fit, the guide post 211 protrudes above the top beam of the rack 200, the top end of the guide post 211 is provided with a radial flange, and a second pressure spring 212 is blocked between the radial flange and the top beam of the rack 200; a cam 230 is arranged above the pressing plate 210, the cam 230 is rotatably arranged on the frame 200, the rotating shaft is horizontally arranged, the wheel surface of the cam 230 and the top surface of the pressing plate 210 form a sliding interference fit, and a rotating handle 231 for driving the cam 230 to rotate is arranged on the frame 200; the cam 230 has a first position and a second position, when the cam 230 is at the first position, the wedge-shaped driving block 213 and the driving pin 131 are separated from each other, and when the cam 230 is at the second position, the wedge-shaped driving block 213 can drive the driving pin 131 to the maximum displacement, so that the royal jelly strip 110 is rotated to the vertical position. According to the invention, the cam 230 is adopted to drive the pressing plate 210 to press down, the cam 230 adopts manual power, and elements such as a motor and an air cylinder are not required to be driven, so that the equipment cost is greatly reduced, and meanwhile, the device is convenient to migrate and transport, is suitable for migration operation, and is suitable for production habits of beekeepers.
As shown in fig. 15-17, the cutter assembly comprises a knife plate 300 flush with the opening of the royal jelly stick 110 in a vertical posture, and the knife plate 300 is provided with first through holes 302 corresponding to the openings of all royal jelly stands 111 one by one; the insect fetching device comprises a larva extruding mechanism and a larva scraping mechanism, wherein the larva extruding mechanism comprises a push rod 214 arranged at the bottom of the pressing plate 210; the cam 230 also has a third station, when the cam 230 is located at the third station, the push rod 214 can push the piston 112 downwards for a stroke, so that the larva in the queen cell 111 just passes through the first through hole 302 on the knife plate 300 and protrudes out of the lower end of the knife plate 300; the larva scraping mechanism includes a scraper 341 which is engaged with the lower end surface of the knife plate 300 and is provided to reciprocate in the horizontal direction. Scraper 341 mainly used strikes off the larva in the queen cell 111, operation space and royal jelly frame 100 effective isolation when cutting board 300 can will get the worm and get thick liquid, only makes queen cell 111 centre bore and cutting board 300 lower part space intercommunication through first through-hole 302, can provide smooth basal plane for scraper 341 when scraping larva and royal jelly liquid on the one hand, and on the other hand also can avoid on the royal jelly frame 100 adnexed beeswax to fall into the royal jelly liquid in the operation process to ensure that the royal jelly liquid can have higher purity.
Preferably, the lower end of the knife board 300 is provided with a movable support 310, the movable support 310 is arranged in a reciprocating manner along the horizontal direction relative to the knife board 300, specifically, the bottom of the knife board 300 is provided with a polished rod 330, the bottom of the movable support 310 is provided with a slide block 311, the slide block 311 and the polished rod 330 form a sliding fit, the scraper 341 is installed on the movable support 310, the knife board 300 is further provided with a driving mechanism for driving the movable support 310 to slide, the driving mechanism comprises a connecting rod 312 hinged to the movable support 310, the connecting rod 312 is hinged to one end of a wrench 313, a shaft of the wrench 313 is hinged to the knife board 300, and the other end of the wrench 313 forms a handle portion for being held by a human hand. The scraper 341 is also driven by manpower, and the wrench 313 and the connecting rod 312 are used for realizing the effects of labor saving and convenient operation.
Further, the lower end of the knife board 300 is further provided with a second receiving tray 320, the second receiving tray 320 and the knife board 300 are arranged in a synchronous motion mode, and the second receiving tray 320 is detachably connected with the knife board 300. The second receiving tray 320 is mainly used for collecting the larvae scraped by the scraper 341.
Further, the scraper 341 is provided with second through holes 342 corresponding to the holes of the queen cell 111 one by one, the pulp taking device comprises a groove body arranged below the second through holes 342, the groove body and the scraper 341 enclose together to form a tubular container 340, the cam 230 further comprises a fourth station, and when the cam 230 is positioned at the fourth station, the push rod 214 can further press down for a stroke to enable the lower end of the piston 112 to penetrate through the first through hole 302 and be flush with the bottom surface of the knife board 300. The wax cylinder 115, the larvae and the royal jelly liquid are effectively isolated and collected through different paths, so that the mutual mixing of the wax cylinder 115, the larvae and the royal jelly liquid is effectively avoided, the quality of the royal jelly liquid is improved, and the larvae and the wax cylinder 115 are convenient to recycle.
Preferably, as shown in fig. 18, the first to fourth stations of the cam 230 are sequentially arranged in the circumferential direction of the cam 230, and as a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the included angles between the four stations are all 90 degrees. The operating personnel only need stir the twist grip 231 quadraticly according to the order interval every operation royal jelly frame 100, stir 90 degrees at every turn to the push-and-pull of cooperation cutting knife subassembly just can realize cutting wax, deinsectization, a series of operations such as thick liquid of getting, equipment is simple to use convenient, has improved royal jelly efficiency of getting greatly.
The tubular container 340 is detachably mounted on the movable support 310 to facilitate further collection and packaging of the royal jelly liquid in the tubular container 340.
Based on the royal jelly taking machine, the invention provides a royal jelly taking method, which comprises the following steps:
step 1: preparing for royal jelly taking, namely taking out the royal jelly frame 100 from a beehive, shaking out bees on the royal jelly frame 100, neatly stacking the royal jelly frame 100 and carrying the royal jelly frame to the side of a royal jelly taking machine to wait for taking royal jelly; adjusting the royal jelly extractor to reset the cutter assembly and the pressure plate 210, namely, the cutter assembly completely withdraws from the area below the pressure plate 210 and the cam 230 above the pressure plate 210 is at the first station;
step 2: wax is cut, a royal jelly frame 100 is horizontally placed on a guide rail 220 of a royal jelly taking machine, and a group of opposite edges of the royal jelly frame 100, which are vertical to the royal jelly strips 110, are respectively aligned with the two guide rails 220; then, the royal jelly frame 100 is pushed to the lower part of the pressure plate 210 along the guide rail 220 until the front end of the royal jelly frame 100 is contacted with the limiting block 222 at the end part of the guide rail 220; at this time, the rotating handle 231 is rotated again, so that the cam 230 is switched from the first station to the second station, the royal jelly frame 100 makes the royal jelly platform 111 on the royal jelly strip 110 change from the horizontal state to the vertical state with the hole facing downwards under the action of the wedge-shaped driving block 213, and the sealing cover 120 is separated from the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip 110; then the cutting knife assembly is pushed, so that the cutting edge 301 of the cutting knife assembly is swept from the lower area of the whole royal jelly frame 100; the wax cylinder 115 at the top end of the queen cell 111 falls off from the queen cell 111 under the cutting action of the blade 301 and falls into the first receiving tray 201, and the wax cutting procedure is completed;
and step 3: taking insects, and rotating the rotary handle 231 again to switch the cam 230 from the second station to the third station; at this time, the pressing plate 210 is pressed down by the cam 230 for a stroke with a length of 2.5-4.5mm, so that the larvae in the queen cell 111 are completely exposed outside the queen cell 111; then the wrench 313 is shifted downwards, so that the scraper 341 at the top of the tubular container 340 sweeps across the first through hole 302 on the knife board 300, and the second through hole 342 on the scraper 341 stays at the position aligned with the first through hole 302, at this time, the larva is separated from the royal jelly liquid under the action of the scraper 341 and falls on the second material receiving tray 320 below the knife board 300, and the insect taking process is completed;
and 4, step 4: taking royal jelly, rotating the rotating handle 231 again to switch the cam 230 from the third station to the fourth station, pressing the pressing plate 210 downwards again for a stroke under the action of the cam 230 to enable the lower end surface of the piston 112 in the royal jelly platform 111 to be flush with the bottom surface of the cutting plate 300, and then the royal jelly liquid enters the tubular container 340 through the first through hole 302 and the second through hole 342; then, the wrench 313 is shifted upwards to reset the tubular container 340, and at the moment, the hole wall of the second through hole 342 can generate a shearing effect on the royal jelly liquid, so that the royal jelly liquid adhered to the lower end face of the piston 112 is scraped completely; then, the rotating handle 231 is rotated again to restore the cam 230 to the first station, the wedge-shaped driving block 213 is separated from the royal jelly frame 100, and the royal jelly strip 110 and the sealing cover 120 on the royal jelly frame 100 are reset; finally, the cutter assembly is pulled out from the lower part of the pressing plate 210, and the royal jelly taking process of the royal jelly frame 100 is completed;
and 5: repeating the steps 2 to 4, when the royal jelly liquid in the tubular container 340 is full, detaching the tubular container 340 from the cutter assembly, taking out the royal jelly liquid in the tubular container 340, bottling, and finishing the royal jelly taking operation; finally, the tubular container 340 after the pulp is taken is arranged back to the cutting knife assembly.

Claims (7)

1. A royal jelly taking machine is characterized in that: comprises a royal jelly frame (100), a wax cutting device, an insect taking device, a jelly taking device and a linkage mechanism; the royal jelly frame (100) comprises a wooden rectangular frame and a plurality of royal jelly strips (110) which are arranged in the rectangular frame at intervals in parallel, wherein the royal jelly strips (110) are formed by a plurality of royal jelly platforms (111) which are arranged in a single-row or double-row array; the wax cutting device is used for cutting off a wax cylinder (115) additionally built at the end part of the queen cell (111) by bees; the insect fetching device is used for eliminating queen bee larvae attached to the surface of queen bee liquid in the queen bee platform (111); the royal jelly taking device is used for taking out the royal jelly liquid in the royal jelly platform (111) and collecting the royal jelly liquid; two ends of a royal jelly strip (110) of the royal jelly frame (100) are rotatably connected with the rectangular frame, and a rotating shaft is parallel to the length direction of the royal jelly strip (110); the center hole of the queen cell (111) penetrates through the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip (110), a piston (112) is arranged in the center hole of the queen cell (111), the piston (112) and the center hole of the queen cell (111) form a sliding fit, the length of the piston (112) is set to be such that when one end of the piston (112) is flush with the root of the cylindrical side wall of the queen cell (111), the other end of the piston (112) does not protrude out of the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip (110), and one end of the piston (112) facing the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip (110) is provided with a quick connector used for connecting a driving part; the linkage mechanism comprises a driving rod (130), wherein the driving rod (130) is parallel to one group of opposite sides of the royal jelly frame (100), namely one group of opposite sides vertical to the royal jelly strips (110), the driving rod (130) is arranged in a reciprocating mode along the length direction of the driving rod, the end part of each royal jelly strip (110) is connected with an eccentric shaft (114) which is eccentrically arranged relative to the rotating shaft of the royal jelly strip (110), the eccentric shaft (114) and a kidney-shaped hole (132) formed in the driving rod (130) form sliding hinged fit, and the length direction of the kidney-shaped hole (132) is vertical to the length direction of the driving rod (130); a torsion spring is arranged between the rotating shaft of the royal jelly strip (110) and the royal jelly frame (100), and the torsion spring is assembled in such a way that when the royal jelly strip (110) is rotated to a vertical posture, the elasticity of the torsion spring can enable the royal jelly strip (110) to generate a trend of rotating towards a horizontal posture; the driving rod (130) is also provided with a driving pin (131), the driving pin (131) is fixedly connected with the driving rod (130), and the axial direction of the driving pin (131) is parallel to the length direction of the royal jelly strip (110); the wax cutting device comprises a positioning table, a pressing plate (210), a wedge-shaped driving block (213) and a cutting knife assembly; the royal jelly frame (100) is flatly laid on the positioning table, a limiting part which is blocked and connected with the royal jelly frame (100) is arranged on the positioning table and used for limiting the position of the royal jelly frame (100) in the horizontal direction, the pressing plate (210) is arranged in a reciprocating mode in the vertical direction, a wedge-shaped driving block (213) is arranged on the pressing plate (210), the wedge-shaped driving block (213) is arranged corresponding to the driving pin (131) on the royal jelly frame (100), and the wedge-shaped driving block (213) is assembled in a mode that the wedge-shaped driving block (213) can drive the driving pin (131) and the driving rod (130) to act when the pressing plate (210) moves downwards, so that the royal jelly strip (110) rotates to the vertical posture from the horizontal; a cam (230) is arranged above the pressing plate (210), the cam (230) is rotatably arranged on the rack (200), the rotating shaft is horizontally arranged, the wheel surface of the cam (230) and the top surface of the pressing plate (210) form sliding interference fit, and a rotating handle (231) for driving the cam (230) to rotate is arranged on the rack (200); the cam (230) is provided with a first station and a second station, when the cam (230) is positioned at the first station, the wedge-shaped driving block (213) and the driving pin (131) are separated from each other, and when the cam (230) is positioned at the second station, the wedge-shaped driving block (213) can drive the driving pin (131) to reach the maximum displacement, so that the royal jelly strip (110) is rotated to the vertical position; the cutter assembly comprises a cutter plate (300) which is parallel to the cylinder opening of the royal jelly strip (110) in a vertical posture, and first through holes (302) which correspond to the orifices of all royal jelly platforms (111) one by one are formed in the cutter plate (300); the cam (230) is also provided with a third station, when the cam (230) is positioned at the third station, the push rod (214) can push the piston (112) downwards for a stroke, so that the larva in the queen bee platform (111) just passes through the first through hole (302) on the knife board (300) and protrudes out of the lower end of the knife board (300); the cam (230) also has a fourth position, and when the cam (230) is located at the fourth position, the push rod (214) can be further pressed down for a stroke, so that the lower end of the piston (112) penetrates through the first through hole (302) and is flush with the bottom surface of the knife board (300).
2. A royal jelly extractor according to claim 1, characterized in that: the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip (110) is also provided with a sealing cover (120) for protecting the quick connector, and the sealing cover (120) is detachably connected with the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip (110); the cover (120) is coupled to the royal jelly strip (110) through a linkage mechanism and is assembled in such a way that the cover (120) can be separated from the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip (110) along the horizontal direction in the process that the royal jelly strip (110) rotates from the horizontal posture to the vertical posture, and the cover (120) can be buckled with the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip (110) along the horizontal direction in the process that the royal jelly strip (110) rotates from the vertical posture to the horizontal posture; the end part of each sealing cover (120) is fixedly connected with the driving rod (130); one end of the waist-shaped hole (132) is provided with a groove (133) which is vertical to the length direction of the waist-shaped hole (132), and when the royal jelly strip (110) is in a horizontal posture, the eccentric shaft (114) is positioned in the groove (133); a first pressure spring (121) is arranged between the end part of the sealing cover (120) and the royal jelly frame (100), and the first pressure spring (121) is assembled to enable the elastic force of the first pressure spring to enable the sealing cover (120) to generate a buckling trend towards the bottom surface of the royal jelly strip (110); the quick connector comprises a plurality of clamping jaws (113) which are uniformly arranged at intervals along the circumferential direction of the end face of the piston (112), the outer side of each clamping jaw (113) is flush with the circumferential surface of the piston (112), and the inner side of each clamping jaw (113) is provided with a triangular or trapezoidal bulge; the joint between the jaw (113) and the piston (112) is made of an elastic material.
3. A royal jelly extractor according to claim 2, characterized in that: the cutting knife assembly is arranged in a reciprocating mode along the horizontal direction, when the royal jelly strips (110) are in a vertical posture, the cutting edges (301) of the cutting knife assembly can be just flush with the roots of the wax adding cylinders (115) of the royal jelly strips (110), and one side, far away from the cutting edges (301), of the cutting knife assembly is provided with a push-pull handle; a first material receiving disc (201) is arranged below the cutting knife assembly; the positioning table comprises two parallel guide rails (220) horizontally arranged on a rack (200), when viewed in the vertical direction, one half of the two guide rails (220) is positioned below a pressure plate (210), the other half of the two guide rails protrudes to the outside of a corresponding area of the pressure plate (210), convex strips (221) arranged in the length direction of the guide rails (220) are arranged on the top surfaces of the guide rails (220), strip grooves (101) matched with the convex strips (221) are arranged at the bottoms of two opposite sides, perpendicular to the royal jelly strips (110), of the royal jelly frame (100), and limiting blocks (222) in blocking connection with the side walls of the royal jelly frame (100) are arranged at the end parts of the two guide rails (220); the upper end of the pressing plate (210) is provided with a guide pillar (211), the guide pillar (211) and a top beam of the rack (200) form sliding fit, the guide pillar (211) protrudes above the top beam of the rack (200), the top end of the guide pillar (211) is provided with a radial flange, and a second pressure spring (212) is blocked between the radial flange and the top beam of the rack (200).
4. A royal jelly extractor according to claim 3, characterized in that: the larva extracting device comprises a larva extruding mechanism and a larva scraping mechanism, the larva extruding mechanism comprises push rods (214) arranged at the bottoms of press plates (210), the push rods (214) are arranged in one-to-one correspondence with the pistons (112) on the royal jelly strips (110) in a vertical state, radial convex parts (215) are arranged at the end parts of the push rods (214), and chamfers are arranged on the edges of the two ends of the radial convex parts (215); the larva scraping mechanism comprises a scraper (341) which is attached to the lower end face of the knife plate (300) and is arranged in a reciprocating mode along the horizontal direction; the lower end of the knife board (300) is provided with a movable support (310), the movable support (310) is arranged in a reciprocating mode relative to the knife board (300) along the horizontal direction, the scraper (341) is installed on the movable support (310), the knife board (300) is further provided with a driving mechanism for driving the movable support (310) to slide, the driving mechanism comprises a connecting rod (312) hinged with the movable support (310), the connecting rod (312) is hinged with one end of a wrench (313), a rod body of the wrench (313) is hinged with the knife board (300), and the other end of the wrench (313) forms a handle part for being held by a human hand; the lower end of the knife board (300) is further provided with a second receiving disc (320), the second receiving disc (320) and the knife board (300) move synchronously, and the second receiving disc (320) is detachably connected with the knife board (300).
5. A royal jelly extractor according to claim 4, characterized in that: the scraper (341) is provided with second through holes (342) which are in one-to-one correspondence with the holes of the queen cell platforms (111), the pulp taking device comprises a groove body which is arranged below the second through holes (342), and the groove body and the scraper (341) jointly enclose a tubular container (340).
6. A royal jelly extractor according to claim 5, characterized in that: the first to fourth stations of the cam (230) are sequentially arranged in the circumferential direction of the cam (230).
7. The royal jelly extractor according to claim 6, wherein: the tubular container (340) is detachably arranged on the movable bracket (310).
CN201810690724.1A 2018-06-28 2018-06-28 Royal jelly taking machine Active CN108812439B (en)

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CN109622531B (en) * 2018-12-28 2021-02-02 正元合谷(北京)健康科技发展有限公司 Royal jelly bowl cleaning device in batches
CN109601429B (en) * 2018-12-28 2021-03-26 翟叙源 Royal jelly collecting and squeezing device
CN110140676A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-08-20 成都工业学院 A kind of royal jelly acquisition robot and royal jelly acquisition method
CN110432185B (en) * 2019-07-16 2020-08-25 江西农业大学 Automatic worm suction device of getting of royal jelly

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