CN108807048B - Plug-in device and plug-in method - Google Patents

Plug-in device and plug-in method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108807048B
CN108807048B CN201710288091.7A CN201710288091A CN108807048B CN 108807048 B CN108807048 B CN 108807048B CN 201710288091 A CN201710288091 A CN 201710288091A CN 108807048 B CN108807048 B CN 108807048B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
grabbing
key switch
loading
piece
feeding unit
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Active
Application number
CN201710288091.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108807048A (en
Inventor
陈家祺
杨晨佑
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Chicony Electronics Co Ltd
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Chicony Electronics Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710288091.7A priority Critical patent/CN108807048B/en
Publication of CN108807048A publication Critical patent/CN108807048A/en
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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H11/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for the manufacture of electric switches
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01HELECTRIC SWITCHES; RELAYS; SELECTORS; EMERGENCY PROTECTIVE DEVICES
    • H01H13/00Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch
    • H01H13/70Switches having rectilinearly-movable operating part or parts adapted for pushing or pulling in one direction only, e.g. push-button switch having a plurality of operating members associated with different sets of contacts, e.g. keyboard
    • H01H13/88Processes specially adapted for manufacture of rectilinearly movable switches having a plurality of operating members associated with different sets of contacts, e.g. keyboards
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K3/00Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits
    • H05K3/30Assembling printed circuits with electric components, e.g. with resistor

Abstract

The application discloses a card inserting device and a card inserting method. The first feeding unit conveys a key switch, and the key switch comprises an accommodating cavity. The second supply unit delivers a light emitting member. The loading device is connected between the first feeding unit and the second feeding unit and can receive the key switch and the luminous element, and the loading device loads and accommodates the luminous element in the accommodating cavity of the key switch. The grabbing head comprises a grabbing device and a grabbing piece, the grabbing head can be close to the loading device, the grabbing device can grab the key switch, and the grabbing piece can grab the luminous piece. The invention can greatly simplify the plug-in process and save the equipment cost.

Description

Plug-in device and plug-in method
Technical Field
The present invention relates to a plug-in device, and more particularly, to a plug-in device and a plug-in method for a keyboard.
Background
In the manufacturing process of the mechanical keyboard, a plug-in process is generally required, for example, the mechanical switch is inserted into the circuit board to combine the mechanical switch with the circuit board. In order to increase the speed of the insertion, an automatic insertion device is developed in the market to replace the traditional manual insertion operation mode.
For the light-emitting keyboard, in the plug-in process, the switches and the light-emitting components are respectively plugged into the circuit board through different plug-in devices, for example, after the switches are plugged into the circuit board one by one through one plug-in device, the light-emitting components are plugged into the circuit board one by one through another plug-in device. Or, after the light-emitting pieces are inserted into the circuit board one by one, the switches are inserted into the circuit board one by one, so that the known plug-in process has the problems of complicated procedures and the need of setting a plurality of plug-in devices.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above, in one embodiment, a card insertion apparatus is provided, which includes a first supply unit, a second supply unit, a loading device, and a gripper head. The first feeding unit conveys a key switch, and the key switch comprises an accommodating cavity. The second supply unit delivers a light emitting member. The loading device is connected between the first feeding unit and the second feeding unit and can receive the key switch and the luminous element, and the loading device loads and accommodates the luminous element in the accommodating cavity of the key switch. The grabbing head comprises a grabbing device and a grabbing piece, the grabbing head can be close to the loading device, the grabbing device can grab the key switch, and the grabbing piece can grab the luminous piece.
Furthermore, the device also comprises a workbench, wherein the workbench is provided with an insert position, the grabbing head can also approach the insert position and release the key switch by the grabbing device, and the grabbing device can release the luminous piece together.
Furthermore, the grabbing device comprises a cover and an evacuation tube, and the evacuation tube is communicated with the interior of the cover.
Further, the cover includes a top wall, and the grasping member protrudes through the top wall and into the cover.
Further, the gripping member is a vacuum nozzle.
Furthermore, the grabbing device comprises an accommodating groove, the accommodating groove comprises a first side wall and a second side wall which are opposite, the first side wall comprises an elastic piece, and the elastic piece provides an elastic force to enable the first side wall and the second side wall to jointly form an elastic clamping force.
Furthermore, the loading device includes a sliding block and a sliding chute, the sliding block is provided with a bearing area, the sliding block slides between a first position and a second position relative to the sliding chute, wherein the first position is the discharging position of the key switch corresponding to the first feeding unit in the bearing area, and the second position is the discharging position of the luminescent piece corresponding to the second feeding unit in the bearing area.
Furthermore, the loading device further comprises a lifting table for loading the light-emitting piece into the accommodating cavity of the key switch.
Furthermore, the lifting platform is lower than the sliding block, the bearing area of the sliding block is provided with a limiting groove, and the bottom of the limiting groove is also provided with a hollow groove corresponding to the lifting platform.
In one embodiment, a method of plugging is provided comprising the steps of: a first feeding unit transmits a key switch to a loading device, wherein the key switch comprises an accommodating cavity and a grabbing step: moving a grabbing head to approach the loading device, wherein the grabbing head comprises a grabbing device and a grabbing piece, and grabbing the key switch by the grabbing device, and feeding: a second feeding unit for transmitting a light emitting element to the loading device, the loading step: the loading device loads the luminous piece to be contained in a containing cavity of the key switch and the holding step: the light emitting member is grasped by the grasping member of the grasping head.
In another embodiment, a method of plugging is provided comprising the steps of: a first feeding unit transmits a key switch to a loading device, and a second feeding unit transmits a light-emitting component to the loading device, wherein the key switch comprises an accommodating cavity and the loading step comprises the following steps: the loading device loads the luminous piece to be contained in a containing cavity of the key switch, and the capturing step comprises the following steps: moving a grabbing head to approach the loading device, wherein the grabbing head comprises a grabbing device and a holding part, the grabbing device grabs the key switch, and the holding part grabs the luminous part.
Further, still include:
a plug-in step: moving the grabbing head to approach a plug-in position, releasing the key switch by the grabbing device, and releasing the luminous piece by the grabbing piece.
Furthermore, the grabbing device in the grabbing step comprises a cover and a vacuum tube, and the vacuum tube is communicated with the inside of the accommodating groove.
Furthermore, the grabbing device in the grabbing step comprises an accommodating groove which is correspondingly sleeved in the key switch, the accommodating groove comprises a first side wall and a second side wall which are opposite, the first side wall comprises an elastic piece, and the elastic piece provides an elastic force to enable the first side wall and the second side wall to jointly form an elastic clamping force to clamp the key switch.
Furthermore, the loading device in the feeding step includes a sliding block and a sliding chute, the sliding block is provided with a bearing area, the sliding block slides between a first position and a second position relative to the sliding chute, the first position is the discharging position of the key switch corresponding to the first feeding unit in the bearing area, and the second position is the discharging position of the luminescent piece corresponding to the second feeding unit in the bearing area.
Furthermore, the loading device in the loading step further comprises a lifting table for loading the luminescent piece into the accommodating cavity of the key switch.
Further, the gripping member in the gripping step is a vacuum nozzle.
In summary, according to the plug-in device and the plug-in method of the embodiment of the invention, in the plug-in process, the loading device can load and accommodate the luminous element in the accommodating cavity of the key switch, so that the key switch and the luminous element can be centralized at one position, and the grabbing head comprises the grabbing device and the holding part, so that when the grabbing head moves to approach the loading device, the grabbing head can grab the key switch and the luminous element together, so that the grabbing head can subsequently insert the key switch and the luminous element into the corresponding workpiece (such as a circuit board or a bottom board of a keyboard) at the same time, thereby greatly simplifying the plug-in process and saving the device cost.
Drawings
Other features, objects and advantages of the present application will become more apparent upon reading of the following detailed description of non-limiting embodiments thereof, made with reference to the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 is a perspective view of one embodiment of a card apparatus provided by embodiments of the present invention;
FIG. 2 is a partial top view of one embodiment of a card apparatus provided by embodiments of the present invention;
FIG. 3 is a cross-sectional view A-A of FIG. 2;
FIG. 4 is a flowchart illustrating steps of a plug-in method according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 5 is a partial top view of an embodiment of a feeding step provided by embodiments of the present invention. (ii) a
FIG. 6 is a partial top view of another embodiment of a feeding step provided by embodiments of the present invention;
FIG. 7 is a cross-sectional view B-B of FIG. 6;
FIG. 8 is a cross-sectional view of one embodiment of a loading step and a grasping step provided in accordance with an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 9 is a cross-sectional view of one embodiment of a step of providing an insert according to embodiments of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of an insert step provided by an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 11 is a flowchart illustrating steps of another exemplary plug-in method according to an exemplary embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 12 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a grasping device according to an embodiment of the present invention;
fig. 13 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a grasping device according to an embodiment of the present invention.
[ notation ] to show
1 card device
2 working table
3 base plate
4 Assembly hole
10 first supply unit
11 push-button switch
111 accommodating cavity
12 vibration conveying track
20 second supply unit
21 luminous element
22 vibration conveying track
30 loading device
32 slide block
33 bearing zone
34 limiting groove
35 chute
36 lifting platform
40 grabbing head
41. 41A, 41B gripping device
42 cover
421 top wall
43 evacuation tube
44 receiving groove
45 first side wall
451 elastic member
452 free end
453 clamp pad
46 second side wall
461 elastic element
462 free end
463 clamping pad
47 gripping member
48 vacuum suction head
49 grab
S1 feeding step
S2 grabbing step
S3 feeding step
S4 Loading step
S5 grasping step
S6 plug-in step
S7 feeding step
S8 Loading step
S9 grabbing step
And S10 plug-in step.
Detailed Description
The present application will be described in further detail with reference to the following drawings and examples. It is to be understood that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the relevant invention and not restrictive of the invention. It should be noted that, for convenience of description, only the portions related to the present invention are shown in the drawings.
It should be noted that the embodiments and features of the embodiments in the present application may be combined with each other without conflict. The present application will be described in detail below with reference to the embodiments with reference to the attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is a perspective view of an embodiment of the card insertion apparatus of the present invention, and fig. 2 is a partial plan view of the embodiment of the card insertion apparatus of the present invention. As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, the plug-in device 1 of the present embodiment is a keyboard plug-in machine. The card insertion device 1 comprises a first supply unit 10, a second supply unit 20, a loading device 30 and a gripper head 40, wherein the loading device 30 is connected between the first supply unit 10 and the second supply unit 20.
The first feeding unit 10 is used for automatically conveying the key switches 11, for example, in fig. 1, the first feeding unit 10 includes a vibration conveying track 12 extending along the Y-axis direction, wherein a row of key switches 11 is carried on the vibration conveying track 12, and the vibration conveying track 12 may be connected to an exciter (not shown) to vibrate the vibration conveying track 12 through the exciter, so as to move the row of key switches 11 toward the loading device 30. The vibration exciter can be in the forms of electric, electromagnetic, electrohydraulic, pneumatic or hydraulic according to different vibration exciting modes. In some embodiments, the first feeding unit 10 may also be other mechanical conveying devices, such as a belt conveyor, a roller conveyor, a robot arm, etc., and is not limited to the vibrating conveyor 12.
The second feeding unit 20 is used for automatically conveying the light emitting members 21 (such as LED lamps, halogen lamps, tungsten lamps, etc.), wherein the first feeding unit 10 and the second feeding unit 20 may be respectively located at the same or different height positions, and the feeding directions of the first feeding unit 10 and the second feeding unit 20 may be the same or different. For example, in fig. 1, the second feeding unit 20 includes a vibration conveying track 22 extending along the Y-axis direction, wherein a row of light emitting elements 21 is carried on the vibration conveying track 22, and the vibration conveying track 22 is also connected to the vibration exciter to move the row of light emitting elements 21 toward the loading device 30 by vibration, wherein the two vibration conveying tracks 12 and 22 are respectively located at two opposite sides of the loading device 30 and have an included angle of 180 degrees with each other, and the height position of the vibration conveying track 22 is lower than that of the vibration conveying track 12 to respectively convey the light emitting elements 21 and the key switches 11 to the loading device 30 from different directions. In some embodiments, the included angle between the two vibrating conveying rails 12 and 22 may be other angles (for example, 30 degrees, 60 degrees, or 90 degrees), and the embodiment is not limited.
As shown in fig. 2, in an embodiment, each of the key switches 11 may include a receiving cavity 111, and the loading device 30 is configured to receive the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 and load the light emitting element 21 into the receiving cavity 111 of the key switch 11, so that the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 can be collected together, as described in detail later.
As shown in fig. 1 and fig. 2, in the present embodiment, the loading device 30 may include a sliding block 32 and a sliding groove 35, wherein the sliding groove 35 extends along the X-axis direction and is adjacent to the first feeding unit 10, the sliding block 32 is disposed on the sliding groove 35 and can slide along the sliding groove 35, for example, the sliding block 32 may be connected to a pneumatic cylinder, an oil cylinder or an electric motor to push the sliding block 32 to slide relative to the sliding groove 35. The sliding block 32 is provided with a carrying area 33, and the sliding block 32 can slide to the discharging position of the key switch 11 of the first feeding unit 10, so that the first feeding unit 10 can convey the key switch 11 to the carrying area 33 of the sliding block 32.
Fig. 3 is a sectional view taken along a-a of fig. 2, and as shown in fig. 3, the loading device 30 may include a lifting table 36, wherein a height position of the lifting table 36 is lower than a height position of the slide block 32, and the lifting table 36 corresponds to a discharging position of the light emitting member 21 of the second feeding unit 20 to receive the light emitting member 21 conveyed by the second feeding unit 20.
As shown in fig. 3, the grasping head 40 includes a grasping device 41 and a grasping member 47, wherein the grasping head 40 can approach the loading device 30 and grasp the key switch 11 with the grasping device 41, and grasp the luminous member 21 with the grasping member 47, so that the grasping head 40 can be moved subsequently to perform the insertion of the key switch 11 and the luminous member 21 simultaneously. As shown in fig. 2 and fig. 3, the gripping device 41 of the present embodiment includes a cover 42 and an evacuation tube 43, the evacuation tube 43 is connected to the interior of the cover 42 for evacuating the interior of the cover 42 through the evacuation tube 43 to generate a suction force, for example, the evacuation tube 43 can be connected to a vacuum pump or a pressure pump to generate a suction force to evacuate air. In some embodiments, the gripper 47 may be a suction head (e.g., a vacuum or magnetic suction head) or a chuck (e.g., a pneumatic, oil hydraulic, or electric chuck). For example, as shown in fig. 3, the gripping member 47 of the present embodiment is a vacuum suction head 48 and is located inside the housing 42, wherein the housing 42 includes a top wall 421, and the vacuum suction head 48 protrudes through the top wall 421 to the inside of the housing 42. The plug-in process is further described in detail below with reference to the drawings.
Fig. 4 is a flowchart illustrating steps of a plug-in method according to an embodiment of the present invention. Next, the card insertion device 1 of the foregoing embodiment will be described. The card inserting method of the present embodiment includes a feeding step S1, a grasping step S2, a feeding step S3, a loading step S4, a grasping step S5, and a card inserting step S6.
A feeding step S1: the first feeding unit 10 transfers the key switch 11 to the loading device 30. For example, as shown in fig. 5 and fig. 6, which are partial top views of an embodiment of the feeding step of the present invention, the components of the grabbing head 40 are omitted in this embodiment to clearly show the movement of the loading device 30, which will be described first. As shown in fig. 5, the sliding block 32 of the loading device 30 can slide to the discharging position of the key switch 11 of the first feeding unit 10, so that the first feeding unit 10 can transfer the key switch 11 to the carrying area 33 of the sliding block 32. Referring to fig. 2 and 5, in an embodiment, the bearing area 33 of the sliding block 31 may be provided with a limiting groove 34, so that the key switch 11 can be accommodated in the limiting groove 34 to be fixed, thereby preventing the key switch 11 from shaking and shifting during the movement of the sliding block 31. Next, referring to fig. 5 and 6, after the slide block 32 of the loading device 30 receives the key switch 11 transmitted by the first feeding unit 10, it can slide along the sliding slot 35 to the upper side of the lifting platform 36.
Grasping step S2: moving the pick-up head 40 close to the loading device 30 and picking up the key switch 11 by the pick-up device 41, for example, as shown in fig. 7, which is a cross-sectional view B-B of fig. 6, in an embodiment, the pick-up head 40 may be connected to a driving member (such as a motor, a slide rail or a robot arm, which is not shown in the figure) to drive the pick-up head 40 to move by the driving member, the pick-up head 40 may first move to above the key switch 11 carried by the loading device 30, then move downward close to the loading device 30 to be able to sleeve the key switch 11 with the cover 42, and the vacuum tube 43 is used to draw a vacuum inside the cover 42 to generate a suction force to suck the key switch 11.
Feeding step S3: the second supply unit 20 delivers a light emitting member 21 to the loading device 30. For example, referring to fig. 3 and 7, in an embodiment, the lifting platform 36 of the loading device 30 may correspond to the discharging position of the light emitting element 21 of the second feeding unit 20, so that the light emitting element 21 can be conveyed onto the lifting platform 36, and the carrying area 33 of the sliding block 32 of the loading device 30 is located above the light emitting element 21.
Loading step S4: the loading device 30 loads and accommodates the light emitting element 21 in the accommodating cavity 111 of the key switch 11. For example, referring to fig. 7 and 8, in the present embodiment, a hollow-out groove 341 is further formed at the bottom of the limiting groove 34 of the slider 32 to correspond to the lifting table 36, and when the lifting table 36 receives the light-emitting element 21, the light-emitting element 21 can move upward to approach the slider 32, so that the light-emitting element 21 passes through the limiting groove 34 to be loaded and accommodated in the accommodating cavity 111 of the key switch 11, and the key switch 11 and the light-emitting element 21 can be centralized at one location. In one embodiment, the lift table 36 may be coupled to a pneumatic cylinder, hydraulic cylinder, or electric motor to raise and lower relative to the slide 32. In some embodiments, the loading device 30 can also transport the illuminating element 21 to be loaded into the receiving cavity 111 of the key switch 11 by other automated equipment (e.g., a robot arm), and is not limited to the lifting platform 36.
Gripping step S5: the gripper 47 of the gripper head 40 grips the luminous element 21. As shown in fig. 8, after the pick-up head 40 is sleeved into the key switch 11 by the cover 42 (as the pick-up step S2), the vacuum suction head 48 (i.e. the grasping member 47) of the pick-up head 40 can correspondingly penetrate into the receiving cavity 111 of the key switch 11 to correspondingly be above the lifting platform 36, so that when the lifting platform 36 moves up to load the light emitting member 21 into the receiving cavity 111 of the key switch 11, the light emitting member 21 can correspondingly approach or touch the vacuum suction head 48, at this time, the vacuum suction head 48 can be driven to generate suction force to grasp the light emitting member 21, and thus, the pick-up head 40 can respectively grasp the key switch 11 and the light emitting member 21 together with the vacuum suction head 48 by the grasping device 41 and the vacuum suction head 48.
Plug-in step S6: the gripper head 40 is moved close to a plug-in position and the pushbutton switch 11 is released by the gripper device 41 and the luminous element 21 is released by the gripper element 47. For example, referring to fig. 1, 9 and 10, after the pick-up head 40 grasps the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 together, the pick-up head 40 is moved away from the loading device 30 to separate the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 from the loading device 30 (as shown in fig. 9), then the pick-up head 40 is moved above a worktable 2 to be positioned on the mounting hole 4 corresponding to a substrate 3 (such as a circuit board or a bottom board of a keyboard) (as shown in fig. 1), and finally the pick-up head 40 is moved downward to insert the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 into the mounting hole 4 simultaneously (as shown in fig. 10, i.e. a plug-in position), and the suction force of the vacuum tube 43 and the vacuum suction head 48 is released to release the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 together to complete the plug-in operation.
To sum up, in the plug-in process of the embodiment of the present invention, the loading device 30 can load and accommodate the light emitting element 21 in the accommodating cavity 111 of the key switch 11, so that the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 can be centralized at one location, and the grabbing head 40 includes a grabbing device 41 and a grasping element 47, so that when the grabbing head 40 moves close to the loading device 30, the grabbing head can grab the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 together, so that the grabbing head 40 can subsequently insert the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 into corresponding workpieces (such as a circuit board or a bottom board of a keyboard) at the same time, thereby greatly simplifying the plug-in process.
FIG. 11 is a flowchart illustrating steps of another embodiment of the plug-in method of the present invention. The card inserting method of the present embodiment includes a feeding step S7, a loading step S8, a grasping step S9, and a card inserting step S10. The difference between this embodiment and the embodiment of fig. 4 is that the first feeding unit 10 is used to transport the key switch 11 to the loading device 30, the second feeding unit 20 is used to transport the light emitting element 21 to the loading device 30 (feeding step S7), then the loading device 30 is used to load the light emitting element 21 into the receiving cavity 111 of the key switch 11 (loading step S8), and then the grabbing head 40 is moved close to the loading device 30, so that the grabbing device 41 can grab the key switch 11 and the grabbing device 47 can grab the light emitting element 21 (grabbing step S9). In other words, in the present embodiment, the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 are collected together, and then the grabbing head 40 is moved to grab the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 together. Finally, the pick head 40 is moved to approach a plug-in position to release the key switch 11 and the light emitting element 21 together to complete the plug-in operation (plug-in step S10), thereby further simplifying the plug-in process.
Fig. 12 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a grasping device according to the present invention. The grasping apparatus 41A of the present embodiment includes a receiving groove 44, the receiving groove 44 includes a first sidewall 45 and a second sidewall 46 opposite to each other, at least one of the first sidewall 45 or the second sidewall 46 includes an elastic member, so as to provide an elastic force to form an elastic clamping force between the first sidewall 45 and the second sidewall 46. For example, in fig. 12, the first sidewall 45 and the second sidewall 46 respectively include elastic elements 451, 461, each of the elastic elements 451, 461 may be an elastic piece or an elastic arm, a top portion of the elastic element 451 is assembled (e.g., fastened by a screw) to an outer side of the first sidewall 45, a bottom portion of the elastic element 451 is not fixed to the first sidewall 45 to form a free end 452, and the free end 452 is provided with a clamping pad 453 such that the clamping pad 453 penetrates into the inner side of the receiving groove 44. The two elastic elements 451, 461 have the same structure, the top of the elastic element 461 is assembled (e.g. fastened by screws, glued or heat-melted) to the outer side of the second sidewall 46, the bottom of the elastic element 461 is not fixed to the second sidewall 46 to form a free end 462, and the free end 462 is provided with a clamping pad 463, and the clamping pad 463 penetrates into the inner side of the receiving groove 44. Therefore, when the gripper head 40 is moved close to the loading device 30 and the receiving groove 44 is sleeved in the key switch 11, the two elastic members 451, 461 can provide elastic force to clamp the key switch 11, so as to achieve the configuration of omitting the evacuation tube 43, and further simplify the plug-in process without driving a vacuum pump or a pressure pump to evacuate air.
Fig. 13 is a cross-sectional view of another embodiment of a grasping device according to the present invention. The grasping apparatus 41B of the present embodiment includes a pneumatic claw, an oil pressure claw, or an electric claw. As shown in fig. 13, the grasping device 41B includes a plurality of grippers 49 (here, two grippers 49), and the two grippers 49 may be connected to a pneumatic cylinder, a hydraulic cylinder, or an electric motor so that the two grippers 49 can be driven away from or close to each other to grip or release the key switch 11, respectively.
The above description is only a preferred embodiment of the application and is illustrative of the principles of the technology employed. It will be appreciated by a person skilled in the art that the scope of the invention as referred to in the present application is not limited to the embodiments with a specific combination of the above-mentioned features, but also covers other embodiments with any combination of the above-mentioned features or their equivalents without departing from the inventive concept. For example, the above features are interchangeable with technical features disclosed in this application (but not limited to) having similar functions.

Claims (16)

1. A card device comprising:
the first feeding unit conveys a key switch, and the key switch comprises an accommodating cavity;
a second feeding unit for feeding a light emitting member;
a working table, wherein the working table is provided with a plug-in position for the push-button switch and the luminous piece to be plugged in simultaneously;
the loading device is connected between the first feeding unit and the second feeding unit and can receive the key switch and the luminous element, and loads and accommodates the luminous element in the accommodating cavity of the key switch; and
and the grabbing head comprises a grabbing device and a grabbing piece, the grabbing head can be close to the loading device and grab the key switch by the grabbing device, and the grabbing piece is used for grabbing the luminous piece together, wherein the grabbing piece is positioned in the grabbing device, when the grabbing head is sleeved in the key switch, the grabbing piece correspondingly penetrates into the accommodating cavity of the key switch, and the grabbing head can also move downwards to be close to the plug-in position so as to simultaneously insert the key switch and the luminous piece into the plug-in position.
2. The card apparatus of claim 1 wherein the gripper head is further capable of accessing the card location and releasing the key switch with the gripper device, and releasing the glowing member with the gripper member.
3. The card assembly of claim 1 wherein the grasping means comprises a shroud and an evacuation tube in communication with the interior of the shroud.
4. The card device of claim 3 wherein the shroud includes a top wall, the catch extending through the top wall and projecting into the shroud.
5. The card apparatus of claim 4, wherein the gripping member is a vacuum nozzle.
6. The card apparatus of claim 1, wherein the grasping device comprises a receiving recess, the receiving recess comprising a first side wall and a second side wall opposite to the first side wall, the first side wall comprising a resilient member, the resilient member providing a resilient force to form a resilient clamping force between the first side wall and the second side wall.
7. The card insertion device according to claim 1, wherein the loading device further comprises a chute, and the slide block of the loading device slides relative to the chute between a first position and a second position, wherein the first position is a position where the loading area corresponds to the discharge position of the key switch of the first feeding unit, and the second position is a position where the loading area corresponds to the discharge position of the light emitting element of the second feeding unit.
8. The card apparatus of claim 7, wherein the loading device further comprises a lifting platform for loading the light emitting member into the receiving cavity of the key switch.
9. The card insertion apparatus according to claim 8, wherein the lifting platform is lower than the slider, the carrying region of the slider is provided with a limiting groove, and a hollow groove is formed at the bottom of the limiting groove to correspond to the lifting platform.
10. A method of plugging, comprising the steps of:
a material supply step: a first feeding unit transmits a key switch to a loading device, wherein the key switch comprises an accommodating cavity;
a grabbing step: moving a grabbing head to approach the loading device, wherein the grabbing head comprises a grabbing device and a grabbing piece, and the grabbing device grabs the key switch;
feeding: a second feeding unit for transmitting a light emitting element to the loading device;
a loading step: the loading device loads and accommodates the luminous element in the accommodating cavity of the key switch, wherein the loading device comprises a sliding block, the sliding block is provided with a bearing area, the bearing area is provided with a limiting groove, the sliding block receives the key switch transmitted by the first feeding unit, the bearing area of the sliding block can be oppositely positioned above the luminous element, and the luminous element penetrates through the bottom of the limiting groove to be loaded and accommodated in the accommodating cavity of the key switch; a grasping step: the grabbing piece of the grabbing head grabs the luminous piece, wherein the grabbing piece is positioned in the grabbing device, and after the grabbing head is sleeved in the key switch, the grabbing piece correspondingly penetrates into the accommodating cavity of the key switch; and
a plug-in step: the grabbing head is moved to be close to a plug-in position, the grabbing device releases the key switch, the grabbing device releases the light-emitting piece, and the grabbing device releases the light-emitting piece, so that the key switch and the light-emitting piece are simultaneously inserted into the plug-in position.
11. A method of plugging, comprising the steps of:
a material supply step: a first feeding unit transmits a key switch to a loading device, and a second feeding unit transmits a light-emitting component to the loading device, wherein the key switch comprises an accommodating cavity;
a loading step: the loading device loads and accommodates the luminous element in the accommodating cavity of the key switch, wherein the loading device comprises a sliding block, the sliding block is provided with a bearing area, the bearing area is provided with a limiting groove, the sliding block receives the key switch transmitted by the first feeding unit, the bearing area of the sliding block can be oppositely positioned above the luminous element, and the luminous element penetrates through the bottom of the limiting groove to be loaded and accommodated in the accommodating cavity of the key switch;
a grabbing step: moving a grabbing head to approach the loading device, wherein the grabbing head comprises a grabbing device and a grabbing piece, the grabbing device grabs the key switch, and the grabbing piece grabs the luminous piece, the grabbing piece is located in the grabbing device, and after the grabbing head is sleeved in the key switch, the grabbing piece correspondingly penetrates into the accommodating cavity of the key switch; and
a plug-in step: the grabbing head is moved to be close to a plug-in position, the grabbing device releases the key switch, the grabbing device releases the light-emitting piece, and the grabbing device releases the light-emitting piece, so that the key switch and the light-emitting piece are simultaneously inserted into the plug-in position.
12. The method according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the grasping device in the grasping step includes a receiving groove for receiving the key switch, and the grasping device in the grasping step further includes a cover and a vacuum tube, the vacuum tube being in communication with the receiving groove.
13. The method according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the grasping device in the grasping step includes a receiving recess for receiving the key switch, the receiving recess includes a first sidewall and a second sidewall opposite to the first sidewall, the first sidewall includes an elastic member, and the elastic member provides an elastic force to form an elastic clamping force between the first sidewall and the second sidewall to clamp the key switch.
14. The method according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the loading device in the feeding step further comprises a chute, and the slide of the loading device slides relative to the chute between a first position and a second position, the first position is where the loading area corresponds to the discharge of the key switch of the first feeding unit, and the second position is where the loading area corresponds to the discharge of the light-emitting member of the second feeding unit.
15. The method according to claim 10 or 11, wherein the loading device in the loading step further comprises a lifting platform for loading the light emitting element into the receiving cavity of the key switch.
16. The method of claim 10 or 11, wherein the gripping member in the grasping step is a vacuum tip.
CN201710288091.7A 2017-04-27 2017-04-27 Plug-in device and plug-in method Active CN108807048B (en)

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CN203529303U (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-04-09 江苏正通电子有限公司 Contact placing mechanism for automobile light knob switch elastic piece
CN103831835A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-06-04 东莞市楷德精密机械有限公司 Vacuum adsorption head and adsorption device with same
CN203840701U (en) * 2014-03-03 2014-09-17 技嘉科技股份有限公司 Automatic feeding machine used for carrying electronic part
CN105047454A (en) * 2013-11-19 2015-11-11 江苏正通电子有限公司 Automobile light knob switch elastic sheet contact automatic assembling method
CN105513863A (en) * 2016-02-04 2016-04-20 戴祖能 Automation equipment for assembling button switch
CN205303244U (en) * 2015-09-02 2016-06-08 东莞东聚电子电讯制品有限公司 Automatic switch plug -in components device in plug -in components equipment
CN105817873A (en) * 2016-05-23 2016-08-03 宁波新邦工具有限公司 Nut mounting station of quick joint automatic assembly machine

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202178939U (en) * 2011-07-26 2012-03-28 宗智辉 Automatic plug-in mechanism of electronic element scattered material automatic plug-in machine
CN203529303U (en) * 2013-11-19 2014-04-09 江苏正通电子有限公司 Contact placing mechanism for automobile light knob switch elastic piece
CN105047454A (en) * 2013-11-19 2015-11-11 江苏正通电子有限公司 Automobile light knob switch elastic sheet contact automatic assembling method
CN103831835A (en) * 2014-02-24 2014-06-04 东莞市楷德精密机械有限公司 Vacuum adsorption head and adsorption device with same
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