CN108806394A - A kind of piano playing software fingering display methods and fingering storage device - Google Patents

A kind of piano playing software fingering display methods and fingering storage device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108806394A
CN108806394A CN201810501130.1A CN201810501130A CN108806394A CN 108806394 A CN108806394 A CN 108806394A CN 201810501130 A CN201810501130 A CN 201810501130A CN 108806394 A CN108806394 A CN 108806394A
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China
Prior art keywords
fingering
storage device
unit
display
piano
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CN201810501130.1A
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Chinese (zh)
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朱风明
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朱风明
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Priority to CN201810501130.1A priority Critical patent/CN108806394A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G09EDUCATION; CRYPTOGRAPHY; DISPLAY; ADVERTISING; SEALS
    • G09BEDUCATIONAL OR DEMONSTRATION APPLIANCES; APPLIANCES FOR TEACHING, OR COMMUNICATING WITH, THE BLIND, DEAF OR MUTE; MODELS; PLANETARIA; GLOBES; MAPS; DIAGRAMS
    • G09B15/00Teaching music
    • G09B15/06Devices for exercising or strengthening fingers or arms; Devices for holding fingers or arms in a proper position for playing

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of piano playing software fingering display methods and fingering storage device, and the method comprising the steps of:Obtain the fingering attribute of note;Obtain fingering attribute mapped display properties;Obtain the area coordinate for representing the note;According to acquired area coordinate, acquired display properties is shown at the region.The fingering storage device, the storage device text editor, including:Staff number-mark unit is for identifying staff number;Finger mark unit is for identifying finger.The present invention can show that the corresponding fingering of note, fingering intuitive display mitigate eyes and brain burden in specific region, reduce learning difficulty, improve learning efficiency.And an approach for effectively exchanging piano fingering is provided for pianist, learner and Piano Teaching, make it possible that each first piano music there can be its fingering mark.

Description

A kind of piano playing software fingering display methods and fingering storage device
Technical field
The present invention relates to qins to compose fingering display field, and in particular on a kind of piano playing software the display methods of fingering and Corresponding fingering storage device.
Background technology
Currently, computer technology has penetrated into the every aspect of people's life, the study of piano is no exception.People exist When practicing on the piano, often by means of operate in PAD, computer, mobile phone, in the intelligent equipment such as piano and smart electronics piano Piano playing software.As shown in Figure 1, piano playing software can generally show the staff of played melody on the screen, it is happy Spectrum can be with performance page turning or rolling;It can also show fingerboard, prompt the corresponding button of note;Can also display reminding press qin The waterfall stream of key sequence and duration.Waterfall stream refers to a region on the screen, shows the rectangular blocks to fall successively.It is rectangular Long correspond to of the width of one piano key of wide correspondence of shape block, rectangular blocks presses key time span, right immediately below rectangle The key that should be played.When rectangular blocks drop to key below, key is pressed in expression at this time, and rectangular blocks top drops to qin When key, indicate to unclamp button;Generally with two different colour code rectangles, qin is pressed to distinguish left hand or the right hand Key.Player should see that top music score determines fingering, see that waterfall stream indicates again when playing, for beginner, eyes With brain heavy load, it is not easy to learning and mastering.
In addition, piano fingering is set of rule at present, for simple piano music, the finger of player is required not Height, different player's fingering are almost the same;And for the higher piano music of difficulty, due to player's finger condition and it is accustomed to not Together, play fingering will be different, and piano beginner is difficult to skillfully grasp.Moreover, at present piano playing or record music score it is soft Part can only mark a set of fingering with a piece of music, can not mark and record more set fingering;Mostly fingering input is in the happy symbol of input Afterwards, upper fingering is marked again near happy symbol by mouse drag or other more complicated man-machine interaction modes, fingering input needs Want a large amount of human-computer interaction, fingering input trouble is more time-consuming, also result in be unfamiliar with computation people's inputting fingering it is tired It is difficult.
Invention content
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides fingering display methods and the storage of corresponding fingering of a kind of piano playing software Device mitigates learning difficulty, improves learning efficiency.
The technical scheme is that:A kind of piano playing software fingering display methods, includes the following steps:
Obtain the fingering attribute of note;
Obtain fingering attribute mapped display properties;
Obtain the area coordinate for representing the note;
According to acquired area coordinate, acquired display properties is shown at the region.
Further, the piano playing software is stored with the display properties corresponding to fingering attribute.
Further, the display format of the display properties includes word, number, figure, picture.
Further, further include step:
Obtain the display mode of display properties.
Further, the region for representing note includes the rectangular blocks region, staff region, keyboard area of waterfall stream.
Technical scheme of the present invention further includes a kind of fingering storage device based on above-mentioned fingering display methods, storage dress It sets and uses text editor, including:
Staff number-mark unit:For identifying staff number;
Finger identifies unit:For identifying finger.
Further, further include:
Small section number identifies unit:For identifying small section number;
Right-hand man identifies unit:For identifying right-hand man.
Further, at least further include with one in lower unit:
Annotation unit:For being annotated to play fingering;
Placeholder cell:Happy symbol for marking not specified fingering.
Further, use " pfg " as the file name suffix of the storage device.
Further,
Staff number-mark unit is effective to all mark units thereafter, until it is single next staff mark occur Member;
One right-hand man identifies unit and identifies unit immediately following a finger, and the action scope that right-hand man identifies unit is thereafter The finger identifies unit.
The fingering display methods and fingering storage device of piano playing software provided by the invention, can be in specific region The corresponding fingering of (in such as rectangular blocks of waterfall stream, on staff, on piano key) display note, fingering intuitive display subtract Light eyes and brain burden, reduce learning difficulty, improve learning efficiency.Fingering storage device text editor, can be with It conveniently and efficiently creates, change, preserve, read, check and transmits;In addition, since this format is easily understood, input environment is wanted It asks extremely low, and can both fully enter, can also partly input the fingering of music for piano, to than other existing fingering label sides More quickly, efficiently, the computer operation Capability Requirement that operator is inputted to fingering is extremely low for method;And fingering is shown on staff, It is grasped convenient for beginner.Therefore the present invention provides one for pianist, learner and Piano Teaching and effectively exchanges The approach of piano fingering makes it possible that each first piano music can have its fingering mark.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 piano playing software screen display interface schematic diagrames.
Fig. 2 is one flow diagram of the specific embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 3 is that the specific embodiment of the invention one shows fingering category in waterfall stream rectangular blocks with the display mode of thumb The interface schematic diagram of property.
Fig. 4 is 8 brief summary music-book on pianoforte before 599 First of Che Erni etudes that note is marked without fingering.
Fig. 5 is 8 brief summary music-book on pianoforte before 599 First of Che Erni etudes that all notes are all marked with fingering.
Fig. 6 is 1,2,8 trifle note band fingering, and 5,6 trifle part note band fingering, 3,4,7 trifle notes are without fingering 599 First of Che Erni etudes before 8 brief summary music-book on pianoforte.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention will be described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and by specific embodiment, and following embodiment is to the present invention Explanation, and the invention is not limited in following implementation.
The piano playing software fingering display methods and fingering storage device of the present invention, fingering storage device store note Fingering attribute (i.e. the note is played with which finger) when fingering is shown, reads the fingering attribute in fingering storage device, will be every The fingering attribute of a note is mapped to its display properties (such as Chinese character, English, number, figure, image) in the area for representing note It is shown on domain (such as rectangular blocks of waterfall stream), fingering intuitive display facilitates study.
Embodiment one
As shown in Fig. 2, the present embodiment provides a kind of piano playing software fingering display methods, this method includes following step Suddenly:
S1:Obtain the fingering attribute of note.
Which played with finger it should be noted that the fingering attribute of note refers to the note, index finger, left hand such as the right hand Thumb etc..Each note corresponds to a fingering attribute.
Piano playing software prestores the fingering of music score using fingering storage device, by reading in fingering storage device Content obtaining fingering attribute.
S2:Obtain fingering attribute mapped display properties.
It should be noted that display properties refers to intuitively being shown fingering attribute with certain display mode.
The display mode of display properties can be word (containing foreign language), number, figure or picture etc., naturally it is also possible to use it His display mode intuitively shows different fingering attributes.It, can be in generation by taking the fingering attribute of note is thumb as an example One kind in the either types such as thumb, thumb, thumb, T, 1 or light blue vitta is shown on the region of the table note.Such as Fig. 3 institutes Show, to show the fingering attribute of note with the display mode of thumb in the rectangular blocks of waterfall stream.
Piano playing software can prestore the display properties corresponding to fingering attribute.
If display properties has multiple display modes, this method further includes step:
S2-1:Obtain the display mode of display properties.Which kind of display mode to be shown user can freely select with determination with Select display mode.
S3:Obtain the area coordinate for representing the note.
S4:According to acquired area coordinate, acquired display properties is shown at the region.
The region for representing note includes the rectangular blocks region, staff region, keyboard area of waterfall stream.The fingering of note Attribute can be shown on any region, also can all be shown in each region.The rectangular blocks being illustrated in figure 3 in waterfall stream are shown The mode of fingering attribute.
Embodiment two
The present embodiment provides piano playing fingering storage devices can be used windows behaviour for storing piano playing fingering Establishment can be opened by making such as notepad of the text editor in system etc., edited and checked.Storage content includes staff number It identifies unit, small section number mark unit, right-hand man's mark unit, finger and identifies unit.It may also include annotation unit and placeholder Unit.
1) staff number-mark unit:For identifying staff number.Specific its available " (number) " identifies five lines Spectrum number, such as " (1), (2), (3), (4) " are used as reserved word, and instruction upper and lower staff number, (1) indicates top staff Number, (2) indicate that time top staff number, (3), (4) are suitable for sequentially indicating that four hands connection plays other two row of staff, have The sequentially increase digital value of more market conditions;The reserved word is effective to all fingering thereafter, until there is next staff Number instruction.
2) small section number identifies unit:For identifying small section number.Specifically available "<Number>" the small section number of mark, such as "<1>,< 2>,<3>……<100>" etc. be used as reserved word, indicate small section number, the fingering number closely followed behind is first of the trifle Note.If fingering continuously inputs, small section number can be omitted.Small section number must be from<1>Start (even if music score is with incomplete small Section starts, which also calculates<1>Trifle), small section number<1>It can be omitted.
3) right-hand man identifies unit:For identifying right-hand man.Specific to identify left hand with letter L, R identifies the right hand, makees Only it is its latter fingering mark with domain.That is a right-hand man identifies unit and identifies unit, right-hand man's mark immediately following a finger The action scope of unit is finger mark unit thereafter.It is the right hand that top music score is implicit in staff, and lower section music score is implicit to be Left hand, implicit situation can be omitted, so distinguishing expression for non-implicit situation needs.
4) finger identifies unit:For identifying finger.Specific 1 mark thumb, 2 mark index fingers, 3 mark middle fingers, 4 marks The third finger, 5 identify little fingers of toe, and a digital representation plays it with finger of its representative and corresponds to happy accord with once.
5) annotation unit:For being annotated to play fingering.It is specific use symbol # or/be used as reserved word, expression to note It releases, terminates to be notes content from this # (or /) to current line.
6) placeholder cell:Happy symbol for marking not specified fingering.It is specific to use number 9 as reserved word, it indicates Placeholder, corresponding note do not specify fingering (note does not mark fingering on staff), when part inputting fingering to make With.
It should be noted that play sequence identical for the fingering sequence that number represents in the storage device and happy symbol, while bullet The note (chord) played, fingering sequence are arranged from low to high by happy symbol tone.
In order to establish the correspondence of fingering file and corresponding music score file, the filename of the storage device can be with music score text Part name is associated.Same head piano musics, different performance fingering should have different fingering files, be indicated with [annotation], i.e. fingering Storage file name=music score file name+[annotation], music score file name here does not include suffix;Annotation can be concert performer's name Word, fingering typing person name, can also be " big hand " or " small hand " etc., different play to distinguish same first piano music refers to Method.As " Cherny599_1 [part fingering-simplification] .pfg " indicates a fingering text of this music score file of Cherny599_1 Part, and indicate that the fingering file includes the part fingering that the music score simplifies.
The file name suffix of storage device can use " pfg ", naturally it is also possible to which it is English piano to use other suffix, pfg The abbreviation of fingering.
Piano playing software utilizes the fingering display methods of embodiment one, reads the interior of the present embodiment fingering storage device Hold, fingering attribute is shown.Illustrate by taking 8 brief summary music-book on pianoforte before 599 First of Che Erni etudes as an example, piano playing Software with the display mode of number, shows the fingering attribute of the music score above staff.It is illustrated in figure 4 piano practice dress Set the music score that shown note is marked without fingering.
Entitled " [1-8 is small by Cherny599_1 for the organizer program notepad establishment files that can use first in windows Save fingering] .pfg " fingering storage files, file content is as follows:
#Cherny599_1
#1-8 trifle fingering
# is played:Li Si creates:Zhang San, 2017.8.30
(1)<1>R1 <2>R2R3 <3>R1 <4>R2R3 <5>R1R3 <6>R5R4 <7>R3R2 <8>R1
(2)<1>L5L3 <2>L1 <3>L5L3 <4>L1 <5>L5 <6>L3L2 <7>L1L2 <8>L3
First three rows are started with #, are notes content, and fourth line is the fingering of top staff, corresponding happy symbol CDECDECEGFEDC, fifth line are the fingering of lower section staff, corresponding happy symbol CEGCEGCEFGFE.
Further, to this first piano music, the L and R of right-hand man are identified, it is convenient to omit.Due to fingering be from the first trifle, First happy symbol input, and be continuously to input, all small section numbers can be omitted.New fingering storage text can thus be created Part " Cherny599_1 [1-8 trifles fingering-simplification] .pfg ", file content is as follows:
#Cherny599_1,
#1-8 trifle fingering
# simplifies small section number, right-hand man's mark
# is played:Li Si creates:Zhang San, 2017.8.30
(1)1 23 1 23 13 54 32 1
(2)53 1 53 1 5 32 12 3
It is illustrated in figure 5 the Che Erni etudes 599 first that the design of musical notes on staff of Piano exerciser is all marked with fingering 8 brief summary music-book on pianoforte before head.The reading unit of Piano exerciser reads the fingering storage file of above-mentioned simplification or non-reduced, knows Other unit identifies that first three behavior notes content, fourth line are whole fingering of top staff, and fifth line is lower section staff Whole fingering, the staff fingering that then display unit will identify that is shown on staff.
Alternatively, it is also possible to storage section fingering, fingering storage file " Cherny599_1 [part fingering] .pfg " is created, File content is as follows:
#Cherny599_1
#1-2,5-6,8 trifle fingering
# is created:King five, 2017.8.30
(1)<1>R1 <2>R2R3 <5>R9R3 <6>R9R4 <8>R1
(2)<1>L5L3 <2>L1 <5>L5 <6>L3L2 <8>L3
It can be reduced to file " Cherny599_1 [part fingering-simplification] .pfg ", and file content is as follows:
#Cherny599_1
#1-2,5-6,8 trifle fingering
# simplifies small section number, right-hand man's mark
# is created:King five, 2017.8.30
(1)1 23<5>93 94<8>1
(2)53 1<5>5 32<8>3
1,2,8 trifle note band fingering are illustrated in figure 6,5,6 trifle part note band fingering, 3,4,7 trifle notes are not 8 brief summary music-book on pianoforte before 599 First of Che Erni etudes with fingering.The reading unit of Piano exerciser reads above-mentioned letter Change or the fingering storage file of non-reduced, recognition unit identify that first three behavior notes content, fourth line are top staff Part fingering, fifth line are the part fingering of lower section staff, and the staff fingering that then display unit will identify that is shown in On staff.
Disclosed above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, but the present invention is not limited to this, any this field What technical staff can think does not have a creative variation, and without departing from the principles of the present invention made by several improvement and Retouching, should all be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of piano playing software fingering display methods, which is characterized in that include the following steps:Obtain the fingering category of note Property;
Obtain fingering attribute mapped display properties;
Obtain the area coordinate for representing the note;
According to acquired area coordinate, acquired display properties is shown at the region.
2. piano playing software fingering display methods according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the piano playing software It is stored with the display properties corresponding to fingering attribute.
3. piano playing software fingering display methods according to claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the display properties Display format include word, number, figure, picture.
4. piano playing software fingering display methods according to claim 3, which is characterized in that further include step:
Obtain the display mode of display properties.
5. piano playing software fingering display methods according to claim 1,2 or 4, which is characterized in that represent note Region includes the rectangular blocks region, staff region, keyboard area of waterfall stream.
6. a kind of fingering storage device based on any one of the claim 1-5 fingering display methods, which is characterized in that this is deposited Storage device text editor, including:
Staff number-mark unit:For identifying staff number;
Finger identifies unit:For identifying finger.
7. fingering storage device according to claim 6, which is characterized in that further include:Small section number identifies unit:For marking Know small section number;
Right-hand man identifies unit:For identifying right-hand man.
8. the fingering storage device described according to claim 6 or 7, which is characterized in that at least further include with one in lower unit It is a:
Annotation unit:For being annotated to play fingering;
Placeholder cell:Happy symbol for marking not specified fingering.
9. fingering storage device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that use " pfg " as the file of the storage device Name suffix.
10. fingering storage device according to claim 9, which is characterized in that staff number-mark unit is to thereafter All mark units are effective, until next staff occur identifies unit;
One right-hand man identifies unit and identifies unit immediately following a finger, and the action scope that right-hand man identifies unit is the hand thereafter Index knows unit.
CN201810501130.1A 2018-05-23 2018-05-23 A kind of piano playing software fingering display methods and fingering storage device Pending CN108806394A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110544411A (en) * 2019-09-03 2019-12-06 玖月音乐科技(北京)有限公司 staff fingering quick marking method and system

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101814247A (en) * 2009-12-12 2010-08-25 张汉钟 Comprehensive prompting method for teaching of fingering instruments such as piano and the like
US7897861B2 (en) * 2009-02-26 2011-03-01 Delong Mark Lee Easy visual training templates to teach piano scale fingering sequences
CN202042072U (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-11-16 邓江涵 Piano learning machine
KR20120034486A (en) * 2010-10-01 2012-04-12 김부전 Keyboard apparatus for music lesson

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US7897861B2 (en) * 2009-02-26 2011-03-01 Delong Mark Lee Easy visual training templates to teach piano scale fingering sequences
CN101814247A (en) * 2009-12-12 2010-08-25 张汉钟 Comprehensive prompting method for teaching of fingering instruments such as piano and the like
KR20120034486A (en) * 2010-10-01 2012-04-12 김부전 Keyboard apparatus for music lesson
CN202042072U (en) * 2011-04-07 2011-11-16 邓江涵 Piano learning machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110544411A (en) * 2019-09-03 2019-12-06 玖月音乐科技(北京)有限公司 staff fingering quick marking method and system

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