CN108792975A - A kind of space netting closing device - Google Patents

A kind of space netting closing device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108792975A
CN108792975A CN201811017928.5A CN201811017928A CN108792975A CN 108792975 A CN108792975 A CN 108792975A CN 201811017928 A CN201811017928 A CN 201811017928A CN 108792975 A CN108792975 A CN 108792975A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
motor
transmission gear
output shaft
reel
closing device
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201811017928.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN108792975B (en
Inventor
刘志
赵真
吴迪平
肖余之
马佳
靳宗向
黄树勇
刘珠煜
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Shanghai Aerospace System Engineering Institute
Original Assignee
Shanghai Aerospace System Engineering Institute
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Priority to CN201811017928.5A priority Critical patent/CN108792975B/en
Publication of CN108792975A publication Critical patent/CN108792975A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN108792975B publication Critical patent/CN108792975B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/60Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans adapted for special purposes
    • B66D1/74Capstans
    • B66D1/7405Capstans having two or more drums providing tractive force
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B64AIRCRAFT; AVIATION; COSMONAUTICS
    • B64GCOSMONAUTICS; VEHICLES OR EQUIPMENT THEREFOR
    • B64G4/00Tools specially adapted for use in space
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/02Driving gear
    • B66D1/12Driving gear incorporating electric motors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/60Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans adapted for special purposes
    • B66D1/74Capstans
    • B66D1/7463Accessories
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/60Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans adapted for special purposes
    • B66D1/74Capstans
    • B66D1/7484Details concerning gearing arrangements, e.g. multi-speed
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B66HOISTING; LIFTING; HAULING
    • B66DCAPSTANS; WINCHES; TACKLES, e.g. PULLEY BLOCKS; HOISTS
    • B66D1/00Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans
    • B66D1/60Rope, cable, or chain winding mechanisms; Capstans adapted for special purposes
    • B66D1/74Capstans
    • B66D1/7489Capstans having a particular use, e.g. rope ascenders

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of space netting closing devices, including take-up unit, supply control unit and structure housing;Take-up unit includes:First motor, first motor include the first output shaft, and the first reel, the first transmission gear and the first ratchet mechanism are provided on the first output shaft;Second motor, second motor includes the second output shaft, the second reel, the second transmission gear and the second ratchet mechanism are provided on the second output shaft, second transmission gear matches with the first transmission gear position, and be sequentially connected, i.e. the second transmission gear and the first transmission gear can provide mutually rotational power;Supply control unit includes power supply and control circuit board, and power supply provides electric energy for first motor and the second motor, and control circuit board is used to control the working condition of power supply and motor;The outside in take-up unit and supply control unit is arranged in structure housing, be provided at the corresponding shell of reel one for rope by line outlet.

Description

A kind of space netting closing device
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of space application, more particularly to a kind of closing in for space netting capture systems fills It sets.
Background technology
Space netting is a kind of new spatial manipulation concept proposed in recent years, and mode phase is arrested with traditional manipulator Than netting acquisition mode is big with capture accommodation, engagement range is remote, influences small, safe, consumption to carrier spacecraft The advantages that little energy.
It is to prevent closing device from rotation occurs in actual use, two motors of generally use rotate backward common work With, but the realization of this method accurately controls steering and the rotating speed of motor mainly by circuit design in the prior art, thus increase The complexity for having added circuit adds somewhat to the risk of failure;Also, since two motors are independent of one another, when it In one break down, then one of bobbin winder device is stopped, but be susceptible to closing device occur rotation the problem of.
Invention content
The present invention provides a kind of space netting closing device, to solve the complicated journey because increasing circuit in the prior art Degree, adds somewhat to the risk of failure, when one of them breaks down, and one of bobbin winder device is stopped, and holds Easily there is the problem of rotation occurs for closing device.
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of space netting closing device, including take-up unit, supply control unit and structure housing;The take-up list Member includes:
First motor, the first motor include the first output shaft, and the first coiling is provided on first output shaft Wheel, the first transmission gear and the first ratchet mechanism;
Second motor, second motor include the second output shaft, and the second coiling is provided on second output shaft Wheel, the second transmission gear and the second ratchet mechanism, second transmission gear match with first transmission gear position, And be sequentially connected, i.e., described second transmission gear can provide mutually rotational power with first transmission gear;
The supply control unit includes power supply and control circuit board, and the power supply is the first motor and described the Two motors provide electric energy, and the control circuit board is used to control the working condition of the power supply and motor;
The outside in the take-up unit and the supply control unit, the reel pair is arranged in the structure housing Be provided at the shell answered one for rope by line outlet.
In certain embodiments, the first motor is axially arranged in parallel with second motor, and described first passes Moving gear is connected by meshing transmission with second transmission gear.
In certain embodiments, the first motor is axially arranged in series with second motor, and described first passes Moving gear is sequentially connected between being engaged with second transmission gear by an idle pulley.
In certain embodiments, when first reel is identical as the second coiling wheel speed, take-up speed It is identical.
In certain embodiments, first reel and second reel, the first motor with it is described Second motor, first transmission gear are identical as the specification of the second transmission gear.
In certain embodiments, the control circuit board further includes an electric connector, the electric connector respectively with The power supply is connected with spacecraft, for realizing communication function between control circuit board, power supply and spacecraft.Generally use aviation Plug or aerospace plug.
In certain embodiments, the power supply uses lithium battery, chemical cell or ultracapacitor, electric in order to control Road plate and motor provide electric energy.
In certain embodiments, selected motor includes but not limited to brushed DC motor, brshless DC motor or super Sound wave motor.
In certain embodiments, the first motor and second motor are double output shaft, reel, driving cog Wheel and ratchet mechanism are arranged at the both ends of the double output shaft.
In certain embodiments, the first motor and second motor are single output shaft, reel, driving cog Wheel and ratchet mechanism are arranged in the upper of single output shaft.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, it is made to have the advantages that compared with prior art:
(1) present apparatus includes two groups of reels that two motors are separately connected, and the steering of two groups of motors is on the contrary, avoid closing up Rotation occurs for device;And the second transmission gear on motor matches with the first transmission gear position, by directly engaging or passing Moving gear is sequentially connected so that the second transmission gear and the first transmission gear can provide mutually rotational power, even if wherein The failures such as power-off occur for one motor, still can serve as power source by another motor, pass through meshed gears or drive gears Dynamic faulty motor rotation, ensures that two groups of reels rotate backward simultaneously, prevents closing device from rotation occurs.
(2) two groups of motors of this programme are connected by gear keeps velocity of rotation and direction, effectively saving the complexity of circuit board Degree, the failure problems for avoiding excessively accurate complexity that equipment is caused to easy to produce.
(3) this programme flexible design can fully consider that the structure of used environmental aspect adjustment closing device, motor are adopted Axial parallel connection mode both may be used and be distributed with patrilineal line of descent with only one son in each generation moving axis or twopiece drive shaft, the position of motor, axial string can also be used The mode of connection is distributed, simple in structure flexible, is fully adapted to the structure situation of a variety of spacecrafts.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is closing device structural schematic diagram in an alternate embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the take-up cellular construction schematic diagram of motor arranged in series in an alternate embodiment of the present invention;
Label declaration
100- take-ups unit, 101- motors, 102- reels, 103- gears, 104- ratchets, 105- close up rope, Reels of the 106- with gear, 107- idle pulleys;
200- supply control units, 201- power supplys, 202- control circuit boards, 203- connectors;
300- structure housings, 301- mechanical joints.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the foregoing objectives, features and advantages of the present invention clearer and more comprehensible, below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings to the present invention Specific implementation mode be described in detail.
Many details are elaborated in the following description in order to fully understand the present invention.But the present invention can be with Much implement different from other manner described here, those skilled in the art can be without prejudice to intension of the present invention the case where Under do similar popularization, therefore the present invention is not limited to the specific embodiments disclosed below.
Embodiment 1
Referring to Fig. 1, a kind of space netting closing device, including take-up unit, supply control unit and structure housing, Wherein, take-up unit includes first motor and the second motor, and first motor includes the first output shaft, is arranged on the first output shaft There are the first reel, the first transmission gear and the first ratchet mechanism;Second motor includes the second output shaft, in the second output shaft On be provided with the second reel, the second transmission gear and the second ratchet mechanism, the second transmission gear and the first transmission gear position It sets and matches;First motor and the axial fixed setting in parallel of the second motor, the second transmission gear and the first transmission gear are all passing The same end side of moving axis, two transmission gears are connected by meshing transmission, and when first motor and the rotation of the second motor, two groups of motors can lead to It crosses transmission gear and rotational power is provided mutually.
The supply control unit includes power supply and control circuit board, and described is the first motor and described second Motor provides electric energy, and the control circuit board is used to control the working condition of the power supply and motor.
The outside in the take-up unit and the supply control unit, the reel pair is arranged in the structure housing Be provided at the shell answered one for rope by line outlet.
Specifically, two 100 Alignments of take-up unit have identical structure and specification, rotating part inertia phase Together;The gear 103 of two take-up units 100 is intermeshed, can mutually opposing, synchronized rotation.In take-up, two electricity On the contrary, i.e. a motor rotates forward, another motor rotates backward the rotation direction (being reference with 101 ontology of motor) of machine 101.Cause This, in rotation process, opposing torque direction that the rotating parts of 2 take-up units 100 generates on the contrary, equal in magnitude, according to The law of conservation of momentum, entire closing device will not spin.
The ratchet 104 can effective lock out motor 101 output shaft, and then lock reel 102, make reel 102 The rope 105 that closes up only is collapsed in one direction, and cannot be rotated backward, which belongs to common form in machinery, herein no longer It repeats.
The closing in rope 105 is connected by 300 Top Leading-out Hole of structure housing with reel 102, in structure housing 300 Provided with 2 symmetrical line outlets.
Further, under the premise of meeting requirement, selected motor 101 include but not limited to brushed DC motor, Brshless DC motor and supersonic motor etc..
Optionally, the take-up unit 100 can also use motor and reducer group mode, to reach scheduled turn Square and rotating speed requirement.
Optionally, single output shaft, corresponding ratchet 104, gear 103 and coiling can be used in the motor 101 of take-up unit 100 Wheel 102 is arranged in the same side, and is coaxially connected with 101 output shaft end of motor.
The supply control unit 200 is powered for realizing motor 101 and motion control.Wherein, the power supply 201 Using lithium battery, chemical cell or ultracapacitor etc., circuit board 202 and motor 101 electric energy can be provided in order to control;The control Circuit board 202 processed is the component for realizing the control of 101 timed motion of motor, i.e., instruction control motor fortune is sent out at the time of suitable It is dynamic, while receiving the control instruction or signal of spacecraft;Electric connector 203 for realizing control circuit board 202, power supply 201 with The purposes such as communication, power supply, generally use aviation plug or aerospace plug between spacecraft.Supply control unit 200 and electricity Cable connection is used between machine 101, realizes power supply and communication.
Embodiment 2
Referring to Fig. 2, the figure is the structural schematic diagram of another embodiment of the present invention, and in the structure, two take-up units It is fixed inside structure housing for axial series mode, the reel 106 with gear, the band is used in the present embodiment The reel 106 of gear realizes the synchronized rotation between two motors 101 by the idle pulley 107 of two bevel gear forms.Take-up 100 embodiment of unit can also realize the constant velocity rotation of two motors 101 and transmission.In take-up, the rotation side of two motors 101 It is identical to (being reference with 101 ontology of motor), i.e., it rotates forward or rotates backward simultaneously simultaneously.
The structure can save width direction occupied space, and the setting side of different structure is selected according to the design feature of aircraft Formula.Closing device provided by the present invention need not be adopted by introducing pitch wheel 103 between take-up unit 100 Speed Collaborative Control is carried out with two motors 101 of circuit board pair, can both reduce the complexity of control circuit, additionally it is possible in an electricity When machine failure (such as winding open circuit), the rotation take-up at the same speed of two reels 102 is realized by the driving of another motor, avoiding closing up fills Set generation rotation.
Using the present invention, control circuit complexity is not only effectively reduced, can also be engaged by gear has machinery same Step ability has certain redundancy feature, and configuration is simple, reliable operation, light weight, has economy and versatility.
Although the present invention is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, it is not for limiting claim, any this field Technical staff without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, can make possible variation and modification, therefore the present invention Protection domain should be subject to the range that the claims in the present invention are defined.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of space netting closing device, which is characterized in that including take-up unit, supply control unit and structure housing; The take-up unit includes:
First motor, the first motor include the first output shaft, and the first reel, the are provided on first output shaft One transmission gear and the first ratchet mechanism;
Second motor, second motor include the second output shaft, and the second reel, the are provided on second output shaft Two transmission gears and the second ratchet mechanism, second transmission gear match with first transmission gear position, and pass Dynamic connection, i.e., described second transmission gear can provide mutually rotational power with first transmission gear;
The supply control unit includes power supply and control circuit board, and the power supply is the first motor and second electricity Machine provides electric energy, and the control circuit board is used to control the working condition of the power supply and motor;
The outside in the take-up unit and the supply control unit is arranged in the structure housing, and the reel is corresponding Be provided at shell one for rope by line outlet.
2. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first motor and described the Two motors are axially arranged in parallel, and first transmission gear is connected by meshing transmission with second transmission gear.
3. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first motor and described the Two motors are axially arranged in series, and first transmission gear is passed between being engaged with second transmission gear by an idle pulley Dynamic connection.
4. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that first reel with it is described When second coiling wheel speed is identical, take-up speed is identical.
5. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that first reel with it is described The rule of second reel, the first motor and second motor, first transmission gear and second transmission gear Lattice are identical.
6. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the control circuit board further includes One electric connector, the electric connector are connect with the power supply and spacecraft respectively, for realizing control circuit board, power supply and boat Communication function between its device.
7. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the power supply is using lithium electricity Pond, chemical cell or ultracapacitor, circuit board and motor provide electric energy in order to control.
8. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that selected motor includes but not limited to Brushed DC motor, brshless DC motor or supersonic motor.
9. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first motor and described the Two motors are double output shaft, and reel, transmission gear and ratchet mechanism are arranged at the both ends of the double output shaft.
10. a kind of space netting closing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the first motor with it is described Second motor is single output shaft, and reel, transmission gear and ratchet mechanism are arranged in the upper of single output shaft.
CN201811017928.5A 2018-08-31 2018-08-31 Space rope net closing device Active CN108792975B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811017928.5A CN108792975B (en) 2018-08-31 2018-08-31 Space rope net closing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201811017928.5A CN108792975B (en) 2018-08-31 2018-08-31 Space rope net closing device

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN108792975A true CN108792975A (en) 2018-11-13
CN108792975B CN108792975B (en) 2020-06-30

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110273595A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-09-24 天津真淼锁具销售有限公司 A kind of bicycle use line lock
CN111169661A (en) * 2020-02-04 2020-05-19 西北工业大学 Can be used to flexible rope net's cooperative winding and unwinding devices

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2219640A (en) * 1988-04-20 1989-12-13 Richard Thomas White Drive transmission apparatus
CN2595779Y (en) * 2003-01-23 2003-12-31 朱焕武 Threading machine for thread
CN102588560A (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-07-18 成都利君实业股份有限公司 Reversely synchronous parallel shaft double-output transmission system
CN202690894U (en) * 2012-08-08 2013-01-23 吴速 Double mechanical power torque synthesis device
CN103047373A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-17 张万璐 Mechanical synthesizer of rotational speed and torque
CN103587729A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-02-19 北京航空航天大学 Double-drive juxtaposed winding device for closing up spatial fly net
CN105459781A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-06 温岭市海风差速器有限公司 Multi-motor driving system of electric automobile
CN206244175U (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-06-13 杭州固创化纤有限公司 Bi-directional synchronization is efficiently put around wound packages
CN206566179U (en) * 2016-12-18 2017-10-20 杨昕 Abdominal massage device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB2219640A (en) * 1988-04-20 1989-12-13 Richard Thomas White Drive transmission apparatus
CN2595779Y (en) * 2003-01-23 2003-12-31 朱焕武 Threading machine for thread
CN102588560A (en) * 2011-07-25 2012-07-18 成都利君实业股份有限公司 Reversely synchronous parallel shaft double-output transmission system
CN202690894U (en) * 2012-08-08 2013-01-23 吴速 Double mechanical power torque synthesis device
CN103047373A (en) * 2013-01-06 2013-04-17 张万璐 Mechanical synthesizer of rotational speed and torque
CN103587729A (en) * 2013-10-23 2014-02-19 北京航空航天大学 Double-drive juxtaposed winding device for closing up spatial fly net
CN105459781A (en) * 2015-12-31 2016-04-06 温岭市海风差速器有限公司 Multi-motor driving system of electric automobile
CN206244175U (en) * 2016-12-12 2017-06-13 杭州固创化纤有限公司 Bi-directional synchronization is efficiently put around wound packages
CN206566179U (en) * 2016-12-18 2017-10-20 杨昕 Abdominal massage device

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110273595A (en) * 2019-04-23 2019-09-24 天津真淼锁具销售有限公司 A kind of bicycle use line lock
CN110273595B (en) * 2019-04-23 2021-04-13 温州康升特锁业有限公司 Bicycle wire lock
CN111169661A (en) * 2020-02-04 2020-05-19 西北工业大学 Can be used to flexible rope net's cooperative winding and unwinding devices
CN111169661B (en) * 2020-02-04 2022-10-14 西北工业大学 Can be used to flexible rope net's cooperative winding and unwinding devices

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