CN108787984A - A kind of assembly device of brake block and shrapnel - Google Patents

A kind of assembly device of brake block and shrapnel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108787984A
CN108787984A CN201810502845.9A CN201810502845A CN108787984A CN 108787984 A CN108787984 A CN 108787984A CN 201810502845 A CN201810502845 A CN 201810502845A CN 108787984 A CN108787984 A CN 108787984A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
shrapnel
brake block
riveting
assembly
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Granted
Application number
CN201810502845.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108787984B (en
Inventor
夏文才
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夏文才
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Priority to CN201810502845.9A priority Critical patent/CN108787984B/en
Publication of CN108787984A publication Critical patent/CN108787984A/en
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Publication of CN108787984B publication Critical patent/CN108787984B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/10Riveting machines
    • B21J15/14Riveting machines specially adapted for riveting specific articles, e.g. brake lining machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/10Riveting machines
    • B21J15/16Drives for riveting machines; Transmission means therefor
    • B21J15/18Drives for riveting machines; Transmission means therefor operated by air pressure or other gas pressure, e.g. explosion pressure
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/10Riveting machines
    • B21J15/30Particular elements, e.g. supports; Suspension equipment specially adapted for portable riveters
    • B21J15/32Devices for inserting or holding rivets in position with or without feeding arrangements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/10Riveting machines
    • B21J15/30Particular elements, e.g. supports; Suspension equipment specially adapted for portable riveters
    • B21J15/32Devices for inserting or holding rivets in position with or without feeding arrangements
    • B21J15/323Devices for inserting or holding rivets in position with or without feeding arrangements using a carrier strip
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/38Accessories for use in connection with riveting, e.g. pliers for upsetting; Hand tools for riveting
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B21MECHANICAL METAL-WORKING WITHOUT ESSENTIALLY REMOVING MATERIAL; PUNCHING METAL
    • B21JFORGING; HAMMERING; PRESSING METAL; RIVETING; FORGE FURNACES
    • B21J15/00Riveting
    • B21J15/38Accessories for use in connection with riveting, e.g. pliers for upsetting; Hand tools for riveting
    • B21J15/42Special clamping devices for workpieces to be riveted together, e.g. operating through the rivet holes

Abstract

The present invention relates to brake blocks to assemble field,More particularly to the assembly device of a kind of brake block and shrapnel,Including shrapnel feeding machanism,Rivet assemble mechanism and chain conveyor,Riveting assemble mechanism includes the vibrator feeder to conveying rivet,To bear the localization tool of brake block,Rotary components on localization tool periphery are set,Limit assembly and conflict component,The both sides of chain conveyor are respectively equipped with a portal frame and rivet feeder assembly,The lower section for being located at rivet feeder assembly in the side of chain conveyor and the discharge end of vibrator feeder is arranged in vibrator feeder,It is in inverted cooperation cylinder that portal frame is equipped with towards the front side of rivet feeder assembly,Cooperation cylinder is arranged right below riveting cylinder,Localization tool is arranged by traveling plate on the output end of chain conveyor,The present invention can replace the artificial assembly work to completing between brake block and shrapnel automatically,Avoid the security hidden trouble brought due to artificial operation.

Description

A kind of assembly device of brake block and shrapnel
Technical field
The present invention relates to brake blocks to assemble field, more particularly to the assembly device of a kind of brake block and shrapnel.
Background technology
Brake block is also brake rubber block.In the brake system of automobile, brake block is the breaking piece of most critical, all brakes The quality of effect is all that brake block plays a decisive role.
Brake block is generally made of steel plate, bonding thermal insulation layer and brake pad, and steel plate will come antirust, coating process by application Ensure quality with SMT-4 furnace temperature tracker to detect the Temperature Distribution of coating process.Brake disc or brake are compressed in when brake Friction is generated on vehicle drum, to achieve the purpose that vehicle deceleration brakes.Due to rubbing action, brake pad can gradually be worn, and one As for the lower brake pad wear of cost must be faster.
After brake block prepares, top perimeter needs to install shrapnel, so that later stage brake block can preferably work.It should Shrapnel is multiple bending structure, and one end overlaps with the end of brake block and mutually rivets, and the other end is suspended at the periphery of brake block; Assembly work between shrapnel and brake block normally due to shrapnel characteristic, be all by being manually operated manually, by the two Riveted holes are put into rivet to just, and the drawbacks of being put into rivet driver position by three articles, realizing riveting, do so is Due to the self structure characteristic of shrapnel, in riveting process, need manually to stablize shrapnel, prevent from misplacing and the riveting failure that brings Problem, it is in this case, artificial in operation, just have some potential safety problems.
Invention content
In view of the above-mentioned deficiencies in the prior art, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of assembly device of brake block and shrapnel.
To solve the above problems, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
A kind of assembly device of brake block and shrapnel, including shrapnel feeding machanism, riveting assemble mechanism and chain conveyor, Riveting assemble mechanism includes being positioned to the vibrator feeder of conveying rivet, the localization tool to bear brake block, setting Rotary components, limit assembly and the conflict component on jig periphery, the both sides of chain conveyor are respectively equipped with a portal frame and riveting Follow closely feeder assembly, vibrator feeder, which is arranged, to be located at rivet in the side of chain conveyor and the discharge end of vibrator feeder and feed The lower section of component, it is in inverted cooperation cylinder that portal frame is equipped with towards the front side of rivet feeder assembly, coordinates the underface of cylinder Equipped with riveting cylinder, localization tool is arranged by traveling plate on the output end of chain conveyor.
Further, the portal frame is parallel with the conveying direction of chain conveyor across direction, under portal frame Side is equipped with guide table, and traveling plate is in be positioned horizontally between guide table and chain conveyor, and plate of advancing is lived with guide table level Dynamic cooperation, localization tool is rectangular configuration, and the bottom of localization tool is connect by several pillars with the top of traveling plate, and positioning is controlled The upper surface of tool offers to put the type groove of brake block.
Further, it in four turnings of the localization tool, is offered towards a corner of shrapnel feeding machanism Feeding notch, feeding notch are connected to type groove, and riveting cylinder is in be installed between chain conveyor and guide table vertically, and go back At the downstream of chain conveyor, the outbound course of cylinder is riveted straight up.
Further, the rotary components include the first mounting plate, push backing plate and lower piezoelectric machine, and the first mounting plate is in perpendicular Straight to be arranged at the top of traveling plate, the first mounting plate is equipped with towards the front side of limit assembly being capable of vertical movable first lifting Plate, lower piezoelectric machine are located at the lower section of the first lifter plate, and first gear is arranged on the main shaft of lower piezoelectric machine, the first lifter plate On offer the tooth socket being meshed with first gear, the top of the first lifter plate is equipped with the fixation extended towards limit assembly direction Arm pushes backing plate and is hinged with one end that fixed arm extends outwardly, and fixed arm is equipped with to drive pushing backing plate that can position The servo motor rotated above jig.
Further, the stage casing for pushing backing plate offers through-hole, and through-hole pushes the freedom of backing plate through backing plate is pushed End is further opened with splicing hole, and the conveying direction in direction and chain conveyor that fixed arm extends constitutes 35 degree of angle.
Further, the limit assembly includes the second mounting plate, shank of bolt and limit electric machine, and the second mounting plate is in vertical Set on the top of traveling plate, and the second mounting plate is equipped with towards the front side of localization tool and movable second can lift vertically Plate, limit electric machine are located at the lower section of the second lifter plate, and second gear is arranged on the main shaft of limit electric machine, the second lifter plate On offer the tooth socket that can be meshed with second gear, the top of the second lifter plate is equipped with top plate, and top plate is far from the second lifting The front end of plate is hinged in the first vertical polished rod, and the top of shank of bolt and the first polished rod is coaxially connected, and the top of shank of bolt is set There is the second polished rod, is additionally provided with to drive the first polished rod can be along the electric rotating machine of own axis on top plate.
Further, the top of the traveling plate is equipped with limiting plate, and the top of limiting plate is in be extending vertically into feeding notch It is interior, and the top of limiting plate offers open holding tank upward, and the side of the remotely located jig of limiting plate is equipped with and receiving The open trough being connected in slot.
Further, the conflict component includes bearing block, ball screw and nut slider, and bearing block is installed in traveling plate Top, and with limiting plate be symmetrical arranged, ball screw is hinged between limiting plate and bearing block, and nut slider is set in rolling On ballscrew, the top of nut slider, which is equipped with, extends convex block, extend convex block towards open trough side it is symmetrical above and below set there are two Contradict bar, the bottom of nut slider is equipped with the draw runner extended downwards, the end of draw runner and traveling plate can horizontal anomalous movement match It closes, the top of traveling plate is equipped with lead screw motor, and lead screw motor is connect with ball leading screw driving.
Further, lining module and riveting stamping die are respectively equipped on the output end of the cooperation cylinder and riveting cylinder Block, riveting notch is offered on traveling plate, and riveting notch be in position of the localization tool equipped with feeding notch, and localization tool The position be additionally provided with riveting punching.
Further, the rivet feeder assembly includes workbench, extends bearing and ride upon the feeding of bench-top Cylinder, extend bearing coordinates with workbench horizontal anomalous movement, and can be extended towards gantry direction activity by feeding cylinder The front end of bearing is equipped with to sliding tooth block, movable supply motor, tooth block top are provided with the first tracheae, the first tracheae vertically Through tooth block, and connection fixed thereto, the end of the first tracheae are equipped with hemisphere cover body, and the front end for extending bearing is equipped with supply electricity Machine, the main shaft for supplying motor are equipped with the third gear that can be meshed with the flank of tooth of tooth block, and the front end for extending bearing is additionally provided with First vacuum pump is connected between the first vacuum pump and the first tracheae by the first hose.
Advantageous effect:The assembly device of a kind of brake block and shrapnel of the present invention, when shrapnel feeding machanism is by single shrapnel Posture when assembling is fed through blanking gap position, and lead screw motor makes ball screw rotate, and nut slider is convex with extending Block will contradict bar and be driven towards open trough movement, that is, shrapnel position, then support shrapnel back side by conflict boom end It touches, while explanation is the part of shrapnel lower end, suction disc stops absorption at this time, discharges the shrapnel, contradicts bar at this time and ensure that this Shrapnel does not fall after the meeting, after brake block installs, servo motor work so that push backing plate and turn to what shrapnel was in contact with brake block Position and through-hole and brake block, shrapnel riveted holes to after just, limit electric machine works at this time, by second gear so that second Lifter plate rises, and then by top plate, the first polished rod, shank of bolt and the second polished rod with vertical activity, the second polished rod takes the lead in leading to Splicing hole is crossed, then electric rotating machine works so that the first polished rod is rotated with shank of bolt, and the second lifter plate persistently rises, Shank of bolt realizes screw-thread fit with the internal thread in splicing hole, and then lower piezoelectric machine relies on identical method so that the first lifter plate Decline, and the second lifter plate also declines therewith so that shrapnel is coincided with brake block and (rivets by the lower face for pushing backing plate Part) it pushes down, limit, the single rivet of the conveying of vibrator feeder one by one at this time are kept, and supply motor so that tooth block is done perpendicular Straight activity, and then the first tracheae, hemisphere cover body are dropped at the single rivet on vibrator feeder discharge end, and by half Ball cover body closes rivet top cover, is relying on the first vacuum pump and the first tracheae, which is sucked, and by supplying electricity Machine, which rises, to be resetted, and is then moved to brake block by feeding the stroke directions of cylinder again at shrapnel assembly, is then supplied in cooperation To the decline of motor so that the rivet is in that the posture to fall vertically enters in the riveted holes of brake block and shrapnel, is then advanced Plate moves on, and is moved to the top of riveting cylinder, and the output end for riveting cylinder passes sequentially through feeding with riveting punching module Rivet lower end on notch and riveting punching contact brake block, meanwhile, cooperation cylinder synchronizes movement, and output end will serve as a contrast mould Block contradicts rivet top, both last to realize riveting, the present invention can replace it is artificial automatically to complete brake block and shrapnel it Between assembly work, avoid the security hidden trouble brought due to artificial operation.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram one for assembling device;
Fig. 2 is the enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the dimensional structure diagram two for assembling device;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing at B in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the sectional perspective structural schematic diagram one for assembling device;
Fig. 6 is the enlarged drawing at C in Fig. 5;
Fig. 7 is the sectional perspective structural schematic diagram two for assembling device;
Fig. 8 is the sectional perspective structural schematic diagram three for assembling device;
Fig. 9 is the partial assembled structural schematic diagram one for assembling device;
Figure 10 is the partial assembled structural schematic diagram two for assembling device;
Figure 11 is the sectional perspective structural schematic diagram four for assembling device;
Figure 12 is the side view for assembling traveling material path in device;
Figure 13 is the dimensional structure diagram of localization tool, brake block and shrapnel;
Reference sign:Chain conveyor 1, guide table 1a, vibrator feeder 1b, localization tool 1c, type groove 1d, riveting Punching 1e, feeding notch 1f, rotary components 2, the first mounting plate 2a push backing plate 2b, through-hole 2c, lower piezoelectric machine 2e, first liter Plate 2f, first gear 2k, fixed arm 2m, servo motor 2n, limit assembly 3, shank of bolt 3a, the second polished rod 3b, electric rotating machine drop 3c, limit electric machine 3e, top plate 3k, ball screw 4a extend convex block 4b, contradict bar 4c, lead screw motor 4d, workbench 5a, extend Bearing 5b feeds cylinder 5c, tooth block 5d, the first tracheae 5e, hemisphere cover body 5k, supplies motor 5m, the first vacuum pump 5p, coordinates gas Cylinder 6 rivets cylinder 6a, traveling plate 6b, rivets notch 6c, limiting plate 6d, holding tank 6f, and traveling material path 7 lifts electric cylinders 7a, horizontal To electric cylinders 7b, L-type mounting base 7c, the second vacuum pump 7d, air entraining pipe 7e, the second tracheae 7f, reversing motor 7k, suction disc 7m, U-shaped peace Seat 8 is filled, conveyer belt 8a, engine base 9, rub pushing ram 9a, stepper motor 9b, lid conjunction channel 11, feeding rectangular channel 12, shrapnel 13, Brake block 14, rivet 15.
Specific implementation mode
With reference to the accompanying drawings of the specification and embodiment, specific embodiments of the present invention are described in further detail:
Referring to figs. 1 to the assembly device of a kind of brake block shown in Figure 13 and shrapnel, including shrapnel feeding machanism, riveting dress Fitting mechanism and chain conveyor 1, riveting assemble mechanism include braking to the vibrator feeder 1b of conveying rivet 15, to bear The localization tool 1c of piece 14, the rotary components 2 on the peripheries localization tool 1c, limit assembly 3 are set and contradict component, chain delivery It is respectively equipped with a portal frame and rivet feeder assembly with 1 both sides, the side in chain conveyor 1 is arranged in vibrator feeder 1b And the discharge end of vibrator feeder 1b is located at the lower section of rivet feeder assembly, and portal frame is towards setting on front side of rivet feeder assembly It is in inverted cooperation cylinder 6 to have, and being arranged right below for cooperation cylinder 6 rivets cylinder 6a, and localization tool 1c is set by traveling plate 6b It sets on the output end of chain conveyor 1.
The portal frame it is parallel with the conveying direction of chain conveyor 1 across direction, the lower section of portal frame is equipped with and leads To platform 1a, traveling plate 6b is in be positioned horizontally between guide table 1a and chain conveyor 1, and the plate 6b and guide table 1a that advances is horizontal Activity cooperation, localization tool 1c are rectangular configuration, and the bottom of localization tool 1c at the top of several pillars and traveling plate 6b by connecting It connects, the upper surface of localization tool 1c offers to put the type groove 1d of brake block 14, manually in advance in the upper of chain conveyor 1 Brake block 14 is put into type groove 1d by You Duan, chain conveyor 1 to drive traveling plate 6b with localization tool 1c and its Brake block 14 in type groove 1d enters to 13 assembly field of shrapnel and riveting field.
In four turnings of the localization tool 1c, feeding notch is offered towards a corner of shrapnel feeding machanism 1f, feeding notch 1f are connected to type groove 1d, riveting cylinder 6a in being installed between chain conveyor 1 and guide table 1a vertically, and And be also located at the downstream of chain conveyor 1, the outbound course of riveting cylinder 6a enters to 13 assembly field of shrapnel straight up Afterwards, feeding notch 1f allows shrapnel 13 to be assembled on brake block 14 by it.
The rotary components 2 include the first mounting plate 2a, pushing backing plate 2b and lower piezoelectric machine 2e, the first mounting plate 2a in perpendicular Straight to be arranged at the top of traveling plate 6b, the first mounting plate 2a is equipped with towards the front side of limit assembly 3 can vertical movable first Lifter plate 2f, lower piezoelectric machine 2e are located at the lower section of the first lifter plate 2f, and the first tooth is arranged on the main shaft of lower piezoelectric machine 2e 2k is taken turns, the tooth socket being meshed with first gear 2k is offered on the first lifter plate 2f, the top of the first lifter plate 2f is equipped with direction The fixed arm 2m that 3 direction of limit assembly extends pushes one end that backing plate 2b and fixed arm 2m extends outwardly and is hinged, on fixed arm 2m Equipped with pushing the servo motor 2n that can be rotated above localization tool 1c of backing plate 2b to drive and watched after brake block 14 installs Take motor 2n work so that push backing plate 2b and turn to the position that shrapnel 13 is in contact with brake block 14, then coordinate limit group Part 3 is realized and carries out pushing limit to the part that shrapnel 13 is in contact with brake block 14, between servo motor 2n and pushing backing plate 2b It is engaged by gear.
The stage casing for pushing backing plate 2b offers through-hole 2c, through-hole 2c through backing plate 2b is pushed, push backing plate 2b from Splicing hole is further opened with by end, the direction that fixed arm 2m extends constitutes 35 degree of angle with the conveying direction of chain conveyor 1, spells It connects and is equipped with internal thread in hole;After pushing backing plate 2b turns to 13 position of shrapnel, through-hole 2c and the riveting on brake block 14, shrapnel 13 Hole is in coaxial, and diameter is more than the two, coordinates 15 feeding of subsequent rivet and staking process.
The limit assembly 3 includes the second mounting plate, shank of bolt 3a and limit electric machine 3e, and the second mounting plate is in be set to vertically The top of traveling plate 6b, and the second mounting plate is equipped with towards the front side of localization tool 1c and movable second can lift vertically Plate, limit electric machine 3e are located at the lower section of the second lifter plate, and second gear is arranged on the main shaft of limit electric machine 3e, second liter The tooth socket that can be meshed with second gear is offered on drop plate, the top of the second lifter plate is equipped with top plate 3k, and top plate 3k is separate The front end of second lifter plate is hinged in the first vertical polished rod, and shank of bolt 3a and the top of the first polished rod are coaxially connected, bolt The top of bar 3a is equipped with the second polished rod 3b, is additionally provided with to drive the first polished rod can be along the rotation of own axis on top plate 3k Rotating motor 3c is pushed after backing plate 2b turns to 13 position of shrapnel, and through-hole 2c and brake block 14, shrapnel 13 riveted holes to just Afterwards, limit electric machine 3e works at this time, by second gear so that the second lifter plate rises, and then by top plate 3k, the first polished rod, spiral shell Tightening latch 3a and the second polished rod 3b is with vertical activity, and the second polished rod 3b takes the lead in by splicing hole, and then electric rotating machine 3c works, So that the first polished rod is rotated with shank of bolt 3a, and the second lifter plate persistently rises, shank of bolt 3a and the interior spiral shell in splicing hole Line realizes screw-thread fit, and then lower piezoelectric machine 2e relies on identical method so that the first lifter plate 2f declines, and the second lifter plate Also decline therewith so that it pushes the lower face of backing plate 2b and pushes down shrapnel 13 and the brake block 14 i.e. riveting portion that coincides, holding Limit, is engaged between electric rotating machine 3c and the first polished rod by gear.
The top of the traveling plate 6b is equipped with limiting plate 6d, and the top of limiting plate 6d is in be extending vertically into feeding notch 1f It is interior, and the top of limiting plate 6d offers open holding tank 6f upward, and the side of the remotely located jig 1c of limiting plate 6d is set There is the open trough being connected in holding tank 6f, when shrapnel feeding machanism lacks the feeding that shrapnel 13 is delivered on localization tool 1c When mouthful positions 1f, one end and the brake block 14 of shrapnel 13 coincide, that is, the two riveted holes, 13 other end of shrapnel is outstanding It sets outside, so in assembly, the one end of shrapnel 13 will also enter in holding tank 6f with shrapnel feeding machanism, as limit Position.
The conflict component includes bearing block, ball screw 4a and nut slider, and bearing block is installed in the top of traveling plate 6b Portion, and be symmetrical arranged with limiting plate 6d, ball screw 4a is hinged between limiting plate 6d and bearing block, and nut slider is set in On ball screw 4a, the top of nut slider, which is equipped with, extends convex block 4b, and the side for extending convex block 4b towards open trough is symmetrical above and below If there are two bar 4c is contradicted, the bottom of nut slider is equipped with the draw runner extended downwards, end and the traveling plate 6b energy of draw runner The top of enough horizontal anomalous movement cooperations, traveling plate 6b is equipped with lead screw motor 4d, and lead screw motor 4d is sequentially connected with ball screw 4a, bullet After one end of piece 13 enters to holding tank 6f, lead screw motor 4d makes ball screw 4a rotate, and nut slider is with extension convex block 4b will contradict bar 4c and be driven towards open trough movement, that is, 13 position of shrapnel, and then rely on and contradict the ends bar 4c by shrapnel 13 Back side contradicts, and ensures the stabilization of shrapnel 13, is coordinated by toothed belt transmission between lead screw motor 4d and ball screw 4a.
It is respectively equipped with lining module and riveting punching module on the output end of the cooperation cylinder 6 and riveting cylinder 6a, is advanced Riveting notch 6c is offered on plate 6b, riveting notch 6c is in localization tool 1c and is equipped with the position of feeding notch 1f, and positions The position of jig 1c is additionally provided with riveting punching 1e, and cooperation cylinder 6 and the movement travel for riveting cylinder 6a are opposite up and down, and And difference face is respectively;It serves as a contrast module to contradict 15 top of rivet, riveting punching module realizes riveting to oppress 15 other end of rivet Connect work;Feeding notch 1f and riveting punching 1e settings, are able to that localization tool 1c is allowed to reach riveting cylinder with brake block 14 When the surface of 6a, the output end of riveting cylinder 6a is able to by feeding notch 1f and rivets on punching 1e contact brake blocks 14 15 lower end of rivet.
The rivet feeder assembly includes workbench 5a, extends bearing 5b and ride upon the feeding cylinder at the top of workbench 5a 5c extends bearing 5b and workbench 5a horizontal anomalous movements and coordinates, and by feed cylinder 5c can towards gantry direction activity, Extend front ends of the bearing 5b far from workbench 5a and is equipped with and can be provided with the first tracheae in movable tooth block 5d, the tops tooth block 5d vertically 5e, the first tracheae 5e run through tooth block 5d, and connection fixed thereto, and the end of the first tracheae 5e is equipped with hemisphere cover body 5k, extends The front end of bearing 5b is equipped with to the vertical movable supply motor 5m of sliding tooth block 5d, and the front end for extending bearing 5b is additionally provided with first Vacuum pump 5p, is connected between the first vacuum pump 5p and the first tracheae 5e by the first hose, the conveyings of vibrator feeder 1b one by one Single rivet 15, and supply motor 5m and tooth block 5d is made to do vertical activity, and then the first tracheae 5e, hemisphere cover body 5k are declined At single rivet 15 on to vibrator feeder 1b discharge ends, and by hemisphere cover body 5k by 15 top cover of rivet close, according to By the first vacuum pump 5p and the first tracheae 5e, which is sucked, and is rising reset by supplying motor 5m, then again By feeding the stroke directions of cylinder 5c, brake block 14 is moved to at 13 assembly of shrapnel, then supplies motor 5m's in cooperation Decline so that the rivet 15 is in that the posture to fall vertically enters in the riveted holes of brake block 14 and shrapnel 13, supply motor 5m It is engaged by gear between tooth block 5d.
Shrapnel feeding machanism include for convey the traveling material path 7 of shrapnel 13, the Power Component being arranged on front side of portal frame, The conveying assembly for 7 side of feed channel of being expert at is set and setting is expert at the friction transmitting assembly of 7 upstream end of feed channel, Power Component Output end on be provided with the output end of the second vacuum pump 7d, the second vacuum pump 7d and be connected with the take-off assembly that can be rotated, row The downstream of feed channel 7 extends in the opening of portal frame, and positioned at the lower section of take-off assembly, the top of traveling material path 7 is set There are Anti-dislocation component, the upstream end of traveling material path 7 to be placed one by one on shrapnel 13 to traveling material path 7 by artificial or manipulator, These shrapnels 13 are delivered to the lower section of take-off assembly by friction transmitting assembly and conveying assembly, take-off assembly passes through power packages Part adsorbs a shrapnel 13 of 7 downstream of traveling material path, and on moving to localization tool 1c at this time by Power Component The position assembled of brake block 14, i.e. positions feeding notch 1f.
The Power Component includes lateral electric cylinders 7b and the lifting sliding rail being symmetricly set on front side of portal frame and lifting electric cylinders 7a, lifting electric cylinders 7a are located at the side of cooperation cylinder 6, and the back side of lateral electric cylinders 7b connects in the horizontal output end with lifting electric cylinders 7a It connects, and conveying direction between the two is in cross, the back side of lateral electric cylinders 7b also coordinates with the vertical activity of lifting sliding rail, horizontal It is provided on the output end of electric cylinders 7b in inverted L-type mounting base 7c, it is separate that the second vacuum pump 7d is installed in L-type mounting base 7c The front side of lateral electric cylinders 7b, lateral electric cylinders 7b with lifting electric cylinders 7a to drive L-type mounting base 7c to be able to do cross movement, Meet the feeding and unloading work to shrapnel 13.
The take-off assembly includes the air entraining pipe 7e being connected with the output end of the second vacuum pump 7d, the end of air entraining pipe 7e Extend straight down, and be communicated with can be along the second tracheae 7f of own axis, the lower half of the second tracheae 7f for the one end Section fixing sleeve is connected to passive tooth, and the back side of the bottoms L-type mounting base 7c is provided with reversing motor 7k, consolidates on the main shaft of reversing motor 7k Fixed to be equipped with the driving cog that be meshed with passive tooth, the lateral electric cylinders 7b of lifting electric cylinders 7a drivings declines, that is, true by second Sky pump 7d drops to the top of a shrapnel 13 close to 7 downstream of traveling material path, and then the second vacuum pump 7d starts to the bullet Piece 13 carries out absorption work, and subsequently through reversing motor 7k so that the shrapnel 13, which turns to, to be assembled with brake block 14 In adaptation angle.
The end of the second tracheae 7f is fixed with the suction disc 7m of U-shaped structure, is equipped in the opening face of suction disc 7m several Sucker, suction disc 7m is in being inverted and being connect with the second tracheae 7f at the top of it, and all suckers are connected to the second tracheae 7f, suction disc 7m In the both ends of aperture position, wherein the length of one end is more than the other end, in the 7a work of lifting electric cylinders, the output of the second vacuum pump 7d End declines with the second tracheae 7f, and the top of shrapnel 13 is wrapped up in the opening face of suction disc 7m, the top of shrapnel 13 and the suction disc The opening face of 7m matches, so the second vacuum pump 7d work, is sucked the shrapnel 13 using sucker, and by lifting electric cylinders 7a resets, and by the shrapnel 13 with rising, is then moving closer to 14 position of brake block by lateral electric cylinders 7b.
The end cross-sectional of the traveling material path 7 matches with the opening face of shrapnel 13, the direction of transfer and chain of traveling material path 7 The direction of transfer of formula conveyer belt 1 is perpendicular, and Anti-dislocation component includes being erected at the top of traveling material path 7 and end cross-sectional and shrapnel The lid that 13 shape matches closes channel 11, and the upstream and downstream end that lid closes channel 11 is stayed with the upstream and downstream end of traveling material path 7 respectively There are spacing, the side that lid closes channel 11 to offer feeding rectangular channel 12, artificial or manipulator can be by single shrapnel 13 in perpendicular It is directly sleeved in traveling material path 7, is able to subsequent transportation work.
The conveying assembly includes 8 conveyer belt 8a of U-shaped mounting base, and U-shaped mounting base 8 is erected at lid and closes channel 11 equipped with feeding The side of rectangular channel 12, conveyer belt 8a is set in the opening of U-shaped mounting base 8, and the transmission plane of conveyer belt 8a passes through feeding square Shape slot 12 extends to lid and closes in channel 11, after shrapnel 13, which moves to lid, to be closed in channel 11, can connect with the transmission plane of conveyer belt It touches, at this time since conveyer belt works, shrapnel 13 is driven by friction, and since lid closes the setting in channel 11, not will produce shaking The problems such as dislocation.
The friction transmitting assembly includes the engine base 9 for riding upon 7 side of traveling material path, in being hinged on 9 top of engine base vertically Movable axis and two be socketed on movable axis symmetrical above and below rub pushing ram 9a, two friction pushing ram 9a are far from movable axis One end constitute 120 degree of angle, be additionally provided with the stepper motor for driving movable axis along own axis on engine base 9 9b, stepper motor 9b work so that movable axis rotates, and is put into first to 7 upstream end of traveling material path by friction pushing ram 9a Shrapnel 13 friction drive to lid close channel 11 in, two friction promote settings so that after the two turns an angle, also It is not close with traveling material path 7, is able to place shrapnel 13 at this time, be connected by toothed belt transmission between stepper motor 9b and movable axis It connects.
Operation principle:Manually in advance in the upstream end of chain conveyor 1, brake block 14 is put into type groove 1d, explanation: Multiple anti-slip tanks are opened up in type groove 1d, are squeezed into so brake block 14 is put into posture, have limit basis, chain conveyor 1 to use To drive traveling plate 6b to enter to 13 assembly field of shrapnel and riveting with the brake block 14 in localization tool 1c and its type groove 1d It connects field, and manipulator or manually places one by one, be sleeved on shrapnel 13 to the upstream end of traveling material path 7, subsequent stepping electricity Machine 9b work so that movable axis rotates, and the first shrapnel 13 being put into 7 upstream end of traveling material path rubs by friction pushing ram 9a It wipes to drive to lid and close in channel 11,13 1, shrapnel pushes away one so that the also advance of front, and enter to lid and close channel 11 Interior, the transmission plane of conveyer belt contacts therewith, and at this time since conveyer belt works, shrapnel 13 is driven by friction, towards traveling material path 7 The movement of downstream extreme direction, lift the lateral electric cylinders 7b of electric cylinders 7a drivings at this time and decline, that is, the second vacuum pump 7d is dropped to Close to the top of a shrapnel 13 of 7 downstream of traveling material path, and the shrapnel 13 has had been moved off lid and has closed channel 11, and second is true The output end of sky pump 7d declines with the second tracheae 7f, and the top of shrapnel 13 is wrapped up in the opening face of suction disc 7m, shrapnel 13 Top matches with the opening face of suction disc 7m, so the second vacuum pump 7d work, is sucked the shrapnel 13 using sucker, and It is resetted by lifting electric cylinders 7a, and subsequently through reversing motor 7k so that the shrapnel 13, which turns to, to be filled with brake block 14 Adaptation angle in matching, and being driven to the positions localization tool 1c feeding notch 1f by lateral electric cylinders 7b, then again by It lifts electric cylinders 7a and declines work so that shrapnel 13 declines, and assembled portion is contacted to 14 part of brake block, then shrapnel 13 Another end enters in the holding tank 6f on limiting plate 6d, and then lead screw motor 4d makes ball screw 4a rotate, slide nut Block will contradict bar 4c and be driven towards open trough movement, that is, 13 position of shrapnel, then by conflict bar with convex block 4b is extended The ends 4c contradict 13 back side of shrapnel, while explanation is the part of 13 lower end of shrapnel, and suction disc 7m stops absorption at this time, and release should Shrapnel 13 contradicts bar 4c and ensure that this shrapnel 13 does not fall after the meeting at this time, after brake block 14 installs, servo motor 2n work so that Push the riveting that backing plate 2b turns to position and through-hole 2c and brake block 14, shrapnel 13 that shrapnel 13 is in contact with brake block 14 Hole is to after just, limit electric machine 3e works at this time, by second gear so that the second lifter plate rises, and then by top plate 3k, first Polished rod, shank of bolt 3a and the second polished rod 3b are with vertical activity, and the second polished rod 3b takes the lead in by splicing hole, then electric rotating machine 3c works so that the first polished rod is rotated with shank of bolt 3a, and the second lifter plate persistently rises, in shank of bolt 3a and splicing hole Internal thread realize screw-thread fit, then lower piezoelectric machine 2e relies on identical method so that the first lifter plate 2f declines, and second Lifter plate also declines therewith so that pushes the lower face of backing plate 2b and shrapnel 13 and brake block 14 coincide i.e. caulking part partial pressure Firmly, limit, the single rivet 15 of the conveyings of vibrator feeder 1b one by one at this time are kept, and supplies motor 5m so that tooth block 5d is done perpendicular Straight activity, and then the first tracheae 5e, hemisphere cover body 5k are dropped at the single rivet 15 on vibrator feeder 1b discharge ends, and And close 15 top cover of rivet by hemisphere cover body 5k, the first vacuum pump 5p and the first tracheae 5e is being relied on, which is being inhaled Tightly, and rise reset by supplying motor 5m, then move to brake block 14 by feeding the stroke directions of cylinder 5c again At 13 assembly of shrapnel, then in the decline of cooperation supply motor 5m so that the rivet 15 is in that the posture to fall vertically enters to In the riveted holes of brake block 14 and shrapnel 13, then traveling plate 6b is moved on, and is moved to the top of riveting cylinder 6a, rivets gas The output end of cylinder 6a passes sequentially through feeding notch 1f with riveting punching module and rivets the riveting on punching 1e contact brake blocks 14 15 lower ends are followed closely, meanwhile, cooperation cylinder 6 synchronizes movement, and output end will serve as a contrast module and contradict 15 top of rivet, both last Realize riveting.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, not making any limit to the technical scope of the present invention System, thus it is every according to the technical essence of the invention to any subtle modifications, equivalent variations and modifications made by above example, In the range of still falling within technical scheme of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. the assembly device of a kind of brake block and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:Including shrapnel feeding machanism, riveting assemble mechanism and chain Formula conveyer belt (1), riveting assemble mechanism include to the vibrator feeder (1b) of conveying rivet (15), bearing brake block (14) localization tool (1c), setting in the rotary components (2) on the periphery localization tool (1c), limit assembly (3) and contradict component, The both sides of chain conveyor (1) are respectively equipped with a portal frame and rivet feeder assembly, and vibrator feeder (1b) is arranged in chain type The side of conveyer belt (1) and the discharge end of vibrator feeder (1b) are located at the lower section of rivet feeder assembly, and portal frame is towards riveting The front side for following closely feeder assembly is equipped in inverted cooperation cylinder (6), and cooperation cylinder (6) is arranged right below riveting cylinder (6a), Localization tool (1c) is arranged by traveling plate (6b) on the output end of chain conveyor (1).
2. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 1 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The cross of the portal frame Parallel with the conveying direction of chain conveyor (1) across direction, the lower section of portal frame is equipped with guide table (1a), and traveling plate (6b) is in It is positioned horizontally between guide table (1a) and chain conveyor (1), and plate of advancing (6b) coordinates with guide table (1a) horizontal anomalous movement, Localization tool (1c) is rectangular configuration, and the bottom of localization tool (1c) is connect by several pillars with the top of traveling plate (6b), The upper surface of localization tool (1c) offers to put the type groove (1d) of brake block (14).
3. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 2 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The localization tool In four turnings of (1c), feeding notch (1f), feeding notch (1f) are offered towards a corner of shrapnel feeding machanism It is connected to type groove (1d), riveting cylinder (6a) is in be installed between chain conveyor (1) and guide table (1a) vertically, and go back position At the downstream of chain conveyor (1), the outbound course of riveting cylinder (6a) is straight up.
4. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 2 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The rotary components (2) include the first mounting plate (2a), push backing plate (2b) and lower piezoelectric machine (2e), the first mounting plate (2a) is in be vertically arranged to be expert at Into the top of plate (6b), the first mounting plate (2a) is equipped with towards the front side of limit assembly (3) being capable of vertical movable first lifting Plate (2f), lower piezoelectric machine (2e) are located at the lower section of the first lifter plate (2f), and is arranged on the main shaft of lower piezoelectric machine (2e) One gear (2k) offers the tooth socket being meshed with first gear (2k) on the first lifter plate (2f), the first lifter plate (2f) Top is equipped with the fixed arm (2m) extended towards limit assembly (3) direction, pushes backing plate (2b) and extends outwardly with fixed arm (2m) One end it is hinged, fixed arm (2m) is equipped with to drive push that backing plate (2b) can rotate above localization tool (1c) watching Take motor (2n).
5. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 4 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The pushing backing plate The stage casing of (2b) offers through-hole (2c), and through backing plate (2b) is pushed, the free end for pushing backing plate (2b) also opens up through-hole (2c) There are splicing hole, the direction that fixed arm (2m) extends to constitute 35 degree of angle with the conveying direction of chain conveyor (1).
6. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 5 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The limit assembly (3) include the second mounting plate, shank of bolt (3a) and limit electric machine (3e), the second mounting plate is in the vertical top for being set to traveling plate (6b) Portion, and the second mounting plate towards the front side of localization tool (1c) be equipped with can vertical movable second lifter plate, limit electric machine (3e) is located at the lower section of the second lifter plate, and second gear is arranged on the main shaft of limit electric machine (3e), on the second lifter plate Offer the tooth socket that can be meshed with second gear, the top of the second lifter plate is equipped with top plate (3k), and top plate (3k) is far from the The front end of two lifter plates is hinged in the first vertical polished rod, and shank of bolt (3a) and the top of the first polished rod are coaxially connected, bolt The top of bar (3a) is equipped with the second polished rod (3b), is additionally provided with that the first polished rod is driven along own axes can to turn on top plate (3k) Dynamic electric rotating machine (3c).
7. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 3 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The traveling plate (6b) Top be equipped with limiting plate (6d), the top of limiting plate (6d) is in being extending vertically into feeding notch (1f), and limiting plate The top of (6d) offers open holding tank (6f) upward, and the side of limiting plate (6d) remotely located jig (1c) is equipped with and appearance The interior open trough being connected of slot (6f) of receiving.
8. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 7 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The conflict component packet Include bearing block, ball screw (4a) and nut slider, bearing block is installed in the top of traveling plate (6b), and with limiting plate (6d) It is symmetrical arranged, ball screw (4a) is hinged on limiting plate (6d) between bearing block, and nut slider is set in ball screw (4a) On, the top of nut slider, which is equipped with, extends convex block (4b), and the side of extension convex block (4b) towards open trough is symmetrical above and below to be equipped with two A conflict bar (4c), the bottom of nut slider are equipped with the draw runner extended downwards, and end and the traveling plate (6b) of draw runner can Horizontal anomalous movement coordinates, and the top of traveling plate (6b) is equipped with lead screw motor (4d), and lead screw motor (4d) is driven with ball screw (4a) Connection.
9. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 2 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The cooperation cylinder (6) and on the output end of riveting cylinder (6a) it is respectively equipped with lining module and riveting punching module, riveting is offered on traveling plate (6b) Notch (6c) is connect, riveting notch (6c) is in the position that localization tool (1c) is equipped with feeding notch (1f), and localization tool The position of (1c) is additionally provided with riveting punching (1e).
10. the assembly device of a kind of brake block according to claim 1 and shrapnel, it is characterised in that:The rivet feeding Component includes workbench (5a), extends bearing (5b) and ride upon the feeding cylinder (5c) at the top of workbench (5a), extends bearing (5b) coordinates with workbench (5a) horizontal anomalous movement, and can be extended towards gantry direction activity by feeding cylinder (5c) Front end of the bearing (5b) far from workbench (5a), which is equipped with, to be provided with first in movable tooth block (5d), tooth block (5d) top vertically Tracheae (5e), the first tracheae (5e) run through tooth block (5d), and connection fixed thereto, and the end of the first tracheae (5e) is equipped with hemisphere Cover body (5k), the front end for extending bearing (5b) are equipped with to the vertical movable supply motor (5m) of sliding tooth block (5d), extend branch The front end of seat (5b) is additionally provided with the first vacuum pump (5p), passes through the first hose between the first vacuum pump (5p) and the first tracheae (5e) Connection.
CN201810502845.9A 2018-05-23 2018-05-23 Brake block and assembly quality of shell fragment Active CN108787984B (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111112538A (en) * 2020-01-21 2020-05-08 杨亚东 Automatic assembly equipment of split type brake disc
CN111660088A (en) * 2020-07-07 2020-09-15 盛勇 Automatic hole aligning assembly equipment for split brake disc
CN111906232A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-11-10 姚丙善 Aluminum alloy machining device for stably installing rivets

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5590459A (en) * 1994-06-08 1997-01-07 Opt Engineering Co., Ltd. Device for successively inserting rivets and the like into a long continuous rivet-holding belt
CN104439015A (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-03-25 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Automatic riveting device
CN104624911A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-20 天津市津荣天宇精密机械有限公司 Semi-automatic riveting machine for automobile safety belt supports
CN206682197U (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-11-28 清远浩和仪器设计有限公司 A kind of commercial car brake block
CN107999683A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-08 昆山鸿奥精密机械有限公司 One kind lock rope machine

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5590459A (en) * 1994-06-08 1997-01-07 Opt Engineering Co., Ltd. Device for successively inserting rivets and the like into a long continuous rivet-holding belt
CN104439015A (en) * 2013-09-18 2015-03-25 鸿富锦精密工业(深圳)有限公司 Automatic riveting device
CN104624911A (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-05-20 天津市津荣天宇精密机械有限公司 Semi-automatic riveting machine for automobile safety belt supports
CN206682197U (en) * 2016-11-24 2017-11-28 清远浩和仪器设计有限公司 A kind of commercial car brake block
CN107999683A (en) * 2017-11-24 2018-05-08 昆山鸿奥精密机械有限公司 One kind lock rope machine

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111112538A (en) * 2020-01-21 2020-05-08 杨亚东 Automatic assembly equipment of split type brake disc
CN111112538B (en) * 2020-01-21 2021-11-19 倪晋挺 Automatic assembly equipment of split type brake disc
CN111660088A (en) * 2020-07-07 2020-09-15 盛勇 Automatic hole aligning assembly equipment for split brake disc
CN111906232A (en) * 2020-07-30 2020-11-10 姚丙善 Aluminum alloy machining device for stably installing rivets

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