CN108773987A - A kind of sanitary sewage filtering device - Google Patents

A kind of sanitary sewage filtering device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108773987A
CN108773987A CN201810755018.0A CN201810755018A CN108773987A CN 108773987 A CN108773987 A CN 108773987A CN 201810755018 A CN201810755018 A CN 201810755018A CN 108773987 A CN108773987 A CN 108773987A
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China
Prior art keywords
pipeline
filter cylinder
box
filter
adsorption box
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CN201810755018.0A
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CN108773987B (en
Inventor
刘国玺
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Guangzhou Zhonghuan Technology Co ltd
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Individual
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F9/00Multistage treatment of water, waste water or sewage
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/001Processes for the treatment of water whereby the filtration technique is of importance
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/28Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption
    • C02F1/283Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage by sorption using coal, charred products, or inorganic mixtures containing them
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F1/40Devices for separating or removing fatty or oily substances or similar floating material
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F1/00Treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F2001/007Processes including a sedimentation step
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2301/00General aspects of water treatment
    • C02F2301/08Multistage treatments, e.g. repetition of the same process step under different conditions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F2303/00Specific treatment goals
    • C02F2303/16Regeneration of sorbents, filters
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C02TREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02FTREATMENT OF WATER, WASTE WATER, SEWAGE, OR SLUDGE
    • C02F3/00Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage
    • C02F3/34Biological treatment of water, waste water, or sewage characterised by the microorganisms used

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Hydrology & Water Resources (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Environmental & Geological Engineering (AREA)
  • Water Supply & Treatment (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Organic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Water Treatment By Sorption (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device, belong to sanitary sewage disposal field, including sequentially connected filter cylinder, baffle-box, settling tank, adsorption box, removes fuel tank and biochemical filtration case;One side lower part of filter cylinder is furnished with outlet pass, is equipped in filter cylinder and sweeps scraper plate, the free end for sweeping scraper plate extends on filter cylinder madial wall;Filter cylinder is equipped with the discharge port of connection refuse collecting case in outlet pass with respect to side lower part, and filter mesh layer is equipped in refuse collecting case;The shaft driven by high-speed electric expreess locomotive is equipped in adsorption box, spirally circular spiral slide is fixed in shaft, spiral slide outer side edges are attached in absorption box inner wall, activated carbon is uniformly filled at adsorption box internal clearance, the side that adsorption box bottom corresponds to spiral slide lower end is connected with high-temperature steam generation case.The present invention can realize sanitary sewage more comprehensive impurity removal function, especially more efficient to the preliminary function of filtering and absorb and filter of sewage, and treatment effect is preferable.

Description

A kind of sanitary sewage filtering device
Technical field
The present invention relates to sanitary sewage disposal fields, are specifically related to a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device.
Background technology
In the prior art, sanitary sewage refers to the washings discharged in resident's daily life, includes mainly kitchen waste water With toilet sewage, sewage only has a seldom part into processing is crossed in fact, and most of is all untreated be directly discharged into River, pollutant component is complex in sewage, and any type processing method is all difficult to achieve the purpose that be fully cleaned up, and usually It needs several method to form processing system, can be only achieved the requirement of processing, by the difference of degree for the treatment of, sewage disposal system can divide For coagulation, two stage treatment and advanced treating.Coagulation only removes the suspended matter in decontaminated water, based on physical method, place Sewage after reason can't generally reach discharge standard, and the most common bioremediation of two stage treatment, it can significantly be removed It is in the organic matter of colloid and dissolved state in sewage, so that sewage is met discharge standard, but also contain in the water Jing Guo two stage treatment The algae proliferations nutrients such as a certain amount of suspended matter, the indissoluble dissolved organic matter of biology, dissolubility inorganic matter and nitrogen phosphorus Equal many kinds of substance, thus higher discharge standard cannot be met the requirements, tertiary treatment is that further removal two stage treatment fails The pollutant removed.
Currently, disclosing a kind of sanitary sewage self-circulation type one in the patent that application publication number is 107739132 A of CN Body processing unit comprising pretreatment unit, aerobe unit, biochemical filtration unit, disinfection unit, pretreatment unit packet Grid, primary sedimentation tank and regulating reservoir are included, aerobe unit includes secondary settling tank and rotating biological processing unit, biochemical filtration unit packet It includes filter tank and biochemical filtrate, biochemical filtrate is set to inside filter tank, the micro- of further degradation of organic substances is additionally provided on biochemical filtrate Biology, disinfection unit are sterilization pool.Can efficient sewerage processing, mainly have floor space is small, operation cost is low, equipment operation can It leans on, the advantages that decentralized sewage disposal can be achieved.But it has the disadvantage that:Its pre-process in only with being set in container Grid is tentatively filtered, and the collection of filtered sundries is more inconvenient, it is most likely that is had sundries attachment or is stuck on grid And possible water content is more in the sundries for influencing subsequent filter effect, and collecting;All it is using life in the filter mechanism in later stage Object acts on and biochemical filtrate, and filtering function is not comprehensive enough, may contain bioanalysis and chemical method method in treated sewage It is difficult to organic pollution removed etc..
Invention content
1. technical problems to be solved
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is to provide a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device, in the preliminary filtering of sewage Collection sundries can be facilitated, and greatly reduce the water content in sundries;Activated carbon adsorption function, energy are used in the filter mechanism in later stage It removes bioanalysis and chemical method method is difficult to the organic pollution removed, filter effect can be improved in adsorption filtration and promote filtering effect Rate, and the palingenesis of activated carbon is more convenient.
2. technical solution
To solve the above problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of sanitary sewage filtering device, including pass sequentially through pipeline connection filter cylinder, baffle-box, settling tank, adsorption box, Fuel tank and biochemical filtration case are removed,
The end face of the filter cylinder and periphery are all closed, and the end face vertical of the filter cylinder is placed, and one upper lateral part of filter cylinder is equipped with It is connected to the water inlet pipe of filter cylinder inner cavity, the filter cylinder is being equipped with outlet pass on side lower part side wall where water inlet pipe, outside the outlet pass Side is fixed on the water receiving tank on filter cylinder outer surface equipped with perimetral tight, and the water receiving trench bottom is connected to buffering equipped with pipeline one Case;It being equipped in the filter cylinder inner cavity and sweeps scraper plate by what motor one drove, the output shaft of the motor one is set at the center of filter cylinder, Described scraper plate one end of sweeping is fixed on output shaft, and the other end extends on filter cylinder madial wall;The filter cylinder is in water inlet pipe opposite side Lower sides are equipped with discharge port, and refuse collecting case is connected on the outside of the discharge port, strainer is equipped in the refuse collecting case Layer, the filter mesh layer lower section are the catch basin of taper, and the trench bottom that catchments is equipped with the collector pipe being connected to pipeline one, described miscellaneous Object collecting box side is equipped with switching door;
The baffle-box is equipped with the pipeline two being connected to settling tank, the settling tank top towards the side upper end of settling tank Equipped with feeding port;
Central axes are equipped with the shaft driven by high-speed electric expreess locomotive in the adsorption box, and spiral ring is fixed in the shaft The spiral slide being around on the outside of shaft, the spiral slide outer side edges are attached in absorption box inner wall, under the spiral slide The adsorption box side wall of end side is connected to equipped with pipeline three with settling tank, and the adsorption box side wall of spiral slide upper end side is equipped with Pipeline four is connected to fuel tank is removed, and filter screen is equipped at one end port of the pipeline three and the connection adsorption box of pipeline four;It is described Activated carbon is uniformly filled at adsorption box internal clearance, the branch pipe tee connection crosses snorkel and is connected with high-temperature steam generation case, described The position of corresponding spiral slide upper end is equipped with commissioning pipe at the top of adsorption box, and the adsorption box bottom side is equipped with discharge nozzle;
It is described to go to be equipped with oil suction filler in fuel tank, biochemical filtrate and biomembrane are equipped in the biochemical filtration case, it is described to go Fuel tank is connected to biochemical filtration case by pipeline five, and the biochemical filtration case bottom side is equipped with outlet pipe;
It is equipped on the water inlet pipe, pipeline one, pipeline two, pipeline three, pipeline four, pipeline five, outlet pipe and snorkel Valve.
Further, the free end for sweeping scraper plate is equipped with installation gap, and hairbrush is equipped in the installation gap.With It is inswept on cartridge sidewall to sweep scraper plate free end, hairbrush can play the role of cleaning filter cylinder madial wall.
Further, described its border of output shaft upper edge is equidistantly fixed at least three pieces and sweeps scraper plate, sweeps the quantity of scraper plate It is denoted as n, the free end edge for sweeping scraper plate and two sides attach cartridge sidewall, folded between the water inlet pipe and discharge port The corresponding central angle θ of minor arc meets formulaIn this way, can so that do not have adjacent two sweep between scraper plate on the inside of filter cylinder Wall forms the space of relative closure, when the spatial rotational to connection water inlet pipe, intakes in the space, at this point, discharge port corresponds to It is connected to another space, water body is can avoid and refuse collecting case is directly entered by discharge port, when the spatial rotational is to having at outlet pass When, water body can be flowed out from outlet pass, and water body is avoided to flow through refuse collecting case as far as possible, so that water body is directly entered from pipeline one slow Rush case.
Further, the position of the refuse collecting case connection discharge port is equipped with the stock guide positioned at discharge port lower end.It leads Sundries can be oriented in the middle part of refuse collecting case by flitch so that sundries disperses more uniformly in refuse collecting case.
Further, the refuse collecting case is the babinet of cube structure, the cunning being internally provided with below filter mesh layer Rail is equipped with the sliding groove of bottom surface opening on the sliding rail, and the filter mesh layer is mounted in sliding groove bottom, the sliding groove court It is fixed with handle on the side of switching door.Using the fit applications of sliding rail and sliding groove, can be taken out conveniently filter mesh layer and its On the sundries banked up, be convenient to clean.
Further, upper top surface is fixed with longitudinally disposed partition board in the baffle-box, and the front and back end of the partition board attaches The corresponding side wall of baffle-box, the length of the partition board are less than the height of baffle-box, the partition board be located at pipeline one and pipeline two it Between;A upper lateral part connecting pipe three of the settling tank towards adsorption box.Partition board make into baffle-box water body must from every It passes through below plate, then slowly floats, baffle-box could be flowed out, promote buffering effect;Pipeline three is connected to precipitation upper box part, can prevent Only it is passed through sediment.
Further, described to go to attach the stuffing box for going fuel tank sidewall and upper and lower end face hollow out, institute in fuel tank equipped with periphery It is fibrous nodules to state oil suction filler, is filled in stuffing box.Oil suction filler is concentrated in stuffing box, convenient for the collection and more of filler It changes.
Further, the network of biochemical filtration box inner wall is attached in the biochemical filtration case equipped with periphery, it is described Network is covered from center to circumferential expansion, and the biochemistry filtrate is biochemical ring, is filled in network, the biomembrane It is distributed on network, biochemical filtration box top side is equipped with air inlet, and the air inlet is equipped with air filter. Comprehensive covering of biomembrane is also allowed for convenient for the centralized management of biochemical filtrate using network.
3. advantageous effect
(1) present invention includes sequentially connected filter cylinder, baffle-box, settling tank, adsorption box, removes fuel tank and biochemical filtration case, Filter cylinder can tentatively filter off the larger solid sundries for floating and suspending in sanitary sewage, and preliminary filtered water body is in baffle-box It being precipitated into settling tank after buffering, tiny solid sundries, colloid, mud, floccule etc. can precipitate removing in water body, Activated carbon in adsorption box can be in adsorbed water body foul smell, heavy metal compound, biochemical process be difficult to the organic pollution removed Etc. a variety of sundries, fuel tank and biochemical filtration case are removed mainly and can remove respectively grease and the organic matter etc. in water body.It follows that this Invention can realize more comprehensive impurity removal function to sanitary sewage.
(2) one side lower part of filter cylinder in the present invention is furnished with outlet pass, realizes and is separated by solid-liquid separation, and is equipped in filter cylinder and sweeps scraper plate, swept The free end of scraper plate extends on filter cylinder madial wall, and filter cylinder is equipped with the discharging of connection refuse collecting case in outlet pass with respect to side lower part Mouthful, it sweeps scraper plate and can will filter out the sundries come and push discharge port to and be collected, can prevent from blocking outlet pass and influencing subsequently mistake Filter effect;Because discharge port is located at the lower part of water inlet pipe opposite side, rather than the bottom of filter cylinder, sweeps scraper plate and pushing to by sundries When material mouth, need to move up, at this point, water body can flow to filter cylinder bottom and by outlet pass, greatly reduce with sundries enter it is miscellaneous The water of object collecting box may still have very least a portion of water body as larger sundries from discharge port enters refuse collecting case, Because being equipped with filter mesh layer in refuse collecting case, larger sundries stays on filter mesh layer, and aforementioned very least a portion of water body can pass through filter Stratum reticulare greatly reduces the water content in sundries.
(3) it is equipped with the shaft driven by high-speed electric expreess locomotive in adsorption box of the invention, is fixed in shaft spirally circular Spiral slide, spiral slide outer side edges are attached in absorption box inner wall, and activated carbon is uniformly filled at adsorption box internal clearance.It is high Speed motor drive shaft quick rotation drives spiral slide quick rotation, and the active force of a rising is on the one hand provided to water body, Promote water body to move up, activated carbon is passed through to realize filtering, promotes filter efficiency;Meanwhile because spiral slide design so that Water body can only from level to level be rotating along spiral slide and move up, and extend filtering distance so that water body contact as much as possible Activated carbon, to improve filter effect;On the other hand activated carbon and water body are played the role of stirring, promotes activated carbon and water It is uniformly distributed, promotes filter efficiency;Simultaneously so that adsorption hole on activated carbon is as much as possible to be exposed and is contacted with water body, The utilization rate of activated carbon is improved, filter effect is improved.
(4) adsorption box bottom of the invention corresponds to the side of spiral slide lower end and is connected with high-temperature steam and generates case, applies When, high-temperature steam is generated into the high-temperature steam that case generates and is passed through adsorption box, purging can be played the role of to the activated carbon of its inside, It realizes the regeneration of activated carbon, is convenient for the multiple utilization of activated carbon.
To sum up, the present invention can realize sanitary sewage more comprehensive impurity removal function, collection can be facilitated miscellaneous in preliminary filtering Object prevents sundries from blocking outlet pass, plays the role of ensureing filter effect, and greatly reduce the water content in sundries, be conducive to Realize the complete process to water body;Activated carbon adsorption function is used in adsorption filtration, can remove bioanalysis and chemical method method is difficult to The organic pollution of removal, filtering can extend filtering distance, improve the utilization rate of activated carbon, improve filter effect and promote filtering Efficiency, and the palingenesis of activated carbon is more convenient.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the internal structure schematic front view of filter cylinder 1 and refuse collecting case 15;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of 15 internal structure of refuse collecting case;
Fig. 4 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of hairbrush 40;
Fig. 5 is the internal structure schematic diagram of adsorption box 4;
Fig. 6 is the stereoscopic schematic diagram of shaft 23 and spiral slide 24;
Fig. 7 is the internal structure schematic diagram of fuel tank 5 and biochemical filtration case 6.
Reference numeral:1- filter cylinders, 2- baffle-boxs, 3- settling tanks, 4- adsorption boxes, 5- remove fuel tank, 6- biochemical filtration casees, 7- into Water pipe, 8- outlet passes, 9- water receiving tanks, 10- pipelines one, 11- motors one, 12- sweep scraper plate, 13- output shafts, 14- discharge ports, 15- Refuse collecting case, 16- filter mesh layers, 17- catch basins, 18- collector pipes, 19- switching doors, 20- pipelines two, 21- feeding ports, 22- high Speed motor, 23- shafts, 24- spiral slides, 25- pipelines three, 26- pipelines four, 27- filter screens, 28- activated carbons, 29- snorkels, 30- high-temperature steams generate case, 31- commissioning pipes, 32- discharge nozzles, 33- oil suction fillers, 34- biochemistry filtrates, 35- biomembranes, 36- pipes Road five, 37- outlet pipes, 38- valves, 39- installation gaps, 40- hairbrush, 41- stock guides, 42- sliding rails, 43- sliding grooves, 44- handles Hand, 45- partition boards, 46- stuffing boxes, 47- networks, 48- air inlets, 49- air filters.
Specific implementation mode
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and examples.
Embodiment
A kind of sanitary sewage filtering device as shown in Figure 1, including pass sequentially through pipeline connection filter cylinder 1, baffle-box 2, Settling tank 3, adsorption box 4 remove fuel tank 5 and biochemical filtration case 6,
As shown in Fig. 2, the end face of the filter cylinder 1 and periphery are all closed, the end face vertical of the filter cylinder 1 is placed, filter cylinder 1 One upper lateral part is equipped with the water inlet pipe 7 of 1 inner cavity of connection filter cylinder, and the filter cylinder 1 is equipped with water flowing on 7 place side lower part side wall of water inlet pipe Mouth 8,8 outside of the outlet pass are fixed on the water receiving tank 9 on 1 outer surface of filter cylinder equipped with perimetral tight, and 9 bottom of the water receiving tank is set There is pipeline 1 to be connected to baffle-box 2;It is equipped in 1 inner cavity of the filter cylinder and sweeps scraper plate 12, the motor by what motor 1 drove One 11 output shaft 13 is set at the center of filter cylinder 1, and described 12 one end of scraper plate of sweeping is fixed on output shaft 13, and the other end extends to On 1 madial wall of filter cylinder;The filter cylinder 1 is equipped with discharge port 14,14 outside of the discharge port on 7 opposite side lower sides of water inlet pipe It is connected with refuse collecting case 15, filter mesh layer 16 is equipped in the refuse collecting case 15,16 lower section of the filter mesh layer is the collection of taper Sink 17,17 bottom of the catch basin are equipped with the collector pipe 18 being connected to pipeline 1, and 15 side of refuse collecting case is equipped with Switching door 19;
The baffle-box 2 is equipped with the pipeline 2 20 being connected to settling tank 3, the precipitation towards the side upper end of settling tank 3 3 top of case is equipped with feeding port 21;
As shown in Figures 5 and 6, central axes are equipped with the shaft 23 driven by high-speed electric expreess locomotive 22 in the adsorption box 4, described The spiral spiral slide 24 for being surrounded on 23 outside of shaft is fixed in shaft 23,24 outer side edges of the spiral slide are attached to suction On 4 madial wall of attached case, 4 side wall of adsorption box of 24 lower end side of the spiral slide is connected to equipped with pipeline 3 25 with settling tank 3, institute 4 side wall of adsorption box for stating 24 upper end side of spiral slide is connected to equipped with pipeline 4 26 with fuel tank 5 is removed, the pipeline 3 25 and pipeline It is equipped with filter screen 27 at one end port of 4 26 connection adsorption boxes 4;Activated carbon is uniformly filled at 4 internal clearance of the adsorption box 28, the pipeline 3 25 is connected with high-temperature steam by snorkel 29 and generates case 30, the corresponding spiral slide in 4 top of the adsorption box The position of 24 upper ends is equipped with commissioning pipe 31, and 4 bottom side of the adsorption box is equipped with discharge nozzle 32;
It is described to go to be equipped with oil suction filler 33 in fuel tank 5, biochemical filtrate 34 and biomembrane are equipped in the biochemical filtration case 6 35, described that fuel tank 5 is gone to be connected to biochemical filtration case 6 by pipeline 5 36,6 bottom side of biochemical filtration case is equipped with outlet pipe 37;
It the water inlet pipe 7, pipeline 1, pipeline 2 20, pipeline 3 25, pipeline 4 26, pipeline 5 36, outlet pipe 37 and send Valve 38 is equipped on tracheae 29.
In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 4, the free end for sweeping scraper plate 12 is equipped with installation gap 39, the installation lacks Hairbrush 40 is installed in mouth 39.Inswept on 1 side wall of filter cylinder with 12 free end of scraper plate is swept, hairbrush 40 can play cleaning filter cylinder 1 The effect of madial wall.
To strengthen the effect of filter cylinder 1, its border of 13 upper edge of the output shaft is equidistantly fixed at least three pieces and sweeps scraper plate 12, The quantity for sweeping scraper plate 12 is denoted as n, and the free end edge for sweeping scraper plate 12 and two sides attach 1 side wall of filter cylinder, the water inlet pipe 7 The corresponding central angle θ of folded minor arc meets formula between discharge port 14It (in the present embodiment, is swept equipped with three pieces Scraper plate, the corresponding central angle of folded minor arc is 130 ° between water inlet pipe 7 and discharge port 14).In this way, can be so that not having adjacent Two sweep the space with 1 madial wall of filter cylinder formation relative closure between scraper plate 12, should when the spatial rotational to connection water inlet pipe 7 It intakes in space, at this point, discharge port 14, which corresponds to, is connected to another space, can avoid water body and directly received into sundries by discharge port 14 Header 15, when the spatial rotational is to when having at outlet pass, water body can be flowed out from outlet pass 8, avoid water body to flow through as far as possible miscellaneous Object collecting box 15 makes water body directly enter baffle-box 2 from pipeline 1.
In the present embodiment, the refuse collecting case 15 connects the position of discharge port 14 equipped with positioned at 14 lower end of discharge port Stock guide 41.Sundries can be oriented to 15 middle part of refuse collecting case by stock guide 41 so that sundries dispersion in refuse collecting case 15 More uniformly.
In the present embodiment, as shown in Figures 2 and 3, the refuse collecting case 15 be cube structure babinet, inside set There is the sliding rail 42 positioned at 16 lower section of filter mesh layer, the sliding groove 43 of bottom surface opening, the filter mesh layer 16 are installed on the sliding rail 42 On 43 bottom surface of sliding groove, the sliding groove 43 is towards being fixed with handle 44 on the side of switching door 19.Using sliding rail 42 With the fit applications of sliding groove 43, the sundries that can be taken out conveniently filter mesh layer 16 and bank up thereon is convenient to clean.
In the present embodiment, upper top surface is fixed with longitudinally disposed partition board 45 in the baffle-box 2, before the partition board 45 Rear end attaches 2 corresponding side wall of baffle-box, and the length of the partition board 45 is less than the height of baffle-box 2, and the partition board 45 is located at pipe Between road 1 and pipeline 2 20;A upper lateral part connecting pipe three 25 of the settling tank 3 towards adsorption box 4.Partition board 45 makes Into baffle-box 2 water body must passed through from the lower section of partition board 45, then slowly float, could flow out baffle-box 2, promote to buffer and imitate Fruit;Pipeline 3 25 is connected to 3 top of settling tank, can prevent from being passed through sediment.
In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 7, described go in fuel tank 5 to go to 5 side wall of fuel tank and upper and lower end face equipped with periphery attaching The stuffing box 46 of hollow out, the oil suction filler 33 are fibrous nodules, are filled in stuffing box 46.Oil suction filler 33 is concentrated on into filler In box 46, it is convenient for the collection and replacement of filler.
In the present embodiment, as shown in fig. 7, being equipped with periphery in the biochemical filtration case 6 attaches 6 madial wall of biochemical filtration case Network 47, the network 47 from center to circumferential expansion cover, it is described biochemistry filtrate 34 be biochemical ring, be filled in In network 47, the biomembrane 35 is distributed on network 47, and 6 top side of biochemical filtration case is equipped with air inlet 48, the air inlet 48 is equipped with air filter 49.Using network, convenient for the centralized management of biochemical filtrate 34, also just In comprehensive covering of biomembrane 35.
The specific mechanism of above-mentioned sanitary sewage filtering device is:
(1) preliminary filtering:The valve 38 on water inlet pipe 7 is opened, sanitary sewage enters filter cylinder 1, and water body enters from outlet pass 8 Water receiving tank 9, subsequently into pipeline 1;Dirty water float or the larger sundries of suspension can not stay in filter by outlet pass 8 In cylinder 1, start motor 1, drive motor shaft rotation, drive is swept scraper plate 12 and rotated around motor shaft, and the free end edge of scraper plate 12 is swept 1 madial wall of filter cylinder is inswept, and aforementioned larger sundries is swept to discharge port 14, and discharge port 14 is located at the lower part of 7 opposite side of water inlet pipe, Rather than the bottom of filter cylinder 1, scraper plate 12 is swept when pushing sundries to discharge port 14, need to be moved up, at this point, water body can flow to filter 1 bottom of cylinder, and by outlet pass 8, the water for entering refuse collecting case 15 with sundries is greatly reduced, may still there is seldom portion As larger sundries is from discharge port 14 into refuse collecting case 15, larger sundries stays on filter mesh layer 16 water body divided, preceding It states very least a portion of water body and enters catch basin 17 for 27 layer 16 across strainer, finally enter pipeline 1 along collector pipe 18, subtract significantly The water content in sundries is lacked, the water body in pipeline 1 enters baffle-box 2 along pipeline 1;
(2) it precipitates:By the water body tentatively filtered enter baffle-box 2 mitigate water body internal flow, and from pipeline 2 20 into Enter settling tank 3, the adjuvants such as flocculant are added by feeding port 21, the fine particles in water body and natural micelle can be made to agglomerate At larger floccule, promote the precipitation of part sundries, after the precipitations such as mud in water body, water quality is purified, then top More clear water body enters adsorption box 4 from pipeline 3 25;
(3) it absorbs and filter:When water body initially enters adsorption box 4, startup high-speed electric expreess locomotive 22,23 quick rotation of drive shaft, 24 quick rotation of spiral slide is driven, on the one hand the active force of a rising to water body is provided, promote water body to move up, pass through Activated carbon 28 realizes filtering, promotes filter efficiency;Meanwhile because spiral slide 24 design so that water body can only be along spiral slide Road 24 is rotating from level to level to move up, and extends filtering distance so that water body contact activated carbon 28 as much as possible, to improve Filter effect;On the other hand activated carbon 28 and water body are played the role of stirring, promotion activated carbon 28 is uniformly distributed with water, is carried Rise filter efficiency;Simultaneously so that adsorption hole on activated carbon 28 is as much as possible to be exposed and contacted with water body, and activated carbon is improved 28 utilization rate improves filter effect;
(4) oil removing, biochemical filtration:Water body by adsorption treatment enters from pipeline 4 26 removes fuel tank 5, goes in fuel tank 5 Oil suction filler 33 draws the grease in water body, the recyclable raw material as biodiesel;Water body after oil removing from pipeline 5 36 into Enter biochemical filtration case 6, biochemical filler can further remove the impurity in water body, and biomembrane 35 can remove organic in water body Object, water body are finally discharged from outlet pipe 37.
When adsorption hole will be saturated on activated carbon 28 in adsorption box 4, starts high-temperature steam and generate case 30, open snorkel Valve 38 on 29, high-temperature steam are passed through adsorption box 4, can play the role of purging to the activated carbon 28 of its inside, realize activity The multiple utilization of activated carbon 28 is convenient in the regeneration of charcoal 28.It, can will be active from discharge nozzle 32 after activated carbon 28 reaches service life Charcoal 28 takes out, and new activated carbon 28 is then put into from commissioning pipe 31, realizes the replacement of activated carbon 28.
As shown in the above, the present invention can realize more comprehensive impurity removal function to sanitary sewage, especially to sewage It is preliminary filter and the function of adsorption filtration is more efficient, can facilitate collection sundries in preliminary filtering, prevent sundries from blocking water flowing Mouthful, play the role of ensureing filter effect, and greatly reduce the water content in sundries, is advantageously implemented the complete place to water body Reason;Activated carbon adsorption function is used in the filter mechanism in later stage, can remove bioanalysis and chemical method method is difficult to the organic dirt removed Object is contaminated, filtering distance can be extended in adsorption filtration, improves the utilization rate of activated carbon, improve filter effect and promotes filter efficiency, And the palingenesis of activated carbon is more convenient.
Those of ordinary skill in the art it should be appreciated that more than embodiment be intended merely to illustrate the present invention, And be not used as limitation of the invention, as long as in the spirit of the present invention, the change to embodiment described above Change, modification will all be fallen in scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device, which is characterized in that filter cylinder (1), baffle-box including passing sequentially through pipeline connection (2), settling tank (3), adsorption box (4), remove fuel tank (5) and biochemical filtration case (6),
The end face of the filter cylinder (1) and periphery are all closed, and the end face vertical of the filter cylinder (1) is placed, (1) one upper lateral part of filter cylinder Water inlet pipe (7) equipped with connection filter cylinder (1) inner cavity, the filter cylinder (1) are being equipped with water flowing on side lower part side wall where water inlet pipe (7) Mouth (8), outlet pass (8) outside are fixed on the water receiving tank (9) on filter cylinder (1) outer surface, the water receiving equipped with perimetral tight Slot (9) bottom is connected to baffle-box (2) equipped with pipeline one (10);It is equipped in filter cylinder (1) inner cavity and is driven by motor one (11) Sweep scraper plate (12), the output shaft (13) of the motor one (11) is set at the center of filter cylinder (1), described to sweep scraper plate (12) one end It is fixed on output shaft (13), the other end extends on filter cylinder (1) madial wall;The filter cylinder (1) is under water inlet pipe (7) opposite side Portion's side wall is equipped with discharge port (14), and refuse collecting case (15), the refuse collecting case are connected on the outside of the discharge port (14) (15) it is equipped with filter mesh layer (16) in, is the catch basin (17) of taper, catch basin (17) bottom below the filter mesh layer (16) Equipped with the collector pipe (18) being connected to pipeline one (10), refuse collecting case (15) side is equipped with switching door (19);
The baffle-box (2) is equipped with the pipeline two (20) being connected to settling tank (3) towards the side upper end of settling tank (3), described Feeding port (21) is equipped at the top of settling tank (3);
The interior central axes of the adsorption box (4) are equipped with the shaft (23) driven by high-speed electric expreess locomotive (22), consolidate on the shaft (23) There are the spiral spiral slide (24) being surrounded on the outside of shaft (23), spiral slide (24) outer side edges to be attached to adsorption box surely (4) on madial wall, adsorption box (4) side wall of spiral slide (24) the lower end side is equipped with pipeline three (25) and settling tank (3) Connection, adsorption box (4) side wall of spiral slide (24) the upper end side are connected to equipped with pipeline four (26) with fuel tank (5) is removed, institute It states and is equipped with filter screen (27) at one end port of pipeline three (25) and pipeline four (26) connection adsorption box (4);The adsorption box (4) activated carbon (28) is uniformly filled at internal clearance, the pipeline three (25) is connected with high-temperature steam by snorkel (29) and produces The position of raw case (30), described corresponding spiral slide (24) upper end in adsorption box (4) top is equipped with commissioning pipe (31), the adsorption box (4) bottom side is equipped with discharge nozzle (32);
It is described to go to be equipped with oil suction filler (33) in fuel tank (5), biochemical filtrate (34) and biology are equipped in the biochemical filtration case (6) Film (35), it is described that fuel tank (5) is gone to be connected to biochemical filtration case (6), biochemical filtration case (6) bottom side by pipeline five (36) Equipped with outlet pipe (37);
The water inlet pipe (7), pipeline one (10), pipeline two (20), pipeline three (25), pipeline four (26), pipeline five (36), water outlet It is equipped with valve (38) on pipe (37) and snorkel (29).
2. a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the freedom for sweeping scraper plate (12) End is equipped with installation gap (39), and hairbrush (40) is equipped in the installation gap (39).
3. a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that output shaft (13) upper edge its Border is equidistantly fixed at least three pieces and sweeps scraper plate (12), and the quantity for sweeping scraper plate (12) is denoted as n, the freedom for sweeping scraper plate (12) End edge and two sides attach filter cylinder (1) side wall, the corresponding circle of folded minor arc between the water inlet pipe (7) and discharge port (14) Heart angle θ meets formula
4. a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the refuse collecting case (15) is even The position for picking out material mouth (14) is equipped with the stock guide (41) for being located at discharge port (14) lower end.
5. a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the refuse collecting case (15) is The babinet of cube structure, the sliding rail (42) being internally provided with below filter mesh layer (16) are equipped with bottom on the sliding rail (42) The sliding groove (43) of face opening, the filter mesh layer (16) are mounted on sliding groove (43) bottom surface, and sliding groove (43) direction is opened It closes and is fixed with handle (44) on the side of door (19).
6. a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that upper top in the baffle-box (2) Face is fixed with longitudinally disposed partition board (45), and the front and back end of the partition board (45) attaches the corresponding side wall of baffle-box (2), it is described every The length of plate (45) is less than the height of baffle-box (2), and the partition board (45) is between pipeline one (10) and pipeline two (20);Institute State a upper lateral part connecting pipe three (25) of the settling tank (3) towards adsorption box (4).
7. a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that described to go in fuel tank (5) to be equipped with Periphery, which attaches, removes fuel tank (5) side wall and the stuffing box (46) of upper and lower end face hollow out, and the oil suction filler (33) is fibrous nodules, filling In stuffing box (46).
8. a kind of sanitary sewage filtering device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that in the biochemical filtration case (6) The network (47) of biochemical filtration case (6) madial wall is attached equipped with periphery, the network (47) is expanded from center to periphery Exhibition covering, the biochemistry filtrate (34) is biochemical ring, is filled in network (47), the biomembrane (35) is distributed in netted On holder (47), biochemical filtration case (6) top side is equipped with air inlet (48), and the air inlet (48) is equipped with air mistake Filter (49).
CN201810755018.0A 2018-07-11 2018-07-11 Domestic sewage filter material device Active CN108773987B (en)

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CN110921814A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-03-27 孟召阳 Aerobic fluidized bed easy to separate for environment-friendly water treatment
CN110981027A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-10 浙江五水环境工程有限公司 Treatment equipment and treatment method for phthalic acid wastewater in industrial sewage
CN112121522A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-25 潢川县鹏升畜产品有限公司 A collect belt cleaning device for heparin sodium draws resin
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CN113202172A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-08-03 鹏图建设有限公司 Drainage system convenient to alleviate town road ponding
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CN110921814A (en) * 2019-12-16 2020-03-27 孟召阳 Aerobic fluidized bed easy to separate for environment-friendly water treatment
CN110981027A (en) * 2019-12-25 2020-04-10 浙江五水环境工程有限公司 Treatment equipment and treatment method for phthalic acid wastewater in industrial sewage
CN112121522A (en) * 2020-09-21 2020-12-25 潢川县鹏升畜产品有限公司 A collect belt cleaning device for heparin sodium draws resin
CN112296746A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-02-02 熙珑(上海)机床有限公司 Filter equipment for cutting fluid of digit control machine tool and digit control machine tool thereof
CN112296746B (en) * 2020-10-30 2022-07-19 熙珑(上海)机床有限公司 Filter equipment for cutting fluid of digit control machine tool
CN113003780A (en) * 2021-03-11 2021-06-22 江苏贵兴市政工程有限公司 Municipal sewage integrates processing apparatus
CN113003780B (en) * 2021-03-11 2022-02-18 江苏贵兴市政工程有限公司 Municipal sewage integrates processing apparatus
CN113202172A (en) * 2021-05-31 2021-08-03 鹏图建设有限公司 Drainage system convenient to alleviate town road ponding
CN113202172B (en) * 2021-05-31 2022-05-10 鹏图建设有限公司 Drainage system convenient to alleviate town road ponding
CN115490362A (en) * 2022-09-16 2022-12-20 四川发展环境科学技术研究院有限公司 Intelligent aquaculture wastewater treatment device and method

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