CN108771279B - Fodder is smashed and garrulous drying equipment - Google Patents

Fodder is smashed and garrulous drying equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108771279B
CN108771279B CN201810641801.4A CN201810641801A CN108771279B CN 108771279 B CN108771279 B CN 108771279B CN 201810641801 A CN201810641801 A CN 201810641801A CN 108771279 B CN108771279 B CN 108771279B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
conical
crushing
drying box
cylinder
drying
Prior art date
Application number
CN201810641801.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN108771279A (en
Inventor
余晓飞
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温州市飞博工程设计有限公司
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Priority to CN201810641801.4A priority Critical patent/CN108771279B/en
Publication of CN108771279A publication Critical patent/CN108771279A/en
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Publication of CN108771279B publication Critical patent/CN108771279B/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; THEIR TREATMENT, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23NMACHINES OR APPARATUS FOR TREATING HARVESTED FRUIT, VEGETABLES OR FLOWER BULBS IN BULK, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; PEELING VEGETABLES OR FRUIT IN BULK; APPARATUS FOR PREPARING ANIMAL FEEDING- STUFFS
    • A23N17/00Apparatus specially adapted for preparing animal feeding-stuffs

Abstract

The invention discloses a feed crushing and crushing drying device, which comprises a drying box and a crushing barrel; a conical cylinder is arranged in the drying box, and a plurality of groups of annular screen plates are arranged on the inner wall of the conical cylinder; the center of the conical cylinder is provided with a rotating shaft, the top end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a dispersion disc, and the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the conical cylinder through a horizontal rod; and a plurality of groups of conical covers are fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, and the conical covers and the annular screen plates are distributed in a vertically staggered manner. According to the invention, the crushed feed uniformly rolls off on the inner wall of the conical barrel, the annular screen plates and the conical cover through the metal mesh conical barrel, the annular screen plates and the conical cover which are distributed in a staggered manner and the dispersion disc, so that the feed rolling speed is delayed, hot air is fully contacted with the feed, the feed accumulation is avoided, and the drying uniformity and efficiency are improved; the invention filters and adsorbs the waste gas by arranging the activated carbon filter pipe, thereby avoiding air pollution.

Description

Fodder is smashed and garrulous drying equipment

Technical Field

The invention relates to the field of feed processing machinery, in particular to a feed crushing and drying device.

Background

In the feed processing process, the feed needs to be crushed and dried so as to be convenient for transportation and storage, and the dryer is adopted to dry the feed, so that the feed processing efficiency is greatly improved; but traditional drying device adopts the stirring structure to stir the fodder, has reached even fast drying's purpose, but the stirring in-process still exists between gluing the fodder and piles up the phenomenon, causes the stoving inhomogeneous, and is not thorough, has reduced the efficiency of stoving, has increased the power consumption.

Need one kind can be more efficient smash and drying equipment, avoid the fodder to pile up the influence to the stoving operation for the fodder can more even stoving, stoving more thoroughly.

Disclosure of Invention

The invention aims to provide a feed crushing and crushing drying device to solve the problems in the background technology.

In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides the following technical scheme:

a fodder crushing and drying device comprises a drying box and a crushing barrel; the center of the top of the drying box is communicated with a crushing barrel, and the left end of the crushing barrel is communicated with a feeding hopper; a spiral blade roller is arranged in the crushing barrel, a cross-shaped knife is fixedly connected to the lower end of the spiral blade roller, and a sieve plate is arranged at the communication position of the crushing barrel and the drying box; a conical cylinder is arranged in the drying box, and a plurality of groups of annular screen plates are arranged on the inner wall of the conical cylinder; the center of the conical cylinder is provided with a rotating shaft, the top end of the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with a dispersion disc, and the rotating shaft is fixedly connected with the conical cylinder through a horizontal rod; a plurality of groups of conical covers are fixedly connected to the rotating shaft, each conical cover is a conical hollow cover, and the conical covers and the annular screen plates are distributed in a vertically staggered manner; the outer side of the conical barrel is sleeved with a plurality of layers of annular spray pipes which are distributed up and down, the inner sides of the annular spray pipes are circumferentially distributed with air spray heads, and the annular spray pipes are communicated with a hot air blower through air delivery pipes; the right side of the drying box is communicated with an exhaust pipe.

As a further scheme of the invention: the helical blade roller extends to the upper part of the crushing barrel and is connected with an output shaft of a first driving motor through a coupler, and the first driving motor is fixedly connected with the crushing barrel through a mounting plate.

As a further scheme of the invention: the conical cylinder is a conical metal net cylinder with openings at the upper end and the lower end, and meshes are uniformly distributed on the surface of the conical cylinder.

As a further scheme of the invention: the upper end of the conical cylinder is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the drying box through a first bearing sleeve, and the lower end of the conical cylinder extends into the bottom plate of the drying box and is rotatably connected with the bottom plate of the drying box through a second bearing sleeve.

As a further scheme of the invention: the annular screen plate is an annular metal screen plate.

As a further scheme of the invention: the exhaust pipe is communicated with an active carbon filter pipe.

As a further scheme of the invention: a discharging pipe is communicated with the lower part of the conical cylinder, the discharging pipe is fixedly connected with the bottom of the drying box in a bolt fixing mode, and a discharging hole is formed in the side surface of the discharging pipe; the rotating shaft penetrates through the discharging pipe and is rotatably connected with a base through a bearing seat, and the base is fixedly connected with the drying box; the rotating shaft is connected with an output shaft of a second driving motor through a transmission belt, and the second driving motor is fixedly connected with the base in a bolt fixing mode.

Compared with the prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects that: according to the invention, the crushed feed uniformly rolls off on the inner wall of the conical barrel, the annular screen plates and the conical cover through the metal mesh conical barrel, the annular screen plates and the conical cover which are distributed in a staggered manner and the dispersion disc, so that the feed rolling speed is delayed, hot air is fully contacted with the feed, the feed accumulation is avoided, and the drying uniformity and efficiency are improved; the invention filters and adsorbs the waste gas by arranging the activated carbon filter pipe, thereby avoiding air pollution.

Drawings

FIG. 1 is a schematic structural view of a fodder crushing and drying apparatus;

FIG. 2 is a schematic view of a crushing drum in the fodder crushing and crushing drying apparatus;

FIG. 3 is a perspective view of a conical drum in the feed crushing and drying apparatus;

FIG. 4 is a schematic view of a structure of a dispersion plate in the fodder crushing and drying apparatus;

fig. 5 is a top view of a dispersion tray in the feed grinding and break drying apparatus.

In the figure: 1-drying box; 2-a crushing cylinder; 3-a helical blade roller; 4-a coupler; 5-a first drive motor; 6, mounting a plate; 7-a feeding hopper; 8-a cross knife; 9-sieve plate; 10-mesh; 11-a conical cylinder; 12-horizontal bar; 13-a rotating shaft; 14-a first bearing sleeve; 15-ring-shaped mesh plate; 16-a conical cover; 17-a second bearing sleeve; 18-an annular gas lance; 19-gas pipe; 20-a hot air blower; 21-a discharge pipe; 22-a drive belt; 23-a second drive motor; 24-a support seat; 25-an exhaust pipe; 26-a dispersion tray; 27-activated carbon filter tube.

Detailed Description

The technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below with reference to the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and it is obvious that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, and not all of the embodiments. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Example 1

Referring to fig. 1 to 3, in an embodiment of the present invention, a fodder crushing and drying apparatus includes a drying box 1 and a crushing cylinder 2; the top center of the drying box 1 is communicated with a crushing cylinder 2, and the left end of the crushing cylinder 2 is communicated with a feeding hopper 7; a spiral blade roller 3 is arranged in the crushing barrel 2, a cross-shaped knife 8 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the spiral blade roller 3, a sieve plate 9 is arranged at the position where the crushing barrel 2 is communicated with the drying box 1, and sieve holes are uniformly distributed on the sieve plate 9; the helical blade roller 3 extends to the upper part of the crushing barrel 2 and is connected with an output shaft of a first driving motor 5 through a coupling 4, and the first driving motor 5 is fixedly connected with the crushing barrel 2 through a mounting plate 6; the first driving motor 5 drives the helical blade roller 3 and the cross-shaped knife 8 to rotate, so that the feed is extruded and crushed, and the crushing efficiency is high; a conical cylinder 11 is arranged in the drying box 1, the conical cylinder 11 is a conical metal mesh cylinder with openings at the upper end and the lower end, and meshes are uniformly distributed on the surface of the conical cylinder 11; the upper end of the conical cylinder 11 is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the drying box 1 through a first bearing sleeve 14, and the lower end of the conical cylinder 11 extends into the bottom plate of the drying box 1 and is rotatably connected with the bottom plate of the drying box 1 through a second bearing sleeve 17; a plurality of groups of annular screen plates 15 are arranged on the inner wall of the conical barrel 11, and the annular screen plates 15 are annular metal screen plates; a rotating shaft 13 is arranged at the center of the conical cylinder 11, and the rotating shaft 13 is fixedly connected with the conical cylinder 11 through a horizontal rod 12; a plurality of groups of conical covers 16 are fixedly connected to the rotating shaft 13, the conical covers 16 are conical hollow covers, and the conical covers 16 and the annular net plates 15 are distributed in a vertically staggered manner; a blanking pipe 21 is communicated below the conical barrel 11, the blanking pipe 21 is fixedly connected with the bottom of the drying box 1 in a bolt fixing mode, and a discharging hole is formed in the side surface of the blanking pipe 21; the rotating shaft 13 penetrates through the blanking pipe 21 and is rotatably connected with a base 24 through a bearing seat, and the base 24 is fixedly connected with the drying box 1; the rotating shaft 13 is connected with an output shaft of a second driving motor 23 through a transmission belt 22, the second driving motor 23 is fixedly connected with a base 24 through a bolt fixing mode, the second driving motor 24 drives the rotating shaft 13 to rotate through the transmission belt 22, and then drives the conical barrel 11 to rotate, so that the crushed feed rolls downwards along the inner wall of the conical barrel 11, and the falling speed of the feed is delayed under the action of the annular net plate 15 and the conical cover 16; the outer side of the conical barrel 11 is sleeved with a plurality of layers of annular spray pipes 18 which are distributed up and down, the inner sides of the annular spray pipes 18 are circumferentially provided with spray heads, the annular spray pipes 18 are communicated with a hot air blower 20 through air conveying pipes 19, the hot air blower 20 is fixedly connected with the drying box 1, hot air generated by the hot air blower 20 is conveyed to the spray heads of the annular spray pipes 18 through the air conveying pipes 19 to be sprayed out, and the feed in the rolling-off process is dried; the right side of the drying box 1 is communicated with an exhaust pipe 25, and waste gas is exhausted from the exhaust pipe.

Example 2

Referring to fig. 4 and 5, the present embodiment is different from embodiment 1 in that: the top end of the rotating shaft 13 is fixedly connected with a dispersion plate 26, the dispersion plate 26 is driven by the rotating shaft 13 to rotate, and feed falling from the crushing barrel 2 is thrown outwards, so that the feed is uniformly dispersed on the inner wall of the conical barrel 11, feed accumulation is avoided, the feed is uniformly spread on the inner wall of the conical barrel 11, and the hot air drying efficiency is improved; the exhaust pipe 25 is communicated with an active carbon filter pipe 27, and the active carbon filter pipe 27 is filled with active carbon to filter waste gas and avoid air pollution.

The following are specifically mentioned: the crushing cylinder and the air heater in the application are the prior art; the conical barrel, the annular screen plate, the conical cover, the annular spray pipe and the dispersion disc are innovation points of the application; the netted toper section of thick bamboo of metal to and crisscross annular otter board and the toper cover that distributes in the toper section of thick bamboo, make fodder slowly roll in a toper section of thick bamboo, the time of extension fodder and hot-blast contact, the dispersion impeller is with fodder homodisperse, makes fodder and hot-blast abundant contact, avoids the fodder to pile up, improves the homogeneity of drying, makes to dry thoroughly fast more.

It will be evident to those skilled in the art that the invention is not limited to the details of the foregoing illustrative embodiments, and that the present invention may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential attributes thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein. Any reference sign in a claim should not be construed as limiting the claim concerned.

Furthermore, it should be understood that although the present description refers to embodiments, not every embodiment may contain only a single embodiment, and such description is for clarity only, and those skilled in the art should integrate the description, and the embodiments may be combined as appropriate to form other embodiments understood by those skilled in the art.

Claims (6)

1. A fodder crushing and drying equipment comprises a drying box (1) and a crushing barrel (2); the drying box is characterized in that the center of the top of the drying box (1) is communicated with a crushing cylinder (2), and the left end of the crushing cylinder (2) is communicated with a feeding hopper (7); a spiral blade roller (3) is arranged in the crushing barrel (2), a cross-shaped knife (8) is fixedly connected to the lower end of the spiral blade roller (3), and a sieve plate (9) is arranged at the communication position of the crushing barrel (2) and the drying box (1); a conical cylinder (11) is arranged in the drying box (1), and a plurality of groups of annular screen plates (15) are arranged on the inner wall of the conical cylinder (11); a rotating shaft (13) is arranged at the center of the conical barrel (11), the top end of the rotating shaft (13) is fixedly connected with a dispersion disc (26), and the rotating shaft (13) is fixedly connected with the conical barrel (11) through a horizontal rod (12); a plurality of groups of conical covers (16) are fixedly connected to the rotating shaft (13), the conical covers (16) are conical hollow covers, and the conical covers (16) and the annular screen plates (15) are distributed in a vertically staggered manner; a plurality of layers of annular spray pipes (18) which are distributed up and down are sleeved on the outer side of the conical barrel (11), air spray heads are distributed on the inner side of each annular spray pipe (18) in a circumferential mode, and the annular spray pipes (18) are communicated with a hot air blower (20) through air conveying pipes (19); the right side of the drying box (1) is communicated with an exhaust pipe (25); the conical cylinder (11) is a conical metal net cylinder with openings at the upper end and the lower end, and meshes are uniformly distributed on the surface of the conical cylinder (11).
2. A fodder crushing and crushing drying equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that the helical blade roller (3) extends above the crushing drum (2) and is connected with the output shaft of the first driving motor (5) through the coupling (4), and the first driving motor (5) is fixedly connected with the crushing drum (2) through the mounting plate (6).
3. A fodder crushing and crushing drying equipment according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper end of the cone-shaped cylinder (11) is rotatably connected with the inner wall of the drying box (1) through a first bearing sleeve (14), and the lower end of the cone-shaped cylinder (11) extends into the bottom plate of the drying box (1) and is rotatably connected with the bottom plate of the drying box (1) through a second bearing sleeve (17).
4. A fodder crushing and drying apparatus according to claim 1, wherein the circular net plate (15) is a circular metal net plate.
5. A fodder crushing and drying apparatus according to claim 1, characterized in that the exhaust duct (25) is connected to an activated carbon filter duct (27).
6. The feed crushing, smashing and drying equipment according to claim 1, wherein a blanking pipe (21) is communicated below the conical barrel (11), the blanking pipe (21) is fixedly connected with the bottom of the drying box (1) in a bolt fixing mode, and a discharge hole is formed in the side surface of the blanking pipe (21); the rotating shaft (13) penetrates through the discharging pipe (21) and is rotatably connected with a base (24) through a bearing seat, and the base (24) is fixedly connected with the drying box (1); the rotating shaft (13) is connected with an output shaft of a second driving motor (23) through a transmission belt (22), and the second driving motor (23) is fixedly connected with the base (24) in a bolt fixing mode.
CN201810641801.4A 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 Fodder is smashed and garrulous drying equipment CN108771279B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810641801.4A CN108771279B (en) 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 Fodder is smashed and garrulous drying equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (2)

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CN201810641801.4A CN108771279B (en) 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 Fodder is smashed and garrulous drying equipment
CN202011072121.9A CN112167680A (en) 2018-06-21 2018-06-21 Fodder is smashed fast and garrulous drying equipment

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CN108771279B true CN108771279B (en) 2020-11-10

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109631498A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-04-16 柳良红 A kind of energy-saving feed particle drying equipment
CN109780845A (en) * 2019-02-02 2019-05-21 王德胜 A kind of environment-friendly feed particle drying equipment
CN111219949A (en) * 2019-12-06 2020-06-02 湖南慕她生物科技发展有限公司 Spice processing equipment containing lily

Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010064551A (en) * 1999-12-29 2001-07-09 김동민 Apparatus for making garbage into dry pellets for animal feed
CN203290068U (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-11-20 宁德市富发水产有限公司 Automatic soft granule bait machine
CN206390261U (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-08-11 昆明正阳饲料有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency feed granulating system
CN107307459A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-03 吴连庆 A kind of feed manufacturing drying screening plant
CN107525389A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-29 周建明 A kind of high-efficiency feed crushes drying plant
CN107552179A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-01-09 余姚市婉珍五金厂 Ozone sterilization formula feed stripped apparatus for crushing and treating
CN107853739A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-03-30 郑州丽福爱生物技术有限公司 Feed crushes and drying unit
CN107952540A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-24 余姚市婉珍五金厂 A kind of rotary type feed crushes drying unit

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010064551A (en) * 1999-12-29 2001-07-09 김동민 Apparatus for making garbage into dry pellets for animal feed
CN203290068U (en) * 2013-06-18 2013-11-20 宁德市富发水产有限公司 Automatic soft granule bait machine
CN206390261U (en) * 2016-12-09 2017-08-11 昆明正阳饲料有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency feed granulating system
CN107307459A (en) * 2017-07-28 2017-11-03 吴连庆 A kind of feed manufacturing drying screening plant
CN107552179A (en) * 2017-09-20 2018-01-09 余姚市婉珍五金厂 Ozone sterilization formula feed stripped apparatus for crushing and treating
CN107525389A (en) * 2017-09-29 2017-12-29 周建明 A kind of high-efficiency feed crushes drying plant
CN107853739A (en) * 2017-10-27 2018-03-30 郑州丽福爱生物技术有限公司 Feed crushes and drying unit
CN107952540A (en) * 2017-11-10 2018-04-24 余姚市婉珍五金厂 A kind of rotary type feed crushes drying unit

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CN112167680A (en) 2021-01-05
CN108771279A (en) 2018-11-09

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Address after: Room 101-9, building 3, Guanglong building, Shuangyu street, Lucheng District, Wenzhou City, Zhejiang Province 325000

Applicant after: WENZHOU FEIBO ENGINEERING DESIGN Co.,Ltd.

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