CN108762354A - Transformer room system - Google Patents

Transformer room system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108762354A
CN108762354A CN201810845964.4A CN201810845964A CN108762354A CN 108762354 A CN108762354 A CN 108762354A CN 201810845964 A CN201810845964 A CN 201810845964A CN 108762354 A CN108762354 A CN 108762354A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
monitoring
monitoring subsystem
main control
control terminal
subsystem
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CN201810845964.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
洪海生
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Guangzhou Power Supply Bureau of Guangdong Power Grid Co Ltd
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Guangzhou Power Supply Bureau Co Ltd
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Application filed by Guangzhou Power Supply Bureau Co Ltd filed Critical Guangzhou Power Supply Bureau Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810845964.4A priority Critical patent/CN108762354A/en
Publication of CN108762354A publication Critical patent/CN108762354A/en
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G05CONTROLLING; REGULATING
    • G05DSYSTEMS FOR CONTROLLING OR REGULATING NON-ELECTRIC VARIABLES
    • G05D27/00Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00
    • G05D27/02Simultaneous control of variables covered by two or more of main groups G05D1/00 - G05D25/00 characterised by the use of electric means

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of transformer room system, including main control terminal and multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems, multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems include equipment condition monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem, safety monitoring subsystem;Main control terminal is used to obtain the output parameter of multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems, and sends control instruction to multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems according to output parameter;Equipment condition monitoring subsystem is used for monitor equipment status parameter, and to main control terminal sending device state parameter;Environmental monitoring subsystem is used to monitor the environmental parameter of power distribution room, and adjusts environmental parameter according to control instruction;Safety monitoring subsystem sends biological information for acquiring biological information, to main control terminal, and according to control instruction opening door lock or alarms.Above-mentioned transformer room system can monitor environmental parameter and equipment state in power distribution room in real time, moreover it is possible to which whether the personnel of identification into power distribution room are competent person, the integrated managements such as inquiry, monitoring, early warning to realize system, are not necessarily to manual inspection.

Description

Transformer room system
Technical field
The present invention relates to distribution technique fields, more particularly to a kind of transformer room system.
Background technology
" last one kilometer " of the power distribution room as modern power systems plays the important function of transmission and distribution electric energy. However power distribution room is also a weak link of Electrical Safety management, is susceptible to that equipment is stolen, equipment operation overheat burns, soaks Phenomena such as water.
The management in conventional electrical distribution room is mainly realized by manual inspection, since power distribution room is large number of, and in region Upper distribution very dispersion and extensively, therefore limited in O&M manpower and materials, that there are timeliness is weak for manual inspection, patrols The shortcomings that examining blind area, cannot achieve the integrated managements such as the inquiry, monitoring, early warning of system.And due to inside the power distribution room of part and Ambient enviroment is severe, and patrol officer has electric shock, gassing equivalent risk during inspection.
Invention content
Based on this, it is necessary to need manual inspection for conventional electrical distribution room, cannot achieve the problem of integrated management, provide one kind Transformer room system.
A kind of transformer room system, including equipment condition monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem, safety monitoring subsystem and Main control terminal;Main control terminal is for obtaining equipment condition monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and safety monitoring subsystem Output parameter, and sent out to equipment condition monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and safety monitoring subsystem according to output parameter Send control instruction;Equipment condition monitoring subsystem is used for monitor equipment status parameter, and joins to main control terminal sending device state Number;Environmental monitoring subsystem is used to monitor the environmental parameter of power distribution room, and adjusts environmental parameter according to control instruction;Safety monitoring Subsystem sends biological information for acquiring biological information, to main control terminal, and according to control instruction opening door lock or is reported It is alert.
Above-mentioned transformer room system can by equipment state subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and safety monitoring subsystem Monitor the environmental parameter and equipment state in power distribution room in real time, moreover it is possible to whether the personnel of identification into power distribution room are competent person, The integrated managements such as inquiry, monitoring, early warning to realize system, are not necessarily to manual inspection, and timeliness is strong and more comprehensive.
Environmental monitoring subsystem includes environmental control, environment regulating device and multiple biographies in one of the embodiments, Sensor, environmental control are separately connected main control terminal, environment regulating device and multiple sensors.
Transformer room system further includes in one of the embodiments,:Video monitoring subsystem, for being recorded according to control instruction It makes and stores video.
Video monitoring subsystem includes video camera and record a video storage device, video camera and record in one of the embodiments, As storage device is connect with environmental control respectively.
Main control terminal is additionally operable to reach default cigarette in the output parameter of smoke monitoring subsystem in one of the embodiments, When mist concentration threshold, video record instruction is sent to video monitoring subsystem.
Main control terminal is additionally operable to reach pre- in the output parameter of equipment condition monitoring subsystem in one of the embodiments, When alarm threshold, video record instruction is sent to video monitoring subsystem.
In one of the embodiments, equipment condition monitoring subsystem include transformer monitoring equipment, high-voltage board monitoring set Standby and low-voltage cabinet monitoring device, transformer monitoring equipment, high-voltage board monitoring device and low-voltage cabinet monitoring device are whole with master control respectively End connection.
In one of the embodiments, safety monitoring subsystem include alarm, biological identification device, access controller and Electric control lock, access controller are connect with alarm, biological identification device, electric control lock and main control terminal respectively.
Safety monitoring subsystem further includes recognition of face host and camera, recognition of face in one of the embodiments, Host is separately connected camera and main control terminal;Main control terminal is additionally operable to after electric control lock is opened, and is sent to recognition of face host Recognition of face instructs;Recognition of face host be used for obtain camera acquisition image, and according to recognition of face instruction to image into Row recognition of face;Main control terminal is additionally operable to, when recognition of face fails, alarm command be sent to alarm.
Transformer room system further includes server in one of the embodiments,;Main control terminal is additionally operable to according to equipment state The output parameter of monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and safety monitoring subsystem generates monitoring parameter, and is sent out to server Send monitoring parameter;Server generates teleinstruction for receiving monitoring data, and according to monitoring data, and is sent to main control terminal Teleinstruction;Main control terminal is additionally operable to generate control instruction according to teleinstruction.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the transformer room system of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of the equipment condition monitoring subsystem of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the environmental monitoring subsystem of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the environmental monitoring subsystem of another embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of the safety monitoring subsystem of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of the transformer room system of another embodiment of the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, with reference to the accompanying drawings and embodiments, right The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only used to explain the present invention, not For limiting the present invention.
For example, a kind of transformer room system comprising main control terminal and multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems, main control terminal are more for obtaining The output parameter of a Monitor And Control Subsystem, and control instruction is sent to multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems according to output parameter;Multiple monitoring System includes:Environmental monitoring subsystem, the environmental parameter for monitoring power distribution room, and environmental parameter is adjusted according to control instruction; Safety monitoring subsystem sends biological information, and according to control instruction opening door lock for acquiring biological information to main control terminal Or it alarms;Equipment condition monitoring subsystem is used for monitor equipment status parameter, and joins to main control terminal sending device state Number.
In above-described embodiment, pass through equipment state subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and safety monitoring subsystem, Neng Goushi When monitoring power distribution room in environmental parameter and equipment state, moreover it is possible to identification into the personnel of power distribution room whether be competent person, from And realize the integrated managements such as the inquiry, monitoring, early warning of system, it is not necessarily to manual inspection, timeliness is strong and more comprehensive.
In one embodiment, as shown in Figure 1, providing a kind of transformer room system 10 comprising main control terminal 110 and more A Monitor And Control Subsystem, for example, multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems include device status monitoring subsystem 210, environmental monitoring subsystem 220 and Safety monitoring subsystem 230.
Wherein, main control terminal 110 is used to obtain the output parameters of multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems, and according to output parameter to multiple Monitor And Control Subsystem sends control instruction.For example, main control terminal 110 obtains the equipment shape of 210 output of device status monitoring subsystem The biological information that the environmental parameter and safety monitoring subsystem 230 that state parameter, environmental monitoring subsystem 220 export export.? After handling the equipment status parameter, environmental parameter and biological information, main control terminal 110 is respectively to device status monitoring Subsystem 210, environmental monitoring subsystem 220 and safety monitoring subsystem 230 send control instruction.
Wherein, equipment condition monitoring subsystem is used for monitor equipment status parameter, and to main control terminal sending device state Parameter.For example, equipment status parameter includes the state parameter of the equipment such as transformer, switchgear, the low-voltage cabinet in power distribution room, the shape State parameter includes temperature parameter, current parameters, voltage parameter, three-phase imbalance parameter, harmonic parameters etc..For another example, pass through equipment Status monitoring subsystem acquires the information such as switchgear house high-low pressure equipment partial discharge, mechanical property, the position of the switch, electric terminal temperature, The operating status of switchgear house high-low pressure equipment is monitored in real time, and then according to status information of equipment variation and exception information shape At alarm prompt.
Wherein, environmental monitoring subsystem is used to monitor the environmental parameter of power distribution room, and adjusts environment ginseng according to control instruction Number.For example, the environmental parameter of power distribution room includes temperature, humidity, water level, gas concentration, smokescope, noise level etc. at least one Kind parameter.The environmental parameter of power distribution room is sent to main control terminal by environmental monitoring subsystem, and main control terminal carries out environmental parameter After analysis, judge whether the environmental parameter for needing to adjust power distribution room, if desired adjust, main control terminal is sent out to environmental monitoring subsystem Control instruction, environmental monitoring subsystem is sent to adjust the environmental parameter of power distribution room according to the control instruction.To adjust the temperature of power distribution room For degree, humidity, environmental monitoring subsystem includes temperature sensor, humidity sensor, wind turbine and heater/air-conditioning, is passed through Temperature parameter in temperature sensor monitors power distribution room monitors the humidity parameter in power distribution room by humidity sensor.Work as needs When increasing or decreasing temperature, wind turbine or heater or air-conditioning can be started according to control instruction;It, can basis when needing to reduce humidity Control instruction starts wind turbine and dehumidifies.Safety monitoring subsystem sends biology letter for acquiring biological information, to main control terminal Breath, and according to control instruction opening door lock or alarm.For example, biological identification device 232 includes fingerprint identification device, iris At least one of identification device, sclera identification device, face recognition device, biological information include finger print information, iris information, At least one such as sclera information.The novel gate inhibition using bio-identification as means is used, it can lifting system reliability.
Wherein, the biological information of acquisition is sent to main control terminal by safety monitoring subsystem, and main control terminal is according to the biology Information judges whether Field Force is validated user, and then generates corresponding control instruction so that safety monitoring subsystem according to Control instruction opening door lock is alarmed.For example, main control terminal by the biological information received and preset reference information into Row compares, and when such a match occurs, generates the control instruction for opening door lock, when the two mismatches, generates for alarm Control instruction.
In above-described embodiment, pass through equipment state subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystem and safety monitoring subsystem, Neng Goushi When monitoring power distribution room in environmental parameter and equipment state, moreover it is possible to identification into the personnel of power distribution room whether be competent person, from And realize the integrated managements such as the inquiry, monitoring, early warning of system, it is not necessarily to manual inspection, timeliness is strong and more comprehensive.
Above-mentioned transformer room system can change the operating mode that original cable run determines people's regular visit, improve cable run peace The labor intensity of patrol officer is greatly decreased in full operation level, meets the needs of power supply enterprise itself, also complies with power consumer An urgent demand.
In one embodiment, as shown in Fig. 2, equipment condition monitoring subsystem 210 include transformer monitoring equipment 211, High-voltage board monitoring device 212 and low-voltage cabinet monitoring device 213, the transformer monitoring equipment 211, high-voltage board monitoring device 212 and Low-voltage cabinet monitoring device 213 is connect with main control terminal 110 respectively.
Wherein, transformer monitoring equipment 211 includes infrared thermal imaging device, transformer outgoing line device and temperature control device.It is logical It crosses infrared thermal imaging and whole monitoring is carried out to transformer, by temperature control device to being easy to happen the high-low pressure wiring piles of temperature faults Temperature is monitored on-line.Transformer monitoring equipment 211 may also include cooling blower, for cooling down place to transformer Reason.Parameter, cooling blower status information and the outgoing line side electric parameter access system that transformer monitoring equipment 211 exports temperature control device System monitors the operating status and electricity consumption situation of transformer, to control the temperature change feelings of transformer body and key point in real time Temperature pre-warning and fan linkage further can be achieved in condition.
Coil that infrared thermal imaging device can monitor transformer well is loose, insulating layer damage, wire clamp and junction The various faults such as poor contact, appearance cracking, have the advantages that broad covered area.In one embodiment, use resolution ratio for 160*120 infrared thermographies monitor dry-type transformer on-line, and it is good both to have remained infrared thermal imaging monitoring effect, is not required to Have a power failure installation, advantage easy to use, while cheap, easy to utilize.
In one embodiment, according to the electrical characteristic demand of transformer, also use passive temperature current sensor to becoming Depressor high and low pressure side is monitored, i.e., is monitored into and out of line key position point to transformer, as infrared thermal imaging monitoring Supplement.
In one embodiment, according to the configuration of dry-type transformer and power distribution room low voltage incoming line cabinet, by temperature controller and wind turbine In state access system, the monitoring to winding temperature and cooling fan state is realized.Multifunctional meter in low voltage incoming line cabinet is accessed This system can carry out comprehensive monitoring to transformer current, voltage, three-phase imbalance, harmonic wave etc..
In one embodiment, high-voltage board monitoring device uses temperature sensor monitors cable head temperature, for example, by using nothing Line temperature transducer monitors cable head temperature.In the present embodiment, high-voltage board is ring main unit, such as SF6 inflatable ring network cabinet.Ring main unit Safety accident be mostly short circuit caused by temperature is excessively high even the positions virtual connection such as fire, such as cable connector, plug, material aging, The reasons such as abrasion, overload all can cause contact resistance excessive, overheated in operation, finally result in insulation barnout, be formed between line or phase Between short circuit, cause fire incident.Therefore, for the needs of ring main unit temperature monitoring, cable is monitored using wireless temperature-measuring sensor Head temperature.
In one embodiment, low-voltage cabinet monitoring device is used to monitor the temperature of low-voltage cabinet busbar and cable connector.For example, In incoming line cabinet, monitoring end, breaker inlet-outlet line busbar temperature;In outgoing line cabinet, cable head temperature is monitored.
Low-voltage cabinet in operation, is easy because of circuit overload, load variations are big, circuit electric terminal poor contact, insulate member Overheat problem of temperature rise occurs for many reasons such as part is damaged, dust accumulation, makes moist, element quality itself is bad.The present embodiment passes through low pressure Cabinet monitoring device monitors the Yi Fawen ascending parts such as low-voltage cabinet busbar, cable connector position row, can prevent low-voltage equipment failure, prevents thing Therefore occur.
Equipment condition monitoring subsystem by obtaining the critical state information of equipment in real time, the self-test capability of lifting means and Self diagnosis ability realizes the repair based on condition of component of controller switching equipment, improves the operation conditions of controller switching equipment, reduces safety accident risk, Ensure power grid operation.
In one embodiment, visible light camera, thermal camera and partial discharge can be carried by intelligent robot to sense Device, by being accurately positioned shooting and image identification function, automatic decision cabinet LED status, opening and closing state and instrument degree Number, monitoring switch cabinet partial discharge intensity improve station institute the degree of automation with this, gradually disengage manual inspection mode equipment state Monitoring.
As shown in figure 3, environmental monitoring subsystem 220 includes 221, environmental controls 222 of multiple sensors and one Environment regulating device 223, multiple sensors 221 and environmental control 222 are connect with main control terminal 110 respectively, and environment adjusts dress 223 are set to connect with environmental control 222.
In one embodiment, multiple sensors are used to acquire the various environmental parameters in power distribution room, and environmental control is used In control environment adjustment device work, to adjust the environmental parameter in power distribution room.Multiple sensor includes luminance sensor, temperature At least one of sensor, humidity sensor, water sensor, gas sensor, smoke sensor device, noise monitor are spent, The sensor is respectively used to the rings such as temperature, humidity, water level, gas concentration, smokescope, the noise level in acquisition power distribution room Border parameter.The environment regulating device includes at least one of lighting source, wind turbine, heater, air-conditioning, water pump.Environmental Kuznets Curves Device includes at least one of lighting controller, heating controller, electric controller, for controlling environment above regulating device Adjust the environmental parameter in power distribution room.
Environmental monitoring subsystem can to the integrated environment parameter in station for example ambient temperature and humidity, water logging, cigarette sense, noise, Gas leakage, fire-fighting equipment etc. are monitored in real time, coordinated signals illumination, wind turbine, flood control equipment, mouse driving device, stand in dehumidifier Work.Locally allow to preserve monitoring data, and then field monitoring data are analyzed, according to preset alarm information, generates report Alert event.
In one embodiment, environmental monitoring subsystem includes temperature and humidity monitor subsystem, waterproof Monitor And Control Subsystem, gas In body monitoring subsystem, smoke monitoring subsystem, noise monitoring subsystem, administration of the prevention and control subsystem and animal expulsion subsystem It is at least one.
Wherein, temperature and humidity monitor subsystem is by wireless humiture sensor, heating and dehumidification machine/air-conditioning, wind turbine and electronic hundred Leaf window forms.Temperature and humidity monitor subsystem is for monitoring and control the temperature in power distribution room and humidity, including indoor environment is warm and humid Degree and cable duct humiture.Temperature Humidity Sensor is joined by main control terminal and heating and dehumidification machine/air-conditioning, wind turbine, electric-powered shutter Dynamic, control heating and dehumidification machine, wind turbine, electric-powered shutter are actuated for cooling down or dehumidify.Preferably, electric-powered shutter be mounted on into Gas port can avoid humid air from entering in power distribution room.
For example, Temperature Humidity Sensor sends temperature, humidity to main control terminal, main control terminal presses preset control plan Slightly control instruction is sent to wind turbine, heating and dehumidification machine/air-conditioning.For example, when indoor environment temperature reaches setting value, selection purification The aeration-cooling or refrigeration cool-down method of operation carries out cooling;When indoor environment humidity is more than setting value, air-conditioning or exhaust are controlled Wind turbine starts, and dehumidification treatments are carried out to room air.
Wherein, waterproof Monitor And Control Subsystem is made of water immersion alarm, liquid level sensor and water pump.Power distribution room be easy into Water immersion alarm is installed, flooded condition in monitoring station in the position of water and cable duct;Switchgear house and transformer room doorway setting collection Pond is collected due to heavy rain etc. into the ponding in inbound.Liquid level sensor and water pump are installed in collecting-tank, once monitoring Water level reaches pre-set limit, and main control terminal starts water pump and drained.For example, liquid level sensor uses throw-in type level sensing Device.
Wherein, gas-monitoring subsystem includes at least one gas sensor, the content for monitoring pre-set gas.Example Such as, gas-monitoring subsystem includes SF6/O2 sensors and ozonesonde.For another example, in switchgear house near high-tension switch cabinet On face, 2 SF6/O2 sensors and 1 ozonesonde are installed, monitor SF6, ozone and oxygen content in real time, and data are passed Main control terminal is transported to, once monitoring exception, main control terminal controls wind turbine and opens, and gas is discharged.
Wherein, smoke monitoring subsystem monitors the concentration of smog to realize fire disasters protection by smoke sensor device.Such as Smoke alarm is distinguished in switchgear house and transformer room ceiling, can be sent out alarm signal immediately when the situation of discovery, will be reported Alert signal transmission to main control terminal, linkage wind turbine carries out forced fume exhaust, condition is provided to speedily carry out rescue work and escaping.
Wherein, noise monitoring subsystem monitors the noise of transformer and switchgear by noise transducer.Such as each Noise level monitor is distinguished in room, monitors transformer and switchgear noise, to discovering device operation exception, while understanding and electrically setting Whether standby running noises meet environmental requirement, prevent noise from disturbing residents.
Wherein, to reinforce power distribution room fire extinguisher management, administration of the prevention and control subsystem uses intelligent extinguisher case.When fire-fighting chamber door When opening, fire extinguisher weight saving or fire extinguisher are lifted, administration of the prevention and control subsystem sends out alarm signal to main control terminal.
Wherein, animal expulsion subsystem includes supersonic generator, and supersonic generator is connect with main control terminal, by super To electrical equipment safe operation, there are the toys of larger threat for sound wave expulsion.Such as ultrasonic wave hair is placed respectively in each room Raw device, sends out the ultrasonic wave of 20kHz-55kHz, can stimulate and muroid is caused to feel threat and uneasiness, to expel muroid.
In one embodiment, as shown in figure 4, above-mentioned environmental monitoring subsystem include smoke sensor device, water sensor, Noise transducer, gas sensor, Hygrothermograph, fire box, headlamp, wind turbine, heater, water pump, lighting controller and control Case processed, wherein smoke sensor device, water sensor, noise transducer, gas sensor, Hygrothermograph, fire box, Lighting control Device and control cabinet are separately connected main control terminal, and headlamp connects main control terminal, wind turbine, heater and water pump by lighting controller Main control terminal is then connected by control cabinet.Wherein, Hygrothermograph and fire box can pass through wireless network connection main control terminal.
In one embodiment, by environmental monitoring subsystem realize power distribution room in ambient temperature and humidity, stand in dehumidifying, fire-fighting Cigarette sense, flood monitoring and draining, light automatically control, protection against rodents etc. automatically controls.Realize water level, ambient temperature and humidity, wind turbine, photograph Alarm linkage between the various kinds of equipment such as bright, gate inhibition, camera.
Environmental monitoring subsystem is handled by parameters such as temperature, humidity, dust, the pernicious gases of acquisition power distribution room, And prevent equipment from condensation, insulation occurs always in acceptability limit the control such as temperature, humidity, dust, pernicious gas in power distribution room The shelf depreciation problem etc. generated under change and external condition extends service life of equipment, realizes equipment life-cycle service life, carries High power supply reliability reduces overlapping investment, increases economic efficiency.
As shown in figure 5, safety monitoring subsystem 230 includes alarm 231, biological identification device 232, access controller 233 and electric control lock 234, access controller 233 is whole with alarm 231, biological identification device 232, electric control lock 234 and master control respectively 110 connection of end.
In one embodiment, biological identification device 232 is mounted on the place that enters, such as installs iris appliance at the place of entering, and goes out Exit button is installed at door.For another example, safety monitoring subsystem may also include camera, such as enter and the place of going out is installed respectively Video capture camera.As an implementation, hyperbaric chamber and the transformer rooms Liang Ge share multiple access controllers, Mei Gemen Prohibit controller and controls a warning device and an interlocking module.
In one embodiment, safety monitoring subsystem also further includes recognition of face host, recognition of face host respectively with Camera is connected with main control terminal.When personnel get in, can recognition of face be carried out to inbound personnel automatically, and be stored in face Feature database in identification host is compared, and identifies personnel identity, it is determined whether authorized person can report unauthorized personnel It is alert.For example, main control terminal is additionally operable to after door lock is opened, recognition of face instruction is sent to recognition of face host;Recognition of face master Machine is used to obtain the image of camera acquisition, and carries out recognition of face to the image according to recognition of face instruction.Main control terminal is also For when the recognition of face fails, alarm command to be sent to the alarm.For example, when camera acquisition image with it is pre- When at least one reference facial image deposited matches, as recognition of face success, is otherwise face recognition failures.For another example, phase Matching refers to that the face characteristic in the image of camera acquisition reaches with the similarity with reference to the face characteristic in facial image Predetermined threshold value.
In one embodiment, safety monitoring subsystem may also include infrared detector, red by being installed in power distribution room External detector monitors indoor safety index, and main control terminal is real-time by every environmental data by sensor collection related data It is sent to the server of monitoring center, server obtains generating accordingly according to set threshold condition and warning strategies after data Item alarm, and related responsibility user is issued by the set channel such as voice, short message, mail, wechat in first time, simultaneously The start and stop of field device are controlled according to set abnormality processing measure.For example, the shape of infrared detector monitoring infrared induction point State, after having invasion, main control terminal to receive data after finding to deploy troops on garrison duty, scene starts audible-visual annunciator, exists side by side and engraves report service Device simultaneously alerts.For another example, audible-visual annunciator at the scene is installed when there is outside invading, sends out strong sound and light alarm signal, To achieve the purpose that Field Force is reminded to pay attention to.
In one embodiment, as shown in fig. 6, above-mentioned transformer room system 10 further includes video monitoring subsystem 240, video Monitor And Control Subsystem according to control instruction for recording and storing video.Video monitoring subsystem includes that video camera and video recording storage are set Standby, video camera is connect with main control terminal respectively with video recording storage device.Video data is uploaded to by video camera by main control terminal The hard disk video recorder of monitoring center or nearby outstation carries out data storage, and can follow the camera shooting that operation adjusts video camera Angle.
Optionally, video monitoring subsystem is remotely started by main control terminal, or with environmental monitoring subsystems linkage.Example Such as, operational order can be assigned to video camera by main control terminal from the background, realizes the function of remote control video.For another example, video is supervised Subsystem is controlled by main control terminal and environmental monitoring subsystems linkage, according to the early warning of environmental monitoring subsystem or alarm region, Feature areas case is checked, for manual confirmation;For another example, when intrusion alarm occurs for certain region, main control terminal automatic linkage video Monitoring system.
In one embodiment, main control terminal is additionally operable to reach pre- alarm in the output parameter of equipment condition monitoring subsystem When threshold value, video record instruction is sent to video monitoring subsystem.
In one embodiment, main control terminal is additionally operable to reach default smokescope in the output parameter of smoke monitoring subsystem When threshold value, video record instruction is sent to video monitoring subsystem.For another example, main control terminal also controls headlamp startup simultaneously.Again Such as, after opening video monitoring subsystem, also corresponding image frame is switched on monitoring screen, and starts scene and monitoring The audible-visual annunciator at center.
In one embodiment, infrared ball type camera is installed in power distribution room, for safety monitoring and equipment in electric room Running state monitoring.Video monitoring system carries out real-time circulation recording, can carry out real-time grasp shoot in main website when accident.In addition, working as It needs to carry out operation to power equipment and operating status keeps a record when checking, pass through index table, signal lamp in video capture equipment With switch changed position signal, total indicator reading, warning message and opening and closing state can be effectively identified.
In one embodiment, transformer room system further includes display screen, and display screen is connect with main control terminal.Such as display screen Including monitoring of tools group screen and primary system screen.Wherein, monitoring device is mounted on hyperbaric chamber monitor screen cabinet, is provided in screen cabinet tactile Touch screen industrial personal computer, can in real time environment in monitoring station, security protection, equipment operating status.The equipment of installation includes in monitoring group screen: EVC touch panel computer, intelligent main control terminal, environment control unit, access controller, DC power supply, recognition of face host and wiring Terminal block.In addition, installing primary system screen in hyperbaric chamber, the state for showing each disconnecting link, switch can subsequently be closed with anti-error Lock combines.Such as primary system screen is mosaic screen, can dynamic display switch state, status data is from DTU (Data Transfer unit, data transmission unit) in read, also can be from the identification extracting data of rail robot.
In one embodiment, transformer room system further includes backup power supply, to ensure monitoring system energy after main system power-off Normal operation.It it is video camera and speech talkback, video recorder, master control end for example, in power distribution room configuring direct current screen as backup power supply Reception device, ventilation equipment, substation system and communication apparatus etc. provide stand-by power supply in end, access control system, functions of wireless.
In one embodiment, above-mentioned transformer room system further includes server, and server is wirelessly connected with main control terminal.Its In, main control terminal is additionally operable to generate monitoring parameter according to the output parameter of multiple Monitor And Control Subsystems, and sends and monitor to server Parameter;Server is used to generate teleinstruction according to monitoring data, and sends teleinstruction to main control terminal;Main control terminal is also used According to teleinstruction generation control instruction.For example, main control terminal is additionally operable to according to equipment condition monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring The output parameter of subsystem and safety monitoring subsystem generates monitoring parameter, and sends monitoring parameter to server;Server is used Teleinstruction is generated in reception monitoring data, and according to monitoring data, teleinstruction is sent to main control terminal.Wherein, master control is whole End is communicated between server by wireless network or fiber optic network.
For example, it is that main website server also serves as monitoring terminal, while installing voice pair to configure a work station in system main website Say that system realizes the speech communication with power distribution room:Monitoring station, for configuring intelligent power distribution room monitoring of software;Speech talkback system System, for realizing the ip voice intercommunication inside main website and power distribution room;Main website uses optical-fibre communications with distribution room.
In conjunction with various embodiments of the present invention, above-mentioned transformer room system can realize following function:
1, the station end monitoring based on GIS.Based on the station end monitoring on the basis of geographical background, on geographical contextual information in real time The operating status of the whole station end equipments of monitoring, is distinguished by website color normally with alarm website, and a variety of with picture, sound equipment etc. Alarm means provide the Real-time Alarm of the operating status exception information of station end equipment to administrative staff;It can be carried for service personnel For comprehensive information such as geographical location, end equipment of standing real time data, the methods of operation;Quick geographical location is carried out for service personnel Positioning, end equipment of standing failure and abnormality processing provide convenient means, improve the responding ability and decision-making capability of service personnel.
2, environmental monitoring.By acquiring running environment information in switchgear house station, realize to distribution chamber ventilated, dehumidifying, water logging, The real-time monitoring of the running environment information such as cigarette sense, toxic and harmful gas leakage, gate inhibition's security protection.
3, equipment condition monitoring.By to switchgear house high-low pressure equipment partial discharge, mechanical property, the position of the switch, electric terminal The information collections such as temperature, realization monitors the operating status of switchgear house high-low pressure equipment in real time, including status information of equipment Variation and exception information alarm prompt etc..
4, entrance guard management.In conjunction with the actual demand of power distribution station room, using the access control system based on iris recognition to power distribution station room Personnel are managed into artificial situation, and are aided with video monitoring and pass in and out the secondary monitoring of realization to personnel, it is ensured that the safety fortune of Switching Station Row.Avoiding conventional cipher identification, there are passwords easily reveal, without in and out records, and carrying card and card are needed existing for card recognition Piece is easy to wear, the problem of replicating.
According to repair schedule, distribution O&M control platform sends the authorization message of maintenance personal to intelligent terminal.Arrival is matched When the room of power station, operation maintenance personnel iris recognition verification, you can unlock electronic lock enters power distribution station room.Distribution O&M control platform and Main control terminal is opened and closed gate inhibition each time to form record in standing, and ensures that power distribution station room disengaging personnel's situation has good grounds.
5, safety monitoring.By camera, infrared monitoring system, realize to station room place, equipment real-time video monitoring.It is auxiliary It helps gate inhibition's monitoring to pass in and out personnel and realizes secondary monitoring.
6, image recognition.By pointer gauge, signal lamp and switch changed position signal in video capture equipment, can effectively identify Total indicator reading, warning message and opening and closing state can be used for power distribution room intellectualized reconstruction project.
7, recognition of face.Video monitoring can link with access control system, after maintenance personnel is into inbound, automatically into pedestrian Face identifies, whether determines inbound personnel by authorizing, and start personnel positioning, records motion track, once into presetting Safety zone, or monitor that personnel amount does not meet security regulations, alarm automatically.
8, intelligent patrol detection.Pasting two-dimension code label or RFID tag in equipment identify every monitored equipment.Into It, can be by scanning the two-dimensional code automatic identification equipment information when the mobile inspection of row or robot inspection, and defect prompting can be carried out With report.
9, intelligent alarm.The online integrated treatment of warning information, display and reasoning are realized in intelligent alarm analysis, support collect and All kinds of warning information are handled, Classification Management and synthesis/compression are carried out to a large amount of warning information, provided by the way of visual in image The alarm prompt of Comprehensive, and have the safeguard functions such as break alarm.
Break alarm mainly by detecting the abnormal intrusion warning information of cabinet door location information and security device, occurs different Often, system is supported to carry out topology coloring, flicker in list, to remind staff actively to overhaul.
In one embodiment, the coordinated signals scheme of above-mentioned transformer room system includes:When door is opened, start headlamp And wind turbine, close headlamp after locking a door.When door is opened, starts camera and record a video, and start recognition of face.When station inner ring Border temperature>20 DEG C and humidity are more prescribed a time limit, and are started air-conditioning temperature-reducing dehumidifying, are simultaneously closed off wind turbine.When environment temperature in station<20 DEG C and wet Degree is more prescribed a time limit, and is started heater and is closed air-conditioning.When environment temperature in station, start the public blower ventilation for becoming room.When occurring in station When cigarette sense alerts, start illumination and the video recording of corresponding camera.When occurrence of equipment alerts in station, start illumination and corresponding camera Video recording.When gas concentration alarm occurs in station, start blower ventilation, gas concentration alarm stops wind turbine after eliminating.Low pressure is lost When electric, emergency light is accessed, starts illumination and video recording.
Each technical characteristic of above example can be combined arbitrarily, to keep description succinct, not to above-described embodiment In each technical characteristic it is all possible combination be all described, as long as however, the combination of these technical characteristics be not present lance Shield is all considered to be the range of this specification record.
Only several embodiments of the present invention are expressed for above example, the description thereof is more specific and detailed, but can not Therefore it is construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that for those of ordinary skill in the art, Under the premise of not departing from present inventive concept, various modifications and improvements can be made, these are all within the scope of protection of the present invention. Therefore, the protection domain of patent of the present invention should be determined by the appended claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of transformer room system, which is characterized in that the system comprises equipment condition monitoring subsystem, environmental monitoring subsystems System, safety monitoring subsystem and main control terminal;
The main control terminal is for obtaining the equipment condition monitoring subsystem, the environmental monitoring subsystem and security protection prison The output parameter of subsystem is controlled, and sub to the equipment condition monitoring subsystem, the environmental monitoring according to the output parameter System and the safety monitoring subsystem send control instruction;
The equipment condition monitoring subsystem is used for monitor equipment status parameter, and sends the equipment shape to the main control terminal State parameter;
The environmental monitoring subsystem is used to monitor the environmental parameter of power distribution room, and adjusts the environment according to the control instruction Parameter;
The safety monitoring subsystem is for acquiring biological information, to the main control terminal transmission biological information, and according to The control instruction opening door lock is alarmed.
2. transformer room system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the environmental monitoring subsystem includes environmental Kuznets Curves Device, environment regulating device and multiple sensors, the environmental control is separately connected the main control terminal, the environment adjusts dress It sets and the multiple sensor.
3. transformer room system according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:
Video monitoring subsystem, for being recorded according to the control instruction and storing video.
4. transformer room system according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the video monitoring subsystem include video camera and Video recording storage device, the video camera and the video recording storage device are connect with the environmental control respectively.
5. transformer room system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the main control terminal is additionally operable to supervise in the smog When the output parameter of survey subsystem reaches default smoke density threshold value, sends video record to the video monitoring subsystem and refer to It enables.
6. transformer room system according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the main control terminal is additionally operable in the equipment shape When the output parameter of state monitoring subsystem reaches pre- alarm threshold, video record instruction is sent to the video monitoring subsystem.
7. according to the transformer room system described in any one of claim 1-6, which is characterized in that the equipment condition monitoring subsystem System includes transformer monitoring equipment, high-voltage board monitoring device and low-voltage cabinet monitoring device, the transformer monitoring equipment, the height Pressure cabinet monitoring device and the low-voltage cabinet monitoring device are connect with the main control terminal respectively.
8. according to the transformer room system described in any one of claim 1-6, which is characterized in that the safety monitoring subsystem packet Include alarm, biological identification device, access controller and electric control lock, the access controller respectively with the alarm, described Biological identification device, the electric control lock are connected with the main control terminal.
9. transformer room system according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the safety monitoring subsystem further includes that face is known Other host and camera, the recognition of face host are separately connected the camera and the main control terminal;
The main control terminal is additionally operable to after the electric control lock is opened, and recognition of face instruction is sent to the recognition of face host;
The recognition of face host is used to obtain the image of the camera acquisition, and is instructed to described according to the recognition of face Image carries out recognition of face;
The main control terminal is additionally operable to when the recognition of face fails, and alarm command is sent to the alarm.
10. according to the transformer room system described in any one of claim 1-6, which is characterized in that further include server;
The main control terminal is additionally operable to according to the equipment condition monitoring subsystem, the environmental monitoring subsystem and the security protection The output parameter of Monitor And Control Subsystem generates monitoring parameter, and sends the monitoring parameter to the server;
The server generates teleinstruction for receiving the monitoring data, and according to the monitoring data, to the master control Terminal sends the teleinstruction;
The main control terminal is additionally operable to generate the control instruction according to the teleinstruction.
CN201810845964.4A 2018-07-27 2018-07-27 Transformer room system Pending CN108762354A (en)

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Cited By (14)

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CN109686043A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-04-26 广东电网有限责任公司 A kind of the information association alarm method and device of intelligent power distribution room monitoring system
CN109753008A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-05-14 安徽凯川电力保护设备有限公司 A kind of internal environment monitoring method for electric power cabinet
CN110780634A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-02-11 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 Laboratory safety management system
CN110793571A (en) * 2019-10-22 2020-02-14 云南恒协科技有限公司 Ring main unit online monitoring system
CN110853211A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-02-28 重庆望变电气(集团)股份有限公司 Intelligent access control system and method for power distribution room
CN110989428A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-04-10 重庆望变电气(集团)股份有限公司 Intelligent monitoring platform and method for power distribution room
CN111240929A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-06-05 上海复深蓝软件股份有限公司 Mobile machine room supervision method and device, computer equipment and storage medium
CN111711078A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-09-25 国网浙江桐乡市供电有限公司 Power distribution room
CN111857214A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-10-30 杭州巨骐信息科技股份有限公司 Computer lab environment observes and controls system based on face identification
CN112002093A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-11-27 江苏方天电力技术有限公司 Intelligent power distribution room door lock system
CN112129353A (en) * 2020-09-29 2020-12-25 华润电力(菏泽)有限公司 Thermal power plant distribution room environment monitoring method and system
CN112290685A (en) * 2020-11-12 2021-01-29 杭州凯达电力建设有限公司自动化运维分公司 Electric energy management integrated monitoring system
CN113009951A (en) * 2021-02-22 2021-06-22 陈相业 Intelligent power distribution room communication system based on 5G communication
CN114115396A (en) * 2021-11-18 2022-03-01 杭州铨能智能设备有限公司 Join in marriage electrical room environmental monitoring system

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109753008A (en) * 2018-12-06 2019-05-14 安徽凯川电力保护设备有限公司 A kind of internal environment monitoring method for electric power cabinet
CN109686043A (en) * 2018-12-19 2019-04-26 广东电网有限责任公司 A kind of the information association alarm method and device of intelligent power distribution room monitoring system
CN110793571A (en) * 2019-10-22 2020-02-14 云南恒协科技有限公司 Ring main unit online monitoring system
CN110780634A (en) * 2019-11-20 2020-02-11 云南电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院 Laboratory safety management system
CN110853211A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-02-28 重庆望变电气(集团)股份有限公司 Intelligent access control system and method for power distribution room
CN110989428A (en) * 2019-11-25 2020-04-10 重庆望变电气(集团)股份有限公司 Intelligent monitoring platform and method for power distribution room
CN111240929A (en) * 2020-01-07 2020-06-05 上海复深蓝软件股份有限公司 Mobile machine room supervision method and device, computer equipment and storage medium
CN111711078A (en) * 2020-05-15 2020-09-25 国网浙江桐乡市供电有限公司 Power distribution room
CN111711078B (en) * 2020-05-15 2021-10-12 国网浙江桐乡市供电有限公司 Power distribution room
CN112002093A (en) * 2020-07-10 2020-11-27 江苏方天电力技术有限公司 Intelligent power distribution room door lock system
CN111857214A (en) * 2020-07-28 2020-10-30 杭州巨骐信息科技股份有限公司 Computer lab environment observes and controls system based on face identification
CN112129353A (en) * 2020-09-29 2020-12-25 华润电力(菏泽)有限公司 Thermal power plant distribution room environment monitoring method and system
CN112290685A (en) * 2020-11-12 2021-01-29 杭州凯达电力建设有限公司自动化运维分公司 Electric energy management integrated monitoring system
CN113009951A (en) * 2021-02-22 2021-06-22 陈相业 Intelligent power distribution room communication system based on 5G communication
CN114115396A (en) * 2021-11-18 2022-03-01 杭州铨能智能设备有限公司 Join in marriage electrical room environmental monitoring system

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