CN108755386A - Prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road and its construction method - Google Patents

Prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road and its construction method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108755386A
CN108755386A CN201810730436.4A CN201810730436A CN108755386A CN 108755386 A CN108755386 A CN 108755386A CN 201810730436 A CN201810730436 A CN 201810730436A CN 108755386 A CN108755386 A CN 108755386A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
column
plank road
prefabricated
groove
side bar
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201810730436.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
钱久军
吴佳雄
张翼
鲍紫怀
王骏
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Ningbo Yashan Mountain Wonderland Cultural Tourism Development Co Ltd
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Ningbo Yashan Mountain Wonderland Cultural Tourism Development Co Ltd
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Application filed by Ningbo Yashan Mountain Wonderland Cultural Tourism Development Co Ltd filed Critical Ningbo Yashan Mountain Wonderland Cultural Tourism Development Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810730436.4A priority Critical patent/CN108755386A/en
Publication of CN108755386A publication Critical patent/CN108755386A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01DCONSTRUCTION OF BRIDGES, ELEVATED ROADWAYS OR VIADUCTS; ASSEMBLY OF BRIDGES
    • E01D15/00Movable or portable bridges; Floating bridges
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01CCONSTRUCTION OF, OR SURFACES FOR, ROADS, SPORTS GROUNDS, OR THE LIKE; MACHINES OR AUXILIARY TOOLS FOR CONSTRUCTION OR REPAIR
    • E01C15/00Pavings specially adapted for footpaths, sidewalks or cycle tracks

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Architecture (AREA)
  • Civil Engineering (AREA)
  • Structural Engineering (AREA)
  • Road Paving Structures (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road and its construction methods, including several and the fixed column of massif or ground, several prefabricated side bars of armored concrete extended along plank road length direction and several prefabricated linking beams of armored concrete for connecting two column of plank road width direction, the structure of every side bar end and restricted side bar vertical and horizontal movement in each column, there are inside L-shaped groove, the every structure for linking beam end and restricted linking beam vertical and horizontal movement in each column on every side bar;Further include several block armored concrete prefabricated plank road plate of the both ends inlay card in the L-shaped groove of side bar, there is its lines concaveconvex structure identical with local environment rock grain in the upper surface of at least two pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bars extended along its length in every block of plank road plate, every block of plank road plate.This plank road digging in-situ and pour that quantities is smaller, pedestrian has certain wooden elastic sensation and comfort.

Description

Prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road and its construction method
Technical field
The present invention relates to leisure pavement technical fields, are especially a kind of prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road And its construction method.
Background technology
As people's living standard is continuously improved, the demand of people's outdoor activities also constantly enhances, required place Constantly extending.In some cities at park, the rural area Peasants Joy on periphery, scenic spot or even some natural blue mountains and green waters, all There is the pavement of people's leisure.
For pavement people expect first be naturally by planning " making road ", i.e., it is similar to rto request and construction to build Road, only grade is lower, is not required to big bearing capacity, only meets people's walking demand.However, it builds substantially If process is still ground grading, sets bed course, base of building the road does face layer and the pumping equipment etc. of auxiliary.And road surface is usually cement Concrete cast-in-situ road surface or asphalt concrete pavement, it is desirable that more higher has rubber or plastic cement road surface.Under normal circumstances with carrying Road is compared, and leisure pedestrian walkway engineering cost can be lower, but since site operation earth and rock works are larger, completely all sends out Raw, when excavation fill construction amount is larger, cost is high instead, also has large effect to surrounding enviroment, and the general duration is longer, Meanwhile the harmony of road and periphery natural environment is insufficient.
Also a kind of way is to set up wooden plank road, excavation and filling earth work can be effectively reduced in this way, by column, Liang Dengjie Wooden stripe plate is laid on structure as pavement, since wooden batten has certain elasticity, so having when pedestrian's walking certain Comfort, and due to wooden batten be natural plants product, give back to nature environment adapt to sense.So wooden stack Road is in environment described above using more.But wooden plank road greatest problem is that its durability is poor in outdoor natural environment, Frequent repair and replacement are wanted, cost is higher, later period maintenance heavy workload, its tone is difficult to match after local replacing, also influences beautiful.
The plank road of the prior art needs the fasteners such as a large amount of bolt, not only increases cost, but also make installation there are one deficiency And later maintenance construction is cumbersome, time-consuming, the period is long.
Invention content
The invention solves a technical problem be to provide a kind of digging in-situ and cast in situs quantities is smaller, base Originally the fasteners such as bolt are not required to, pedestrian has the prefabricated assembled concrete structure of certain wooden elastic sensation and comfort leisure stack Road.
The technical solution of the present invention is to provide a kind of prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road, including Height dimension identical and/or different several extends with the fixed column of massif or ground, several along plank road length direction The prefabricated side bar of armored concrete and several two columns of connection plank road width direction the prefabricated linking beams of armored concrete, it is described Column is prefabricated reinforced concrete monoblock type column and/or is filled by prefabricated column bottom section and prefabricated column top section and scene Slurry is to connect the reinforced concrete combination formula column that the column stage casing of column bottom section and column top section is constituted;Every side bar end With the structure of restricted side bar longitudinal shift and transverse shift in each column, there is inside L-shaped groove on every side bar, often Root links the structure of beam end and restricted linking beam longitudinal shift and transverse shift in each column;Further include that both ends inlay card exists The prefabricated plank road plate of several blocks of armored concrete in the L-shaped groove of side bar, in every block of plank road plate at least two along span side To the pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar of extension.
After using the above structure, prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road of the present invention has following remarkable advantage:Both Overcome build the road excavate fill construction amount it is big, it is of high cost, big and duration longer disadvantage is influenced on surrounding enviroment, also overcome wood Durability is poor in the outdoor natural environment of matter plank road, wants higher frequent repair and replacement, cost, later period maintenance heavy workload, part more Changing rear tone and being difficult to match influences beautiful disadvantage.The present invention is according to live topography and geomorphology, by height difference and/or height phase With prefabricated reinforced concrete monoblock type column and/or by prefabricated reinforced concrete upright column bottom section and prefabricated armored concrete Column top section and live the constituted reinforced concrete combination formula column that is in the milk are extended by two rows along plank road length direction, The bottom end of column is such as adhesive on the rock on hillside with structure glue by fixation.The both ends of linking beam are mounted on through position limiting structure again Two column tops side by side, then by the end of side bar through position limiting structure be mounted on column top, keep linking beam and side bar opposite It is immovable in the X-direction and Y-direction of column, it can not move downwards upwards certainly.At least two are recycled in plank road plate After pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar is put plank road plate can to the property of intermediate arches, by the both ends inlay card of plank road plate side bar L-shaped In groove, what is particularly worth mentioning is that, plank road plate can be to centre after at least two pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bars are put in plank road plate The property of arch has certain wooden elastic sensation and comfort when pedestrian being made to trample plank road plate.The present invention is using the prefabricated dress of industrialization Also more meet national building industrialization policy with formula plank road.The present invention does not destory the scene substantially vegetation and landforms, keeps installation Ecosystem environment at plank road, the environment for giving back to nature adapt to sense.Even if a small number of column stage casing casts in situs, but it is whole For, digging in-situ and cast in situs quantities are smaller, and are not required to the fasteners such as bolt substantially, and it is prefabricated that main body realizes batch production The prefabricated component of monoblock type column and/or column top section and column bottom section, linking beam, side bar and plank road plate, assembled in situ composition are stopped Not busy plank road, and the later stage is not required to repair substantially and replacement, at low cost, short construction period, construction efficiency are high.
Further, there is its lines concaveconvex structure identical with local environment rock grain in the upper surface of every block of plank road plate. After using the above structure, since local environment rock grain is substantially that rainwater or flowing water wash away, so in the present invention The concaveconvex structure of plank road plate surface undoubtedly has drainage, simultaneously because concaveconvex structure necessarily has anti-skidding effect, also It is important that the mechanical property due to surface relief structure is inconsistent, so, at least two pre-tensioning systems are pre- in plank road plate Plank road plate can be further enhanced to the property of intermediate arches after stress reinforcing bar is put, wooden elastic sensation when pedestrian being made to trample plank road plate It is further enhanced with comfort.There are one apparent advantages:Pedestrian tramples identical as local environment rock grain in lines Plank road plate on when even will produce illusion, be thought as to walk on the rocky road of local environment, that is, after using the above structure, this Invention concrete structure lies fallow plank road and massif rock stratum one integrated mass, and harmony cooperation, environmental friendliness is very high, plank road and periphery Natural environment and association of artists's tune.
Further, there is rubber pad between the horizontal edge and plank road plate of the side bar L-shaped groove.After using the above structure, Wooden elastic sensation and comfort when pedestrian being made to trample plank road plate further enhance.
Further, the plank road plate is the reinforced concrete groove that Open Side Down.After using the above structure, ensureing stack Under the precondition of the due intensity of guidance tape and dynamics, the weight of plank road plate can be greatly reduced, with significantly save reinforcing bar and Concrete material.
Further, there are the first groove penetrated through along plank road length direction, the outside of the first groove in the top surface of each column Side is inclined two bevel edge that is open from the middle to both ends, and the first groove centre is wide and both ends open is narrow, the bottom of a side bar end Portion, which has, to match with column top surface the first groove half geomery and is embedded in the first raised line in the half groove, another side For matching with column top surface the other half geomery of first groove and being embedded in the other half groove is arranged at the bottom of beam end One raised line.After using the above structure, the connection structure of side bar and column is simple, easy for installation, construction efficiency height and side bar end Portion can reliablely and stablely be limited relative to column top in X-direction and Y-direction.
Further, the top surface of each column, which has, extends along plank road width direction and sets opening in the side far from two bevel edges The second groove, wide outer narrow in the second groove, two sides are inclined bevel edge from inside to outside, the every bottom for linking beam end Have and the second raised line in column top surface the second groove shapes matching size and embedded second groove;First groove It is communicated with second groove.After using the above structure, the connection structure of linking beam and column is simple, easy for installation, applies Work is efficient and links beam end and can reliablely and stablely be limited in X-direction and Y-direction relative to column top.Described first After groove is communicated with second groove, space can be saved, reduces the area of column top, is meeting limit and connection request Precondition under reduce column volume.
Further, have on the column on the outside of second groove floor and to be integrally formed and play a supportive role to linking beam Bracket.After using the above structure, it is located on the outside of the second groove floor on the i.e. column far from the first groove of column top side Bracket can reduce the face of column top in the case where meeting limit and connection request and being the precondition to play a supportive role to linking beam Product.
Further, the height on the setting side of the L-shaped groove of the side bar is higher than the height of plank road plate to constitute plank road Skirt side.After using the above structure, makes plank road that there is the boundary of warning, improve the safety of plank road.
The invention solves another technical problem be to provide a kind of digging in-situ and to pour quantities smaller, basic It is not required to the fasteners such as bolt, pedestrian has the prefabricated assembled concrete structure of certain wooden elastic sensation and comfort leisure plank road Construction method.
Another technical solution of the present invention is to provide a kind of above-mentioned prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure stack The construction method in road, includes the following steps:
The different armored concrete monoblock type column of prefabricated more batches of height dimensions, the height dimension phase of every batch of monoblock type column Together and/or the column bottom of prefabricated several armored concrete section and column top section, prefabricated several linking beams, on the top of column Face and the bottom for linking beam end precast the structure of limitation linking beam longitudinal shift and transverse shift;Prefabricated several bands L words The armored concrete side bar of connected in star precasts the longitudinal movement of limitation side bar and cross in the bottom of the top surface of column and side bar end To mobile structure;Prefabricated several blocks of armored concrete plank road plate sets at least two in every block of plank road plate and prolongs along span direction The pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar stretched;
Above-mentioned prefabricated component is transported to construction site, according to plank road width and height, two monoblock type columns are fixed on side by side On the rock of hillside or on ground, and/or by two column bottoms section be fixed on side by side on the rock of hillside or on ground, install stage casing mould The reinforcement welding of the reinforcing bar in column stage casing and column bottom section and column top section is poured column stage casing coagulation by plate and column top section Soil, the mutual height dimension in a plurality of uprights stage casing is identical and/or differs, and waits for that middle section concrete reaches design requirement Afterwards, the structure that the limitation linking beam vertical and horizontal of column top surface and linking beam end base move is installed, according to side bar Length along plank road length direction it is continuous more than column and linking beam construction;By the limit with side bar end base at the top of column The structure of side bar longitudinal shift and transverse shift processed installs, and side bar is continuously installed along plank road length direction;It is pre- by several pieces The both ends of armored concrete plank road plate processed successively inlay card in the L-shaped groove of two side bars.
After above step, the construction method of prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road of the present invention has following show Write advantage:Both overcome build the road excavate fill construction amount it is big, it is of high cost, big and duration longer disadvantage is influenced on surrounding enviroment, Also overcome in the outdoor natural environment of wooden plank road that durability is poor, wants that frequent repair and replacement, cost are higher, later period maintenance workload Greatly, tone is difficult to match the disadvantage for influencing beauty after local replacing.The present invention is according to live topography and geomorphology, by height difference And/or the identical prefabricated reinforced concrete entirety column of height and/or by prefabricated reinforced concrete upright column bottom section and prefabricated Reinforced concrete upright column top section and live the constituted reinforced concrete combination formula column that is in the milk are long along plank road by two rows It spends direction to be extended, the bottom end of column is such as adhesive on the rock on hillside with structure glue by fixation.In general precast reinforced Concrete monoblock type column can meet the requirement of the most of section column of plank road construction of the present invention, but encounter a small number of location height When the excessively frequent and prefabricated several monoblock type columns that rise and fall become more difficult, column can be by prefabricated column bottom section and prefabricated Column top section and scene grouting constituted with to connect the column stage casing of column bottom end and column top and constituted combined vertical pole. After column fixes, then linking beam, side bar and plank road plate are installed successively.What is particularly worth mentioning is that at least two in plank road plate Plank road plate can have certain wooden bullet to the property of intermediate arches after pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar is put when pedestrian being made to trample plank road plate Sexy and comfort.The present invention also more meets national building industrialization policy using prefabricated assembled plank road is industrialized.The present invention Do not destory the scene substantially vegetation and landforms, keeps the ecosystem environment at installation plank road.The environment for giving back to nature is suitable It should feel.Digging in-situ and to pour quantities smaller, and it is not required to the fasteners such as bolt substantially, main body realizes batch production prefabricated stand column And/or the prefabricated component of column bottom section and column top section, linking beam, side bar and plank road plate, assembled in situ composition leisure plank road, and after Phase is not required to repair and replace, at low cost, short construction period substantially, and construction efficiency is high.
Further, the construction method of prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road of the present invention, it is further comprising the steps of:
Further include pre- when the section of the column top of the prefabricated reinforced concrete monoblock type column and/or prefabricated reinforced concrete Make the bracket for being integrally formed and serving to linking beam Auxiliary support;
Further include setting it in the upper surface of every block of plank road plate in the step of prefabricated several blocks of armored concrete plank road plate Lines concaveconvex structure identical with local environment rock grain:The frame that length and width dimensions are more than plank road plate length and width dimensions is first made, Frame, which is pressed in, to be taken on the rock of lines, poured into frame with liquid-state silicon gel or liquid plastic and formed the plate of required thickness and wait for It is removed after reaching design requirement, does end template with the silica gel plate or plastic plate and pour and provided its lines and local environment rock line The bottom surface of the bottom surface of several blocks of plank road plates of the identical concaveconvex structure in road, the plank road plate poured out is layered on side bar in turn As the top surface of plank road plate;
Further include that plank road plate is prefabricated into opening upwards in the step of prefabricated several blocks of armored concrete plank road plate Frid:End template is done using above-mentioned silica gel plate or plastic plate, the outboard template being made of two side templates and two Side Templates is installed, It by two pretensioned prestressing reinforcement installations and tensioning and is anchored on side template, prefabricated at least opening upwards is installed The bar-mat reinforcement of Contraband font pours bottom plate, installs the interior pressuring template of two side template of band and two Side Templates, pours four side floors, conserves Concrete plank road plate reaches design strength grade, removes interior pressuring template, puts a pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar, removes outboard template and is The frid of opening upwards is obtained, the frid of the opening upwards poured out, which is layered in turn on side bar, becomes the slot that Open Side Down Plate;
The both ends by several blocks of prefabricated reinforced concrete plank road plates successively inlay card before the L-shaped groove of side bar, Rubber pad is installed on the horizontal edge of side bar L-shaped groove.
After above step, prefabricated bracket can be before meeting limit and connection request and playing a supportive role to linking beam The area of column top is reduced under the conditions of carrying.Its prefabricated lines of plank road surface concaveconvex structure identical with local environment rock grain Afterwards since local environment rock grain is substantially that rainwater or flowing water wash away, so the plank road plate surface in the present invention is recessed Male structure undoubtedly has drainage, simultaneously because concaveconvex structure necessarily has anti-skidding effect, it is further important that, Since the mechanical property of surface relief structure is inconsistent, so, after at least two pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bars are put in plank road plate Plank road plate can be further enhanced to the property of intermediate arches, not only more easily by plank road board in the L-shaped groove of side bar, Wooden elastic sensation and comfort when pedestrian also being made to trample plank road plate further enhance.There are one apparent advantages: Pedestrian tramples when on lines plank road plate identical with local environment rock grain or even will produce illusion, is thought as to walk residing On the rocky road of environment, that is, after using above step, concrete structure leisure plank road of the present invention and massif rock stratum one integrated mass, Harmony cooperation, environmental friendliness is very high, the natural environment and association of artists's tune of plank road and periphery.After plank road plate is prefabricated into frid, protecting Under the precondition for demonstrate,proving the due intensity of plank road plate and dynamics, the weight of plank road plate can be greatly reduced, significantly to save steel Muscle and concrete material.Wooden elastic sensation and comfort when so that pedestrian is trampled plank road plate after increase rubber pad further enhance.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the positive structure diagram of the column of plank road of the present invention, side bar, linking beam and plank road plate junction.
It is that the column of one embodiment of plank road of the present invention and the sectional structure of bowing of side bar and linking beam junction show in Fig. 2 It is intended to.
Fig. 3 is the positive structure diagram of the monoblock type column of plank road of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the positive structure diagram of the combined vertical pole of plank road of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is the positive schematic cross-sectional view of the plank road plate of plank road of the present invention.
Fig. 6 is the positive schematic cross-sectional view when plank road plate in Fig. 5 pours.
As shown in the figure 1, column, 1.1, monoblock type column, 1.2, combined vertical pole, 1.2.1, column top section are 1.2.2, vertical Column stage casing, 1.2.3, column bottom section, 2, bracket, 3, linking beam, 4, plank road plate, 5, L-shaped groove, 6, skirt side, 7, side bar, 8, First raised line, the 9, first groove, 10, rubber pad, the 11, second raised line, 12, two bevel edges, the 13, second groove, 14, foundation bolt, 15, ground, 16, stage casing template, 17, bar-mat reinforcement, 18, concaveconvex structure, 19, pretensioned prestressing muscle, 20, outboard template, 21, interior Pressuring template, 22, end template.
Specific implementation mode
The specific implementation mode of the present invention is described further below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.Herein it is to be understood that, for The explanation of these embodiments is used to help understand the present invention, but does not constitute limitation of the invention.In addition, disclosed below The present invention each embodiment in involved technical characteristic and technological means as long as they do not conflict with each other can To be combined with each other.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, Fig. 6
Prefabricated assembled concrete structure of the present invention is lain fallow plank road, including several that height dimension is identical and/or different With the fixed column 1 of massif or ground, column, which also has, claims stub or pile.The height dimension of the column 1 is identical and/or not Together, general identical on level land it is well understood that according to topography and geomorphology, and general mutual height dimension on slope or rock Difference, sometimes the height dimension of two root posts 1 side by side also differ.In other words, entire construction section generally there are shape State is that part is identical, and part is different;It may be all identical for certain locations;It again may all not for other certain locations Together.The column 1 is prefabricated reinforced concrete monoblock type column 1.1 and/or the column bottom section 1.2.3 by prefabricated reinforced concrete With the column top section 1.2.1 of prefabricated reinforced concrete and scene grouting to connect column bottom section 1.2.3 and column top section 1.2.1 The reinforced concrete combination formula columns 1.2 that are constituted of reinforced concrete upright column stage casing 1.2.2.And/or expansion is said that is, the present invention The column 1 of leisure plank road, can simultaneously use monoblock type column 1.1 and Combined vertical all using monoblock type column 1.1 Column 1.2, i.e. part use monoblock type column 1.1, partly use combined vertical pole 1.2, can also be all using Combined vertical Column 1.2, certainly, it is last the fact that possibility it is smaller.
Further include several prefabricated side bars 7 of armored concrete extended along plank road length direction, has on every side bar 7 inwardly L-shaped groove 5, the height on the setting side of the L-shaped groove 5 of side bar 7 higher than plank road plate 4 height to constitute the skirt of plank road Also there is title baseboard on side 6, skirt side 6.Every 7 end of side bar is longitudinal as X-direction moves with restricted side bar in each column 17 With the laterally such as structure of Y-direction movement, such as first specific implementation mode:The top surface of each column 1 has along plank road length direction First groove 9 of perforation, it is to be open from the middle to both ends that the outer side edges of the first groove 9, which are the side far from following linking beams 3, Inclined two bevel edge 12,9 centre of the first groove is wide and both ends open is narrow, and the bottom of 7 end of side bar has should with 1 top surface of column First groove half geomery matches and is embedded in the first raised line 8 in the half groove, and the bottom of another 7 end of side bar has Match with 1 top surface of column the other half geomery of first groove and is embedded in the first raised line 8 in the other half groove.The above knot For structure it is well understood that because 1 top of each column is connect with each one end of two side bars 7, one end of every side bar 7 accounts for the first groove 9 along plank road length direction half, below second specific implementation mode this respectively account for half structure it is also identical.For another example second Specific implementation mode:The top surface of each column has the groove penetrated through along plank road length direction, the shape of groove to be two and communicate Interior big outer small dovetail groove, i.e., narrow at wide both ends open among groove, the bottom of a side bar end has this with column top surface recessed Slot half geomery matches and is embedded in the raised line in the half groove in an i.e. dovetail groove, the bottom of another side bar end Have match with column top surface the other half geomery of the groove and be embedded in the other half groove it is convex in another i.e. dovetail groove Item.For another example third specific implementation mode:There are two cross grooves for the top surface of each column, and the bottom of a side bar end has Match with the column top surface cross groove geomery and is embedded in the raised line in the cross groove, another side bar end Bottom, which has, to match and is embedded in convex in another cross groove with column top surface another cross groove geomery Item.
Further include the prefabricated linking beam 3 of armored concrete of several two columns 1 of connection plank road width direction, every linking beam 3 ends are longitudinal such as X-direction movement and laterally such as the structure of Y-direction movement with restricted linking beam in each column 13;Every vertical The top surface of column 1, which has, to be extended along plank road width direction and in inside i.e. close to the side of linking beam 3 namely far from above-mentioned two bevel edge 12 Side set the second groove 13 of opening, the second groove 13 is inner wide outer narrow, and two sides are inclined bevel edge from inside to outside, every The bottom of 3 end of linking beam, which has, to be matched with 1 top surface of column, 13 geomery of the second groove and is embedded in second groove 13 Second raised line 11.First groove 9 is communicated with second groove 13, as shown in Figure 2.The limit of side bar 7 and column 1 Structure using it is above the first implement concrete mode when, the vertical view on 1 top of column, which show, communicates the first groove 9 afterwards and second recessed Slot 13 constitutes rough T-shaped.Second groove, 13 outer side bottom surface is close to the side of linking beam 3 namely far from above-mentioned two bevel edge 12 Side column 1 on have and be integrally formed and the bracket 2 that plays a supportive role to linking beam 3.
The top surface of column 1 described above refers to top surface and/or the column top of combined vertical pole 1.2 of monoblock type column 1.1 The top surface of section 1.2.1, i.e.,:It can be entirely the top surface of monoblock type column 1.1, can also be partly the top of monoblock type column 1.1 Face, another part are the top surfaces of the column top section 1.2.1 of combined vertical pole 1.2, can also be entirely the vertical of combined vertical pole 1.2 The top surface of capital section 1.2.1.But the possibility of latter situation is smaller.The top surface of column 1 can also claim the top of column 1, with Under it is also same.
Further include several block armored concrete prefabricated plank road plate 4 of the both ends inlay card in the L-shaped groove 5 of side bar 7, side bar There is rubber pad 10 between the horizontal edge and plank road plate 4 of 7 L-shaped groove 5.The upper surface of every block of plank road plate 4 have its lines with it is residing The identical concaveconvex structure of environment rock grain 18.At least two pre-tensioning systems extended along span direction are pre- in every block of plank road plate 4 Stress reinforcing bar 19.Plank road plate 4 is the reinforced concrete groove that Open Side Down, and described along span direction is generic term in industry, Certainly, also same below it will be understood that at the length direction along plank road plate 4.
The construction method of prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road of the present invention, includes the following steps:
The different armored concrete monoblock type column 1.1 of prefabricated more batches of height dimensions, all monoblock type columns 1.1 in every batch of Height dimension is identical and/or the reinforced concrete upright column bottom section of prefabricated several reinforced concrete combination formulas column 1.2 1.2.3 with reinforced concrete upright column top section 1.2.1.And/or the column 1 of the plank road that is, the present invention lies fallow is said in expansion, it can be all pre- Monoblock type column 1.1 is made, monoblock type column 1.1 can be gone out with partial precast, another part precasts the vertical of combined vertical pole 1.2 Column bottom section 1.2.3 and column top section 1.2.1 can also all precast the column bottom section 1.2.3 of combined vertical pole 1.2 and stand Capital section 1.2.1.Certainly, the possibility of the fact that last is smaller.It can be to the monoblock type column 1.1 of different height size in batches Number, convenient for lookup when to be transported to construction site.
It is vertical in the prefabricated reinforced concrete monoblock type column 1.1 and/or prefabricated reinforced concrete combined vertical pole 1.2 Further include precasting the bracket 2 for being integrally formed and serving to linking beam 3 Auxiliary support when the section 1.2.1 of capital.And/or expansion It says i.e., it is possible to all integral preform goes out bracket on monoblock type column 1.1, it can be simultaneously in the monoblock type column 1.1 precast Upper integral preform goes out bracket and integral preform goes out bracket on the section 1.2.1 of the column top of the combined vertical pole 1.2 precast, also Can all the column top of the combined vertical pole 1.2 precast section 1.2.1 on integral preform go out bracket.Certainly, last this The possibility of situation is smaller.
The area of the installation section of the bottom end of the column 1 can be more than the area of 1 bottom end other parts of column, be commonly called as amplifying Foot, and the through-hole passed through for foundation bolt 14 or opening can be set on the area that this is more than.Here the bottom end of column 1 should equally be done A variety of understandings, or all refer to the bottom end of monoblock type column 1.1, or part is the bottom end of monoblock type column 1.1 and another part is Combined vertical pole 1.2 column bottom section 1.2.3 bottom end, or entirely combined vertical pole 1.2 column bottom section 1.2.3 bottom End.Certainly, the possibility of the fact that last is smaller.
Prefabricated several linking beams 3, at 3 end of top surface and linking beam of monoblock type column 1.1 and/or column top section 1.2.1 It is specific that the bottom in portion precasts the longitudinal structure for example above first such as X-direction movement and laterally such as Y-direction movement of limitation linking beam 3 The position limiting structure of embodiment.
The prefabricated several armored concrete side bars 7 with L-shaped groove 5, in monoblock type column 1.1 and/or column top section 1.2.1 the bottom of 7 end of top surface and side bar, which is precast, limits 7 longitudinal direction of side bar as X-direction moves and lateral as Y-direction moves The position limiting structure of for example above first specific implementation mode of structure.
The top surface of column 1 described above also refers to the top surface of monoblock type column 1.1 and/or standing for combined vertical pole 1.2 The top surface of capital section 1.2.1, i.e.,:It can be the top surface of entirely monoblock type column 1.1, can also be partly monoblock type column 1.1 top surface, another part are the top surfaces of the column top section 1.2.1 of combined vertical pole 1.2, can also be entirely combined vertical pole The top surface of 1.2 column top section 1.2.1, but the possibility of latter situation is smaller.
Prefabricated several plots of armored concrete plank roads plate 4 sets at least two in every block of plank road plate 4 and extends along span direction Pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar 19.Further include in every block of plank road plate in the step of prefabricated several plots of armored concrete plank roads plate 4 4 upper surface sets identical with the local environment rock grain concaveconvex structure of its lines 18:It first makes length and width dimensions and is more than plank road plate The frame of length and width dimensions, frame, which is pressed in, to be taken on the rock of lines, poured into frame and formed with liquid-state silicon gel or liquid plastic It is removed after the plate of required thickness and design requirement to be achieved, does end template 22 with the silica gel plate or plastic plate and pour and provided its line The bottom surface of several blocks of plank road plates 4 of identical with the local environment rock grain concaveconvex structure in road 18, the plank road plate 4 poured out Bottom surface be layered in turn on side bar 7 become plank road plate 4 top surface.The step of the prefabricated several plots of armored concrete plank roads plate 4 Further include the frid that plank road plate 4 is prefabricated into opening upwards in rapid:End template 22 is done using above-mentioned silica gel plate or plastic plate, The outboard template 20 that is made of two side templates and two Side Templates is installed, simultaneously by two installations of pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bars 19 and tensioning It is anchored on side template, two pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bars 19 are normally at the upper end of side template, and two are located at when installing in turn The lower end of side plate.The bar-mat reinforcement 17 of the prefabricated Contraband font for being at least opening upwards is installed, Contraband font bar-mat reinforcement refers to both sides While having the bar-mat reinforcement of reinforcing bar, it is of course also possible to use four sides, that is, two sides and two end edges have the slot type bar-mat reinforcement of reinforcing bar.It pours Bottom plate installs the interior pressuring template 21 of two side template of band and two Side Templates, pours four side floors, curing concrete plank road plate 4 reaches Design strength grade, remove in pressuring template 21, put a pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar 19, remove outboard template 20 obtain being open to On frid, the frids of the opening upwards poured out, which is layered in turn on side bar 7, becomes the frid i.e. plank road that Open Side Down Plate 4;According to common sense it is found that make template be more conducive to demould, the releasing agent that the prior art can be used is coated in the interior table of all templates Face.
It can be appreciated that in general, the above prefabricated component, in addition to 1.1 height dimension of monoblock type column has difference, remaining rule Lattice size all, as several prefabricated 7 specifications of side bar, several prefabricated 3 specifications of linking beam are equal Equally, prefabricated a plurality of uprights top section 1.2.1 specifications are uniform for several pieces of prefabricated 4 specifications of plank road plate Sample, prefabricated a plurality of uprights bottom section 1.2.3 specifications are.
Above-mentioned prefabricated component is transported to construction site, according to plank road width and height, two monoblock type columns 1.1 are fixed side by side On the rock of hillside or on ground, and/or by two column bottoms section 1.2.3 be fixed on side by side on the rock of hillside or on ground.It is described Fixation such as rock possible constructions glue by the bottom end of the bottom end of column 1, that is, monoblock type column 1.1 and/or combined vertical pole 1.2 Column bottom section 1.2.3 bottom end be adhesive on the rock on hillside.Such as softer ground, the cast-in-place coagulation of use that can also be a small amount of Soil constitutes ground 15 and fixed foundation bolt 14, by the column bottom of monoblock type column 1.1 and/or combined vertical pole 1.2 section 1.2.3 It is fixed on ground 15 with nut through foundation bolt 14.And/or the stage casing template 16 and column top section 1.2.1 of column are installed, By the reinforcement welding of the reinforcing bar of column stage casing 1.2.2 and column bottom section 1.2.3 and column top section 1.2.1, column stage casing is poured 1.2.2 concrete, after column stage casing, 1.2.2 concrete becomes combined vertical pole 1.2 after reaching design requirement.In the column The height dimension of section 1.2.2 is identical and/or differs, or in other words, the mutual phase of height dimension of combined vertical pole 1.2 With and/or differ, it is general identical on level land it is well understood that according to topography and geomorphology, and on slope or rock it is general mutually it Between height dimension it is different, the height dimension of two root posts 1 side by side also differs sometimes.That is, entire construction section one As existing state be that part is identical, part is different;It may be all identical for certain locations;Again for other certain locations It may be all different.In general, multiple columns 1 use monoblock type column 1.1, multiple columns 1 when height is identical between each other Combined vertical pole 1.2 can be used when height is different between each other, certainly, multiple columns 1 are when height is different between each other and difference Size have certain quantity, monoblock type column 1.1 can also be used.Multiple column columns 1 are along plank road length direction in both sides etc. Distance arrangement, corner can be arranged by topography umbrella shape.Although the height of column 1.1 is different according to terrain variation, not Indigestibility, it is ensured that 4 top surface of plank road plate that plank road is spread seamlessly transits.
It is the limitation of 3 end base of top and linking beam of monoblock type column 1.1 and/or combined vertical pole 1.2 by column 1 The position limiting structure of the first for example above-mentioned specific implementation mode of structure of 3 longitudinal shift and transverse shift of linking beam installs.It will stand Column 1 is that the limitation side bar 7 of 7 end base of top and side bar of monoblock type column 1.1 and/or combined vertical pole 1.2 is longitudinal and horizontal It is respectively mounted to the position limiting structure of the first for example above-mentioned specific implementation mode of mobile structure.The continuous above construction makes column 1 again Top limits and connect with linking beam 3 and side bar 7.
It is above-described and/or such understanding should be done:Can be entirely monoblock type column 1.1, it can also part It is monoblock type column 1.1, another part is combined vertical pole 1.2, can also be entirely combined vertical pole 1.2, but latter feelings The possibility of condition is smaller.
The installation such as gluing rubber pad 10 on the horizontal edge of the L-shaped groove 5 of side bar 7 again, by several pieces of precast reinforced coagulations Native plank road plate 4 be the frid that Open Side Down both ends successively inlay card in the L-shaped groove 5 of two side bars 7.
The installation of the auxiliary equipment such as other corresponding draining, illuminations can be also completed to mounted plank road.
The foregoing is merely the preferred embodiment of the present invention, are not intended to restrict the invention, for the technology of this field For personnel, the invention may be variously modified and varied.It is all within spirit of that invention and principle, made by it is any modification, Equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should all be included in the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. The plank road 1. a kind of prefabricated assembled concrete structure is lain fallow, including several and mountain that height dimension is identical and/or different The fixed column of body or ground (1), several prefabricated side bars of armored concrete (7) extended along plank road length direction and several Connect the prefabricated linking beam of armored concrete (3) of two column (1) of plank road width direction, it is characterised in that:The column (1) is pre- Armored concrete monoblock type column (1.1) processed and/or by prefabricated reinforced concrete column bottom section (1.2.3) and it is precast reinforced mix It coagulates the column top section (1.2.1) of soil and scene is in the milk to connect the column of column bottom section (1.2.3) and column top section (1.2.1) The reinforced concrete combination formula column (1.2) that stage casing (1.2.2) is constituted;Every side bar (7) end has in each column (1) The structure of side bar (7) longitudinal shift and transverse shift is limited, has inside L-shaped groove (5), every company on every side bar (7) The structure of binder (3) end and restricted linking beam (3) longitudinal shift and transverse shift in each column (1);Further include both ends The prefabricated plank road plate (4) of several block armored concrete of the inlay card in the L-shaped groove (5) of side bar (7), every piece of plank road plate (4) are interior At least two pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bars (19) extended along span direction.
  2. The plank road 2. prefabricated assembled concrete structure according to claim 1 is lain fallow, it is characterised in that:Every block of plank road plate (4) there is its lines concaveconvex structure (18) identical with local environment rock grain in upper surface.
  3. The plank road 3. prefabricated assembled concrete structure according to claim 2 is lain fallow, it is characterised in that:Side bar (7) L There is rubber pad (10) between the horizontal edge and plank road plate (4) of font groove (5).
  4. The plank road 4. prefabricated assembled concrete structure according to claim 2 is lain fallow, it is characterised in that:The plank road plate (1) it is the reinforced concrete groove that Open Side Down.
  5. The plank road 5. prefabricated assembled concrete structure according to claim 1 is lain fallow, it is characterised in that:Each column (1) Top surface have the first groove (9) penetrated through along plank road length direction, the outer side edges of the first groove (9) are to be open from the middle to both ends Inclined two bevel edge (12), the first groove (9) is intermediate wide and both ends open is narrow, and the bottom of side bar (7) end has and column (1) top surface the first groove (9) the half geomery matches and is embedded in the first raised line (8) in the half groove, another side The bottom of beam (7) end, which has, to match with column (1) top surface the first groove (9) half geomery and is embedded in the other half groove Interior the first raised line (8).
  6. The plank road 6. prefabricated assembled concrete structure according to claim 5 is lain fallow, it is characterised in that:Each column (1) Top surface have and extend along plank road width direction and set the second groove (13) of opening in the side far from two bevel edges (12), second is recessed Slot (10) is inner wide outer narrow, and two sides are inclined bevel edge from inside to outside, and the bottom of every linking beam (3) end has and column (1) top surface the second groove (13) geomery matches and is embedded in the second raised line (11) in second groove (13);Described First groove (9) is communicated with second groove (13).
  7. The plank road 7. prefabricated assembled concrete structure according to claim 6 is lain fallow, it is characterised in that:Second groove (10) there is the bracket (2) for being integrally formed and playing a supportive role to linking beam (3) on the column (1) of outer side bottom surface.
  8. The plank road 8. prefabricated assembled concrete structure according to claim 1 is lain fallow, it is characterised in that:The side bar (7) L-shaped groove (5) setting while height higher than plank road plate (4) skirt of the height to constitute plank road while (6).
  9. 9. the construction method of the prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road described in a kind of any one of claim 1~8, It is characterized in that:Include the following steps:
    The different armored concrete monoblock type column (1.1) of prefabricated more batches of height dimensions, the height of every batch of monoblock type column (1.1) Size is identical and/or prefabricated several reinforced concrete upright column bottoms section (1.2.3) and column top section (1.2.1), prefabricated several Armored concrete linking beam (3), monoblock type column (1.1) and/or column top section (1.2.1) top surface and link beam end Bottom precasts the structure of limitation linking beam (3) longitudinal shift and transverse shift;The prefabricated several steel with L-shaped groove (5) Reinforced concrete side bar (7), the bottom in monoblock type column (1.1) and/or the top surface and side bar (7) end of column top section (1.2.1) Portion precasts the structure of limitation side bar (7) longitudinal shift and transverse shift;Prefabricated several plots of armored concrete plank roads plate (4), At least two pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bars (19) extended along span direction are set in every piece of plank road plate (4);
    Above-mentioned prefabricated component is transported to construction site, according to plank road width and height, two monoblock type columns (1.1) are fixed on side by side On the rock of hillside or on ground, and/or by two column bottoms section (1.2.3) be fixed on side by side on the rock of hillside or on ground, installation Good stage casing template (16) and column top section (1.2.1) by the reinforcing bar of column stage casing (1.2.2) and column bottom section (1.2.3) and are stood The reinforcement welding of capital section (1.2.1), pours column stage casing (1.2.2) concrete, a plurality of uprights stage casing (1.2.2) phase Height dimension is identical between mutually and/or differs, and after column stage casing (1.2.2) concrete reaches design strength grade, will stand The structure of limitation linking beam (3) longitudinal shift and transverse shift of column (1) top surface and linking beam (3) end base installs, root According to side bar (7) length along plank road length direction it is continuous more than column (1) and linking beam (3) construction;By column (1) top surface It installs with the structure of limitation side bar (7) longitudinal shift and transverse shift of side bar (7) end base, connects along plank road length direction It is continuous to install side bar (7);By the both ends of several pieces of prefabricated reinforced concrete plank road plates (4) successively inlay card two side bars (7) L words In connected in star (5).
  10. 10. a kind of construction method of the prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road described in claim 9, it is characterised in that: It is further comprising the steps of:
    When the column top of the prefabricated reinforced concrete monoblock type column (1.1) and/or prefabricated reinforced concrete section (1.2.1), Further include precasting the bracket (2) for being integrally formed and playing a supportive role to linking beam (3);
    Further include being set in the upper surface of every piece of plank road plate (4) in the step of prefabricated several plots of armored concrete plank roads plate (4) Its lines concaveconvex structure (18) identical with local environment rock grain:It first makes length and width dimensions and is more than plank road plate length and width dimensions Frame, frame, which is pressed in, to be taken on the rock of lines, poured into liquid-state silicon gel or liquid plastic and formed required thickness in frame Removed after plate and design requirement to be achieved, with the silica gel plate or plastic plate do end template (22) pour provided its lines with it is residing The bottom surface of several pieces of plank road plates (4) of the identical concaveconvex structure of environment rock grain (18), the plank road plate (4) poured out Bottom surface is layered on the top surface for becoming plank road plate (4) on side bar (7) in turn;
    Further include that plank road plate (4) is prefabricated into opening upwards in the step of prefabricated several plots of armored concrete plank roads plate (4) Frid:End template (22) is done using above-mentioned silica gel plate or plastic plate, installation is made of outer two side templates and two Side Templates Side template (20) by two pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar (19) installations and tensioning and is anchored on two side templates, and installation is prefabricated The Contraband font for being at least opening upwards bar-mat reinforcement (17), pour bottom plate, the internal pressure of band two side templates and two Side Templates be installed Template (21) pours four side floors, and curing concrete plank road plate (4) reaches design strength grade, removes interior pressuring template (21), puts Pretensioned prestressing reinforcing bar (19) is opened, the frid that outboard template (20) obtains opening upwards, the opening poured out are removed Upward frid, which is layered in turn on side bar (7), becomes the frid that Open Side Down;
    The both ends by several pieces of prefabricated reinforced concrete plank road plates (4) L-shaped groove (5) of the inlay card in side bar (7) successively Before interior, rubber pad (10) is installed on the horizontal edge of side bar (7) L-shaped groove (5).
CN201810730436.4A 2018-07-05 2018-07-05 Prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road and its construction method Pending CN108755386A (en)

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CN204608560U (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-09-02 南京杰迈新材料科技有限公司 Multidirectional anti slip glass steel board
CN204849569U (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-09 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Steel pipe concrete stem stem prefabricated unit construction bridge pier stud of putting more energy into
CN205420996U (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-08-03 徐州市市政设计院有限公司 Water landing stage is striden to prefabricated plate
CN205603992U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-09-28 扬州大学 Prefabricated road deck of RPC shell light aggregate concrete base member
CN106120543A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-11-16 福州大学 A kind of assembled pier of band power consumption protection device and preparation method thereof
CN206090827U (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-04-12 四川汉驭空间钢结构有限公司 Have embedded steel construction of bathroom precast floor plank assembly house
CN206784148U (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-12-22 溧阳市甜园景观设计工程有限公司 A kind of concrete imitation wooden footway
CN208501468U (en) * 2018-07-05 2019-02-15 宁波它山奇境文化旅游发展有限公司 Prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2007023713A (en) * 2005-07-21 2007-02-01 Jfe Engineering Kk Steel/concrete composite rigid-frame bridge and its construction method
CN202577086U (en) * 2012-05-12 2012-12-05 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Reinforced concrete precast pavement slab
KR20140059104A (en) * 2012-11-07 2014-05-15 황익현 Method for manufacturing precast concrete panel with excellent slip resistance and durability
CN104195936A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-12-10 成都佳美嘉科技有限公司 Novel landscape plank road
CN204608560U (en) * 2015-04-27 2015-09-02 南京杰迈新材料科技有限公司 Multidirectional anti slip glass steel board
CN204849569U (en) * 2015-08-10 2015-12-09 江苏建筑职业技术学院 Steel pipe concrete stem stem prefabricated unit construction bridge pier stud of putting more energy into
CN205420996U (en) * 2016-02-02 2016-08-03 徐州市市政设计院有限公司 Water landing stage is striden to prefabricated plate
CN205603992U (en) * 2016-03-31 2016-09-28 扬州大学 Prefabricated road deck of RPC shell light aggregate concrete base member
CN106120543A (en) * 2016-08-18 2016-11-16 福州大学 A kind of assembled pier of band power consumption protection device and preparation method thereof
CN206090827U (en) * 2016-08-27 2017-04-12 四川汉驭空间钢结构有限公司 Have embedded steel construction of bathroom precast floor plank assembly house
CN206784148U (en) * 2017-05-25 2017-12-22 溧阳市甜园景观设计工程有限公司 A kind of concrete imitation wooden footway
CN208501468U (en) * 2018-07-05 2019-02-15 宁波它山奇境文化旅游发展有限公司 Prefabricated assembled concrete structure leisure plank road

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Application publication date: 20181106