CN108754819A - A kind of preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric - Google Patents

A kind of preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108754819A
CN108754819A CN201810617960.0A CN201810617960A CN108754819A CN 108754819 A CN108754819 A CN 108754819A CN 201810617960 A CN201810617960 A CN 201810617960A CN 108754819 A CN108754819 A CN 108754819A
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preparation
quantum energy
elastic skin
skin softening
modal
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徐建海
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Rugao Haixin Weaving Co Ltd
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Rugao Haixin Weaving Co Ltd
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D04BRAIDING; LACE-MAKING; KNITTING; TRIMMINGS; NON-WOVEN FABRICS
    • D04BKNITTING
    • D04B1/00Weft knitting processes for the production of fabrics or articles not dependent on the use of particular machines; Fabrics or articles defined by such processes
    • D04B1/14Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials
    • D04B1/18Other fabrics or articles characterised primarily by the use of particular thread materials elastic threads
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06CFINISHING, DRESSING, TENTERING OR STRETCHING TEXTILE FABRICS
    • D06C7/00Heating or cooling textile fabrics
    • D06C7/02Setting
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/36Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with oxides, hydroxides or mixed oxides; with salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/38Oxides or hydroxides of elements of Groups 1 or 11 of the Periodic Table
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/50Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with hydrogen peroxide or peroxides of metals; with persulfuric, permanganic, pernitric, percarbonic acids or their salts
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/0032Determining dye recipes and dyeing parameters; Colour matching or monitoring
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P1/00General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed
    • D06P1/44General processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or general processes of dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the dyes, pigments, or auxiliary substances employed using insoluble pigments or auxiliary substances, e.g. binders
    • D06P1/673Inorganic compounds
    • D06P1/67333Salts or hydroxides
    • D06P1/6735Salts or hydroxides of alkaline or alkaline-earth metals with anions different from those provided for in D06P1/67341
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06PDYEING OR PRINTING TEXTILES; DYEING LEATHER, FURS OR SOLID MACROMOLECULAR SUBSTANCES IN ANY FORM
    • D06P3/00Special processes of dyeing or printing textiles, or dyeing leather, furs, or solid macromolecular substances in any form, classified according to the material treated
    • D06P3/82Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres
    • D06P3/8204Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres fibres of different chemical nature
    • D06P3/8223Textiles which contain different kinds of fibres fibres of different chemical nature mixtures of fibres containing hydroxyl and ester groups
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06M2101/06Vegetal fibres cellulosic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/16Synthetic fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/30Synthetic polymers consisting of macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M2101/32Polyesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/20Cellulose-derived artificial fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2331/00Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products
    • D10B2331/04Fibres made from polymers obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. polycondensation products polyesters, e.g. polyethylene terephthalate [PET]
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/13Physical properties anti-allergenic or anti-bacterial
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2401/00Physical properties
    • D10B2401/16Physical properties antistatic; conductive

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  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Textile Engineering (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Inorganic Chemistry (AREA)
  • Knitting Of Fabric (AREA)

Abstract

The present invention relates to the preparation methods that a kind of high-elastic skin softening is knitted fabric, which is characterized in that the preparation method comprises the following steps:1) raw material choice;2) spinning process;3) weaving process;4) dyeing and final finishing.The preparation method selects rational pretreatment mode, dyestuff and dyeing, while ensureing dye-uptake, reduces the loss of strength.The processes such as soft finish technology, sizing, preshrunk in this method, it is ensured that the bright and clean softness of fabric, dimensionally stable.Entire method greatly reduces cost, is promoted and applied convenient for large-scale;5) the soft smooth, drapability of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric product that prepared by this method is good and moisture absorption is ventilative, and with antibacterial, far infrared and anti-ultraviolet functionality.There is apparent advantage compared to general fabric in functionality, fashion, added value, economic benefit etc..

Description

A kind of preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of preparation method, especially a kind of preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric belongs to weaving Middle functional textile fabric technical field.
Background technology
With the enhancing of people's health care consciousness, the requirement to textile is also gradually ventilative, windproof anti-from soft comfortable, moisture absorption In terms of rain etc. expands to the functionality such as uvioresistant, far infrared, antibacterial and deodouring, anti-mould and anti-moth, antistatic, and various novel fabrics Development and application and the development of new technology of preparing so that these requirements are gradually achieved.In recent years, functional and health care The fabric dress ornament of type becomes the favorite of fashion, repeatedly becomes the leading role of material clothing exhibition.Foreign countries are to functional knitting fabric Research and development embodies a concentrated reflection of in the research of fiber and yarn, i.e. exploitation has the fibre of the functions such as antibacterial, antistatic, far infrared Peacekeeping yarn.The main method using physics or chemistry will have functional substance figure antiseptic, ceramic powders etc., draw Enter to fiber surface or fibrous inside, makes it have the functionality such as antibacterial, far infrared, uvioresistant.For example, by terylene etc. It is added containing the special ceramics powder such as chromium oxide, magnesia, zirconium oxide, especially nano level fine pottery in synthetic fibers spinning solution Porcelain powder makes fiber have far-infrared functional.In recent years, with the transition and upgrade of China's textile industry, the country is also being ground always Study carefully functional knitting fabric, textile enterprise constantly employs new technology, new raw material, new process, grows with each passing hour, multi-crossed disciplines are opened The scientific and technological fabric with high added value is sent out to meet the needs of people, while guiding and promoting the trend of new textile product. However, due to the exploitation of functional fiber, of high cost, input is big, it is difficult to realize large-scale industrialization, then Collator Mode is real Existing functional fabric, mutually with the continuous improvement of living standards, requirement of the people to dress ornament are more focused on functional, environmental protection and are protected It is strong.The production and selling of functional textile also expands therewith.Currently, the annual market sales revenue of global functional textile is about It is 80,000,000,000 dollars, and domestic functionality is in contrast, it is at low cost, it may have of short duration functionality, price rather moderate.At present Most of functional fabric on domestic market is realized by final finishing mode.
Invention content
The present invention exactly for the technical problems in the prior art, provides a kind of preparation of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric Method, this method is blended using multiple fiber, can learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses in performance, fully demonstrate the excellent performance of various fibers, Assign textile product multifunctionality.
To achieve the goals above, technical scheme is as follows, the preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric, special Sign is that the preparation method comprises the following steps:1) raw material choice;2) spinning process;3) weaving process;4) it dyes and rear whole Reason.
As an improvement of the present invention, raw material choice is specific as follows in the step 1), quantum energy terylene, fibrous elasticity Fiber, weaving cellulose modal, fiber blend ratio are respectively:Quantum energy terylene accounts for 50%, and weaving cellulose modal accounts for 40%, and elastomer accounts for 10% this blending rate can ensure that quantum energy terylene accounts for 50% in fabric, play the work(of quantum energy fiber to greatest extent Can, improve the functionality of this knitting fabric.
As an improvement of the present invention, the step 2) spinning process is specific as follows:For quantum energy polyester fiber 60/ The hosiery yarns of 20/ elastomer 2014.8tex of Modal, the side for taking quantum energy polyester fiber and elastomer cotton packet to mix Method, then again with the respective spinning process in stripes of quantum energy polyester fiber, weaving cellulose modal;For quantum energy polyester fiber 40/ The hosiery yarns of Modal 6014.8tex takes quantum energy polyester fiber and weaving cellulose modal respectively spinning process in stripes.
As an improvement of the present invention, the step 3) weaving process is specific as follows:Select circular knitting machine-cropping Sheet-fabric transport of inspect by random samples-weighing is stacked.
As an improvement of the present invention, the step 4) dyeing and final finishing are specific as follows, blank loose winding-margin to seam- Pre-setting-tape edge (at cylinder)-dyeing pre-treatment-dyeing-washing-dehydration-soft finish-sizing-preshrunk-is fallen Machine is packed.
As an improvement of the present invention, pre-setting concrete technology is as follows in the step 4), be added hydrogen peroxide, caustic soda, Refining agent, dispersion Antifoam Agent, operate 5min, are rapidly heated to 80 DEG C, keep the temperature 30min, be cooled to 60 DEG C, over flow rinse 5min, drain.
As an improvement of the present invention, dyeing concrete technology is as follows in the step 4):Cotton levelling agent F- is added 305, it is added the 1/2 of dyestuff quality after operating 10min, operates 15min, 1/2 dyestuff is added and transports 20min, anhydrous sodium sulphate, operating is added Soda ash is added in 30min, operates 25min, is warming up to 60 DEG C, keeps the temperature 60min, is cooled to 30 DEG C, in pickling and 15min.
As an improvement of the present invention, sizing concrete technology is as follows in the step 4), and width, open width preshrunk are cutd open in dehydration Loose-drying, tentering setting, cropping are placed, are examined, and finished product, the wherein drying temperature of open width preshrunk loose-drying are 110 DEG C, are dried The dry time is 2min, and the temperature of stentering forming is 175 DEG C, rate 25m/min.
Compared with the existing technology, advantages of the present invention is as follows:1) technical solution is blended using multiple fiber, can be in property Can on learn from other's strong points to offset one's weaknesses, fully demonstrate the excellent performance of various fibers, assign the multifunctionality of the textile, in the program, quantum Energy polyester fiber is to mix fusion under paste by quantum energy powder (1%~2%) and ordinary polyester resin, and melting extrusion is in ball Shape or columned quantum energy dacron master grain, then blended spinning are produced, and functionality is generated by quantum energy powder, should Powder is the sub-micron superfines that grain size is 500nm or so, and main component is silica and alumino-silicate.The powder has There are far infrared, uvioresistant and antibacterial, so quantum energy polyester fiber is that have the function of far infrared, uvioresistant and antibacterial Property fiber.However quantum energy polyester fiber regain is low, obvolvent force difference, fabric sucting wet air permeability obtained is poor, easy pilling, Electrostatic phenomenon is serious.Elastomer ZENTRA is by a kind of new polyester material of Huvis company of South Korea independent research. ZENTRA fibers have many advantages, such as that soft texture, flexible ability is strong, durability is strong, colourability and dyeability are strong.The fiber can With the fiber blends such as cotton, terylene, viscose glue, overcome spandex thread dyeing, durability and it is weak chemically etc. there are the problem of, It is widely used in high-grade elastic force cowboy, leisure fabric and knitting field.Modal (Modal) is Austrian Lenzin company with natural Beech is raw material, the manufactured regenerated celulose fibre being process through special spinning technique.The all days of the products material Right material, can natural decomposition, it is all harmless to human body and environment, be a kind of environmentally protective fiber.Weaving cellulose modal has plentiful Soft feel, the gloss as silk, feature bright in colour after good hygroscopicity, stainability and dye, using these three fibres This high-elastic skin softening for tieing up mixed yarn exploitation is knitted fabric, disclosure satisfy that people, will to fabric function, comfortable, health care demand Have a vast market foreground;2) the knitting fabric uses reactive dyeing, the reactive dye in dyeing, level-dyeing property Good, every color fastness is higher after dyeing, and antistatic softening agent is added in preceding processing and dyeing, prevents fabric from entirely locating It is generated during reason and hooks silk, folding line and uneven dyeing.Cotton levelling agent is added in dyeing course, dyestuff is made to be uniformly dispersed, and is prevented The only excessive aggregation of dye molecule;3) due to containing elastomer in the fabric, so during final finishing, fabric is carried out Thermal finalization wants fabric width and grammes per square metre stability with adjusting the shrinkage after the collated processing of fabric and meeting client It asks;4) preparation method selects rational pretreatment mode, dyestuff and dyeing, while ensureing dye-uptake, reduces strength Loss.The processes such as soft finish technology, sizing, preshrunk in this method, it is ensured that the bright and clean softness of fabric, dimensionally stable.Entirely Method greatly reduces cost, is promoted and applied convenient for large-scale;5) high-elastic skin softening prepared by this method is knitted fabric product hand Sense softness is smooth, drapability is good and moisture absorption is ventilative, and has antibacterial, far infrared and anti-ultraviolet functionality.It is functional, Fashion, added value, economic benefit etc. have apparent advantage compared to general fabric.
Specific implementation mode
In order to deepen the understanding of the present invention and recognize, the invention will be further described With reference to embodiment And introduction.
Embodiment 1:
The preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric, the preparation method comprises the following steps:1) raw material choice;Quantum energy The leading indicator of polyester fiber:Fiber linear density 1.44dtex, length 38mm, elongation at break:21.2%, fracture strength: 6.17cN/tex, crispation number 12, specific resistance 2.3, oil content 2.4;The leading indicator of elastomer:Fineness is 1.33dtex, long Degree is 40mm, regain 0.49%, specific resistance 2.78;The leading indicator of weaving cellulose modal:Fineness 1.3dtex, length 39mm, Strongly:5.13cN/cm, regain:11.25%;The blending ratio of three kinds of yarns is respectively:Quantum energy terylene accounts for 60%, Modal Fiber accounts for 20%, elastomer account for 20% or quantum energy terylene account for 40% and weaving cellulose modal account for 60%.This blending rate It can ensure that quantum energy terylene accounts for 50% in fabric, play the function of quantum energy fiber to greatest extent, improve this knitting The functionality of fabric;2) spinning process, in spinning process, since elastomer ZENTRA elasticity is big, fluffy, obvolvent force difference, To enhance its spinnability, a certain amount of antistatic agent, the proportioning of fibre weight and antistatic dosage is added in fore-spinning first It is 1:03%, for the hosiery yarns of 60/ Modal of quantum energy polyester fiber, 20/ elastomer 2014.8tex, take quantum energy The method of polyester fiber and the mixing of elastomer cotton packet, it is then respectively in stripes with quantum energy polyester fiber, weaving cellulose modal again Spinning process.For the hosiery yarns of 40/ Modal 6014.8tex of quantum energy polyester fiber, take quantum energy polyester fiber and The respective spinning process in stripes of weaving cellulose modal.For the mixed quantum energy polyester fiber of cotton packet and elastomer, opening or cleaning work In sequence, the characteristics of fluffy in conjunction with elastomer, elastic big and saturation force difference, shredding hitting dynamics is suitably reduced, and reduce each The speed of hired roughneck, at the same avoid it is excessive tangle, reduce fibre damage, it is ensured that coiled good.In carding step, polyester fiber is easy Top and bottom rolls are adhered, fibre damage is big, and cotton knot is more, and the cotton net transfer that easily drops is difficult and easily broken, should follow low velocity, light fixed Amount, the technological principle of big gauge;Increase the gauge between licker-in and feed plate, the appropriate gauge for reducing cylinder and cover board uses New type metallic wire cloth reduces fiber deposition, is conducive to fibre migration, reduces the incidence of short flannel and cotton knot.And weaving cellulose modal Regularity is good and more straight, is easy to shredding, so short route should be used, mixed with shredding based on, striking point is reduced, to comb generation It beats, more combs are beaten less, control linters rate.Carding step need to reduce the speed of licker-in and cylinder, increase the gauge of cover board and cylinder.? Drawing process, quantum energy terylene/elastomer pre-drawing, quantum energy terylene pre-drawing and Modal pre-drawing are in first drawing frame Upper mixing ensures to be uniformly mixed by four draftings.Since ptt fiber elasticity is big, back area draft power is big, so selection slubbing Suitably put small when the drafting multiple of main drawing area, back zone suitably increases, two or three back zone drafting multiples suitably put it is small while appropriate plus The tension of big reel cage pressure and front ring item, the solid carbon dioxide for improving ripe bar is flat, in Roving Frames, using jogging speed, pressurization, larger again Back zone roller gauge and the technological principle for amplifying total draft multiple as possible.Amplify total draft multiple as possible, to reduce spun yarn work The total draft multiple of sequence is conducive to control of the spun yarn drafting in the process to fiber.Spinning process using pressurizeing again, lead by larger back zone Gauge, the technological principle of smaller back zone drafting multiple are stretched, the generation of details and the weak ring of strength is reduced, is described in bracket once The concrete model of each equipment can also be exchanged voluntarily according to actual conditions;
Spinning technological process:The spinning process of 60/ Modal of quantum energy terylene, 20/ elastomer 2014.8tex stocking yarns Flow is as follows:
1. quantum energy terylene and elastomer:Griping cotton machine (FA002A)-mixed cotton slitter (A035E)-opener (FA106)-cotton feeder (A092A)-lapper (A076E)-cotton carding (A186F)-pre-drawing (FA306A)
2. quantum energy terylene:Griping cotton machine (FA002A)-mixed cotton slitter (A035E)-opener (FA106)-cotton feeder (A092A)-lapper (A076E)-cotton carding (A186F)-pre-drawing (FA306A)
3. Modal:Griping cotton machine (FA002A)-mixed cotton slitter (A035E)-opener (FA106)-cotton feeder (A092A)-lapper (A076E)-cotton carding (FA203A)-pre-drawing (FA306A)
1.+2.+3. pre-drawing-slubbing drafting (FA306A)-bis- simultaneously (FA306A)-tri- simultaneously (FA306A)-end simultaneously (JWF1310)-rove (JWF1415)-spun yarn (DTM129, i.e., 3 quantum energy terylene are mixed with elastomer pre-drawing, 3 Root quantum energy terylene pre-drawing and two Modal pre-drawings are in the enterprising wardrobe road drafting of first drawing frame, and then 8 slubbings are simultaneously Item carries out two draftings, three draftings and last drawing process, then carries out rove and spinning process.
The spinning technological process of 40/ Modal 6014.8tex stocking yarns of quantum energy terylene is as follows:
1. quantum energy terylene:Griping cotton machine (FA002A)-mixed cotton slitter (A035E)-opener (FA106)-cotton feeder (A092A)-lapper (A076E)-cotton carding (A186F)-pre-drawing (FA306A)
2. Modal:Griping cotton machine (FA002A)-mixed cotton slitter (A035E)-opener (FA106)-cotton feeder (A092A)-lapper (A076E)-cotton carding (FA203A)-pre-drawing (FA306A)
1.+2. pre-drawing-slubbing drafting (FA306A)-bis- simultaneously (FA306A)-tri- simultaneously (FA306A)-end simultaneously (JWF1310)-rove (JWF1415)-spun yarn (DTM129)-GA016 bobbin-winding machines, i.e. 3 quantum energy terylene pre-drawings and 4 Root Modal pre-drawing carries out two draftings, three simultaneously in the enterprising wardrobe road drafting of first drawing frame, the then strip of 6 slubbing draftings Item and last drawing process, then carry out rove, spun yarn and winding process.
Spinning process control flow is as follows:
(A) technological parameter and key point of 60/ Modal of quantum energy terylene, 20/ elastomer 2014.8tex stocking yarns
(1) quantum energy terylene blowing cotton carding main technologic parameters
Blowing:A076E integrates Beater Speed 750r/min, lap roller speed:10 turns/min, fan speed:880 turns/ Min, cotton roll design wet quantification of 380g/m, design fixed length 31.6m, and blowing rouleau weighs 13.6kg (pricker containing cotton) surely.
Cotton carding:Cylinder-Flat Gauge 8*7*7*7*8, cylinder speed 350r/min, licker-in speed 680r/min, cover board speed Spend 120mm/min, sliver exporting speed 65m/min, quantitative 21.5g/5m, cotton junction number:2/1g, item does cv values:4.5%, regain: 0.4%.
(2) quantum energy terylene and the mixed blowing cotton carding main technologic parameters of elastomer cotton packet
Blowing:A076E integrates Beater Speed 720r/min, lap roller speed:8 turns/min, fan speed:800 turns/ Min, cotton roll design wet quantification of 380g/m, design fixed length 31.6m, and blowing rouleau weighs 13.6kg (pricker containing cotton) surely.
Cotton carding:Cylinder-Flat Gauge 8*7*7*7*8, cylinder speed 330r/min, licker-in speed 650r/min, cover board speed Spend 110mm/min, sliver exporting speed 60m/min, quantitative 21.5g/5m, cotton junction number:3/1g, item does cv values:4.8%, regain: 0.5%.
(3) Modal blowing cotton carding main technologic parameters
Blowing:A076E integrates Beater Speed 750r/min, lap roller speed:10 turns/min, fan speed:880 turns/ Min Modals design wet quantification of 380g/m, design fixed length 31.6m, and blowing rouleau weighs 13.6kg (pricker containing cotton) surely.
Cotton carding:Cylinder-Flat Gauge 8*7*7*7*8, cylinder speed 360r/min, licker-in speed 645r/min, shaping speed Spend 80m/min, doffing speed 25r/min, quantitative 25g/5m, cotton junction number:3/1g, item does cv values:6.81%, regain: 10.2%.
(4) pre-drawing main technologic parameters
2 pre-drawing technological parameter of table
(5) drafting main technologic parameters:
3 drawing process parameter of table
Process Wet quantitative g/5m Number of doubling Roller is every mm Total draft
Head is simultaneously 22 Pre-+3 mixed pre-+2M of 3QT are pre- 11×18 8.36
Two simultaneously 20 6 11×18 6.6
Three simultaneously 20 6 11×18 6
End is simultaneously 19.8 6 11×18 5.94
(6) rove main technologic parameters
Rove Dry Weight per Unit 4.8g/10m, the twist 3.0,1.25 times of back zone drafting multiple, 8.28 times of total draft multiple, ingot speed 850r/min。
(7) spun yarn main technologic parameters
Yarn twist factor is designed as 338.5, rings PG14254, wire loop F/06.0,3.0 press bar distance clips, in roller The heart is away from 18 × 22.
(B) spinning technological process of 40/ Modal 6014.8tex stocking yarns of quantum energy terylene is as follows:
(1) quantum energy terylene blowing cotton carding main technologic parameters
Blowing:A076E integrates Beater Speed 750r/min, lap roller speed:10 turns/min, fan speed:880 turns/ Min, cotton roll design wet quantification of 380g/m, design fixed length 31.6m, and blowing rouleau weighs 13.6kg (pricker containing cotton) surely.
Cotton carding:Cylinder-Flat Gauge 8*7*7*7*8, cylinder speed 350r/min, licker-in speed 680r/min, cover board speed Spend 120mm/min, sliver exporting speed 65m/min, quantitative 21.5g/5m, cotton junction number:2/1g, item does cv values:4.5%, regain: 0.4%.
(2) Modal blowing cotton carding main technologic parameters
Blowing:A076E integrates Beater Speed 750r/min, lap roller speed:10 turns/min, fan speed:880 turns/ Min Modals design wet quantification of 380g/m, design fixed length 31.6m, and blowing rouleau weighs 13.6kg (pricker containing cotton) surely.
Cotton carding:Cylinder-Flat Gauge 8*7*7*7*8, cylinder speed 360r/min, licker-in speed 645r/min, shaping speed Spend 80m/min, doffing speed 25r/min, quantitative 25g/5m, cotton junction number:3/1g, item does cv values:6.81%, regain: 10.2%.
(3) quantum energy terylene and Modal pre-drawing main technologic parameters:
4 pre-drawing technological parameter of table
The carded sliver Wet quantitative g/5m Number of doubling Roller is every mm Drafting multiple
Quantum energy terylene 24 8 11×18 8.6
Modal 20 8 11×18 8.17
(4) drafting main technologic parameters:
5 drawing process parameter of table
Process Wet quantitative g/5m Number of doubling Roller is every mm Total draft
Head is simultaneously 23 Pre-+the 4M of 3QT are pre- 11×18 6.78
Two simultaneously 21 6 11×18 6.57
Three simultaneously 21 6 11×18 6
End is simultaneously 19.8 6 11×18 6
(5) rove main technologic parameters
Rove Dry Weight per Unit 4.8g/10m, the twist 3.17,1.35 times of back zone drafting multiple, 8.28 times of total draft times, ingot speed 850r/min。
(6) spun yarn main technologic parameters
Yarn twist factor is designed as 350, rings PG14254, wire loop F/06.0,3.0 press bar distance clips, roller center Away from 18x22.
3) weaving process;Step 3) the weaving process is specific as follows:Circular knitting machine-cropping is inspected by random samples-is selected to weigh lid Mono- fabric transport is stacked;Yarn is 60/ Modal of quantum energy terylene, 20/ elastomer used in high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric 40/ Modal 6014.8tex stocking yarns of 2014.8tex stocking yarns and quantum energy terylene, two kinds of yarns one are entried every one, add 20D Spandex thread selects Italian promise knitting single knitting machine of getting profit to be manufactured experimently and produced.Knitting and weaving process, first according to yarn count With desired door width and grammes per square metre, suitable circular knitting machine model, right latter two yarn is selected to entry in the way of one by one, often Want accurate in the placement position of kind yarn.When being weaved on machine, suitably to reduce warp tension and use compared with the slow-speed of revolution, to reduce The generation of the unexpected elongation and broken end of yarn, ensures being smoothed out for production.Circular knitting machine is before use, want first inspection machine each Whether component has whether defect, cooperation have whether loosening, the accuracy of critical piece control in prescribed limit, syringe and dials On knitting needle whether rounding is concordant, whether machine steady.These projects carry out fabric debugging after carrying out, and are worn according to technological requirement Mixed yarn and spandex thread ensure yarn length in place.
Weave knitting technology:
1 weaving process of table requires table
4) dyeing and final finishing, dyeing and final finishing are specific as follows, blank loose winding-margin to seam-pre-setting-tape edge, at cylinder- Dyeing pre-treatment-dyeing-washing-dehydration-soft finish-sizing-preshrunk-falls machine packaging, and the purpose of preboarding is to eliminate elasticity The residual stress of internal of knitted fabrics avoids occurring folding line in dyeing course, the defects such as item is spent, in addition, further control fabric Breadth and grammes per square metre,
Technology preparation:
Temperature 185℃
Speed 15m/min
Overfeeding + 10%
Breadth (exceeds Fabric width) + 10%
Grammes per square metre (exceeds finished product grammes per square metre) 15g/m2
Refine bleaching-bathing:The refining and oxygen bleaching of elastic fabric can shorten technological process, the purpose of refining is with progress is bathed Except the finish contained in chemical fibre.The special refining agent of elastomer is selected to carry out refining treatment in this technique, to remove elastomer Used silicon class finish when spinning avoids the generation of the dye defect such as specking.And the purpose of oxygen bleaching is in removal weaving cellulose modal Impurity improves fabric whiteness.Technology preparation
H2025.0g/L caustic soda 3.0g/L
Refining agent ZS-98E3.0g/L
Chelated dispersants KH-10122.0g/L
Antifoaming agent 0.3g/L
Bath raio 1: 15;
Pre-setting concrete technology is as follows in the step 4), and hydrogen peroxide, caustic soda, refining agent, dispersion Antifoam Agent, operating is added 5min is rapidly heated to 80 DEG C, keeps the temperature 30min, is cooled to 60 DEG C, over flow rinse 5min, drain;
Dyeing prescription:
Reactive Red 4 BD0.3%
Reactive blue 3RD0.28%
Active black GN3.0%
Anhydrous sodium sulphate 6.5g/L
Soda ash 5g/L
Cotton levelling agent 1g/L
Acetic acid 0.3g/L
Antistatic wetting softener 1.5g/L
Bath raio 1:18;
It is as follows to dye concrete technology:Add cotton levelling agent F-305, the dyestuff of 1/2 mass, operating are added after operating 10min 15min is added 1/2 dyestuff and transports 20min, anhydrous sodium sulphate is added, operate 30min, soda ash is added, operates 25min-, be warming up to 60 DEG C, 60min is kept the temperature, is cooled to 30 DEG C, in pickling and 15min.
Concrete technology of shaping is as follows, dehydration, cuts open width, open width preshrunk loose-drying, and tentering shapes, and cropping is placed, and examines, at Product, the wherein drying temperature of open width preshrunk loose-drying are 110 DEG C, drying time 2min, and the temperature of stentering forming is 175 DEG C, rate 25m/min.
It should be noted that above-described embodiment, protection domain not for the purpose of limiting the invention, in above-mentioned technical proposal On the basis of made equivalents or replacement each fall within the range that the claims in the present invention are protected.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric, which is characterized in that the preparation method comprises the following steps:
1) raw material choice;2) spinning process;3) weaving process;4) dyeing and final finishing.
2. the preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the step 1) Central Plains Material apolegamy is specific as follows, and quantum energy polyester fiber, elastomer, weaving cellulose modal, quantum energy polyester fiber account for 50%, Modal Fiber accounts for 40%, and elastomer accounts for 10%, and this blending rate can ensure that quantum energy terylene accounts for 50% in fabric, maximum limit The function of the performance quantum energy fiber of degree improves the functionality of this knitting fabric.
3. the preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the step 2) spinning Technique is specific as follows:For the hosiery yarns of 60/ Modal of quantum energy polyester fiber, 20/ elastomer 2014.8tex, the amount of taking It is sub can polyester fiber and the mixing of elastomer cotton packet method, then again with quantum energy polyester fiber, each self-contained of weaving cellulose modal The spinning process of item;For the hosiery yarns of 40/ Modal 6014.8tex of quantum energy polyester fiber, take quantum energy terylene fine The respective spinning process in stripes of peacekeeping weaving cellulose modal.
4. the preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the step 3) weaving Technique is specific as follows:Sheet-fabric the transport of inspect by random samples-weighing of circular knitting machine-cropping is selected to stack.
5. the preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the step 4) dyeing And final finishing is specific as follows, blank loose winding-margin to seam-pre-setting-tape edge (at cylinder)-dyes pre-treatment-dyeing-water Wash-be dehydrated-soft finish-sizing-preshrunk-fall machine packaging.
6. the preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric according to claim 5, which is characterized in that pre- in the step 4) Concrete technology of shaping is as follows, and hydrogen peroxide, caustic soda, refining agent, dispersion Antifoam Agent is added, operates 5min, is rapidly heated to 80 DEG C, 30min is kept the temperature, is cooled to 60 DEG C, over flow rinse 5min, drain.
7. the preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric according to claim 6, which is characterized in that dye in the step 4) Color concrete technology is as follows:Cotton levelling agent is added, is added the 1/2 of dyestuff quality after operating 10min, operates 15min, is added remaining 1/2 fuel operates 20min, and anhydrous sodium sulphate is added, and operates 30min, and soda ash is added, and operates 25min, is warming up to 60 DEG C, heat preservation 60min is cooled to 30 DEG C, in pickling and 15min.
8. the preparation method of the high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric described according to claim 6 or 7, which is characterized in that the step 4) Middle sizing concrete technology is as follows, dehydration, cuts open width, open width preshrunk loose-drying, and tentering shapes, and cropping is placed, and examines, finished product, The drying temperature of middle open width preshrunk loose-drying is 110 DEG C, drying time 2min, and the temperature of stentering forming is 175 DEG C, rate For 25m/min.
CN201810617960.0A 2018-06-15 2018-06-15 A kind of preparation method of high-elastic skin softening knitting fabric Withdrawn CN108754819A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110735210A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-01-31 赛青松 Selection and preparation of synthetic blended fabrics
CN110846795A (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-02-28 上海题桥江苏纺织科技有限公司 Health-care high-elasticity knitted fabric and preparation method thereof

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110735210A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-01-31 赛青松 Selection and preparation of synthetic blended fabrics
CN110846795A (en) * 2019-11-07 2020-02-28 上海题桥江苏纺织科技有限公司 Health-care high-elasticity knitted fabric and preparation method thereof

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