CN108751845A - A kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108751845A
CN108751845A CN201810615380.8A CN201810615380A CN108751845A CN 108751845 A CN108751845 A CN 108751845A CN 201810615380 A CN201810615380 A CN 201810615380A CN 108751845 A CN108751845 A CN 108751845A
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parts
powder
plant fiber
activation
tailings powder
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CN201810615380.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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张启贵
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张启贵
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Priority to CN201810615380.8A priority Critical patent/CN108751845A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B28/00Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements
    • C04B28/02Compositions of mortars, concrete or artificial stone, containing inorganic binders or the reaction product of an inorganic and an organic binder, e.g. polycarboxylate cements containing hydraulic cements other than calcium sulfates
    • C04B28/04Portland cements
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00017Aspects relating to the protection of the environment
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00025Aspects relating to the protection of the health, e.g. materials containing special additives to afford skin protection
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/00474Uses not provided for elsewhere in C04B2111/00
    • C04B2111/00482Coating or impregnation materials
    • C04B2111/00508Cement paints
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2111/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone or mixtures to prepare them, characterised by specific function, property or use
    • C04B2111/34Non-shrinking or non-cracking materials
    • C04B2111/343Crack resistant materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B2201/00Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values
    • C04B2201/50Mortars, concrete or artificial stone characterised by specific physical values for the mechanical strength

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials and preparation method thereof, raw material is counted in parts by weight includes:10 ~ 15 parts of 30 ~ 45 parts of plant fiber, 20 ~ 30 parts of diatomite, 15 ~ 20 parts of medical stone, 10 ~ 15 parts of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, 0.5 ~ 1 part of hydroxypropyl starch ether, 8 ~ 10 parts of flyash, 8 ~ 10 parts of talcum powder, 0.2 ~ 0.5 part of nano-titanium dioxide, 15 ~ 25 parts of white cement, 10 ~ 15 parts of quick lime and quartz sand.The shortcomings that decorative material for wall surface of the present invention overcomes existing metope easy to crack, short life, it has very high compression strength and bending strength, light overpressure resistant, but also it is provided with certain plasticity, it is not easy to crack, and the harmful substances such as benzene and releasing negative oxygen ion can be absorbed, purify air.

Description

A kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to technical field of construction and decoration materials, and in particular to a kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials And preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Currently, Chinese Urbanization's are built a step fast such as a step, many skyscrapers and are risen everywhere in town and country, however, with The fast development of China's building and decoration of exterior wall, the continuous increasing for the continuous improvement and environmental consciousness that people require quality of life By force, increasingly higher demands also proposed to novel construction wall finishing material, it is desirable that should have light matter and thin body and durability, resistance to The performance of dirt has stronger cracking resistance, anti-aging property again;There should be reliable waterproof impervious characteristic, wall is made to have Longer whole service life meets environmentally protective, nontoxic and safe falling-prevention requirement again.
At present using the building of coating or real stone paint decoration surface because of durability, resistance to soiling, cracking resistance, the influence etc. to environment Problems cannot be satisfactory.Especially coating ornamental surface and lacquer decorations the heat-insulated of facing, waterproof, self-cleaning property is poor, is easy It is infected with dust and spot, extremely difficult for the cleaning of skyscraper, operation is absolutely unsafe.
Invention content
It is an object of the invention in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, provide a kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials and Preparation method.The shortcomings that decorative material for wall surface of the present invention overcomes existing metope easy to crack, short life has very high Compression strength(8.8~9.2MPa)And bending strength(5.3~5.6MPa), light overpressure resistant, but also it is provided with certain plasticity(It is disconnected It is 0.8 ~ 1.3% to split elongation percentage, and the fracture elongation of traditional metope material is generally 0), it is not easy to it cracks, and can Absorb the harmful substances such as benzene(The adsorption rate of benzene is 15 ~ 18%)And releasing negative oxygen ion, anion burst size are 3.3 × 103~3.6 ×103(A/cm3), purify air.
To achieve the above object, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:
A kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials, raw material is counted in parts by weight includes:30 ~ 45 parts of plant fiber, diatom 20 ~ 30 parts of soil, 15 ~ 20 parts of medical stone, 10 ~ 15 parts of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, 0.5 ~ 1 part of hydroxypropyl starch ether, flyash 8 ~ 10 parts, 8 ~ 10 parts of talcum powder, 0.2 ~ 0.5 part of nano-titanium dioxide, 15 ~ 25 parts of white cement, 10 ~ 15 parts of quick lime and quartz sand 10 ~ 15 parts;The preparation method of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of the activation is:After Pb-Zn tailings powder is ground, grinding aid is added, using high frequency Vibromill processing, 2.5 ~ 5mm of amplitude, vibration frequency 13.5 ~ 15.9 times, 8 ~ 10 min of time of vibration;Pb-Zn tailings after activation The specific surface area of powder is 348.25m2/kg~366.41m2/kg。
Preferably, a kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials, raw material is counted in parts by weight includes:Plant fiber 36 Part, 12 parts of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, 0.8 part of hydroxypropyl starch ether, 9 parts of flyash, slides 25 parts of diatomite, 18 parts of medical stone 12 parts of 8 parts of mountain flour, 0.3 part of nano-titanium dioxide, 20 parts of white cement, 12 parts of quick lime and quartz sand;The lead zinc tail of the activation The preparation method of miberal powder is:After Pb-Zn tailings powder is ground, grinding aid is added, is handled using high-frequency vibration mill, amplitude 3.5mm, Vibration frequency 14.6 times, 10 min of time of vibration;The specific surface area of Pb-Zn tailings powder after activation is 355.68m2/kg。
The preparation method of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials as described above, specifically includes following steps:
(1)After medical stone is crossed 200 mesh sieve after crushing, dry medical stone powder afterwards twice, spare wash with distilled water;
(2)Flyash, quick lime and quartz sand are put into ball milling 20min in ball mill, then throw the mixed material after polishing Enter into blender;
(3)Be added in the blender plant fiber, diatomite, medical stone powder, the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, hydroxypropyl starch ether, Talcum powder, nano-titanium dioxide, white cement and water, stir evenly.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:
1)The Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation is added in the decorative material for wall surface of the present invention, by Oscillation Amplitude, vibration frequency and shaking The control of dynamic time controls the grain size of Pb-Zn tailings powder so that the specific surface area of the Pb-Zn tailings powder after activation is 348.25m2/kg~366.41m2/kg(Preferably 355.68m2/kg);Under the particle diameter fineness, it can make the soluble matter in slurry Matter and Ca (OH)2Contact surface increase, be conducive to SiO in tailing2Diffusion or dissolving, be conducive to tobermorite and easily crystallize, carry High reaction speed, therefore more hydrated products are generated, meanwhile, the connection in interleaved relation with each other of tobermorite crystal forms densification Network-like structure can avoid causing stress concentration so that the resistance to compression of metope under stress better against extraneous load Intensity improves;Simultaneously as the addition of hydroxypropyl starch ether, can attract each other between the long chain of hydroxypropyl starch ether so that The intermolecular mutual entanglement of hydroxypropyl starch ether forms network structure, the materials such as plant fiber mud is wrapped up so that metope Compression strength further increases;
2)Why the decorative material for wall surface of the present invention selects Pb-Zn tailings powder, rather than other kinds of mine tailing, mainly Using the feature of its layer structure, pass through layer structure stripping and hydrolysis product of cement(Such as needle-shaped entringite)To a certain extent Hole in micro filling concrete hydration process;And by internal filling plant fiber, the drawing of metope can greatly be enhanced Stretching property and flexibility, it is not easy to crack;
3)The absorption bacterium that medical stone can play the role of arriving is added very much in the decorative material for wall surface of the present invention, because thalline has There is numerous-N+And multiple combination occurs for multiple-SiO on medical stone surface, it is suppressed that the activity of bacterium, so show energy The effect of bacterium in adsorbent solution;The feldspathoid of medical stone in addition becomes poling Porous shape due to weathering and corrosion State, compared with general feldspar ,-SiO atomic groups increase, the absorption this also enhances medical stone to bacterium;And the present invention exists While medical stone is added, it is also added into plant fiber, diatomite, there is superpower adsorption capacity, is opened ten hundreds of small Hole absorbs, decomposes, eliminates harmful substance and releasing negative oxygen ion, achievees the effect that purify air.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with specific embodiment, the present invention will be further described, but the present invention is not limited only to these embodiments.
Embodiment 1
A kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials, raw material is counted in parts by weight includes:30 parts of plant fiber, diatomite 20 Part, 10 parts of the Pb-Zn tailings powder activated, 0.5 part of hydroxypropyl starch ether, 8 parts of flyash, 10 parts of talcum powder, is received 15 parts of medical stone 10 parts of 0.2 part of titanium dioxide of rice, 15 parts of white cement, 10 parts of quick lime and quartz sand;The preparation of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of the activation Method is:After Pb-Zn tailings powder is ground, grinding aid is added, is handled using high-frequency vibration mill, amplitude 2.5mm, vibration frequency 13.5 times, time of vibration 8min;The specific surface area of Pb-Zn tailings powder after activation is 348.25m2/kg。
Embodiment 2
A kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials, raw material is counted in parts by weight includes:45 parts of plant fiber, diatomite 30 Part, 20 parts of medical stone, 15 parts of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, 1 part of hydroxypropyl starch ether, 10 parts of flyash, talcum powder 9 part, nanometer 15 parts of 0.5 part of titanium dioxide, 25 parts of white cement, 15 parts of quick lime and quartz sand;The preparation side of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of the activation Method is:After Pb-Zn tailings powder is ground, grinding aid is added, is handled using high-frequency vibration mill, amplitude 5mm, vibration frequency 15.9 times, Time of vibration 10min;The specific surface area of Pb-Zn tailings powder after activation is 366.41m2/kg。
Embodiment 3
A kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials, raw material is counted in parts by weight includes:36 parts of plant fiber, diatomite 25 Part, 18 parts of medical stone, 12 parts of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, 0.8 part of hydroxypropyl starch ether, 9 parts of flyash, talcum powder 8 part, nanometer 12 parts of 0.3 part of titanium dioxide, 20 parts of white cement, 12 parts of quick lime and quartz sand;The preparation side of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of the activation Method is:After Pb-Zn tailings powder is ground, grinding aid is added, is handled using high-frequency vibration mill, amplitude 3.5mm, vibration frequency 14.6 It is secondary, 10 min of time of vibration;The specific surface area of Pb-Zn tailings powder after activation is 355.68m2/kg。
The preparation method of above-mentioned plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials, specifically includes following steps:
(1)After medical stone is crossed 200 mesh sieve after crushing, dry medical stone powder afterwards twice, spare wash with distilled water;
(2)Flyash, quick lime and quartz sand are put into ball milling 20min in ball mill, then throw the mixed material after polishing Enter into blender;
(3)Be added in the blender plant fiber, diatomite, medical stone powder, the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, hydroxypropyl starch ether, Talcum powder, nano-titanium dioxide, white cement and water, stir evenly.
Performance test
The performance test results of 1 decorative material for wall surface of the present invention of table
The foregoing is merely presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, all equivalent changes done according to scope of the present invention patent with repair Decorations should all belong to the covering scope of the present invention.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials, it is characterised in that:Raw material is counted in parts by weight:Plant fiber 30 ~ 45 parts, 20 ~ 30 parts of diatomite, 15 ~ 20 parts of medical stone, activation 10 ~ 15 parts of Pb-Zn tailings powder, hydroxypropyl starch ether 0.5 ~ 1 Part, 8 ~ 10 parts of flyash, 8 ~ 10 parts of talcum powder, 0.2 ~ 0.5 part of nano-titanium dioxide, 15 ~ 25 parts of white cement, quick lime 10 ~ 15 10 ~ 15 parts of part and quartz sand;The preparation method of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of the activation is:After Pb-Zn tailings powder is ground, addition helps Grinding agent is handled using high-frequency vibration mill, 2.5 ~ 5mm of amplitude, vibration frequency 13.5 ~ 15.9 times, 8 ~ 10 min of time of vibration;Activation The specific surface area of Pb-Zn tailings powder afterwards is 348.25m2/kg~366.41m2/kg。
2. a kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Raw material is by weight Measuring number meter includes:36 parts of plant fiber, 25 parts of diatomite, 18 parts of medical stone, 12 parts of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, hydroxypropyl form sediment 0.8 part of powder ether, 9 parts of flyash, 8 parts of talcum powder, 0.3 part of nano-titanium dioxide, 20 parts of white cement, 12 parts of quick lime and quartz sand 12 parts;The preparation method of the Pb-Zn tailings powder of the activation is:After Pb-Zn tailings powder is ground, grinding aid is added, using high frequency Vibromill processing, amplitude 3.5mm, vibration frequency 14.6 times, 10 min of time of vibration;The specific surface of Pb-Zn tailings powder after activation Product is 355.68m2/kg。
3. a kind of method preparing plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials as claimed in claim 1 or 2, feature exist In:Specifically include following steps:
(1)After medical stone is crossed 200 mesh sieve after crushing, dry medical stone powder afterwards twice, spare wash with distilled water;
(2)Flyash, quick lime and quartz sand are put into ball milling 20min in ball mill, then throw the mixed material after polishing Enter into blender;
(3)Be added in the blender plant fiber, diatomite, medical stone powder, the Pb-Zn tailings powder of activation, hydroxypropyl starch ether, Talcum powder, nano-titanium dioxide, white cement and water, stir evenly.
CN201810615380.8A 2018-06-14 2018-06-14 A kind of plant fiber mud environment protection interior wall ornament materials and preparation method thereof Pending CN108751845A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112679176A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-20 常州雅彩装饰材料有限公司 Novel plant fiber mud and preparation method thereof
CN114163849A (en) * 2021-12-08 2022-03-11 上海净颖环保科技股份有限公司 Environment-friendly composite coating for buildings and preparation method thereof

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103342510A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-10-09 江苏华东尾矿治理工程有限公司 Method for preparing aerated concrete by utilizing lead zinc tailings
CN106242458A (en) * 2015-06-10 2016-12-21 安徽科瑞克保温材料有限公司 A kind of interior decoration mud

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103342510A (en) * 2013-07-02 2013-10-09 江苏华东尾矿治理工程有限公司 Method for preparing aerated concrete by utilizing lead zinc tailings
CN106242458A (en) * 2015-06-10 2016-12-21 安徽科瑞克保温材料有限公司 A kind of interior decoration mud

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112679176A (en) * 2020-12-29 2021-04-20 常州雅彩装饰材料有限公司 Novel plant fiber mud and preparation method thereof
CN114163849A (en) * 2021-12-08 2022-03-11 上海净颖环保科技股份有限公司 Environment-friendly composite coating for buildings and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20181106

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