CN108750579A - A kind of conveying device - Google Patents

A kind of conveying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108750579A
CN108750579A CN201810679153.1A CN201810679153A CN108750579A CN 108750579 A CN108750579 A CN 108750579A CN 201810679153 A CN201810679153 A CN 201810679153A CN 108750579 A CN108750579 A CN 108750579A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
ball
conveying
panel
supporing shell
driving motor
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201810679153.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
蒋俊峰
袁栋梁
王佳
聂顺
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
China Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by China Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd filed Critical China Shenzhen Intelligent Manufacturing Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201810679153.1A priority Critical patent/CN108750579A/en
Publication of CN108750579A publication Critical patent/CN108750579A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G37/00Combinations of mechanical conveyors of the same kind, or of different kinds, of interest apart from their application in particular machines or use in particular manufacturing processes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G43/00Control devices, e.g. for safety, warning or fault-correcting
    • B65G43/08Control devices operated by article or material being fed, conveyed or discharged
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G47/00Article or material-handling devices associated with conveyors; Methods employing such devices
    • B65G47/52Devices for transferring articles or materials between conveyors i.e. discharging or feeding devices
    • B65G47/64Switching conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G2203/00Indexing code relating to control or detection of the articles or the load carriers during conveying
    • B65G2203/04Detection means
    • B65G2203/042Sensors

Abstract

The present invention discloses a kind of conveying device, which is spliced and combined by multiple transmission units, which includes:Panel;Supporing shell is set at the lower section of panel, is formed with the accommodating space of segment shape, and the square groove of several perforations is uniformly provided with around supporing shell;Ball sleeve is fixed on the accommodating space opening of supporing shell;Driven ball, is contained in the accommodating space of supporing shell, and is in contact with the ball of ball sleeve, and the upper surface of panel is protruded from the top of driven ball;At least three ball wheels are distributed in around supporing shell at the lower part of supporing shell, and each ball wheel passes through corresponding square groove, and ball thereon is made to be contacted with driven ball;At least three driving motors, the work of one ball wheel of each driving motor respective drive;One controller connects respectively with driving motor to export control signal control corresponding driving motor work respectively.Conveying device provided by the invention can realize the multi-direction transmission of article in conveying device.

Description

A kind of conveying device
Technical field
The present invention relates to conveying device technical field more particularly to a kind of conveying devices.
Background technology
Conveying device is commonly used in various business and manufacturing industry application, to be conveyed between different disposal website and position Article.Conveying device generally includes belt-type conveying device, roller conveying apparatus, net belt conveying apparatus and chain conveyor, For doing the transmission and transport of article, it is mainly used in the material transportation in factory, warehouse etc..
Conveying device is using one-way transmission unit at present, such as:Belt, chain, idler wheel are also employed as assisting The multi-directional ball of the energy universal rotational without driving of effect, but with the arrival of intellectualization times, the especially logistics of a large amount of materials The Material Sorting requirement in warehouse is higher and higher, and the single driving wheel of the existing direction of motion and rotation direction and velocity of rotation are not Restricted multi-directional ball cannot all meet the requirement of the multi-direction transmission of article.
Invention content
It, can be real made of proposing that one kind is spliced and combined by multiple transmission units The conveying device of the multi-direction transmission of existing article.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of conveying device, the biography conveying device are spliced and combined by multiple transmission units, and the transmission unit includes Have:
One panel;
One supporing shell is set at the lower section of the panel, is formed with the accommodating space of segment shape, around the branch Support shell is uniformly provided with the square groove of several perforations;
One ball sleeve is fixed on the accommodating space opening of the supporing shell;
One driven ball, is contained in the accommodating space of the supporing shell, and is in contact with the ball of the ball sleeve, institute State the upper surface that the panel is protruded from the top of driven ball;
At least three ball wheels are uniformly distributed at the lower part of the supporing shell, each rolling around the supporing shell Pearl is taken turns across corresponding square groove, and ball thereon is made to be contacted with the driven ball;
At least three driving motors, the work of one ball wheel of each driving motor respective drive;
One controller connects respectively with the driving motor to export the corresponding driving motor work of control signal control respectively Make.
Wherein, the supporing shell, which is located at the bottom of the accommodating space, is provided with a support ball, the back-up roller Pearl contacts with the driven ball.
Wherein, each driving motor by one speed reducer by with corresponding ball wheel connect.
Wherein, the number of the ball wheel is three.
Wherein, the driving motor is stepper motor or servo motor.
Wherein, a sensor for whether there is article in detection panel, the controller are provided at the panel The detection signal of the sensor is obtained to control the work of the driving motor.
Wherein, the transmission unit further includes having a support baseboard and several be fixed on the support baseboard to be used for Support the support column of the panel.
Wherein, the panel is regular polygon, and one and the face have been downwardly extending from each edge of the panel The vertical side plate of plate.
Wherein, the panel is equilateral triangle, square or regular hexagon.
Wherein, if panel is regular hexagon, the edge of the conveying device is additionally provided with the supplement of fill surface plate interspaces Plate.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are:Conveying device provided by the invention is by multiple transmission units It splices and combines, the rotation direction and speed of driven ball is controlled by controlling the movement velocity of three ball wheels on transmission unit Degree, to realize the multi-direction transmission of article in conveying device to meet the needs of users.
Description of the drawings
To describe the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention more clearly, institute in being described below to the embodiment of the present invention Attached drawing to be used is needed to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only some implementations of the present invention Example without creative efforts, can also be implemented for those of ordinary skill in the art according to the present invention The content of example and these attached drawings obtain other attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of conveying equipment.
Fig. 2 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of transmission unit.
Fig. 3 is the exploded view of the transmission unit in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of supporing shell.
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of another transmission unit.
Fig. 6 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of conveying device.
Wherein:10- articles;20- conveying devices;21- transmission units;210- panels;2100- circular holes;2101- side plates; 211- supporing shells;2110- supports ball;2111- square grooves;212- ball sleeves;The driven balls of 213-;214- ball wheels;215- drives Dynamic motor;216- support baseboards;217- support columns;22- supplements plate;30- conveyer belts.
Specific implementation mode
For make present invention solves the technical problem that, the technical solution that uses and the technique effect that reaches it is clearer, below The technical solution of the embodiment of the present invention will be described in further detail in conjunction with attached drawing, it is clear that described embodiment is only It is a part of the embodiment of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those skilled in the art exist The every other embodiment obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
In the description of the embodiment of the present invention, term "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "front", "rear", "inner", "outside", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "top", "bottom", "horizontal", "vertical" is to be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, Be merely for convenience of the description present invention, rather than only or imply signified device or element must have a particular orientation, with Specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore be not considered as limiting the invention.
Referring to FIG. 1, it shows that a kind of conveying equipment for conveying article 10, the conveying equipment include conveying dress Set 20 and multiple conveyer belts 30 for being divided into 20 periphery of conveying device, wherein the conveying device 20 is by multiple transmission units 21 It splices and combines, article is sent into from a certain conveyer belt 30, and destination carousel 30 is sent to through conveying device 20.
In conjunction with shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, in some embodiments, which includes a panel 210, a supporting shell Body 211, a ball sleeve 212, a driven ball 213, at least three ball wheels 214, at least three driving motors 215 and a controller;Its In, supporing shell 211 is set at the lower section of panel 210, is formed with the accommodating space of segment shape, around the supporing shell 211 are uniformly provided with the square groove 2111 of several perforations, and ball sleeve 212 is fixed on the accommodating space opening of supporing shell 211, from Dynamic ball 213 is contained in the accommodating space of supporing shell 211, and is in contact with the ball of ball sleeve 212, the top of driven ball 213 Portion protrudes from the upper surface of panel 210, and all ball wheels 214 are uniformly distributed in supporing shell 211 around supporing shell 211 At lower part, each ball wheel 214 passes through corresponding square groove 2111, and ball thereon is made to be contacted with the driven ball 213, each 215 respective drive of driving motor, one ball wheel 215 works, and controller is connect with each driving motor 215 to export respectively respectively It controls signal and controls the corresponding work of driving motor 215.
When work, the velocity of rotation of each ball wheel 214 is controlled respectively by controller, by three different velocities of rotation, A unidirectional constant speed is synthesized, to make driven ball 213 obtain a unidirectional constant speed, due to all 214 rings of ball wheel It is uniformly distributed at the lower part of supporing shell 211 around supporing shell 211, by changing ball wheel 214 on transmission unit 21 The change of driven ball 213 velocity of rotation and direction may be implemented in velocity of rotation, to realize the object transmission speed on panel 210 With the change in direction, in this way, conveying device 20 made of being spliced and combined by multiple transmission units 21 can carry out article 10 in many ways To conveying.Therefore driving motor 215 can be controlled respectively by controller drives the velocity of rotation of driven ball 213 to be located to control The multi-direction transmission of article in conveying device 20, can be realized without moving conveyor 20 to the arbitrary of the multi-point of article Transmission.Again because single transmission unit is to work independently, the multi-thread transmission of article, pole can be realized by controlling transmission unit 21 The big sorting efficiency for improving article can replace the sorting station function of mechanical arm.
Wherein, microcontroller or PLC (Programmable Logic Controller, programmable logic can be used in controller Controller) structure, give each driving motor 215 to export a pulse signal to control the rotation of driving motor 215 respectively, thus point The velocity of rotation of each ball wheel 214 is not controlled.
Wherein, as shown in figure 3, ball sleeve 212 includes:One interior diameter is less than the snare of 213 diameter of driven ball and is evenly distributed with In the ball of snare inner wall, the ball of snare inner wall is in contact with driven ball 213.It is equipped with ball at the surface of ball wheel 214, Ball on ball wheel 214 is in contact with driven ball 213, to drive the 213 multi-direction rotation of driven ball.
Wherein, as shown in figure 4, the bottom of supporing shell 211, which is located at the bottom of the accommodating space, is provided with a support Ball 2110, support ball 2110 is contacted with driven ball 213, to reduce the friction between driven ball 213 and supporing shell 211 Power is conducive to the multi-direction rotation of driven ball 213.
The shape for the conveying device being spliced by transmission unit provided in this embodiment can be most effectively and rationally using having Space is limited, and due to being composed using Modularized splice, when single transmission unit breaks down, changing transmission route is Can, it is not necessarily to shutdown maintenance, does not influence integral item transmission, and the embodiment of the present invention can realize the multi-thread transmission of article, greatly The sorting efficiency of article is improved, the sorting station function of mechanical arm can be replaced.
In Fig. 1 to embodiment shown in Fig. 3, use three ball wheels 214 to realize the multi-direction transmission of article, accordingly The quantity of driving motor 215 be three, three ball wheels 214 are uniformly distributed in supporing shell 211 around supporing shell 211 Lower part at, such constructor closes mechanics principle, can go that driven ball 213 is driven to drive article multi-direction with minimum driving force Rotation, and material is also saved in such combination the most.In other examples, four, five or six balls can also be used Wheel 214, to realize the multi-direction transmission of article.
In some embodiments, driving motor 215 is stepper motor or servo motor, for driving ball wheel 214 to rotate.
In some embodiments, each driving motor 215 by one speed reducer by with corresponding ball wheel 214 connect.Subtract Fast machine is mounted on driving motor 215, for reducing the rotating speed of driving motor 215, acts on driving motor 215 and ball wheel Play a part of to match rotating speed between 214, transmit torque and matching inertia.
In some embodiments, as shown in figure 3, the middle part of panel 210 offers a circular hole 2100, the top of driven ball 213 The upper surface with panel 210 is protruded across the circular hole 2100 in portion.
In some embodiments, a sensing for whether there is article in detection panel 210 is provided at panel 210 Device, the sensor are electrically connected with controller, and controller obtains the detection signal of sensor to control the work of driving motor 215 Make.Sensor is electrically connected with controller, whether there is article on transmission unit 21 for detecting, controller obtains sensor Signal is detected, transmission speed and direction of the article in conveying device 20 are controlled in conjunction with the detection signal of acquisition, for example, when inspection It surveys signal and shows that there are articles, then control transmission unit 21 and keep rotation;If being informed in institute in preset time according to detection signal Have and article is all not present on transmission unit 21, shows that article has transmitted and finish, then control transmission unit 21 and stop operating, play section It can effect.As a preferred embodiment, sensor is infrared sensor.
In some embodiments, as shown in Figure 1 to Figure 3, there is a support baseboard 216 and solid if transmission unit 21 further includes The support column 217 for being used to support panel 210 on support baseboard 216, can using support baseboard 216 and support column 217 To obtain a structurally stable transmission unit 21.As a preferred embodiment, controller is set on support baseboard 216.
In some embodiments, panel 210 is regular polygon, is downwardly extending from each edge of the panel 210 There is a side plate 2101 vertical with the panel 210.Refering to fig. 1 to shown in Fig. 3, in some preferred embodiments, the panel 210 For regular hexagon, it is downwardly extending a side plate 2101 vertical with the panel 210 from each edge of the panel 210, it will Panel 210 is designed as regular hexagon structure, and by the setting of side plate 2101 so that the splicing between each transmission unit 21 is more To be close, and convenient for the positioning of transmission unit 21.It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that ground also may be used in other examples The design of panel 210 is square other regular polygon structures such as (as shown in Figure 5 and Figure 6), equilateral triangle.
As shown in Figure 1, as a preferred embodiment, if panel 210 is regular hexagon, the edge of conveying device 20 is also It is provided with the supplement plate 22 in 210 gaps of filling panel, so that the edge of conveying device 20 is a straight line, is conducive to prevent article It is fallen in the edge of conveying device 20.
In some embodiments, as shown in figures 1 to 6, conveying device 20 is spliced for one by several transmission units 21 Rectangular configuration, the number of conveyer belt 30 is 4, and each conveyer belt 30 is respectively arranged at the periphery of rectangle conveying device 20.When So, conveying device 20 can also be spliced into the shape of needs according to actual needs, and the number of conveyer belt 30 is also according to actual needs Setting, the shape to conveying device 20 and the number of conveyer belt 30 are not limited here.
Conveying device made of the transmission unit for implementing to provide by the present invention splices and combines, by controlling at least three respectively The velocity of rotation of ball wheel controls velocity of rotation and the direction of driven ball, to which control is located at the transmission of article on transmission unit Direction and speed, to realize the multi-direction transmission of article to meet the needs of users;Each transmission unit works independently, and passes through Control transmission unit can realize the multi-thread transmission of article, can be realized to the arbitrary of the multi-point of article without moving conveyor Transmission, is greatly improved the sorting efficiency of article, can replace the sorting station function of mechanical arm;Spliced using modularization assembling, energy It is most effective reasonably to utilize the confined space, when single transmission unit breaks down, integral item conveying is not influenced, replaces transmission Route;And be repaired or replaced for the transmission unit of failure when breaking down, be conducive to it is cost-effective, and And it is easy to operate.
The technical principle of the present invention is described above in association with specific embodiment.These descriptions are intended merely to explain the present invention's Principle, and it cannot be construed to limiting the scope of the invention in any way.Based on the explanation herein, the technology of this field Personnel would not require any inventive effort the other specific implementation modes that can associate the present invention, these modes are fallen within Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of conveying device, which is characterized in that the conveying device is spliced and combined by multiple transmission units, the transmission Unit includes:
One panel;
One supporing shell is set at the lower section of the panel, is formed with the accommodating space of segment shape, around the supporting shell Body is uniformly provided with the square groove of several perforations;
One ball sleeve is fixed on the accommodating space opening of the supporing shell;
One driven ball, is contained in the accommodating space of the supporing shell, and is in contact with the ball of the ball sleeve, it is described from The upper surface of the panel is protruded from the top of dynamic ball;
At least three ball wheels are uniformly distributed at the lower part of the supporing shell, each ball wheel around the supporing shell Across corresponding square groove, and ball thereon is made to be contacted with the driven ball;
At least three driving motors, the work of one ball wheel of each driving motor respective drive;
One controller connects respectively with the driving motor to export control signal control corresponding driving motor work respectively.
2. conveying device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the supporing shell is located at the bottom of the accommodating space A support ball is provided at portion, the support ball is contacted with the driven ball.
3. conveying device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that each driving motor by a speed reducer with it is corresponding Ball wheel connection.
4. conveying device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the number of the ball wheel is three.
5. conveying device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving motor is stepper motor or servo electricity Machine.
6. conveying device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be provided with one at the panel for detection panel With the presence or absence of the sensor of article, the controller obtains the detection signal of the sensor to control the work of the driving motor Make.
7. conveying device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the transmission unit further include have a support baseboard and Several support columns for being used to support the panel being fixed on the support baseboard.
8. conveying device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the panel is regular polygon, from the panel Each edge is downwardly extending a side plate vertical with the panel.
9. conveying device according to claim 8, which is characterized in that the panel is equilateral triangle, square or positive six Side shape.
10. conveying device according to claim 9, which is characterized in that if panel is regular hexagon, the conveying device Edge is additionally provided with the supplement plate of fill surface plate interspaces.
CN201810679153.1A 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of conveying device Pending CN108750579A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810679153.1A CN108750579A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of conveying device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201810679153.1A CN108750579A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of conveying device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN108750579A true CN108750579A (en) 2018-11-06

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ID=63977843

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201810679153.1A Pending CN108750579A (en) 2018-06-27 2018-06-27 A kind of conveying device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN108750579A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109823785A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-05-31 河南大学 A kind of multi-functional conveying device of bobbin type and its control method
CN109969740A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-05 西南科技大学 A kind of restructural intelligent transportation band control method and control system
CN110077780A (en) * 2019-04-27 2019-08-02 钱永福 A kind of universal rolling mechanism of two-wheel drive
CN111573126A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-08-25 盐城工学院 Modular intelligent logistics system material distribution path planning method based on omnidirectional wheel

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109823785A (en) * 2019-01-28 2019-05-31 河南大学 A kind of multi-functional conveying device of bobbin type and its control method
CN109823785B (en) * 2019-01-28 2021-05-04 河南大学 Rolling ball type multifunctional conveying device and control method thereof
CN110077780A (en) * 2019-04-27 2019-08-02 钱永福 A kind of universal rolling mechanism of two-wheel drive
CN109969740A (en) * 2019-04-30 2019-07-05 西南科技大学 A kind of restructural intelligent transportation band control method and control system
CN111573126A (en) * 2020-05-11 2020-08-25 盐城工学院 Modular intelligent logistics system material distribution path planning method based on omnidirectional wheel

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