CN108739956A - Ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment - Google Patents

Ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108739956A
CN108739956A CN201810403106.4A CN201810403106A CN108739956A CN 108739956 A CN108739956 A CN 108739956A CN 201810403106 A CN201810403106 A CN 201810403106A CN 108739956 A CN108739956 A CN 108739956A
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China
Prior art keywords
sea cucumber
cleaning
cleaning case
ultrasonic wave
process equipment
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CN201810403106.4A
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CN108739956B (en
Inventor
张�杰
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ZHOUSHAN FUSHENG FOOD TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Panan Hai Pu Food Technology Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A22BUTCHERING; MEAT TREATMENT; PROCESSING POULTRY OR FISH
    • A22CPROCESSING MEAT, POULTRY, OR FISH
    • A22C25/00Processing fish ; Curing of fish; Stunning of fish by electric current; Investigating fish by optical means
    • A22C25/02Washing or descaling fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipments, belong to cleaning sea cucumber equipment technical field, equipment includes cleaning case, cleaning case bottom is connected with return tank, cleaning case is internally connected with conveyer belt, cleaning chamber interior wall is connected with supersonic generator, it is connected at the top of cleaning case and adds salt device, salt device side is added to be equipped with controller, controller side is equipped with sparge pipe, conveyer belt both sides are connected with guardrail, demarcation strip is equidistantly connected between guardrail, at least two elastic strings are connected between demarcation strip, the cleaning equipment high degree of automation of the present invention, green energy conservation, cleaning efficiency is high, cleaning performance is good, sea cucumber is injured small, sea cucumber quality can be improved.

Description

Ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to cleaning sea cucumber equipment technical fields, and in particular to a kind of ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment.
Background technology
Sea cucumber belongs to Holothuroidea(Holothuroidea), it is the ocean echinoderm to 8000 meters by the sea that lives, away from the present Has more than 600,000,000 years history, sea cucumber is food with seabed algae and planktonic organism.Sea cucumber whole body covers with corn, is widely distributed in the world In each ocean.South China Sea bank type is more, and there are about more than 20 kind sea cucumbers can be edible.
The same ginseng of sea cucumber, bird's nest, shark's fin are eponymous, are one of eight big treasures of the world.Sea cucumber is not only precious food, and Rare medicinal material.According to《A Supplement to the Compendium of Materia Medica》Described in:Sea cucumber, sweet-salty, kidney tonifying, benefiting quintessence take the photograph urine, and impotence is treated in establishing-Yang, Warm-natured benefit, sufficient enemy's ginseng, therefore named sea cucumber.Sea cucumber, which has, improves memory, delays sexual gland aging, prevents artery sclerosis and resists swollen The effects that tumor.As sea cucumber is worth the universal of knowledge, sea cucumber progresses into common people's dining table.Living environment determines sea cucumber quality.
Since sea cucumber usually lives on seabed hermatolith and sandstone under natural environment, therefore the fresh and alive sea cucumbers just caught often table It is wrapped up in skin fold wrinkle and carries a large amount of silt and ocean attachment impurity, and mucus is secreted from body surface after water, if cannot clean in time, It often goes dirty and boiling processing to bring inconvenience to subsequent, or even the phenomenon that secondary pollution finished product occurs.And its typical spine Skin animal physiological structure feature so that traditional aquatic products cleaning way is difficult to meet its cleaning requirement with equipment.And artifical flume Rinse method is then labor intensity height, inefficiency.Therefore it is badly in need of a kind of effective cleaning device for sea cucumber.
Invention content
The purpose of the present invention is to provide a kind of high degree of automation, green energy conservation, cleaning efficiency is high, and cleaning performance is good, It is small to sea cucumber injury, the ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment of sea cucumber quality can be improved.
The technical solution that the present invention is taken to achieve the above object is:Ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment, including it is clear Tank-washer, cleaning case bottom are connected with return tank, and cleaning case is internally connected with conveyer belt, and cleaning chamber interior wall is connected with ultrasonic wave Device, cleaning case top is connected with plus salt device, and salt device side is added to be equipped with controller, and controller side is equipped with sparge pipe, conveyer belt two Side is connected with guardrail, and demarcation strip is equidistantly connected between guardrail, and at least two elastic strings are connected between demarcation strip.Cleaning case is used It is cleaned in sea cucumber, return tank can be back to after purification inside cleaning case by the water body inside cleaning case into purification, be improved Water body utilization rate inside cleaning case, reduces water body waste, green energy conservation, by conveyer belt by sea cucumber transport to inside cleaning case into Row cleaning, under the auxiliary of supersonic generator, can comprehensively and effectively clean sea cucumber, and pressurizer is in cleaning case Salt is added in water body, promotes the sea cucumber for drinking brine that the silt in body is discharged, to improve the inside and outside cleaning performance of sea cucumber, passes It send the guardrail with both sides that can prevent sea cucumber from being fallen from transmission belt surface, improves device functional reliability, demarcation strip can be by conveyer belt Surface is divided into multiple isolated areas, avoids the influence cleaning that contacts with each other between sea cucumber, order when cleaning, bullet also can be improved Property rope limits sea cucumber, and can slightly raise sea cucumber, may not only facilitate the cleaning to sea cucumber bottom, may additionally facilitate cleaning The sundries fallen is advantageously implemented continuous cleaning sea cucumber from transmission belt surface discharge.
Preferably, demarcation strip bottom is equipped with semicircle open-work, the separation plate surface of open-work upper end is connected with for fixing The junction button of elastic string, junction button are 3 ~ 6cm with demarcation strip distance from bottom h1.The sundries that open-work can will be washed down from sea cucumber Discharge avoids demarcation strip impurities at bottom from accumulating and generate bacterium, and junction button improves elastic string connection reliability, preferably, bullet Property rope in state is naturally drooped, the minimum point of elastic string and the difference in height h2 of tie point are 1 ~ 3cm, and elastic string, which wears to connect, is fixed with sea Silk tops, sea cucumber follow conveyer belt to move on elastic string surface, and the vibration that conveyer belt movement generates makes sea cucumber on elastic string surface It realizes up-down vibration, be conducive to increase sea cucumber and clean the contact area of water body, cleaning performance is improved, in naturally drooping state Elastic string is more preferable to the support effect of sea cucumber, and can avoid the phenomenon for occurring keeping sea cucumber bullet winged because elastic force is excessive, in ultrasonic wave Under the action of, water body constantly generates fluctuation, and sponge ball of the sea cucumber on elastic string surface run_out Yu elastic string surface, which constantly generates, to be squeezed Pressure and friction promote the various chemical bonds cut-out for forming stereochemical structure in sea cucumber body or re-form, destroy original protein Stereochemical structure, corresponding denaturation occurs for protein, and not only so that sea cucumber in-vivo tissue tight ness rating increases, hole reduces, and improves The tenderness and elasticity of sea cucumber, may also be advantageous for hydrone and infiltrate through in protein, form stable tetrahedron hydrogen bond structure, improve The water retention property of sea cucumber body so that the sea cucumber cleaned by this equipment can significantly improve overall quality, increase the economy of sea cucumber Value, junction button is suitable at a distance from demarcation strip bottom, both can guarantee that sea cucumber has preferable elasticity on elastic string surface, may be used also To sea cucumber bottom, there are enough blowdown spaces, improve cleaning sea cucumber effect, and the difference in height of elastic string the highest point and the lowest point is suitable Preferably, it is ensured that sea cucumber obtains best elasticity fallen from elastic string surface for a moment in the case of.
Preferably, return tank side wall is connected with gas generator, gas generator is connected with gas-guide tube, and gas-guide tube extends Bottom in cleaning case, it is 1 to be located at the length of the gas-guide tube inside cleaning case and cleaning case length ratio:1.3 ~ 1.7, gas occurs Device is constantly to gas is passed through inside ejected wash water body during cleaning sea cucumber, and gas is gradually increasing from cleaning case bottom, and gas exists The liquid inside cleaning case is caused to flow under the collective effect of supersonic generator so that cleaning case internal water body forms flow velocity not Same fluid layer increases the internal friction between fluid layer, the impurity quilt on sea cucumber its surface in the water body with higher frictional force It fully cleans and falls off, and gas makes bubble increase rapidly under the high-frequency oscillation signal that supersonic generator is sent out, and then dashes forward It is so closed, shock wave is generated when bubble is closed, destroying the insoluble impurities on sea cucumber surface makes impurity be scattered in cleaning solution, from And reach high-efficiency washing, and cleaning performance is good, length of the gas-guide tube inside cleaning case can make sea cucumber water body inside cleaning case The long waste of resource of air guide length of tube can be also can avoid by bubbling -cleaning when middle, the cleaning of ultrasonic wave is coordinated using bubble Not only cleaning performance is good for mode, but also small to the injury of sea cucumber ontology, is conducive to the processing and preservation in later stage;Preferably, Gas-guide tube upper surface is connected with outgassing column, and " people " font head cover is connected at the top of outgassing column, and outgassing column surface is evenly equipped with venthole, Venthole is evenly distributed with by the way of outlet using outgassing column surface, outlet hole number can be increased in same position, increases same position Gas output, improve cleaning performance, what " people " automatic head cover of outgassing column surface connection can effectively prevent falling after cleaning sea cucumber The impurity such as silt are fallen blocks venthole in outlet hole surface, improves the reliability of device, and " people " font head cover leads bubble Good fluidity can avoid the case where bubble appearance is obstructed and can not be risen.
Preferably, conveyer belt, by motor drive, the upper end for transmitting end of tape is equipped with the air blast being connect with cleaning case Machine, air blower side are equipped with infrared counting device, and sea cucumber removing table after transmitting end of tape and can be cleaning is arranged in air blower Face moisture is not only conducive to post-production, also can avoid the evaporation of sea cucumber surface moisture and reduces sea cucumber internal moisture content so that is clear Sea cucumber after washing has preferable quality infrared counting device for being counted to the sea cucumber of cleaning, convenient for cleaning check and accept with Statistics.
Preferably, the corresponding reflux box outer wall in coarse filter is connected with return pipe, return pipe is connected in by conduit The bottom outlet pipe of cleaning case bottom and the upper layer outlet pipe for being set to cleaning case upper end, cleaning case inside water height are in upper Layer water outlet pipe part floats on water surface, the mud on sea cucumber surface during cleaning sea cucumber after the mucus cleaning on sea cucumber surface Sand falls to water bottom, can be to the bottom water body and surface water body inside cleaning case by bottom outlet pipe and upper layer outlet pipe It is absorbed and is discharged into return pipe, be conducive to remove the impurity in cleaning water body comprehensively;Preferably, being connected in return tank Back water pump, back water pump one end are connect with cleaning case, and the back water pump other end is connected with filter, and filter water inlet end is connected with coarse filtration Pond, coarse filter are internally connected with strainer, and the water body in drainpipe is filtered by coarse filter, the strainer of closer filter Aperture is smaller, realizes progressive coarse filtration, and the water body after coarse filtration is filtered to obtain clean water body, clean water body by filter It is discharged into inside cleaning case again by back water pump, aforesaid operations are realized carries out real time filtering to the water body inside cleaning case, to protect Preferable water quality is remained inside card cleaning case, improves cleaning sea cucumber effect, and can reduce water body use, it is energy saving.
Preferably, plus salt device salinity survey meter is connected with by conducting wire, the end of probe of salinity survey meter is immersed in cleaning In the water body of case, water body salt content inside cleaning case is detected by salinity survey meter, is fed back to after adding salt device so that cleaning case Internal water body is in the preferable state of salinity always, and sea cucumber can promote the discharge of silt in sea cucumber body after entering brine, realize The inside and outside cleaning of sea cucumber.
Preferably, controller and gas generator, motor, supersonic generator, sparge pipe, air blower and infrared Counter connects, for controlling gas generator, motor, supersonic generator, sparge pipe, the working condition of air blower and side Formula, and receive the value of feedback and record of infrared counting device.
Compared with prior art, beneficial effects of the present invention are:1)The use of demarcation strip and elastic string, it is clear to can be improved sea cucumber Effect is washed, and can promote to be formed the various chemical bonds cut-out of stereochemical structure in sea cucumber body or re-form, destroys original albumen Corresponding denaturation occurs for the stereochemical structure of matter, protein, and not only so that sea cucumber in-vivo tissue tight ness rating increases, hole reduces, and carries The tenderness and elasticity of high sea cucumber, may also be advantageous for hydrone and infiltrate through in protein, form stable tetrahedron hydrogen bond structure, change The water retention property of kind sea cucumber body so that the sea cucumber cleaned by this equipment can significantly improve overall quality;2)Gas generator It is used cooperatively with supersonic generator, water body inside cleaning case is made the different fluid layer of flow velocity occur, improve rubbing for water body and sea cucumber Power is wiped, so that sea cucumber surface impurity is fully fallen, also bubble may make to increase rapidly, is then closed, is produced when bubble is closed suddenly Raw shock wave, destroying the insoluble impurities on sea cucumber surface makes impurity be scattered in cleaning solution, to reach high-efficiency washing, and cleans Effect is good.
Present invention employs above-mentioned technical proposals to provide a kind of ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment, compensates for the prior art Deficiency, reasonable design, easy operation.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view of the air guide pipe surface of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the vertical view of the conveyer belt of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the front view of the conveyer belt of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the front view of the demarcation strip of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is demarcation strip and the connection diagram of elastic string of the invention and the partial enlarged view on elastic string surface.
Reference sign:1 cleaning case;2 return tanks;3 filters;4 back water pumps;5 gas generators;6 gas-guide tubes;7 electricity Motivation;8 conveyer belts;9 add salt device;10 salinity survey meters;11 controllers;12 supersonic generators;13 sparge pipes;14 air blowers; 15 infrared counting devices;16 upper layer outlet pipes;17 bottom outlet pipes;18 return pipes;19 strainers;20 outgassing columns;21 head covers;22 shields Column;23 demarcation strips;24 elastic strings;25 open-works;26 junction buttons;27 sponge balls.
Specific implementation mode
It is described in further detail below in conjunction with drawings and examples:
Embodiment 1:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 4, ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment, including cleaning case 1,1 bottom of cleaning case are connected with return tank 2, Cleaning case 1 is internally connected with conveyer belt 8, and 1 inner wall of cleaning case is connected with supersonic generator 12, and 1 top of cleaning case, which is connected with, to be added Salt device 9 adds 9 side of salt device to be equipped with controller 11, and controller side is equipped with sparge pipe 13, and 8 both sides of conveyer belt are connected with guardrail 22, It is equidistantly connected with demarcation strip 23 between guardrail 22, four elastic strings 24 are connected between demarcation strip 23, cleaning case 1 is used for sea cucumber It is cleaned, return tank 2 can be back to inside cleaning case 1 by the water body inside cleaning case 1 into purification after purification, improve cleaning 1 inside water body utilization rate of case, reduces water body waste, green energy conservation, by conveyer belt 8 by sea cucumber transport to inside cleaning case 1 into Row cleaning, under the auxiliary of supersonic generator 12, can comprehensively and effectively clean sea cucumber, and pressurizer 9 is toward cleaning case 1 Salt is added in interior water body, promotes the sea cucumber for drinking brine that the silt in body is discharged, the inside and outside cleaning to improve sea cucumber is imitated The guardrail 22 of fruit, 8 both sides of conveyer belt can prevent sea cucumber from being fallen from 8 surface of conveyer belt, improve device functional reliability, demarcation strip 23 8 surface of conveyer belt can be divided into multiple isolated areas, the influence cleaning that contacts with each other between sea cucumber be avoided, when cleaning also can be improved Order, elastic string 24 limits sea cucumber, and can slightly raise sea cucumber, may not only facilitate to the clear of sea cucumber bottom It washes, may additionally facilitate the sundries that cleaning is fallen and be discharged from 8 surface of conveyer belt, be advantageously implemented continuous cleaning sea cucumber.
2 side wall of return tank is connected with gas generator 5, and gas generator 5 is connected with gas-guide tube 6, and gas-guide tube 6 extends to clearly Bottom in tank-washer 1 is located at the length and 1 length of cleaning case ratio preferably 1 of the gas-guide tube 6 inside cleaning case 1:1.5, gas occurs Device 5 is constantly to gas is passed through inside ejected wash water body during cleaning sea cucumber, and gas is gradually increasing from 1 bottom of cleaning case, gas The liquid inside cleaning case 1 is caused to flow under the collective effect of supersonic generator 12 so that 1 internal water body of cleaning case is formed The different fluid layer of flow velocity increases the internal friction between fluid layer, sea cucumber its surface in the water body with higher frictional force Impurity, which is fully cleaned, to fall off, and gas makes bubble increase rapidly under the high-frequency oscillation signal that supersonic generator 12 is sent out It is long, it is then closed suddenly, shock wave is generated when bubble is closed, destroying the insoluble impurities on sea cucumber surface makes impurity be scattered in clearly In washing lotion, to reach high-efficiency washing, and cleaning performance is good, and length of the gas-guide tube 6 inside cleaning case 1 can be such that sea cucumber is cleaning It can also can avoid the long waste of resource of 6 length of gas-guide tube by bubbling -cleaning, coordinated using bubble when in 1 inside water body of case Not only cleaning performance is good for the cleaning way of ultrasonic wave, but also small to the injury of sea cucumber ontology, is conducive to processing and the guarantor in later stage It deposits;6 upper surface of gas-guide tube is connected with outgassing column 20, and 20 top of outgassing column is connected with " people " font head cover 21,20 surface of outgassing column It is evenly equipped with venthole, venthole is evenly distributed with by the way of outlet using 20 surface of outgassing column, outlet hole count can be increased in same position Amount increases the gas output of same position, improves cleaning performance, head cover 21 can effectively be prevented " people " of 20 surface of outgassing column connection automatically The impurity such as the silt only fallen after cleaning sea cucumber are fallen blocks venthole in outlet hole surface, improves the reliability of device, " people " Font head cover 21 can avoid the case where bubble appearance is obstructed and can not be risen to the flow conductivity good of bubble.
Conveyer belt 8 is driven by motor 7, and the upper end of 8 end of conveyer belt is equipped with the air blower 14 being connect with cleaning case 1, 14 side of air blower is equipped with infrared counting device 15, and the sea cucumber that air blower 14 is arranged after 8 end of conveyer belt can be cleaning removes Surface moisture is removed, post-production is not only conducive to, the evaporation of sea cucumber surface moisture is also can avoid and reduces sea cucumber internal moisture content, make Sea cucumber after must cleaning has preferable quality infrared counting device 15 for being counted to the sea cucumber of cleaning, convenient for cleaning It checks and accepts and counts.
Corresponding 2 outer wall of return tank in coarse filter is connected with return pipe 18, and return pipe 18 is connected in cleaning by conduit The bottom outlet pipe 17 of 1 bottom of case and the upper layer outlet pipe 16 for being set to 1 upper end of cleaning case, at 1 inside water height of cleaning case At upper layer outlet pipe 16, during cleaning sea cucumber, water surface, sea cucumber table are floated on after the mucus cleaning on sea cucumber surface The sediment settlement in face, can be to the bottom water inside cleaning case 1 by bottom outlet pipe 17 and upper layer outlet pipe 16 in water bottom Body is absorbed and is discharged into return pipe 18 with surface water body, is conducive to remove the impurity in cleaning water body comprehensively;In return tank 2 It is connected with back water pump 4,4 one end of back water pump is connect with cleaning case 1, and 4 other end of back water pump is connected with filter 3, and filter 3 is intake End is connected with coarse filter, and coarse filter is internally connected with strainer 19, and the water body in drainpipe 18 is filtered by coarse filter, more connects The aperture of the strainer 19 of nearly filter 3 is smaller, realizes progressive coarse filtration, the water body after coarse filtration is filtered by filter 3 Clean water body is obtained, clean water body is discharged by back water pump 4 inside cleaning case 1 again, and aforesaid operations are realized inside to cleaning case 1 Water body carry out real time filtering, to ensure to remain preferable water quality inside cleaning case 1, improve cleaning sea cucumber effect, and can subtract Few water body uses, energy saving.
Salt device 9 is added to be connected with salinity survey meter 10 by conducting wire, the end of probe of salinity survey meter 10 is immersed in cleaning case 1 In water body, 1 inside water body salt content of cleaning case is detected by salinity survey meter 10, is fed back to after adding salt device 9 so that cleaning case 1 Internal water body is in the preferable state of salinity always, and sea cucumber can promote the discharge of silt in sea cucumber body after entering brine, realize The inside and outside cleaning of sea cucumber.
Controller 11 and gas generator 5, motor 7, supersonic generator 12, sparge pipe 13, air blower 14 and red Outer counter 15 connects, for controlling gas generator 5, motor 7, supersonic generator 12, sparge pipe 13, air blower 14 Working condition and mode, and receive the value of feedback and record of infrared counting device 15.
The prior art of routine techniques dawn known to those skilled in the art in the present embodiment, is not chatted in detail herein It states.
Embodiment 2:
The present embodiment is to advanced optimize scheme on the basis of embodiment 1:
As shown in figure 5,23 bottom of demarcation strip is equipped with semicircle open-work 25,23 surface of demarcation strip of 25 upper end of open-work, which is connected with, to be used for The junction button 26 of fixed elastic string 24, junction button 26 and 23 distance from bottom h1 of demarcation strip are preferably 4cm, and open-work 25 can will be from sea cucumber On wash down sundries discharge, avoid 23 impurities at bottom of demarcation strip accumulate and generate bacterium, junction button 26 improve elastic string connect Connect reliability.
As shown in fig. 6, elastic string 24 is in state is naturally drooped, the minimum point of elastic string 24 and the difference in height h2 of tie point are excellent It is selected as 1.8cm, elastic string 24, which wears to connect, is fixed with sponge ball 27, and sea cucumber follows conveyer belt 8 to move on 24 surface of elastic string, conveyer belt The vibration that 8 movements generate makes sea cucumber realize up-down vibration on 24 surface of elastic string, is conducive to increase sea cucumber and cleans water body Contact area improves cleaning performance, more preferable to the support effect of sea cucumber in the elastic string 24 for the state that naturally droops, and can avoid out The phenomenon for now keeping sea cucumber bullet winged because elastic force is excessive, under the action of ultrasonic wave, water body constantly generates fluctuation, and sea cucumber is in elastic string 24 surface run_outs and the sponge ball 27 on 24 surface of elastic string constantly generate extruding and friction, promote formation stereochemical structure in sea cucumber body The cut-out of various chemical bonds or re-form, destroy the stereochemical structure of original protein, corresponding denaturation occurs for protein, no Only so that sea cucumber in-vivo tissue tight ness rating increases, hole reduces, and improves the tenderness and elasticity of sea cucumber, may also be advantageous for hydrone and ooze It penetrates in protein, forms stable tetrahedron hydrogen bond structure, improve the water retention property of sea cucumber body so that is clear by this equipment The sea cucumber washed can significantly improve overall quality, increase the economic value of sea cucumber, and junction button 26 is fitted at a distance from 23 bottom of demarcation strip Preferably, it both can guarantee that sea cucumber had preferable elasticity on 24 surface of elastic string, and can also give sea cucumber bottom there are enough blowdown spaces, Cleaning sea cucumber effect is improved, the difference in height of 24 the highest point and the lowest point of elastic string is suitable, it is ensured that sea cucumber is for a moment from elastic string 24 Surface obtains best elasticity in the case of falling.
Elastic string 24 is fibrous material, and the preferred preparation method of fibrous material is:By weight, 5 parts are taken to gather to benzene two The melt of formic acid glycol ester, 42 parts by M-phthalic acid and 1,5- pentanediols copolymerization made of low-melting point polyester solution, 3 parts Thickener mixes, and is passed through side. by-side conjugation spinning component and carries out spinning, is collected, obtained hot sticky under the speed of 380m/min Close elastomer spun filament;By obtained heat bonding elastomer spun filament successively into trip temperature be 70 DEG C, multiple be 3 times one Grade drawing-off, temperature are 100 DEG C, the two level drawing-off that multiple is 0.8 times, obtain heat bonding elastomer drafting silk;The heat that will be obtained After bonding elastomer drafting silk cutting short-forming fiber, hot rolling song processing is carried out, elastic fiber material is obtained.Above-mentioned preparation process is real Shi Xingqiang, the fiber for preparing gained have excellent elasticity, and the thickener being added in preparation process is carboxymethyl cellulose and 2, The mixture of 3- epoxy -1- propyl alcohol, mass ratio is 1 successively:In 0.015,2,3- epoxy -1- propyl alcohol(R)- 2,3- epoxies- 1- propyl alcohol and(S)The mass ratio of -2,3- epoxy -1- propyl alcohol is 1:0.56, carboxymethyl cellulose and 2,3- epoxy -1- propyl alcohol can shape At stable complex compound, the physical behavior of polyethylene terephthalate and low-melting point polyester not only can be changed, keep mixing molten Body is more sticky and stablizes, and the compatibility of each component in preparation process also can be improved, and promotes the cohesion of dispersed particle, improves fiber Spinnability so that the elastic string 24 for preparing gained not only has excellent elasticity, and its close structure degree is good, tensile strength It is high so that sea cucumber can be promoted sea cucumber internal structure change, improve sea cucumber on 24 surface of elastic string by sufficient extruding and friction Overall quality.
The prior art of routine techniques dawn known to those skilled in the art in the present embodiment, is not chatted in detail herein It states.
Embodiment 3:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 6, structure of the invention is connected as:Main body of the present invention is cleaning case 1, and 1 bottom of cleaning case is connected with reflux Case 2,2 right side of return tank are connect with the upper layer outlet pipe 16 on 1 right side of cleaning case and bottom outlet pipe 17 by return pipe 18, are flowed back 2 inner right side of case is equipped with coarse filter, and coarse filter is internally connected with strainer 19, and the mesh aperture of strainer 19 gradually becomes from right to left It is small, it is connected with filter 2 on the left of coarse filter, coarse filter and filter 2 are respectively connected with bilge discharge pipe, are filtered out for being discharged Impurity and sewage, the left side of filter 2 is connected with the water inlet pipe of back water pump 4, and outlet pipe and 1 bottom of cleaning case of back water pump 4 connect It connects, 2 outer left side of return tank is connected with gas generator 5, and gas generator 5 is connected with gas-guide tube 6, and gas-guide tube 6 passes through cleaning The outer wall of case 1 enters to 1 inside of cleaning case and is fixed on 1 bottom of cleaning case, and 1 outer wall of cleaning case of 6 upper end of gas generator connects It is connected to motor 7, motor 7 is that conveyer belt 8 provides power, and the head end of conveyer belt 8 is located at 1 left side wall upper end of cleaning case, and inclines It tiltedly extends in the water body inside cleaning case 1, keeps the horizontal rear-inclined in one end to extend to cleaning case in 1 inside water body of cleaning case Right side wall upper end, after extend to the horizontal end of conveyer belt 8 and terminate, connect at 1 top of cleaning case and close to conveyer belt head end side It is connected to and adds salt device 9, salt device 9 is added to be connected with the salinity survey meter 10 being immersed in water body, the cleaning on 9 right side of pressurizer by conducting wire 1 top of case is connected with controller 11, and 1 top of cleaning case on 11 right side of controller is connected with sparge pipe 13, and sparge pipe 13 is set to Conveyer belt has just extended one section of top of water-outlet body, and multiple spouts of sparge pipe 13 are equipped with equidistance with 8 surface of conveyer belt, 1 top of cleaning case on 13 right side of sparge pipe is connected with connecting rod, and connecting rod surface is connected with air blower 14 and infrared counting device 15, Air blower 14 and infrared counting device 15 are in above 8 horizontal end of conveyer belt, controller 11 and gas generator 5, motor 7, supersonic generator 12, sparge pipe 13, air blower 14 and infrared counting device 15 connect.
The nouns of locality such as " right side ", " left side " involved in the present embodiment are not the restriction of the component locations connected to equipment, But a kind of relative position relation signal.
Embodiment 4:
As shown in Fig. 1 ~ 6, the operation principle of the present invention is that:When carrying out cleaning sea cucumber, motor 7 is beaten by controller 11 It opens, makes it that transmission belt 8 be driven to operate, salinity is in by adding salt device 9 and salinity survey meter 10 to adjust 1 inside water body of cleaning case Appropriate state opens supersonic generator 12 and gas generator 5 so that 1 inside water body of cleaning case is in the shape suitable for cleaning Sea cucumber, is placed on 24 surface of elastic string between the demarcation strip 23 of conveyer belt 8 by state one by one, and sea cucumber follows conveyer belt 8 to cleaning The inside of case 1 is mobile, sea cucumber fully cleaned in water body cleaning case 1 inside after gradually to moving outside cleaning case 1, water spray The opening of pipe 13 and the sea cucumber finished to cleaning carry out water spray punching and spill, and air blower 14, which is opened, simultaneously blows the sea cucumber surface after water spray Dry, the sea cucumber after drying passes through infrared counting device 15, and infrared counting device 15, which counts, adds one, and sea cucumber enters reception position, cleans Cheng Zhong, the bottom water body inside cleaning case 1 constantly enter in upper layer outlet pipe 16 and bottom outlet pipe 17 with top water body, lead to It crosses aqueduct to guide the water of entrance to return pipe 18, enter inside coarse filter 19 afterwards, after the filtering of coarse filter 19 Water body without the larger substance of particle, the impurity such as silt are carried part of contaminated water discharge and set by the blowdown outlet pipe of coarse filter connection Standby, filtered water body, which enters, carries out refined filtration in filter 3, removes the substances such as mucus, and filtered clean water body passes through return water Pump 4 enters inside cleaning case 1, and part of contaminated water realizes the continuous wash of sea cucumber by bilge discharge pipe device for transferring.
Routine techniques connection in above-described embodiment or the prior art of prior art dawn known to those skilled in the art, Therefore it is not described in detail herein.
Embodiment 5:
Cleaning equipment using the present invention is tested with conventional cleaning sea cucumber equipment:
Experiment sea cucumber used is adopted as Dalian stichopus japonicus, and experiment same day capture is tested after transporting to, do not make any artificial place immediately Reason, single head weight is about 90g;Conventional cleaning sea cucumber equipment uses cleaning sea cucumber machine(Lead to the limited public affairs of food machinery in Dalian Department).
The cleaning equipment of the present invention is set to test group in experiment, conventional cleaning equipment is set to control group, every group of carry out 3 times 30 sea cucumbers are chosen in experiment, every time experiment.
Test evaluation:Clean evaluation:After cleaning experiment, without silt, without any attachment, body in observation sea cucumber body surface fold Table non-foam shape mucus remains, you can confirms that the sea cucumber reaches clean requirement;Assessment of impairments:After cleaning experiment, sea cucumber body is observed The appearance of table having skin phenomenon can be judged to being damaged, and stress situation occur and row is dirty reacts but body surface is without anyization skin phenomenon Sea cucumber should be determined as non-damaging;Elasticity evaluation:Using EZTEST food quality and structure instruments(Japanese Shimadzu Co., Ltd)After analysis cleaning The elasticity of sea cucumber;Specific retention is evaluated:Using TGL-16C high speed tabletop centrifuges(Anting Scientific Instrument Factory, Shanghai)After measuring cleaning The specific retention of sea cucumber.The results are shown in Table 1 for test evaluation.
1 test evaluation result table of table
Test group is can be seen that in clean evaluation, assessment of impairments, elasticity evaluation and specific retention from the test evaluation result of table 1 All have more excellent performance in terms of evaluation, sea cucumber its washability of surface after the cleaning of the cleaning equipment of the present invention Good and small to the extent of injury of sea cucumber in cleaning process, the sea cucumber after cleaning has preferably elasticity and specific retention, can be apparent Improve sea cucumber quality after cleaning.
Embodiment of above is merely to illustrate the present invention, and not limitation of the present invention, the ordinary skill people of this field Member can also make a variety of changes and modification without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention.Therefore, all equivalent Technical solution also belong to scope of the invention, scope of patent protection of the invention should be defined by the claims.

Claims (9)

1. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment, including cleaning case(1), cleaning case(1)Bottom is connected with return tank(2), cleaning Case(1)It is internally connected with conveyer belt(8), cleaning case(1)Inner wall is connected with supersonic generator(12), cleaning case(1)Top connects It is connected to and adds salt device(9), add salt device(9)Side is equipped with controller(11), controller side is equipped with sparge pipe(13), feature exists In:The conveyer belt(8)Both sides are connected with guardrail(22), the guardrail(22)Between be equidistantly connected with demarcation strip(23), The demarcation strip(23)Between be connected at least two elastic strings(24).
2. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The demarcation strip(23)Bottom Portion is equipped with semicircle open-work(25), the open-work(25)The demarcation strip of upper end(23)Surface is connected with for fixing elastic string (24)Junction button(26), the junction button(26)With demarcation strip(23)Distance from bottom h1 is 3 ~ 6cm.
3. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The elastic string(24)It is in Naturally droop state, the elastic string(24)Minimum point and tie point difference in height h2 be 1 ~ 3cm, the elastic string (24)It wears to connect and is fixed with sponge ball(27).
4. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The return tank(2)Side Wall is connected with gas generator(5), the gas generator(5)It is connected with gas-guide tube(6), the gas-guide tube(6)Extend To cleaning case(1)Interior bottom, described is located at cleaning case(1)Internal gas-guide tube(6)Length and cleaning case(1)Length ratio is 1:1.3~1.7。
5. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The gas-guide tube(6)On Surface is connected with outgassing column(20), the outgassing column(20)Top is connected with " people " font head cover(21), the outgassing column (20)Surface is evenly equipped with venthole.
6. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The conveyer belt(8)It is logical Cross motor(7)Driving, the conveyer belt(8)The upper end of end is equipped with and cleaning case(1)The air blower of connection(14), described Air blower(14)Side is equipped with infrared counting device(15).
7. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The return tank(2)It is interior It is connected with back water pump(4), the back water pump(4)One end and cleaning case(1)Connection, the back water pump(4)The other end connects There is filter(3), the filter(3)Water inlet end is connected with coarse filter, and the coarse filter is internally connected with strainer(19).
8. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The coarse filter is corresponding Return tank(2)Outer wall is connected with return pipe(18), the return pipe(18)It is connected in cleaning case by conduit(1)Bottom Bottom outlet pipe(17)Be set to cleaning case(1)The upper layer outlet pipe of upper end(16).
9. ultrasonic wave cleaning sea cucumber process equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described plus salt device(9)It is logical It crosses conducting wire and is connected with salinity survey meter(10), the salinity survey meter(10)End of probe be immersed in cleaning case(1)Water body In.
CN201810403106.4A 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 Ultrasonic sea cucumber cleaning and processing equipment Expired - Fee Related CN108739956B (en)

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