CN108739086B - Walking lawn and construction method thereof - Google Patents

Walking lawn and construction method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN108739086B
CN108739086B CN201810643413.XA CN201810643413A CN108739086B CN 108739086 B CN108739086 B CN 108739086B CN 201810643413 A CN201810643413 A CN 201810643413A CN 108739086 B CN108739086 B CN 108739086B
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planting
grass
root
layer
lawn
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CN108739086A (en
Inventor
徐玉芹
肖荣
肖天昊
党小林
常二磊
崔海鹏
巩振华
李彦飞
乌拉
曹炜
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Beijing Kuaile Xiaocao Sports Grass Technology Co ltd
Inner Mongolia Mongolian Grass Ecological Environment Group Ltd
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Beijing Kuaile Xiaocao Sports Grass Technology Co ltd
Inner Mongolia Mongolian Grass Ecological Environment Group Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G20/00Cultivation of turf, lawn or the like; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G13/00Protecting plants

Abstract

The invention discloses a walking lawn which comprises a supporting layer and a planting layer positioned on the supporting layer, wherein the planting layer comprises a root system planting matrix layer and grass planting grids, the root system planting matrix layer is laid on the upper portion of the supporting layer, one grass planting grid is positioned in the root system planting matrix layer, the root system planting matrix layer is 3-5 cm higher than the grass planting grids, coconut shreds are uniformly distributed in the root system planting matrix layer, and the usage amount of the coconut shreds is 50-60 kg/mu. The construction method comprises the following steps: laying a layer of grass planting grids on the supporting layer, filling and laying root system planting matrixes in the grass planting grids, and enabling the root system planting matrixes to sink 3-5 cm beyond the grass planting grids to form root system planting matrix layers. Through set up grass planting check and add the coconut fibre with its setting in suitable position and root system matrix in the root system planting layer on lawn, strengthened the compressive property on root system planting layer jointly for the soil on root system planting layer is difficult to take place soil hardening trampling the in-process, thereby has improved the anti performance of trampling on lawn.

Description

Walking lawn and construction method thereof
Technical Field
The invention relates to the technical field of lawns, in particular to a walking lawn and a construction method thereof.
Background
With the development of social economy, people pay more and more attention to the environment, and a great amount of greening construction of parks and communities enables the lawn to become a common facility. The conventional lawn is mainly characterized in that a grass blanket is directly paved or sown on the original land, or sand is paved and then the lawn is planted on the original land, the conventional lawn is inevitably easy to tread, and after a tourist treads the conventional lawn is easy to cause hard soil and alopecia areata, so that the maintenance cost of the lawn is further high.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to provide a walking lawn, which aims to solve the problem that the conventional lawn is not resistant to treading.
A second object of the present invention is to provide a method for constructing a walking lawn, which can obtain a walking lawn with treading resistance by a simple, convenient and feasible method.
The invention provides a walking lawn which comprises a supporting layer and a planting layer positioned on the supporting layer, wherein the planting layer comprises a root system planting matrix layer and grass planting grids, the root system planting matrix layer is laid on the upper portion of the supporting layer, one layer of the grass planting grids is positioned in the root system planting matrix layer, the root system planting matrix layer is 3-5 cm higher than the grass planting grids, coconut shreds are uniformly distributed in the root system planting matrix layer, and the use amount of the coconut shreds is 50-60 kg/mu.
The invention also provides a construction method of the walking lawn, which comprises the following steps: laying a layer of grass planting grids on the supporting layer, filling and laying root system planting matrixes in the grass planting grids, and enabling the root system planting matrixes to sink 3-5 cm beyond the grass planting grids to form root system planting matrix layers.
The grass planting lattices are arranged in the root system planting layer of the lawn and used as a framework structure to enhance the compression resistance of the root system planting layer, so that when a human body tramples the lawn, the grass planting lattices can disperse the trampling pressure, the soil of the root system planting layer is not easy to harden in the trampling process, the grass of the lawn is easy to recover after being trampled, and the trampling resistance of the lawn is improved; the grass planting check is further arranged at the position below the 3-5 cm of the surface of the root system planting layer, so that the grass planting check can carry out skeleton support on the lawn structure, the growth of grass on the lawn can not be influenced, and the whole lawn trample process can not damage the grass planting check structure. And through adding the coconut fibre in the matrix is planted to the root system, can cooperate the grass planting check to make the hole condition of soil be in better state all the time, can not harden trampling the in-process for the grass can vitality and repair ability reinforce, reaches the anti trampling performance that supplies the pedestrian to walk.
Drawings
In order to more clearly illustrate the technical solutions of the embodiments of the present invention, the drawings needed to be used in the embodiments will be briefly described below, it should be understood that the following drawings only illustrate some embodiments of the present invention and therefore should not be considered as limiting the scope, and for those skilled in the art, other related drawings can be obtained according to the drawings without inventive efforts.
Fig. 1 is a schematic structural view of a walking lawn according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In the figure: 100-walking lawn; 110-a support layer; 111-geotextile; 120-planting layer; 121-root system planting matrix layer; 122-grass planting grids; 130-mixed grass.
Detailed Description
In order to make the objects, technical solutions and advantages of the embodiments of the present invention clearer, the technical solutions in the embodiments of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below. The examples, in which specific conditions are not specified, were conducted under conventional conditions or conditions recommended by the manufacturer. The reagents or instruments used are not indicated by the manufacturer, and are all conventional products available commercially.
The following is a detailed description of a walking lawn and a method for constructing the same according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In current lawn, after artificially stepping on the lawn, human weight can further transmit pressure for the planting soil layer of planting the meadow on the grass that acts on the lawn earlier, and then can make and plant soil layer soil by the compaction under the effect of pressure, produce easily and harden, thereby moisture and the nutrient substance supply that lead to the grass on the lawn receive the influence, consequently, the back is trampled to the grass on the lawn, its growing ability and repair ability decline greatly, and then lead to dying easily, the lawn forms a large amount of alopecia areata. The invention creatively provides the lawn capable of greatly enhancing the treading resistance of the lawn, so that the lawn can form a walking lawn for walking. The specific implementation mode is as follows:
referring to fig. 1, some embodiments of the present invention provide a walking lawn 100, which includes a support layer 110 and a planting layer 120 on the support layer 110, wherein the planting layer 120 includes a root planting substrate layer 121 and grass planting lattices 122, the root planting substrate layer 121 is laid on the upper portion of the support layer 110, one layer of grass planting lattices 122 is located in the root planting substrate layer 121, the root planting substrate layer 121 sinks over the grass planting lattices 122, and the upper surface of the root planting layer is 3-5 cm higher than the tops of the grass planting lattices 122. Coconut shreds are uniformly distributed in the root system planting matrix layer, and the using amount of the coconut shreds is 50-60 kg/mu.
The grass planting lattice 122 mainly adopts modified high molecular weight HDPE as a raw material, is green and environment-friendly, and can be completely recycled, and the grass planting lattice 122 also has the performances of pressure resistance, wear resistance, impact resistance, ageing resistance and corrosion resistance. The inventor creatively sets up grass planting check 122 in the root system planting matrix that is used for planting the grass on lawn, be about to bury grass planting check 122 in root system planting matrix, play the effect of skeleton support in its inside, be different from the mode that is applied to ground with grass planting check 122 among the prior art, when the lawn is trampled to the human body, the soil layer on grass planting check 122 upper portion receives the extrusion and transmits power for grass planting check 122 uniformly, the further dispersion is advanced to the trampling pressure that will transmit through grass planting check 122, thereby make the soil on lower part root system planting layer be difficult to take place the soil hardening at trampling the in-process, and then the grass on lawn is trampling the back, its bottom is difficult to take place to change for its soil basic unit that provides moisture and nutrient composition, its growth performance and repair capability also obtain the improvement, resume easily after being trampled. Therefore, the treading resistance of the lawn is greatly improved; and plant grass check 122 and set up in the position of root system planting layer 121 surperficial 3 ~ 5cm below for plant grass check 122 can enough carry out the dispersion of skeleton support and effort to the lawn structure, can not influence the growth of the grass on the lawn again, also makes trampling the in-process on whole lawn can not destroy the structure of plant grass check 122.
In addition, evenly distributed has the shredded coconut meat in root system planting matrix layer 121, the shredded coconut meat has fine gas permeability, it can keep soil to have fine gas permeability, because the shredded coconut meat that distributes among the root system planting matrix, and then when the root system planting matrix received to trample, can carry out partial separation by the shredded coconut meat between the sticky material that has in the root system planting matrix, consequently, make it be difficult to take place to harden, thereby make lawn grass can have stronger vitality all the time, trampled the back, be difficult to die.
The supporting layer 110 is a bottom structure which supports the walking lawn 100 and is also used for collecting drainage at the bottom of the lawn, so that in some embodiments of the invention, the supporting layer 110 is a gravel drainage layer, and the gravel used in the gravel drainage layer has a particle size of 1-3 cm. The crushed stone can be selected from gravel, etc. The support layer 110 formed by piling the crushed stones with the particle size has stable support performance, and meanwhile, the pore size is suitable for facilitating drainage and collection, and meanwhile, the moisture and the nutrient components are not easy to lose.
In the walking lawn 100 according to the embodiment of the present invention, the thickness of the supporting layer 110 and the planting layer 120 and the height specification of the grass planting lattice 122 all affect the performance of the walking lawn 100, the soil layer of the planting layer 120 is too thick, which easily causes poor partial pressure stress condition of the grass planting lattice 122, and the treading resistance cannot be significantly improved, and meanwhile, the excessive water in rainy days is not conducive to drainage and collection through the supporting layer 110; and the too thin soil layer of the planting layer 120 is likely to cause poor moisture and fertility preservation capability of water and soil and influence plant growth. Therefore, in some embodiments of the present invention, the total thickness of the supporting layer 110 and the planting layer 120 may be 20 to 30cm, the thickness of the supporting layer 110 may be 5 to 10cm, and the height of the grass grid 122 may be 7 to 10 cm. The thickness of this supporting layer 110, planting layer 120 and the selection of grass planting check 122 specification size can make when trampling the lawn, and the power of trampling can act on grass planting check 122 fast, and moisture content and nutrient composition in the layer 120 are planted to the root system can have fine holding power simultaneously, have also had the good drainage of supporting layer 110 to collect the ability concurrently.
According to some embodiments, the walking lawn 100 further comprises a foundation, wherein the gravel drainage layer is laid on the foundation, the surface of the foundation is medium-high, two sides of the foundation are low, the slope is 3-5 per mill, and the foundation drainage is facilitated through the set certain slope.
According to some embodiments, a geotextile 111 is further disposed between the support layer 110 and the root planting matrix layer 121. The laying amount of the geotextile 111 is 100-2The geotextile 111 can prevent the root system planting matrix from sliding down to the gravel drainage layer along with water seepage. Further, in some embodiments, 2-5 cm root system planting substrates are further laid on the grass planting lattices 122 and the geotextile 111, so that the grass planting lattices 122 can be prevented from directly contacting the supporting layer 110, and a buffering effect is achieved.
In the embodiments of the present invention, the specific choice of the root system planting substrate also relates to the growth and restoration ability of turfgrass, and also relates to whether the root system planting substrate is easy to harden after treading. Therefore, in some embodiments of the present invention, the root planting medium of the root planting medium layer 121 further includes medium coarse sand, turfy soil, and organic fertilizer. Further, the ratio of medium coarse sand to peatmoss may be 3: 1-5: for example, the ratio of medium coarse sand to turfy soil may be 3: 1, or 4:1, or 4.5: 1, or 5:1, etc.; the dosage of the organic fertilizer can be 1-2 kg/m2. The medium with the medium coarse sand and the turfy soil matched plays a good role in water and fertilizer retention, and simultaneously has good porosity, thereby being beneficial to the growth of plant rootsLong. Wherein, the organic fertilizer can be selected from conventional organic fertilizers sold in the market, and also can be selected from agricultural biological organic fertilizers and the like. Further, in some embodiments, the coarse medium sand contains more than 80% of particles with a particle size of 0.25-1.0 mm.
Further, in some embodiments of the present invention, the mixed grass 130 is planted on the root system planting substrate layer 121, and the mixed grass 130 includes grassy low-reproduction type pasture and turf grass. By mixed planting of gramineous inferior pasture and lawn grass, the whole treading capacity of the lawn can be improved, and the whole aesthetic property of the lawn can be considered. The grass of the lower propagation type of the gramineae has strong water and soil retention capacity and strong growth and restoration capacity, and when the grass is mixed with the common lawn grass for planting, the growth and restoration capacity of the whole lawn can be improved. The proportion of the gramineous inferior propagation type pasture in the mixed grass is 10-30%, and the proportion can not only improve the treading resistance of the lawn, but also does not influence the ornamental performance of the whole lawn. Wherein, when mixed planting is carried out, the grass of the lower reproduction type in the Gramineae and the lawn grass are uniformly mixed and sowed.
In particular, grasses of the gramineae inferior reproduction type suitable for embodiments of the present invention may include one or more combinations of fescue, elymus, rambutan, bromus formosanus, teff grass, fescue, or cogongrass. For example, leymus chinensis, elymus sativus, rambutan, bromus formosanus or teff grass may be selected individually. Or combination of herba Leymi chinensis and old Mangifera Indicae, or combination of herba Leymi chinensis, herba Thymi Japonicae and bromus formosanus, etc. Turfgrass may include one or more combinations of blue grass, tall fescue, ryegrass, bentgrass, fescue, zoysia, bermuda grass, carpesium or blumea. For example, turfgrass may be festuca arundinacea, ryegrass, bentgrass or fescue, or a combination of fescue and zoysia, or a combination of zoysia and bermuda, or a combination of bermuda, bentgrass and carpet grass.
Furthermore, aiming at different climatic conditions in the south and north, different lawn grass is selected, so that the growth performance of the lawn grass is improved, and the trampling resistance of the lawn grass is correspondingly improved. In northern lawns, the turf grass is cool-season grass, preferably one or a combination of bluegrass, festuca arundinacea, ryegrass, bentgrass, or festuca arundinacea. In southern lawns, the turf grass is warm season grass, preferably one or a combination of zoysia, bermuda grass, carpesium or blumea.
Further, some embodiments of the present invention also relate to a method of constructing the above-described walking lawn 100, which includes: a layer of grass planting lattice 122 is laid on the support layer 110, root planting matrix is filled and laid in the grass planting lattice 122, and the root planting matrix is made to sink over the grass planting lattice 122 and to be higher than the grass planting lattice 122 by 3-5 cm, so that a root planting matrix layer 121 is formed.
According to some embodiments, the root planting substrate is compacted or settled once per 4-5 cm thickness of the filled root planting substrate when being filled and laid. The capability of improving water and soil conservation is facilitated by multiple compaction or settlement.
According to some embodiments, the construction method further comprises planting mixed grass on the root planting layer 121, wherein the mixed grass comprises gramineous subsurface propagation type pasture and turf grass, and the gramineous subsurface propagation type pasture accounts for 10-30% of the mixed grass.
Further, the maintenance of the treading resistance of the walking lawn 100 is also closely related to the growth performance of the mixed grass planted on the lawn, and thus the construction process thereof further includes maintaining the constructed walking lawn 100 and trimming the mixed grass to a height of 5-8cm above the ground surface. Specifically, maintaining the walking lawn 100 includes: watering once every 10-15 days, wherein each time of watering is permeable, so that soil with the depth of 10cm underground is wet; fertilizing once a month, preferably applying a compound fertilizer, wherein the fertilizing amount is 18-25 g/m2Preferably, the compound fertilizer is a 15-15-15 compound fertilizer. Above-mentioned maintenance process is to mixing the careless maintenance means that suits of planting, can make and carry out to have fine growth performance for a long time between the multiple grass of mixed planting, and then after being trampled, the grass is also difficult dead, can resume fast.
Some embodiments of the present invention also relate to a method of constructing a walking lawn 100, comprising: firstly, foundation arrangement is carried out, 20-30cm is dug downwards, and the foundation is compacted and settled. Then 5-1 of pavingAnd a 0cm gravel drainage layer, wherein the particle size of the gravel is 1-3 cm. Then, according to 100-2Laying the geotextile 111, laying 2-5 cm of root system matrix on the geotextile 111, laying 7-10cm of grass planting grids 122, continuously laying the root system matrix in the grass planting grids 122 to enable the root system matrix to sink 3-5 cm beyond the grass planting grids, and compacting or settling the matrix once every 5cm of the matrix is filled. Finally, a grass blanket is laid or sown, and the grass seeds are mixed with the grass seeds of the lawn and the inferior propagation type pasture of the grass family Gramineae.
The features and properties of the present invention are described in further detail below with reference to examples.
Example 1
Firstly, foundation arrangement is carried out, 24cm is dug downwards, the foundation is compacted and settled to enable the middle of the foundation to be high and two sides to be low, the gradient is about 5 per mill, then a 9cm gravel drainage layer is paved on the foundation, wherein the gravel particle size is 1-3 cm.
Secondly, the water content of the crushed stone is 110g/m on the crushed stone drainage layer2Laying geotextile, laying 3cm of root system planting matrix on the geotextile, laying a layer of grass planting grids with the specification height of 7cm, continuously filling the grass planting grids with the root system planting matrix, and finally enabling the root system planting matrix to sink 4cm above the tops of the grass planting grids and compacting the matrix once every 5cm of the filled matrix. Wherein, root system planting matrix includes: medium and coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut fibers and organic fertilizer, wherein the mass ratio of the medium and coarse sand to the turfy soil is 3: 1, the dosage of the organic fertilizer is 1kg/m2The coconut shred consumption is 50 kg/mu, and the medium coarse sand is 83% medium coarse sand with the grain size of 0.25-1.0 mm. The root system planting matrix is obtained by uniformly mixing medium-coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut shreds and organic fertilizer according to the proportion.
And then, planting grass on the root planting layer, wherein the grass seeds are planted by mixing gramineous inferior propagation type pasture and turfgrass, and the gramineous inferior propagation type pasture accounts for 21%. The grass of the lower propagation type in the Gramineae family is selected from the Chinese wildrye, and the lawn grass is selected from the blunt-leaved grass, etc.
And then, performing daily maintenance on the lawn, wherein the height of the trimmed lawn is 6cm higher than the ground surface, grass scraps can be directly scattered on the ground surface, the lawn is watered for 1 time in 10 days, each time, the lawn is watered thoroughly, and the soil 10cm below the ground is wet. Applying fertilizer to lawn 1 time per month, (15-15-15) compound fertilizer 20g/m2
Example 2
Firstly, foundation arrangement is carried out, 28cm is dug downwards, the foundation is compacted and settled to enable the middle of the foundation to be high and two sides to be low, the gradient is about 4 per mill, then a 8cm gravel drainage layer is paved on the foundation, wherein the gravel particle size is 1-3 cm.
Secondly, the water content of the crushed stone is 150g/m on the crushed stone drainage layer2Laying geotextile, laying 5cm of root system planting matrix on the geotextile, laying a layer of grass planting grids with the specification height of 10cm, continuously filling the grass planting grids with the root system planting matrix, and finally enabling the root system planting matrix to sink 5cm above the tops of the grass planting grids and compacting the matrix once every 5cm of the filled matrix. Wherein, root system planting matrix includes: medium coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut fibers and organic fertilizer, wherein the mass ratio of the medium coarse sand to the turfy soil is 5:1, and the dosage of the organic fertilizer is 2kg/m2The coconut shred consumption is 55 kg/mu, and the medium coarse sand is 85% medium coarse sand with the grain size of 0.25-1.0 mm. The root system planting matrix is obtained by uniformly mixing medium-coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut shreds and organic fertilizer according to the proportion.
And then, planting grass on the root planting layer, wherein the grass seeds are planted by mixing gramineous inferior propagation type pasture and turfgrass, and the gramineous inferior propagation type pasture accounts for 30%. Grass of Gramineae is selected from bent-leaf type, and grass of lawn is selected from carpet grass.
And then, performing daily maintenance on the lawn, wherein the height of the trimmed lawn is 8cm higher than the ground surface, grass scraps can be directly scattered on the ground surface, the lawn is watered for 1 time in 15 days, each time, the lawn is watered thoroughly, and the soil 10cm below the ground is wet. Applying fertilizer to lawn 1 time per month, (15-15-15) compound fertilizer 25g/m2
Example 3
Firstly, foundation arrangement is carried out, 21cm is dug downwards, the foundation is compacted and settled to enable the middle of the foundation to be high and two sides to be low, the gradient is about 5 per mill, then a 5cm gravel drainage layer is paved on the foundation, wherein the gravel particle size is 1-3 cm.
Secondly, the water content of the crushed stone on the water drainage layer is 115g/m2Laying geotextile, laying 4cm root system planting matrix on the geotextile, laying a layer of grass planting lattice with specification height of 8cm, continuously filling the grass planting lattice with the root system planting matrix, and finally enabling roots to growThe planting matrix is 4cm above the top of the grass planting grid, and the matrix is compacted once every 5cm of the filling matrix. Wherein, root system planting matrix includes: medium and coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut fibers and organic fertilizer, wherein the mass ratio of the medium and coarse sand to the turfy soil is 4:1, the dosage of the organic fertilizer is 1.5kg/m2The coconut shred consumption is 60 kg/mu, and the medium coarse sand is 90% of medium coarse sand with the grain size of 0.25-1.0 mm. The root system planting matrix is obtained by uniformly mixing medium-coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut shreds and organic fertilizer according to the proportion.
And then, planting grass on the root planting layer, wherein the grass seeds are planted by mixing gramineous inferior propagation type pasture and turfgrass, and the gramineous inferior propagation type pasture accounts for 15%. The lower propagation type pasture of the gramineae is selected from a combination of elymus and old awn, and the lawn grass is selected from ryegrass.
And then, performing daily maintenance on the lawn, wherein the height of the trimmed lawn is 6cm higher than the ground surface, grass scraps can be directly scattered on the ground surface, the lawn is watered for 1 time in 13 days, each time, the lawn is watered thoroughly, and the soil 10cm below the ground is wet. Applying fertilizer to lawn 1 time per month, (15-15-15) compound fertilizer 18g/m2
Example 4
Firstly, foundation arrangement is carried out, 26cm is dug downwards, the foundation is compacted and settled to enable the middle of the foundation to be high and two sides to be low, the gradient is about 5 per mill, then a 8cm gravel drainage layer is paved on the foundation, wherein the gravel particle size is 1-3 cm.
Secondly, the water content of the crushed stone is 120g/m on the crushed stone drainage layer2Laying geotextile, laying 5cm of root system planting matrix on the geotextile, laying a layer of grass planting grids with the specification height of 8cm, continuously filling the grass planting grids with the root system planting matrix, and finally enabling the root system planting matrix to sink 5cm above the tops of the grass planting grids and compacting the matrix once every 5cm of the filled matrix. Wherein, root system planting matrix includes: medium coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut fibers and organic fertilizer, wherein the mass ratio of the medium coarse sand to the turfy soil is 4:1, and the dosage of the organic fertilizer is 1.5kg/m2The coconut shred consumption is 52 kg/mu, and the medium coarse sand is 83% medium coarse sand with the grain size of 0.25-1.0 mm. The root system planting matrix is obtained by uniformly mixing medium-coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut shreds and organic fertilizer according to the proportion.
And then, paving, sowing and planting grass, wherein grass seeds are planted by mixing gramineous inferior propagation type pasture with lawn grass, and the gramineous inferior propagation type pasture accounts for 25%. The grass of the lower reproduction type of the gramineae is awnless brome, and the lawn grass is bentgrass.
And then, performing daily maintenance on the lawn, wherein the height of the trimmed lawn is 7cm higher than the ground surface, grass scraps can be directly scattered on the ground surface, the lawn is watered for 1 time in 13 days, each time, the lawn is watered thoroughly, and the soil 10cm below the ground is wet. Applying fertilizer to lawn 1 time per month, (15-15-15) compound fertilizer 20g/m2
Example 5
Firstly, foundation arrangement is carried out, 21cm is dug downwards, the foundation is compacted and settled to enable the middle of the foundation to be high and two sides to be low, the gradient is about 5 per mill, then a 8cm gravel drainage layer is paved on the foundation, wherein the gravel particle size is 1-3 cm.
Secondly, the water content of the crushed stone is 120g/m on the crushed stone drainage layer2Laying geotextile, laying a layer of grass planting grids with the specification height of 8cm on the geotextile, filling root system planting matrix into the grass planting grids, and finally enabling the root system planting matrix to sink 5cm above the tops of the grass planting grids, and compacting the matrix once every 5cm of the filled matrix. Wherein, root system planting matrix includes: medium coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut fibers and organic fertilizer, wherein the mass ratio of the medium coarse sand to the turfy soil is 4:1, and the dosage of the organic fertilizer is 1.5kg/m2The coconut shred consumption is 58 kg/mu, and the medium coarse sand is 85% medium coarse sand with the grain size of 0.25-1.0 mm. The root system planting matrix is obtained by uniformly mixing medium-coarse sand, turfy soil, coconut shreds and organic fertilizer according to the proportion.
And then, planting grass on the root planting layer, wherein the grass seeds are planted by mixing gramineous lower propagation type pasture and turfgrass, and the gramineous lower propagation type pasture accounts for 25%. The grass of the lower reproduction type of the gramineae is awnless brome, and the lawn grass is bentgrass.
And then, performing daily maintenance on the lawn, wherein the height of the trimmed lawn is 7cm higher than the ground surface, grass scraps can be directly scattered on the ground surface, the lawn is watered for 1 time in 13 days, each time, the lawn is watered thoroughly, and the soil 10cm below the ground is wet. Applying fertilizer to lawn 1 time per month, (15-15-15) compound fertilizer 20g/m2
Example 6
This example is different from example 4 only in that the grass seed selected at the time of planting grass is bentgrass.
Example 7
The difference between the embodiment and the embodiment 4 is that the root system planting substrate only comprises medium-coarse sand and organic fertilizer.
Example 8
The difference between the embodiment and the embodiment 4 is that the root system planting substrate and the grass planting grid are directly paved on the crushed stone drainage layer without paving the geotextile.
Example 9
This example is different from example 4 only in that the root system planting medium is directly filled up to 5cm without being compacted or settled when being filled up.
Example 10
The difference between the embodiment and the embodiment 4 is only that in the root system planting substrate, the medium coarse sand with the grain diameter of 0.25-1.0 mm only accounts for 50%.
Comparative example 1
The comparative example differs from example 4 only in that the filling of the root system planting medium did not reach 8cm above the top of the grass grid.
Comparative example 2
The comparative example differs from example 4 only in that the filling of the root system planting medium did not reach 2cm above the top of the grass grid.
Comparative example 3
The comparative example differs from example 4 only in that the root system planting medium is filled to be flush with the top of the grass planting lattice.
Comparative example 4
The comparative example is different from the example 4 only in that the grass planting grids are not paved, and the root system planting substrate of 18cm is directly paved on the gravel drainage layer.
Comparative example 5
The comparative example differs from example 4 only in that no coconut shred was added to the root system planting medium.
Comparative example 6
Firstly, foundation arrangement is carried out, 26cm is dug downwards, the foundation is compacted and settled, and a root system planting matrix with the thickness of 26cm is paved. Wherein, root system planting matrix includes: medium coarse sand, turfy soil and organic fertilizerThe mass ratio of the medium coarse sand to the turfy soil is 4:1, and the dosage of the organic fertilizer is 1.5kg/m2The medium coarse sand is 83% of medium coarse sand with the grain diameter of 0.25-1.0 mm. The root system planting matrix is obtained by uniformly mixing medium-coarse sand and turfy soil organic fertilizer according to the proportion. Then, bentgrass is planted on the root planting substrate.
Test examples
The lawns constructed according to the methods in examples 1 to 10 and comparative examples 1 to 6 were subjected to a treading resistance test, and the specific test method was: a person weighing about 70kg tramples 8 times a day, tramples 15 minutes each time, tramples one hour apart for 7 days each time, observe the percentage of lawn alopecia areata after continuously trampling for 7 days, and then observe the lawn recovery condition. The experimental results are shown in table one.
Watch 1
Experimental group Alopecia areata proportion after 7 days Recovery situation
Example 1 18% Recovering after 6 days
Example 2 15% Recovering after 5 days
Example 3 17% Recovering after 6 days
Example 4 14% Recovering after 5 days
Example 5 20% Recovering after 9 days
Example 6 21% Recovering after 11 days
Example 7 23% Recovering after stopping trampling for 12 days
Example 8 28% Recovering after 13 days
Example 9 24% Recovering after 11 days
Example 10 17% Recovering after 8 days
Comparative example 1 24% Recovering after 9 days
Comparative example 2 25% Recovering after 11 days
Comparative example 3 36% Recovering 13 days after stopping trampling
Comparative example 4 40% Recovery after 14 days after stopping trampling
Comparative example 5 16% Recovering after 6 days
Comparative example 6 81% No recovery after 30 days after stopping trampling
From the above experimental results, it can be seen that the treading resistance of the lawn obtained by the construction method according to the embodiment of the present invention is greatly improved compared to the treading resistance and the recovery ability of the lawn in the comparative example 6, and the lawn has the basic treading requirements of the walking lawn. Further comparing the experimental results of example 5 and example 4, it can be seen that laying a layer of root system planting substrate between the geotextile and the grass planting lattice is beneficial to improving the treading performance and the recovery capability of the lawn. As can be seen by comparing example 6 with example 4, the mixed grass species are planted to improve the treading resistance and the restorability of the lawn. It can be seen by comparing example 7 with example 4 that the choice of root system matrix also has some effect on the final treading resistance. It can be seen from comparison between example 8 and example 4 that the geotextile facilitates the loss of soil with water, and thus, the growth performance of the lawn grass can be enhanced, and the treading resistance can be improved. By comparing example 9 with example 4, it can be seen that the compacting operation of the filled root system planting medium is beneficial to the growth of the grass on the lawn, thereby improving the treading resistance thereof. By comparing example 10 with example 4, it can be seen that the ratio of the particle size of the medium coarse sand also has an influence on the lawn performance to some extent. Further, comparing example 4 with comparative examples 1-4 respectively, it can be seen that the position of the grass planting lattice in the root planting matrix layer is very critical to improving the treading resistance of the lawn, and the treading resistance of the grass planting lattice is reduced due to the fact that the matrix layer on the grass planting lattice is too thick or too thin. Further comparing example 4 with comparative example 6, it can be seen that the addition of coconut fibers in the root system matrix significantly improves the treading resistance of the lawn.
To sum up, through burying the grass planting check in the root system planting matrix that is used for planting the grass on lawn, it plays the effect that the skeleton supported in its inside, be different from the mode that is applied to ground with grass planting check 122 among the prior art, when the human body trampled the lawn, the soil layer on grass planting check upper portion receives the extrusion and transmits power for grass planting check uniformly, the rethread grass planting check is further dispersed with the trampling pressure that transmits, thereby make the soil on lower part root system planting layer be difficult to take place the soil hardening at trampling the in-process, and then the grass on lawn is trampling the back, its bottom is difficult to change for its soil basic unit that provides moisture and nutrient composition, its growth performance and restoration ability are also compare the temperature, resume easily after being trampled. Therefore, the treading resistance of the lawn is greatly improved; and will plant the grass check and set up in the position below the root system planting layer surface 3 ~ 5cm for the grass check can enough carry out the dispersion of skeleton support and effort to the lawn structure, can not influence the growth of the grass on the lawn again, also makes trampling the in-process on whole lawn can not destroy grass check structure, and the anti trampling performance on lawn has also been promoted in coordination with the grass check in addition of coconut palm silk together.
The embodiments described above are some, but not all embodiments of the invention. The detailed description of the embodiments of the present invention is not intended to limit the scope of the invention as claimed, but is merely representative of selected embodiments of the invention. All other embodiments, which can be derived by a person skilled in the art from the embodiments given herein without making any creative effort, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (1)

1. A method for constructing a walking lawn is characterized by comprising the following steps:
s1, foundation arrangement: digging 20-30cm downwards, compacting and settling the foundation to ensure that the middle of the foundation is high and the two sides are low, and the gradient is 3-5 per mill;
s2, laying a supporting layer: paving a gravel drainage layer of 5-10cm on the surface of the foundation as a supporting layer, wherein the particle size of gravel is 1-3 cm;
s3, laying geotextile: 100-150g/m on the gravel drainage layer of the supporting layer2Laying geotextile, wherein the laying of geotextile can prevent the root system planting matrix from sliding down to the gravel drainage layer along with water seepage;
s4, laying a planting layer: laying a root system matrix of 2-5 cm on the geotextile, laying a grass planting grid with the specification height of 7-10cm, and continuously laying the root system matrix in the grass planting grid to ensure that the root system matrix is 3-5 cm beyond the grass planting grid; when the root planting matrix is filled and laid, the root planting matrix is compacted or settled once when the root planting matrix is filled to a thickness of 4-5 cm, and the water and soil conservation capacity can be improved through multiple compaction or settlement; root system matrix includes well coarse sand, turfy soil, fertilizer and coconut shred, and the proportion of well coarse sand and turfy soil is 3: 1-5: 1, 1-2 kg/m of organic fertilizer2The using amount of the coconut shreds is 50-60 kg/mu;
s5, mixed grass planting: planting mixed grass on the surface of the planting layer, wherein the mixed grass comprises gramineous lower propagation type forage grass and lawn grass, and the gramineous lower propagation type forage grass accounts for 10-30% of the mixed grass;
s6, lawn maintenance: when the constructed walking lawn is maintained, the height of the mixed grass is trimmed to be 5-8cm higher than the ground surface; the concrete maintenance means is as follows: watering once every 10-15 days, wherein each time of watering is permeable, so that soil with the depth of 10cm underground is wet; fertilizing once a month, applying compound fertilizer,the fertilizing amount is 18-25 g/m2The compound fertilizer is 15-15-15 compound fertilizer, and the construction of the walking lawn is completed.
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CN111345229A (en) * 2020-03-16 2020-06-30 广州华景建设有限公司 Novel garden lawn green land construction method

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